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Questions on the Universe

Benson C Sail
THIS EARTH, MY BROTHER

Today we answer questions pertaining to this artificial universe

IS IT TRUE THAT THE UNIVERSE IS BECOMING LARGER BY THE SECOND?

The universe is actually expanding by a rate manifold quicker than a second. The thesis of an expanding or contracting universe was put forward by Albert Einstein in his Theory of General Relativity in 1915. In 1931, Edward Hubble, after whom the iconic Hubble Telescope is named, showed that what Einstein said was indeed true: the universe not only was expanding but accelerating. The space between galaxies was stretching, like dough rising in the oven. 

In the process, galaxies were moving away from us and the further a galaxy was, the faster it got away from us. Since the space between the galaxies was increasing, it followed as a matter of course that the universe was getting larger. Since the human body is a miniature version of the universe, it is reckoned that our molecules are also drifting away from each other. I shudder to think of the ramifications of such. Will mankind have his own personalised “Big Bang” in the form of an explosion or implosion?

AT WHAT STAGE DO YOU THINK WE WILL BE ABLE TO VISIT OTHER STAR SYSTEMS?


We already are. For instance, we have been to the Zeta Reticuli star system as I related in the Zeta Series. We have the technology to travel far and wide in the vast expanse of the Milky Way Galaxy. We have technology that can create a worm hole (a short-cut between two locations light years apart).   The highly popular television series, Stargate SG-1, which was aired to Western audiences for ten years from 1997 to 2007, was not sci-fi (science fiction) as many a people believe: i

t was fact-based. Whistleblowers who have personally participated in such “portal technologies” include Corey Good, Henry Deacon, and Dan Burish. You can listen to/read their revelations on Project Camelot, a website that exposes top secret Illuminati projects and intrigues. Perhaps your question should have been, WHEN WILL INTERSTELLAR TRAVEL BE MAINSTREAMED TO MANKIND?  My hunch tells me that will be at the beginning of a new zodiacal age – the Age of Aquarius, which mathematically dawns between the years  2100 and 2160.

WILL MANKIND BE ABLE SOME DAY TO CREATE A SPACESHIP CAPABLE OF TRAVELLING AT THE SPEED OF LIGHT?

There’s no need to. Both warp drive and wormholes, also known as Einstein-Rosen Bridges,  make it possible to effectively cover inconceivably vast distances between two points in the universe faster than the speed of light.  It is not that the mode of transport involved itself  has to travel at a speed that transcends light: it is simply that warp drive and worm holes have the effect of folding space (like you fold a sheet of paper) so that two places that were incomprehensibly further apart now draw closer to each other. With this kind of technology, the necessity to come up with a spaceship that travels at the speed of light does not arise.

IS IT TRUE THAT ASTRONAUTS GROW TALLER THE LONGER THEY STAY IN SPACE?

It is yes: that’s what has been the experience of astronauts who have spent months on the International Space Station in Earth’s orbit.  They have had a height boost of 3 percent, so that if for argument’s sake one was 6 feet tall, he eventually comes to stand at 6 foot 2. This is because when the spine is not subject to Earth’s gravitational pull, the vertebrae can expand and relax, thus making the astronaut taller.  However, the gain in height lasts only for as long as the astronaut is in orbit: when  he returns to Earth, he reverts to his normal height after a few months.

WHAT IS YOUR TAKE ON THE FLAT-EARTH PROPOSITION?

It is nonsensical. All celestial bodies are spherical, not perfectly so but substantially so. Just look at the moon. Even amateur astronomers using a home-made telescope see a spherical Jupiter, Mars, Venus, etc. Why should Earth  be the only exception?

HOW MUCH DOES  THE US SPEND ON SPACE EXPLORATION PER ANNUM? IS IT WORTH IT?

The US spends an average of $23 billion per year on NASA. The figure sounds extravagant given that there are a whole host of socio-economic priorities that need to be attended to. But that is less than 1 percent of every tax dollar.    That is to say, 99 out of 100 cents of tax revenue go to fund other national imperatives. From a global perspective, however, the sum is extravagant. In 2019, NASA’s budget amounted to $21.5 billion, which represented 0.49 percent of the US’s $4.4 trillion fiscal expenditure budget.

