UTLWANANG GASENNELWE| LEMPOETSE KEETSALETSE| LESEDI KATSE
Ministry of Land Management, Water and Sanitation approved a request by Gaborone Hotel owner Bipin Aswathi to acquire more land within the hotel’s periphery, despite the decision resulting in displacement of informal sector traders, who have been in trading in the area for nearly 30 years.
Aswathi was awarded the extension of the land legally by the government through the Department of Lands in the Ministry of Land Management, Water and Sanitation Services in 2015 effectively evacuating the traders.
The 700m2 space extension has become the centre of dispute between hawkers and the hotel owner, with the war heightening during lockdown when the owner of the hotel capitalised on their absence by erecting a new fence.
The fence has since been removed following intense negotiations, but hawkers only have three months to move elsewhere. The grace period however is not inclusive of lockdown if at any point government imposes it during State of Emergence period. WeekendPost has established that the first hawker occupied the area in the early 90’s although he, together with tenths of others who came thereafter will now be disposed of the rewarding space in a blink of an eye.
This is notwithstanding that the hawkers have known no place other than the bus rank. They have therefore attached business and emotions to the place due to its traffic which leads to more customers whom they built over the years. In a separate interview Thusanang Bagwebi President, Kagiso Masupane said they slept in the freezing police cells over the weekend for their rights adding that their removal from their trading space at the bus rank is heart-breaking.
“We are sad by the development to push us out of this area. We are not happy at all. We came and settled here for a reason. This place brought us more traffic, more people and therefore more customers,” he emphasized.
He further asserted that nobody cares to listen to them and their cry, even government – possibly because of their social status. “We do not even have a direct Ministry responsible for us and our plight in our trading sphere,” he pointed out.
‘‘We are probably not listened to because we are from the lower hierarchy of socio-economic class, we are poor with no financial backbone and stand in our society that’s why they are easily pushing us out,’’ he lashed out.
The contentious matter have seen old wounds being licked following COVID-19 lockdown as a confrontation ensued between the hotel owner, the hawkers and the Police.
The move led to the erection of the fence by Aswathi during lockdown and subsequently the illegal removal of the same fence by hawkers who were later arrested. It is understood that the business magnate have since 2017 been engaging Thusanang Bagwebi Association, Botswana Informal Sector Association (BOISA) and the Botswana Federation of Trade Unions (BFTU).
“The misinformation and/or reluctance by the Gaborone City Council and Department of Land to ‘clarify’ Gaborone Hotel’s ownership of the (extended) land and the information was confirmed by the Department of Land, Anti-corruption unit on the 26th May 2020 as valid,” the 3 unions stated. Ministry of Lands Management, Water and Sanitation Services also confirmed the land ownership to the naturalized Motswana of Pakistan origin.
“An application for extension of lot 75830 was approved in 2014 to SNB Investment Botswana and an offer was made to the applicant in 2015. The extension, measuring 700m2 was made from a portion of the remainder of plot 13963. SNB Investment Botswana holds title to the land as of 22 June 2015. The extension belongs to Gaborone Hotel under SNB Investment Botswana,” Chief Public Relations Officer Alice Mmolawa told WeekendPost this week, speaking on behalf of Permanent Secretary Bonolo Khumotaka.
It is understood that Gaborone Hotel established that they had engaged Department of Lands and GCC for the past three years in an effort to avoid using force and legal proceedings against the hawkers even when prompted by Botswana Police on the 22 May 2020, after complete removal of the fence.
The move was confirmed by the business tycoon who told WeekendPost that: “I have been having consultations and negotiations with the hawkers through their unions since 2017 and I have been patient with them. I have consequently, this time around, given them three months ultimatum to have moved out of the place.” He stated that they have reached a common ground between the two parties and agreed that they would also withdraw the court case and police case.
This came after the hotel owner dragged them to court through an urgent application to force their removal from his place. Speaking to WeekendPost, Botswana Police Service Station Commander at Borakanelo Police, Superintendent Amos Solomon confirmed that the incident had been reported while stressing that both Aswathi and hawkers have been charged for separate offences.
“Both hotel owner and the hawkers were charged. The hotel owner was charged with erecting the fence during the COVID-19 lockdown and hawkers charged with causing malicious damage to private property,” he pointed out.
He further said that their cases will go to court as scheduled.
