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BIG fight over Land, but who is fooling who?

Ngwato Land Board is seized with a matter in which a private company, 123 Dimension (Pty) Ltd is challenging the decision to cancel their land rights in the Kgagodi area where it had proposed to build an International Cargo Airport.

The cancellation was arrived at after farmers around Maunatlala/Kgagodi appealed against the allocation of the large piece of land to 123 Dimension (Pty) Ltd for purposes of developing the said international cargo airport.  The sponsors of the proposed airport are now threatening to sue Ngwato Land Board for delaying the project. 123 Dimension (Pty) Ltd wrote through Dithobolo Attorneys to Ngwato Land Board, “We hold urgent instructions to note an appeal against the said resolution by our client.”

“We hold the view that this project that our client intends to embark upon is of national importance and fall squarely under Section 10 of the Tribal Land Act.” 123 Dimension (Pty) Ltd is arguing that the allocation was done in accordance with the law and land rights had accrued to them. They note through their attorneys that “such rights having been lawfully granted as stated supra cannot be cancelled without the compensatory requirements being followed to the letter.”

They further note, “Such compensatory elements will be inclusive but not restricted to loss of rights, the preparatory expenses client incurred upon signing the lease agreement, loss of prospective business and many other costs necessary in the circumstances.” In their view, “This project is budgeted at P20 billion and no reasonable Land Board would refuse such massive investments within Tribal territory”.

In their letter to the Ngwato Land Board, the company claimed that it had already initiated negotiations with farmers whose land rights are conflicting with those of the proposed international airport. This publication gathers that there are about 12 farmers with a legitimate claim and they were initially promised P7million each.

Maunatlala Sub Land Board allocated 123 Dimension (Pty) Ltd the land against the will of the farmers who already had land rights in the area. The decision to award was taken at a meeting held on 4th September 2017. Indications are that this followed a comprehensive campaign by initiators of 123 Dimension (Pty) Ltd. The company directors had gone all out knocking on every office to solicit letters of support towards the project.

In their spirited drive they convinced Chief Executive Officers, District Commissioners, Councillors and other high ranking officers to pencil support letters towards the construction of an international airport in the area. The National Strategy Office (NSO) wrote through one Goitseone Morekisi, “…the project is supported as it is in line with the objectives of the Economic Stimulus Programme (ESP) of Economic Diversification and Accelerated Employment. It is also in line with Citizen Empowerment (CEE) Policy of contributing to the growth of the private sector…”

Bruce Bruno, who was Business Development Manager at Botswana Oil Limited (BOL) at the time wrote on 1st March 2016…”This letter serves to corroborate our confirmation that BOL is in a contractual agreement with your company for the provision of fuel. BOL will supply the required petroleum products as per your enquiry from the Government Reserve Storages.” This was a letter to guarantee the supply of petroleum products (diesel and petrol) to 123 Dimension (Pty) Ltd.

Akolang Tombale, who was Botswana Meat Commission (BMC) Chief executive Officer (CEO) then penned a patronizing letter in support of 123 Dimension (Pty) Ltd. “…To embark on a project of this nature with huge positive economy bearing cannot be over emphasized. Creation of employment for locals and Batswana in general to help eradicate the biggest challenge of unemployment in our country. Botswana Meat Commission is very keen in working with a locally empowered company to help establish a great project. In light of the above that we as Botswana meat Commission are in full support of this project and would assist in any way we can.”

Ernest Phiri, the then Deputy District Commissioner in the Palapye District Administration area was also sold as he wrote “…We wholly support and encourage the initiative. This we do in cognizance of the fact that the project will potentially have massive spin-offs. Issues of creation of employment, economic diversification and potentially poverty eradication are some of the critical Government priorities the project will talk to. While a project such as an Airport might not directly employ a sizeable number of people, it will undoubtedly have huge catalytic impact on the Palapye Administrative Authority’s local economy. It is a must have,” he wrote illuminating his high hopes at as he signed off.

Business Botswana (BB) also wrote a one page letter to “support the project in principle”. They had pledged to offer material support and skills to ensure that the project moves forward.
The Ministry of Land Management also wrote a letter of support noting possible job creation for locals.

On the other hand, Meshack Tshekedi of the BITC was also measured in his support noting the need for satisfying regulatory requirements by the sponsors of the project. He appreciated that the project contribute to the economic development and growth of Botswana by facilitating efficient movement of goods and people in Botswana. “Also, this proposed project could create jobs for the people of Botswana,” he stated.

