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The Epic of Cain

Though vilified in the manner Judas is, Cain was a man of surpassing stature

In every sermon belted out from Christian pulpits, General Atiku, the Mark of Cain is invariably described as a curse. The notion is absurd as the Bible itself says, in GENESIS 4:15, that, “Then the Lord put a mark on Cain so that no one who found him would kill him”. The Mark of Cain was thus an insignia of protection: it was a preservative feature rather than a punitive measure, General. It was not a curse at all.

The curse was separate from the redemptive Mark of Cain. The curse is explained in GENESIS 4:11-12. It was expulsion from the Edin, the land where Cain had shed blood, and condemnation to a life of endless wondering into uncharted territory far and beyond. The Mark of Cain was meant to distinguish Cain for preservation during these wanderings. So exactly what was it, General?

The highly regarded Grail bloodline historian Laurence Gardner provides an answer that is corroborated by several other objective and meticulous sources thus: “As for the enigmatic mark placed upon Cain, this is probably the most important aspect of the story so far, because although not defined in the Bible, the Mark of Cain is the oldest recorded Grant of Arms in sovereign history. In the Midrash and Phoenician traditions, the Mark of Cain is defined as being a cross within a circle. [Which is also the astronomical/astrological symbol for Earth.] It was, in principle, a graphic representation of kingship, which the Hebrews called the Malkhut (‘Kingdom’; from the Akkadian word malku = sovereign).”

As Crown Prince, General,  Cain already had a mark that designated him as such, long before he killed Abel. This was a cross within a circle. The mark was also known as a Grant of Arms in that only a King or Crown Prince had the right to bear ceremonial arms. In point of fact, all cultures of antiquity bore distinct birthmarks that defined their ancestry. In the African culture, these typically took the form of incisions on the face mainly but also on other parts of the body such as over the heart or between the shoulders. In the days of the Anunnaki, birthmarks took the form of tattoos as they had the technology to indelibly imprint them.

In those days, there was no DNA testing (among Earthlings) as we know it today. As such, they had to find a way of visually identifying somebody for who he claimed he was, particularly if he was a member of the nobility. If, for example, one claimed he was a Saili, he had to point to a mark on his body identifying him as a Saili. Thus the Mark of Cain would identify Cain wherever he was on the globe that where he came from (that is, the Edin), he was actually a royal and a Crown Prince for that matter. That way, even if he met hostile people, he would be treated either respectfully or with great caution, General.

When Enki came down from the judgement seat to ratify Cain as Crown Prince, he was not bestowing on him the Right of Succession. He was confirming it – that it had by no means lapsed by forfeiture but was still in force and would always be in force. The Mark of Cain was an affirmation of an inborn right,  General. It was not a stain or any such black mark.

CAIN IS BANISHED

Before the banished Cain set out on a vagrant life across the world accompanied by a contingent of loyalists, General, he decided to get hitched first. This was crucial in that he did not wish to marry a stranger in the course of his wanderings and therefore dilute the royal bloodline, effectively disqualifying his offspring from contention in the succession stakes. Accordingly, he approached his biological father Enki to recommend a spouse as was the custom of the day.

The woman Enki chose for him was Luluwa, also known as Awan. Luluwa was a full-blooded Anunnaki, being the daughter of Enki himself and his fellow Anunnaki mistress Lilitu. Since Lilitu was in turn related to Jehovah-Enlil as she was his granddaughter on her mother’s side, Luluwa had both Enlilite and Enkite blood coursing through her veins although the Enkite genes predominated considering that Lilitu’s father was Nergal, Enki’s second-born son. The Anunnaki, General,  were so shamelessly incestuous one has to do a lot of mental gymnastics to come up with a flawless family tree.

Now, during his penal peregrinations, General, Cain was not permitted to settle in one particular place for long and establish a permanent settlement. He was also forbidden to cultivate land or erect brick-and-mortar structures as partially hinted in GENESIS 4:12. This was in keeping with his sentence, which was to lead a nomadic life through six generations at the very least. There was likely another reason for such proscriptions. Enlil didn’t want him to establish a flourishing domain of his own that could rival the Edin for supremacy. The notion of two centres of power on one planet was anathema both to Anu and Enlil.

Thus it was, General,  that as he led a peripatetic life, Cain, who began as a tiller of land in the Middle East, was at various stages a Bedouin-like nomadic tent dweller who tended flocks, a musical entertainer, and a metallurgist. The musical prowess was of course inherited from Enki, who, Sumerian records tell us, was the Anunnaki’s most proficient musician (Enki excelled at everything, the only such being of his era). Metallurgy, of which alchemy (turning of the ORME elements into Ormus, the versatile monoatomic white powder of gold) was a component, was a specialty of the Enkites. Enki was the “master of the craft”, described in the Sumerian chronicles as “the manifestation of knowledge and the craftsman par excellence”. By “craft” is meant all sorts of occupational arts.

