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The Ups and Downs of Life



Life is very unpredictable and it has its ups and downs. We all belong to the wheel of life as such our lives can be compared to that of a wheel: just as a wheel turns, one moment we are on top but soon we are at the bottom; but we may not remain there for long because as it turns we will be up there again, and so it goes. Like it or not, life has its ups and downs.

Just like we recently had Christmas and New Year – now we have to wait for the wheel to turn again for those ‘times’ to come again. These ups and downs in life are very important to keep us going, because any doctor will tell you that a straight line in an E.C.G. means we are not alive.

Despite us having our individual hopes, dreams and ambitions for the future, life is not easy nor is it predictable, however there is one thing that is predictable and that is we will all have to face the tests of life; the path of life can be smooth one moment, but filled with pot holes, diversions and an array of ‘traffic’ signals, stop, go, caution……. But that is the way life goes.

‘Do men think that they will be left alone on saying, “we believe”, and they will not be tested?’ (Quran 29: 2) ‘You shall certainly be tried and tested in your possessions and in your personal selves…………’ (Quran 3: 186) 

Each one of us will on some days be tested in different ways. These challenges will either make us or break us. Some of us cannot stand the pressures, stresses and other challenges that these bring to us, but we need to learn how to cope with and respond to them. Remember: We may not be responsible for falling down. But we are responsible for getting up. Life must go on. We need to take a broad outlook in life and most importantly we have to recognize that many of these are tests.

Working and striving for a living in this worldly existence of ours is an important part of our daily life and practice. Islam teaches us and encourages us to work for and earn a living for ourselves and also by improving our standards of living be it by possessing homes, cars, land and other needs. But it does require a Muslim to keep a proper perspective so that things of this life do not become the main objective of his existence. Unfortunately many of us have become slaves to the modern lifestyles based on a culture of greed and gathering of wealth.

‘Alluring to men is the love of the things they covet – women, sons, hoarded treasures of gold and silver, highly bred horses, cattle and land. This is the provision of this world’s life. Yet with Allah is a better Abode’ (Qur’an 3:14)
 

There is nothing against people building a prosperous life, buying the things that make life easier, and improving their status in this world nor is it wrong to have these things but we must not allow greed for these possessions to become our sole objective in life. What is meant here is that the things we now live our lives for, are supposed to be “tools” to help us live our life in a way that is meaningful before Allah. We must not lose sight of the meaning and of our purpose in this life.

Apart from our lives as individuals, let us look at ourselves as a nation. We must admit that we as a nation are currently on the upper rungs of the wheel of life.  Despite the myriad of problems we face in Botswana we are truly Blessed. We do not suffer the pains of grinding poverty, instability, war, strife, killings and all the other human sufferings that are the scourge of many nations. For this, we must truly be grateful to our Lord because since Independence, 50 years ago, we have lived in a state of peace, prosperity and the countless other blessings that are the envy of many nations.

For these favours and blessings, let us not forget: “If you were to count the Blessings of Allah, never will you be able to count them” (Quran 14:34). And: ‘If you count the favours of Allah, never would you be able to number them’ (Quran 16: 18)
 

Let me attempt to illustrate just a tiny fraction of those blessings: think about it, how many countries are fortunate enough and can boast of access to virtually free education from Primary school to University level? Not only that, it is a known fact that some of the students are also given monthly allowances for their immediate needs.

We also have virtually free access to medical facilities and treatment. This includes free medication, hospitalisation and any surgery if necessary. Going even further, those who suffer the scourge of AIDS can access ARV’s and they are available to them without charge, they even have free follow up visits for their blood tests to ascertain their CD 4 cell counts.

There is no doubt about that we have many poverty stricken people amongst us who suffer daily to find their sustenance. But if we compare them to other people around the world we will see that the scale and the depth of absolute poverty are not as widespread. Make no mistake I am in no way suggesting that that all is well and am trying to downplay their suffering. No doubt there are people in our communities that endure this daily suffering. What is being said is that the situation is not as dire as it is other parts of the world. We are also fortunate to have programmes, some may argue that they are inadequate, but they are there to assist the poor and needy.

