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Friday, 19 April 2024

 Ishkur-Adad Parts the Red Sea

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… and obliterates the entire Egyptian army using HAARP technology and Directed Energy Weaponry

The Israelites’ first stop on the great trek toward Arabia, General Atiku,  was a place known as Succouth, about 120 km south of today’s Port of Suez. This was exactly 3 days after their departure from Goshen.

The Succouth stop, General, was not meant for an overnight rest. Within the Succouth region and near Serabit El Khadim were two Egyptian controlled copper and turquoise mines where Israelite slaves toiled without pay. Thus Moses ordered a stop there to collect the Israelite miners, a gesture which was in keeping with the terms of the exodus he had negotiated with Pharaoh Ramesses.

From Succouth, General, Moses led the Nation of Israel to Migdol, the Egyptians’ three-way look-out point, which was about 500 km from Egypt. At Migdol, the Egyptians, who were keeping tabs on the huge Israelite procession, kept meticulously trained homing pigeons – organic couriers of messages between Egypt and the Sinai Peninsula. The Egyptians had used courier pigeons since 2400 BC. The moment the Egyptian sentries observed the approach of Israelite hordes, they immediately dispatched one or two homing pigeons to the Pharaoh’s palace to alert him accordingly. Homing pigeons flew at a speed of 100 km per hour and so in only 5 hours’ time, Ramesses would have received the message.

From Migdol, General, the Israelites proceeded to Etham, where they reached “a dead end”. Etham was surrounded by mountains 300 metres high. This made the Israelites a sitting target in case the Egyptians pursued after them. With such a rude awakening, Ishkur-Adad, the executive Anunnaki Enlilite god,  had a rethink and had his people retrace their way back to the plain at the foot of Migdol, where they were to camp. It seems, General, that these back-and-forth manouevres were also a strategy on the part of Adad to confuse the Egyptians.

Next, the Israelites moved to Pi-Hahiroth, around the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula. Pi-Hahiroth was located on the shores of the Gulf of Aqaba, that is, between Migdol and the eastern arm of the Red Sea.

To date, General, the Israelites had been moving through the “Wilderness of Egypt”. The Wilderness of Egypt was the V-shaped area of land between the Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Aqaba. Today, it is known as the Sinai Peninsula.

EGYPTIAN FORCES HEM IN ON ISRAELITE CONTINGENT

The Israelites camped for 8 days at Pi-Hahiroth. This is curious, General: if the Israelites were pressed for time to get to Arabia, why did Adad let them procrastinate for so long?

The Bible itself provides the answer in EXODUS 4:14, General, which reads thus: “Thus I will make the heart of Pharaoh steadfast, so he will pursue after them. Then I shall indeed be glorified in Pharaoh and in all his army; and the Egyptians will know that I am Yahweh. Hence they did so.”

Once again, General, we see Adad’s mind manipulation artifice at work here. Adad’s intention was to perform a great “miracle” that would astonish both the Egyptians and the Israelites – the parting of the Red Sea, that is, the Gulf of Aqaba. He wanted the Egyptians to be firsthand witnesses to this extraordinary feat so it could be the talk of the day. So what does he do, General? He uses his long-honed mind-control tricks to work on the psyche of Ramesses so that he (Ramesses) makes a rash decision to give fervid chase after the Israelites.

So the moment Ramesses received the message delivered by the homing pigeons – that the Israelites were now camped at the foot of Migdol (before they set off for Pi-Hahiroth) – he sent a 600-man strong chariotry after them. His excuse was that the Israelites had tactfully (that is, by way of deceptive borrowing) purloined a priceless amount of gold and silver from his people and he wanted this returned before they crossed the Gulf of Aqaba.

Since the Egyptian army were horse-mounted, they arrived at Pi-Hahiroth much faster than the Israelites did. But they did not attack the Israelites there and then, General, as they were intimidated by Adad’s formidable-looking flying saucer which kept vigil over the Israelites day in and day out.

Seeing that the Egyptian forces were now on the scene, Adad decided to get his people to cross the sea using the Straits of Tiran, which linked Arabia to the Sinai Peninsula. To effectually do that humanly speaking, they would have required thousands of ferries, which would have taken months to construct. The quickest passage was by way of none other than a miracle. How was this miracle to be effected, General?

