It dated back to the third millennium BC and served Egyptian Pharaohs
In March 1904, WM Flinders Petrie, a British archaeologist and the most renowned of his era, set off for the Sinai Peninsula accompanied by a small retinue of assistants. Their specific destination was a rugged outcrop called Serabit El Khadim. The expedition’s brief was to survey the old copper and turquoise mining region of the Sinai Peninsula under the auspices of the Egyptian Exploration Fund, the mission’s sponsors.
The mission was not entirely objective: it had strings. A fundamental, if not inviolable, objective of the sponsors was “the promotion of surveys and excavations for the purpose of elucidating or illustrating the Old Testament narrative”. In other words, the beneficiaries of the sponsorship were expected to come up with a report that validated what was contained in the Bible and not one that gainsaid or discredited it. Petrie duly undertook to abide by this precept though at the end of the day he threw away the script anyway. He would later publish the expedition’s findings in a book he titled Researches in the Sinai in 1906.
Exactly what were the expedition’s findings, which put Petrie at odds with his sponsors and to the extent where they pulled the plug on sponsorship of his onward biblically-based archaeological endeavours? We will only focus on what is relevant for our purpose. At an altitude of about 70 metres, Petrie happened upon the ruins of an ancient temple which extended from a great man-made cave. The temple structure has been described as “a series of adjoining halls, shrines, courts, cubicles, and chambers, all set within a surrounding enclosure hall”.
The temple’s inscriptions, pillars, cartouches, and stelas denoted Egyptian pharaohs down the ages and dated back to the third millennium BC, more than 1000 years before Moses’ time. The pharaohs ascribed to extended from the 4th dynasty (circa 2600 BC) to the 20th dynasty (circa 1070 BC), representing an operative use of the temple for about 1500 years. “The whole of it was buried,” writes Flinders, “and no one had any knowledge of it until we cleared the site.”
Of particular note was the HALL OF HATHOR, the temple proper. It transpired that Hathor, the adopted Egyptian goddess, was the sole object of veneration in the temple. Hathor as you know was the fair-minded Anunnaki goddess known as Ninmah or Ninharsag in the Sumerian records. She was the half-sister of Enlil, the Bible’s principle Jehovah, and the step sister of Enki, the “Serpent of Genesis” who genetically engineered Adam from the genes of Homo Erectus and a young Olmec, a dark-skinned Anunnaki.
Before the Anunnaki spaceport in the Sinai Peninsula was nuked by Ninurta, Enlil’s firsborn son, in 2024 BC, Ninmah was its resident goddess. It’s small wonder, therefore, that she could be worshipped in the very environs she had long been associated with. Some of the items unearthed in the Hall of Hathor were a limestone stela of Ramesses I, the pharaoh under whom the Israelites were freed in 1335 BC, and a bust of Pharaoh Akhenaten’s (Moses’) mother Tiye, who as you now know was the daughter of the patriarch Joseph, or Yuya to the Egyptians. Altogether, Petrie’s party removed some 463 items from the temple. Which of these was the most sensitive and therefore had the effect of setting Petrie on a collision course with his sponsors?
OF LONGEVITY AND THE FIELD OF MFKZT
Much of the material the Petrie team excavators found in Hathor’s temple was not exactly out of the ordinary. But three things particularly riveted their attention. These were a METALLURGIST’S CRUCIBLE, a considerable stash of PURE WHITE POWDER (“many tons of it” in Petrie’s own words) concealed beneath carefully laid flagstones, and a mysterious term, MFKZT, which enjoyed repeated mention on the temple walls and a number of stelas.
What was a metallurgist’s crucible doing in a religious chamber? What was the exact nature of the white powder? And what was this other jigsaw called Mfkzt? Unbeknownst to Petrie and his team, Mfkzt had long been alluded to in ancient Egypt’s sacred writings known as The Pyramid Texts, which were set down on the walls of the pyramid tomb of King Unnas of the 5th dynasty. The texts describe Mfkzt as a stone.