According to Enki’s reminiscences, titled The Lost Book of Enki by Zechariah Sitchin, it took approximately 50,000 years for Cain’s banishment to lapse. This was in the time of Lamech, Noah’s father. By that time, there had been seven generations counting from Adapa and so it was all consistent with the duration of the curse as pronounced by Enlil. The cessation of the curse came at a time when Cain was dwelling in the Americas and had had a second-born dynastic son who was probably 30-40,000 years old. His name was Enoch, meaning “foundation”. What evidence is there that Cain did indeed venture as far as the Americas, General?

CAIN’S CITY, CAIN’S RACE

Besides Cain and Abel, General, Adapa and Titi-Eve had other children. Altogether, they had 60 children, comprising of 30 sons and 30 daughters. The most prominent of these after Cain and Abel was Seth, their third son. When Adapa was advancing in years, his health began to fail. Soon he lost his sight. Knowing that he was staring death in the face, he asked to see all the members of his progeny, insisting that Cain too be fetched from wherever he was. Enki then detailed Ninurta, under whose tutelage Cain had been when he was a denizen of the Edin, to go look for him in his flying saucer.

With all his male offspring gathered, Adapa asked that Cain and Seth sit by him as the seniormost of the multigenerational brood. Note that although Cain was biologically Enki’s son, legally he was Adapa’s son. Enlil, who was also present, then officially announced that Cain was no longer under a curse as it had run its course. With that declaration, Adapa proceeded to officially anoint Cain as his heir, the next King of Earthlings. A few years later, Adapa passed on, aged 55,800 years (that is, 930 years as recorded in the Bible multiplied by 60).

Meanwhile, Cain had unilaterally established a city in today’s North America, which he began to develop in the very year his curse ceased to be operable. In the British Museum is a Babylonian tablet catalogued BM 74329. It says, “A group of exiled people who were ‘plowmen’ … wandered and reached a land called Dunnu … There, their leader, named Ka’in, built a city whose landmark was a twin tower.” Indeed, Cain was a tiller of land (“ploughman”) and Genesis says he headed for the “Land of Nod”, which scholars interpret as simply meaning a state of endless wandering but which in truth may have been a corruption of the term Dunnu. The twin tower was in all probability a toast to Cain himself and his fraternal twin brother Abel, whose killing continued to haunt him.

Zechariah Sitchin, General,  presents persuasive evidence that Dunnu was today’s Mexico City. He says the Aztec capital was known as Tenochtitlan, meaning “City of Tenoch”. This may well have been simply “Enoch” (Cain’s second-born son) given the Aztecs’ orthographical tendency to prefix many words with the sound “T”. The non-canonical Book of Jasher (deliberately excluded from the Old Testament canon for one reason or another) says, “And at that time (when the curse was lifted), Cain also began to build a city: and he built the city and he called the name of the city Enoch, according to the name of his son; for in those days the Lord (Enlil) had given him rest upon the Earth, and he did not move about and wander as in the beginning.”
The Babylonian tablet also says, “He (Kain) built in Dunnu a city with twin towers. Kain dedicated to himself the lordship over the city.” Indeed, when, General, the Spaniards arrived in and annexed the Aztec Empire (which extended from Central Mexico all the way to Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras) in the 16th century, they documented that the City of Enoch was distinguished by its twin-towered Aztec Temple.

Whilst in North America, Cain spawned a new race. We today call them Native Americans or Red Indians. In order to distinguish them from any other race on the planet, he called on his half-brother Ningishzidda, Enki’s genius son and a DNA expert, to embed in them a gene that would prevent them from growing a beard when they came of age. This certainly is what we see of Native Americans: they do not grow a beard at all unless they are of mixed blood. Sadly, General, this contrived genetic trait has been mistaken by scholars, who include Zechariah Sitchin himself, as the seemingly enigmatic Mark of Cain when it is far from that.

Sitchin writes thus in his book Divine Encounters: “What was this ‘Mark of Cain’? The Bible does not say, and countless guesses are just that – guesses. Our own guess is that the mark might have been a genetic change, such as depriving the line of Cain of facial hair – a mark that would be immediately obvious to whoever shall find them … This is a mark of recognition of Amerindians.” Tragically, this is a rather wild guess, General,  for as we demonstrated above, the Mark of Cain was a symbol of sovereignty over Earth. It identified Cain as the monarchical heir to Adapa.

CAIN SUCCEEDS ADAPA

Following the death of Adapa, General, Cain returned to the Edin to succeed to the throne as the King of Earthlings (not King of Earth, please note, as that style was the preserve of Enlil, the primary Jehovah/Yahweh of the Bible). However, instead of basing himself at Eridu, where Adapa ruled from, Cain chose to rule from a newly established city-state known as Kish. That was about 56,200 years ago, about 43,200 years before the Deluge of Noah’s day. Because he was Enki’s son, the Enlilites scorned Cain as the “Serpent King”.

Indeed, some Sumerian records refer to him as “Arwium King of Kish, the son of Masda, and successor to King Atabba (Adapa)”. The Sumerian Arwium is the inspiration to the Hebrew Awwim, meaning “snakes”. Masda (Masenda) was another name of Enki. It meant “one who prostrates himself”, as a serpent does.

