Ishkur-Adad guides nation of Israeli through the Sinai wilds using a Flying Saucer
If you were to go solely by the Pentateuch story, you would come up with the impression that when Ramesses released the Hykso-Hebrews, it was without strings attached. It was like he was saying, “I have had enough of the pestilences visited upon my people by your God. Off you go!” That, sadly, is too simplistic a view. The fact of the matter was that there were several preconditions by which Moses had to abide to secure his peoples’ freedom. First, Moses and his people would head southwards and not northward.
As we underscored in previous write-ups, Ramesses feared that if Moses opted for a northern direction, he would end up in Harran, where the Hykso-Hebrews of that place would be reinforced by the freed Hykso-Hebrews of Egypt, thereby posing a potentially huge threat to the Egyptians. Of particular significance in the terms of the departure was that Moses had to unequivocally recognise the sovereignty of Egypt over the Sinai Peninsula.
As such, he and his people were not to inhabit any inch of the Sinai for an unduly length of time en route to Canaan. They were to expressly head for Midian proper, that is, Arabia. And in order to see to it that that did indeed happen, Ramesses was to set up an observation post, a watchtower, atop a rock at a place known as Migdol with immediate effect. Located at the intersection of the Red Sea, the Gulf of Suez and, the Gulf of Aqaba – three bodies of water that part-surrounded the Sinai Peninsula – Migdol had an elevation of about half a kilometre and commanded a view of about 30 miles each way.
What that meant was that Moses would not return to Serabit El-Khadim in the Sinai Peninsula, where he had hitherto been based as Egypt now had fully enforced its rights to the area, which dated back to circa 2000 BC. He would be shepherding his people straight to Arabia, where his jurisdiction as King on behalf of Jethro was now officially recognised. IT IS IMPORTANT THAT READERS TAKE SPECIAL NOTE OF THIS DEVELOPMENT, FOR HISTORIANS HAVE WRONGLY PLACED THE NATION OF ISRAEL’S WILDERNESS WINDERINGS IN THE SINAI PENINSULA WHEN IT WAS ACTUALLY IN ARABIA, which today encompasses Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and Qatar.
Many a people are not aware that the Mount Sinai of the Sinai Peninsula was identified, or rather mis-dentified, as the scene of the wilderness of the Exodus not by way of research but on the whim, purely, of Queen Helena, the mother of Constantine the Great. Helena did this in AD 315, on the basis of a dream rather than objective inquiry. The Mount Sinai of the Exodus was actually Mount Jabal-Al Lawz, which was located in Aabia, a view we find persuasive in light of our own research.
Even as relatively recently as the first century AD, the apostle Paul was very much aware of this fact: in GALATIANS 4:5, he points out that Mount Sinai was in Arabia. In the first century, when Paul was doing his writings, the Sinai Peninsula still was separate from Arabia: it belonged to Egypt until 106 AD when the Roman Emperor Trajan annexed it and appended it to Arabia, which he had seized in 105 AD.
As I keep harping upon time and again, when a lie has been repeated for donkeys’ years, it assumes the status of fact simply because human beings are not that keen to interrogate bandied-about, foregone-conclusion “facts” that are in the mainstream. Thus every pastor will preach to you that the Ten Commandments were given at Mount Sinai in the Sinai Peninsula when in truth they were given at the Mountain of the Elohim in Arabia. But we’re getting ahead of our story.
OF ISRAELITES AND FLAT BREAD
Since the bulk of the Hykso-Hebrews who departed Egypt for Arabia were the descendants of Jacob, they called themselves Israelites. The name Israelites had two connotations. First, it evoked the patriarchal name of Jacob, who was given the name Israel by Nannar-Sin, Enlil-Jehovah’s second-born son. Second, it was a reminder that the Jews once had an own state in northern Egypt, called I-SIRA-EL, meaning ‘El’s Shield”.
