It is said, General Atiku, that life on Earth began 4.1 billion years ago. If so, how was it incepted and who incepted it? Well, it was propagated by our star ancestors, the ruling race of females from the Orion star system along with the leading lights of their male offspring. These primeval beings were of the Serpent race, the Surbah in olden languages.
The Theory of Panspermia posits that “seeds of life” came to Earth on the backs of meteorites that crashed into our world billions of years ago. These seeds of life were not Y-chromosome-based: they were X-chromosome-based because as we demonstrated in The Earth Chronicles series, the Y chromosome is a recent arrival, having debuted only 130 million years ago. Why did X-chromosome life have to precede Y-chromosome life? It is because female life forms, General, can reproduce on their own, whereas male life forms cannot.
Now, these X-chromosome life seeds did not come from without: they had cosmic ancestors. Whether the seeds of life came to Earth by accident or by design, their ancestors were obviously X-chromosome based. But we know life on Earth was purposefully seeded by intelligent beings because nothing happens by accident in the universe; everything has a purpose even if we may not understand that purpose, General.
If the intelligent beings, our star ancestors, who sowed the seeds of life wanted X-chromosome life to flourish first on our planet, then they themselves must have been X-chromosome based. They must have been female or were of female progenitors. Cosmic history indeed does bear that out. Who were these powerful race of extraterrestrial females who spawned life on Earth, General? It was of course the beings of Orion, General, the Serpent race.
THE SERPENT PREDOMINATES
The Serpent Cult, General, was the most widespread on Earth due to the cosmic significance of the Orion Queen and her most famous and most impactful son, Enki. In Africa, almost all cultures worshipped the serpent (that is, the spirit behind it, namely the Orion Queen). The San, Southern Africa’s earliest people who are also known as Bushmen, worshipped the python. Virtually all the original diKgosi (chiefs) were themselves Reptilians and not full humans.
Some ancient Israelites worshipped the serpent, or vacillated between worshipping the serpent and other gods. The Old Testament attests to that in its account of Moses, who when the Israelites were being bitten by snakes as punishment by their Anunnaki god Ishkur-Adad (Jehovah) fashioned a brazen serpent and asked the Israelites to look up at it for immediate healing (NUMBERS 21:7-9).
Even today, the serpent is very much reverenced, General. Most of the family crests of Illuminati families, e.g. the Rothschilds, bear serpent imagery. The earliest symbol of medicine, the Rod of Asclepius, as well as the modern one, the Caduceus, both depict a serpent or two serpents coiled around a staff. Ostensibly, this is to evoke the universal healing that arose in the Moses incident but the real, unstated reason is to indirectly deify the serpent, which in effect is to deify the Reptilian Queen of Orion.
In due course, when the Sirius star system became the companion empire to Orion as opposed to a subsidiary empire, which it was before, and was now ruled by Kings instead of Queens, the Kings of Sirius also adopted the title An, or Anu, meaning “Heaven” or “He of Heaven”. Consequently, Sirius also came to be known as Heaven, with its King being referred to as the Supreme God. In Sumerian times, the Orion Queen was actually only minimally directly adored: it was the Sirian King, Anu, who was worshipped either directly or through proxies – his offspring who were now directly ruling Earth. The Orion Queen was not completely discarded: she too was venerated but through her offspring too.
About half a million years ago, General, Earth was again colonised by a highly advanced race from a far-flung place in the Milky Way Galaxy. Since this race constitute the latter colonisers of Earth, it occupies a prominent place in the annals of our planet particularly that it is so amply documented in ancient records by the Sumerians, the world’s best-known civilisation of old.
In the Sumerian textual corpus, General, this race is referred to as the Anunna. It is in subsequent Akkadian texts (Akkadian being a language that stemmed from Sumerian and was the precursor of Hebrew) that it is referred to as the Anunnaki. The term Anunna has been defined as “Beings from Heaven” or “Peoples of Anu”. The term Anunnaki has traditionally been understood to mean “Those who from Heaven to Earth came”.
