Fourth Commandment pays homage to Saturn, Lucifer’s HQ planet in the Solar System
As Ishkur-Adad, the frontman Jehovah of the Exodus touched down on Mount Sinai in his sky vehicle, the sound of a siren (trumpet in the Bible) rent the air. We did elucidate at one point in time that this sky vehicle, typically translated as the “Glory of God” in the Bible, was actually KABOD in Hebrew. Zechariah Sitchin assists us in unpacking the term thus: “It will be helpful to trace the Akkadian and Sumerian roots from which the Hebrew term had derived.
While the Akkadian KABBUTTU meant ‘heavy, weighty,’ the similar-sounding KABDU (paralleling the Hebrew Kabod) meant ‘Wing-holder’ – something to which wings are attached, or perhaps into which wings can retract. And the Sumerian term KIBADDU meant ‘to soar to a faraway place’.” Clearly, the Glory of God was a flying craft. The prophet Ezekiel says the flying craft was enveloped in a cloud but it emitted a luminosity that shown through the cloud (EZEKIEL 10:4). When it was at full calibration, this luminosity had a harmful effect on those who came too close or simply touched the edge of a platform on which it rested. This was Adad’s way of both keeping humans at bay and embedding in them the sense of awe that “God dwells in unapproachable light”. The Israelites were excited as the siren wail was a signal that they should ascend the mountain and meet their god. Adad, however, had a rethink as the only people he called up the mountain were Moses and Aaron. Moses and Aaron were told to maintain order amongst their people: the boundaries they had set should be maintained at all costs lest the people suffer the effects of the flying craft’s illumination if they came within a certain radius. Adad now reckoned that there was no need for the entire crowd to ascend the mountain as addressing them through Moses would suffice. Moses and Aaron were accordingly briefed by Adad and Moses for one was electronically kitted out so that he and Adad would communicate wirelessly. He was also given a powerful loud speaker with which he would relay Adad’s instructions to the congregation. Note that Moses and Aaron did not deal with Adad directly: they did so through the god’s officials. Since the Enlilites now rotated as a solitary god of the Jews, they didn’t want to be identified as that would give away the game. They wanted the Israelites to embed the fallacy that they only had one god when in fact several gods took turns to interact with them although in the greater majority of cases this was Adad.
THE FIRST THREE COMMANDMENTS
Having climbed down to the base of the mountain, Moses set about proclaiming what Adad was relaying to him using what the Bible describes as a SHOFAR in the original Hebrew, meaning “sound amplifier”. Exactly what language Adad used to communicate with Moses is not stated. We may assume that he used Hebrew in that Aliens are very adept at expeditiously capturing a language.
A hint on this versatility is furnished by Dr Jamisson Neruda, a renegade whistleblower who worked for ACIO (Advance Contact Intelligence Organisation), a top-secret outfit that interfaces with ETs. Dr Neruda informs us that the Corteum, an ET race who originate from Sirius B, are capable of speaking “perfect English or French, Italian, Spanish, or most any other language for that matter. They’re very gifted linguists and can acquire average language skills in a matter of a few weeks, and operate as masters of the language within a few months. Their minds are like sponges …”
Speaking through Moses, the first thing Adad did was to spell out the now famous Ten Commandments. The Ten Commandments were nothing novel: they were very familiar. They were first adduced by Ningishzidda, also known as Thoth, Enki’s genius son. In his book, THE BOOK OF THE DEAD, which is acknowledged as the world’s first complete book, Zidda lists the entire Ten Commandments in a passage titled Spell Number 125.
In fact, in The Book of the Dead, the ten declarations are not presented as universal codes of conduct: they are confessions a pharaoh made upon his coronation. What is stated as “Thou Shall not kill” in the Bible” actually is “I have not killed” in The Book of the Dead, and “Thou shall not steal” is “I have not stolen” in The Book of the Dead … and so forth and so on.
Adad’s first three commandments decreed monotheism as the new religious orientation of the Jews (in Egypt they had worshipped several gods). The FIRST COMMANDMENT demanded that Israelites worship only one god, Adad (though unbeknownst to the Israelites, “god” was a clan – the family of Jehovah-Enlil) because it was he who freed them from Egyptian bondage (EXODUS 20:1-2). Worshipping other gods was strictly prohibited because Adad was a “jealous god” (EXODUS 20:6) who did not wish to share human adoration with other gods. Who were the “other gods”? That we glean from the second commandment.
The SECOND COMMANDMENT further qualified the first. The Israelites were banned from bowing to and therefore deifying “idols”. Like most biblical precepts, the term idols has been grossly misinterpreted by the Christian clergy. True, it means graven images – images carved in wood or sculpted in stone. BUT THAT DID NOT MEAN THESE IMAGES WERE AN END IN THEMSELVES: THEY WERE SIMPLY A SYMBOLIC REPRESENTATION OF THE REAL GOD (ANUNNAKI) WHO WAS REVERED OR WORSHIPPED BY A PEOPLE.
As we keep repeating, our ancestors did not worship fanciful gods like religious “stalwarts” (read: “fanatics”) of our day: they worshipped a god they had seen with their eyes or whose presence was demonstrable in one way or the other. Since gods very rarely directly interacted with humans, humans devised a way of invoking them in time of desperate need. This was in the form of graven images. For example, when Christians kneel down before a cross and utter prayers, they are not worshipping the cross as such: they are worshipping the spirit associated with the cross, that is, Jesus.
