He was Enkiâ€™s son with an Earthling woman and was the first CaucasianÂ
To cut a long story short, General Atiku, you willÂ be aware by now that it was Enki who created Adam, the Father of the Human Race,Â by way of a genetic engineering process in which the genes of Homo Erectus, or Ape Man,Â were grafted onto those of a dark-skinned Anunnaki â€“ an Olmec â€“ who wasÂ best suited to Earthâ€™s generally warmerÂ climate compared toÂ Nibiru, the planet of the Anunnaki also known as Planet X in ufology. Enki proceeded to fashion Eve from Adamâ€™s DNA when it was decided that mankind should procreate byÂ way of heterosexual reproduction.
Perhaps you may be wondering, General, what was so special about Enki beyond his surpassingÂ brilliance. Well, first, Arians â€“ the beings of Orion â€“ have always been the best geneticists in the cosmos. It is they who are routinely commissioned to seed life on virgin planets, so cosmic history tells us. Second, Enki was born asexually, without a father. His mother was/isÂ the Orion Queen, who is the most respected personage in the Sirian-Orion Empire, which encompasses our Solar System.
All life in this universe as we showcased in The Earth Chronicles,Â General, begin as a female form. Â Did you know, General,Â that for the first six weeks of its life an embryo is female? We all start as females folks: it is only at the beginning of the seventh week that sexual differentiation begins, when males are clearly defined as males. For the first six weeks of our lives in the womb, Assam Makwinja, Thato Ramakoba, Mike Ndegwa, yourself General and indeed myself were girls even if we may Â proudly celebrate masculinity! Says Dr Alfred Hoet, a distinguished endocrinologist: â€œDuring the first few weeks of development, the embryo remains sexually undifferentiated, though it is oriented towards femaleness … Left to its own devices, an embryo will always become a female.â€
Did you hear that General? The natural orientation of an Â embryo, the natural internal directive of life of all human embryos, is female. In the event that the embryo becomes male, it is the result of a kind of â€œinterventionâ€. What is this intervention? It is testosterone, the principal male sex hormone. It is testosterone that transforms what began as a female into a male. In this respect again, it is advantage women.
Scientists say a Y chromosome is actually a deformed X chromosome. Men are innately deformed beings genetically General! It is a woman who is a proper human being. Doctors says whereas cells need an X chromosome to continue to exist, they do not need a Y chromosome at all; they can do without it. But without the X chromosome, a cell will wither and die. What does that mean General? It means the Y chromosome is not essential to an individualâ€™s survival, whereas an X chromosome is.
It means life on Earth needs an X chromosome but it does not need a Y chromosome. Even without the Y chromosome, it would be business as usual. That indeed bears out, for females have two X chromosomes whereas males have one X chromosome and one Y chromosome. It is males who need an X chromosome to exist; females do not need a Y chromosome because they have no use for it. Â Once again, advantage women.
Evolutional biologists say the Y chromosome is a mutation of the X chromosome. In other words, General, the X chromosome came first; the Y chromosome came later. The same evolutional biologists say the Y chromosome began to appear on Earth about 130 million years ago. If, as is reckoned, life on Earth began 4.1 billion years ago, then for the first 4.08 billion years or thereabouts, there were no Y chromosomes on Earth. There was no male life on the planet for the first 4 billion years: only female life General.
One piece of physical evidence in grown adults that we men are fundamentally female is that we have nipples. We donâ€™t need nipples because we donâ€™t suckle babies. So why do we have them when they serve no purpose? They are there simply as testimony to the fact that we were on course to be girls until testosterone intervened and threw us off course at 7 weeks of age in our mothersâ€™ womb. Another piece of glaring evidence that we began as girls are those dangly bits down under and our vaunted prick. Most people are not aware that those precious balls began as ovaries and that imperious Dick began as a clit. That is the long and short of it General. Ultimately, every single man on Earth is an altered female.
Robert Morning Sky, an outspoken and highly objectiveÂ feminist, puts the argument in context thus: â€œA seed that will naturally become a rose is a rose seed. A seed that will naturally become a sunflower is a sunflower seed. If the seed of a rose is bathed in chemicals that cause the seed to yield another kind of flower, that new flower is an altered rose. If the seed of a sunflower is bathed in chemicals that cause the seed to yield another kind of flower, there is no question that the new flower is an altered sunflower. An embryo that will naturally become a female is therefore a female embryo. Therefore, if a female embryo is bathed in chemicals (testosterone) that cause it to yield another kind of human being, that new human being is an altered female.â€ How true General! Â
ENKI STANDS TALL
The primacy of the female race, which male chauvinism in our day and age criminally downplay,Â Â has led much of the cosmic citizenry to hold the belief â€“ wrongly â€“ that the creator of the universe is female, a creatrix. Indeed, the first souls to incarnate in the universe did so cloaked in predominantly female energy although as spirits they are genderless. It is therefore telling, General, that whilst the Sirian King retained his title as Anu, meaning â€œHe of Heavenâ€,Â the Orion Queen chose the official title of Eke (also rendered â€œEgeâ€ or â€œIgiâ€, meaning â€œCreatrixâ€), abbreviated as Ki, when the Sirian and Orion Empires merged.