The Chief Executive Officer of Selibe Phikwe Economic Diversification Unit (SPEDU) at the time, 31st January 2017, Mr Uezesa wrote a measured letter of support. “…In principle, SPEDU supports all initiatives geared towards diversification of the SPEDU region’s economy and its Revitalization Plan…Our expectation is that you submit a fully-fledged business plan which will assist us to establish the viability of your business case. The business plan should clearly delineate the viability of the project across each and every one of its [proposed components or strategic business units. This will enable us to accurately scope the project as well as inform the nature and extent of our project facilitation going forward,” he wrote.

The Maunatlala Sub Land Board had initially acceded to the application for land to accommodate the international airport at its Board sitting of 27th march 2017. The approval was on condition that the company obtains a licence from the Civil Aviation Authority of Botswana (CAAB); it further stated that the land shall be strictly for an international cargo airport and change of use will not be allowed.

The Sub Land Board had also made it clear that “Failure to implement or observe these conditions, the allocated land will revert back to the allocating authority and your rights over this piece of land will be cancelled.”

However on the 6th September 2017 Maunatlala Farmers filed an appeal objecting to the allocation of land to 123 dimension (Pty) Ltd and they were successful. The land rights allocated to 123 Dimension (Pty) Ltd were cancelled on the basis that there were already existing rights on allocated land; and that the 123 Dimension (Pty) Ltd allocation did not follow the right consultation process.

This is the decision that 123 Dimension (Pty) Ltd is challenging and intends to take the matter to the Land Tribunal should their appeal at the Ngwato Land Board be quashed.
Meanwhile farmers in the Kgagodi area and the Lesenepole junction area have written missives to object to the proposed development because it will encumber on their grazing area. They also claim that the company has not proved its business case beyond reasonable doubt.

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Media have a Role in Accelerating Harm Reduction Adoption

8th December 2022

African Scientists and Experts Call for the adoption of a Harm Reduction in approach in Public Health Strategies and Tobacco Control. Media have a critical role to play in accelerating Harm Reduction efforts by informing and sensitizing cigarette smokers on the availability and benefits of alternative, potentially lower risk products to cigarretes. Traditional cessation and smoking prevention norms are not the only ways that smokers who cannot or don’t’ want to quit can make healthier choices that cause less harm to themselves and those around them.

This was said during the 2nd Harm Reduction Exchange conference for African journalists held in Nairobi, Kenya on the 1st of December 2022. Speaking at the Harm Reduction Exchange Conference, Integra Africa Principal Dr. Tendai Mhizha emphasized the role that journalists and media houses should play in handling misinformation and disinformation in tobacco harm reduction discourse that is actually perpetuating the death and disease caused by people continuing to smoke combustible cigarettes. “There has been a lot of disinformation surrounding the topic of nicotine and the alleged negative effects that e-cigarettes have on public health.

This has led to policies that disfavour risk reduces products and narratives that completely deny their benefits. The media have the difficult responsibility to curb the scourge of disinformation and misinformation on harm reduction just like on other socio-political stances that are prescriptive and do not uphold consumers’ right to healthier lifestyle choices,” Dr Mhizha said.

The Harm Reduction Exchange cast a spotlight on alternative ways to reduce harm among tobacco smokers. Held under the theme Harm Reduction: Making a difference in Africa, the conference focused on the progress being made through harm reduction strategies in all fields related to public health such as drug and alcohol abuse, excessive sugar consumption, skin lightening and other addictive and behavioral practices. A wide array of harm reduction strategies and initiatives that are deployed towards reducing unnecessary deaths through non-communicable diseases were presented and discussed.

On his part, Prof. Abdoul Kassé, a world renowned and awarded Oncologist and a Professor of Surgery at the Cancer Institute in Senegal, said that Harm Reduction is a powerful public A Summary of the HR Exchange 30th November  1st December 2022 health tool that has the potential to reduce cancer by 30% and should be at the centre of all public health development strategies. Harm reduction, he said, has already benefited many people in public health and is the most viable alternative in tobacco control.

It applies to areas where there is a need to reduce the harm associated with a practice or consumption of a substance that is overused in society leading to increased morbidity and mortality. “Innovative Harm Reduction initiatives will help to keep more Africans alive. Tobacco Harm Reduction initiatives, including the use of popular e-cigarettes, nicotine patches and chewing gums, have continued to generate a lot of misunderstanding in both the public health community and in the media. However, there is evidence that the use of potentially less harmful alternatives than cigarettes for those who are not willing or cannot give up smoking with currently approved methods may be a solution, not necessarily the best for everyone but by far better than continuous smoking.

Where cessation repeatedly fails, switching to less harmful products is expected to result in benefits for many smokers,” Prof. Abdoul Kassé said. Similarly, views were expressed by Kenya’s Dr. Vivian Manyeki who said tobacco Harm Reduction has a solid scientific and medical basis, and it has a lot of promise as a public health measure to assist millions of smokers. “Many smokers are unable, or at least unwilling, to achieve cessation through complete nicotine and tobacco abstinence. They continue smoking despite the very real and obvious adverse health consequences and against the multiple public health campaigns. Conventional smoking cessation proposals should be complemented with alternative but more realistic options through Harm Reduction,” Dr. Manyeki said.

