The Minister of Finance and Economic Development (the Minister) Honourable Thapelo Matsheka has finally signed the Transfer Duty Amendment Act after it was passed by parliament in August 2019.
Notable changes include the Transfer Duty (duty) collection being moved from the office of the Registrar of Deeds (Registrar) to the Botswana Unified Revenue Service (BURS). This amendment attempts to optimise tax revenue collection and ensure that the duty is collected by the Revenue Authority.
This is a step in the right direction as there has been complaints in the past in relation to levies that are administered by different departments or ministries. BURS should ensure that they have capacity to administer this and that there are measures in place to ensure smooth transition and clients are adequately assisted.
Another administrative issue is the issuance of an exemption certificate to buyers of land where they are involved in a transaction that is exempted from Transfer Duty in terms of the Transfer Duty Act. For instance, instead of attaching a receipt (indicating proof of payment of the duty to the Commissioner General) to the application for transfer of the immoveable property the exemption certificate shall be attached as indication that the buyer is not subject to payment of the duty.
Buyers of immoveable property have encountered difficulties in the past relating to duty exemption on properties that have been subject to Value Added Tax (VAT), especially zero rated transactions, and this provision will now ease transfer of such property. In efforts to combat the under declaration of property values, a valuation certificate issued by a property valuer registered in accordance with Real Estate Professionals Act is to be submitted to BURS to determine Transfer Duty payable.
This is to ensure that buyers do not evade tax by providing the Commissioner General with low values and paying no or less transfer duty. The Commissioner General will also be empowered to either accept the declaration made by the purchaser or to determine the market value of such property through independent valuers or such information that may be necessary to determine a market value. The Commissioner General’s declared value may be subject to objection by the taxpayer and the two may settle for an agreed price within the confines of the Transfer Duty Act.
The exemption list has also been amended to include among others first-time home owners. The amendment as it is will only benefit buyers who acquire their immoveable property from individuals/businesses not registered for VAT or from sale in execution transactions and it is advisable to use that route for one to enjoy the exemption. Notable inclusions that will be beneficial to buyers is the increase of exempted value from P200, 000 to P1, 000, 000.
This means that for any purchase of property less than P1, 000, 000 a buyer will not be subjected to transfer duty and will only pay duty on the excess. Divorcees getting property from distribution of their estate where they were married in community of property will also not be subject to Transfer Duty.
Exemption of duty for surviving spouses and dependants acquiring property from deceased spouses will now apply across all marriage regimes; currently exemption is only enjoyed by spouses who were married in community of property. Currently sale of tribal land is not subject to Transfer Duty and many have been enjoying the exemption through sale of land in places like Tlokweng and Mmopane.
Tribal land will now be included among properties that are chargeable to Transfer Duty from 1st of March. This may be among efforts by the government to increase tax revenue base, among other amendments that will increase the tax base is the increase of rate from 5% to 30% for purchase of property by non-citizens. Currently only purchase of agricultural land by non-citizens was subject to 30% duty.
Another amendment of interest is that a mere registration of a lease or grant of lease/concession from the Land Board will attract payment of transfer duty; this may be targeting high value lands in the Pandamatenga, Chobe and Okavango areas reserved for tourism and agriculture. The provision is less likely to affect individuals granted land for residential purposes as most of their values are likely to be less than P1, 000, 000.
The 12% simple interest will be replaced a by P20, 000 penalty plus additional interest of 1.5% compound interest on unpaid/uncollected duty, these are among efforts by BURS to encourage compliance among acquirers of property. NB: This was first published on the 17th November 2018 edition and has been edited to include updates made after the bill was passed.
Seventy-seven years ago, on the evening of December 2, 1943, the Germans launched a surprise air raid on allied shipping in the Italian port of Bari, which was then the key supply centre for the British 8th army’s advance in Italy.