Adad’s emphasis in relation to the second commandment is instructive. He said no graven images were to be made whatsoever, “whether in the form of anything that is in heaven above, or that is on the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth” , EXODUS 20:4. This represents three categories of objects of worship – “other gods”. The heavenly or cosmic gods obviously comprised of Anu, the King of the Sirian-Orion Empire; Antu, the Queen of the Sirian-Orion Empire; and the heavenly bodies.
The latter were planets, constellations, the moon, and the sun basically. Remember, celestial bodies and constellations were symbolic of Anunnaki gods. For example, the sun was the celestial counterpart for Utu-Shamash. The moon was a symbol for Enki initially and Nannar-Sin latterly. As for constellations, Pisces represented Enki, Virgo represented Inanna-Ishtar, Taurus represented Enlil, Aries represented Marduk, etc. In the case of planets, Mars was associated with Marduk, Neptune with Enki, Venus with Ninmah at first and Inanna-Ishtar in due course, Earth with Enlil, etc.
As for Earthly gods, these were physical Anunnaki beings – the members of the ruling pantheon. Some of the Anunnaki gods had symbolic equivalents that took the form of animals. For example, Enki, Marduk, and Zidda were associated with the snake because their race evolved from the snake species. Enki was also associated with the goat because he once presided over the astrological Age of Capricorn, whose symbol is a goat. Ninmah was associated with the cow. Enlil was represented by a bull.
Coming to the matter of the sea, it is no secret that Enki was known as the god of the sea. He was thus represented by a fish or a dolphin. Marduk was represented by the crocodile, the equivalent of the enigmatic Mus-Hus, his official emblem, because to the Egyptians it was a sacred animal and pharaohs were anointed with crocodilian oil (messeh, the source of the term “messiah”) at their enthronement. THUS ADAD BANNED THE MAKING OF GRAVEN IMAGES BECAUSE HE DIDN’T WANT THE ISRAELITES TO DILUTE THEIR WORSHIP OF HIM WITH THAT OF ENKITE GODS.
Adad was aware that the Israelites were not fully converted to him. In fact, the greater majority of them hated him for his harshness and for demanding human sacrifice. As such, they were nostalgic of the gods they used to worship in Egypt, particularly Enkite gods and goddesses who were remarkably benevolent. It was therefore plausible that they could resort to making graven images of the likes of Enki and Zidda with a view to invoking these gods, in the process relegating Adad to the very fringes of their devotion. It was to forestall such an eventuality that Adad banned graven images and not that they were inherently evil.
In the THIRD COMMANDMENT, Israelites were warned to desist from bolstering up lies by using Adad’s name, either to somehow defend themselves or elicit a favour or advantage. This simply was misrepresenting the god’s name by way of an act of corruption. This commandment largely applied to the leadership – the kings, the prophets, and the priesthood – who, were the intermediaries between the Anunnaki god and the nation of Israel and were therefore expected to be aboveboard in all they said and did.
The Israelite leadership, however, read so much into the Third Commandment that THEY PROHIBITED THE VERY UTTERANCE OF THE NAME YAHWEH OR ELOHIM. Instead, Adad and his fellow Enlilte gods were mostly referred to as Adonai. This was Aten in Egyptian or Sumerian. Aten had several meanings depending on the context. In this context, however, it meant “The Transcendent One”.
You will recall that that was how Moses referred to the planet Nibiru when he introduced the Cult of the Aten as Pharaoh Akhenaten. In future, Adonai would mainly apply to Nannar-Sin, who was the seniormost Enlilite of his generation. But Initially, Adonai was a general name for whichever god was directly interacting with the Israelites, who primarily was Adad.
ADAD HONOURS HIS GOD LUCIFER!
The FOURTH COMMANDMENT was the Sabbath commandment. The Jews were to observe the seventh day in a very special way by abstaining from all kind of work. This applied to slaves, maids, and visitors. Even animals were not to be put to work on this special day. Note that Adad did not say that he was to be worshipped on the Sabbath day. All he said was that the day had to be kept holy, meaning it was to be dedicated to good and godly acts (as if he himself had any virtue in him).
The idea thus of conducting worship services on the seventh day was the Jews’ own interpretation of the Adad ordinance. A god could be worshipped on any day of the week, but the Sabbath was set aside as a dedicated worship day simply because all kind of work was prohibited, which enabled people to focus on invoking, exalting, and honouring their god.
Why was the Sabbath declared a holy day? Adad did provide a reason for that. He said it was the day on which he rested after he created the world. All this was pure brainwash: neither Adad nor any of his fellow Anunnaki created the world. The Anunnaki were creatures like you and I are and were born just like you and I were. Therefore, the reason Adad advanced for hallowing the seventh day reeked of absolute falsity. What then was the real reason for consecrating the Sabbath?
Well, Adad dedicated the Sabbath to the real creator of this world and whom he dutifully served, such as through the mass sacrifice of children he demanded from the Israelites. This god of Adad was known as Lucifer. Of course in so reverencing Lucifer, Adad had to use tact. He had to use symbology. THIS SYMBOLOGY TOOK THE FORM OF THE PLANET SATURN, WHICH IS ACTUALLY THE PLANET OF SATAN, AS SATURDAY ACTUALLY MEANS SATURN’S DAY!