Nor was the Petrie party aware that relatively recently, in1667, Eirenaeus Philalethes, an alchemist who was held in very high esteem by even the likes of Isaac Newton, published a work he titled Secrets Revealed. In the book, he called attention to the “Philosopher’s Stone”. This Stone was capable of converting base metals such as zinc and lead to gold, a process dubbed alchemy. YET THE STONE WAS GOLD ITSELF.
This is the way Philalethes expatiated on it: “Our Stone is nothing but gold digested to the highest degree of purity and subtle fixation”. In a further work he produced in 1668, titled A Brief Guide to the Celestial Ruby, Philalethes expanded on his definition of the Philosopher’s Stone thus (the emphasis is ours): “It is called a Stone by virtue of its fixed nature: it resists the action of fire as successfully as any stone. In species it is gold, more purer than the purest. It is fixed and incombustible like a stone, but ITS APPEARANCE IS THAT OF A VERY FINE POWDER.”
Mfkzt was gold powder though it was referred to as a stone. It emerged that what Petrie and his team had stumbled upon was an Ormus-manufacturing setting. The Ormus was meant for Egyptian pharaohs and was punted as “a giver of life”. How? Firstly, it was the Fountain of Youth: it made the pharaohs live way much longer than ordinary mortals (true, some pharaohs did die at very tender ages but these were in all likelihood tactfully poisoned in veiled assassinations, whereas others, like Tutankhamen, were violently killed).
The ancients who were initiated into secret knowledge through mystery schools believed, or were aware that, a being was made up primarily of two bodies – the physical body and the light body. Both the two needed to be fed to be in sound health because they complemented each other: if one was lacking in one way or the other, it affected the other. Whereas the physical body needed to be sustained on material food substances, the light body, which was also known as the KA, needed to be fed on light. But this was not sunlight:
it was a euphemism for Ormus. Since consuming Ormus instilled deeper intellectual, spiritual, and metaphysical insights, it was known as GNOSIS. In other words, Gnosis enabled its partaker to access knowledge pertaining to the realm of advanced enlightenment (the Afterlife). The Syro-Phoenicians referred to this realm as the PLANE OF SHARON, meaning the Dimension of Light, with light in this context denoting the centrality of Ormus. Indeed, at Serabit, the Petrie party took note of the traditional hieroglyph of light – a point within a circle – in a section of the Hathor Temple dubbed the Shrine of Kings, that is, pharaohs.
Second, when pharaohs were on their death bed, they used Ormus to directly translate to the Afterlife even as they drew breath – the reason it was called the Powder of Projection. In other words, they simply drifted off into the Hereafter without tasting death, as if dying in sleep. When this happened, their only physical remains, their corpse, was nothing but pure white gold dust – the same Ormus which had made them vanish into the Afterlife.
It was this powder that was preserved as their “mummy” inside their pyramid tombs. Evidence of this has been found in the tombs of the pharaohs of the 4th dynasty, (c. 2613 to 2494 BC), namely Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure, whose mummies have never been found: instead, a white powder was found inside their resting places.
In The Pyramid Texts, the place in which King Unnas is said to live forever with the gods in the aftermath of his death is called the Field of Mfkzt. And in The Book of the Dead, the world’s oldest complete book, the pharaoh throughout his journey into the blissful realm of the departed continues to utter the phrase, “What is it?”. THIS IS CODE FOR ORMUS. It is from the Hebrew term meaning “what is it” that the biblical word “Manna” is translated. Thus as he journeyed to his eternal abode in his light body, the pharaoh kept up a chant extolling the wonder of Ormus!
“GIVE US THIS DAY OUR DAILY BREAD”
One other thing that caught the attention of the Petrie party was the occurrence several times of the word “bread” and portrayals of the tendering of objects described as bread on the walls of the Hathor Temple. There was a rock tablet showing a representation of a man, who stood behind Pharaoh Tuthmosis IV and the goddess Hathor, bearing a conical object called “white bread”.
There was a stela depicting Ankhib, a mason, offering two conical bread cakes to Tuthmosis IV. Another shows Sobekhotep, Amenhotep III’s treasurer, holding in readiness a conical loaf of white bread in the presence of both the pharaoh and the goddess Hathor. Two more round-topped stelas feature Tuthmosis III and Amenhotep III. Tuthmosis is portrayed presenting a conical white bread loaf to the god Amen-Ra (Marduk) “so that he may be given life”.
