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CoA puts final nail in 2019 polls petitions

Mogalakwe Mogalakwe

Court of Appeal (CoA) has this week put to bed opposition parties’ 2019 general elections rigging claims by dismissing the last case on the matter as appealed by former Councillor for Mosolotshane/Morolane in the Shoshong constituency, Mogalakwe Mogalakwe.

When delivering the judgement this week in Gaborone, the presiding Judge, Justice Lakhvinder Singh Walia, upheld the verdict of the High Court. “The application is dismissed with costs, including costs of Counsel,” he stated.

The Judge further added that: “In the end results, Mogalakwe has failed, in my view, to provide any exceptional circumstances accounting for the delay, nor very strong prospects of success.”
The CoA justified the previous High Court ruling: “The decision of court a quo to dismiss the petition was based on findings of fact and credibility. It is trite that an appellate court will not disturb findings of fact or credibility by a trial court unless such findings are manifestly wrong or result from a misdirection.”

According to Walia, there is no mention whatsoever of violation of any constitutional provision. “I must say at once, that the raising of section 65A of the constitution in the notice of appeal is a disingenuous afterthought,” he lashed out. This comes after another opposition, Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) had also appealed the High court verdict that dismissed their contestation of the outcome of the said recent national elections.

Both parties had cited massive irregularities in some constituencies in some parts of the country which contend tilted the election results in favour of the ruling Botswana Democratic Party (BDP).
Following the matter, the appeal was later launched which was premised on the ground that the Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) was in breach of its constitutional mandate to conduct a free and fair election.

Mogalakwe had lost elections in the Council ward representing the Alliance for Progressives (AP) in which the BDP through Kesebelwang Gaarongwe won the elections with 674 votes slightly ahead of Mogalakwe with 637 while Lucas Mokalake of the UDC trailed behind with only 72 votes.

Having lost with a slim margin, Mogalakwe then forged ahead to launch a protest to the results at High Court, the mater which was then dismissed by three panel of Judges; Omphemetse Motumise, Itumeleng Segopolo and Gaolapelwe Ketlogetswe.

Before the court a quo, Mogalakwe had sought court to declare the election held on the 23rd of October 2019 for Mosolotshane/Moralane ward in the Shoshong local government as irregular, null and void and not in compliance with the Electoral Act of Botswana, Cap 02:09. He also wanted court to set aside the election, and direct a re-run of the election within 60 days from the date of the order.

Mogalakwe complained about canvassing for votes at the polling station in which he said he got information from a source he did not disclose, and that a certain Kaudimba made a report to the presiding officer.

The second complaint, the Judge narrated, was about thunderstorms on the day of the voting, which prevented some voters from casting their vote and the election officers not having made adequate arrangements for their protection from the elements.

“The third complaint related to absence of adequate lightning during the voting process, a cadac lamp having failed and cell phones having to be used to provide lighting,” Walia pointed out.
He further said that the fourth complaint was about lack of assistance to illiterate and disabled voters, and this related to inadequate training of electoral officers to assist non-Setswana speakers and deaf/mute voters.

He then observed that, “the next complaint was about the denial by the court of Mogalakwe’s request to call two additional witnesses who had not been listed in the list of witnesses provided to the court.” The Court of Appeal further explained that the other complaints were about the failure to enforce the law against canvassing within 200 metres from the polling station and the breach of section 121 (1) of the Electoral Act.

The case marks the end of the road for opposition in Botswana with regard to their vote rigging claims over the highly contested 2019 General Elections. In the matter, Advocate Patrick Kgoadi represented Mogalakwe while Advocate Otsile Rammidi and Lesego Babitseng stood in for Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) and Busang Manewe and Itseng Mothibamele for Kesebelwang Gaarongwe and Lucas Ehutsahetse Mokalake respectively.

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13 AUGUST 2022 Publication

12th August 2022

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DIS blasted for cruelty – UN report

26th July 2022
DIS BOSS: Magosi

Botswana has made improvements on preventing and ending arbitrary deprivation of liberty, but significant challenges remain in further developing and implementing a legal framework, the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention said at the end of a visit recently.

Head of the delegation, Elina Steinerte, appreciated the transparency of Botswana for opening her doors to them. Having had full and unimpeded access and visited 19 places of deprivation of liberty and confidentiality interviewing over 100 persons deprived of their liberty.

She mentioned “We commend Botswana for its openness in inviting the Working Group to conduct this visit which is the first visit of the Working Group to the Southern African region in over a decade. This is a further extension of the commitment to uphold international human rights obligations undertaken by Botswana through its ratification of international human rights treaties.”

Another good act Botswana has been praised for is the remission of sentences. Steinerte echoed that the Prisons Act grants remission of one third of the sentence to anyone who has been imprisoned for more than one month unless the person has been sentenced to life imprisonment or detained at the President’s Pleasure or if the remission would result in the discharge of any prisoner before serving a term of imprisonment of one month.

On the other side; The Group received testimonies about the police using excessive force, including beatings, electrocution, and suffocation of suspects to extract confessions. Of which when the suspects raised the matter with the magistrates, medical examinations would be ordered but often not carried out and the consideration of cases would proceed.

“The Group recall that any such treatment may amount to torture and ill-treatment absolutely prohibited in international law and also lead to arbitrary detention. Judicial authorities must ensure that the Government has met its obligation of demonstrating that confessions were given without coercion, including through any direct or indirect physical or undue psychological pressure. Judges should consider inadmissible any statement obtained through torture or ill-treatment and should order prompt and effective investigations into such allegations,” said Steinerte.

