Botswana registered a significant decline in the trade deficit for the month of June 2021, following a massive jump in exports against a decrease in imports.
Figures contained in the International Merchandise Trade Statistics for the month, released by Statistics Botswana on Thursday, reveals that in June 2021, the total export value went up by 43.4 percent or 2.124 billion from the revised May 2021 figure of P4.899 billion to P7.024 billion.
According to the country’s central data body, the rise is attributed mainly to the exportation of Diamonds by 43.9 percent (P2. 1503 billion) from P4.280 billion in May 2021 to P6.430 billion in June 2021. Imports were valued at P7.6356 billion, 1.9 percent (P145.9 million) below the May 2021 revised figure of P7.7814billion.
A decrease of 36.1 percent (P248.5 million) in the importation of Vehicles & Transport Equipment substantially affected the overall decline in total imports value, contributing 3.2 percentage points. However, the overall decrease was dampened by the increase of 16.4 percent (P107.8 million) for Chemicals & Rubber Products, making a positive contribution of 1.4 percentage points.
The over 43 percent growth in exports against the 1.9 percent decrease in imports significantly moved the trade balance. Botswana recorded a trade deficit of P611.4 million during June 2021. The latest deficit follows a revised trade deficit of P2.887 billion for May 2021, mirroring a massive decline.
The Diamonds group accounted for 91.5 percent (P6.430 billion) of total exports, followed by Machinery & Electrical Equipment with 2.2 percent (P151.1 million). Asia was the leading destination for Botswana exports, having received 61.2 percent (P4.295 billion) of total exports during June 2021.
These exports mostly went to the UAE and India, having received 27.6 percent (P1.94 billion) and 17.0 percent (P1.19 billion) of total exports during the month under review, respectively. Diamonds accounted for 99.9 percent of exports to the UAE and 100 percent of exports to India. During the month under review, exports destined to the EU amounted to P1.88 billion, accounting for 26.8 percent of total exports.
Belgium received almost all the exports destined to the regional block, acquiring 26.7 percent (P1.87 billion) of total exports during the reporting period. The Diamonds group was the leading commodity group exported to the EU. The SACU region received exports valued at P644.4 million, representing 9.2 percent of total exports.
Diamonds and Machinery and Electrical Equipment commodity groups accounted for 26.2 percent (P169.1 million) and 22.0 percent (P141.5 million) of total exports to the customs union, respectively. South Africa received 8.8 percent (P615.4 million) of total exports during the month under review. The USA received 1.4 percent (P99.3 million) of total exports during June 2021, with 99.7 percent (P99.0 million) attributable to Diamonds.
In June 2021, Botswana received imports valued at P7.63 billion. Diamonds contributed 36.9 percent (P2.814 billion) to total imports, Food, Beverages & Tobacco; and Fuel, followed by 11.3 percent (P859.5 million) and 11.2 percent (P858.7 million), respectively. Machinery & Electrical Equipment, contributed 11.1 percent (P850.6 million).
The SACU region contributed 63.5 percent (P4. 845 billion) to total imports during the reference period. The topmost imported commodity groups from the SACU region were Diamonds; Fuel and Food, Beverages & Tobacco, with contributions of 17.3 percent (P837.8 million), 17.2 percent (P834.2 million), and 16.7 percent (P810.6 million) to total imports from the region, respectively.
South Africa contributed 59.0 percent (P4.5 billion) to total imports during June 2021. Food, Beverages & Tobacco contributed 17.6 percent (P794.2 million) of imports from that country. Fuel and Diamonds accounted for 16.8 percent (P758.2 million) and 13.6 percent (P612.9 million), respectively. Namibia contributed 4.4 percent (P332.7 million) to the overall imports during the period under review.
In that order, diamonds and Fuel were the primary commodities imported at 67.6 percent (P224.9 million) and 22.8 percent (P76.0 million) of imports from the country. Imports from Asia were valued at P1.36 billion, representing 17.8 percent of June 2021 total imports. The primary commodity group imported from the regional block was Diamonds, with 71.4 percent (P971.8 million) of total imports from the region.
Russia, India, and the UAE were the primary sources of imports from Asia, having supplied 4.8 percent (P367.9 million), 4.5 percent (P343.3 million), and 4.3 percent (P327.6 million) of total imports, respectively.
The EU supplied imports amounting to P964.1 million, accounting for 12.6 percent of total imports. The primary commodity group imported from the EU was Diamonds, at 76.6 percent (P738.5 million) of all imports from the union. Belgium was the primary source of imports from the EU, having supplied 11.2 percent (P852.9 million) of total imports during the period under review.