Since Heaven in this context simply means the cosmos, what these terms actually refer to are Aliens or ETs, General. Aliens are beings from other planets within the Solar System or from other star systems in the vast expanse of space. Yet the original rendering of Anunnaki, General, was actually Anu-Ene-Eke. This meant “Creator Beings of the Heavenly Realm”. The Heavenly Realm was the Orion star system, the domain of the great Orion Queen whose array of titles included Ene, meaning “The Lord”; An, meaning “The Heavenly One” or simply “The One”; and Eke, meaning “Divine Creator”.
Ene-Eke can also be written as Eke-Ene because in ancient languages syllables could be reversed without altering the meaning. It is Eke-Ene that gave rise to the English word archon (arkhein in Greek, meaning “rulers”). By the first century, however, the term archon, which was popularised by the Gnostics, no longer referred to Aliens in general. It referred to interdimensional Reptilians, what the Bible calls demons, and their physical manifestation as Drakons of the Draco star system.
In the Bible, the Anunnaki as a group are variously referred to as the Anakim, the Elohim, or the Nephilim in the original Hebrew language. In the English translation, they are referred to as simply “God” or “The Lord God”. The singular terms Jehovah, Yahweh, Adonai, etc, all refer to various members of the Anunnaki pantheon, the Anunnaki royals who were led by Enlil, the most prominent Jehovah (various members of the Anunnaki alternated as Jehovahs) who originally was Earth’s Chief Executive, and his step-brother Enki, who was second in command and who in the opening chapters of Genesis is referred to as the Serpent. It was Enki who fashioned Adam, by way of genetic engineering, using the genes of Homo Erectus and those of a dark-skinned Anunnaki, what we today call Olmecs.
OZONE HOLE IN NIBIRU ATMOSPHERE
The saga of Enki, General, effectively begins with planet Nibiru. In the course of time, a crisis arose on a planet which Sirius had long colonised. This planet was part of a planetary system known as Buida, after its sun. Buida (meaning “far-flung”) was already part of the greater Orion Empire and was located along the 9th Passageway, which was policed by the Sirius star system’s King Anan’s army on behalf of the Orion Queen, the overall sovereign. About 4 billion years ago, the planet was part of Sirius B in its formative stages.
Then when Sirius B aborted as a star, that is, failed to develop into a full-fledged sun, the planet was lobbed into the greater void of space. It continued to drift and strayed close to Buida’s planetary system, whereupon it was permanently caught up by the gravitational pull of the giant planet Anshar, which we now call Neptune, as the 10th planet. Buida is what we now call Sol, our sun. The captured planet is variously known as Planet X, Planet 9, or more commonly Nibiru, and having the most elongated orbit of all planets of the Solar System, it is seen only once every 3600 years.
Nibiru was the first planet the Anunnaki colonised in the Solar System, General. This is understandable in view of the fact that when it is at its apogee (the furthest point from the Sun), it is only a stone’s throw, in a manner of speaking, from Sirius A, which is only 8.7 light years from Earth. At the time King Anan was ruling Sirius, Nibiru was being ruled by another Sirian royal called Lhama. Meanwhile, King Anan was attended at court by his cousin Alshar. Alshar went by the title Cup-Bearer. The Cup-Bearer was actually the Crown Prince. Those days in Sirius, the Crown Prince was not the King’s son but his half-brother or cousin typically.
Under the rule of Lhama, Nibiru was beset by a crisis that had been scores of years in the making (a year on Nibiru, called a shar, is equivalent to 3600 Earth years). Some ranks of Nibiru’s leading meteorologists pointed to a kind of Ozone hole as the cause, a gap in the upper reaches of the atmosphere – something our planet is presently afflicted with too. The Anunnaki tried all sorts of scientific tricks to remedy the atmospheric breach but to no avail. In the midst of the ensuing groundswell of disaffection both in royal circles and amongst the body politic, King Lhama sent to King Anan in Sirius to prescribe a way forward.
