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Motswasele’s Prophecy

There is an old Sekwena saying: “Bakwena ba ga se bolaya kgosi”. Over the decades these words have been associated with the regicide of Kgosi Motswasele II who ruled the Bakwena c. 1807-1821. In Sekwena accounts his reign was characterised by internal discord, violent conflicts with neighbouring merafe, notably the Bangwaketse under the formidable military leadership of Makaba II, and early contacts with Europeans.

Motswasele came to the throne following a period of regency under his uncle Tshosa, who initiated him alongside his son Moruakgomo. Thereafter, Moruakgomo, remained bitter that his father had handed over power, believing that he had been thus denied the opportunity to rule.

Aided by Motswasele’s own transgressions, which are said to have included the arbitrary taking of his subject’s property and wives, Moruakgomo was able to gather a following. Sejo Monametse, the head of the Maunatlala ward was won over by a rumour that Motswasele intended to kill him.

Before his death, Motswasele was warned of the growing conspiracy against him by a certain Mojela. The Kgosi replied: “if they kill me they will not live together afterwards, but will fight among themselves”. And so it was the Kgosi, himself, summoned his last letsholo to directly confront the conspirators. As the regiments thus gathered outside of Shokwane on the morning of the hunt, Motswasele was separated from his own Mafiri mophato, before being surrounded and executed. Before his death he is supposed to have said:

“If you kill me now my people will not live together in peace for the ants of my father shall come to avenge me. First will come the black ants who will scatter them. Then will come the white (sometimes red or yellow) ants who will occupy the land and feed on the people.”

The black ants were subsequently identified with the Makgare or Makololo and Matebele, while the white ants became recognized as Maburu and Makgoa. The prophecy can be further understood with reference to the Setswana proverb – “The cause of the orphan is contested by the ants.” (“Molato wa khutsana o lwewa ke ditshowane”), which in the context of the regicide, can be interpreted as foreshadowing the subsequent struggles of Motswasele’s heir, Sechele.

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Builders of Botswana

The First Car To Cross Botswana

25th August 2020

The first crossing of Africa by motor vehicle was successfully completed on May 1, 1909 when First Lieutenant Paul Graetz (24/7/1875 – 16/2/1968) and his team arrived in Swakopmund having left Dar es Salaam on August 10, 1907. 

At a time when “Horseless Carriages” were still being dismissed as rich man’s toys many thought Graetz was mad to attempt his journey, one newspaper observing that he might as well drive to the moon.

The over 9,500 kilometre journey included a drive across the then Bechuanaland Protectorate, beginning in Palapye on January 10, 1909 and ending at the modern Namibia border in the vicinity of Charles Hill on March 13, 1909.

At Palapye Graetz was joined by an Australian named Henry Gould. This was after Graetz’s previous four German co-drivers had dropped out. The third member of the crew was also a local African named Wilhelm. The team set out along a route that took them through Serowe (where they were greeted by Kgosi Khama III), Khumaga, Rakops and Ghanzi.

Although the trip across Botswana began with torrential rains by the time the trio reached the Ghanzi farms they had come close to perishing of thirst; Gould in a delusional state having nearly killed himself sipping petrol.

Having set off from Palapye with 800 liters on petrol and 100 liters of oil on board, they found that the additional fuel at their designated Ghanzi region depot had not been sealed properly causing it to have evaporated. This resulted in the car being pulled by oxen into Ghanzi police post, after being rescued by a local farmer.

As reflected in the photo of the team’s departure from Palapye, Graetz is also distinguished for his experimentation with early colour photography. At the end of 1908 Graetz had found himself broke in Johannesburg, but managed to raise money to complete the journey through lectures featuring his groundbreaking colour images of the African interior. He would subsequently film his second, 1911-12, expedition across Africa by motorboat.

Upon completing his journey, Graetz was congratulated by the German Kaiser Wilhelm II and the British King Edward VII. The Kaiser subsequently greeted him in Hamburg when he and his car had returned to Germany.

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Builders of Botswana

Jaguars and Leopards – Stanley Lester

11th August 2020
Lester Leopard kitchen-

Until his death Stanley Mervyn Lester (c.1918-1967) was a leading Lobatse based business man. His store, “Lester Brothers”, specialized in building supplies. As such it was well positioned to prosper from the pre-independence construction boom in South-Eastern Botswana centered around the development of Gaborone.

Lester is, however, remembered as much for his flamboyance as business acumen. From the late 1950s he turned his comfortable farm, which for some time boasted the only swimming pool in the area as well as a tennis court, in to a holding centre for lions, cheetah and leopards.

Although kept behind a high fence the big cats were often allowed to run freely around the household, there seemingly benign interactions with members of the Lester household becoming the subject of amazement on the part of visitors, including members of the press. An October 1962 Reuters newsreel is posted online as part of the film library at www.britishpathe.com, which features leopards inspecting the family refrigerator and joining the younger Lesters during a tennis match.

Heads would also often turn when Mr. Lester drove around Lobatse in his red Jaguar Mark 1 with his favorite leopard “Bull” looking comfortable in the back seat. After being banished from South Africa following his discharge from the Treason Trial local ANC activist Fish Keitseng found employment as a foreman at the Lester Brothers store, where he worked off and on during the 1960s.

Lester’s respect for Comrade Fish was such that he recruited him rejoin the company after he had left it earlier when his responsibilities managing the ANC refugee pipeline had become a full time responsibility.

Photo: Stanley Lester and Bull raid the refrigerator.

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Builders of Botswana

Patrick Van Rensburg (Part 5)

28th July 2020

We left off at the end of September 1960 with arrangements having finally been made to allow a Ghana Airway’s flight to arrive at the then WENELA Francistown Aerodrome in order to evacuate Patrick Van Rensburg and eighteen other political refugees to Accra on a two day flight with stops in Elizabethville (Lubumbashi), Congo and Lagos, Nigeria.

After a brief stay in Accra, Van Rensburg was fortunate to get onward passage to London. There he once more became involved in the UK based Anti-Apartheid Movement, while further devoting much of his energy towards writing what would become his bestselling book “Guilty Land”, as an indictment of the Apartheid system.

He also co-authored another publication at the time, an Atlas of African Affairs. With the publications out of the way Van Rensburg was able to focus on an emerging vision of returning to Serowe to establishing a school.

Unable to return to South Africa, he began to think about working in the Bechuanaland Protectorate, which he perceived to be the safest and most appealing of the neighboring, then British ruled, High Commission Territories. By the end of 1961 he had acquired a British passport that would allow him to stay in the territory.

Van Rensburg was further encouraged in his ambition by others both outside and inside of the country, the later including Seretse Khama. Another key supporter was his lover and future wife Liz Griffin, who agreed to join him on an what would be an overland journey to reach the territory.

Thus it was that Van Rensburg took up permanent residence in the then Bechuanaland Protectorate in 1962 with the mission to build what would become Swaneng Hill School. The success of this project would lead him to also ultimately spearhead the  construction of Shashe and Madiba schools in association with the Botswana government, as well as the Swaneng Consumers Cooperative and Brigades Movement.

Photo: Lady Khama, Patrick Van Rensburg, Sir Seretse Khama, and Joe Rammekwe at Swaneng Hill school standing next to Seretse’s 1965 Chevrolet Impala.

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