HOW THE WORLD GLORIFIES SATURN
In Hebrew, Sabbath is SHABBAT. Shabbat derives from SHABTAI, which is planet Saturn in the same Hebrew. The Sabbath was therefore dedicated to Saturn. Now, Saturn is the most sinister of all the planets in the Solar System. It is the headquarters of Reptilian or demonic elements in our planetary system. It is not called Saturn by happenstance: it is deliberate. The name Saturn derives from SATU. Satu (SETEN in Sumerian, SET or SATAN in English, SHAITAN in Arabic, SETH in Hebrew) is a byword for prime evil. That’s why the Devil, or Lucifer, is also referred to as Satan.
The first Satu was Marduk’s grandson Set. Set ’s name became synonymous with evil when he seized Canaan, which was then under the control of the Enlilites, after pretending to have switched loyalties from the Enkites to the Enlilites. This was circa 8970 BC. From that point onwards, Seten, meaning “Truth Lord”, took on a new meaning – Satan the Devil. So when the ancients gave the name Saturn to the seventh major celestial body in the Solar System counting from the sun, they knew what they were talking about.
Saturn is said to be the second largest planet after Jupiter but that is not exactly true. Saturn is the largest planet by volume of space occupied because of its enormous rings which reaches far and wide, extending up to 120,000 km from Saturn’s equator. The ancients were very much aware of this fact. The Sumerians, for instance, called it ANSHAR, meaning “Foremost of Heaven”, whereas Jupiter was called KINSHAR, meaning “Foremost of Firm Lands”.
In his writings, the great Greek philosopher Seneca says the astronomers known as Epigenes “estimate that the planet Saturn exerts the greatest influence upon all the movements of celestial bodies”. Writing either in the second or third century, the Roman historian Tacitus also said Saturn had the largest influence on human life. Saturn’s overarching influence on Earthly affairs is evidenced by the omnipresence of Saturn symbolism all around us.
This includes cube structures, such as the KAABA in Mecca, around which pilgrims move about like the rings that surround Saturn; the two black cubes at Ground Zero in New York, the scene of the infamous 911; and others in California, Germany, Denmark, Australia, and even the United Nations building. The most familiar Saturn symbols are seen in the form of corporate logos, such as Toyota, Boeing, Microsoft’s Internet Explorer browser, and Google search engine.
One of the Saturn symbols that stare us in the face all-day-long is that of the Hexagon (six-pointed star). Very few people are aware that this denotes Saturn, which has a perennial hexagon storm that dominates its north pole. The cube is actually a hexagon compacted into a three-dimensional shape. Individuals who represent certain eminent institutions also flaunt Saturn like a badge. The Pope, for instance, is in the habit of wearing a broad-brimmed capello hat, which denotes homage to Saturn.
Many a time, Pope Benedict was photographed wearing a mitre with a six pointed star, a hexagon, emblazoned on it – a clear-cut reverencing of Satan and his Solar System bastion, Saturn. And when people graduate from varsity, what do they sport on their heads? A mortarboard – a flat square cap. Little do they know that the square hat is a bow to Saturn, including the black robe they turn out in. Black is the colour of Saturn, which in antiquity was known as the Black Sun. That’s why you have judges wearing black robes and people wearing black at funerals: it is all salutation to Saturn.
AND PRACTICALLY EVERY MARRIED MAN OR WOMAN IS A UNWITTING WORSHIPPER OF THE PLANET SATURN AND THEREFORE SATAN. Saturn is known as the Lord of the Rings. The ring that adorns a married couple’s fingers is the archetypal symbol of Saturn. No wonder many marriages end in divorce because they are sealed by some trinket that glorifies the Devil.
SATURN AS THE MAN-EATING KRONOS
In the so-called Greek mythology (which actually constitute dramatised accounts of real historical happenings), the god Saturn was also known as KRONOS. In his Kronos guise, Saturn was the god of time, the reason we have such words as chronometer (a timepiece) and chronology (a time sequence). In medieval paintings, Kronos was depicted in several forms (since uniformity would have been too obvious to the masses). In one vein, he was shown as the Grim Reaper – the skeletal angel of death – wielding a scythe.
In another vein, he was shown as an old man with a white beard riding a cloud. Today, during every festive season, Kronos shows up with great pomp and circumstance in the guise of Santa Claus, the so-called Father Christmas, lovingly holding a baby. That by no means symbolises patriarchal love for children: it is a metaphor for the Devil’s appetite for the blood of children. When we see Father Christmas cuddling an infant, it is actually Satan salivating over his favourite meal.
In Greek mythology, Kronos ate his own children. That’s why human sacrifice, particularly of pre-pubesecent children, was such a common feature in antiquity. When the Old Testament gods, such as Adad, demanded human sacrifice, it was to feed the insatiable appetite of their god Lucifer. In the Bible, all guises of Saturn/Satan are presented. He’s the Angel of Death who killed the Israelites’ firstborns in Egypt. He’s the Molech to whom Canaanite children were sacrificed in a bonfire. Molech, as we have already underscored, was Ninurta, Enlil-Jehovah’s firstborn son. Which planet did the Sumerians associate Ninurta with? Saturn!
It is said the Devil hides in plain sight. The truth of the matter is that he doesn’t even pretend to hide at all in our day and age. Those who dutifully and devoutly serve him, the Illuminati, keep thrusting him right in our faces day in and day out. In the Matrix movie trilogy, for example, confirmation is made of a point we have been trying to put across all along – that this universe is Lucifer’s creation. The Matrix is another reference to this Internet-like, counterfeit universe. In the Matrix trilogy, the creator of the Matrix is revealed as an old bearded man – the Ancient of Days. His title in the movie is actually the “Architect”. It’s no coincidence that Freemasons refer to their ultimate master as the Grand Architect of the Universe, aka Lucifer.