MOSES OPTS FOR STRAITS OF TIRAN

According to the Bible, the Israelites were presently camped at Pi-Hahiroth (meaning “Mouth of Water” as it was located on the rims of a bay that was shaped, roughly, like a cross-section of an open mouth). Pi-Hahiroth was located around the southern edge of the Sinai Peninsula and overlooked the island of Baal-Zaphon (EXODUS 14:1-4), a rather visible marker across the Gulf of Aqaba, the eastern arm of the three-prong Red Sea.

Baal Zaphon (also called Mt. Tiran) is a half-kilometre-high mountain on Tiran Island in present-day Saudi Arabia. Baal Zaphon means “Lord of the North”. The Lord of the North as we well know, General, was Utu-Shamash, Enlil-Jehovah’s most prominent grandson. He was so-called because it was he who oversaw Baalbek (also known as the Crest of Zaphon), the Anunnaki aeronautical landing place which is located in present-day Lebanon, which indeed is north of Israel.

What that implies, General, is that although Baal-Zaphon was south of the Arabian mainland, it was controlled by Utu-Shamash, the Lord of the northern-located Crest of Zaphon. Thus the three major Enlilite gods of the day – Nannar-Sin, Ishkur-Adad, and Utu-Shamash – were all based in Arabia at the time of the Exodus, with Nannar-Sin as the seniormost of them all. It explains, General, why Nannar-Sin in due course became the Allah of Islam, a religion that was spawned in Arabia.

The Israelites did not linger long at Pi-Hahiroth. Remember, General, they were using a route previously unexplored. They decided to vacate Pi-Hahiroth because they were kind of boxed in by the high mountains surrounding them, which would make them a sitting target to the Egyptian army in case it pounced (EXODUS 14:3). Accordingly, they headed due northeast for a place known as the Straits of Tiran. Why, General, did Moses opt for the Straits of Tiran?

The Straits of Tiran is a natural land bridge that links the Sinai Peninsula to the Arabian mainland. About 18 km long and 0.8 km wide, it is the shallowest stretch of the Gulf of Aqaba. It actually comprises of two lanes. The one, called the Enterprise Passage, is 205 metres deep, and the other, called the Grafton Passage, is only 70 metres deep.

Thus the Straits of Tiran was Moses’ best bet if he and his people were to cross the Gulf of Aqaba. But exactly how, General, since 70 metres was by no means a walkable depth and the Israelites were no fishes but humans who breathed open-air oxygen through their nostrils?

ADAD PARTS THE GULF OF AQABA

The Bible says Moses had the Israelites cross the Red Sea when he miraculously parted one wall of water from another to allow for a dry-land walkway across. That, sadly, is an exaggeration, General. The person who parted the Red Sea was not Moses but the Anunnaki god Ishkur-Adad, the Jehovah of the Exodus.

He did this to impress both the Egyptians and the Israelites, having subliminally influenced Pharaoh Ramesses (by way of long-distance hypnotic, mind-control triggers) to come after them (EXODUS 14:8). But even Adad did not perform a miracle, General: he used HAARP technology and a Directed Energy Weapon (DEW).

When we acknowledge the parting of the Red Sea, we’re simply giving the Bible the benefit of the doubt. The incident is not recorded anywhere in the Egyptian annals, General. Yet our overriding impulse is that the Pentateuch writers would not simply have imagined it.

The other possibility we should allow for, General, is that the Straits of Tiran at the time was likely not as deep as it is today: its waters were probably only inches deep, so that it was easy for the Israelites to wade across it all the way to the Arabian shores.

The Bible also says when the Egyptian army surged forth to chase after the Israelite caravan, the waters resurged, hemmed them in, and had them perish. If Adad indeed did employ HAARP technology and DEW, such a scenario would have been possible: these precision technologies can trigger tsunamis instantaneously. But a counter to such a scenario, General,  is that once again, the mass perishing of the Egyptian army in a watery disaster as they pursued after the Israelites is not documented in ancient Egyptian archives.

In any case, General, the Egyptians would not have been so foolhardy as to charge at the Israelites when Adad’s Flying Saucer, which menacingly hovered around, would have easily unleashed dazzlingly swift and deadly tomahawk-like missiles at them.

