The deposed Egyptian pharaoh who married his own daughter
When Moses, as Egypt’s 10th pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, set about heralding the return of planet Nibiru (Aten to the Egyptians), the planet of the Anunnaki – the Old Testament gods – this was circa 1367 BC. About 50 years later, Ishkur-Adad, the Jehovah of the exodus, had a mercenary sorcerer announce the imminence of the solar system’s most eminent planet. This non-Israeli seer is in the Bible known as Balaam.
We have already dwelt on Balaam, the renowned curse-and-bless prophet who was hired by the King of Moab with a view to predisposing the Israelites to a telling defeat in the event of war. As it was, Balaam, who was speaking on behalf of Adad, instead pronounced positive oracles – blessings – about the Nation of Israel. In addition, Balaam volunteered a projection of a future scenario at the say-so of Adad. “Let me tell you what the future holds,” he said to the King, “that which will come about to this nation and to your people at the end of days.”
The “future” was being foretold in the context of a certain “star” that was headed in the direction of the ecliptic as Balaam spoke. The following are Balaam’s exact words in this connection: “I see it, though not now; I behold it, though it is not near: a Star of Jacob is on its course. A Scepter from Israel will arise — Moab’s quarters it will crush, all the Children of Seth it will unsettle” (NUMBERS 24:17).
In the statement, Balaam alludes to two things – a Star of Jacob and a Sceptre from Israel. Both these two terms can be logically interchanged with King David as he was the only Jewish King associated with a star, and the sceptre of course was an insignia of royalty. David, it goes without saying, was the scepter that was going to rule Israel some day. But the reference to David is secondary: WHAT BALAAM WAS HERE TALKING ABOUT WAS NIBIRU, WHICH AT THIS JUNCTURE WAS 700 YEARS AWAY. It certainly was not nearing the ecliptic but it was en route. As explained in previous articles, Nibiru acquired the moniker “Star of Jacob” after Jacob sojourned there for about 300 years.
Balaam indicated that the Star of Jacob would pitch at “the end of days”. In Christian pulpits, the term “last days” is spoken of in relation to that apocalyptic time when the reappearance of Jesus will loom large. That is patently untrue. According to Sumerian records, THE END OF DAYS OR LAST DAYS REFERRED TO THE CONCLUDING YEARS OF A ZODIACAL AGE. Thus, what Balaam was saying was that Nibiru would materialise as the Age of Aries (2220 to 60 BC) drew to a close.
Balaam employed the term “end of days” to echo the words Jacob, the progenitor of the 12 tribes of Israel, had used on his deathbed as he pronounced forth his last will and testament to his sons. “Come gather together,” Jacob said, “that I may tell you that which shall befall you at the end of days” (GENESIS 49:1). I am sure Balaam did say much more on the subject of Nibiru, which the Jewish scribes disregarded as it was privileged information.
ANTICIPATED PLANET OF THE CROSSING DEPICTED AS A CROSS
In Sumerian, Babylonian, Assyrian, and Egyptian pictography, Nibiru was ordinarily depicted as a winged disc. This was during that phase of its 3600-year cosmic circuit when it was “far away in heaven, to the rear of the horizon” as per Egyptian hymns. However, when the planet’s return was anticipated, its emblem changed altogether. IT WAS NOW DEPICTED AS A RADIATING CROSS OR JUST AN ORDINARY CROSS TO ACCORD WITH ITS NAME, NIBIRU, WHICH MEANT “THE PLANET OF THE CROSSING”.
Nibiru was the planet of the crossing because when it turned up in the ecliptic, it passed nearer the place where the planet Tiamat (which gave rise to planet Earth and the Asteroid belt when it was smashed into by Nibiru and its dreaded moons). This was between Mars and Jupiter. The Enuma Elish, an iconic Sumerian text, testifies as such in these words: “Planet Nibiru: the Crossroads of Heaven and Earth it shall occupy … Planet Nibiru: the central position he holds … Planet Nibiru: It is he who without tiring the midst of Tiamat keeps crossing; Let ’Crossing’ be his name!”
In the 12th century BC, the cross as a symbol of Nibiru once again became fashionable. In Babylon, Assyria, and elsewhere, kings wore the cross on their chests, like the Pope and devout Catholics do today. But there was more. Writes Zechariah Sitchin in his book The End of Days: “That something unusual was expected was further evidenced on commemorative monuments called kudurru—‘rounded stones’— that were set up as boundary markers.