The one that shows Amenhotep III presenting a conical loaf to a different god says, “He gave the gold of reward, the mouth rejoiced”. THIS SUGGESTS IN NO UNCERTAIN TERMS THAT THIS BREAD WAS MADE OF GOLD AND IT WAS AT ONCE A SUSTAINER OF TEMPORAL LIFE AND A PROJECTOR INTO AN ETERNAL SUPER-DIMENSIONAL REALM OF EXISTENCE.
Bread, as we already know, was a cryptic word for Ormus because it was ordinarily mixed with ingredients that go into making bread during the wilderness years. The phrase, “give us our daily bread” in the so-called Lord’s Prayer (which was purloined from a routine prayer Egyptians uttered to their national god Marduk) does not refer to ordinary bread: it refers to Ormus, which ancient kings, from Sumerian to pharaonic times, partook on a daily basis. It is also significant that the birthplace of Jesus is Bethlehem, meaning “House of Bread”.
Once again, this is not the usual bread; it is Ormus. Ancient Bethlehem must have been the Ormus production hub of Palestine. It was this same bread, called shewbread in the Old Testament, that was set on a table in the Tabernacle. It was also known as the “Bread of the Presence” in that it was shown off to God’s symbolic presence as it represented the eternal life conferred by God.
In EXODUS 25; 29-31, we’re told that shewbread was manufactured at Mount Horeb by Benzeleel, a skilled goldsmith. Goldsmiths or artisans of any kind are not into baking bread. Clearly, this was not bakery type bread but Ormus. The shewbread did have a flour component alright but its basic ingredient was gold or silver or both. Among the treasures of Tuthmosis III as reproduced in a bas relief at the Karnak Temple are a number of cone-shaped items appearing under the metals section.
They are described as “white bread” and the explanation says they are made of one part silver and thirty-parts gold. The conical stones the Petrie team found along with the pure white powder were symbolic of something profound – superconductive gold dust which in day to day language was disguised as a “stone”, the Philosopher’s Stone.
MESSAGE IN STATUE OF MELCHIZEDEK
The first mention of Ormus in its edible form in the Bible is encountered not in the time of Moses but in that of Abraham. In GENESIS 14:18, we’re told that General Abe, after repulsing the eastern military alliance, was presented with “bread and wine” by Melchizedek, the Priest-King of Jerusalem who was in fact his father Terah.
At Chatres Cathedral in France stands a statue of Melchizedek, who presents forth a stone in a chalice rather than wine in a chalice. The cathedral was designed by the Knights Templar and operationalised by a guild of freemasons known as the Children of Solomon. Freemasons, particularly those who occupy the higher echelons of the order (that is, beyond 33 degrees) possess an awful amount of knowledge which the general denizens of the planet such as you and I know very little or nothing about. So what are the Freemasons trying to convey to the public in the Statue of Melchizedek?
First, let us appreciate that THE CHALICE REPRESENTS THE GRAIL WOMB. This womb contains the cosmic royal blood that dates back to the SSS World, the throne planet of the Orion Empire. This cosmic royal family is otherwise known as the SANGREAL (meaning “Royal Blood”) or the DESPOSYNYI. At the cosmic level, it started with the Orion Queen, the mother of Enki. At the level of our planet, it started with Cain, who was the son of Enki by an Earthling woman known as Titi-Eve. This Grail family progressed from Cain all the way to Jesus.
In modern times, it was represented by the Merovingian and the Scottish Kings known as the Stuarts. The last famous member of the Grail family was Princess Diana, though the linear descendant is the marginalised, maligned, and even ridiculed (by the Western establishment) Prince Michael of Albany.
So what is the Statue of Melchizedek telling us? IT IS SAYING THE GRAIL GENETIC LINE (REPRESENTED BY THE CHALICE) HAS BEEN SUSTAINED OVER THE AGES BY ORMUS, THE BREAD STONE CONTAINED IN THE CHALICE. How so? As we explained above, consuming Ormus imparts Gnosis – transcendent knowledge of both the reality in which we are (this counterfeit universe) and the higher dimension to which we proceed after death. Knowledge is power: if you know something critical, vital, and fundamental others do not, you can achieve your every goal and meet every aspiration in life. You practically become omniscient, omnipotent, and omnipresent in a manner of speaking.