We have already explained the name Cain, or Kaen, in a Sumerian context (that is, “One begotten of the Lord”) but there is more to it than simply that. By some ancient accounts, General, the name Cain can also be rendered as Q’ayin, which in fact is the Hebrew spelling of the name. When the name is truncated to simply Ayin, it assumes the meaning “All-Seeing Eye”. This refers to Enki, who was known as “Lord of the Sacred Eye”.

This is not a physical eye: it is the pineal gland, which metaphorically is said to be located between the two physical eyes behind the brow. The pineal gland is characterised as the All-Seeing Eye because it can perceive light (that is, illumination in the sense of metaphysical knowledge) out of the blackness of its situation. Enki, Zidda, Adapa, and Cain – all Enkites or Serpentines – had a tremendous gift of intuitive perception, General, hence the adage “Be as Wise as Serpents”.

Remarks Laurence Gardner on the subject: “Ayin is an ancient word for ’eye’. This spelling (a-y-i-n) is actually quite important because the original spelling of Cain (whether with a ‘C’, a ‘K’ or a ‘Q’) was not ‘C-a-i-n’ as we now know it, but ‘C-a-y-i-n’. The name Cain, in its various forms, actually denoted ‘One of the Inner Eye’ … Indeed, Cain’s father Enki-Samael was himself the Sumerians’ designated Lord of the Sacred Eye.”

The name Q’ayin also came to mean “smith”, a metal smith, owing to another field of Cain’s expertise. Cain, as we hinted before, was a surpassing metallurgist. He was an artificer of metals of the highest order, a skill he passed on to some of his descendents, particularly the highly esteemed Tubal-Cain, Noah’s half-brother, who has been described as “the greatest metallurgist of his age” and “an instructor of every artificer in brass and iron”.

Furthermore, most people are not aware that both the terms King and Queen in part derive from Q’ayin. Kingship was actually Cainship. Let us again turn to the renowned bloodline historian Laurence Gardner: “From Kayin with a ‘K’ derived the word ‘King’, and from Qayin with a ‘Q’ derived the word ‘Queen’… Given that kingship (Malkhut) was perceived as a matrilineal inheritance through Tiamat (Adam’s wife Eve) and Lilith (Adapa’s renegade first wife Lilitu, whose daughter with Enki, Luluwa, became Cain’s wife) the name Q’ayin, identified with King, was also directly associated with Queen.”

Yet in the Bible, General, Cain is largely minimised and to a degree vilified (deliberately, by the pro-Enlil Levites, who wrote Genesis) when he was actually a colossus and a second-generation progenitor of the all-powerful bluebloods who continue to rule much of the Western world today. “The Merovingians (the across-the-centuries dynasty that emerged from the conjoined Davidic lines of Jesus and his immediate younger brother James) trace their kingly succession to the original Dragon King, which was Cain,” writes Laurence Gardner.

“The first King of the Messianic Dragon succession was the biblical Cain, head of the Sumerian House of Kish … The Dragon King was known as the King of Kings and his symbol, Draco (a serpent clutching its own tail, also known as the Ouroboros, a symbol of wholeness and wisdom) represented his succession through the Sumerian kings, Egyptian pharaohs, the Egyptian Therapeutae, the Qumran Essenes (from among whom Jesus arose) to the Merovingian kings of Europe.”

NEXT WEEK:  ENKI’S OTHER GREAT EARTHLING SON

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A “Virgin” Conceives

2nd March 2021
IT’S THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS, STUPID

Princess Mary falls pregnant only one month after her betrothal to Prince Joseph

To put the lineage of Mary the mother of Jesus in context, General Atiku, it is in order that we begin with her grandfather Yehoshua  (Jesus in Greek) III.

Mary was offspring of two royal lines, the Davidic line and the Hasmonean line. Yehoshua III was the Herod–appointed High Priest of Israel between 36 and 23 BC.  He had no sons, only three daughters namely Joanna, Elizabeth, and Anna, all of whom he organised dynastic suitors.

Elizabeth would be married off into the House of Aaron, the legitimate priestly line, and Joanna and Anna would be married off into the House of David, the legitimate kingly line. That’s how Elizabeth became the wife of Zechariah of the tribe of Levi and in due course the mother of John the Baptist.

Mainstream Israel up to the level of the Sanhedrin had recognised Anna as the eligible mother of the future King of Israel and not the sitting impostor Herod (it is not clear what happened to first-born Joanna but she probably passed away before she got married). Anna was accordingly married off to Alexander III, a Davidic and Hasmonean prince who was best known as Heli as indeed the genealogy of Luke clearly attests.

Heli and Anna too had no sons. They only had daughters, the firstborn of whom was Dorcas, whose was born in 26 BC and whose titular name was Mary.  Mary was orphaned early in her childhood when her father Heli was killed in 17 BC at the orders of the increasingly paranoid Herod and when her mother Anna died a year or so later.