Princess Mary falls pregnant only one month after her betrothal to Prince Joseph
To put the lineage of Mary the mother of Jesus in context, General Atiku, it is in order that we begin with her grandfather Yehoshua (Jesus in Greek) III.
Mary was offspring of two royal lines, the Davidic line and the Hasmonean line. Yehoshua III was the Herod–appointed High Priest of Israel between 36 and 23 BC. He had no sons, only three daughters namely Joanna, Elizabeth, and Anna, all of whom he organised dynastic suitors.
Elizabeth would be married off into the House of Aaron, the legitimate priestly line, and Joanna and Anna would be married off into the House of David, the legitimate kingly line. That’s how Elizabeth became the wife of Zechariah of the tribe of Levi and in due course the mother of John the Baptist.
Mainstream Israel up to the level of the Sanhedrin had recognised Anna as the eligible mother of the future King of Israel and not the sitting impostor Herod (it is not clear what happened to first-born Joanna but she probably passed away before she got married). Anna was accordingly married off to Alexander III, a Davidic and Hasmonean prince who was best known as Heli as indeed the genealogy of Luke clearly attests.
Heli and Anna too had no sons. They only had daughters, the firstborn of whom was Dorcas, whose was born in 26 BC and whose titular name was Mary. Mary was orphaned early in her childhood when her father Heli was killed in 17 BC at the orders of the increasingly paranoid Herod and when her mother Anna died a year or so later.
Since she was a dynastic heiress, it was likely that Herod would come after her. The Essenes thus secreted her somewhere in remote Galilee. It was actually in Galilee that most members of the Davidic royal line were concentrated not only to keep as far away from Herod as possible but to also enjoy the protective custody of the Zealots, who were the secret military wing of the Essenes and a thorn in the side of both Herod and the Romans. Joseph was also officially based in Galilee although both he and Mary were in truth based at Qumran in the Judean wilds.
JOSEPH CALLED TO “DUTY”
Dynastic marriages are often more politically strategic than spontaneous, General. For example, the union of Prince Charles and Princess Diana was motivated by the need to fuse the Windsor genes with those of the Stuarts as the Windsors, being predominantly Reptilians, were finding it increasingly difficult to maintain their human form.
The Stuarts, the clan of Diana, had by far more human genes than Reptilian and they too were an aristocratic family. That’s why once Charles had produced a “heir and a spare”, he completely sidelined Diana, who he had never loved, and devoted himself to his real love – Camilla Parker-Bowles.
The marriage of Joseph to Mary, General, was equally strategic. Although both were from the tribe of Judah and of the royal Davidic line, they were from different branches. Joseph was a descendant of Solomon, whereas Mary was a descendant of Nathan, Solomon’s elder brother. The line of Solomon, as we once underlined, had been tainted by the Jeconiah curse.
The line of Nathan was clean. Since the son of Joseph and Mary would be the future King of Israel, it was important that he not be compromised by the baggage, rightly or wrongly, of the Jeconiah curse. Hence the desirability of the union of Prince Joseph and Princess Mary.
Now, both Joseph and Mary’s clans were Essenes. As such, their marriage process, formalities, and protocols had to strictly adhere to Essene dynastic rules. The Essenes were in ranks. Amongst the higher echelons were the two great dynasties, the Davids and the Zadoks, who had been the high priests and kings of Israel respectively before the destruction of the Temple by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BC.
The Davids and Zadoks lived a strictly holy life, typically in a monastery at Qumran, the reclusive headquarters of the Essenes. They were sequestered there so that they did not fall prey to the machinations of the bloodthirsty King Herod though officially their address was Galilee. In fact, the major reason the Essene movement had come into existence was to preserve and safeguard the Davidic and Zadokite lines, the religio-politico haunt of Herod and the Hasmoneans initially.
According to the Essene code, General, the Zadoks and the Davids were not to engage in sex for recreational purposes because it was regarded as defiling: it diluted holiness. The only times they were supposed to do so was when need arose to produce heirs. In 8 BC, it was now opportune for Joseph, the David, to produce a heir and so he was excused from a life of chastity.
At this point in time in fact, the Essenes were focused on two dynastic figures. These were Joseph and Zechariah. The two were expected to produce the Messiah of David and the Messiah of Aaron, that is, the future King of Israel and the future High Priest of Israel.
According to Essene rules, the David had to marry at age 36, so that by the time he was 40, he had already sired a heir. The new heir had to be born when the David was 37. If the child was a daughter, she could not inherit, and so the David had to set about the procreation of a second-born, who hopefully would be a boy (copulation to that end was allowed only when the daughter was 3 years old).
The Davidic heir had to be born not in any other month but in September, the holiest in the Jewish calendar. In order to conform to these parameters, a betrothal ceremony was held at the beginning of June. During the betrothal period – the three months from beginning of June to end of August – sexual relations were not permitted.
Then at the beginning of September, a First Marriage was held. This was the beginning of the marriage proper as now the couple were allowed to become intimate. However, the intimacy began only in December, with a view to delivering a heir in September the following year. At the end of March, the Second Marriage was held for it was hoped that by that time the spouse was three months pregnant if there hadn’t been a miscarriage. With the Second Marriage, the wedlock was permanent: divorce was never allowed whatsoever.