El was how Nannar-Sin was referred to in Canaan, where he was the leading god. Northern Egypt, when it was ruled by the Hykso-Hebrews, served as a buffer that prevented southern Egyptians from directly accessing the strategic Sinai Peninsula, which housed the Anunnaki spaceport till the year 2024 BC when it was nuclear-bombed by Ninurta, Enlil-Jehovah’s firstborn son. Thus northern Egypt was Nannar-Sin’s shield against southern Egypt’s encroachment of the Sinai Peninsula. Of course at the time of the Exodus, circa 1333 BC, there was no I-Sira-El (Hykso-ruled northern Egypt) and the Sinai Peninsula was under Egyptian jurisdiction.
The departure of the Israelites from Egypt was unheralded: they were simply ordered by their god Ishkur-Adad to pack up and go one evening, in the month of Abib, which in today’s calendar corresponds to the latter part of March and the early part of April. Note that the caravan did not comprise of Israelites only: some Egyptians, who in all probability had religiously converted to the Jewish faith or had lent the Israelites the gold and silver they carried, came along too.
EXODUS 12:38 says, “A mixed multitude also went up with them”. Since they left in very hasty circumstances, the Israelites did not have time to bake bread using yeast, called leavened bread. Instead, they hurriedly prepared unleavened bread (flat bread both in terms of taste and shape because it has no yeast)) to consume whilst on their great trek. However, the main reason they settled for unleavened bread is not given in the Bible. THIS IS THAT UNLEAVENED HAS NUMEROUS HEALTH BENEFITS.
It is low in fat and calories and is a good source for energy-supplying carbohydrates. It is a good source of fibre, which is vital for maintaining heart health. It is rich in Vitamin B, which enables the body to obtain energy from the food we eat. Finally, it is rich in manganese and selenium, two minerals that function as antioxidants in our bodies. Antioxidants are substances that protect cells from damage by chemicals known as free radicals. Thus unleavened bread was just the right sustenance for a people who were to spend weeks on the march. In due course, Adad would institute the Feast of Unleavened Bread for the Israelites, which they would celebrate once a year concurrent with Passover to commemorate the frantic manner in which they left Egypt. The Feast of Unleavened Bread, during which they ate bread without yeast, lasted for seven days.
ISRAELITES CROSS SEA OF REEDS AS OPPOSED TO RED SEA
The route the Israelites took on their way to Arabia (Midian) can be somewhat confusing if one were to strictly follow the Exodus account. For instance, in EXODUS 15:22, one would get the impression that the Israelites’ first stop was the Wilderness of Shur. However, we now know that the Wilderness of Shur was in Arabia. It was actually the penultimate stop as it marked the very cusp of their ultimate destination, Mount Jabal Al-Lawz, which is also referred to as Sinai or Horeb in the Bible. When the Israelites set off from Egypt, Moses told them they were headed for the Wilderness of Shur, the reason the region is listed first.
The entire journey from Goshen in Egypt to Mount Sinai in Arabia took 45 days. Of these, 28 were travel days whereas 17 were camping days. On average, the Israelites traversed 27 km a day. Goshen, which also went by the names Pi-Ramses and Avaris, is today’s Tel El Daba, in Egypt’s eastern delta. It is located approximately 100 km northeast of Cairo and in antiquity was an important commercial and military centre.
The first topical juncture in the Israelites’ peregrinations was the crossing of the Sea of Reeds. The Sea of Reeds is not the same as the Red Sea: the Sea of Reeds (Yam Suf in Hebrew) was then a shallow depression whose sea level variation averaged a mere 1.2 metres. It is today occupied by the Suez Canal in the region of the tidal salt marshes and reed beds near the Bitter Lakes to the south of Ismalia. Historians have mistaken the Sea of Reeds for the Red Sea simply because the English version of the King James Bible wrongly translated the Hebrew Yam Suf to Red Sea instead of Sea of Reeds (EXODUS 15:22).
But does that mean that it was at the pitifully shallow Sea of Reeds that Moses parted the huge walls of water? And did the miraculous parting indeed take place? YES IT DID, BUT IT WAS NOT AT THE SEA OF REEDS: IT WAS AT THE STRAITS OF TIRAN ACROSS THE GULF OF AQABA. The Gulf of Aqaba separates the Sinai Peninsula from Arabia. But many a people are not aware that the Gulf of Suez, which separates mainland Egypt from the Sinai Peninsula, and the Gulf of Aqaba together constitute the Red Sea (EXODUS 10:19; EXODUS 23:31; NUMBERS 21:4; DEUTERONOMY 2:1; JUDGES 11:16; AND 1 KINGS 9:26 ). In fact, to the Israelites of Moses’ day, the Red Sea proper was the Gulf of Aqaba. More on the parting of the Gulf of Aqaba arm of the Red Sea later.