So if indeed the Egyptian army did perish en masse, it was the result of Adad’s “magical” missiles rather than Frankenstein waters swallowing them in one fell swoop. Ramesses and his courtiers would have deemed it too humiliatingly stigmatic to admit to such a wondrous and wholesale annihilation of his forces and so they would have opted not to log it into the Egyptian archives for fear of losing face both before the body politic and posterity.

SEVENTH DAY REST BORE NO RELIGIOUS CONNOTATIONS WHATSOEVER

Still whilst the Israelites were camped in the Wilderness of Sin, General, Adad decided to set aside the last day of their week’s sojourn there whereby they were to desist from all kind of work and simply relax and possibly introspect on their movements to date as well as ponder the journey ahead.

This incident has been grossly distorted by some sections of Christendom to mean Adad sanctified the 7th day, Saturday, as a holy day. Sadly, that is way out of context, General, as the official ordainment of the Sabbath took place much later.

If you objectively read the context of the story in the 16th chapter of Exodus, General, you won’t see any religious underpinnings whatsoever. At this stage, all Adad wanted was for the Israelites to simply rest on the 7th day of their arrival in the Wilderness of Sin.

He thought they desperately needed a leisurely day given that over the week they had been busy catching, salting, and drying quails (the quails were so plenteous they “covered the camp”(EXODUS 16:13). In any case, the quails had stopped arriving on the evening of the 6th day, so that when some of the wayward Israelites continued to look out for them on the 7th day regardless of Adad’s edict that they desist from all work of any kind, they saw none (EXODUS 16:27).

The fact that Adad intended the Israelites to do utterly nothing on the 7th day is suggested in EXODUS 16:23, where Moses exhorts them to cook and bake enough on the 6th day so that they won’t need to do that on the 7th day.

Thus the observance of the 7th day in the Wilderness of Sin, General, had nothing to do with spirituality: it was simply about total abstinence from work, an off-duty sort of scenario. Indeed, there is nowhere in EXODUS 16, General, where Moses enjoins the Israelites to set about worshipping Adad.

At this stage, the Israelites simply were not ready to devotionally dedicate themselves to Adad as they still were wracked with doubts. A recurring word in EXODUS 16 is “grumbling”. The Israelites were full of gripes and remonstrations against Adad, an obdurately stubborn tendency that greatly troubled Moses.

That said, the number 7 was a significant one to the Enlilites, General, in that it was the number of their leader overall, Jehovah-Enlil, as well as the number of the planet Earth when counted from the direction of the planet Pluto. In the creation story in the opening passages of Genesis, the Elohim (the ruling pantheon of the Anunnaki) are said to have rested from the creation process on the 7th day.

Of course General  we now know, courtesy of the Sumerian records, which predated Genesis by about 3000 years and on whose contents the Genesis writers substantially drew upon, that it was Enki, the great Anunnaki scientist who genetically engineered Adam into existence, who rested on the 7th day of his arrival on Earth 432,000 years ago. Enki’s rest was not from creating the world: it was from the toils of setting up his residential estate at Eridu (from which the word Earth derives) in modern-day Iraq.

WHY ADAD ACTED AT THE TIME HE DID

When Ishkur-Adad retrieved the Nation of Israel from Egypt circa 1335 BC, General, he aimed at attaining three objectives primarily.

The first was to fulfill the promise the Enlilites, the Anunnaki clan of Jehovah-Enlil, had made to Abraham in 2041 BC. If you recall, General, that year Amar-Sin, the King of Ur (in today’s Iraq) formed a coalition of four Kings of the East (Mesopotamia, today’s Iraq) under the auspices of the wayward and debauched Anunnaki goddess Inanna-Ishtar and deployed them into war against the Five Kings of the West (Canaan).

Inanna’s principal goal was to capture the Anunnaki spaceport in the Sinai Peninsula and thereafter declare herself the Queen of Earth at the expense of Marduk (an Enkite and her mortal enemy), whose ascendancy to the lordship of Earth (due in 2220 BC, the mathematical onset of the astrological Age of Aries but still a bone of contention visually as the Taurus constellation still was prominent in the night sky) was long overdue but towards which he was striving day in and day out anyway.

Having picked up intelligence from as early as 2048 BC as to what Inanna was up to, Nannar-Sin, Inanna’s father, commissioned Abraham, a crack military general, to set course for Canaan with an elite corps of cavalrymen and cordon off the spaceport. General Abe performed suitably in this regard when he duly intercepted and repelled the Eastern armies miles well before they could reach the spaceport.