Inscribed with a text stating the terms of the border treaty (or land grant) and the oaths taken to uphold it, the kudurru was sanctified by symbols of the celestial gods. The divine zodiacal symbols — all twelve of them — were frequently depicted; orbiting above them were the emblems of the Sun, the Moon, and Nibiru. In another depiction, Nibiru was shown in the company of Earth (the seventh planet) and the Moon (and the umbilical-cutter symbol for Ninmah).”
PHARAOH DAVID’S GENERAL SETS SIGHT ON THRONE
Let us at this juncture do a flashback to the days of Egypt’s 21st dynasty. Exactly seven pharaohs spanned this dynasty. The most familiar of these are Siamun and his son Psusennes II. In the Bible, the two are referred to as Jesse and David respectively. DAVID WAS THE LAST PHARAOH OF JEWISH ORIGIN TO RULE EGYPT. Exactly how long David ruled Egypt is not certain but estimates range from 14 to 35 years in the 10th century BC, that is, somewhere between 1000 and 900 BC.
King David was one of the few pharaohs who were simultaneously king and high-priest – a Melchizedek. The Bible affirms this duality when it says David was simultaneously high priest and king (“The Lord hath sworn, and will not repent, thou art a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek” as per PSALM 110:4) though when he was ruling in Canaan he voluntarily waived the status of high priest and entrusted it to Zadok. It is likely that he indeed did that as being a warrior king, he wanted to devote himself to matters of warfare and territorial conquests.
Now, although David was King, he was almost overshadowed by his general. This was Shosheng. One account of the stature of Shosheng reads in part thus: “He had the strength of the Egyptian military behind him as commander-in-chief of all the armies and was also a trusted adviser to Psusennes II. He was noted in the Theban records as ‘Great Chief of the Meshwesh’, who originally were recruited from Libyan tribes as essentially an internal police force.”
Following in the tradition of past pharaohs who wished to consolidate their hold on power safeguard their thrones from powerful personages with covetous eyes, David had Shosheng marry his ravishingly beautiful daughter Maatkare. In the Bible, Maatkare is known as Maakhah-Tamar or more familiarly Bathsheba. However, Shosheng was far from appeased by David’s gesture. David was a Jew and Shosheng was of Libyan origin.
Libyans as a race were much closer to Egyptians than Jews and as far as Shosheng was concerned David was practically a usurper. In fact, although Shosheng was originally Libyan, he was in truth an Egyptian in that his family had lived in Egypt for generations. Thus it was that that Shosheng set about plotting David’s ouster, with David not harbouring the slightest suspicion in that he was a son-in-law.
DAVID OVERTHROWN AS EGYPTIAN PHARAOH
Meanwhile, the countdown to the return of Nibiru was proceeding apace and Anunnaki focus was on Canaan. It was not yet at feverpitch, but the buzz was there. Thus far, Canaan had been ruled by judges and judges were not kings. As such, the domain was politically fragmented and from time to time Jewish tribes even went to war against each other: it was only when they had a common enemy that they regrouped and fought as a unit.
THE ANUNNAKI NOW DECIDED IT WAS TIME CANAAN HAD AN OVERARCHING KING TO UNITE THE DOMAIN AND TO BEGIN THE COUNTDOWN TO THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A FORMAL TEMPLE. The person who was so installed was Saul, of the tribe of Benjamin. Saul was tall, handsome, and a formidable warrior. Moreover, the geopolitically strategic city of Jerusalem was located in Benjamite territory and so it was fitting that a king come from there.
But it seems Saul was a king in a caretaker capacity only. He was more of a viceroy than king, meaning he still was subordinate to King David, who at the time was ruling in Egypt. Circa 988 BC, David travelled to Canaan, perhaps to check on how Saul was faring as his viceroy. During his absence, General Shosheng seized power in Egypt and was crowned as Pharaoh Shosheng I. Shosheng’s accession marked the end of the 21st dynasty and the beginning of the 22nd dynasty. IT ALSO FOREVER ENDED ENLILITE ROLE IN THE AFFAIRS OF EGYPT.
Having lost Egypt, David decided to take the reins, substantively, of Canaan, but Saul gave him the middle finger, whereupon a ebbing and flowing civil war arose between David and he. It was David who ultimately and fortuitously triumphed to become the second Israelite King of Canaan when Soul was killed during a battle with the Philistines, the Israelites’ mortal enemies who told are known as Palestinians.
