International think tank Moody’s Investor Service recently said rising pressure on African governments caused by the coronavirus pandemic is weighing on the domestic banks.
This is because the creditworthiness of the banks is inextricably linked to the financial strength of the government in the country where they are based.
“As a result, when sovereign creditworthiness deteriorates, in the majority of cases bank creditworthiness comes under pressure. More specifically, governments facing a debt or currency crisis may impose deposit freezes and foreign currency debt moratoriums.
In addition, African banks hold government bonds and loans to government-related bodies worth many times their capital base, making them vulnerable to a government default. The resultant deterioration in operating conditions also affects African banks’ financial performance – especially asset quality, profitability and foreign currency liquidity – while governments’ capacity to provide support to troubled banks is weakened,” said Moody’s recently.
According to Moody’s which is also a renowned rating agency, roughly 90 percent of bank rating actions in Africa over the past six months have followed a sovereign rating action.
According to the rating agency, a sovereign crisis is typically accompanied by rising fiscal pressures, liquidity shortages and weaker economic growth.
“As the governments’ credit profiles weaken, so does their capacity to provide support to troubled banks. Past incidents of sovereign crises and defaults also suggest that there remains a heightened risk of authorities imposing prolonged capital controls on banks during difficult times, such as restricted deposit withdrawals or forced deposit conversions into local currency.
Governments have also previously restricted foreign-exchange transfers abroad, which interfere with private-sector issuers’ abilities to service their foreign-currency debts,” says Constantinos Kypreos, a senior vice president and African banking expert at Moody’s.
Moody’s also said the coronavirus outbreak and its wider impact on global trade, commodity prices and financial markets present severe economic and social challenges to many African sovereigns. This means sovereigns like Botswana which heavily depends on a commodity like diamonds, should have a major economic problem.
When releasing an update of sovereign credit rating for Botswana, another renowned international rating agency S&P Global Ratings, said for this country, long term foreign and domestic currency bonds are affirmed at “BBB+” and short-term foreign and domestic currency bonds at “A-2.”
The rating agency said BBB+ and A-2 sovereign credit ratings, for both long-term and short-term, foreign and domestic currency denominated debt are retained. But this was highly washed down or offset by the outlook which was changed from stable to negative by S&P due to the expected higher pressures on Botswana’s economic, external and fiscal performance over the next two years, notably arising from the adverse impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, compounded by weaker diamond exports. Like Moody’s, S & P sees a bleak future for economies that a commodity-dependent like that of Botswana.
“We could lower our ratings on Botswana if the fiscal trajectory remained weak, beyond the initial impact of the pandemic. This could happen if diamond prices and demand failed to recover in the next two years,” said S & P.
Going back to Moody’s recent report, there is another thing that economy highly susceptible to external shocks which relates to being heavily dependent on commodities which are bought by American dollars, leaving a sovereign’s economy foreign exchange or dollar-bound. Botswana’s diamonds are bought with dollars
Moody’s said partly-dollarised systems like Botswana face acute foreign-currency shortages. The agency said African banks generally benefit from a stable, deposit-based funding structure and are typically liquid. However, many African countries are partly dollarised, and so any depreciation or devaluation of their local currency or a dollar crunch can leave banks vulnerable, said Moody’s.
“More specifically, when government foreign-currency revenues are reduced (for example, as a result of low oil or other commodity prices, or a drop in tourism revenues) and/or international investors reduce their exposures to troubled sovereigns leading to portfolio outflows, this leads to a drop in foreign currency reserves and can prompt central banks to ration the foreign currency they make available to banks. It means that importers are unable to easily source foreign currency to buy goods, or are forced to draw down on their dollar deposits to do so, placing additional pressure on banks’ foreign currency liquidity,” says Moody’s.
Local diamond and metal exploration company Tsodilo Resources Limited has negotiated a non-brokered private placement of 2,200, 914 units of the company at a price per unit of 0.20 US Dollars, which will provide gross proceeds to the company in the amount of C$440, 188. 20.
According to a statement from the group, proceeds from the private placement will be used for the betterment of the Xaudum iron formation project in Botswana and general corporate purposes.
The statement says every unit of the company will consist of a common share in the capital of the company and one Common Share purchase warrant of the company.
Each warrant will enable a holder to make a single purchase for the period of 24 months at an amount of $0.20. As per regularity requirements, the group indicates that the common shares and warrants will be subject to a four month plus a day hold period from date of closure.
Tsodilo is exempt from the formal valuation and minority shareholder approval requirements. This is for the reason that the fair market value of the private placement, insofar as it involves the director, is not more than 25% of the companyâ€™s market capitalization.
Tsodilo Resources Limited is an international diamond and metals exploration company engaged in the search for economic diamond and metal deposits at its Bosoto Limited and Gcwihaba Resources projects in Botswana. Â The company has a 100% stake in Bosoto which holds the BK16 kimberlite project in the Orapa Kimberlite Field (OKF) in Botswana.
African heads of state and global CEOs at the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting backed the launch of the first of its kind report on how public-private partnerships can support the implementation of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA).
AfCFTA: A New Era for Global Business and Investment in Africa outlines high-potential sectors, initiatives to support business and investment, operational tools to facilitate the AfCFTA, and illustrative examples from successful businesses in Africa to guide businesses in entering and expanding in this area.
The report aims to provide a pathway for global businesses and investors to understand the biggest trends, opportunities and strategies to successfully invest and achieve high returns in Africa, developing local, sub-regional and continental value chains and accelerating industrialization, all of which go hand in hand with the success of the AfCFTA.