ALALU TAKES THE REINS
When King Anan of Sirius received the message of the crisis on Nibiru, General, he assigned Alshar to attend to the Nibiru problem. Now, Alshar was not only in direct charge of the imperial Sirian army but he was a most ambitious, power-hungry man. He coveted power and wanted to be his own sovereign. To him therefore, the Nibiru crisis was an opportunity to realise his dream of expeditiously becoming King.
So what he did was to stoke the fires of the anarchy that was sweeping Nibiru with a view to having Lhama overthrown, whereupon he would take over the most important planet in a potentially very rich planetary system. Alshar figured that if he took the reins on Nibiru, it would be easy for him to secede from Sirius and the broader Orion Empire.
In the event, Lhama was deposed and murdered. The forces that seized power were working under the clandestine direction of Alshar. King Anan did not suspect anything; instead, he thought Alshar had dismally and catastrophically failed to contain the situation. Being a warrior king, Anan decided to enter the lists himself. He voyaged to Nibiru with the aim of crashing the rebellion and restoring total order on the planet. It wasn’t as easy as he had anticipated though.
The rebels put up a formidable fight. They were ultimately defeated but King Anan was seriously wounded. By the time he was brought back to Sirius, he was dead. The Orion Queen conferred the highest honour on the late King and gave the procedural green light for Alshar to succeed to the throne. On his coronation, Alshar took a new name. He was to be known as King Alalu.
Meanwhile, General, King Anan’s eldest grandson Anu was seething. He rightly suspected that the death of his grandfather was an inside job, that it was a tactical elimination masterminded by Alalu. As such, he undertook to secretly plot the ouster of Alalu. And not only that: he decided that once Alalu was overthrown, he would move to declare Sirius and the entire 9th Passageway independent of the Queen of Orion as he was disappointed that the Queen had failed to discern Alalu’s artifice with respect to the death of his grandfather.
When Alalu got wind of Anu’s schemings, he was alarmed. He knew that the potential to overthrow him was feasible. If he himself had pulled off a tactical coup against the deceased king, what would prevent his own detractors from doing so? In order to pacify Anu and win him over, Alalu decided to make him his Cup-Bearer. Anu accepted the offer but it was simply his way of biding time. It was not long before he staged a direct coup and assumed the reins.
It was easy for Anu to topple Alalu in that he was a scion of the great An, who was a most beloved king and still was looked upon with nostalgia. The fact that the coup entailed hardly any bloodshed attests to the popularity of Anu. Alalu did not put up a sustained fight to reclaim the throne. Instead, he decided to flee Sirius altogether for dear life and head for the planetary system of Buida.
The planet Alalu chose as his asylum was the third from the Buida star. It would in future be known as Kisiri, meaning “Mineral Resource Centre”, since it was so richly endowed with minerals (from ki [to produce, manufacture, or create] and siri [to smelt ore]). We today call it Earth, General.
ALALU STRIKES GOLD ON PLANET EARTH
Touching down on planet Earth, Alalu was soon fetched by his most trusted confidante who he had long sent there to study its flora and fauna. This was Alalim, his Master Geneticist. Following weeks of acclimatising to the planet, which was going through an Ice Age at the time, Alalu and his team went to work immediately. They set about prospecting for and confirming the presence of gold in the marshlands using an instrument called a Tester.
“Into deeper waters he waded, the Tester into the waters he inserted,” narrates Enki. “Then Alalu’s heartbeat stopped: there is gold in the waters, the Tester was telling! … A cry of triumph from Alalu’s throat emanated: Nibiru’s fate in his hands now was!” Rushing back into his rocket ship, he turned on a sophisticated orbit detector and communication device and immediately established a link with the Nasa of the Wolfen World in Sirius.
“On another world I am, the gold of salvation I have found,” he ecstatically and magisterially announced. “The fate of Nibiru is in my hands. To my conditions you must give heed.” To his listeners, Alalu’s announcement was as alarming as it was exhilarating, General. The news that he was on a planet in the planetary system of Buida did not exactly surprise King Anu. It was no secret that Alalu had long dispatched Alalim, his fiercest loyalist, there and if he wanted a veritable place of refuge, that was the most obvious direction to head. Indeed, the Sirian space centre’s engineers confirmed that Alalu’s words were indeed being beamed from well beyond Sirius.