Imagine if that $21 billion was spent on combating poverty, disease,  and unemployment across the globe! The world would be a by far better place. All the same, we have to bear in mind that it is important, if not crucial, that we understand the universe in which we live if we are  to best harness the possibilities it offers. So whilst we may deplore the US’s expenditure on NASA in the context of overarching global priorities, we should be grateful of the role the country has played in helping mankind unlock the mysteries of the universe.

WHY DOES SPACE APPEAR PITCH-BLACK IN COLOUR WHEN IT IS FILLED WITH SO MANY CELESTIAL TORCHES IN THE FORM OF STARS?

Darkness is conventionally the absence  of light. During the day, space is blue in colour because blue is the colour reflected the most when the atmosphere scatters the beams of sunlight, which is actually not white but is made up  of at least 7 colours (on celestial bodies without an atmosphere or with a thin atmosphere, notably the moon, space appears black all-day-long and all-night-long).    At night, space is black in colour from the point of view of Earth because there’s no sunlight to reflect colour.

True, space teems with billions if not trillion of stars, the vast majority of which emit light and so by rights it is supposed to be bathed in light. However, the Solar  System is on the edge of the Milky Way Galaxy.  Our location is one of the furthest from the galactic centre. In stellar systems that are closer to the galactic centre, space appears bright because of the concentration of stars.  Bear in mind that it could take billions of years for light from one star to reach the Solar System. Since the Solar System is very young, about 13 billion years old, the greater amount of light from the stars hasn’t reached us yet and so we see far fewer stars. But when our Solar System is reasonably old and much of the light from the galactic stars begin to strike us, space no longer will appear black:  it will be bright through and through.  

BEN, HELP OUT HERE:  IF YOU GO OFF INTO SPACE, TRAVELING NEAR THE SPEED OF LIGHT, AND YOU RETURN TO EARTH, WOULD YOU FIND YOUR TWIN, WHO HAD STAYED ON EARTH, SIGNIFICANTLY OLDER THAN YOU?

Albert Einstein calculated that the closer one travels to the speed of light, the slower the rate at which they will age because time slows down. Both the biological and mechanical clocks, it has been scientifically demonstrated, tick slower at accelerated motion. The natural metabolic processes slow down significantly, which means the rate of the body’s wear and tear slow down substantially too. So the twin who travelled will return to Earth looking nearly the same age he did when he left, whereas the one who remained will have aged by the number of years the travelling twin was away.   

WHY DO ASTRONAUTS WHO ORBIT EARTH AGE SLOWER THAN PEOPLE WHO STAY ON EARTH WHEN WITH THE REDUCED GRAVITY IN SPACE THEY ARE SUPPOSED TO AGE FASTER?

After spending six months on the International Space Station, astronauts have aged 0.005 seconds LESS than the rest of mankind, which is negligible in the greater scheme of things but is still scientifically significant. According to Albert Einstein, time must move slower as gravity increases. The astronaut is some 260 miles above Earth and hence the force of gravity he’s subjected to must be lesser. As such, he is supposed to age at a faster rate than his fellow Earthlings back on Earth. 

But why do the astronauts to the contrary age slower than the rest of us whilst they are in space? They have a mitigating factor in the form of the space station they ride on. The space station is whizzing around Earth at   about 5 miles per second. Ultimately, the space station speed has a higher effect on their bodies than the reduced gravitational pull of the Earth, as a result of which they on balance age slower than us when ideally they should be aging quicker than us.

I RECENTLY WATCHED A DOCUMENTARY ON YOUTUBE WHICH SUGGESTS THAT THE SUN IS IN FACT A DOORWAY INTO AND OUT OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM. YOUR TAKE?

Bogus illuminati science, the kind that is taught in the classroom, avers that the sun is a really hot celestial body, with temperatures reaching up to 27 million Fahrenheit. That is not true. The sun does not operate on the basis of nuclear fission, as we have wrongly been made to believe: it operates on the basis of COLD FUSION. The sun is a very cold heavenly object. Yes, we feel the sun’s heat here on Earth at certain seasons during daytime, but what produces the heat is not the sun: it is the atmosphere.