Since she was a dynastic heiress, it was likely that Herod would come after her. The Essenes thus secreted her somewhere in remote Galilee. It was actually in Galilee that most members of the Davidic royal line were concentrated not only to keep as far away from Herod as possible but to also enjoy the protective custody of the Zealots, who were the secret military wing of the Essenes and a thorn in the side of both Herod and the Romans.  Joseph was also officially based in Galilee although both he and Mary were in truth based at Qumran in the Judean wilds.

JOSEPH CALLED TO “DUTY”

Dynastic marriages are often more politically strategic than spontaneous, General. For example, the union of Prince Charles and Princess Diana was motivated by the need to fuse the Windsor genes with those of the Stuarts as the Windsors, being predominantly Reptilians, were finding it increasingly difficult to maintain their human form.

The Stuarts, the clan of Diana, had by far more human genes than Reptilian and they too were an aristocratic family. That’s why once Charles had produced a  “heir and a spare”, he completely sidelined Diana, who he had never loved, and devoted himself to his real love – Camilla Parker-Bowles.

The marriage of Joseph to Mary, General, was equally strategic. Although both were from the tribe of Judah and of the royal Davidic line, they were from different branches.  Joseph was a descendant of Solomon, whereas Mary was a descendant of Nathan, Solomon’s elder brother. The line of Solomon, as we once underlined, had been tainted by the Jeconiah curse.

The line of Nathan was clean. Since the son of Joseph and Mary would be the future King of Israel, it was important that he not be compromised by the baggage, rightly or wrongly, of the Jeconiah curse. Hence the desirability of the union of Prince Joseph and Princess Mary.

Now, both Joseph and Mary’s clans were Essenes. As such, their marriage process, formalities, and protocols had to strictly adhere to Essene dynastic rules. The Essenes were in ranks. Amongst the higher echelons were the two great dynasties, the Davids and the Zadoks, who had been the high priests and kings of Israel respectively before the destruction of the Temple by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BC.

The Davids and Zadoks lived a strictly holy life, typically in a monastery at Qumran, the reclusive headquarters of the Essenes. They were sequestered there so that they did not fall prey to the machinations of the bloodthirsty King Herod though officially their address was Galilee.  In fact, the major reason the Essene movement had come into existence was to preserve and safeguard the Davidic and Zadokite lines, the religio-politico haunt of Herod and the Hasmoneans initially.

According to the Essene code, General, the Zadoks and the Davids were not to engage in sex for recreational purposes because it was regarded as defiling: it diluted holiness. The only times they were supposed to do so was when need arose to produce heirs. In 8 BC, it was now opportune for Joseph, the David, to produce a heir and so he was excused from a life of chastity.

At this point in time in fact, the Essenes were focused on two dynastic figures. These were Joseph and Zechariah. The two were expected to produce the Messiah of David and the Messiah of Aaron, that is, the future King of Israel and the future High Priest of Israel.

According to Essene rules, the David had to marry at age 36, so that by the time he was 40, he had already sired a heir. The new heir had to be born when the David was 37. If the child was a daughter, she could not inherit, and so the David had to set about the procreation of a second-born, who hopefully would be a boy (copulation to that end was allowed only when the daughter was 3 years old).

The Davidic heir had to be born not in any other month but in September, the holiest in the Jewish calendar. In order to conform to these parameters, a betrothal ceremony was held at the beginning of June. During the betrothal period – the three months from beginning of June to end of August – sexual relations were not permitted.

Then at the beginning of September, a First Marriage was held. This was the beginning of the marriage proper as now the couple were allowed to become intimate. However, the intimacy began only in December, with a view to delivering a heir in September the following year. At the end of March, the Second Marriage was held for it was hoped that by that time the spouse was three months pregnant if there hadn’t been a miscarriage. With the Second Marriage, the wedlock was permanent: divorce was never allowed whatsoever.

Meanwhile, General, if the spouse hadn’t conceived in December, sexual relations were suspended till December the following year. The husband would then leave her spouse and return either to the monastery at Qumran or embark on a tour of duty elsewhere in furtherance of the Essene cause.

A BINDING ENGAGEMENT

According to the Dead Sea Scrolls, General, the Essenes were not only a spiritual, revolutionary, and philosophical movement. They were also ardent believers in astrology. They meticulously studied the stars and the movements of planets to read what they portended about the future.

Thus the reason a Davidic heir had to be born in September was not only because this was the holiest month of the year: it was also in recognition of the fact that September was ruled by the constellation Virgo. In other words, September was astrologically the month of the virgin. That was what Mary was.

Mary was both a virgin physically and a virgin titularly. A bride of the future king was required to be a virgin. As an Essene, Mary belonged to the Order (not the tribe) of Dan.  This was the Order of Nuns, or virgins, both legal and physical virgins. Thus in the Order of Dan, a woman was not a virgin only before she slept with a man: she was a virgin until she was six months pregnant. In the case of a dynastic spouse like Mary, this was up to end of June.  From then henceforth, she was promoted within the Order to the first stage of a Mother.

