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Philip Matante (1912-79)

JEFF RAMSAY

BUILDERS OF BOTSWANA

Philip Parcel Goanwe “PG” Matante was a pioneer nationalist, being the co-founder and for many years leader of the Bechuanaland (later Botswana) People’s Party (BPP). He is said to have been born on Christmas day in Serowe as the son of Goanwe Matante. Philips parents migrated to South Africa, where he spent much of his youth. 

Matante ended his studies at St. Peters College following his father’s death. Thereafter he worked as a clerk in the gold mines. He returned to Bechuanaland to serve in the African Pioneer Corps in 1941-46, becoming one of the few non-royals to hold the top rank of Sergeant-Major. 

After the war, Matante returned to South Africa, where he joined the ANC in 1948. In 1954 he married Mary Nini Matante. He returned to Serowe in 1956 before settling in Francistown in 1957 as a store manager and lay preacher. In 1959 he helped to launch the Tatitown Cultural Organisation, which addressed political issues. Matante briefly showed interest in the Federal Party but found it too conservative and ineffectual. From February to October 1960 he struggled unsuccessfully to introduce his St. Philip’s Apostolic Church into Gammangwato.

In December 1960 he joined K.T. Motsete and Motsamai Mpho in founding the BPP. Thereafter, Matante blossomed as a freedom square orator firing his audience by voicing their frustrations and grievances, while telling the British they must “pack and go”. He also supported the boycott of racist establishments. In June 1962 tensions between Matante and Mpho irreparably split the BPP. The spark was Mpho’s claim that Matante was responsible for financial irregularities. Mpho was ultimately driven out to form the rival Botswana Independence Party.

In 1965 the BPP under Matante’s leadership captured three seats to become the sole opposition party in the National Assembly. In 1966 Matante walked out of the independence talks in London after his call for new elections and further review of the constitution were rejected. Following independence, Matante gained further notoriety for his robust participation in Parliamentary debate. He was the first MP to call for the formation of a defence force.

Philip Matante (1912-79)

Philip Parcel Goanwe “PG” Matante was a pioneer nationalist, being the co-founder and for many years leader of the Bechuanaland (later Botswana) People’s Party (BPP). He is said to have been born on Christmas day in Serowe as the son of Goanwe Matante. Philips parents migrated to South Africa, where he spent much of his youth. 

Matante ended his studies at St. Peters College following his father’s death. Thereafter he worked as a clerk in the gold mines. He returned to Bechuanaland to serve in the African Pioneer Corps in 1941-46, becoming one of the few non-royals to hold the top rank of Sergeant-Major. After the war, Matante returned to South Africa, where he joined the ANC in 1948. In 1954 he married Mary Nini Matante. He returned to Serowe in 1956 before settling in Francistown in 1957 as a store manager and lay preacher. In 1959 he helped to launch the Tatitown Cultural Organisation, which addressed political issues. 

Matante briefly showed interest in the Federal Party but found it too conservative and ineffectual. From February to October 1960 he struggled unsuccessfully to introduce his St. Philip’s Apostolic Church into Gammangwato. In December 1960 he joined K.T. Motsete and Motsamai Mpho in founding the BPP. Thereafter, Matante blossomed as a freedom square orator firing his audience by voicing their frustrations and grievances, while telling the British they must “pack and go”. He also supported the boycott of racist establishments. 

In June 1962 tensions between Matante and Mpho irreparably split the BPP. The spark was Mpho’s claim that Matante was responsible for financial irregularities. Mpho was ultimately driven out to form the rival Botswana Independence Party. In 1965 the BPP under Matante’s leadership captured three seats to become the sole opposition party in the National Assembly. In 1966 Matante walked out of the independence talks in London after his call for new elections and further review of the constitution were rejected. Following independence, Matante gained further notoriety for his robust participation in Parliamentary debate. He was the first MP to call for the formation of a defence force.

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Export Processing Zones: How to Get SEZA to Sizzle

23rd September 2020
Export Processing Zone (EPZ) factory in Kenya

In 2005, the Business & Economic Advisory Council (BEAC) pitched the idea of the establishment of Special Economic Zones (SEZs) to the Mogae Administration.

It took five years before the SEZ policy was formulated, another five years before the relevant law was enacted, and a full three years before the Special Economic Zones Authority (SEZA) became operational.

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Egypt Bagged Again

23rd September 2020
Samson

… courtesy of infiltration stratagem by Jehovah-Enlil’s clan

With the passing of Joshua’s generation, General Atiku, the promised peace and prosperity of a land flowing with milk and honey disappeared, giving way to chaos and confusion.

Maybe Joshua himself was to blame for this shambolic state of affairs. He had failed to mentor a successor in the manner Moses had mentored him. He had left the nation without a central government or a human head of state but as a confederacy of twelve independent tribes without any unifying force except their Anunnaki gods.