Canada supplied 3.5 percent (P267.1 million) of the total imports during June 2021. The major commodity traded was Diamonds, with a contribution of 98.7 percent (P263.8 million) to the overall imports from the country. During June, imports representing 54.6 percent (P4.16 billion) were transported into the country by Road.
Transportation of imports by Air and Rail accounted for 27.5 percent (P2.099 billion) and 17.9 percent (P1.36 billion), respectively. During the month, goods exported by Air amounted to P6.517 billion, accounting for 92.8 percent of total exports, while those leaving the country by Road and Rail transport were valued at P493.7 million (7.0 percent) P12.9 million (0.2 percent) respectively.
The recent study on youth entrepreneurship in Botswana has identified difficult access to funding, land, machinery, lack of entrepreneurial mindset and proper training as serious challenges that continue to hamper youth entrepreneurship development in this country.
The study conducted by Alliance for African Partnership (AAP) in collaboration with University of Botswana has confirmed that despite the government and private sector multi-billion pula entrepreneurship development initiatives, many young people in Botswana continue to fail to grow their businesses into sustainable and successful companies that can help reduce unemployment.
University of Botswana researchers Gaofetege Ganamotse and Rudolph Boy who compiled findings in the 2022 study report for Botswana stated that as part of the study interviews were conducted with successful youth entrepreneurs to understand their critical success factors.
According to the researchers other participants were community leaders, business mentors, Ministry of Trade and Industry, Ministry of Youth, Gender, Sport and Culture, financial institutions, higher education institutions, non-governmental institutions, policymakers, private organizations, and support structures such as legal and technical experts and accountants who were interviewed to understand how they facilitate successful youth entrepreneurship.
The researchers said they found that although Botswana government is perceived as the most supportive to businesses when compared to other governments in sub-Saharan Africa, youth entrepreneurs still face challenges when accessing government funding. “Several finance-related challenges were identified by youth entrepreneurs. Some respondents lamented the lack of access to start-up finance, whereas others mentioned lack of access to infrastructure.”
The researchers stated that in Botswana entrepreneurship is not yet perceived as a field or career of choice by many youth “Participants in the study emphasized that the many youth are more of necessity entrepreneurs, seeing business venturing as a “fall back. Other facilitators mentioned that some youth do not display creativity, mind-blowing innovative solutions, and business management skills. Some youth entrepreneurs like to take shortcuts like selling sweets or muffins.”
According to the researchers, some of the youth do not display perseverance when they are faced with adversity in business. “Young people lack of an entrepreneurial mindset is a common challenge among youth in business. Some have a mindset focused on free services, handouts, and rapid gains. They want overnight success. As such, they give up easily when faced with challenges. On the other hand, some participants argue that they may opt for quick wins because they do not have access to any land, machinery, offices, and vehicles.”
The researchers stated that most youth involved in business ventures do not have the necessary training or skills to maintain a business. “Poor financial management has also been cited as one of the challenges for youth entrepreneurs, such as using profit for personal reasons rather than investing in the business. Also some are not being able to separate their livelihood from their businesses.
Lastly, youth entrepreneurs reported a lack of experience as one of the challenges. For example, the experience of running a business with projections, sticking to the projections, having an accounting system, maintaining a clean and clear billing system, and sound administration system.”
According to the researchers, the participants in the study emphasized that there is fragmentation within the entrepreneurial ecosystem, whereby there is replication of business activities without any differentiation. “There is no integration of the ecosystem players. As such, they end up with duplicate programs targeting the same objectives. The financial sector recommended that there is a need for an intermediary body that will bring all the ecosystem actors together and serve as a “one-stop shop” for entrepreneurs and build mentorship programs that accommodate the business lifecycle from inception to growth.”
Botswana Housing Corporation (BHC) is said to have recorded an operating surplus of P61 Million, an improvement compared to the previous year. The housing, office and other building needs giant met with stakeholders recently to share how the business has been.
The P61 million is a significant increase against the P6 million operating loss realized in the prior year. Profit before income tax also increased significantly from P2 million in the prior year to P72 million which resulted in an overall increase in surplus after tax from P1 million prior year to P64 million for the year under review.
Chief of Finance Officer, Diratsagae Kgamanyane disclosed; “This growth in surplus was driven mainly by rental revenue that increased by 15% from P209 million to P240 million and reduction in expenditure from P272 million to P214 million on the back of cost containment.” He further stated that sales of high margin investment properties also contributed significantly to the growth in surplus as well as impairment reversals on receivables amounting to P25 million.