Meanwhile, General, if the spouse hadn’t conceived in December, sexual relations were suspended till December the following year. The husband would then leave her spouse and return either to the monastery at Qumran or embark on a tour of duty elsewhere in furtherance of the Essene cause.
A BINDING ENGAGEMENT
According to the Dead Sea Scrolls, General, the Essenes were not only a spiritual, revolutionary, and philosophical movement. They were also ardent believers in astrology. They meticulously studied the stars and the movements of planets to read what they portended about the future.
Thus the reason a Davidic heir had to be born in September was not only because this was the holiest month of the year: it was also in recognition of the fact that September was ruled by the constellation Virgo. In other words, September was astrologically the month of the virgin. That was what Mary was.
Mary was both a virgin physically and a virgin titularly. A bride of the future king was required to be a virgin. As an Essene, Mary belonged to the Order (not the tribe) of Dan. This was the Order of Nuns, or virgins, both legal and physical virgins. Thus in the Order of Dan, a woman was not a virgin only before she slept with a man: she was a virgin until she was six months pregnant. In the case of a dynastic spouse like Mary, this was up to end of June. From then henceforth, she was promoted within the Order to the first stage of a Mother.
Joseph’s betrothal to Mary took place at Qumran in June 8 BC. Now, in our day, betrothal simply means engagement to be married. In ancient Israel up to New Testament times, betrothal was part and parcel of the marriage contract. It was definite and binding upon both groom and bride, who were considered as man and wife in all legal and religious aspects, except that sexual relations were not permitted.
For example, in 2 SAMUEL 3:14, King David refers to his betrothed woman as “my wife”. Also in DEUTERONOMY 22:24, a betrothed woman is referred to as “his neighbour’s wife”. In the betrothal formalities, dowry and bride price were included. If a bride and groom for one reason or the other wanted to opt out of the betrothal after the betrothal ceremony, they had to seek a formal divorce.
Since the betrothal took place in June, General, Joseph and Mary were not supposed to make love till December, that is, six months after the betrothal ceremony and three months after the First Marriage ceremony in September. Just one month after the betrothal ceremony (that is, at the beginning of July 8 BC), however, Mary became pregnant. Was it Joseph, General? Was it rape by a Roman soldier called Panthera as some contemporary records suggest? Or was it simply the supernatural act of the “Holy Spirit” as Christendom holds?
THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS
Those who hold that the circumstances of Mary’s pregnancy were supernatural, General, can be excused. This is because the language employed therein smacks of ethereality – Holy Spirit, Angel Gabriel, Son of the Most High, etc. To those who have read and rigorously studied the Dead Sea Scrolls, however, such terminology is well within the temporal context.
That is to say, it does not carry spiritual connotations as such. True, the idea of an angel speaking to Joseph and Mary in their sleep may seem supernatural but the dreams are theological interpolations, inserted into the gospels in onward editing to fit a contrived agenda – what Karl Marx called the opium of the masses.
The Dead Sea Scrolls are so named because they were discovered in caves around the Qumran plateau of the West Bank (about 40 km east of Jerusalem), at the northwest corner of the Dead Sea, in March 1947. The discoverer was a Bedouin shepherd kid who was looking for a lost goat. The scrolls were found hidden in jars.
The 1947 find was the initial discovery: more discoveries were made after further excavations on the same site spanning 11 years in a series of 11 caves. Altogether, 972 texts were turned up. They are written in four languages, namely Hebrew (the majority), Aramaic, Greek, and Nabatean, mostly on parchment. Other texts were inscribed on papyrus and bronze.
Most of the Dead Sea Scrolls are fragments. Fragments of all the Old Testament books have been found save for the book of Esther. The only complete book is Isaiah. There are also apocryphal books (those arbitrarily excluded from the Old Testament canon by the Constantine-convened Nicene Council of AD 325) such as the Book of Enoch and the Book of Jubilees, and sect-specific writings that embody rules and beliefs of the people who compiled them.
The latter include commentaries on the Old Testament, paraphrases that expand on the Law of Moses, rule books of the community, war conduct, thanksgiving psalms, hymnic compositions, benedictions, liturgical texts, and sapiential (wisdom) writing. These texts have been given appropriate titles such as the War Scroll; Manual of Discipline; the Community Rule; the Temple Scroll; the Copper Scroll; etc.
The Dead Sea Scrolls were written/preserved by the Essenes between 168 BC and 68 AD. We know this because Pliny, the first century Roman historian, wrote that, “On the west coast of Lake Asphaltitis (the Dead Sea) are settled the Essenes, at some distance from the noisome odours that are experienced on the shore itself.
They are a lonely people, the most extraordinary in the world, who live without women, without love, without money, with the palm trees for their only companions.” The Essenes stashed away the scrolls sometime in 70 AD, when Roman General Flavius Titus overran Jerusalem and laid waste to the Temple following a catastrophic Jewish uprising – led by the Zealots, the military wing of the Essenes – that began in 66 BC.
This they did in heed of JEREMIAH 32:14, which says, “Thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel; Take these evidences … and put them in an earthen vessel, that they may continue many days.” The Dead Sea Scrolls have given us invaluable insight into the beliefs, customs, rituals, politics, philosophies, and traditions of first century Palestine.