An exhilarated Sin undertook to Abraham that as a reward for the feat he had performed, his descendants were to take possession of Canaan (which was presently inhabited mainly by the descendants of Noah’s son Ham) in the fullness of time (GENESIS 15:18-21). Canaan was henceforth referred to as the Promised Land by the Jews.

Sin reiterated the promise to Abraham’s son Isaac (GENESIS 26:3) and his grandson Jacob (GENESIS 28:13). It was now 700 years since Canaan was pledged to Abraham and Adad, Sin’s younger brother, decided it was time the Enlilites made good on their promise.

The second reason Adad decided to remove the Jews from Egypt to Canaan, General, was to right the wrongs of the past at the expense of the descendants of Shem. You will recall, General, that after the Deluge, Noah produced three children in the same year from three different mothers.

These were Shem, Japheth and Ham. When the known world was partitioned between the Enkites and Enlilites, it was on the basis of the offspring of these three. Japheth’s people were allotted Europe; Shem’s people the Middle East; and Ham’s people Africa and the Arabian land mass. Shem and Japheth were under the tutelage of Enlilites, whereas Ham was under the tutelage of Enkites.

The land that later came to be known as Canaan was accordingly and legally inhabited by Semites, Shem’s people, with Ham’s people (Hamites) concentrated in north Africa. For some reason, the most influential Hamites were the descendants of Canaan, Ham’s fourth-born son.

When Set waged war against Horus over the control of Egypt, he rallied to himself Canaan’s people. And when he invaded the land that came to be known as Canaan circa 8970 BC, his army largely comprised of Canaan’s people. Canaan’s people drove away Shem’s people from the appropriated land and settled in it. That’s how it came to be known as Canaan.

Set’s seizure of the land of Canaan, General, was illegal as it was a flagrant breach of the terms of the partition of the known world. Thus it was that in 1335 BC, Adad decided it was time Canaan was repossessed and populated by a people to whom it rightly belonged – the Semites.

Although the term Semites included both Arabs (descendants of Esau and Ishmael) and Jews (descendants of Jacob), in this context it applied only to the descendants of Jacob (who was also known as Israel) because it was to Isaac and Jacob Canaan was pledged and not to Ishmael or Esau.

Finally, General, Adad was in a hurry to remove the Jews from Egypt to Canaan because King Anu of Nibiru, “Our Father Who Art In Heaven”, was expected to touch down on Earth in about 700 years’ time. Anu was to land on Earth via the new spaceport in the Americas and was to be feted in what was already designated as the future capital of the world – Jerusalem.

By that time, Canaan as Anu’s host country had to be in the hands of the Jews, the Enlilites’ chosen people. The Enlilites had to be in charge of the affairs not only of Canaan but of the whole world. Anu would be received not by Marduk, the legal Chief Executive of Earth, but by a member of the Enlilite top brass.

Ideally, this was Nannar-Sin, who was the legal (not the lineal) heir of Jehovah-Enlil. But as we have long demonstrated, General, as Anu’s arrival neared, the Enlilites began to contend for the right to host Anu. The main contenders were Sin, Adad, and Utu-Shamash.

NEXT WEEK: MOSES PERPETUATES HIS SEED

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GONE FISHING

28th March 2023

In recent years, using personal devices in working environments has become so commonplace it now has its own acronym, BOYD (Bring Your Own Device).  But as employees skip between corporate tools and personal applications on their own devices, their actions introduce a number of possible risks that should be managed and mitigated with careful consideration.  Consider these examples:

Si-lwli, a small family-run business in Wales, is arguably as niche a company as you could find, producing talking toys used to promote the Welsh language. Their potential market is small, with only some 300,000 Welsh language speakers in the world and in reality the business is really more of a hobby for the husband-and-wife team, who both still have day jobs.  Yet, despite still managing to be successful in terms of sales, the business is now fighting for survival after recently falling prey to cybercriminals. Emails between Si-Iwli and their Chinese suppliers were intercepted by hackers who altered the banking details in the correspondence, causing Si-Iwli to hand over £18,000 (around P ¼ m) to the thieves. That might not sound much to a large enterprise, but to a small or medium business it can be devastating.