Voice analysis experts also put paid to the thesis that the communicant was possibly an Alien simply playing mind games with the people of Sirius: it was Alalu all right. The displaced King was not only chilling out on snow-hued Earth; he had struck potentially incalculable finds of gold so he said – the precious metal that was so desperately needed to repair Nibiru’s diminishing atmosphere.
King Anu wasted no time in attending to the matter. He travelled to Nibiru and after marathon consultations with his sons Enki and Enlil, the Jehovah/Yahweh of Old Testament fame, and other sages from across the social spectrum, he got the Nibiru space centre command to send the following message to Alalu forthwith according to Enki’s records: “Anu, the King, to you his greetings sends; of your well-being to learn he is pleased … If gold for salvation you have indeed discovered, let Nibiru be saved.”
Anu’s words were of course more opportunistic than heartfelt: Alalu was a wanted man in Sirius. People wanted him to answer for his involvement in King Anan’s death. But all that was now a thing of the past, General. He had struck gold and was now the saviour of planet Nibiru. The stark reality was that it was he who now called the shots.
Alalu’s reply was blunt and unequivocal. “If your saviour I am to be, your lives to save, convene the princes to assembly, my ancestry declare supreme. Let the commanders make me their leader, bow to my command! Let the Council pronounce me King, on the throne Anu to replace!” Alalu wanted to be King of Sirius once more, or at the very least the autonomous King of Nibiru since the ruler of Nibiru was effectively the ruler of the entire Solar System given the supremacy of that planet.
Although the Solar System was legally a property of the broader Sirian-Orion Empire, Anu was in a bind: he just had to negotiate with Alalu. He and the Queen had decided that they had had enough of wars and in circumstances of conflict diplomacy should take precedence over warfare. The union of the thrones of Sirius and Orion was intended to engender lasting peace not only between the two star systems but throughout the overarching empire.
In recent years, using personal devices in working environments has become so commonplace it now has its own acronym, BOYD (Bring Your Own Device). But as employees skip between corporate tools and personal applications on their own devices, their actions introduce a number of possible risks that should be managed and mitigated with careful consideration. Consider these examples:
Si-lwli, a small family-run business in Wales, is arguably as niche a company as you could find, producing talking toys used to promote the Welsh language. Their potential market is small, with only some 300,000 Welsh language speakers in the world and in reality the business is really more of a hobby for the husband-and-wife team, who both still have day jobs. Yet, despite still managing to be successful in terms of sales, the business is now fighting for survival after recently falling prey to cybercriminals. Emails between Si-Iwli and their Chinese suppliers were intercepted by hackers who altered the banking details in the correspondence, causing Si-Iwli to hand over £18,000 (around P ¼ m) to the thieves. That might not sound much to a large enterprise, but to a small or medium business it can be devastating.
Another recent SMB hacking story which appeared in the Wall Street Journal concerned Innovative Higher Ed Consulting (IHED) Inc, a small New York start-up with a handful of employees. IHED didn’t even have a website, but fraudsters were able to run stolen credit card numbers through the company’s payment system and reverse the charges to the tune of $27,000, around the same loss faced by Si-Iwli. As the WSJ put it, the hackers completely destroyed the company, forcing its owners to fold.
And in May 2019, the city of Baltimore’s computer system was hit by a ransomware attack, with hackers using a variant called RobinHood. The hack, which has lasted more than a month, paralysed the computer system for city employees, with the hackers demanding a payment in Bitcoin to give access back to the city.