ADAD SHOWBOATS HIS PATERNALISM
Ishkur-Adad was out to impress the Israelites – to rest-assure them that not only was he their protector through thick and thin but he was also their guiding light through and through. For as long as they obeyed and heeded his every admonition, he would stoutly stand by them and cater to their every need. The Israelites wanted him to make his presence manifest even if they could not see his physical being, which he withheld from them as per the Enlilite pantheon’s accord.
Obliging them, Adad asserted his presence in two ways 24/7. During the day, either he himself or his Anunnaki pilots ( called “Messengers of the Elohim” in EXODUS 13:19) shuttled back and forth overhead in an expansive Flying Saucer (referred to as the “Glory of God” in most biblical passages) which was encased in an ever-lingering smoke which gave the impression of a cloud. During the night time, he continued to hover by them aloft but this time around, the flying saucer illumined the immediate surroundings on the ground. The Bible refers to this rather brilliant illumination as fire.
In short, the nation of Israel were led by a cloud and by a pillar of fire as they trekked out of Egypt (EXODUS 13:21). BOTH THESE ELEMENTS SYMBOLISE DEATH. A cloud in this context is a metaphor for a shroud and fire denotes judgement or an agent/medium of destruction (LUKE 9:54; 2 KINGS 1:10. In REVELATION 13:13, a being who calls fire to come down from Heaven is described as “the Beast”, an agent of the Devil). Indeed, during the nation of Israel’s wilderness wanderings, the hot-tempered Adad killed great numbers of Israelites at the slightest indiscretion as we shall later demonstrate.
Today, the charismatic church movements, also known as Pentecostals, refer to themselves as Fire Churches. When TB Joshua is busy exorcising demons, he chants, “Fire! Fire!”. But fire is not synonymous with good: it is synonymous with danger or destruction. The Lake of Fire in the Book of Revelation is symbolic of the ultimate fate of the forces of darkness – their total annihilation or eternal damnation. So why should the charismatic churches obsess themselves with the mantra of “fire”?
Well, if you know the underlying orientation of the gods of the Old Testament, you will easily understand why they projected themselves as a byword for fire. The Gnostics, the first century buffs of metaphysical knowledge, described the Reptilians (devils) as archons. They said the archons were made of “luminous fire”. Fire, therefore, is fundamentally a euphemism for the forces of darkness. And the Enlilites, the Anunnaki faction that was headed by Jehovah-Enlil, were allied with Reptilians, which explains their utter cruelty and their nefarious agenda for mankind.
Sadly, the church has long been infiltrated by the regressive Enlilites and their Reptilian allies, two particularly diabolical forces who jointly schemed the creation of religion. So when your pastor, bishop, or “prophet” chants “Fire! Fire!”, believe you me he’s simply saluting his Luciferian gods who enable those “miracles”. This Earth, My Brother …
ISRAELITES REACH SHORES OF RED SEA
The Israelites’ first stop on the great trek toward Arabia was a place known as Succouth, about 120 km south of today’s Port of Suez. This was exactly 3 days after their departure from Goshen. The Succouth stop was not meant for an overnight rest. Within the Succouth region and near Serabit El Khadim were two Egyptian controlled copper and turquoise mines where Israelite slaves toiled without pay. Thus Moses ordered a stop there to collect the Israelite miners, a gesture which was in keeping with the terms of the exodus he had negotiated with Pharaoh Ramesses.
From Succouth, Moses led the nation of Israel to Migdol, the Egyptians’ three-way look-out point, which was about 500 km from Egypt. At Migdol, the Egyptians, who were keeping tabs on the huge Israelite procession, kept meticulously trained homing pigeons – organic couriers of messages between Egypt and the Sinai Peninsula. The Egyptians had used courier pigeons since 2400 BC. The moment the Egyptian sentries observed the approach of Israelite hordes, they immediately dispatched one or two homing pigeons to Pharaoh’s palace to alert him accordingly. Homing pigeons flew at a speed of 100 km per hour and so in only 5 hours’ time, Ramesses would have received the message.