Another recent SMB hacking story which appeared in the Wall Street Journal concerned Innovative Higher Ed Consulting (IHED) Inc, a small New York start-up with a handful of employees. IHED didn’t even have a website, but fraudsters were able to run stolen credit card numbers through the company’s payment system and reverse the charges to the tune of $27,000, around the same loss faced by Si-Iwli.  As the WSJ put it, the hackers completely destroyed the company, forcing its owners to fold.

And in May 2019, the city of Baltimore’s computer system was hit by a ransomware attack, with hackers using a variant called RobinHood. The hack, which has lasted more than a month, paralysed the computer system for city employees, with the hackers demanding a payment in Bitcoin to give access back to the city.

Of course, hackers target governments or business giants  but small and medium businesses are certainly not immune. In fact, 67% of SMBs reported that they had experienced a cyber attack across a period of 12 months, according to a 2018 survey carried out by security research firm Ponemon Institute. Additionally, Verizon issued a report in May 2019 that small businesses accounted for 43% of its reported data breaches.  Once seen as less vulnerable than PCs, smartphone attacks are on the rise, with movements like the Dark Caracal spyware campaign underlining the allure of mobile devices to hackers. Last year, the US Federal Trade Commission released a statement calling for greater education on mobile security, coming at a time when around 42% of all Android devices are believed to not carry the latest security updates.

This is an era when employees increasingly use their smartphones for work-related purposes so is your business doing enough to protect against data breaches on their employees’ phones? The SME Cyber Crime Survey 2018 carried out for risk management specialists AON showed that more than 80% of small businesses did not view this as a threat yet if as shown, 67% of SMBs were said to have been victims of hacking, either the stats are wrong or business owners are underestimating their vulnerability.  A 2019 report by PricewaterhouseCoopers suggests the latter, stating that the majority of global businesses are unprepared for cyber attacks.

Consider that a workstation no longer means a desk in an office: It can be a phone in the back of a taxi or Uber; a laptop in a coffee shop, or a tablet in an airport lounge.  Wherever the device is used, employees can potentially install applications that could be harmful to your business, even from something as seemingly insignificant as clicking on an accidental download or opening a link on a phishing email.  Out of the physical workplace, your employees’ activities might not have the same protections as they would on a company-monitored PC.

Yet many businesses not only encourage their employees to work remotely, but assume working from coffee shops, bookstores, and airports can boost employees’ productivity.  Unfortunately, many remote hot spots do not provide secure Wi-Fi so if your employee is accessing their work account on unsecured public Wi-Fi,  sensitive business data could be at risk. Furthermore, even if your employee uses a company smartphone or has access to company data through a personal mobile device, there is always a chance data could be in jeopardy with a lost or stolen device, even information as basic as clients’ addresses and phone numbers.

BOYDs are also at risk from malware designed to harm and infect the host system, transmittable to smartphones when downloading malicious third-party apps.  Then there is ransomware, a type of malware used by hackers to specifically take control of a system’s data, blocking access or threatening to release sensitive information unless a ransom is paid such as the one which affected Baltimore.  Ransomware attacks are on the increase,  predicted to occur every 14 seconds, potentially costing billions of dollars per year.

Lastly there is phishing – the cyber equivalent of the metaphorical fishing exercise –  whereby  cybercriminals attempt to obtain sensitive data –usernames, passwords, credit card details –usually through a phoney email designed to look legitimate which directs the user to a fraudulent website or requests the data be emailed back directly. Most of us like to think we could recognize a phishing email when we see it, but these emails have become more sophisticated and can come through other forms of communication such as messaging apps.

Bottom line is to be aware of the potential problems with BOYDs and if in doubt,  consult your IT security consultants.  You can’t put the own-device genie back in the bottle but you can make data protection one of your three wishes!

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“I Propose to Diana Tonight”

28th March 2023

About five days before Princess Diana and Dodi Al Fayed landed in Paris, General Atiku, a certain Edward Williams was taking a walk in a woods in the Welsh town of Mountain Ash. Williams, then 73, was a psychic of some renown. He had in the past foretold assassination attempts on US President Ronald Reagan, which occurred on March 30, 1981, and Pope John Paul II, which came to pass on May 13, 1981.