DAVID MARRIES HIS OWN DAUGHTER
Although David is the most revered of Israel’s kings, he had a whole host of shortcomings. One of these was a tendency to promiscuity, having married at least 8 wives and sired at least 19 children. One upshot of his lecherous ways was that he had Uriah, one of his generals, deliberately abandoned at the battlefront and therefore killed, all because there was one secret which he didn’t want the nation to get to know about. This was that he had committed adultery with Uriah’s wife and made her pregnant.
Worse still, Uriah’s wife was not an ordinary woman: she was a princess. This was Princess Bathsheba, King David’s own daughter. KING DAVID, FOLKS, NOT ONLY HAD AN INCESTUOUS RELATIONSHIP WITH HIS MARRIED DAUGHTER BUT HE ALSO TIED THE KNOT WITH HER AFTER THE TACTICAL ELIMINATION OF HER HUSBAND.
The story of David having schemed the death of Uriah over the matter of a pregnant Bathsheba, Uriah’s wife, is a well-known one. It is related in 2 SAMUEL 11:1-26, 12:15-25. However, the biblical story is heavily doctored: it is not entirely authentic. As biblical scholar Elizabeth Fletcher rightly puts it, “The story of Bathsheba’s seduction as we have it in the Bible was edited by court story-tellers during the reign of her son Solomon, and doubtless influenced by Bathsheba and her son”. It was word that was put out by King Solomon that the scribes ran away with and not the real story. So what is the true story?
Of David’s 8 official wives, one was known as Maakhah. Maakhah, we learn from the Bible, had a daughter known as Tamar. Her full names were Maakhah-Tamar. It was through one of Maakhah-Tamar’s male descendents, Joseph, that Jesus was born into this world. TO HISTORY, MAAKHAH-TAMAR IS BEST KNOWN AS BATHSHEBA. Bathsheba means “Daughter of Sheba”. What was/who was Sheba?
Sheba has two closely-related connotations. The first has to do with a city, actually a star city in that it housed the most important figure of the day in northern Egypt, King David. The city was Avaris, the capital of northern Egypt. The second has to do with David himself. As related in previous articles, David’s throne name was Pashebakaenat. Pashebakaenat can be abbreviated as simply Sheba, meaning “Star”. Thus Bathsheba, it turns out, was David’s daughter. She was the daughter of the Star (David) of the Star City (Avaris).
What happened was that whilst Bathsheba was married to Uriah, David made her pregnant (whilst Uriah was away on duty) and fearing the enormity of the scandal if it became public knowledge, he arranged for Uriah to be killed. After Uriah’s demise, David went on to marry Bathsheba, his own daughter, secretly and in heed of the preconditions she imposed on him declared her his seniormost wife. Thus whilst the palace personnel knew about what had transpired, the body politic had no idea. Remember, there were no newspapers, radio, or television those days. But news has a way of filtering its way into the public domain; hence a secret doesn’t remain so forever.
SOLOMOM INHERITS AFTER DAVID AGAINST ALL ODDS
It was by Bathsheba that King David had Solomon, even today reputed as the wisest man who ever lived, and another son of some fame, Absalom. Sometime after Solomon had succeeded to the throne, we’re told a certain “Queen of Sheba” paid a visit on him. That is the spin the biblical scribes put on the event. THE QUEEN OF SHEBA WAS ACTUALLY QUEEN MOTHER BATHSHEBA. Solomon was visited by his mother Bathsheba. Josephus reports that the queen who visited Solomon was the Queen of Egypt and Ethiopia.
An Egyptian Pharaoh, as King David was, had jurisdiction over Egypt and other territories up to and including Ethiopia. As King David’s widow, Bathsheba, who was David’s favourite wife, was a queen. But at the time she visited King Solomon, Bathsheba was no more than Queen Mother as David had passed on. According to Josephus, Bathsheba presented Solomon with “twenty talents of gold, and an immense quantity of spices and precious stones”. That was simply a mother showing affection toward his son, who didn’t need such a lavish gift anyway as he was already the richest man in the whole wide world.
The Bible also informs us that Bathsheba as a teenager was raped by her paternal half-brother Amnon and that when the rape was reported to David, he did nothing. Again that is totally false: Amnon did not rape Bathsheba. It explains why David didn’t act against him. AMNON, WHO WAS DAVID’S ELDEST SON AND THEREFORE HEIR APPARENT, WANTED TO MARRY BATHSHEBA WITH A VIEW TO INHERITING THE DAVIDIC THRONE HASSLE-FREE SINCE FOR ONE TO SUCCEED TO A THRONE, HE SHOULD HAVE BEEN MARRIED TO A HALF-SISTER AND THE DAUGHTER OF THE SENIORMOST WIFE.