From Migdol, the Israelites proceeded to Etham, where they reached “a dead end”. Etham was surrounded by mountains 300 metres high. This made the Israelites a sitting target in case the Egyptians pursued after them. With such a rude awakening, Adad had a rethink and had his people retrace their way back to the plain at the foot of Migdol, where they were to camp. It seems these back-and-forth manouevres were also a strategy on the part of Adad to confuse the Egyptians.
Next, the Israelites moved to Pi-Hahiroth, around the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula. Pi-Hahiroth was located on the shores of the Gulf of Aqaba, that is, between Migdol and the eastern arm of the Red Sea. Thus far, the Israelites had travelled for 17 days and camped for 8 days since departing Egypt. To date, the Israelites had been moving through the “Wilderness of Egypt”. The Wilderness of Egypt was the V-shaped area of land between the Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Aqaba. Today, it is known as the Sinai Peninsula.
EGYPTIAN FORCES HEM IN ON ISRAELITE CONTINGENT
The Israelites camped for 8 days at Pi-Hahiroth. This is curious: if the Israelites were pressed for time to get to Arabia, why did Adad let them procrastinate for so long? The Bible itself provides the answer in EXODUS 4:14, which reads thus: “Thus I will make the heart of Pharaoh steadfast, so he will pursue after them. Then I shall indeed be glorified in Pharaoh and in all his army; and the Egyptians will know that I am Yahweh. Hence they did so.”
Once again, we see Adad’s mind manipulation artifice at work here. Adad’s intention was to perform a great “miracle” that would astonish both the Egyptians and the Israelites – the parting of the Red Sea, that is, the Gulf of Aqaba. He wanted the Egyptians to be firsthand witnesses to this extraordinary feat so it could be the talk of the day. So what does he do? He uses his long-honed mind-control tricks to work on the psyche of Ramesses so that he (Ramesses) makes a rash decision to give fervid chase after the Israelites.
So the moment Ramesses received the message delivered by the homing pigeons – that the Israelites were now camped at the foot of Migdol (before they set off for Pi-Hahiroth) – he sent a 600-man strong chariotry after them. His excuse was that the Israelites had tactfully (that is, by way of deceptive borrowing) purloined a priceless amount of gold and silver from his people and he wanted this returned before they crossed the Gulf of Aqaba.
Since the Egyptian army were horse-mounted, they arrived at Pi-Hahiroth much faster than the Israelites did. But they did not attack the Israelites there and then as they were intimidated by Adad’s formidable-looking flying saucer which kept vigil over the Israelites day in and day out. Seeing that the Egyptian forces were now on the scene, Adad decided to get his people to cross the sea using the Straits of Tiran, which linked Arabia to the Sinai Peninsula. To effectually do that humanly speaking, they would have required thousands of ferries, which would have taken months to construct. The quickest passage was by way of none other than a miracle. How was this miracle to be effected?
Many a times I get clients casually walking into my room and requesting to be checked for “appendix”.Few questions down the line, it is clear they are unaware of where the appendix is or what to expect when one does have it (appendicitis). Jokingly (or maybe not) I would tell them they would possibly not be having appendicitis and laughing as hard as they are doing. On the other hand, I would be impressed that at least they know and acknowledge that appendicitis is a serious thing that they should be worried about.
So, what is Appendicitis?
Appendicitis is aninflammation of the appendix; a thin, finger-like pouch attached to the large intestine on the lower right side of the abdomen. Often the inflammation can be as a result of blockage either by the faecal matter, a foreign body, infection, trauma or a tumour. Appendicitis is generally acute, with symptoms coming on over the course of a day and becoming severe rapidly. Chronic appendicitis can also occur, though rarely. In chronic cases, symptoms are less severe and can last for days, weeks, or even months.
Acute appendicitis is a medical emergency that almost always ends up in the operating theatre. Though the appendix is locally referred to as “lela la sukiri”, no one knows its exact role and it definitely does not have anything to do with sugar metabolism. Appendicitis can strike at any age, but it is mostly common from the teen years to the 30s.