As he trudged the woods, Williams  had a sudden premonition that pointed to Diana’s imminent fate as per Christopher Andersen’s book The Day Diana Died. “When the vision struck me, it was as if everything around me was obscured and replaced by shadowy figures,” Williams was later to reminisce. “In the middle was the face of Princess Diana. Her expression was sad and full of pathos. She was wearing what looked like a floral dress with a short dark cardigan. But it was vague. I went cold with fear and knew it was a sign that she was in danger.”

Williams hastily beat a retreat to his home, which he shared with his wife Mary, and related to her his presentiment, trembling like an aspen leaf as he did so. “I have never seen him so upset,” Mary recounted. “He felt he was given a sign and when he came back from his walk he was deeply shaken.”

The following day, Williams frantically sauntered into a police station to inform the police of his premonition. The officer who attended to him would have dismissed him as no more than a crackpot but he treated him seriously in view of the accuracy of his past predictions. He  took a statement and immediately passed it on to the Special Branch Investigative  Unit.

The report read as follows:

“On 27 August, at 14:12 hrs, a man by the name of Edward Williams came to Mountain Ash police station. He said he was a psychic and predicted that Princess Diana was going to die. In previous years, he has predicted that the Pope and Ronald Reagan were going to be the victims of assassination attempts. On both occasions he was proved to be correct. Mr Williams appeared to be quite normal.”

Williams, General, was spot-on as usual: four days later, the princess was no more.

Meanwhile, General,  even as Dodi and Diana were making their way to the Fayed-owned Ritz Hotel in central Paris, British newspapers were awash with headlines that suggested Diana was kind of deranged. Writes Andrew Morton in Diana in Pursuit of Love: “In The Independent Diana was described as ‘a woman with fundamentally nothing to say about anything’. She was ‘suffering from a form of arrested development’. ‘Isn’t it time she started using her head?’ asked The Mail on Sunday. The Sunday Mirror printed a special supplement entitled ‘A Story of Love’; The News of the World claimed that William had demanded that Diana should split from Dodi: ‘William can’t help it, he just doesn’t like the man.’ William was reportedly ‘horrified’ and ‘doesn’t think Mr Fayed is good for his mother’ – or was that just the press projecting their own prejudices? The upmarket Sunday Times newspaper, which had first serialised my biography of the princess, now put her in the psychiatrist’s chair for daring to be wooed by a Muslim. The pop-psychologist Oliver James put Diana ‘On the Couch’, asking why she was so ‘depressed’ and desperate for love. Other tabloids piled in with dire prognostications – about Prince Philip’s hostility to the relationship, Diana’s prospect of exile, and the social ostracism she would face if she married Dodi.”

DIANA AND DODI AT THE RITZ

Before Diana and Dodi departed the Villa Windsor sometime after 16 hrs, General, one of Dodi’s bodyguards Trevor Rees-Jones furtively asked Diana as to what the programme for the evening was. This Trevor did out of sheer desperation as Dodi had ceased and desisted from telling members of his security detail, let alone anyone else for that matter, what his onward destination was for fear that that piece of information would be passed on to the paparazzi. Diana kindly obliged Trevor though her response was terse and scarcely revealing. “Well, eventually we will be going out to a restaurant”, that was all Diana said. Without advance knowledge of exactly what restaurant that was, Trevor and his colleagues’ hands were tied: they could not do a recce on it as was standard practice for the security team of a VIP principal.  Dodi certainly, General, was being recklessly by throwing such caution to the winds.

At about 16:30, Diana and Dodi drew up at the Ritz Hotel, where they were received by acting hotel manager Claude Roulet.  The front entrance of the hotel was already crawling with paparazzi, as a result of which the couple took the precaution of using the rear entrance, where hopefully they would make their entry unperturbed and unmolested. The first thing they did when they were ensconced in the now $10,000 a night Imperial Suite was to spend some time on their mobiles and set about touching base with friends, relations, and associates.  Diana called at least two people, her clairvoyant friend Rita Rogers and her favourite journalist Richard Kay of The Daily Mail.

Rita, General,  was alarmed that Diana had proceeded to venture to Paris notwithstanding the warning she had given Dodi and herself in relation to what she had seen of him  in the crystal ball when the couple had consulted her. When quizzed as to what the hell she indeed was doing in Paris at that juncture, Diana replied that she and Dodi had simply come to do some shopping, which though partially true was not the material reason they were there. “But Diana, remember what I told Dodi,” Rita said somewhat reprovingly. Diana a bit apprehensively replied, “Yes I remember. I will be careful. I promise.” Well,  she did not live up to her promise as we shall soon unpack General.