Of course, hackers target governments or business giants but small and medium businesses are certainly not immune. In fact, 67% of SMBs reported that they had experienced a cyber attack across a period of 12 months, according to a 2018 survey carried out by security research firm Ponemon Institute. Additionally, Verizon issued a report in May 2019 that small businesses accounted for 43% of its reported data breaches. Once seen as less vulnerable than PCs, smartphone attacks are on the rise, with movements like the Dark Caracal spyware campaign underlining the allure of mobile devices to hackers. Last year, the US Federal Trade Commission released a statement calling for greater education on mobile security, coming at a time when around 42% of all Android devices are believed to not carry the latest security updates.
This is an era when employees increasingly use their smartphones for work-related purposes so is your business doing enough to protect against data breaches on their employees’ phones? The SME Cyber Crime Survey 2018 carried out for risk management specialists AON showed that more than 80% of small businesses did not view this as a threat yet if as shown, 67% of SMBs were said to have been victims of hacking, either the stats are wrong or business owners are underestimating their vulnerability. A 2019 report by PricewaterhouseCoopers suggests the latter, stating that the majority of global businesses are unprepared for cyber attacks.
Consider that a workstation no longer means a desk in an office: It can be a phone in the back of a taxi or Uber; a laptop in a coffee shop, or a tablet in an airport lounge. Wherever the device is used, employees can potentially install applications that could be harmful to your business, even from something as seemingly insignificant as clicking on an accidental download or opening a link on a phishing email. Out of the physical workplace, your employees’ activities might not have the same protections as they would on a company-monitored PC.
Yet many businesses not only encourage their employees to work remotely, but assume working from coffee shops, bookstores, and airports can boost employees’ productivity. Unfortunately, many remote hot spots do not provide secure Wi-Fi so if your employee is accessing their work account on unsecured public Wi-Fi, sensitive business data could be at risk. Furthermore, even if your employee uses a company smartphone or has access to company data through a personal mobile device, there is always a chance data could be in jeopardy with a lost or stolen device, even information as basic as clients’ addresses and phone numbers.
BOYDs are also at risk from malware designed to harm and infect the host system, transmittable to smartphones when downloading malicious third-party apps. Then there is ransomware, a type of malware used by hackers to specifically take control of a system’s data, blocking access or threatening to release sensitive information unless a ransom is paid such as the one which affected Baltimore. Ransomware attacks are on the increase, predicted to occur every 14 seconds, potentially costing billions of dollars per year.
Lastly there is phishing – the cyber equivalent of the metaphorical fishing exercise – whereby cybercriminals attempt to obtain sensitive data –usernames, passwords, credit card details –usually through a phoney email designed to look legitimate which directs the user to a fraudulent website or requests the data be emailed back directly. Most of us like to think we could recognize a phishing email when we see it, but these emails have become more sophisticated and can come through other forms of communication such as messaging apps.
Bottom line is to be aware of the potential problems with BOYDs and if in doubt, consult your IT security consultants. You can’t put the own-device genie back in the bottle but you can make data protection one of your three wishes!
About five days before Princess Diana and Dodi Al Fayed landed in Paris, General Atiku, a certain Edward Williams was taking a walk in a woods in the Welsh town of Mountain Ash. Williams, then 73, was a psychic of some renown. He had in the past foretold assassination attempts on US President Ronald Reagan, which occurred on March 30, 1981, and Pope John Paul II, which came to pass on May 13, 1981.
As he trudged the woods, Williams had a sudden premonition that pointed to Diana’s imminent fate as per Christopher Andersen’s book The Day Diana Died. “When the vision struck me, it was as if everything around me was obscured and replaced by shadowy figures,” Williams was later to reminisce. “In the middle was the face of Princess Diana. Her expression was sad and full of pathos. She was wearing what looked like a floral dress with a short dark cardigan. But it was vague. I went cold with fear and knew it was a sign that she was in danger.”
Williams hastily beat a retreat to his home, which he shared with his wife Mary, and related to her his presentiment, trembling like an aspen leaf as he did so. “I have never seen him so upset,” Mary recounted. “He felt he was given a sign and when he came back from his walk he was deeply shaken.”