The attack was spearheaded by 105 Junkers JU88 bombers under the overall command of the infamous Air Marshal Wolfram von Richthofen (who had initially achieved international notoriety during the Spanish Civil War for his aerial bombardment of Guernica). In a little over an hour the German aircraft succeeded in sinking 28 transport and cargo ships, while further inflicting massive damage to the harbour’s facilities, resulting in the port being effectively put out of action for two months.
Over two thousand ground personnel were killed during the raid, with the release of a secret supply of mustard gas aboard one of the destroyed ships contributing to the death toll, as well as subsequent military and civilian casualties. The extent of the later is a controversy due to the fact that the American and British governments subsequently covered up the presence of the gas for decades.
At least five Batswana were killed and seven critically wounded during the raid, with one of the wounded being miraculously rescued floating unconscious out to sea with a head wound. He had been given up for dead when he returned to his unit fourteen days later. The fatalities and casualties all occurred when the enemy hit an ammunition ship adjacent to where 24 Batswana members of the African Pioneer Corps (APC) 1979 Smoke Company where posted.
Thereafter, the dozen surviving members of the unit distinguished themselves for their efficiency in putting up and maintaining smokescreens in their sector, which was credited with saving additional shipping. For his personal heroism in rallying his men following the initial explosions Company Corporal Chitu Bakombi was awarded the British Empire Medal, while his superior officer, Lieutenant N.F. Moor was later given an M.B.E.
Remember: bricks and cement are used to build a house, but mutual love, respect and companionship are used to build a HOME. And amongst His signs is this: He creates for you mates out of your own kind, so that you may find contentment (Sukoon) with them, and He engenders love and tenderness between you; in this behold, there are signs (messages) indeed for people who reflect and think (Quran 30:21).
This verse talks about contentment; this implies companionship, of their being together, sharing together, supporting one another and creating a home of peace. This verse also talks about love between them; this love is both physical and emotional. For love to exist it must be built on the foundation of a mutually supportive relationship guided by respect and tenderness. As the Quran says; ‘they are like garments for you, and you are garments for them (Quran 2:187)’. That means spouses should provide each other with comfort, intimacy and protection just as clothing protects, warms and dignifies the body.
In Islam marriage is considered an ‘ibaadah’, (an act of pleasing Allah) because it is about a commitment made to each other, that is built on mutual love, interdependence, integrity, trust, respect, companionship and harmony towards each other. It is about building of a home on an Islamic foundation in which peace and tranquillity reigns wherein your offspring are raised in an atmosphere conducive to a moral and upright upbringing so that when we all stand before Him (Allah) on that Promised Day, He will be pleased with them all.
Most marriages start out with great hopes and rosy dreams; spouses are truly committed to making their marriages work. However, as the pressures of life mount, many marriages change over time and it is quite common for some of them to run into problems and start to flounder as the reality of living with a spouse that does not meet with one’s pre-conceived ‘expectations’. However, with hard work and dedication, couples can keep their marriages strong and enjoyable. How is it done? What does it take to create a long-lasting, satisfying marriage?
Below are some of the points that have been taken from a marriage guidance article I read recently and adapted for this purposes.
POSITIVITY Spouses should have far more positive than negative interactions. If there is too much negativity — criticizing, demanding, name-calling, holding grudges, etc. — the relationship will suffer. However, if there is never any negativity, it probably means that frustrations and grievances are not getting ‘air time’ and unresolved tension is accumulating inside one or both partners waiting to ‘explode’ one day.