Signs to look out for
If you have any of the following symptoms, go and see a Doctor immediately! Timely diagnosis and treatment are vital in acute appendicitis;
Sudden pain that starts around the navel and shifts to the lower right abdomen within hours
The pain becomes constant and increases in severity (or comes back despite painkillers)
The pain worsens on coughing, sneezing, laughing, walking or deep breaths
Loss of appetite
Nausea and vomiting
Constipation or diarrhoea
The doctor often asks questions regarding the symptoms and the patient’s medical history. This will be followed up by a physical examination in which the Doctor presses on the abdomen to check for any tenderness, and the location of the pain. With acute appendicitis, pressing on and letting go of the right lower abdomen usually elicits an excruciatingly unbearable pain. Several tests may be ordered to determine especially the severity of the illness and to rule out other causes of abdominal pain. The tests may conditions include: blood tests, a pregnancy test, urinalysis, abdominal“How do ultrasound scans work?” ultrasound (scan), CT scan or MRI Scan.
The gold standard treatment of acute appendicitis is surgical removal of the appendix known as appendectomy. Luckily,a person can live just fine without an appendix! Surgical options include laparoscopy or open surgery and the type will be decided on by the Surgeon after assessing the patient’s condition. Painkillers and antibiotics are also given intravenously usually before, during and after the surgery.
Appendicitis can cause serious complications such as;
Appendicular mass/abscess– If the appendix is inflamed or bursts, one may develop a pocket of pus around it known as an abscess. In most cases, the abscess will be treated with antibiotics and drained first by placing a tube through one’s abdominal wall into the abscess. The tube may be left in place for a few hours or days while the infection is clearing up but ultimately one would still have surgery to remove the appendix.
Peritonitis – without treatment, the appendix can rupture/burst. The risk of this rises48–72 hours after symptoms start. A ruptured appendix spreads the infection throughout the abdomen (peritonitis). This is life threatening and requires immediate surgery to remove the appendix and clean the abdominal cavity.
Death – The complications of appendicitis (and appendectomy) can be life threatening, only if the diagnosis has been missed and no proper treatment has been given on time. This is rare though with the evolved medical care.
If you need further advice or treatment please call 4924730, email HYPERLINK “mailto:email@example.com” firstname.lastname@example.org or visit www.themedisccentre.co.bw
Antoinette Boima, MBBS, BMedSci, PgDip HIV/AIDS, Cert Aesth Med is the Managing Director of The Medics Centre in Palapye.
Here’s a news item from last month you may have missed. In December 2021 the University of Staffordshire announced it would be offered a degree course in pantomime! Yes, that’s right, a degree in popular festive entertainment, the Christmas panto.
We used to have one here, put on by the Capitol Players, though it seems to have fallen away in recent times, but the spectacle is still alive and well in the UK, both in local ad-dram (amateur dramatic ) societies and on the London stage and most of the major cities, these latter productions usually featuring at least one big-draw name from the world of show business with ticket prices commensurate with the star’s salary.
In case you’re unfamiliar with the pantomime format, it consists of a raucous mixture of songs and comedy all based around a well-known fairy or folk tale. Aladdin and His Magic Lamp, Cinderella, Jack & The Beanstalk & Dick Whittington are perennial favourites but any well-known tall tale goes. There is no set script, unlike a play, and storyline is just a peg to hang a coat of contemporary, often bawdy, gags on, in what should be a rollicking production of cross dressing – there has to be at least one pantomime dame, played by a man and always a figure of fun, and a Principal Boy, ostensibly the male lead, yet played by an attractive young woman.
As an art form it can trace its roots back to 16th century Italy and the Commedia Del’Arte which used a mélange of music, dance, acrobatics along with a cast of comic stock characters so it has a long and proud theatrical tradition but you have to wonder, does that really qualify it as a suitable subject for a university? Further, what use might any degree be that can be acquired in a single year? And last but not least, how much standing does any degree have which comes from a jumped-up polytechnic, granted university status along with many of its ilk back in 1992, for reasons best known to the government of the time? Even more worrying are the stated aims of the course.