It is also telling that of the two sovereigns, namely King Anu and Queen Eke, it is the latter who is senior, though one reason is that the male-dominated Sirian Empire was for all practical purposes assimilated by the mightier, female-dominatedÂ Orion Empire. What point are we trying to make General? It is that although Enki was supplanted by Enlil as Earthâ€™s Chief Executive, it was simplyÂ for administrative purposes. In the greater scheme of things, Enki retained his seniority being older than EnlilÂ and being the son of the great Orion Queen.
It explains why every time Enki had a child with an Earthling woman, General,Â the Enlilites did not follow suit to bring about a match: instead of generating their own hybrid dynasty, they chose the tactic of divide and rule, whereby they set one of Enkiâ€™s offspring against another and backed one, more so a younger brother or another eminent personageÂ in the genetic tree. In short, General, Earthâ€™s ruling line originally traces through Enki, who derives his clout from his great mother, the Orion empress.
THREE DIFFERENT ADAMS IN GENESIS
Christians, General, are hardly aware that Genesis talks not of one Adam but three. The English version of Genesis fuses the three into one composite being giving rise to a somewhat muddled account the clergy are at pains to untangle. The original Hebrew version is less ambiguous but it too does not crisply delineate the three Adams. Â Â Â Â The first Adam appears in GENESIS 1:26-29. This is not an individual: it is mankind in general. Adama in Hebrew means mankind. The passage reads as follows:
â€œThen God said, â€˜Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.â€™ So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them. And God blessed them. And God said to them, â€˜Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it, and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over every living thing that moves on the earth.â€™ And God said, â€˜Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the face of all the earth, and every tree with seed in its fruit. You shall have them for food.â€
Where you read â€œmanâ€ in the above passage, General, in the Hebrew version it is â€œAdamaâ€, which should best be translated as â€œThe Adamâ€. Thatâ€™s why at face value, the statement â€œin the image of God (Elohim in Hebrew) he created him; male and female he created themâ€ comes across as absurd in the English version as a â€œhimâ€ cannot be at once male and female. The Hebrew, however, makes it clear that this is talking about mankind in general.
This is the stage in the evolutionary process where mankind emerges from Homo Erectus. Of course weâ€™re aware by now that this did not happen naturally: it was contrived by the Anunnaki, the Old Testament gods represented by Enki, his step-sister Ninmah, and his genius son Zidda by way of genetic engineering. Thus the use of the term Elohim in the Hebrew version is apt: it identifies exactly who was responsible for the emergence of man â€“ the Anunnaki and not First Source, the real God.
The second Adam features in GENESIS 2:7-8/15-25, as well as the whole of GENESIS 3. This Adam was the first physiologically sound human being, the father of mankind. He was the first Homo Sapiens (â€œThinking Manâ€), also known as Neanderthal Man. This is the Adam who was married to Tiamat, wrongly identified as Eve in Genesis. This is the Adam who was taken to the Edin in modern-day IraqÂ and then expelled (by Enlil) after Enki intellectually conscientised him and the Shurrupak operation endued him with the capacity to produce young.
He was then returned to East Africa at Enkiâ€™s life sciences laboratory known as Bit Shimti, where the first Adam was created. The third Adam debuts in GENESIS 4. This is a particularly special Adam. In the Sumerian records, he is known as Adapa. Adapa was Enkiâ€™s biological son, Earthâ€™s first demigod being half human, half Anunnaki.
ADAM IS MANKINDâ€™S FIRST KING
Adam, the father of mankind, was a divisive figure General. Though initially despised by Enlil, the Bibleâ€™s primary Jehovah, he was highly prized by Enki, his creator. A primitive being in the early stages of his development, Adam went about stark naked but he was in due course dignified with clothes by Enki. This was not simply a civilising gesture: it was a profound move. By clothing him, Enki elevated him to the same social status as the Anunnaki â€“ a master.
As Enki continued to further enlighten and sophisticate Adam mentally and intellectually, the Enlilites took notice ofÂ him and he was duly instituted as the first human King of Earth. He was accordingly returned to Eridu in the Edin, from where he had initially been ejected by Enlil, and installed as King. He was King not over the Anunnaki though; only over fellow Earthlings, who he had himself spawned. But it was all ceremonial as he hardly had any sway over mankind: Enlil still called the shots over all and sundry anyway.
According to the Babylonian historian Berossus, Adam â€œruledâ€ for 46,800 years. Another King List titled WB-62 puts his total reign at 72,000 years. The Berossus list calls him Amelon, which means â€œWorkmanâ€ in Akkadian, the parent language of Hebrew. This is well in accord with the Sumerian Lulu Amelu, or primitive worker â€“ the purpose for which Adam was created. The WB-62 list calls him Enkidunnu, meaning â€œFashioned by Enkiâ€, another well-premised denomination.