The rivalry between luxury German automotive marques Mercedes-Benz and BMW is legendary. Both brands offer high-end, high-priced desirable models, always at the forefront of cutting-edge driving technology and excellence. And in the annals of the advertising world, a campaign between the two rivals is equally legendary and it happened on our own doorstep.
Many of you will be familiar with the coastal road out of Cape Town called Chapman’s Peak. It is a beautiful, sightseeing attraction, the road winding through spectacular coastal-mountain scenery, with cliffs sinking into the Atlantic ocean on one side, and steep mountains towering over the road on the other. However, the road is also notoriously dangerous, with its 114 sharp, meandering bends . It’s reputation is well-deserved . Several years ago, when a major coastal cleanup campaign was launched, a helicopter pulled a total of 22 wrecked cars out of the water adjacent to Chapman’s Peak and it was one such accident which prefaced the notorious marketing battle. The story is thus:
In 1988 an Irish businessman lost control of his Mercedes Benz when driving along this road, plunging 100 metres down the cliff. Miraculously, he not only survived the accident, but crawled out of the wreckage with hardly a scratch on his body.
When Mercedes heard the details, the marketing department decided to base a new advertisement on the story to promote the safety features and stability of the brand. In the video ad they intentionally drove an identical model off the road in the exact same location, having it plunge off the edge of the cliff, the driver stepping out similarly unscathed, proving the phenomenal survivability and strength of Mercedes Benz.
When the marketing suits at BMW saw this ad, they took a bold and ingenious decision to mimic it but with a twist. Only a week later, whilst the first ad was still fresh in the public’s minds, they shot their ad showing a BMW driving along the exact same stretch of road in the rain. However, when it reached the point at which the Mercedes plunged off the cliff, the BMW negotiated it safely, and continued driving along the road.
The catchphrase of the ad was “BMW beats the bends” . Or was it? It was cunningly recorded so that it could equally have been ‘beats the Benz’, implying that their cars had superior cornering and stability to their rival, Even more sneakily, they launched their campaign on a Saturday, mindful of the rules on competitive advertising in South Africa, safe in the knowledge that no objectionable actions could be taken till the new working week.
Mercedes-Benz wasted no time on Monday in issuing an injunction, the ad was swiftly pulled but the damage was done and the dog had had its day. The ad campaign ranks high in the history of advertising and can still be found online to this day. Meanwhile the rivalry between the two automotive greats goes on.
I reference this piece of marketing history in the light of this week’s horror crash by golfing great, Tiger Woods. Driving from a luxury holiday resort in California to a nearby country club Tiger Woods lost control of his vehicle on a downhill stretch of the road, smashed through a road sign, crossed over the central reservation and rolled his car several hundred feet. He had to be cut out and pulled to safety through the windscreen and the vehicle was so badly damaged, the attending police officers said he was ‘lucky to survive’.
The vehicle Woods was driving was a rented Genesis GV80 SUV. If you are unfamiliar with the brand that is not surprising since it is a relatively new spin-off from the South Korean Hyundai marque. The Genesis utility vehicle, not available locally yet, retails for around $50,000 or half a million pula, placing it in the higher end of town and country SUVs in the USA.
The model has certainly been widely publicised in the media coverage of the high-profile sportsman’s accident and I suspect that if asked to comment, Hyundai/Genesis would disagree with the police assessment, putting Woods’ survival down to build quality and in-built safety features such as crumple zones, anti-roll bars and airbags, which were deployed in the crash and would most certainly have played their part cushioning the effects of the rolling and ultimate impact. There is , of course, no suggestion that the manufacturers will capitalise on Woods’ survival but certainly it will have done the brand no harm that he did indeed emerge with recoverable injuries.
Comparing the two accidents, the driver of the Mercedes driving along Chapman’s Peak was, of course, an ordinary member of the public whilst Tiger Woods is a household name. That said, in humanitarian terms each tale of survival carries equal weight but the fact remains that the former was just another local story of yet one more victim of a notoriously tricky stretch of road whilst the latter went round the world in an instant because of the fame and name of the driver.
There is also no evidence that that stretch of Californian urban highway carried any inherent risk. His appears to have been just a loss of control and a freak accident. However, in the event that Hyundai/Genesis should consider making capital from that accident, a note of caution needs to be sounded.
In the advertising world, the use of celebrities to promote a product is a fall-back stance to sell anything from washing-up liquid to whisky but statistics have shown that it can be a double-edged sword in that yes, the ads are memorable and the public love them when the celeb is popular and personable. But…..what is often remembered is the name of the famous promoter, not the name of the product. In other words, they sell themselves far better than they sell the item.
In golfing terminology Hyundai/Genesis are not ‘out of the Woods’ yet and maybe they should go with a completely different Driver!
How Jesus’s grandfather sold his birthright to megalomaniac Herod
If you were to ask a Christian to name the main Jewish sects, General Atiku, he would no doubt begin with the Pharisees (because Jesus had innumerable slanging matches with them according to the gospels), followed by the Sadducees. Yet there was a third, equally momentous sect – the Essenes.
Although there’s not a single, one mention of the Essenes in the Bible, General, the New Testament is filled with Essene-type language as anybody who has read the Dead Sea Scrolls would readily recognise.
In point of fact, it was the Essenes who produced Jesus as well as the infamous Jewish band of freedom fighters known as the Zealots. Furthermore, almost all the New Testament writers were either Essenes or champions of the Essene cause as is apparent in their language and the drift of their overall philosophy. The Essenes have a palpable presence in the Bible, albeit a cloaked one.