Staffordshire University claims it is a world first and the masters course is aimed at people working inside as well as outside the industry. Students on the course, due to start in September 2022, will get practical training in the art form as well as research the discipline.
“We want to see how far we can take this,” Associate Professor of Acting and Directing Robert Marsden said. The role of pantomime in the 21st Century was also going to be examined, he said, “particularly post Me Too and Black Lives Matter”. Questions including “how do we address the gender issues, how do we tell the story of Aladdin in 2021, how do we get that balance of male/female roles?” will be asked, Prof Marsden added.
Eek! Sounds like Prof. Marsden wants to rob it of both its history and its comedic aspects – well, good luck with that! Of course that isn’t the only bizarre, obscure and frankly time and money-wasting degree course available. Staying with the performing arts there’s Contemporary Circus and Physical Performance at Bath Spa University. Sounds like fun but why on earth would a circus performer need a university degree?
Or how about a Surf Science and Technology degree at Cornwall College (part of the University of Plymouth). Where the one thing you don’t learn is….how to surf!
Then there is a degree in Floral Design at University Centre Myerscough. No, I hadn’t heard of it either – turns out it’s a college of further education in Preston, a town that in my experience fits the old joke of ‘I went there once…..It was closed’ to a ‘T’!
Another handy (pun intended) art is that of Hand Embroidery BA (Hons), offered at the University for the Creative Arts. Or you could waste away sorry, while away, your time on a course in Animal Behaviour and Psychology. This degree at the University of Chester teaches you about the way animals think and feel. Cockroaches have personalities according to the subject specs– you couldn’t make it up.
Happily all these educational institutes may have to look to their laurels and try to justify their very existence in the near future. In plans announced this week, universities could face fines of up to £500,000 (P750m), be stripped of their right to take student loans or effectively shut down if they cannot get 60 per cent of students into a professional job under a crackdown on ‘Mickey Mouse’ courses. Further, at least 80 per cent of students should not drop out after the first year, and 75 per cent should graduate.
The rules, published by the Office for Students (OfS), aim to eliminate ‘low-quality’ courses by setting new standards & requiring courses to improve their rating in the TEF, the official universities ratings system. Universities not meeting the new standards will not be able to charge full annual fees of £9,250. Unconventional courses that could fall victim to the new rules could include the University of Sunderland’s BA in Fashion Journalism, where students learn essential’ skills such as catwalk reporting and the history of Chanel. They have only a 40 per cent chance of entering highly skilled work 15 months after leaving.
At University College Birmingham, BSC Bakery and Patisserie Technology students – who learn how to ‘make artisan bread’ – have a 15 per cent chance of a professional job within 15 months. Universities minister Michelle Donelan welcomed the move, saying ‘When students go to university, they do so in the pursuit of a life-changing education, one which helps pave their path towards a highly skilled career. Any university that fails to match this ambition must be held to account.’
OfS found that at 25 universities, fewer than half of students find professional work within 15 months. Business and management courses at the University of Bedfordshire (14.8 per cent) were among the least likely to lead to graduate-level jobs. Asked to comment, the University of Sunderland said it always looked ‘to find ways to improve outcomes’; University College Birmingham said data on graduates and definition of ‘professional work’ was limited. I’ll bet it is! As the saying goes, ’what the eye doesn’t see, the heart doesn’t grieve over’. What a pantomime!
With the world still reeling from the negative impact of the Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19), and the latest Omicron variant (which is responsible for the ongoing global forth wave) on everyone’s lips, we should not forget and neglect other aspects of our health.
While anyone can get infected with corona virus and become seriously ill or die at any age, studies continue to show that people aged 60 years and above, and those with underlying medical conditions like hypertension, heart and lung problems, diabetes, obesity, cancers, or mental illness are at a higher risk of developing serious illness or dying from covid-19.
It is a good habit to visit a doctor regularly, even if you feel healthy. Regular health checks can help identify any early signs of health issues or assess your risk of future illness hence prompting one to take charge and maintain a healthy lifestyle. Heart disease, diabetes, some cancers and other non-communicable diseases (even communicable) can often be picked up in their early stages, when chances for effective treatment are high.