The so-called Holy Communion is a throwback to the very first that was held between Terah and Abraham in the 2nd millennium BC. In the Bible, as well in Sumerian records, it is said the sacraments in the Abraham-Terah communion were bread and wine. Bread as we now know stands for Ormus. What about the wine? Well, it was not wine actually: it was AMBROSIA, an extract of menstruum. We have long highlighted that Ambrosia has properties that approximate those of Ormus.
Thus bread, wine, and stone are all interchangeable: they are talking about one and the same thing – Ormus. Indeed, in 1 CORINTHIANS 10:3, Manna (Ormus) is described as spiritual food; in JOHN 6:31-41, it is ratified as the true Bread of the Eucharist, the Holy Communion. And REVELATION 2:7 says; “To him that overcometh, I’ll give to eat of the hidden Manna, and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name which no man knows except the one who receiveth it.” This is Ormus being talked about here.
“LAST SUPPER” INVOLVED ORMUS
In the gospels, we see Jesus preside over a “meal” that is famously known as the Last Supper. In other words, it was the last Holy Communion which Jesus participated in. In truth, it was the first and last Holy Communion he took part in as henceforth he was to disappear from the public domain.
The Last Supper was not an ordinary meal: it involved partaking of Ormus. If you recall, we did in earlier articles call attention to the fact that the reason why the Essenes, a Jewish religious sect to which Jesus belonged, settled at Qumran on the shores of the Dead Sea was because that sea was rich in Ormus, which they happily extracted. Even today, high-quality Ormus, such as Vancouver Island Ormus, is obtained from the Dead Sea.
During Holy Communion, Ormus was administered to those in attendance by the Essene High Priest. At the time of the Last Supper, the Essene High Priest was Jonathan Annas, also known as Nathaniel. But that night Jesus challenged him for the position for two reasons. First, the linear High Priest, John had been killed and since he had no heir, the position was technically vacant.
Second, King David had been designated Priest-King by Jehovah-Enlil (“The Lord hath sworn, and will not repent, thou art a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek” as per PSALM 110:4) and so Jesus reckoned that with John deceased, he deserved the title of Priest-King since he was at once a descendant of David (from his father’s side) and a descendant of Aaron (from his mother’s side). That’s how Jesus won the day.
Put differently, Jesus administered the Last Supper after the order of Melchizedek, as only a Priest-King or a High Priest had the right to preside over the Ormus meal. King David had waived that right and entrusted it to Zadok the High Priest. But Jesus did not have a qualifying person to delegate it to since John had no heirs. He was thus the only qualifying candidate.
In recent years, using personal devices in working environments has become so commonplace it now has its own acronym, BOYD (Bring Your Own Device). But as employees skip between corporate tools and personal applications on their own devices, their actions introduce a number of possible risks that should be managed and mitigated with careful consideration. Consider these examples:
Si-lwli, a small family-run business in Wales, is arguably as niche a company as you could find, producing talking toys used to promote the Welsh language. Their potential market is small, with only some 300,000 Welsh language speakers in the world and in reality the business is really more of a hobby for the husband-and-wife team, who both still have day jobs. Yet, despite still managing to be successful in terms of sales, the business is now fighting for survival after recently falling prey to cybercriminals. Emails between Si-Iwli and their Chinese suppliers were intercepted by hackers who altered the banking details in the correspondence, causing Si-Iwli to hand over £18,000 (around P ¼ m) to the thieves. That might not sound much to a large enterprise, but to a small or medium business it can be devastating.
Another recent SMB hacking story which appeared in the Wall Street Journal concerned Innovative Higher Ed Consulting (IHED) Inc, a small New York start-up with a handful of employees. IHED didn’t even have a website, but fraudsters were able to run stolen credit card numbers through the company’s payment system and reverse the charges to the tune of $27,000, around the same loss faced by Si-Iwli. As the WSJ put it, the hackers completely destroyed the company, forcing its owners to fold.