The Essenes, General, were the most popular, the most esteemed, and the most influential of the Jewish sects. The Jewish historian Philo (20 BC-50 AD) devotes 90 percent of his description of the Jewish sects to the Essenes. He wrote that the Essenes “dwell in many cities of Judea and in many villages and in great societies of many numbers”.
Hyppolytus of Rome (170-236 AD) devoted nine-and-half chapters to the Essenes and only one to the Sadducees. The Essenes are the authors of the famous Dead Sea Scrolls, which were discovered in 1947 in Israel at a place called Qumran and which have given us even greater insight into the happenings in the first century than the Bible itself.
How did the Essene movement come about, General? The Essenes, meaning “puritans of the faith”, were the Jewish sect that was the most loyal to the Davidic dynasty. They set themselves apart from the mainstream Jewish community circa 175 BC and established their headquarters at Qumran, about 40 km from Jerusalem.
Since the Jewish nation revered the Davidic royal line, the only legitimate and rightful rulers of Judah in their view, they rallied to the Essenes en masse. And because the Essenes were disparaging of the Hasmonean rule (140 BC to 63 BC), the mainstream Jews also took a dismissive view of Hasmonean rule too.
The Essenes were so highly regarded because of their virtue and spirituality. The legendary Jewish historian Flavius Josephus (37-100 AD) writes thus of them: “They are more mutually affectionate than the others (Pharisees and Sadducees). Whereas these men shun the pleasures as vice, they consider self-control and not succumbing to the passions virtue … Since [they are] despisers of wealth – their communal stock is astonishing – one cannot find a person among them who has more in terms of possessions.
For by a law, those coming into the school (that is, the Essene fold) must yield up their funds to the order, with the result that in all [their ranks] neither the humiliation of poverty nor the superiority of wealth is detectable, but the assets of each one have been mixed in together, as if they were brothers, to create one fund for all.”
In time, the Essenes, General, became quite influential even with occupying powers. For instance, when the Greek General Pompey installed Hyrcanus II as ruler of Palestine in 63 BC, he sought the opinion of the Essenes. The Essenes recommended that Hyrcanus go by the titles High Priest and Prince, not King, to which Pompey paid heed. In 142 BC, when Simon was installed by the Seleucids as ruler of Palestine, the Essenes had insisted on the same titular style. To the Essenes, everybody who occupied Israel’s seat of authority was simply holding fort for the real deal – the Davidic King.
In 37 BC, when Herod became King of Palestine, the potential Davidic King was Jacob-Eliakim – the father of the Joseph of the gospels – who was an Essene himself. It was in order to win the blessings of the historically popular Jewish royal family that Herod sought to curry favour with the Essenes.
JACOB’S PACT WITH HEROD
About the time Herod came to power, General, there were three citizens of considerable stature in Palestine – Hillel, Menahem, and Jacob-Eliakim, the grandfather of Jesus. Hillel is by all accounts ancient Israel’s greatest teacher and scholar.
He was the foremost spiritual sage in the development of the Talmud and the Mishnah, the most authoritative religious references of the Jews which are second only to the Old Testament in esteem. The renowned “Golden Rule”, which is invariably attributed to Jesus, was actually coined by Hillel. It is not certain whether Hillel was an Essene but his teachings did have a profound influence both on Essene philosophy and that of Jesus, who was an Essene too.
It was Menahem, however, who was an incontrovertible Essene. The Essenes were of two main branches, General. First, there were the puritans, the Palestinian Essenes. Then there were the liberals, the Diaspora Essenes, who sneered at the Palestinian Essenes’ dogmatism and rather strict views on morality. Menahem was the leader of the Diaspora Essenes.
He was also privilleged to be advisor to King Herod. Herod did hold Menahem in very high regard. Josephus relates that when Herod was a school-going lad, Menahem had patted him on his back and said to him, “one day you will be King young man.” Since the prophecy came to pass, Herod had a certain, atypical respect both for Menahem and the order of Essenes.
Jacob-Eliakim’s significance was by virtue of his pedigree. He was of the royal line of David and was therefore the uncrowned King of the Jews. Now, as we have already indicated, Herod had his own grand designs about rulership of the world notwithstanding the fact that he was in reality a vassal of Rome.
When he made overtures to the trio, they didn’t mince words: they told him that in the new Israel, the Israel that would rule Earth once the Romans had been toppled from the pedestal of world power, it was a Davidic King who would reign. Herod took very strong exception to such a prospect. Herod was neither a full-blooded Jew nor of Davidic stock but he was royalty in his own right.
His father, Antipater, had been the governor of Idumea and in due course Judea in the Hasmonean government and was in fact the real ruler of the entire Palestine, with John Hyrcanus being a mere figurehead king. When he (Herod) was only 25 years old, his father had appointed him governor of Galilee. Herod thus had strutted the corridors of power from the day he was born and he wasn’t going to give that up easily either for his own sake or that of his descendants.
As such, General, Herod maintained to the trio that in the new, overarching Kingdom of Israel, he was going to be the emperor and would be based in Jerusalem. Just like the Greek empire of Alexander had been a triarchy (a kingdom divided into three governments), the global Kingdom of Israel (“Thy Kingdom Come” in the Lord’s Prayer) was going to be likewise.