As for Richard Kay, Diana made known to him that, “I have decided I am going to radically change my life. I am going to complete my obligations to charities and to the anti-personnel land mines cause, but in November I want to completely withdraw from formal public life.”

Once she was done with her round of calls, Diana went down to the hair saloon by the hotel swimming pool to have her hair washed and blow-dried ahead of the scheduled evening dinner.

THE “TELL ME YES” RING IS DELIVERED

Since the main object of their Paris trip was to pick up the “Tell Me Yes” engagement ring  Dodi had ordered in Monte Carlo a week earlier, Dodi decided to check on Repossi Jewellery, which was right within the Ritz prencincts, known as the Place Vendome.  It could have taken less than a minute for Dodi to get to the store on foot but he decided to use a car to outsmart the paparazzi invasion. He was driven there by Trevor Rees-Jones, with Alexander Kez Wingfield and Claude Roulet following on foot, though he entered the shop alone.

The Repossi store had closed for the holiday season but Alberto Repossi, accompanied by his wife and brother-in-law,  had decided to travel all the way from his home in Monaco  and momentarily open it for the sake of the potentially highly lucrative  Dodi transaction.  Alberto, however, disappointed Dodi as the ring he had chosen was not the one  he produced. The one he showed Dodi was pricier and perhaps more exquisite but Dodi  was adamant that he wanted the exact one he had ordered as that was what Diana herself had picked. It was a ploy  on the part of Repossi to make a real killing on the sale, his excuse to that effect being that Diana deserved a ring tha was well worthy of her social pedigree.  With Dodi having expressed disaffection, Repossi rendered his apologies and assured Dodi he would make the right ring available shortly, whereupon Dodi repaired back to the hotel to await its delivery. But Dodi  did insist nonetheless that the pricier ring be delivered too in case it appealed to Diana anyway.

Repossi delivered the two rings an hour later. They were collected by Roulet. On inspecting them, Dodi chose the very one he had seen in Monte Carlo, apparently at the insistence of Diana.  There is a possibility that Diana, who was very much aware of her public image and was not comfortable with ostentatious displays of wealth, may have deliberately shown an interest in a less expensive engagement ring. It  may have been a purely romantic as opposed to a prestigious  choice for her.

The value of the ring, which was found on a wardrobe shelf in Dodi’s apartment after the crash,  has been estimated to be between $20,000 and $250,000 as Repossi has always refused to be drawn into revealing how much Dodi paid for it. The sum, which enjoyed a 25 percent discount, was in truth paid for not by Dodi himself but by his father as was the usual practice.

Dodi was also shown Repossi’s sketches for a bracelet, a watch, and earrings which he proposed to create if Diana approved of them.

DIANA AND DODI GUSH OVER IMMINENT NUPTIALS

At about 7 pm,  Dodi and Diana left the Ritz and headed for Dodi’s apartment at a place known as the Arc de Trompe. They went there to properly tog themselves out for the scheduled evening dinner. They spent two hours at the luxurious apartment. As usual, the ubiquitous paparazzi were patiently waiting for them there.

As they lingered in the apartment, Dodi beckoned over to his butler Rene Delorm  and showed him  the engagement ring. “Dodi came into my kitchen,” Delorm relates. “He looked into the hallway to check that Diana couldn’t hear and reached into his pocket and pulled out the box … He said, ‘Rene, I’m going to propose to the princess tonight. Make sure that we have champagne on ice when we come back from dinner’.” Rene described the ring as “a spectacular diamond encrusted ring, a massive emerald surrounded by a cluster of diamonds, set on a yellow and white gold band sitting in a small light-grey velvet box”.

Just before 9 pm, Dodi called the brother of his step-father, Hassan Yassen, who also was staying at the Ritz  that night, and told him that he hoped to get married to Diana by the end of the year.