Now, whilst Adam himself was bright and very civil thanks to his round-the-clock chaperoning by Enki, General, his offspring were not. Instead of intellectually advancing, they were actually regressing. They were reverting to the Ape-Man psyche and behavioural eccentricity as they reproduced. The Anunnaki component in them (the Adamic race DNA was partly Anunnaki as we have related) was receding. Enki decided it was time he arrested this degradation. He was going to bring into existence a civilised man who would be the prototype for a cleverer strain of mankind.
This time, however, Enki was not going to bring about the new â€œcreationâ€ using the laboratory route. He was going to do so naturally, by sexual reproduction in which he would be a direct participant. After all, he was famed for his sexual prowess, with his own daughters numbering among his conquests in this connection.
ADAPA IS MANKINDâ€™S FIRST PRIEST-KING
One day as Enki rode in a boat along a river in the Edin accompanied only by his vizier Isimud, General, he saw two ravishing female Lulus frolicking naked on the river bank. He made overtures to them and with their consent as witnessed by Isimud (he didnâ€™t want another â€œSudigateâ€ â€“ a fate that had befallen Enlil over his future wife Sud, who falsely claimed Enlil had violated her) had a threesome â€œquickieâ€ with them right on the boat. It turned out they had been ovulating as both became pregnant General. Nine months later, one gave birth to a boy and another a girl. This was in the 93rd shar, that is, 334,800 years after the Anunnakiâ€™s first landing on Earth, or about 110,000 years ago.
When Enki saw his two little bundles of joy, he was over the moon. They were so cherubic, so cute. He decided there and then that they were going to be raised up not among the Lulus but in his own cosy household. But what was he going to say to his wife Ninki? He and Isimud came up with an idea. He was to say the two kids were found stashed in reed baskets among the bulrushes as in the Moses story. The yarn worked: Ninki actually took a great liking to the highly adorable infants. And as was Anunnaki custom, it fell to her to confer names on them as the adoptive mother.
She called the boy Adapa, which can also be rendered as Atabba. Zechariah Sitchin translates this as â€œOne who was foundâ€. It makes sense as Ninki believed the babies were â€œtappedâ€ from a body of water (in Bemba, the dominant Zambian language, to â€œtapaâ€ is to draw water). But it could also mean â€œThe Multiplying Apaâ€ or â€œMultiplying Fatherâ€. Ata in Sumerian means to proliferate and apa was the ancient term for ape. Abba meant Father.
Adapa, who was white-skinned thanks to the markedly fair-skinned Enki, was indeed meant to be the progenitor of a new generation of civilised mankind. As for the girl, Ninki named her Titi, meaning â€œLady of Lifeâ€, also rendered Ninkhawa. In Hebrew, this is Hawah, shortened Awa â€“ Eve in English. But the root verb that gave rise to Hawah was Hayah, meaning â€œto liveâ€.
Since Titi was fathered by Enki, the Enlilites would in future deride her as the â€œSerpent Ladyâ€, just as they would do Mardukâ€™s wife. This mockery would over time inform the Arabic word for female serpent â€“ Hayah. Upon attaining 21 years of age, Adapa, General, was officially crowned as Priest-King. According to the WB-62 pre-diluvial King List (where he appears as Enmenluanna, meaning â€œEnkiâ€™s Man of Heavenâ€, an epithet that commemorated his celestial journey to Nibiru), he ruled for 21,600 years.
The Berossus list accords him a reign of 36,000 years. As Priest-King, Adapaâ€™s duties included the interpretation of the will of the Anunnaki; the representation ofÂ Earthlings before the Anunnaki; the administration of justice as well as the entire realm; and supervision of the Temple clergy, the term temple simply meaning the abode of Enki and not a house of worship as at the time there was no such thing.
Although Enlil looked down on Adapa by virtue of his being a Lulu, he simply had to recognise him for what he was. King Anu had â€œAnu-nointedâ€ him as the first civilised human King. He was the designated progenitor of a bloodline that would rule Earth forever. This bloodline would over time come to be known as the Sangreal, meaning â€œBlood Royalâ€ â€“ the now famous Holy Grail lore which in our day was popularised by Dan Brown in his blockbuster fact-based novel titled The Da Vinci Code. It is this same bloodline, General,Â that spawned Jesus and the original Western monarchs as well as the subject of this series â€“ Princess Diana.
NEXT WEEK:Â THE ANNUNNAKI ERAâ€™S FIRST ARISTOCRATIC TWIN LULUSÂ Â Â Â
Princess Mary falls pregnant only one month after her betrothal to Prince Joseph
To put the lineage of Mary the mother of Jesus in context, General Atiku, it is in order that we begin with her grandfather Yehoshua (Jesus in Greek) III.
Mary was offspring of two royal lines, the Davidic line and the Hasmonean line. Yehoshua III was the Herod–appointed High Priest of Israel between 36 and 23 BC. He had no sons, only three daughters namely Joanna, Elizabeth, and Anna, all of whom he organised dynastic suitors.
Elizabeth would be married off into the House of Aaron, the legitimate priestly line, and Joanna and Anna would be married off into the House of David, the legitimate kingly line. That’s how Elizabeth became the wife of Zechariah of the tribe of Levi and in due course the mother of John the Baptist.