Throughout Chapter 55 of the Quran, Allah continually asks: ‘Then which of the favours of your Lord will you deny?’
 

It is human nature for us to take these blessings and favours for granted however it can create in our minds various negative traits and characteristics and false perceptions that can lead to a culture of dependency and expectation wherein we think is our ‘right’ to these things. We could even develop a streak of arrogance within ourselves whereby we think we are better than other people because of what we have been blessed with.  

Remember the wheel of life will turn one day and it will be our turn to be at the bottom and others will be above us. Are we prepared for that Day?

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Chronic Joblessness: How to Help Curtail it

30th November 2020
Motswana woman

The past week or two has been a mixed grill of briefs in so far as the national employment picture is concerned. BDC just injected a further P64 million in Kromberg & Schubert, the automotive cable manufacturer and exporter, to help keep it afloat in the face of the COVID-19-engendered global economic apocalypse. The financial lifeline, which follows an earlier P36 million way back in 2017, hopefully guarantees the jobs of 2500, maybe for another year or two.

It was also reported that a bulb manufacturing company, which is two years old and is youth-led, is making waves in Selibe Phikwe. Called Bulb Word, it is the only bulb manufacturing operation in Botswana and employs 60 people. The figure is not insignificant in a town that had 5000 jobs offloaded in one fell swoop when BCL closed shop in 2016 under seemingly contrived circumstances, so that as I write, two or three buyers have submitted bids to acquire and exhume it from its stage-managed grave.

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The Era of “The Diplomat”

30th November 2020
FATED “JIHADI” JOHN

Youngest Maccabees scion Jonathan takes over after Judas and leads for 18 years

Going hand-in-glove with the politics at play in Judea in the countdown to the AD era, General Atiku, was the contention for the priesthood. You will be aware, General, that politics and religion among the Jews interlocked. If there wasn’t a formal and sovereign Jewish King, there of necessity had to be a High Priest at any given point in time.

Initially, every High Priest was from the tribe of Levi as per the stipulation of the Torah. At some stage, however, colonisers of Judah imposed their own hand-picked High Priests who were not ethnic Levites. One such High Priest was Menelaus of the tribe of Benjamin.

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Land Board appointments of party activists is political corruption

30th November 2020

Parliament has rejected a motion by Leader of Opposition (LOO) calling for the reversing of the recent appointments of ruling party activists to various Land Boards across the country. The motion also called for the appointment of young and qualified Batswana with tertiary education qualifications.

The ruling party could not allow that motion to be adopted for many reasons discussed below. Why did the LOO table this motion? Why was it negated? Why are Land Boards so important that a ruling party felt compelled to deploy its functionaries to the leadership and membership positions?

Prior to the motion, there was a LOO parliamentary question on these appointments. The Speaker threw a spanner in the works by ruling that availing a list of applicants to determine who qualified and who didn’t would violate the rights of those citizens. This has completely obliterated oversight attempts by Parliament on the matter.

How can parliament ascertain the veracity of the claim without the names of applicants? The opposition seeks to challenge this decision in court.  It would also be difficult in the future for Ministers and government officials to obey instructions by investigative Parliamentary Committees to summon evidence which include list of persons. It would be a bad precedent if the decision is not reviewed and set aside by the Business Advisory Committee or a Court of law.

Prior to independence, Dikgosi allocated land for residential and agricultural purposes. At independence, land tenures in Botswana became freehold, state land and tribal land. Before 1968, tribal land, which is land belonging to different tribes, dating back to pre-independence, was allocated and administered by Dikgosi under Customary Law. Dikgosi are currently merely ‘land overseers’, a responsibility that can be delegated. Land overseers assist the Land Boards by confirming the vacancy or availability for occupation of land applied for.

Post-independence, the country was managed through modern law and customary law, a system developed during colonialism. Land was allocated for agricultural purposes such as ploughing and grazing and most importantly for residential use. Over time some land was allocated for commercial purpose. In terms of the law, sinking of boreholes and development of wells was permitted and farmers had some rights over such developed water resources.