So Amnon kept pestering Bathsheba and Bathsheba seemingly was interested. However, Amnon’s designs on Bathsheba troubled Absalom, Bathsheba’s full brother, as a result of which he had Amnon murdered. It was not about immorality: it all was politics. Amnon was too ambitious for Absalom’s liking. At some stage, Absalom rebelled against King David, incensed that David had anointed Solomon, who was at once his son and grandson, to take over from him upon his death.
Absalom’s ire stemmed from the fact that Bathsheba, Solomon’s mother, was junior to his own mother and so did not deserve to be seniormost wife. As such, Solomon did not deserve to be King when he was born to a junior mother who was at once David’s daughter. Absalom was killed in the uprising by King David’s general Joab. Adonija, David’s surviving eldest son, then had a tilt at the throne too but he lacked the crucial endorsement Solomon received from the prophet Nathan, high priest Zadok, and head of King David’s Secret Service Benaiah. That was how Solomon became King at the expense of David’s other sons who were older than him.
Seventy-seven years ago, on the evening of December 2, 1943, the Germans launched a surprise air raid on allied shipping in the Italian port of Bari, which was then the key supply centre for the British 8th army’s advance in Italy.
The attack was spearheaded by 105 Junkers JU88 bombers under the overall command of the infamous Air Marshal Wolfram von Richthofen (who had initially achieved international notoriety during the Spanish Civil War for his aerial bombardment of Guernica). In a little over an hour the German aircraft succeeded in sinking 28 transport and cargo ships, while further inflicting massive damage to the harbour’s facilities, resulting in the port being effectively put out of action for two months.
Over two thousand ground personnel were killed during the raid, with the release of a secret supply of mustard gas aboard one of the destroyed ships contributing to the death toll, as well as subsequent military and civilian casualties. The extent of the later is a controversy due to the fact that the American and British governments subsequently covered up the presence of the gas for decades.
At least five Batswana were killed and seven critically wounded during the raid, with one of the wounded being miraculously rescued floating unconscious out to sea with a head wound. He had been given up for dead when he returned to his unit fourteen days later. The fatalities and casualties all occurred when the enemy hit an ammunition ship adjacent to where 24 Batswana members of the African Pioneer Corps (APC) 1979 Smoke Company where posted.
Thereafter, the dozen surviving members of the unit distinguished themselves for their efficiency in putting up and maintaining smokescreens in their sector, which was credited with saving additional shipping. For his personal heroism in rallying his men following the initial explosions Company Corporal Chitu Bakombi was awarded the British Empire Medal, while his superior officer, Lieutenant N.F. Moor was later given an M.B.E.
Remember: bricks and cement are used to build a house, but mutual love, respect and companionship are used to build a HOME. And amongst His signs is this: He creates for you mates out of your own kind, so that you may find contentment (Sukoon) with them, and He engenders love and tenderness between you; in this behold, there are signs (messages) indeed for people who reflect and think (Quran 30:21).
This verse talks about contentment; this implies companionship, of their being together, sharing together, supporting one another and creating a home of peace. This verse also talks about love between them; this love is both physical and emotional. For love to exist it must be built on the foundation of a mutually supportive relationship guided by respect and tenderness. As the Quran says; ‘they are like garments for you, and you are garments for them (Quran 2:187)’. That means spouses should provide each other with comfort, intimacy and protection just as clothing protects, warms and dignifies the body.
In Islam marriage is considered an ‘ibaadah’, (an act of pleasing Allah) because it is about a commitment made to each other, that is built on mutual love, interdependence, integrity, trust, respect, companionship and harmony towards each other. It is about building of a home on an Islamic foundation in which peace and tranquillity reigns wherein your offspring are raised in an atmosphere conducive to a moral and upright upbringing so that when we all stand before Him (Allah) on that Promised Day, He will be pleased with them all.
Most marriages start out with great hopes and rosy dreams; spouses are truly committed to making their marriages work. However, as the pressures of life mount, many marriages change over time and it is quite common for some of them to run into problems and start to flounder as the reality of living with a spouse that does not meet with one’s pre-conceived ‘expectations’. However, with hard work and dedication, couples can keep their marriages strong and enjoyable. How is it done? What does it take to create a long-lasting, satisfying marriage?
Below are some of the points that have been taken from a marriage guidance article I read recently and adapted for this purposes.