And in May 2019, the city of Baltimore’s computer system was hit by a ransomware attack, with hackers using a variant called RobinHood. The hack, which has lasted more than a month, paralysed the computer system for city employees, with the hackers demanding a payment in Bitcoin to give access back to the city.
Of course, hackers target governments or business giants but small and medium businesses are certainly not immune. In fact, 67% of SMBs reported that they had experienced a cyber attack across a period of 12 months, according to a 2018 survey carried out by security research firm Ponemon Institute. Additionally, Verizon issued a report in May 2019 that small businesses accounted for 43% of its reported data breaches. Once seen as less vulnerable than PCs, smartphone attacks are on the rise, with movements like the Dark Caracal spyware campaign underlining the allure of mobile devices to hackers. Last year, the US Federal Trade Commission released a statement calling for greater education on mobile security, coming at a time when around 42% of all Android devices are believed to not carry the latest security updates.
This is an era when employees increasingly use their smartphones for work-related purposes so is your business doing enough to protect against data breaches on their employees’ phones? The SME Cyber Crime Survey 2018 carried out for risk management specialists AON showed that more than 80% of small businesses did not view this as a threat yet if as shown, 67% of SMBs were said to have been victims of hacking, either the stats are wrong or business owners are underestimating their vulnerability. A 2019 report by PricewaterhouseCoopers suggests the latter, stating that the majority of global businesses are unprepared for cyber attacks.
Consider that a workstation no longer means a desk in an office: It can be a phone in the back of a taxi or Uber; a laptop in a coffee shop, or a tablet in an airport lounge. Wherever the device is used, employees can potentially install applications that could be harmful to your business, even from something as seemingly insignificant as clicking on an accidental download or opening a link on a phishing email. Out of the physical workplace, your employees’ activities might not have the same protections as they would on a company-monitored PC.
Yet many businesses not only encourage their employees to work remotely, but assume working from coffee shops, bookstores, and airports can boost employees’ productivity. Unfortunately, many remote hot spots do not provide secure Wi-Fi so if your employee is accessing their work account on unsecured public Wi-Fi, sensitive business data could be at risk. Furthermore, even if your employee uses a company smartphone or has access to company data through a personal mobile device, there is always a chance data could be in jeopardy with a lost or stolen device, even information as basic as clients’ addresses and phone numbers.
BOYDs are also at risk from malware designed to harm and infect the host system, transmittable to smartphones when downloading malicious third-party apps. Then there is ransomware, a type of malware used by hackers to specifically take control of a system’s data, blocking access or threatening to release sensitive information unless a ransom is paid such as the one which affected Baltimore. Ransomware attacks are on the increase, predicted to occur every 14 seconds, potentially costing billions of dollars per year.
Lastly there is phishing – the cyber equivalent of the metaphorical fishing exercise – whereby cybercriminals attempt to obtain sensitive data –usernames, passwords, credit card details –usually through a phoney email designed to look legitimate which directs the user to a fraudulent website or requests the data be emailed back directly. Most of us like to think we could recognize a phishing email when we see it, but these emails have become more sophisticated and can come through other forms of communication such as messaging apps.
Bottom line is to be aware of the potential problems with BOYDs and if in doubt, consult your IT security consultants. You can’t put the own-device genie back in the bottle but you can make data protection one of your three wishes!
About five days before Princess Diana and Dodi Al Fayed landed in Paris, General Atiku, a certain Edward Williams was taking a walk in a woods in the Welsh town of Mountain Ash. Williams, then 73, was a psychic of some renown. He had in the past foretold assassination attempts on US President Ronald Reagan, which occurred on March 30, 1981, and Pope John Paul II, which came to pass on May 13, 1981.
As he trudged the woods, Williams had a sudden premonition that pointed to Diana’s imminent fate as per Christopher Andersen’s book The Day Diana Died. “When the vision struck me, it was as if everything around me was obscured and replaced by shadowy figures,” Williams was later to reminisce. “In the middle was the face of Princess Diana. Her expression was sad and full of pathos. She was wearing what looked like a floral dress with a short dark cardigan. But it was vague. I went cold with fear and knew it was a sign that she was in danger.”