According to Solomon, if found guilty for contravening lockdown regulations, he emphasized that the hotel owner faces or is liable to P1000. In terms of malicious damage by the hawkers the sentence is 3 years of imprisonment or an amount of between P1000 and P2000. Contacted for a comment, Gaborone City Council Senior Public Relations Officer Segametsi Kebonang hinted to this publication that Council has no plans for the specific bus rank traders but has a master plan for all of them.
“We have a master plan, which is to register all the informal sectors traders and allocate them spaces which they are currently occupying in due time – so that they are formalized,” she highlighted. When asked on national broadcaster regarding the future of the bus rank hawkers being evacuated, Minister of Investment, Trade and Industry Peggy Serame also stated that they will be allocated spaces but she did not say where nor provide the timeline for that endeavour.
This state of affairs comes after BFTU and BOISA continue their efforts to implore the government of Botswana to review and implement regulations adapted to the needs of micro and small enterprises. These, they highlight, should be alongside the legislation of informal businesses, based on international best practices. “We call on GCC and the Department of Lands to prioritise the land challenges faced by hawkers and engage them to find a solution,” they concluded.
The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Dr. Lemogang Kwape says Botswana has not taken any position regarding the killing of a renowned human rights lawyer, Thulani Maseko, who was gunned down at his house in Mbabane, Eswatini.
In a brief interview with WeekendPost, Dr Kwape said Botswana has not yet taken any position regarding his death. He said the purported incident should be thoroughly probed before Botswana can form an opinion based on the findings of the inquiries.
â€śBotswana generally condemns any killing of human life by all means,â€ť says Dr. Kwape. He wouldnâ€™t want to be dragged on whether Botswana will support the suspension of Eswatini from SADC.
â€śWe will be guided by SADC organ Troika if they can be an emergency meeting. I am not sure when the meeting will be called by Namibian president,â€ś he said.
However, the Namibian president Hage Geingob notes with deep concern reports coming out of Eswatini about the killing of Mr. Maseko. In a statement, he called upon the â€śGovernment of the Kingdom of Eswatini to ensure that the killing of Maseko is swiftly, transparently and comprehensively investigated, and that any or all persons suspected of committing this heinous crime are brought to justice.â€ť
Maseko was chairperson of the Multi-Stakeholder Forum which was established as a coalition of non-State actors to advocate for a process of national political dialogue aimed at resolving the security and political challenges confronting the Kingdom.
â€śSADC expresses its deepest and heartfelt condolences to the family of Mr. Maseko, his friends, colleagues, and to the people of the Kingdom of Eswatini for the loss of Mr. Maseko. In this context, SADC further calls upon the people of the Kingdom of Eswatini to remain calm, exercise due care and consideration whilst the appropriate structures conduct the investigations and bring the matter to completion,â€ť the statement says.
Geingob reiterated the need for peaceful resolution of the political and security challenges affecting the country.
Meanwhile political activists are calling on SADC to suspend Eswatini from the block including the African Union as well.
State prosecutor, Seeletso Ookeditse revealed before the Broadhurst Magistrate Jobbie Moilatshimo that the third accused involved in the murder of Barulaganye Aston, has interfered with the State witnesses again.
The second and third accused (Lefty Kosie and Outlwile Aston) were previously accused of interference when they were caught in possession of cellphones in prison. They were further accused of planning to kill the deceasedâ€™s brother, who is currently the guardian to the children of the deceased.
Ookeditse indicated that Outlwile had earlier went to challenge the magistrateâ€™s decision of denying him bail at the High Court before Judge Michael Motlhabi.
â€śThe third accused approached the High Court and made a bail application, which was dismissed on the same day,â€ť Ookeditse said.
However, even after the High Court verdict on their bail application, the duo (Kosie and Aston) has once again applied for bail this week.
Ookeditse plead with the court to stop the accused from abusing the court process.
â€śYesterday, Directorate of Public Prosecutions (DPP) received papers of his bail application filed before the Broadhurst Magistrates Court. However, the papers do not speak to changed circumstances, therefore this back and forth about bail must be put to a stop,â€ť said the State prosecutor.
While giving evidence before court, the Investigations Officer, Detective Inspector Quite Zhalamonto, said his investigations have proved that there is interference continuing regarding the accused trio.
He told the court that on the 12thÂ of January 2023, he received a report from Thato Aston, who is the son of the accused and the deceased. The son had alleged to the Investigation Officer that he received a call from one Phillip Molwantwa.