Joseph’s betrothal to Mary took place at Qumran in June 8 BC. Now, in our day, betrothal simply means engagement to be married. In ancient Israel up to New Testament times, betrothal was part and parcel of the marriage contract. It was definite and binding upon both groom and bride, who were considered as man and wife in all legal and religious aspects, except that sexual relations were not permitted.

For example, in 2 SAMUEL 3:14, King David refers to his betrothed woman as “my wife”. Also in DEUTERONOMY 22:24, a betrothed woman is referred to as “his neighbour’s wife”.  In the betrothal formalities, dowry and bride price were included. If a bride and groom for one reason or the other wanted to opt out of the betrothal after the betrothal ceremony, they had to seek a formal divorce.

Since the betrothal took place in June, General, Joseph and Mary were not supposed to make love till December, that is, six months after the betrothal ceremony and three months after the First Marriage ceremony in September. Just one month after the betrothal ceremony (that is, at the beginning of July 8 BC), however, Mary became pregnant. Was it Joseph, General? Was it rape by a Roman soldier called Panthera as some contemporary records suggest? Or was it simply the supernatural act of the “Holy Spirit” as Christendom holds?

THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS

Those who hold that the circumstances of Mary’s pregnancy were supernatural, General, can be excused. This is because the language employed therein smacks of ethereality – Holy Spirit, Angel Gabriel, Son of the Most High, etc. To those who have read and rigorously studied the Dead Sea Scrolls, however, such terminology is well within the temporal context.

That is to say, it does not carry spiritual connotations as such. True, the idea of an angel speaking to Joseph and Mary in their sleep may seem supernatural but the dreams are theological interpolations, inserted into the gospels in onward editing to fit a contrived agenda – what Karl Marx called the opium of the masses.

The Dead Sea Scrolls are so named because they were discovered in caves around the Qumran plateau of the West Bank (about 40 km east of Jerusalem), at the northwest corner of the Dead Sea, in March 1947. The discoverer was a Bedouin shepherd kid who was looking for a lost goat. The scrolls were found hidden in jars.

The 1947 find was the initial discovery: more discoveries were made after further excavations on the same site spanning 11 years in a series of 11 caves. Altogether, 972 texts were   turned up. They are written in four languages, namely Hebrew (the majority), Aramaic, Greek, and Nabatean, mostly on parchment. Other texts were inscribed on papyrus and bronze.

Most of the Dead Sea Scrolls are fragments. Fragments of all the Old Testament books have been found save for the book of Esther. The only complete book is Isaiah.  There are also apocryphal books (those arbitrarily excluded from the Old Testament canon by the Constantine-convened Nicene Council of AD 325) such as the Book of Enoch and the Book of Jubilees, and sect-specific writings that embody rules and beliefs of the people who compiled them.

The latter include commentaries on the Old Testament, paraphrases that expand on the Law of Moses, rule books of the community, war conduct, thanksgiving psalms, hymnic compositions, benedictions, liturgical texts, and sapiential (wisdom) writing. These texts have been given appropriate titles such as the War Scroll; Manual of Discipline; the Community Rule; the Temple Scroll; the Copper Scroll; etc.

The Dead Sea Scrolls were written/preserved by the Essenes between 168 BC and 68 AD. We know this because Pliny, the first century Roman historian, wrote that, “On the west coast of Lake Asphaltitis (the Dead Sea) are settled the Essenes, at some distance from the noisome odours that are experienced on the shore itself.

They are a lonely people, the most extraordinary in the world, who live without women, without love, without money, with the palm trees for their only companions.”   The Essenes stashed away the scrolls sometime in 70 AD, when Roman General Flavius Titus overran Jerusalem and laid waste to the Temple following a catastrophic Jewish uprising – led by the Zealots, the military wing of the Essenes – that began in 66 BC.

This they did in heed of JEREMIAH 32:14, which says, “Thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel; Take these evidences … and put them in an earthen vessel, that they may continue many days.” The Dead Sea Scrolls have given us invaluable insight into the beliefs, customs, rituals, politics, philosophies, and traditions of first century Palestine.

NEXT WEEK: THE PANTERA INVOLVEMENT

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Pact with the Devil

2nd March 2021
THE LORD’S GREAT GRANDMOTHER

How Jesus’s grandfather sold his birthright to megalomaniac Herod

If you were to ask a Christian to name the main Jewish sects, General Atiku, he would no doubt begin with the Pharisees (because Jesus had innumerable slanging matches with  them according to the gospels), followed by the Sadducees.  Yet there was a third, equally momentous sect – the Essenes.

Although there’s not a single, one mention of the Essenes in the Bible, General, the New Testament is filled with Essene-type language as anybody who has read the Dead Sea Scrolls would readily recognise.

In point of fact, it was the Essenes who produced Jesus as well as the infamous Jewish band of freedom fighters known as the Zealots. Furthermore, almost all the New Testament writers were either Essenes or champions of the Essene cause as is apparent in their language and the drift of their overall philosophy.   The Essenes have a palpable presence in the Bible, albeit a cloaked one.