Williams hastily beat a retreat to his home, which he shared with his wife Mary, and related to her his presentiment, trembling like an aspen leaf as he did so. “I have never seen him so upset,” Mary recounted. “He felt he was given a sign and when he came back from his walk he was deeply shaken.”
The following day, Williams frantically sauntered into a police station to inform the police of his premonition. The officer who attended to him would have dismissed him as no more than a crackpot but he treated him seriously in view of the accuracy of his past predictions. He took a statement and immediately passed it on to the Special Branch Investigative Unit.
The report read as follows:
“On 27 August, at 14:12 hrs, a man by the name of Edward Williams came to Mountain Ash police station. He said he was a psychic and predicted that Princess Diana was going to die. In previous years, he has predicted that the Pope and Ronald Reagan were going to be the victims of assassination attempts. On both occasions he was proved to be correct. Mr Williams appeared to be quite normal.”
Williams, General, was spot-on as usual: four days later, the princess was no more.
Meanwhile, General, even as Dodi and Diana were making their way to the Fayed-owned Ritz Hotel in central Paris, British newspapers were awash with headlines that suggested Diana was kind of deranged. Writes Andrew Morton in Diana in Pursuit of Love: “In The Independent Diana was described as ‘a woman with fundamentally nothing to say about anything’. She was ‘suffering from a form of arrested development’. ‘Isn’t it time she started using her head?’ asked The Mail on Sunday. The Sunday Mirror printed a special supplement entitled ‘A Story of Love’; The News of the World claimed that William had demanded that Diana should split from Dodi: ‘William can’t help it, he just doesn’t like the man.’ William was reportedly ‘horrified’ and ‘doesn’t think Mr Fayed is good for his mother’ – or was that just the press projecting their own prejudices? The upmarket Sunday Times newspaper, which had first serialised my biography of the princess, now put her in the psychiatrist’s chair for daring to be wooed by a Muslim. The pop-psychologist Oliver James put Diana ‘On the Couch’, asking why she was so ‘depressed’ and desperate for love. Other tabloids piled in with dire prognostications – about Prince Philip’s hostility to the relationship, Diana’s prospect of exile, and the social ostracism she would face if she married Dodi.”
DIANA AND DODI AT THE RITZ
Before Diana and Dodi departed the Villa Windsor sometime after 16 hrs, General, one of Dodi’s bodyguards Trevor Rees-Jones furtively asked Diana as to what the programme for the evening was. This Trevor did out of sheer desperation as Dodi had ceased and desisted from telling members of his security detail, let alone anyone else for that matter, what his onward destination was for fear that that piece of information would be passed on to the paparazzi. Diana kindly obliged Trevor though her response was terse and scarcely revealing. “Well, eventually we will be going out to a restaurant”, that was all Diana said. Without advance knowledge of exactly what restaurant that was, Trevor and his colleagues’ hands were tied: they could not do a recce on it as was standard practice for the security team of a VIP principal. Dodi certainly, General, was being recklessly by throwing such caution to the winds.
At about 16:30, Diana and Dodi drew up at the Ritz Hotel, where they were received by acting hotel manager Claude Roulet. The front entrance of the hotel was already crawling with paparazzi, as a result of which the couple took the precaution of using the rear entrance, where hopefully they would make their entry unperturbed and unmolested. The first thing they did when they were ensconced in the now $10,000 a night Imperial Suite was to spend some time on their mobiles and set about touching base with friends, relations, and associates. Diana called at least two people, her clairvoyant friend Rita Rogers and her favourite journalist Richard Kay of The Daily Mail.
Rita, General, was alarmed that Diana had proceeded to venture to Paris notwithstanding the warning she had given Dodi and herself in relation to what she had seen of him in the crystal ball when the couple had consulted her. When quizzed as to what the hell she indeed was doing in Paris at that juncture, Diana replied that she and Dodi had simply come to do some shopping, which though partially true was not the material reason they were there. “But Diana, remember what I told Dodi,” Rita said somewhat reprovingly. Diana a bit apprehensively replied, “Yes I remember. I will be careful. I promise.” Well, she did not live up to her promise as we shall soon unpack General.