Land Boards were established under Section 3 of the Tribal Land Act of 1968 with the intention to improve tribal land administration. Whilst the law was enacted in 1968, Land Boards started operating around 1970 under the Ministry of Local Government and Lands which was renamed Ministry of Lands and Housing (MLH) in 1999. These statutory bodies were a mechanism to also prune the powers of Dikgosi over tribal land. Currently, land issues fall under the Ministry of Land Management, Water and Sanitation Services.

There are 12 Main Land Boards, namely Ngwato, Kgatleng, Tlokweng, Tati, Chobe, Tawana, Malete, Rolong, Ghanzi, Kgalagadi, Kweneng and Ngwaketse Land Boards.  The Tribal Land Act of 1968 as amended in 1994 provides that the Land Boards have the powers to rescind the grant of any rights to use any land, impose restrictions on land usage and facilitate any transfer or change of use of land.

Some land administration powers have been decentralized to sub land boards. The devolved powers include inter alia common law and customary law water rights and land applications, mining, evictions and dispute resolution. However, decisions can be appealed to the land board or to the Minister who is at the apex.

So, land boards are very powerful entities in the country’s local government system. Membership to these institutions is important not only because of monetary benefits of allowances but also the power of these bodies. in terms of the law, candidates for appointment to Land Boards or Subs should be residents of the tribal areas where appointments are sought, be holders of at least Junior Certificate and not actively involved in politics.  The LOO contended that ruling party activists have been appointed in the recent appointments.

He argued that worse, some had no minimum qualifications required by the law and that some are not inhabitants of the tribal or sub tribal areas where they have been appointed. It was also pointed that some people appointed are septuagenarians and that younger qualified Batswana with degrees have been rejected.

Other arguments raised by the opposition in general were that the development was not unusual. That the ruling party is used to politically motivated appointments in parastatals, civil service, diplomatic missions, specially elected councilors and Members of Parliament (MPs), Bogosi and Land Boards. Usually these positions are distributed as patronage to activists in return for their support and loyalty to the political leadership and the party.

The ruling party contended that when the Minister or the Ministry intervened and ultimately appointed the Land Boards Chairpersons, Deputies and members , he didn’t have information, as this was not information required in the application, on who was politically active and for that reason he could not have known who to not appoint on that basis. They also argued that opposition activists have been appointed to positions in the government.

The counter argument was that there was a reason for the legal requirement of exclusion of political activists and that the government ought to have mechanisms to detect those. The whole argument of “‘we didn’t know who was politically active” was frivolous. The fact is that ruling party activists have been appointed. The opposition also argued that erstwhile activists from their ranks have been recruited through positions and that a few who are serving in public offices have either been bought or hold insignificant positions which they qualified for anyway.

Whilst people should not be excluded from public positions because of their political activism, the ruling party cannot hide the fact that they have used public positions to reward activists. Exclusion of political activists may be a violation of fundamental human or constitutional rights. But, the packing of Land Boards with the ruling party activists is clear political corruption. It seeks to sow divisions in communities and administer land in a politically biased manner.

It should be expected that the ruling party officials applying for land or change of land usage etcetera will be greatly assisted. Since land is wealth, the ruling party seeks to secure resources for its members and leaders. The appointments served to reward 2019 election primary and general elections losers and other activists who have shown loyalty to the leadership and the party.

Running a country like this has divided it in a way that may be difficult to undo. The next government may decide to reset the whole system by replacing many of government agencies leadership and management in a way that is political. In fact, it would be compelled to do so to cleanse the system.

The opposition is also pondering on approaching the courts for review of the decision to appoint party functionaries and the general violation of clearly stated terms of reference. If this can be established with evidence, the courts can set aside the decision on the basis that unqualified people have been appointed.

The political activism aspect may also not be difficult to prove as some of these people are known activists who are in party structures, at least at the time of appointment, and some were recently candidates. There is a needed for civil society organizations such as trade unions and political parties to fight some of these decisions through peaceful protests and courts.

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