“Let not some men among you laugh at others: it may be that the (latter) are better than the (former): nor let some women laugh at others: it may be that the (latter) are better than the (former): nor defame nor be sarcastic to each other, nor call each other by (offensive) nicknames.” (49:11)
We all have our individual faults though we may not see them nor want to admit to them but we will easily identify them in others. The key is balance between the two extremes and being supportive of one another. To foster positivity in a marriage that help make them stable and happy, being affectionate, truly listening to each other, taking joy in each other’s achievements and being playful are just a few examples of positive interactions. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “The believers who show the most perfect faith are those who have the best character and the best of you are those who are best to their wives”
Another characteristic of happy marriages is empathy; understanding your spouses’ perspective by putting oneself in his or her shoes. By showing that understanding and identifying with your spouse is important for relationship satisfaction. Spouses are more likely to feel good about their marriage and if their partner expresses empathy towards them. Husbands and wives are more content in their relationships when they feel that their partners understand their thoughts and feelings.
Successful married couples grow with each other; it simply isn’t wise to put any person in charge of your happiness. You must be happy with yourself before anyone else can be. You are responsible for your actions, your attitudes and your happiness. Your spouse just enhances those things in your life. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “Treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and committed helpers.”
Successful marriages involve both spouses’ commitment to the relationship. The married couple should learn the art of compromise and this usually takes years. The largest parts of compromise are openness to the other’s point of view and good communication when differences arise.
When two people are truly dedicated to making their marriage work, despite the unavoidable challenges and obstacles that come, they are much more likely to have a relationship that lasts. Husbands and wives who only focus on themselves and their own desires are not as likely to find joy and satisfaction in their relationships.
Another basic need in a relationship is each partner wants to feel valued and respected. When people feel that their spouses truly accept them for who they are, they are usually more secure and confident in their relationships. Often, there is conflict in marriage because partners cannot accept the individual preferences of their spouses and try to demand change from one another. When one person tries to force change from another, he or she is usually met with resistance.
However, change is much more likely to occur when spouses respect differences and accept each other unconditionally. Basic acceptance is vital to a happy marriage. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “It is the generous (in character) who is good to women, and it is the wicked who insults them.” “Overlook (any human faults) with gracious forgiveness.” (Quran 15:85)
COMPASSION, MUTUAL LOVE AND RESPECT
Other important components of successful marriages are love, compassion and respect for each other. The fact is, as time passes and life becomes increasingly complicated, the marriage is often stressed and suffers as a result. A happy and successful marriage is based on equality. When one or the other dominates strongly, intimacy is replaced by fear of displeasing.
It is all too easy for spouses to lose touch with each other and neglect the love and romance that once came so easily. It is vital that husbands and wives continue to cultivate love and respect for each other throughout their lives. If they do, it is highly likely that their relationships will remain happy and satisfying. Move beyond the fantasy and unrealistic expectations and realize that marriage is about making a conscious choice to love and care for your spouse-even when you do not feel like it.
Seldom can one love someone for whom we have no respect. This also means that we have to learn to overlook and forgive the mistakes of one’s partner. In other words write the good about your partner in stone and the bad in dust, so that when the wind comes it blows away the bad and only the good remains.
Paramount of all, marriage must be based on the teachings of the Noble Qur’an and the teachings and guidance of our Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). To grow spiritually in your marriage requires that you learn to be less selfish and more loving, even during times of conflict. A marriage needs love, support, tolerance, honesty, respect, humility, realistic expectations and a sense of humour to be successful.
The past week or two has been a mixed grill of briefs in so far as the national employment picture is concerned. BDC just injected a further P64 million in Kromberg & Schubert, the automotive cable manufacturer and exporter, to help keep it afloat in the face of the COVID-19-engendered global economic apocalypse. The financial lifeline, which follows an earlier P36 million way back in 2017, hopefully guarantees the jobs of 2500, maybe for another year or two.
It was also reported that a bulb manufacturing company, which is two years old and is youth-led, is making waves in Selibe Phikwe. Called Bulb Word, it is the only bulb manufacturing operation in Botswana and employs 60 people. The figure is not insignificant in a town that had 5000 jobs offloaded in one fell swoop when BCL closed shop in 2016 under seemingly contrived circumstances, so that as I write, two or three buyers have submitted bids to acquire and exhume it from its stage-managed grave.