The Essenes, General, were the most popular, the most esteemed, and the most influential of the Jewish sects. The Jewish historian Philo (20 BC-50 AD) devotes 90 percent of his description of the Jewish sects to the Essenes. He wrote that the Essenes  “dwell in many cities of Judea and in many villages and in great societies of many numbers”.

Hyppolytus of Rome (170-236 AD) devoted nine-and-half chapters to the Essenes and only one to the Sadducees.     The Essenes are the authors of the famous Dead Sea Scrolls, which were discovered in 1947 in Israel at a place called Qumran and which have given us even greater insight into the happenings in the first century than the Bible itself.

How did the Essene movement come about, General?  The Essenes, meaning “puritans of the faith”, were the Jewish sect that was the most loyal to the Davidic dynasty. They set themselves apart from the mainstream Jewish community circa 175 BC and established their headquarters at Qumran,  about 40 km from Jerusalem.

Since the Jewish nation revered the Davidic royal line, the only legitimate and rightful rulers of Judah in their view, they rallied to the Essenes en masse. And because the Essenes were disparaging of the Hasmonean rule (140 BC to 63 BC), the mainstream Jews also took a dismissive view of Hasmonean rule too.

The Essenes were so highly regarded because of their virtue and spirituality. The legendary Jewish historian Flavius Josephus (37-100 AD) writes thus of them: “They are more mutually affectionate than the others (Pharisees and Sadducees). Whereas these men shun the pleasures as vice, they consider self-control and not succumbing to the passions virtue  … Since [they are] despisers of wealth –  their communal stock is astonishing – one cannot find a person among them who has more in terms of possessions.

For by a law, those coming into the school (that is, the Essene fold) must yield up their funds to the order, with the result that in all [their ranks] neither the humiliation of poverty nor the superiority of wealth is detectable, but the assets of each one have been mixed in together, as if they were brothers, to create one fund for all.”

In time, the Essenes, General, became quite influential even with occupying powers. For instance, when the Greek General Pompey installed Hyrcanus II as ruler of  Palestine in 63 BC,  he sought the opinion  of the Essenes. The Essenes recommended that Hyrcanus go by the titles High Priest and Prince, not King, to which Pompey paid heed. In  142 BC, when Simon was installed by the Seleucids as ruler of Palestine, the Essenes had insisted on the same titular style. To the Essenes, everybody who occupied Israel’s seat of authority was simply holding fort for the real deal – the Davidic  King.

In 37 BC, when Herod became King of Palestine, the potential Davidic King was Jacob-Eliakim – the father of the Joseph of the gospels – who was an Essene himself. It was in order to win the blessings of the historically popular Jewish royal family that Herod sought to curry favour with the Essenes.

JACOB’S PACT WITH HEROD

About the time Herod came to power, General, there were three citizens of considerable stature in Palestine – Hillel, Menahem, and Jacob-Eliakim, the grandfather of Jesus. Hillel is by all accounts ancient Israel’s greatest teacher and scholar.

He was the foremost spiritual sage in the development of the Talmud and the Mishnah, the most authoritative religious references of the Jews which are second only to the Old Testament in esteem.   The renowned “Golden Rule”, which is invariably attributed to Jesus, was actually coined by Hillel. It is not certain whether Hillel was an Essene but his teachings did have a profound influence both on Essene philosophy and that of Jesus, who was an Essene too.

It was Menahem, however, who was an incontrovertible Essene. The Essenes were of two main branches, General. First, there were the puritans, the Palestinian Essenes. Then there were the liberals, the Diaspora Essenes, who sneered at the Palestinian Essenes’ dogmatism and rather strict views on morality. Menahem was the leader of the  Diaspora Essenes.

He was also privilleged to be advisor to King Herod. Herod did hold Menahem in very high regard. Josephus relates that when Herod was a school-going lad, Menahem had patted him on his back and said to him, “one day you will be King young man.” Since the prophecy came to pass, Herod had a certain, atypical respect both for Menahem and the order of Essenes.

Jacob-Eliakim’s significance was by virtue of his pedigree. He was of the royal line of David and was therefore the uncrowned King of the Jews. Now, as we have already indicated, Herod had his own grand designs about rulership of the world notwithstanding the fact that he was in reality a vassal of Rome.

When he made overtures to the trio, they didn’t mince words: they told him that in the new Israel, the Israel that would rule Earth once the Romans had been toppled from the pedestal of world power, it was a Davidic King who would reign. Herod took very strong  exception to such a prospect. Herod was neither a full-blooded Jew nor of Davidic stock but he was royalty in his own right.

His father, Antipater,  had been the governor of Idumea and in due course Judea in  the Hasmonean government and was in fact the real ruler of the entire Palestine, with John Hyrcanus being a  mere figurehead king.  When he (Herod) was only 25 years old, his father had appointed him governor of Galilee.   Herod thus had strutted the corridors of power from the day he was born and he wasn’t going to give that up easily either for his own sake or that of his descendants.