The following day, Williams frantically sauntered into a police station to inform the police of his premonition. The officer who attended to him would have dismissed him as no more than a crackpot but he treated him seriously in view of the accuracy of his past predictions. He took a statement and immediately passed it on to the Special Branch Investigative Unit.
The report read as follows:
“On 27 August, at 14:12 hrs, a man by the name of Edward Williams came to Mountain Ash police station. He said he was a psychic and predicted that Princess Diana was going to die. In previous years, he has predicted that the Pope and Ronald Reagan were going to be the victims of assassination attempts. On both occasions he was proved to be correct. Mr Williams appeared to be quite normal.”
Williams, General, was spot-on as usual: four days later, the princess was no more.
Meanwhile, General, even as Dodi and Diana were making their way to the Fayed-owned Ritz Hotel in central Paris, British newspapers were awash with headlines that suggested Diana was kind of deranged. Writes Andrew Morton in Diana in Pursuit of Love: “In The Independent Diana was described as ‘a woman with fundamentally nothing to say about anything’. She was ‘suffering from a form of arrested development’. ‘Isn’t it time she started using her head?’ asked The Mail on Sunday. The Sunday Mirror printed a special supplement entitled ‘A Story of Love’; The News of the World claimed that William had demanded that Diana should split from Dodi: ‘William can’t help it, he just doesn’t like the man.’ William was reportedly ‘horrified’ and ‘doesn’t think Mr Fayed is good for his mother’ – or was that just the press projecting their own prejudices? The upmarket Sunday Times newspaper, which had first serialised my biography of the princess, now put her in the psychiatrist’s chair for daring to be wooed by a Muslim. The pop-psychologist Oliver James put Diana ‘On the Couch’, asking why she was so ‘depressed’ and desperate for love. Other tabloids piled in with dire prognostications – about Prince Philip’s hostility to the relationship, Diana’s prospect of exile, and the social ostracism she would face if she married Dodi.”
DIANA AND DODI AT THE RITZ
Before Diana and Dodi departed the Villa Windsor sometime after 16 hrs, General, one of Dodi’s bodyguards Trevor Rees-Jones furtively asked Diana as to what the programme for the evening was. This Trevor did out of sheer desperation as Dodi had ceased and desisted from telling members of his security detail, let alone anyone else for that matter, what his onward destination was for fear that that piece of information would be passed on to the paparazzi. Diana kindly obliged Trevor though her response was terse and scarcely revealing. “Well, eventually we will be going out to a restaurant”, that was all Diana said. Without advance knowledge of exactly what restaurant that was, Trevor and his colleagues’ hands were tied: they could not do a recce on it as was standard practice for the security team of a VIP principal. Dodi certainly, General, was being recklessly by throwing such caution to the winds.
At about 16:30, Diana and Dodi drew up at the Ritz Hotel, where they were received by acting hotel manager Claude Roulet. The front entrance of the hotel was already crawling with paparazzi, as a result of which the couple took the precaution of using the rear entrance, where hopefully they would make their entry unperturbed and unmolested. The first thing they did when they were ensconced in the now $10,000 a night Imperial Suite was to spend some time on their mobiles and set about touching base with friends, relations, and associates. Diana called at least two people, her clairvoyant friend Rita Rogers and her favourite journalist Richard Kay of The Daily Mail.
Rita, General, was alarmed that Diana had proceeded to venture to Paris notwithstanding the warning she had given Dodi and herself in relation to what she had seen of him in the crystal ball when the couple had consulted her. When quizzed as to what the hell she indeed was doing in Paris at that juncture, Diana replied that she and Dodi had simply come to do some shopping, which though partially true was not the material reason they were there. “But Diana, remember what I told Dodi,” Rita said somewhat reprovingly. Diana a bit apprehensively replied, “Yes I remember. I will be careful. I promise.” Well, she did not live up to her promise as we shall soon unpack General.
As for Richard Kay, Diana made known to him that, “I have decided I am going to radically change my life. I am going to complete my obligations to charities and to the anti-personnel land mines cause, but in November I want to completely withdraw from formal public life.”