POSITIVITY Spouses should have far more positive than negative interactions. If there is too much negativity — criticizing, demanding, name-calling, holding grudges, etc. — the relationship will suffer. However, if there is never any negativity, it probably means that frustrations and grievances are not getting ‘air time’ and unresolved tension is accumulating inside one or both partners waiting to ‘explode’ one day.
“Let not some men among you laugh at others: it may be that the (latter) are better than the (former): nor let some women laugh at others: it may be that the (latter) are better than the (former): nor defame nor be sarcastic to each other, nor call each other by (offensive) nicknames.” (49:11)
We all have our individual faults though we may not see them nor want to admit to them but we will easily identify them in others. The key is balance between the two extremes and being supportive of one another. To foster positivity in a marriage that help make them stable and happy, being affectionate, truly listening to each other, taking joy in each other’s achievements and being playful are just a few examples of positive interactions. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “The believers who show the most perfect faith are those who have the best character and the best of you are those who are best to their wives”
Another characteristic of happy marriages is empathy; understanding your spouses’ perspective by putting oneself in his or her shoes. By showing that understanding and identifying with your spouse is important for relationship satisfaction. Spouses are more likely to feel good about their marriage and if their partner expresses empathy towards them. Husbands and wives are more content in their relationships when they feel that their partners understand their thoughts and feelings.
Successful married couples grow with each other; it simply isn’t wise to put any person in charge of your happiness. You must be happy with yourself before anyone else can be. You are responsible for your actions, your attitudes and your happiness. Your spouse just enhances those things in your life. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “Treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and committed helpers.”
Successful marriages involve both spouses’ commitment to the relationship. The married couple should learn the art of compromise and this usually takes years. The largest parts of compromise are openness to the other’s point of view and good communication when differences arise.
When two people are truly dedicated to making their marriage work, despite the unavoidable challenges and obstacles that come, they are much more likely to have a relationship that lasts. Husbands and wives who only focus on themselves and their own desires are not as likely to find joy and satisfaction in their relationships.
Another basic need in a relationship is each partner wants to feel valued and respected. When people feel that their spouses truly accept them for who they are, they are usually more secure and confident in their relationships. Often, there is conflict in marriage because partners cannot accept the individual preferences of their spouses and try to demand change from one another. When one person tries to force change from another, he or she is usually met with resistance.
However, change is much more likely to occur when spouses respect differences and accept each other unconditionally. Basic acceptance is vital to a happy marriage. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “It is the generous (in character) who is good to women, and it is the wicked who insults them.” “Overlook (any human faults) with gracious forgiveness.” (Quran 15:85)
COMPASSION, MUTUAL LOVE AND RESPECT
Other important components of successful marriages are love, compassion and respect for each other. The fact is, as time passes and life becomes increasingly complicated, the marriage is often stressed and suffers as a result. A happy and successful marriage is based on equality. When one or the other dominates strongly, intimacy is replaced by fear of displeasing.
It is all too easy for spouses to lose touch with each other and neglect the love and romance that once came so easily. It is vital that husbands and wives continue to cultivate love and respect for each other throughout their lives. If they do, it is highly likely that their relationships will remain happy and satisfying. Move beyond the fantasy and unrealistic expectations and realize that marriage is about making a conscious choice to love and care for your spouse-even when you do not feel like it.
Seldom can one love someone for whom we have no respect. This also means that we have to learn to overlook and forgive the mistakes of one’s partner. In other words write the good about your partner in stone and the bad in dust, so that when the wind comes it blows away the bad and only the good remains.
Paramount of all, marriage must be based on the teachings of the Noble Qur’an and the teachings and guidance of our Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). To grow spiritually in your marriage requires that you learn to be less selfish and more loving, even during times of conflict. A marriage needs love, support, tolerance, honesty, respect, humility, realistic expectations and a sense of humour to be successful.
The past week or two has been a mixed grill of briefs in so far as the national employment picture is concerned. BDC just injected a further P64 million in Kromberg & Schubert, the automotive cable manufacturer and exporter, to help keep it afloat in the face of the COVID-19-engendered global economic apocalypse. The financial lifeline, which follows an earlier P36 million way back in 2017, hopefully guarantees the jobs of 2500, maybe for another year or two.
It was also reported that a bulb manufacturing company, which is two years old and is youth-led, is making waves in Selibe Phikwe. Called Bulb Word, it is the only bulb manufacturing operation in Botswana and employs 60 people. The figure is not insignificant in a town that had 5000 jobs offloaded in one fell swoop when BCL closed shop in 2016 under seemingly contrived circumstances, so that as I write, two or three buyers have submitted bids to acquire and exhume it from its stage-managed grave.