As for Richard Kay, Diana made known to him that, “I have decided I am going to radically change my life. I am going to complete my obligations to charities and to the anti-personnel land mines cause, but in November I want to completely withdraw from formal public life.”
Once she was done with her round of calls, Diana went down to the hair saloon by the hotel swimming pool to have her hair washed and blow-dried ahead of the scheduled evening dinner.
THE“TELL ME YES” RING IS DELIVERED
Since the main object of their Paris trip was to pick up the “Tell Me Yes” engagement ring Dodi had ordered in Monte Carlo a week earlier, Dodi decided to check on Repossi Jewellery, which was right within the Ritz prencincts, known as the Place Vendome. It could have taken less than a minute for Dodi to get to the store on foot but he decided to use a car to outsmart the paparazzi invasion. He was driven there by Trevor Rees-Jones, with Alexander Kez Wingfield and Claude Roulet following on foot, though he entered the shop alone.
The Repossi store had closed for the holiday season but Alberto Repossi, accompanied by his wife and brother-in-law, had decided to travel all the way from his home in Monaco and momentarily open it for the sake of the potentially highly lucrative Dodi transaction. Alberto, however, disappointed Dodi as the ring he had chosen was not the one he produced. The one he showed Dodi was pricier and perhaps more exquisite but Dodi was adamant that he wanted the exact one he had ordered as that was what Diana herself had picked. It was a ploy on the part of Repossi to make a real killing on the sale, his excuse to that effect being that Diana deserved a ring tha was well worthy of her social pedigree. With Dodi having expressed disaffection, Repossi rendered his apologies and assured Dodi he would make the right ring available shortly, whereupon Dodi repaired back to the hotel to await its delivery. But Dodi did insist nonetheless that the pricier ring be delivered too in case it appealed to Diana anyway.
Repossi delivered the two rings an hour later. They were collected by Roulet. On inspecting them, Dodi chose the very one he had seen in Monte Carlo, apparently at the insistence of Diana. There is a possibility that Diana, who was very much aware of her public image and was not comfortable with ostentatious displays of wealth, may have deliberately shown an interest in a less expensive engagement ring. It may have been a purely romantic as opposed to a prestigious choice for her.
The value of the ring, which was found on a wardrobe shelf in Dodi’s apartment after the crash, has been estimated to be between $20,000 and $250,000 as Repossi has always refused to be drawn into revealing how much Dodi paid for it. The sum, which enjoyed a 25 percent discount, was in truth paid for not by Dodi himself but by his father as was the usual practice.
Dodi was also shown Repossi’s sketches for a bracelet, a watch, and earrings which he proposed to create if Diana approved of them.
DIANA AND DODI GUSH OVER IMMINENT NUPTIALS
At about 7 pm, Dodi and Diana left the Ritz and headed for Dodi’s apartment at a place known as the Arc de Trompe. They went there to properly tog themselves out for the scheduled evening dinner. They spent two hours at the luxurious apartment. As usual, the ubiquitous paparazzi were patiently waiting for them there.
As they lingered in the apartment, Dodi beckoned over to his butler Rene Delorm and showed him the engagement ring. “Dodi came into my kitchen,” Delorm relates. “He looked into the hallway to check that Diana couldn’t hear and reached into his pocket and pulled out the box … He said, ‘Rene, I’m going to propose to the princess tonight. Make sure that we have champagne on ice when we come back from dinner’.” Rene described the ring as “a spectacular diamond encrusted ring, a massive emerald surrounded by a cluster of diamonds, set on a yellow and white gold band sitting in a small light-grey velvet box”.
Just before 9 pm, Dodi called the brother of his step-father, Hassan Yassen, who also was staying at the Ritz that night, and told him that he hoped to get married to Diana by the end of the year.
Later that same evening, both Dodi and Diana would talk to Mohamed Al Fayed, Dodi’s dad, and make known to him their pre-nuptial intentions. “They called me and said we’re coming back (to London) on Sunday (August 31) and on Monday (September 1) they are
Ramadan is the fasting month for Muslims, where over one billion Muslims throughout the world fast from dawn to sunset, and pray additional prayers at night. It is a time for inner reflection, devotion to Allah, and self-control. It is the ninth month in the Islamic calendar. As you read this Muslims the world over have already begun fasting as the month of Ramadan has commenced (depending on the sighting of the new moon).