Mainstream Israel up to the level of the Sanhedrin had recognised Anna as the eligible mother of the future King of Israel and not the sitting impostor Herod (it is not clear what happened to first-born Joanna but she probably passed away before she got married). Anna was accordingly married off to Alexander III, a Davidic and Hasmonean prince who was best known as Heli as indeed the genealogy of Luke clearly attests.
Heli and Anna too had no sons. They only had daughters, the firstborn of whom was Dorcas, whose was born in 26 BC and whose titular name was Mary. Mary was orphaned early in her childhood when her father Heli was killed in 17 BC at the orders of the increasingly paranoid Herod and when her mother Anna died a year or so later.
Since she was a dynastic heiress, it was likely that Herod would come after her. The Essenes thus secreted her somewhere in remote Galilee. It was actually in Galilee that most members of the Davidic royal line were concentrated not only to keep as far away from Herod as possible but to also enjoy the protective custody of the Zealots, who were the secret military wing of the Essenes and a thorn in the side of both Herod and the Romans. Joseph was also officially based in Galilee although both he and Mary were in truth based at Qumran in the Judean wilds.
JOSEPH CALLED TO “DUTY”
Dynastic marriages are often more politically strategic than spontaneous, General. For example, the union of Prince Charles and Princess Diana was motivated by the need to fuse the Windsor genes with those of the Stuarts as the Windsors, being predominantly Reptilians, were finding it increasingly difficult to maintain their human form.
The Stuarts, the clan of Diana, had by far more human genes than Reptilian and they too were an aristocratic family. That’s why once Charles had produced a “heir and a spare”, he completely sidelined Diana, who he had never loved, and devoted himself to his real love – Camilla Parker-Bowles.
The marriage of Joseph to Mary, General, was equally strategic. Although both were from the tribe of Judah and of the royal Davidic line, they were from different branches. Joseph was a descendant of Solomon, whereas Mary was a descendant of Nathan, Solomon’s elder brother. The line of Solomon, as we once underlined, had been tainted by the Jeconiah curse.
The line of Nathan was clean. Since the son of Joseph and Mary would be the future King of Israel, it was important that he not be compromised by the baggage, rightly or wrongly, of the Jeconiah curse. Hence the desirability of the union of Prince Joseph and Princess Mary.
Now, both Joseph and Mary’s clans were Essenes. As such, their marriage process, formalities, and protocols had to strictly adhere to Essene dynastic rules. The Essenes were in ranks. Amongst the higher echelons were the two great dynasties, the Davids and the Zadoks, who had been the high priests and kings of Israel respectively before the destruction of the Temple by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BC.
The Davids and Zadoks lived a strictly holy life, typically in a monastery at Qumran, the reclusive headquarters of the Essenes. They were sequestered there so that they did not fall prey to the machinations of the bloodthirsty King Herod though officially their address was Galilee. In fact, the major reason the Essene movement had come into existence was to preserve and safeguard the Davidic and Zadokite lines, the religio-politico haunt of Herod and the Hasmoneans initially.
According to the Essene code, General, the Zadoks and the Davids were not to engage in sex for recreational purposes because it was regarded as defiling: it diluted holiness. The only times they were supposed to do so was when need arose to produce heirs. In 8 BC, it was now opportune for Joseph, the David, to produce a heir and so he was excused from a life of chastity.
At this point in time in fact, the Essenes were focused on two dynastic figures. These were Joseph and Zechariah. The two were expected to produce the Messiah of David and the Messiah of Aaron, that is, the future King of Israel and the future High Priest of Israel.
According to Essene rules, the David had to marry at age 36, so that by the time he was 40, he had already sired a heir. The new heir had to be born when the David was 37. If the child was a daughter, she could not inherit, and so the David had to set about the procreation of a second-born, who hopefully would be a boy (copulation to that end was allowed only when the daughter was 3 years old).
The Davidic heir had to be born not in any other month but in September, the holiest in the Jewish calendar. In order to conform to these parameters, a betrothal ceremony was held at the beginning of June. During the betrothal period – the three months from beginning of June to end of August – sexual relations were not permitted.
Then at the beginning of September, a First Marriage was held. This was the beginning of the marriage proper as now the couple were allowed to become intimate. However, the intimacy began only in December, with a view to delivering a heir in September the following year. At the end of March, the Second Marriage was held for it was hoped that by that time the spouse was three months pregnant if there hadn’t been a miscarriage. With the Second Marriage, the wedlock was permanent: divorce was never allowed whatsoever.
Meanwhile, General, if the spouse hadn’t conceived in December, sexual relations were suspended till December the following year. The husband would then leave her spouse and return either to the monastery at Qumran or embark on a tour of duty elsewhere in furtherance of the Essene cause.
A BINDING ENGAGEMENT
According to the Dead Sea Scrolls, General, the Essenes were not only a spiritual, revolutionary, and philosophical movement. They were also ardent believers in astrology. They meticulously studied the stars and the movements of planets to read what they portended about the future.