Once she was done with her round of calls, Diana went down to the hair saloon by the hotel swimming pool to have her hair washed and blow-dried ahead of the scheduled evening dinner.
THE“TELL ME YES” RING IS DELIVERED
Since the main object of their Paris trip was to pick up the “Tell Me Yes” engagement ring Dodi had ordered in Monte Carlo a week earlier, Dodi decided to check on Repossi Jewellery, which was right within the Ritz prencincts, known as the Place Vendome. It could have taken less than a minute for Dodi to get to the store on foot but he decided to use a car to outsmart the paparazzi invasion. He was driven there by Trevor Rees-Jones, with Alexander Kez Wingfield and Claude Roulet following on foot, though he entered the shop alone.
The Repossi store had closed for the holiday season but Alberto Repossi, accompanied by his wife and brother-in-law, had decided to travel all the way from his home in Monaco and momentarily open it for the sake of the potentially highly lucrative Dodi transaction. Alberto, however, disappointed Dodi as the ring he had chosen was not the one he produced. The one he showed Dodi was pricier and perhaps more exquisite but Dodi was adamant that he wanted the exact one he had ordered as that was what Diana herself had picked. It was a ploy on the part of Repossi to make a real killing on the sale, his excuse to that effect being that Diana deserved a ring tha was well worthy of her social pedigree. With Dodi having expressed disaffection, Repossi rendered his apologies and assured Dodi he would make the right ring available shortly, whereupon Dodi repaired back to the hotel to await its delivery. But Dodi did insist nonetheless that the pricier ring be delivered too in case it appealed to Diana anyway.
Repossi delivered the two rings an hour later. They were collected by Roulet. On inspecting them, Dodi chose the very one he had seen in Monte Carlo, apparently at the insistence of Diana. There is a possibility that Diana, who was very much aware of her public image and was not comfortable with ostentatious displays of wealth, may have deliberately shown an interest in a less expensive engagement ring. It may have been a purely romantic as opposed to a prestigious choice for her.
The value of the ring, which was found on a wardrobe shelf in Dodi’s apartment after the crash, has been estimated to be between $20,000 and $250,000 as Repossi has always refused to be drawn into revealing how much Dodi paid for it. The sum, which enjoyed a 25 percent discount, was in truth paid for not by Dodi himself but by his father as was the usual practice.
Dodi was also shown Repossi’s sketches for a bracelet, a watch, and earrings which he proposed to create if Diana approved of them.
DIANA AND DODI GUSH OVER IMMINENT NUPTIALS
At about 7 pm, Dodi and Diana left the Ritz and headed for Dodi’s apartment at a place known as the Arc de Trompe. They went there to properly tog themselves out for the scheduled evening dinner. They spent two hours at the luxurious apartment. As usual, the ubiquitous paparazzi were patiently waiting for them there.
As they lingered in the apartment, Dodi beckoned over to his butler Rene Delorm and showed him the engagement ring. “Dodi came into my kitchen,” Delorm relates. “He looked into the hallway to check that Diana couldn’t hear and reached into his pocket and pulled out the box … He said, ‘Rene, I’m going to propose to the princess tonight. Make sure that we have champagne on ice when we come back from dinner’.” Rene described the ring as “a spectacular diamond encrusted ring, a massive emerald surrounded by a cluster of diamonds, set on a yellow and white gold band sitting in a small light-grey velvet box”.
Just before 9 pm, Dodi called the brother of his step-father, Hassan Yassen, who also was staying at the Ritz that night, and told him that he hoped to get married to Diana by the end of the year.
Later that same evening, both Dodi and Diana would talk to Mohamed Al Fayed, Dodi’s dad, and make known to him their pre-nuptial intentions. “They called me and said we’re coming back (to London) on Sunday (August 31) and on Monday (September 1) they are
Ramadan is the fasting month for Muslims, where over one billion Muslims throughout the world fast from dawn to sunset, and pray additional prayers at night. It is a time for inner reflection, devotion to Allah, and self-control. It is the ninth month in the Islamic calendar. As you read this Muslims the world over have already begun fasting as the month of Ramadan has commenced (depending on the sighting of the new moon).