‘The month of Ramadan is that in which the Qur’an was revealed as guidance for people, in it are clear signs of guidance and Criterion, therefore whoever of you who witnesses this month, it is obligatory on him to fast it. But whoever is ill or traveling let him fast the same number of other days, God desires ease for you and not hardship, and He desires that you complete the ordained period and glorify God for His guidance to you, that you may be grateful”. Holy Qur’an (2 : 185)
Fasting during Ramadan is one of the five pillars upon which the structure of Islam is built. The other four are: the declaration of one’s belief in Allah’s oneness and in the message of Muhammad (PBUH); regular attendance to prayer; payment of zakaat (obligatory charity); and the pilgrimage to Mecca.
As explained in an earlier article, fasting includes total abstinence from eating, drinking, smoking, refraining from obscenity, avoiding getting into arguments and including abstaining from marital relations, from sunrise to sunset. While fasting may appear to some as difficult Muslims see it as an opportunity to get closer to their Lord, a chance to develop spiritually and at the same time the act of fasting builds character, discipline and self-restraint.
Just as our cars require servicing at regular intervals, so do Muslims consider Ramadan as a month in which the body and spirit undergoes as it were a ‘full service’. This ‘service’ includes heightened spiritual awareness both the mental and physical aspects and also the body undergoing a process of detoxification and some of the organs get to ‘rest’ through fasting.
Because of the intensive devotional activity fasting, Ramadan has a particularly high importance, derived from its very personal nature as an act of worship but there is nothing to stop anyone from privately violating Allah’s commandment of fasting if one chooses to do so by claiming to be fasting yet eating on the sly. This means that although fasting is obligatory, its observance is purely voluntary. If a person claims to be a Muslim, he is expected to fast in Ramadan.
The reward Allah gives for proper fasting is very generous. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) quotes Allah as saying: “All actions done by a human being are his own except fasting, which belongs to Me and I will reward it accordingly.” We are also told by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) that the reward for proper fasting is admittance into heaven.
Fasting earns great reward when it is done in a ‘proper’ manner. This is because every Muslim is required to make his worship perfect. For example perfection of fasting can be achieved through restraint of one’s feelings and emotions. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said that when fasting, a person should not allow himself to be drawn into a quarrel or a slanging match. He teaches us: “On a day of fasting, let no one of you indulge in any obscenity, or enter into a slanging match. Should someone abuse or fight him, let him respond by saying: ‘I am fasting!’”
This high standard of self-restraint fits in well with fasting, which is considered as an act of self-discipline. Islam requires us to couple patience with voluntary abstention from indulgence in our physical desires. The purpose of fasting helps man to attain a high degree of sublimity, discipline and self-restraint. In other words, this standard CAN BE achieved by every Muslim who knows the purpose of fasting and strives to fulfill it.
Fasting has another special aspect. It makes all people share in the feelings of hunger and thirst. In normal circumstances, people with decent income may go from one year’s end to another without experiencing the pangs of hunger which a poor person may feel every day of his life. Such an experience helps to draw the rich one’s conscience nearer to needs of the poor. A Muslim is encouraged to be more charitable and learns to give generously for a good cause.
Fasting also has a universal or communal aspect to it. As Muslims throughout the world share in this blessed act of worship, their sense of unity is enhanced by the fact that every Muslim individual joins willingly in the fulfillment of this divine commandment. This is a unity of action and purpose, since they all fast in order to be better human beings. As a person restrains himself from the things he desires most, in the hope that he will earn Allah’s pleasure, self-discipline and sacrifice become part of his nature.
The month of Ramadan can aptly be described as a “season of worship.” Fasting is the main aspect of worship in this month, because people are more attentive to their prayers, read the Qur’an more frequently and also strive to improve on their inner and outer character. Thus, their devotion is more complete and they feel much happier in Ramadan because they feel themselves to be closer to their Creator.