One of the group’s main concern was the DIS held suspects for over 48 hours for interviews. Established under the Intelligence and Security Service Act, the Directorate of Intelligence and Security (DIS) has powers to arrest with or without a warrant.

The group said the “DIS usually requests individuals to come in for an interview and has no powers to detain anyone beyond 48 hours; any overnight detention would take place in regular police stations.”

The Group was able to visit the DIS facilities in Sebele and received numerous testimonies from persons who have been taken there for interviewing, making it evident that individuals can be detained in the facility even if the detention does not last more than few hours.

Moreover, while arrest without a warrant is permissible only when there is a reasonable suspicion of a crime being committed, the evidence received indicates that arrests without a warrant are a rule rather than an exception, in contravention to article 9 of the Covenant.

Even short periods of detention constitute deprivation of liberty when a person is not free to leave at will and in all those instances when safeguards against arbitrary detention are violated, also such short periods may amount to arbitrary deprivation of liberty.

The group also learned of instances when persons were taken to DIS for interviewing without being given the possibility to notify their next of kin and that while individuals are allowed to consult their lawyers prior to being interviewed, lawyers are not allowed to be present during the interviews.

The UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention mentioned they will continue engaging in the constructive dialogue with the Government of Botswana over the following months while they determine their final conclusions in relation to the country visit.

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Stan Chart halts civil servants property loan facility

26th July 2022
Stan-Chart

Standard Chartered Bank Botswana (SCBB) has informed the government that it will not be accepting new loan applications for the Government Employees Motor Vehicle and Residential Property Advance Scheme (GEMVAS and LAMVAS) facility.

This emerges in a correspondence between Acting Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Finance Boniface Mphetlhe and some government departments. In a letter he wrote recently to government departments informing them of the decision, Mphetlhe indicated that the Ministry received a request from the Bank to consider reviewing GEMVAS and LAMVAS agreement.

He said: “In summary SCBB requested the following; Government should consider reviewing GEMVAS and LAMVAS interest rate from prime plus 0.5% to prime plus 2%.” The Bank indicated that the review should be both for existing GEMVAS and LAMVAS clients and potential customers going forward.

Mphetlhe said the Bank informed the Ministry that the current GEMVAS and LAMVAS interest rate structure results into them making losses, “as the cost of loa disbursements is higher that their end collections.”

He said it also requested that the loan tenure for the residential property loans to be increased from 20 to 25 years and the loan tenure for new motor vehicles loans to be increased from 60 months to 72 months.

Mphetlhe indicated that the Bank’s request has been duly forwarded to the Directorate of Public Service Management for consideration, since GEMVAS and LAMVAS is a Condition of Service Scheme. He saidthe Bank did also inform the Ministry that if the matter is not resolved by the 6th June, 2022, they would cease receipt of new GEMVAS and LAMVAS loan applications.

“A follow up virtual meeting was held to discuss their resolution and SCB did confirm that they will not be accepting any new loans from GEMVAS and LAMVAS. The decision includes top-up advances,” said Mphetlhe. He advised civil servants to consider applying for loans from other banks.

In a letter addressed to the Ministry, SCBB Chief Executive Officer Mpho Masupe informed theministry that, “Reference is made to your letter dated 18th March 2022 wherein the Ministry had indicated that feedback to our proposal on the above subject is being sought.”

In thesame letter dated 10 May 2022, Masupe stated that the Bank was requesting for an update on the Ministry’s engagements with the relevant stakeholder (Directorate of Public Service Management) and provide an indicative timeline for conclusion.

He said the “SCBB informs the Ministry of its intention to cease issuance of new loans to applicants from 6th June 2022 in absence of any feedback on the matter and closure of the discussions between the two parties.”  Previously, Masupe had also had requested the Ministry to consider a review of clause 3 of the agreement which speaks to the interest rate charged on the facilities.

Masupe indicated in the letter dated 21 December 2021 that although all the Banks in the market had signed a similar agreement, subject to amendments that each may have requested. “We would like to suggest that our review be considered individually as opposed to being an industry position as we are cognisant of the requirements of section 25 of the Competition Act of 2018 which discourages fixing of pricing set for consumers,” he said.

He added that,“In this way,clients would still have the opportunity to shop around for more favourable pricing and the other Banks, may if they wish to, similarly, individually approach your office for a review of their pricing to the extent that they deem suitable for their respective organisations.”

Masupe also stated that: “On the issue of our request for the revision of the Interest Rate, we kindly request for an increase from the current rate of prime plus 0.5% to prime plus 2%, with no other increases during the loan period.” The Bank CEO said the rationale for the request to review pricing is due to the current construct of the GEMVAS scheme which is currently structured in a way that is resulting in the Bank making a loss.

“The greater part of the GEMVAS portfolio is the mortgage boo which constitutes 40% of the Bank’s total mortgage portfolio,” said Masupe. He saidthe losses that the Bank is incurring are as a result of the legacy pricing of prime plus 0% as the 1995 agreement which a slight increase in the August 2018 agreement to prime plus 0.5%.

“With this pricing, the GEMVAS portfolio has not been profitable to the Bank, causing distress and impeding its ability to continue to support government employees to buy houses and cars. The portfolio is currently priced at 5.25%,” he said.  Masupe said the performance of both the GEMVAS home loan and auto loan portfolios in terms of profitability have become unsustainable for the Bank.

Healso said, when the agreement was signed in August 2018, the prime lending rate was 6.75% which made the pricing in effect at the time sufficient from a profitable perspective. “It has since dropped by a total 1.5%. The funds that are loaned to customers are sourced at a high rate, which now leaves the Bank with marginal profits on the portfolio before factoring in other operational expenses associated with administration of the scheme and after sales care of the portfolio,” said the CEO.

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