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‘RO, ‘RO ‘RO YOUR ‘BOT

23rd September 2020

If I say the word ‘robot’ to you,  I can guess what would immediately spring to mind –  a cute little Android or animal-like creature with human or pet animal characteristics and a ‘heart’, that is to say to say a battery, of gold, the sort we’ve all seen in various movies and  tv shows.  Think R2D2 or 3CPO in Star Wars, Wall-E in the movie of the same name,  Sonny in I Robot, loveable rogue Bender in Futurama,  Johnny 5 in Short Circuit…

Of course there are the evil ones too, the sort that want to rise up and eliminate us  inferior humans – Roy Batty in Blade Runner, Schwarzenegger’s T-800 in The Terminator,  Box in Logan’s Run,  Police robots in Elysium and  Otomo in Robocop.

And that’s to name but a few.  As a general rule of thumb, the closer the robot is to human form, the more dangerous it is and of course the ultimate threat in any Sci-Fi movie is that the robots will turn the tables and become the masters, not the mechanical slaves.  And whilst we are in reality a long way from robotic domination, there are an increasing number of examples of  robotics in the workplace.

ROBOT BLOODHOUNDS Sometimes by the time that one of us smells something the damage has already begun – the smell of burning rubber or even worse, the smell of deadly gas. Thank goodness for a robot capable of quickly detecting and analyzing a smell from our very own footprint.

A*Library Bot The A*Star (Singapore) developed library bot which when books are equipped with RFID location chips, can scan shelves quickly seeking out-of-place titles.  It manoeuvres with ease around corners, enhances the sorting and searching of books, and can self-navigate the library facility during non-open hours.

DRUG-COMPOUNDING ROBOT Automated medicine distribution system, connected to the hospital prescription system. It’s goal? To manipulate a large variety of objects (i.e.: drug vials, syringes, and IV bags) normally used in the manual process of drugs compounding to facilitate stronger standardisation, create higher levels of patient safety, and lower the risk of hospital staff exposed to toxic substances.

AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY ROBOTS Applications include screw-driving, assembling, painting, trimming/cutting, pouring hazardous substances, labelling, welding, handling, quality control applications as well as tasks that require extreme precision,

AGRICULTURAL ROBOTS Ecrobotix, a Swiss technology firm has a solar-controlled ‘bot that not only can identify weeds but thereafter can treat them. Naio Technologies based in southwestern France has developed a robot with the ability to weed, hoe, and assist during harvesting. Energid Technologies has developed a citrus picking system that retrieves one piece of fruit every 2-3 seconds and Spain-based Agrobot has taken the treachery out of strawberry picking. Meanwhile, Blue River Technology has developed the LettuceBot2 that attaches itself to a tractor to thin out lettuce fields as well as prevent herbicide-resistant weeds. And that’s only scratching the finely-tilled soil.

INDUSTRIAL FLOOR SCRUBBERS The Global Automatic Floor Scrubber Machine boasts a 1.6HP motor that offers 113″ water lift, 180 RPM and a coverage rate of 17,000 sq. ft. per hour

These examples all come from the aptly-named site www.willrobotstakemyjob.com    because while these functions are labour-saving and ripe for automation, the increasing use of artificial intelligence in the workplace will undoubtedly lead to increasing reliance on machines and a resulting swathe of human redundancies in a broad spectrum of industries and services.

This process has been greatly boosted by the global pandemic due to a combination of a workforce on furlough, whether by decree or by choice, and the obvious advantages of using virus-free machines – I don’t think computer viruses count!  For example, it was suggested recently that their use might have a beneficial effect in care homes for the elderly, solving short staffing issues and cheering up the old folks with the novelty of having their tea, coffee and medicines delivered by glorified model cars.  It’s a theory, at any rate.

Already, customers at the South-Korean  fast-food chain No Brand Burger can avoid any interaction with a human server during the pandemic.  The chain is using robots to take orders, prepare food and bring meals out to diners.  Customers order and pay via touchscreen, then their request is sent to the kitchen where a cooking machine heats up the buns and patties. When it’s ready, a robot ‘waiter’ brings out their takeout bag.   

‘This is the first time I’ve actually seen such robots, so they are really amazing and fun,’ Shin Hyun Soo, an office worker at No Brand in Seoul for the first time, told the AP. 

Human workers add toppings to the burgers and wrap them up in takeout bags before passing them over to yellow-and-black serving robots, which have been compared to Minions. 

Also in Korea, the Italian restaurant chain Mad for Garlic is using serving robots even for sit-down customers. Using 3D space mapping and other technology, the electronic ‘waiter,’ known as Aglio Kim, navigates between tables with up to five orders.  Mad for Garlic manager Lee Young-ho said kids especially like the robots, which can carry up to 66lbs in their trays.

These catering robots look nothing like their human counterparts – in fact they are nothing more than glorified food trolleys so using our thumb rule from the movies, mankind is safe from imminent takeover but clearly  Korean hospitality sector workers’ jobs are not.

And right there is the dichotomy – replacement by stealth.  Remote-controlled robotic waiters and waitresses don’t need to be paid, they don’t go on strike and they don’t spread disease so it’s a sure bet their army is already on the march.

But there may be more redundancies on the way as well.  Have you noticed how AI designers have an inability to use words of more than one syllable?  So ‘robot’ has become ‘bot’ and ‘android’ simply ‘droid?  Well, guys, if you continue to build machines ultimately smarter than yourselves you ‘rons  may find yourself surplus to requirements too – that’s ‘moron’ to us polysyllabic humans”!

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