That’s why the higher you go in the atmosphere, the cooler it gets because the atmosphere becomes thinner. If you stood just a few km above the atmospheric envelope, you would not roast to death: you would freeze to death. Space is ice-cold because the sun emits ice-cold rays. That’s why the argument that the sun is a portal for spacefaring civilisation from other star systems is very persuasive. Whistleblower Corey Goode spent six months in a scientific research vessel belonging to the Solar Warden Space Program (a secret space program run by the U.S. Navy which is responsible for monitoring all incoming and outgoing traffic in the solar system), whereby he witnessed probes being launched into sunspots to study the sun’s composition and behaviour, something possible only if the sun is a cold place and not a blazing hot one.

Goode says probes launched into sunspots showed that the sun contained spiral plasma filaments that stretched all the way from above the sun’s surface to its core and that under the right conditions, these solar filaments could be used as stargates or portals whereby extraterrestrial civilisations can enter or leave our solar system. Goode went on to reveal that there is a “hyperdimensional mathematical model” that links all the suns in our galaxy, which was given to the Solar Warden program by extraterrestrials.  Goode also discusses “nodes” (natural portals) found all over the world, such as in the Bermuda Triangle, that open and close unpredictably. When activated, these nodes can transport ships and aircraft caught within them through hyperdimensional space to anywhere in the galaxy.

COULD YOU PLEASE PROVIDE CONTEXT TO THE CONCEPT OF PARALLEL UNIVERSE?

Actually, parallel universes are not just a concept: they are an existing reality. As beings who carry First Source’s genetic signature, we have the capacity to be everywhere at once and experience all possibility. We do this through what are known as parallel universes. Let us take Jack Kennedy, the legendary US President. He was gunned down in November 1962. But that is in this universe: in another parallel universe, his assassination was actually foiled thanks to the instrumentality of Lee Harvey Osward.

In yet other parallel universes, Adolf Hitler won the Second World War; the US and the Soviet Union went to war; and George Bush, Tony Blair, Henry Kissinger, and Bibi Netanyahu were tried, convicted, and hung for crimes against humanity.  But it seems the rules of Superuniverse 7, where we dwell and in which countless parallel universes obtain, is to be conscious of only one particular parallel universe in one’s life time. Much of our dream scenarios constitute snippets of our experiences in parallel universes.

DO YOU KNOW OF ANY PLACE WHERE A STARGATE CAN BE FOUND?

Yes, courtesy of whistleblowers. I’m aware of at least 20 but I will cite only a few. They are the Bermuda Triangle; the Nazca Lines in Peru;  Mount Shasta; Lake Titicaca; the Sinai Peninsula; the Giza Pyramid; Tibet; Pine Gap in Australia; and the North and South Poles.

WHAT LEVEL OF TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCEMENT ARE WE AT AS EARTHLINGS? AND WHEN ARE WE LIKELY TO PROGRESS TO THE NEXT STAGE?

According to the Kardashev Scale, which was postulated by the Soviet astronomer Nikolai Kardashev in 1964, we are verging on a Type 1 civilisation. Carl Sagan was more specific: he said we were at 0.7, way less than 1.  A Type 1 Civilisation is one which can use and store all the energy available on its planet. There are two levels above ours, Type 2 civilisation (this can control and use energy from its star and the entire planetary system) and Type 3 civilisation (this can control energy in the entire galaxy). Writing in 2011, the renowned physicist Michio Kaku said mankind would be able to attain Type 2 status in 100 years.
 

ALL THE GREAT SPIRITUAL SAGES OF OLD WERE VEGETARIANS AND THUS THEY WERE MORE IN TUNE WITH THE UNIVERSE THAN WE ARE. SHOULD WE ALL BE VEGETARIANS IN THAT REGARD?

It is not what goes into your body that makes you wiser and much more perceptive: it is what comes out of you – through the words you utter, the emotions and thoughts you broadcast all around, and the actions you engage in. Experiments have long demonstrated that plants just like animals feel pain. They are living organisms just like humans and animals are. Thus a vegetarian is no more or less holy than one who gorges on beef or pork. Everything is sentient. Everything has a conscience, including rocks, though the level of sophistication of the conscience varies between life forms.
 