As such, General, Herod maintained to the trio that in the new, overarching Kingdom of Israel, he was going to be the emperor and would be based in Jerusalem. Just like the Greek empire of Alexander had been a triarchy (a kingdom divided into three governments), the global Kingdom of Israel (“Thy Kingdom Come” in the Lord’s Prayer) was going to be likewise.

There was going to be a ruler in the east, a ruler in the west, and a ruler in the centre, that is Jerusalem, under the oversight of Herod himself. Hillel would rule in Jerusalem; Menahem in the east; and Jacob-Eliakim in the west. If these three happened to have disappeared from the Earthly scene by the time the Kingdom of Israel came into being, their descendants would observe the same setup.

The pecking order would thus be like this: Herod as the emperor; Hillel as the senior king; Menahem as the second-ranked king; and Jacob-Eliakim as the junior king. Put differently, Herod had by the stroke of a pen reduced the Davidic dynasty from foremost to least important as it posed the most serious threat to his office. Meanwhile, the three kings-in-waiting would go by the names of the Old Testament patriarchs.

Hillel would henceforth be called the Abraham, or the Father (or Papa, which later morphed into Pope), since Abraham was the Father of the Jewish nation; Menahem would be called the Isaac (Abraham’s son); and Eliakim the Jacob (Isaac’s son). Half a loaf was better than nothing at all and so Jacob-Eliakim meekly accepted this arrangement.

When Jesus later said, “Many will come from east and west and sit at table with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in the new Kingdom of Heaven (MATTHEW 8:11),” he did not mean an afterlife kingdom: he referred to the Earthly setup proposed by King Herod.

FALLOUT WITH ESSENES

Those days, General, the Davidic heir used the title “Jacob” rather than “David” as the latter title was very risky, particularly under the Hasmonean government. Given that Joseph was the most beloved son of the Old Testament Jacob, the next in line, that is, the firstborn son of the Jacob, used the title “Joseph”.

In September 44 BC, a son was born to Jacob-Eliakim. As the crown prince to the Jacob, he was given the titular name Joseph, the name by which he became best-known.  Like his father Jacob-Eliakim, Joseph was a missionary. But he also had a trade. He was a carpenter, a boat builder primarily, and a master of his craft. The word translated “carpenter” in the Bible is the ancient Greek word “ho hekton” which means a master artisan or craftsman.

In 31 BC, Qumran, the Essenes’ Judean wilderness bastion, was struck by an earthquake. The hermitic Essenes had no choice but to trek back to Jerusalem, from where they operated indefinitely at a place they called the Essene Gate. Then in 23 BC, Herod struck again. He had Jacob-Eliakim killed on trumped-up charges of sedition, his motive simply being a continuation of a systematic purge of  the Davidic “pretenders” to his throne.

The Essenes were wroth. They now set about promulgating to the Diaspora Essenes that Herod would have no part to play in the coming Kingdom. Instead, the overall King would be Joseph, the son of Jacob-Eliakim. This, General, was the beginning of a permanent rift between Herod and the Essene sect.

THE SAGA OF JOSEPH

The prospective global world, General, was subdivided into ten provinces to facilitate governance and tax collection. Palestine would have two provinces, Judea and Samaria, the latter of which would include Galilee. Asia Minor (largely present-day Turkey), where the bulk of Diaspora Jews were concentrated, would have five provinces.

The last three provinces would be Babylon, Rome, and Alexandria in Egypt. The future capital of the West was not Rome: it was Ephesus in Asia Minor. Having been allocated the West, it was in Ephesus and Alexandria that Jacob-Eliakim spent most of his time evangelizing to fellow Jews about the future Kingdom of Israel. This was the beginning of the New Covenant, whereby Jews who converted to the ideal of a new Kingdom of Israel were baptised by immersion in water.

To mainstream Palestinian Jews, General, Jacob-Eliakim was a sellout. Herod had demoted his pedigree but to somewhat placate him, he gave him the honorary title of Patriarch or Prince of Jerusalem. By subordinating the Davidic throne-in-waiting to Herod, Jacob-Eliakim had  gone against what the nation of Israel’s God, Enlil, the Bible’s main Jehovah, decreed – that every King of Judah had to be a descendant of  David. So when the unpredictable Herod had him killed in 23 BC for “sedition”, as part of a pogrom against the line of David, there was very little sympathy for him.

In 44 BC, Joseph had been born to Jacob-Eliakim. Joseph was a title: it was not his real name. At the death of his father, Joseph became the Jacob. However, he preferred the title “David”, the more apt one historically. Joseph would become the father of Jesus. When Joseph attained 30 years of age in 14 BC, his uncles and the Essene sages sent him to Rome and Alexandria to do his part in missionary work, which was simply about promulgating to the Diaspora Jews the future Kingdom of Israel in which a Son of David, that is a descendant of King David, would rule.   Egypt was also a special place because Joseph’s maternal relations were Egyptians.