It is said that the Corporation recorded a total revenue of P702 million, an 8% decrease when compared to the P760 million recorded in the prior year. “Sales revenue which is one of the major revenue streams returned impressive margins, contributing to the overall growth in the gross margin,” added Kgamanyane.
He further stated professional fees revenue line declined significantly by 64% to P5 million from P14 million in the prior year which attributed to suspension of planned projects by their clients due to Covid-19 pandemic. “Facilities Management revenue decreased by P 24 million from P69 million recorded in prior year to P45 million due to reduction in projects,” Kgamanyane said.
The Corporation’s strength is on its investment properties portfolio that stood at P1.4 billion at the end of the reporting period. “The Corporation continues its strategy to diversify revenue streams despite both facilities management income and professional fees being challenged by the prevailing economic conditions that have seen its major clients curtailing spending,” added the CEO.
On the one hand, the Corporation’s Strategic Performance which intended to build 12 300 houses by 2023 has so far managed to build 4 830 houses under their SHHA funding scheme, 1 240 houses for commercial or external use which includes use by government and 1 970 houses to rent to individuals.
BHC Acting CEO Pascaline Sefawe noted that; BHC’s planned projects are said to include building 336 flat units in Gaborone Block 7 at approximately P224 million, 100 units in Maun at approximately P78 million, 13 units in Phakalane at approximately P26 million, 212 units in Kazungula at approximately P160 million, 96 units at approximately P42 million in Francistown and 84 units at approximately P61 million in Letlhakane. Emphasing; “People tend to accuse us of only building houses in Gaborone, so here we are, including other areas in our planned projects.”
Researchers from some government owned regulatory institutions in the financial sector have projected that the banking sector’s profitability could increase, following Bank of Botswana Monetary Policy Committee recent decision to increase monetary policy rate.
In its bid to manage inflation, Bank of Botswana Monetary Policy Committee last month increased monetary policy rate by 0.50 percent from 1.65 percent to 2.15 percent, a development which resulted with commercial banking sector increasing interest rate in lending to household and companies. As a result of BoB adjustment of Monetary Policy Rate, from 1.65 percent to 2.15 percent commercial banks increased prime lending rate from 5.76 percent to 6.26 percent.
Researchers from Bank of Botswana, the Non-Bank Financial Institutions Regulatory Authority, the Financial Intelligence Agency and the Botswana Stock Exchange indicated that due to prospects of high inflation during the second half of 2022, there is a possibility that the Monetary Policy Committee could further increase monetary policy rate in the next meeting in August 25 2022.
Inflation rose from 9.6 percent in April 2022 to 11.9 percent in May 2022, remaining above the Bank of Botswana medium-term objective range of 3 – 6 percent. According to the researchers inflation could increase further and remain high due to factors that include: the potential increase in international commodity prices beyond current forecasts, logistical constraints due to lags in production, the economic and price effects of the ongoing Russia- Ukraine conflict, uncertain COVID-19 profile, domestic risk factors relating to possible regular annual administered price adjustments, short-term unintended consequences of import restrictions resulting with shortages in supplies leading to price increases, as well as second-round effects of the recent increases in administered prices “Furthermore, the likelihood of further increases in domestic fuel prices in response to persistent high international oil prices could add upward pressure to inflation,” said the researchers.
The researchers indicated that Bank of Botswana could be forced to further increase monetary policy rate from the current 2.15 percent if inflation rises persistently. “Should inflation rise persistently this could necessitate an upward adjustment in the policy rate. It is against this background that the interest rate scenario assumes a 1.5 percentage points (moderate scenario) and 2.25 percentage points (severe scenario) upward adjustment in the policy rate,” said the researchers.
The researchers indicated that while any upward adjustment on BoB monetary policy rate and commercial banks prime lending rate result with increase in the cost of borrowing for household and compnies, it increase profitability for the banking sector. “Increases in the policy rate are associated with an overall increase in bank profitability, with resultant increases in the capital adequacy ratio of 0.1 percentage points and 0.2 percentage points for the moderate and severe scenarios, respectively,” said the researchers who added that upward adjustment in monetary policy rate would raise extra capital for the banking sector.
“The increase in profit generally reflects the banking industry’s positive interest rate gap, where interest earning assets exceed interest earning liabilities maturing in the next twelve months. Therefore, an increase of 1.5 percentage points in the policy rate would result in industry gains of P71.7 million (4.1 percent increase), while a 2.25 percentage points increase would lead to a gain of P173.9 million (6.1 percent increase), dominated by large banks,” said the researchers.