Thus the reason a Davidic heir had to be born in September was not only because this was the holiest month of the year: it was also in recognition of the fact that September was ruled by the constellation Virgo. In other words, September was astrologically the month of the virgin. That was what Mary was.
Mary was both a virgin physically and a virgin titularly. A bride of the future king was required to be a virgin. As an Essene, Mary belonged to the Order (not the tribe) of Dan. This was the Order of Nuns, or virgins, both legal and physical virgins. Thus in the Order of Dan, a woman was not a virgin only before she slept with a man: she was a virgin until she was six months pregnant. In the case of a dynastic spouse like Mary, this was up to end of June. From then henceforth, she was promoted within the Order to the first stage of a Mother.
Joseph’s betrothal to Mary took place at Qumran in June 8 BC. Now, in our day, betrothal simply means engagement to be married. In ancient Israel up to New Testament times, betrothal was part and parcel of the marriage contract. It was definite and binding upon both groom and bride, who were considered as man and wife in all legal and religious aspects, except that sexual relations were not permitted.
For example, in 2 SAMUEL 3:14, King David refers to his betrothed woman as “my wife”. Also in DEUTERONOMY 22:24, a betrothed woman is referred to as “his neighbour’s wife”. In the betrothal formalities, dowry and bride price were included. If a bride and groom for one reason or the other wanted to opt out of the betrothal after the betrothal ceremony, they had to seek a formal divorce.
Since the betrothal took place in June, General, Joseph and Mary were not supposed to make love till December, that is, six months after the betrothal ceremony and three months after the First Marriage ceremony in September. Just one month after the betrothal ceremony (that is, at the beginning of July 8 BC), however, Mary became pregnant. Was it Joseph, General? Was it rape by a Roman soldier called Panthera as some contemporary records suggest? Or was it simply the supernatural act of the “Holy Spirit” as Christendom holds?
THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS
Those who hold that the circumstances of Mary’s pregnancy were supernatural, General, can be excused. This is because the language employed therein smacks of ethereality – Holy Spirit, Angel Gabriel, Son of the Most High, etc. To those who have read and rigorously studied the Dead Sea Scrolls, however, such terminology is well within the temporal context.
That is to say, it does not carry spiritual connotations as such. True, the idea of an angel speaking to Joseph and Mary in their sleep may seem supernatural but the dreams are theological interpolations, inserted into the gospels in onward editing to fit a contrived agenda – what Karl Marx called the opium of the masses.
The Dead Sea Scrolls are so named because they were discovered in caves around the Qumran plateau of the West Bank (about 40 km east of Jerusalem), at the northwest corner of the Dead Sea, in March 1947. The discoverer was a Bedouin shepherd kid who was looking for a lost goat. The scrolls were found hidden in jars.
The 1947 find was the initial discovery: more discoveries were made after further excavations on the same site spanning 11 years in a series of 11 caves. Altogether, 972 texts were turned up. They are written in four languages, namely Hebrew (the majority), Aramaic, Greek, and Nabatean, mostly on parchment. Other texts were inscribed on papyrus and bronze.
Most of the Dead Sea Scrolls are fragments. Fragments of all the Old Testament books have been found save for the book of Esther. The only complete book is Isaiah. There are also apocryphal books (those arbitrarily excluded from the Old Testament canon by the Constantine-convened Nicene Council of AD 325) such as the Book of Enoch and the Book of Jubilees, and sect-specific writings that embody rules and beliefs of the people who compiled them.
The latter include commentaries on the Old Testament, paraphrases that expand on the Law of Moses, rule books of the community, war conduct, thanksgiving psalms, hymnic compositions, benedictions, liturgical texts, and sapiential (wisdom) writing. These texts have been given appropriate titles such as the War Scroll; Manual of Discipline; the Community Rule; the Temple Scroll; the Copper Scroll; etc.
The Dead Sea Scrolls were written/preserved by the Essenes between 168 BC and 68 AD. We know this because Pliny, the first century Roman historian, wrote that, “On the west coast of Lake Asphaltitis (the Dead Sea) are settled the Essenes, at some distance from the noisome odours that are experienced on the shore itself.
They are a lonely people, the most extraordinary in the world, who live without women, without love, without money, with the palm trees for their only companions.” The Essenes stashed away the scrolls sometime in 70 AD, when Roman General Flavius Titus overran Jerusalem and laid waste to the Temple following a catastrophic Jewish uprising – led by the Zealots, the military wing of the Essenes – that began in 66 BC.
This they did in heed of JEREMIAH 32:14, which says, “Thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel; Take these evidences … and put them in an earthen vessel, that they may continue many days.” The Dead Sea Scrolls have given us invaluable insight into the beliefs, customs, rituals, politics, philosophies, and traditions of first century Palestine.
How Jesus’s grandfather sold his birthright to megalomaniac Herod
If you were to ask a Christian to name the main Jewish sects, General Atiku, he would no doubt begin with the Pharisees (because Jesus had innumerable slanging matches with them according to the gospels), followed by the Sadducees. Yet there was a third, equally momentous sect – the Essenes.
Although there’s not a single, one mention of the Essenes in the Bible, General, the New Testament is filled with Essene-type language as anybody who has read the Dead Sea Scrolls would readily recognise.