Jacob-Eliakim, General, had two wives. The one was called Euchariah, a Jewish princess, of whom very little is known, and the other, the dynastic wife, was an Egyptian princess, a daughter of Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Julius Caesar. Jacob-Eliakim and this princess had three sons: they were Joseph, the father of Jesus, and the twins Cleopas (after whom James, Jesus’ immediate younger brother, whose given name was Cleopas, was named) and Ptolas. Joseph was thus the Davidian Prince of Israel as well as contender to Crown Prince of Egypt. Despite pretences to the contrary on the part of the Jews, Egypt and Israel have always had ties of monarchical kinship.

In 8 BC, General, Joseph was required by Essene custom to return home and fulfill his obligations for a dynastic marriage. A wife-to-be had already been chosen for him by his uncles  and other patriarchal Essenes. This was Dorcas, better known today by her title name Mary.

NEXT WEEK: HOW HEROD MINIMISED THE HOUSE OF DAVID

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The Great Class Divide

2nd March 2021

It used to be that a phone number was fixed item in a fixed location (your home, your office, etc.) Call someone and they’re not there, no problem, leave a message or call again later.   Not any more.

Now we associate a phone number with a person, and the expectation is that wherever you are, whatever time of day or night it might be, you’re accessible. It’s astonishing and alarming that we feel we should be constantly available. This morning I sent a message to a colleague asking if it was convenient to call (remember the days when you would just do it without asking permission?) and half an hour later I received his apologetic response, “Sorry I was not looking at my phone.” His guilt was tangible as he considered 30 minutes too long to have not checked his device. That’s where the bar has been set nowadays.

Like many I have been working remotely on and off for the past year. It’s the new normal, the changing nature of the world of work, blah, blah, blah. Twitter told its employees they can work remotely forever. Coinbase has proclaimed themselves to be a “a remote-first” company and according to Microsoft, Facebook, Google they have told workers they don’t need them back in the office for a year. But, while many are embracing what looks like a workable and easy solution, I am having some doubts and not just about meeting the expectation of being available 24/7.

A few weeks ago, I was facilitating a strategy session remotely for a company with which I have a management contract. Because I am conscious of the research which suggests that video conferencing requires more focus than face-to-face chats and because of the energy required to stay ‘connected’, it was designed as 4 half-day Zoom sessions. It’s a small team which I know well and intimately yet by the third session I halted the process and boarded a plane the following week to roll up my sleeves and do the work that quite simply could not in this instance be done remotely.

There were several reasons why I felt my physical presence was necessary, not least of which was that on Zoom I was missing so much of the non-verbal cues like facial expressions, the tone and pitch of the voice, and body language. As the facilitator tasked with achieving an objective, it felt like I was climbing a mountain single handed, dragging each participant along. The disconnect was palpable – our minds may have been together, but our bodies were not – and that dissonance was having a huge negative effect.

If you’re a leader you know very that your ability to communicate is critical and it is likely to be one of your most important assets. You can do that on Whatsapp, Zoom or over the phone but the power of being present, not just psychologically but physically, is necessary – at least occasionally or when the work to be done is critical.

Looking back on what ended up being a highly positive engagement which achieved the desired results, I know that it could never have been achieved on the video call. It scares me now that I thought it could and I will have to re-set. That may change in the future but for now, for me, a remote approach to team facilitation involving complex work where participation, commitment and creativity is required has serious limitations even with a homogeneous group.

What worries me however is how much we have bought into the notion that working remotely is the way to go. I have been an advocate of it and, may have carried on merrily down that road (perhaps because the narrative suits me at the moment) rarely questioning if I was missing something or being ineffective, but my experience has really called its efficacy into question.

Remote working is not all dubious for me now. )ne of the most significant changes and benefits is with performance management. Having employees work remotely has forced me to focus attention on work done, not on hours worked. A change that staff have reported to me is that they feel more compelled to produce work instead of getting caught up on the busy-ness of being at the office where they are pulled this way, then that and down a dozen different rabbit holes, resulting in them exhibiting super frenetic behaviour, albeit with very little to show for it. Instead, staff report they are more likely to prioritise now and think about what to produce for the day.

When remote working started, I knew that we would have to figure it out as we went along but maybe weighing the pros and cons is a little more complicated than I realised. I have not even mentioned people who don’t want to or can’t work remotely because of a host of socio-economic reasons. And, besides the fact that tele-driven work is not feasible for all sectors and jobs, what about the work life balance, the gender divide and employees’ need for separation of home and office.

The other thing which feels obvious is when people work together physically, they are more likely to feel part of a team sharing a joint purpose. That’s difficult to recreate online. Trust me, it is exactly the problem I ran into. You may talk about online engagement but, it’s hardly the same thing as being in someone’s space, looking into their eyes, sensing, and intuiting through an experience which is wholly human and natural. It’s not easy to get the model right. Much needs to be taken into consideration.

Maybe it boils down to one simple thing. Real human interaction is familiar. It’s comfortable. It’s easy to use. And it has fared us well in for generations up until this moment. If we take it too much of it away it might just end up being the biggest killer of results and productivity in the office today. Because if working together is key, how is that to be fully achieved apart

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