NEXT WEEK:   QUESTIONS ON THE PLANET OF THE GODS

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The Daring Dozen at Bari

8th December 2020
JEFF---Batswana-smoke-unit

Seventy-seven years ago, on the evening of December 2, 1943, the Germans launched a surprise air raid on allied shipping in the Italian port of Bari, which was then the key supply centre for the British 8th army’s advance in Italy.

The attack was spearheaded by 105 Junkers JU88 bombers under the overall command of the infamous Air Marshal Wolfram von Richthofen (who had initially achieved international notoriety during the Spanish Civil War for his aerial bombardment of Guernica). In a little over an hour the German aircraft succeeded in sinking 28 transport and cargo ships, while further inflicting massive damage to the harbour’s facilities, resulting in the port being effectively put out of action for two months.

Over two thousand ground personnel were killed during the raid, with the release of a secret supply of mustard gas aboard one of the destroyed ships contributing to the death toll, as well as subsequent military and civilian casualties. The extent of the later is a controversy due to the fact that the American and British governments subsequently covered up the presence of the gas for decades.

At least five Batswana were killed and seven critically wounded during the raid, with one of the wounded being miraculously rescued floating unconscious out to sea with a head wound. He had been given up for dead when he returned to his unit fourteen days later. The fatalities and casualties all occurred when the enemy hit an ammunition ship adjacent to where 24 Batswana members of the African Pioneer Corps (APC) 1979 Smoke Company where posted.

Thereafter, the dozen surviving members of the unit distinguished themselves for their efficiency in putting up and maintaining smokescreens in their sector, which was credited with saving additional shipping. For his personal heroism in rallying his men following the initial explosions Company Corporal Chitu Bakombi was awarded the British Empire Medal, while his superior officer, Lieutenant N.F. Moor was later given an M.B.E.

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A Strong Marriage Bond Needs Two

8th December 2020

Remember: bricks and cement are used to build a house, but mutual love, respect and companionship are used to build a HOME. And amongst His signs is this: He creates for you mates out of your own kind, so that you may find contentment (Sukoon) with them, and He engenders love and tenderness between you; in this behold, there are signs (messages) indeed for people who reflect and think (Quran 30:21).

This verse talks about contentment; this implies companionship, of their being together, sharing together, supporting one another and creating a home of peace. This verse also talks about love between them; this love is both physical and emotional. For love to exist it must be built on the foundation of a mutually supportive relationship guided by respect and tenderness. As the Quran says; ‘they are like garments for you, and you are garments for them (Quran 2:187)’. That means spouses should provide each other with comfort, intimacy and protection just as clothing protects, warms and dignifies the body.

In Islam marriage is considered an ‘ibaadah’, (an act of pleasing Allah) because it is about a commitment made to each other, that is built on mutual love, interdependence, integrity, trust, respect, companionship and harmony towards each other. It is about building of a home on an Islamic foundation in which peace and tranquillity reigns wherein your offspring are raised in an atmosphere conducive to a moral and upright upbringing so that when we all stand before Him (Allah) on that Promised Day, He will be pleased with them all.

Most marriages start out with great hopes and rosy dreams; spouses are truly committed to making their marriages work. However, as the pressures of life mount, many marriages change over time and it is quite common for some of them to run into problems and start to flounder as the reality of living with a spouse that does not meet with one’s pre-conceived ‘expectations’. However, with hard work and dedication, couples can keep their marriages strong and enjoyable. How is it done? What does it take to create a long-lasting, satisfying marriage?

Below are some of the points that have been taken from a marriage guidance article I read recently and adapted for this purposes.

POSITIVITY
Spouses should have far more positive than negative interactions. If there is too much negativity — criticizing, demanding, name-calling, holding grudges, etc. — the relationship will suffer. However, if there is never any negativity, it probably means that frustrations and grievances are not getting ‘air time’ and unresolved tension is accumulating inside one or both partners waiting to ‘explode’ one day.