In point of fact, it was the Essenes who produced Jesus as well as the infamous Jewish band of freedom fighters known as the Zealots. Furthermore, almost all the New Testament writers were either Essenes or champions of the Essene cause as is apparent in their language and the drift of their overall philosophy. The Essenes have a palpable presence in the Bible, albeit a cloaked one.
The Essenes, General, were the most popular, the most esteemed, and the most influential of the Jewish sects. The Jewish historian Philo (20 BC-50 AD) devotes 90 percent of his description of the Jewish sects to the Essenes. He wrote that the Essenes “dwell in many cities of Judea and in many villages and in great societies of many numbers”.
Hyppolytus of Rome (170-236 AD) devoted nine-and-half chapters to the Essenes and only one to the Sadducees. The Essenes are the authors of the famous Dead Sea Scrolls, which were discovered in 1947 in Israel at a place called Qumran and which have given us even greater insight into the happenings in the first century than the Bible itself.
How did the Essene movement come about, General? The Essenes, meaning “puritans of the faith”, were the Jewish sect that was the most loyal to the Davidic dynasty. They set themselves apart from the mainstream Jewish community circa 175 BC and established their headquarters at Qumran, about 40 km from Jerusalem.
Since the Jewish nation revered the Davidic royal line, the only legitimate and rightful rulers of Judah in their view, they rallied to the Essenes en masse. And because the Essenes were disparaging of the Hasmonean rule (140 BC to 63 BC), the mainstream Jews also took a dismissive view of Hasmonean rule too.
The Essenes were so highly regarded because of their virtue and spirituality. The legendary Jewish historian Flavius Josephus (37-100 AD) writes thus of them: “They are more mutually affectionate than the others (Pharisees and Sadducees). Whereas these men shun the pleasures as vice, they consider self-control and not succumbing to the passions virtue … Since [they are] despisers of wealth – their communal stock is astonishing – one cannot find a person among them who has more in terms of possessions.
For by a law, those coming into the school (that is, the Essene fold) must yield up their funds to the order, with the result that in all [their ranks] neither the humiliation of poverty nor the superiority of wealth is detectable, but the assets of each one have been mixed in together, as if they were brothers, to create one fund for all.”
In time, the Essenes, General, became quite influential even with occupying powers. For instance, when the Greek General Pompey installed Hyrcanus II as ruler of Palestine in 63 BC, he sought the opinion of the Essenes. The Essenes recommended that Hyrcanus go by the titles High Priest and Prince, not King, to which Pompey paid heed. In 142 BC, when Simon was installed by the Seleucids as ruler of Palestine, the Essenes had insisted on the same titular style. To the Essenes, everybody who occupied Israel’s seat of authority was simply holding fort for the real deal – the Davidic King.
In 37 BC, when Herod became King of Palestine, the potential Davidic King was Jacob-Eliakim – the father of the Joseph of the gospels – who was an Essene himself. It was in order to win the blessings of the historically popular Jewish royal family that Herod sought to curry favour with the Essenes.
JACOB’S PACT WITH HEROD
About the time Herod came to power, General, there were three citizens of considerable stature in Palestine – Hillel, Menahem, and Jacob-Eliakim, the grandfather of Jesus. Hillel is by all accounts ancient Israel’s greatest teacher and scholar.
He was the foremost spiritual sage in the development of the Talmud and the Mishnah, the most authoritative religious references of the Jews which are second only to the Old Testament in esteem. The renowned “Golden Rule”, which is invariably attributed to Jesus, was actually coined by Hillel. It is not certain whether Hillel was an Essene but his teachings did have a profound influence both on Essene philosophy and that of Jesus, who was an Essene too.
It was Menahem, however, who was an incontrovertible Essene. The Essenes were of two main branches, General. First, there were the puritans, the Palestinian Essenes. Then there were the liberals, the Diaspora Essenes, who sneered at the Palestinian Essenes’ dogmatism and rather strict views on morality. Menahem was the leader of the Diaspora Essenes.
He was also privilleged to be advisor to King Herod. Herod did hold Menahem in very high regard. Josephus relates that when Herod was a school-going lad, Menahem had patted him on his back and said to him, “one day you will be King young man.” Since the prophecy came to pass, Herod had a certain, atypical respect both for Menahem and the order of Essenes.
Jacob-Eliakim’s significance was by virtue of his pedigree. He was of the royal line of David and was therefore the uncrowned King of the Jews. Now, as we have already indicated, Herod had his own grand designs about rulership of the world notwithstanding the fact that he was in reality a vassal of Rome.
When he made overtures to the trio, they didn’t mince words: they told him that in the new Israel, the Israel that would rule Earth once the Romans had been toppled from the pedestal of world power, it was a Davidic King who would reign. Herod took very strong exception to such a prospect. Herod was neither a full-blooded Jew nor of Davidic stock but he was royalty in his own right.