During a health check, your doctor will take a thorough history from you regarding your medical history, your family’s history of disease, your social life and habits, including your diet, physical activity, alcohol use, smoking and drug intake. S/he will examine you including measuring your weight, blood pressure, feeling your body organs and listening to your heart and lungs amongst the rest. Depending on the assessment, your doctor will notify you how often you need to have a health check. If you have a high risk of a particular health condition, your doctor may recommend more frequent health checks from an early age.
Diet – a healthy diet improves one’s general health and wellbeing. It is recommended that we have at least two serves of fruit and five serves of vegetables daily. Physical activity – regular physical activity has significant health benefits on one’s body, mind & soul. It contributes to preventing and managing non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, cancers and diabetes, reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety, enhances thinking, learning, and judgment skills and improves overall well-being. According to the world health organisation (WHO), people who are insufficiently active have a 20% to 30% increased risk of death compared to people who are sufficiently active. Aim for 30 minutes to an hour of moderate physical activity at least four days in a week. Examples of moderate physical activity include brisk walking, gentle swimming and social tennis.
Weight – maintaining a healthy weight range helps in preventing long-term complications like cardiovascular disease, diabetes and arthritis. It is also vital for one’s mental wellbeing and keeping up with normal activities of daily living. Ask your doctor to check your body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference annually. If you are at a higher risk, you should have your weight checked more frequently and a stern management plan in place.
Alcohol – as per WHO reports, alcohol consumption contributes to 3 million deaths each year globally as well as to the disabilities and poor health of millions of people. Healthy drinking entails taking no more than two standard drinks per drinking day with at least two alcohol-free days in a week.
Smoking –Nicotine contained in tobacco is highly addictive and tobacco use is a major risk factor for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, many different types of cancer, and many other debilitating health conditions. Every year, at least a whopping 8 million people succumb from tobacco use worldwide. Tobacco can also be deadly for non-smokers through second-hand smoke exposure. It is not ‘fashionable’ if it is going to cost you and your loved ones lives! If you are currently smoking, talk to your doctor and get help in quitting as soon as possible to reduce the harm.
Blood pressure: Hypertension is a serious medical condition and can increase the risk of heart, brain, kidney and other diseases. It is a major cause of premature death worldwide, with upwards of 1 in 4 men and 1 in 5 women – over a billion people – having the condition. Have your blood pressure checked annually if it is normal, you are aged under 40 and there is no family history of hypertension. You might need to have it checked more frequently if you are over 40, your blood pressure is on the high side, or you have a personal or family history of high blood pressure, stroke or heart attack. Your doctor will be there to guide you.
Dental care – eating a low-sugar diet and cleaning and flossing the teeth regularly can reduce one’s risk of tooth decay, gum disease and tooth loss. Visit a dentist every six months for a dental examination and professional cleaning, or more frequently as per your dentist’s advice. Blood tests – annual to five-yearly blood tests may be done to further assess or confirm risk of disease. These may include blood sugar levels, cholesterol levels, kidney function, liver function, tumour markers, among other things. They may be done frequently if there is already an existing medical condition.
Cancer screening – various screening techniques can be done to detect different cancers in their early or pre-cancer stages. These include; skin inspections for any suspicious moles/spots, two-yearly mammograms for those at risk of developing breast cancer, Pap smear or the new Cervical Screening Test (CST) every five years, stool tests and colonoscopy (every five years) for those at most risk of bowel cancer, prostate cancer screening for those at risk (over 45 years of age, family history of cancers etc.). Discuss appropriate tests with your doctor.
Vaccinations – You should discuss with your doctor about the necessary routine immunisation, in particular; the Covid-19 vaccines, an annual flu shot, a five-yearly pneumococcal vaccine if you have never had one or you are immunocompromised and any other boosters that you might need.
If you need further advice or treatment please call 4924730, email HYPERLINK “mailto:email@example.com” firstname.lastname@example.org or visit www.themedisccentre.co.bw
Antoinette Boima, MBBS, BMedSci, PgDip HIV/AIDS, Cert Aesth Med is the Managing Director of The Medics Centre in Palapye.