‘The month of Ramadan is that in which the Qur’an was revealed as guidance for people, in it are clear signs of guidance and Criterion, therefore whoever of you who witnesses this month, it is obligatory on him to fast it. But whoever is ill or traveling let him fast the same number of other days, God desires ease for you and not hardship, and He desires that you complete the ordained period and glorify God for His guidance to you, that you may be grateful”. Holy Qur’an (2 : 185)
Fasting during Ramadan is one of the five pillars upon which the structure of Islam is built. The other four are: the declaration of one’s belief in Allah’s oneness and in the message of Muhammad (PBUH); regular attendance to prayer; payment of zakaat (obligatory charity); and the pilgrimage to Mecca.
As explained in an earlier article, fasting includes total abstinence from eating, drinking, smoking, refraining from obscenity, avoiding getting into arguments and including abstaining from marital relations, from sunrise to sunset. While fasting may appear to some as difficult Muslims see it as an opportunity to get closer to their Lord, a chance to develop spiritually and at the same time the act of fasting builds character, discipline and self-restraint.
Just as our cars require servicing at regular intervals, so do Muslims consider Ramadan as a month in which the body and spirit undergoes as it were a ‘full service’. This ‘service’ includes heightened spiritual awareness both the mental and physical aspects and also the body undergoing a process of detoxification and some of the organs get to ‘rest’ through fasting.
Because of the intensive devotional activity fasting, Ramadan has a particularly high importance, derived from its very personal nature as an act of worship but there is nothing to stop anyone from privately violating Allah’s commandment of fasting if one chooses to do so by claiming to be fasting yet eating on the sly. This means that although fasting is obligatory, its observance is purely voluntary. If a person claims to be a Muslim, he is expected to fast in Ramadan.
The reward Allah gives for proper fasting is very generous. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) quotes Allah as saying: “All actions done by a human being are his own except fasting, which belongs to Me and I will reward it accordingly.” We are also told by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) that the reward for proper fasting is admittance into heaven.
Fasting earns great reward when it is done in a ‘proper’ manner. This is because every Muslim is required to make his worship perfect. For example perfection of fasting can be achieved through restraint of one’s feelings and emotions. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said that when fasting, a person should not allow himself to be drawn into a quarrel or a slanging match. He teaches us: “On a day of fasting, let no one of you indulge in any obscenity, or enter into a slanging match. Should someone abuse or fight him, let him respond by saying: ‘I am fasting!’”
This high standard of self-restraint fits in well with fasting, which is considered as an act of self-discipline. Islam requires us to couple patience with voluntary abstention from indulgence in our physical desires. The purpose of fasting helps man to attain a high degree of sublimity, discipline and self-restraint. In other words, this standard CAN BE achieved by every Muslim who knows the purpose of fasting and strives to fulfill it.
Fasting has another special aspect. It makes all people share in the feelings of hunger and thirst. In normal circumstances, people with decent income may go from one year’s end to another without experiencing the pangs of hunger which a poor person may feel every day of his life. Such an experience helps to draw the rich one’s conscience nearer to needs of the poor. A Muslim is encouraged to be more charitable and learns to give generously for a good cause.
Fasting also has a universal or communal aspect to it. As Muslims throughout the world share in this blessed act of worship, their sense of unity is enhanced by the fact that every Muslim individual joins willingly in the fulfillment of this divine commandment. This is a unity of action and purpose, since they all fast in order to be better human beings. As a person restrains himself from the things he desires most, in the hope that he will earn Allah’s pleasure, self-discipline and sacrifice become part of his nature.
The month of Ramadan can aptly be described as a “season of worship.” Fasting is the main aspect of worship in this month, because people are more attentive to their prayers, read the Qur’an more frequently and also strive to improve on their inner and outer character. Thus, their devotion is more complete and they feel much happier in Ramadan because they feel themselves to be closer to their Creator.