According to Zhalamonto, Thato revealed that Molwatwa indicated that he was from prison on a visit to the Outlwile Aston and went on to ask where he was staying and where his siblings (Astonâ€™s children) are staying.
â€śThato revealed that Phillip went on to ask if he or his siblings saw their father murdering their mother, and he was referring to the crime scene. Thato told me that he, however, refused to answer the questions as he was afraid especially because he was asked about where him and his siblings stay,â€ť said Zhalamonto.
Zhalamonto alluded to the court that he then went to Orange to confirm the communication between Thato and Molwantwa where he found the case.
â€śI have arrested Philip yesterday and when I interviewed him, he did not deny that he knows Aston and that he has indeed called Thato and asked questions as to where him and his siblings resides even though he failed to give reasons for asking such questions,â€ť Zhalamonto told the court.
He further revealed that Molwantwa indicated that he had received a call from an unknown man who refused to reveal himself.
â€śPhillip told me that the unknown man said he was sent by the accused (Aston), and that Aston had instructed him to tell me to check if there was still some money in his bank accounts, and he also wanted to know where the kids were residing, the unknown man even asked him to meet at Main Mallâ€ť the Investigation Officer told the court.
He further informed the court that he is working tirelessly to identify the â€śunknown callerâ€ť and the route of the cell number.
Furthermore, the fourth accused,Â Kebaleboge Ntsebe, has revealed to the court through a letter that she was abused and tortured by the Botswana Police Services. She wrote in her letter that she suffered miscarriage as a result of being beaten by the police.
Ntsebe is on bail, while a bail ruling for Aston and Kosie will be delivered on the 6thÂ of next month
Cattle farmers from Eretsha and Habu in the Ngamiland district, supported by the Community Based Trade (CBT) project, recently generated over P300 000.00 for sales of 42 cattle to the Botswana Meat Commission (BMC) in Maun. This milestone was achieved through support from various stakeholders in conservation, commodity-based trade and the government, in collaboration with farmers. Ordinarily, these farmers would not have made this direct sale since the area is a designated Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) Red Zone.
Traditional livestock farming contributes toward livelihoods and formal employment in the North-West District (Ngamiland) of Botswana. However, primarily due to the increase in FMD outbreaks over the past two decades and predation by wildlife, the viability of livestock agriculture as a source of income has declined in the region. This has led to a greater risk of poverty and food insecurity. Access across the Okavango River (prior to the construction of a bridge) restricted access for farmers in Eretsha. This lack of access hampered sales of cattle beyond Shakawe, further discouraging farmers from investing in proper livestock management practices. This resulted in negative environmental impacts, poor livestock health and productivity.
To address this challenge, farmers are working with a consortium led by Conservation International (CI), with funding secured from the European Union (EU) to pilot a CBT beef project. The project focuses on supporting and enabling communal farmers to comply with standards and regulations that will improve their chances to access markets. An opportunity to earn higher income from cattle sales could incentivize the adoption of restorative rangelands management practices by farmers.
â€śWe spend a lot of money getting our cattle to Makalamabedi quarantine site, the herder spends on average two months taking care of the cattle before they are taken into quarantine â€“ that needs money. All these costs lead to us getting less money from BMC,â€ť said one of the farmers in the programme, Mr Monnaleso Mosanga.
Farmers that participate in the project agree for their cattle to be herded and kraaled communally by fulltime professional herders (eco-rangers). At the core of this pilot is the use of predator-proof bomas (cattle kraals), planned grazing systems and mobile quarantine bomas (electrified enclosures) for the cattle, facilitated in support with the Department of Veterinary Services. The first successful exit from the mobile quarantine bomas in the Habu and Eretsha villages, in December 2022, saw cattle quarantined on-site and directly transported to BMC in Maun. Farmers received almost double the average sales within this region, as costs including transportation to quarantine sites, herderâ€™s fees and other associated costs incurred before qualifying for BMC sales were no longer included.
“This pilot mobile quarantine is leveraging the techniques and protocols we are using at our current permanent quarantine sites, and we are still observing the results of the project. The outcome of this pilot will be presented to the World Organisation of Animal Health to assess its effectiveness and potentially be approved to be used elsewhere,â€ť said Dr Odireleng Thololwane, the Principal Veterinary Officer (Maun).