The AfCFTA is the largest free trade area in the world, by area and number of participating countries. Once fully implemented, it will be the fifth-largest economy in the world, with the potential to have a combined GDP of more than $3.4 trillion. Conceived in 2018, it now has 54 national economies in Africa, could attract billions in foreign investment, and boost overseas exports by a third, double intra-continental trade, raise incomes by 8% and lift 50 million people out of poverty.
To ease the pain of transition to its new single market, Africa has learned from trade liberalization in North America and Europe. â€śOur wide range of partners and experience can help anticipate and mitigate potential disruptions in business and production dynamics,â€ť said BĂ¸rge Brende, President, and World Economic Forum. â€śThe Forumâ€™s initiatives will help to ease physical, capital and digital flows in Africa through stakeholder collaboration, private-public collaboration and information-sharing.â€ť
Given the continentâ€™s historically low foreign direct investment relative to other regions, the report highlights the sense of excitement as the AfCFTA lowers or removes barriers to trade and competitiveness. â€śThe promising gains from an integrated African market should be a signal to investors around the world that the continent is ripe for business creation, integration and expansion,â€ť said Chido Munyati, Head of Regional Agenda, Africa, World Economic Forum.
The report focuses on four key sectors that have a combined worth of $130 billion and represent high-potential opportunities for companies looking to invest in Africa: automotive; agriculture and agroprocessing; pharmaceuticals; and transport and logistics.
â€śMacro trends in the four key sectors and across Africaâ€™s growth potential reveal tremendous opportunities for business expansion as population, income and connectivity are on the rise,â€ť said Wamkele Mene, Secretary-General, AfCFTA Secretariat.
The Forum is actively working towards implementing trade and investment tools through initiatives, such as Friends of the Africa Continental Free Trade Area, to align with the negotiation process of the AfCFTA. It identifies areas where public-private collaboration can help reduce barriers and facilitate investment from international firms.
About the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2023
The World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2023 convenes the worldâ€™s foremost leaders under the theme, Cooperation in a Fragmented World. It calls on world leaders to address immediate economic, energy and food crises while laying the groundwork for a more sustainable, resilient world. For further information,
Electricity generation in Botswana during the third quarter of 2022 declined by 15.8%, following operational challenges at Botswana Power Corporationâ€™ Morupule B power plant, according to Statistics Botswana Index of Electricity Generation (IEG) released last week.
The index shows that local electricity generation decreased by 148,243 MWH from 937,597 MWH during the second quarter of 2022 to 789,354 MWH during the third of quarter of 2022.
This decrease, according to the index, was mainly attributed to a decline in power supply realized at Morupule B power station. The index shows that as a result of low power supply from the plant, imported electricity during the third quarter of 2022 increased by 76.3 percent (123,831 MWH), from 162,340 MWH during the second quarter of 2022 to 286,171 MWH during the current quarter and Statistics Botswana added that the increase was necessitated by the need to augment the shortfall in generated electricity.
In the index Statistics Botswana stated that Eskom was the main source of imported electricity at 42.0 percent of total electricity imports. â€śThe Southern African Power Pool (SAPP) accounted for 38.4 percent, while the remaining 10.1, 9.1 and 0.5 percent were sourced from Electricidade de Mozambique (EDM), Cross-border electricity markets and the Zambia Electricity Supply Corporation Limited (ZESCO), respectively. Cross-border electricity markets are arrangements whereby towns and villages along the border are supplied with electricity from neighbouring countries such as Namibia and Zambia.â€ť
The government owned statistics entity stated that distributed electricity decreased by 2.2 percent (24,412 MWH), from 1,099,937 MWH during the second quarter of 2022 to 1,075,525 MWH during the third quarter of 2022. The entity noted that electricity generated locally contributed 73.4 percent to electricity distributed during the third quarter of 2022, compared to a contribution of 85.2 percent during the third quarter in 2022 and added that this gives a decline of 11.8 percentage points. â€śThe quarter-on-quarter comparison shows that the contribution of electricity generated to electricity distributed decreased by 11.8 percentage points compared to the 85.2 percent contribution during the second quarter of 2022.â€ť
Statistics Botswana meanwhile stated that the year-on-year analysis shows some improvement in local electricity generation. Recent figures from entity show that the physical volume of electricity generated increased by 36.3 percent (210,319 MWH), from 579, 036 MWH during the third quarter of 2021 to 789,354 MWH during the current quarter. According to Statistics Botswana electricity generated locally contributed 73.4 percent to electricity distributed during the third quarter of 2022, compared to a contribution of 57.7 percent during the same quarter in 2021. This gives an increase of 15.7 percentage points.
The entity noted that trends also show an increase in physical volume of electricity distributed from 2013 to the third quarter of 2022, thereby indicating that there are ongoing efforts to meet the domestic demand for power. â€śThere has been a gradual increase of distributed electricity from the first quarter of 2013 to the third quarter of 2022, even though there are fluctuations. The year-on-year perspective shows that the amount of distributed electricity increased by 7.2 percent (71,787 MHW), from 1,003,738 MWH during the third quarter of 2021 to 1,075,525 MWH during the current quarter.â€ť
The statistics entity noted that year-on-year analysis show that during the third quarter of 2022, the physical volume of imported electricity decreased by 32.6 percent (138,532 MWH), from 424,703 MWH during the third quarter of 2021 to 286,171 MWH during the third quarter of 2022. â€śThere is a downward trend in the physical volume of imported electricity from the first quarter of 2013 to the third quarter of 2022. The downward trend indicates the countryâ€™s continued effort to generate adequate electricity to meet domestic demand, hence the decreased reliance on electricity imports.â€ť