His father, Antipater, had been the governor of Idumea and in due course Judea in the Hasmonean government and was in fact the real ruler of the entire Palestine, with John Hyrcanus being a mere figurehead king. When he (Herod) was only 25 years old, his father had appointed him governor of Galilee. Herod thus had strutted the corridors of power from the day he was born and he wasn’t going to give that up easily either for his own sake or that of his descendants.
As such, General, Herod maintained to the trio that in the new, overarching Kingdom of Israel, he was going to be the emperor and would be based in Jerusalem. Just like the Greek empire of Alexander had been a triarchy (a kingdom divided into three governments), the global Kingdom of Israel (“Thy Kingdom Come” in the Lord’s Prayer) was going to be likewise.
There was going to be a ruler in the east, a ruler in the west, and a ruler in the centre, that is Jerusalem, under the oversight of Herod himself. Hillel would rule in Jerusalem; Menahem in the east; and Jacob-Eliakim in the west. If these three happened to have disappeared from the Earthly scene by the time the Kingdom of Israel came into being, their descendants would observe the same setup.
The pecking order would thus be like this: Herod as the emperor; Hillel as the senior king; Menahem as the second-ranked king; and Jacob-Eliakim as the junior king. Put differently, Herod had by the stroke of a pen reduced the Davidic dynasty from foremost to least important as it posed the most serious threat to his office. Meanwhile, the three kings-in-waiting would go by the names of the Old Testament patriarchs.
Hillel would henceforth be called the Abraham, or the Father (or Papa, which later morphed into Pope), since Abraham was the Father of the Jewish nation; Menahem would be called the Isaac (Abraham’s son); and Eliakim the Jacob (Isaac’s son). Half a loaf was better than nothing at all and so Jacob-Eliakim meekly accepted this arrangement.
When Jesus later said, “Many will come from east and west and sit at table with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in the new Kingdom of Heaven (MATTHEW 8:11),” he did not mean an afterlife kingdom: he referred to the Earthly setup proposed by King Herod.
FALLOUT WITH ESSENES
Those days, General, the Davidic heir used the title “Jacob” rather than “David” as the latter title was very risky, particularly under the Hasmonean government. Given that Joseph was the most beloved son of the Old Testament Jacob, the next in line, that is, the firstborn son of the Jacob, used the title “Joseph”.
In September 44 BC, a son was born to Jacob-Eliakim. As the crown prince to the Jacob, he was given the titular name Joseph, the name by which he became best-known. Like his father Jacob-Eliakim, Joseph was a missionary. But he also had a trade. He was a carpenter, a boat builder primarily, and a master of his craft. The word translated “carpenter” in the Bible is the ancient Greek word “ho hekton” which means a master artisan or craftsman.
In 31 BC, Qumran, the Essenes’ Judean wilderness bastion, was struck by an earthquake. The hermitic Essenes had no choice but to trek back to Jerusalem, from where they operated indefinitely at a place they called the Essene Gate. Then in 23 BC, Herod struck again. He had Jacob-Eliakim killed on trumped-up charges of sedition, his motive simply being a continuation of a systematic purge of the Davidic “pretenders” to his throne.
The Essenes were wroth. They now set about promulgating to the Diaspora Essenes that Herod would have no part to play in the coming Kingdom. Instead, the overall King would be Joseph, the son of Jacob-Eliakim. This, General, was the beginning of a permanent rift between Herod and the Essene sect.
THE SAGA OF JOSEPH
The prospective global world, General, was subdivided into ten provinces to facilitate governance and tax collection. Palestine would have two provinces, Judea and Samaria, the latter of which would include Galilee. Asia Minor (largely present-day Turkey), where the bulk of Diaspora Jews were concentrated, would have five provinces.
The last three provinces would be Babylon, Rome, and Alexandria in Egypt. The future capital of the West was not Rome: it was Ephesus in Asia Minor. Having been allocated the West, it was in Ephesus and Alexandria that Jacob-Eliakim spent most of his time evangelizing to fellow Jews about the future Kingdom of Israel. This was the beginning of the New Covenant, whereby Jews who converted to the ideal of a new Kingdom of Israel were baptised by immersion in water.
To mainstream Palestinian Jews, General, Jacob-Eliakim was a sellout. Herod had demoted his pedigree but to somewhat placate him, he gave him the honorary title of Patriarch or Prince of Jerusalem. By subordinating the Davidic throne-in-waiting to Herod, Jacob-Eliakim had gone against what the nation of Israel’s God, Enlil, the Bible’s main Jehovah, decreed – that every King of Judah had to be a descendant of David. So when the unpredictable Herod had him killed in 23 BC for “sedition”, as part of a pogrom against the line of David, there was very little sympathy for him.
In 44 BC, Joseph had been born to Jacob-Eliakim. Joseph was a title: it was not his real name. At the death of his father, Joseph became the Jacob. However, he preferred the title “David”, the more apt one historically. Joseph would become the father of Jesus. When Joseph attained 30 years of age in 14 BC, his uncles and the Essene sages sent him to Rome and Alexandria to do his part in missionary work, which was simply about promulgating to the Diaspora Jews the future Kingdom of Israel in which a Son of David, that is a descendant of King David, would rule. Egypt was also a special place because Joseph’s maternal relations were Egyptians.