There was going to be a ruler in the east, a ruler in the west, and a ruler in the centre, that is Jerusalem, under the oversight of Herod himself. Hillel would rule in Jerusalem; Menahem in the east; and Jacob-Eliakim in the west. If these three happened to have disappeared from the Earthly scene by the time the Kingdom of Israel came into being, their descendants would observe the same setup.
The pecking order would thus be like this: Herod as the emperor; Hillel as the senior king; Menahem as the second-ranked king; and Jacob-Eliakim as the junior king. Put differently, Herod had by the stroke of a pen reduced the Davidic dynasty from foremost to least important as it posed the most serious threat to his office. Meanwhile, the three kings-in-waiting would go by the names of the Old Testament patriarchs.
Hillel would henceforth be called the Abraham, or the Father (or Papa, which later morphed into Pope), since Abraham was the Father of the Jewish nation; Menahem would be called the Isaac (Abraham’s son); and Eliakim the Jacob (Isaac’s son). Half a loaf was better than nothing at all and so Jacob-Eliakim meekly accepted this arrangement.
When Jesus later said, “Many will come from east and west and sit at table with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in the new Kingdom of Heaven (MATTHEW 8:11),” he did not mean an afterlife kingdom: he referred to the Earthly setup proposed by King Herod.
FALLOUT WITH ESSENES
Those days, General, the Davidic heir used the title “Jacob” rather than “David” as the latter title was very risky, particularly under the Hasmonean government. Given that Joseph was the most beloved son of the Old Testament Jacob, the next in line, that is, the firstborn son of the Jacob, used the title “Joseph”.
In September 44 BC, a son was born to Jacob-Eliakim. As the crown prince to the Jacob, he was given the titular name Joseph, the name by which he became best-known. Like his father Jacob-Eliakim, Joseph was a missionary. But he also had a trade. He was a carpenter, a boat builder primarily, and a master of his craft. The word translated “carpenter” in the Bible is the ancient Greek word “ho hekton” which means a master artisan or craftsman.
In 31 BC, Qumran, the Essenes’ Judean wilderness bastion, was struck by an earthquake. The hermitic Essenes had no choice but to trek back to Jerusalem, from where they operated indefinitely at a place they called the Essene Gate. Then in 23 BC, Herod struck again. He had Jacob-Eliakim killed on trumped-up charges of sedition, his motive simply being a continuation of a systematic purge of the Davidic “pretenders” to his throne.
The Essenes were wroth. They now set about promulgating to the Diaspora Essenes that Herod would have no part to play in the coming Kingdom. Instead, the overall King would be Joseph, the son of Jacob-Eliakim. This, General, was the beginning of a permanent rift between Herod and the Essene sect.
THE SAGA OF JOSEPH
The prospective global world, General, was subdivided into ten provinces to facilitate governance and tax collection. Palestine would have two provinces, Judea and Samaria, the latter of which would include Galilee. Asia Minor (largely present-day Turkey), where the bulk of Diaspora Jews were concentrated, would have five provinces.
The last three provinces would be Babylon, Rome, and Alexandria in Egypt. The future capital of the West was not Rome: it was Ephesus in Asia Minor. Having been allocated the West, it was in Ephesus and Alexandria that Jacob-Eliakim spent most of his time evangelizing to fellow Jews about the future Kingdom of Israel. This was the beginning of the New Covenant, whereby Jews who converted to the ideal of a new Kingdom of Israel were baptised by immersion in water.
To mainstream Palestinian Jews, General, Jacob-Eliakim was a sellout. Herod had demoted his pedigree but to somewhat placate him, he gave him the honorary title of Patriarch or Prince of Jerusalem. By subordinating the Davidic throne-in-waiting to Herod, Jacob-Eliakim had gone against what the nation of Israel’s God, Enlil, the Bible’s main Jehovah, decreed – that every King of Judah had to be a descendant of David. So when the unpredictable Herod had him killed in 23 BC for “sedition”, as part of a pogrom against the line of David, there was very little sympathy for him.
In 44 BC, Joseph had been born to Jacob-Eliakim. Joseph was a title: it was not his real name. At the death of his father, Joseph became the Jacob. However, he preferred the title “David”, the more apt one historically. Joseph would become the father of Jesus. When Joseph attained 30 years of age in 14 BC, his uncles and the Essene sages sent him to Rome and Alexandria to do his part in missionary work, which was simply about promulgating to the Diaspora Jews the future Kingdom of Israel in which a Son of David, that is a descendant of King David, would rule. Egypt was also a special place because Joseph’s maternal relations were Egyptians.
Jacob-Eliakim, General, had two wives. The one was called Euchariah, a Jewish princess, of whom very little is known, and the other, the dynastic wife, was an Egyptian princess, a daughter of Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Julius Caesar. Jacob-Eliakim and this princess had three sons: they were Joseph, the father of Jesus, and the twins Cleopas (after whom James, Jesus’ immediate younger brother, whose given name was Cleopas, was named) and Ptolas. Joseph was thus the Davidian Prince of Israel as well as contender to Crown Prince of Egypt. Despite pretences to the contrary on the part of the Jews, Egypt and Israel have always had ties of monarchical kinship.
In 8 BC, General, Joseph was required by Essene custom to return home and fulfill his obligations for a dynastic marriage. A wife-to-be had already been chosen for him by his uncles and other patriarchal Essenes. This was Dorcas, better known today by her title name Mary.