“Let not some men among you laugh at others: it may be that the (latter) are better than the (former): nor let some women laugh at others: it may be that the (latter) are better than the (former): nor defame nor be sarcastic to each other, nor call each other by (offensive) nicknames.” (49:11)

We all have our individual faults though we may not see them nor want to admit to them but we will easily identify them in others. The key is balance between the two extremes and being supportive of one another. To foster positivity in a marriage that help make them stable and happy, being affectionate, truly listening to each other, taking joy in each other’s achievements and being playful are just a few examples of positive interactions.
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “The believers who show the most perfect faith are those who have the best character and the best of you are those who are best to their wives”

UNDERSTANDING

Another characteristic of happy marriages is empathy; understanding your spouses’ perspective by putting oneself in his or her shoes. By showing that understanding and identifying with your spouse is important for relationship satisfaction. Spouses are more likely to feel good about their marriage and if their partner expresses empathy towards them. Husbands and wives are more content in their relationships when they feel that their partners understand their thoughts and feelings.

Successful married couples grow with each other; it simply isn’t wise to put any person in charge of your happiness. You must be happy with yourself before anyone else can be.  You are responsible for your actions, your attitudes and your happiness. Your spouse just enhances those things in your life. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “Treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and committed helpers.”

COMMITMENT

Successful marriages involve both spouses’ commitment to the relationship. The married couple should learn the art of compromise and this usually takes years. The largest parts of compromise are openness to the other’s point of view and good communication when differences arise.

When two people are truly dedicated to making their marriage work, despite the unavoidable challenges and obstacles that come, they are much more likely to have a relationship that lasts. Husbands and wives who only focus on themselves and their own desires are not as likely to find joy and satisfaction in their relationships.

ACCEPTANCE

Another basic need in a relationship is each partner wants to feel valued and respected. When people feel that their spouses truly accept them for who they are, they are usually more secure and confident in their relationships. Often, there is conflict in marriage because partners cannot accept the individual preferences of their spouses and try to demand change from one another. When one person tries to force change from another, he or she is usually met with resistance.

However, change is much more likely to occur when spouses respect differences and accept each other unconditionally. Basic acceptance is vital to a happy marriage. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “It is the generous (in character) who is good to women, and it is the wicked who insults them.”
“Overlook (any human faults) with gracious forgiveness.” (Quran 15:85)

COMPASSION, MUTUAL LOVE AND RESPECT

Other important components of successful marriages are love, compassion and respect for each other. The fact is, as time passes and life becomes increasingly complicated, the marriage is often stressed and suffers as a result. A happy and successful marriage is based on equality. When one or the other dominates strongly, intimacy is replaced by fear of displeasing.

It is all too easy for spouses to lose touch with each other and neglect the love and romance that once came so easily. It is vital that husbands and wives continue to cultivate love and respect for each other throughout their lives. If they do, it is highly likely that their relationships will remain happy and satisfying. Move beyond the fantasy and unrealistic expectations and realize that marriage is about making a conscious choice to love and care for your spouse-even when you do not feel like it.

Seldom can one love someone for whom we have no respect. This also means that we have to learn to overlook and forgive the mistakes of one’s partner. In other words write the good about your partner in stone and the bad in dust, so that when the wind comes it blows away the bad and only the good remains.

Paramount of all, marriage must be based on the teachings of the Noble Qur’an and the teachings and guidance of our Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). To grow spiritually in your marriage requires that you learn to be less selfish and more loving, even during times of conflict. A marriage needs love, support, tolerance, honesty, respect, humility, realistic expectations and a sense of humour to be successful.

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Chronic Joblessness: How to Help Curtail it

30th November 2020
Motswana woman

The past week or two has been a mixed grill of briefs in so far as the national employment picture is concerned. BDC just injected a further P64 million in Kromberg & Schubert, the automotive cable manufacturer and exporter, to help keep it afloat in the face of the COVID-19-engendered global economic apocalypse. The financial lifeline, which follows an earlier P36 million way back in 2017, hopefully guarantees the jobs of 2500, maybe for another year or two.

It was also reported that a bulb manufacturing company, which is two years old and is youth-led, is making waves in Selibe Phikwe. Called Bulb Word, it is the only bulb manufacturing operation in Botswana and employs 60 people. The figure is not insignificant in a town that had 5000 jobs offloaded in one fell swoop when BCL closed shop in 2016 under seemingly contrived circumstances, so that as I write, two or three buyers have submitted bids to acquire and exhume it from its stage-managed grave.

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