Later that same evening, both Dodi and Diana would talk to Mohamed Al Fayed, Dodi’s dad, and make known to him their pre-nuptial intentions. “They called me and said we’re coming back  (to London) on Sunday (August 31) and on Monday (September 1) they are

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RAMADAN – The Blessed Month of Fasting

28th March 2023

Ramadan is the fasting month for Muslims, where over one billion Muslims throughout the world fast from dawn to sunset, and pray additional prayers at night. It is a time for inner reflection, devotion to Allah, and self-control. It is the ninth month in the Islamic calendar. As you read this Muslims the world over have already begun fasting as the month of Ramadan has commenced (depending on the sighting of the new moon).

‘The month of Ramadan is that in which the Qur’an was revealed as guidance for people, in it are clear signs of guidance and Criterion, therefore whoever of you who witnesses this month, it is obligatory on him to fast it. But whoever is ill or traveling let him fast the same number of other days, God desires ease for you and not hardship, and He desires that you complete the ordained period and glorify God for His guidance to you, that you may be grateful”. Holy Qur’an  (2 : 185)

Fasting during Ramadan is one of the five pillars upon which the structure of Islam is built. The other four are: the declaration of one’s belief in Allah’s oneness and in the message of Muhammad (PBUH); regular attendance to prayer; payment of zakaat (obligatory charity); and the pilgrimage to Mecca.

As explained in an earlier article, fasting includes total abstinence from eating, drinking, smoking, refraining from obscenity, avoiding getting into arguments and including abstaining from marital relations, from sunrise to sunset. While fasting may appear to some as difficult Muslims see it as an opportunity to get closer to their Lord, a chance to develop spiritually and at the same time the act of fasting builds character, discipline and self-restraint.

Just as our cars require servicing at regular intervals, so do Muslims consider Ramadan as a month in which the body and spirit undergoes as it were a ‘full service’. This ‘service’ includes heightened spiritual awareness both the mental and physical aspects and also the body undergoing a process of detoxification and some of the organs get to ‘rest’ through fasting.

Because of the intensive devotional activity fasting, Ramadan has a particularly high importance, derived from its very personal nature as an act of worship but there is nothing to stop anyone from privately violating Allah’s commandment of fasting if one chooses to do so by claiming to be fasting yet eating on the sly. This means that although fasting is obligatory, its observance is purely voluntary. If a person claims to be a Muslim, he is expected to fast in Ramadan.

 

The reward Allah gives for proper fasting is very generous. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) quotes Allah as saying: “All actions done by a human being are his own except fasting, which belongs to Me and I will reward it accordingly.” We are also told by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) that the reward for proper fasting is admittance into heaven.

Fasting earns great reward when it is done in a ‘proper’ manner. This is because every Muslim is required to make his worship perfect. For example perfection of fasting can be achieved through restraint of one’s feelings and emotions. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said that when fasting, a person should not allow himself to be drawn into a quarrel or a slanging match. He teaches us: “On a day of fasting, let no one of you indulge in any obscenity, or enter into a slanging match. Should someone abuse or fight him, let him respond by saying: ‘I am fasting!’”

This high standard of self-restraint fits in well with fasting, which is considered as an act of self-discipline. Islam requires us to couple patience with voluntary abstention from indulgence in our physical desires. The purpose of fasting helps man to attain a high degree of sublimity, discipline and self-restraint. In other words, this standard CAN BE achieved by every Muslim who knows the purpose of fasting and strives to fulfill it.

Fasting has another special aspect. It makes all people share in the feelings of hunger and thirst. In normal circumstances, people with decent income may go from one year’s end to another without experiencing the pangs of hunger which a poor person may feel every day of his life. Such an experience helps to draw the rich one’s conscience nearer to needs of the poor. A Muslim is encouraged to be more charitable and learns to give generously for a good cause.

Fasting also has a universal or communal aspect to it. As Muslims throughout the world share in this blessed act of worship, their sense of unity is enhanced by the fact that every Muslim individual joins willingly in the fulfillment of this divine commandment. This is a unity of action and purpose, since they all fast in order to be better human beings. As a person restrains himself from the things he desires most, in the hope that he will earn Allah’s pleasure, self-discipline and sacrifice become part of his nature.

The month of Ramadan can aptly be described as a “season of worship.” Fasting is the main aspect of worship in this month, because people are more attentive to their prayers, read the Qur’an more frequently and also strive to improve on their inner and outer character. Thus, their devotion is more complete and they feel much happier in Ramadan because they feel themselves to be closer to their Creator.

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