Jacob-Eliakim, General, had two wives. The one was called Euchariah, a Jewish princess, of whom very little is known, and the other, the dynastic wife, was an Egyptian princess, a daughter of Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Julius Caesar. Jacob-Eliakim and this princess had three sons: they were Joseph, the father of Jesus, and the twins Cleopas (after whom James, Jesus’ immediate younger brother, whose given name was Cleopas, was named) and Ptolas. Joseph was thus the Davidian Prince of Israel as well as contender to Crown Prince of Egypt. Despite pretences to the contrary on the part of the Jews, Egypt and Israel have always had ties of monarchical kinship.
In 8 BC, General, Joseph was required by Essene custom to return home and fulfill his obligations for a dynastic marriage. A wife-to-be had already been chosen for him by his uncles and other patriarchal Essenes. This was Dorcas, better known today by her title name Mary.
It used to be that a phone number was fixed item in a fixed location (your home, your office, etc.) Call someone and they’re not there, no problem, leave a message or call again later. Not any more.
Now we associate a phone number with a person, and the expectation is that wherever you are, whatever time of day or night it might be, you’re accessible. It’s astonishing and alarming that we feel we should be constantly available. This morning I sent a message to a colleague asking if it was convenient to call (remember the days when you would just do it without asking permission?) and half an hour later I received his apologetic response, “Sorry I was not looking at my phone.” His guilt was tangible as he considered 30 minutes too long to have not checked his device. That’s where the bar has been set nowadays.
Like many I have been working remotely on and off for the past year. It’s the new normal, the changing nature of the world of work, blah, blah, blah. Twitter told its employees they can work remotely forever. Coinbase has proclaimed themselves to be a “a remote-first” company and according to Microsoft, Facebook, Google they have told workers they don’t need them back in the office for a year. But, while many are embracing what looks like a workable and easy solution, I am having some doubts and not just about meeting the expectation of being available 24/7.
A few weeks ago, I was facilitating a strategy session remotely for a company with which I have a management contract. Because I am conscious of the research which suggests that video conferencing requires more focus than face-to-face chats and because of the energy required to stay ‘connected’, it was designed as 4 half-day Zoom sessions. It’s a small team which I know well and intimately yet by the third session I halted the process and boarded a plane the following week to roll up my sleeves and do the work that quite simply could not in this instance be done remotely.
There were several reasons why I felt my physical presence was necessary, not least of which was that on Zoom I was missing so much of the non-verbal cues like facial expressions, the tone and pitch of the voice, and body language. As the facilitator tasked with achieving an objective, it felt like I was climbing a mountain single handed, dragging each participant along. The disconnect was palpable – our minds may have been together, but our bodies were not – and that dissonance was having a huge negative effect.
If you’re a leader you know very that your ability to communicate is critical and it is likely to be one of your most important assets. You can do that on Whatsapp, Zoom or over the phone but the power of being present, not just psychologically but physically, is necessary – at least occasionally or when the work to be done is critical.
Looking back on what ended up being a highly positive engagement which achieved the desired results, I know that it could never have been achieved on the video call. It scares me now that I thought it could and I will have to re-set. That may change in the future but for now, for me, a remote approach to team facilitation involving complex work where participation, commitment and creativity is required has serious limitations even with a homogeneous group.
What worries me however is how much we have bought into the notion that working remotely is the way to go. I have been an advocate of it and, may have carried on merrily down that road (perhaps because the narrative suits me at the moment) rarely questioning if I was missing something or being ineffective, but my experience has really called its efficacy into question.
Remote working is not all dubious for me now. )ne of the most significant changes and benefits is with performance management. Having employees work remotely has forced me to focus attention on work done, not on hours worked. A change that staff have reported to me is that they feel more compelled to produce work instead of getting caught up on the busy-ness of being at the office where they are pulled this way, then that and down a dozen different rabbit holes, resulting in them exhibiting super frenetic behaviour, albeit with very little to show for it. Instead, staff report they are more likely to prioritise now and think about what to produce for the day.
When remote working started, I knew that we would have to figure it out as we went along but maybe weighing the pros and cons is a little more complicated than I realised. I have not even mentioned people who don’t want to or can’t work remotely because of a host of socio-economic reasons. And, besides the fact that tele-driven work is not feasible for all sectors and jobs, what about the work life balance, the gender divide and employees’ need for separation of home and office.
The other thing which feels obvious is when people work together physically, they are more likely to feel part of a team sharing a joint purpose. That’s difficult to recreate online. Trust me, it is exactly the problem I ran into. You may talk about online engagement but, it’s hardly the same thing as being in someone’s space, looking into their eyes, sensing, and intuiting through an experience which is wholly human and natural. It’s not easy to get the model right. Much needs to be taken into consideration.
Maybe it boils down to one simple thing. Real human interaction is familiar. It’s comfortable. It’s easy to use. And it has fared us well in for generations up until this moment. If we take it too much of it away it might just end up being the biggest killer of results and productivity in the office today. Because if working together is key, how is that to be fully achieved apart