Tobacco Harm Reduction was introduced to mitigate the damage caused by cigarette smoking—the most dangerous form of tobacco use, and the leading cause of preventable diseases, including cardiovascular disease, lung cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. “Nicotine has an addictive potential but plays a minor role in smoking-related morbidity and mortality. Across the world, there is growing interest among experts in novel approaches towards tobacco control and there is an ongoing discussion that reducing the negative effects of smoking can be also achieved by tobacco harm reduction,” Dr. Kgosi Letlape, an ophthalmologist and President of Africa Medical Association and the president of the Association of Medical Councils of Africa, said.

Tobacco cessation is a key factor in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Abstinence from tobacco smoking is one of the primary goals for health promotion and management globally but it is unachievable in a huge amount of cases. This task remains unaccomplished despite extensive public campaigns on the health dangers of tobacco smoking. Thus, the development of novel strategies to reduce smoking is imperative. Moreover, the use of innovations in smoking products has been currently adopted by several smokers to reduce the health risks of smoking.

“The Harm Reduction approach prevents drug-related deaths and overdose fatalities and is the only way out for addicts. In the same way these alternative technologies can reduce tobacco harm and accelerate the journey to a smoke-free world as they reduce exposure to toxicants,” Bernice Apondi, A Policy Manager at Voices of Community Action and Leadership Kenya (VOCAL-Kenya), said.

During the Harm Reduction Exchange, journalists drawn from Southern, West and East African countries, including: Nigeria, Botswana, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Eswatini, Tanzania, Uganda, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe debated and set forth several resolutions in regards to the present and future as well as the challenges and progress made in Harm Reduction,and science-led regulation.

The Harm Reduction Exchange brought together high-level policy makers, physicians, scientists and health policy experts with media stakeholders from Africa in a lively mix of speeches, presentations, and panel discussions. The key note speakers included Prof Abdoul Aziz Kasse, Ms Bernice Opondi, Joseph Magero, Jonathan Fell, Chimwemwe Ngoma, Clive Bates, Dr. Kgosi Letlape, Dr. Vivian Manyeki and Dr. Tendai Mhizha.

 

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Over 2 000 civil servants interdicted

6th December 2022

Over 2,000 civil servants in the public sector have been interdicted for a variety of reasons, the majority of which are criminal in nature.

According to reports, some officers have been under interdiction for more than two years because such matters are still being investigated. Information reaching WeekendPost shows that local government, particularly councils, has the highest number of suspended officers.

In its annual report, the Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC) revealed that councils lead in corrupt activities throughout the country, and dozens of council employees are being investigated for alleged corrupt activities. It is also reported that disciplined forces, including the Botswana Defence Force (BDF), police, and prisons, and the Directorate of Intelligence and Security (DIS) have suspended a significant number of officers.

The Ministry of Education and Skills Development has also recorded a good number of teachers who have implicated in love relationships with students, while some are accused of impregnating students both in primary and secondary school. Regional education officers have been tasked to investigate such matters and are believed to be far from completion as some students are dragging their feet in assisting the investigations to be completed.

This year, Mmadinare Senior Secondary reportedly had the highest number of pregnancies, especially among form five students who were later forcibly expelled from school. Responding to this publication’s queries, Permanent Secretary to the Office of the President Emma Peloetletse said, “as you might be aware, I am currently addressing public servants across the length and breadth of our beautiful republic. Due to your detailed enquiry, I am not able to respond within your schedule,” she said.

She said some of the issues raised need verification of facts, some are still under investigation while some are still before the courts of law.

Meanwhile, it is close to six months since the Police Commissioner Keabetwe Makgophe, Director General of the Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC) Tymon Katlholo and the Deputy Director of the DIS Tefo Kgothane were suspended from their official duties on various charges.

Efforts to solicit comment from trade unions were futile at the time of going to press.

Some suspended officers who opted for anonymity claimed that they have close to two years while on suspension. One stated that the investigations that led him to be suspended have not been completed.

“It is heartbreaking that at this time the investigations have not been completed,” he told WeekendPost, adding that “when a person is suspended, they get their salary fully without fail until the matter is resolved”.

Makgophe, Katlholo and Kgothane are the three most high-ranking government officials that are under interdiction.

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Masisi to dump Tsogwane?

28th November 2022

Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) and some senior government officials are abuzz with reports that President Mokgweetsi Masisi has requested his Vice President, Slumber Tsogwane not to contest the next general elections in 2024.

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