Moses gets the nod as the two contend for the Egyptianthrone but …
Moses had been King of Midian for 40 years when Ramesses I became Pharaoh of Egypt. By this time, he should have had several more children with his Queen Zipporah but the Bible mentions only two, Gershom and Eleazer.The name Gershommeant “sojourner”, to underline the fact that although Moses was a sovereign in the land of Midian, he was not meant to live there forever as his real homewas Egypt. As for Eleazer, meaning “God has helped”, it was a tribute to Nibiru King Anu. Moses venerated Nibiru, which he called the Aten, because it was the abode ofAnu, “Our Father Who Art In Heaven”.
Now, when Ramesses took over as Pharaoh, there were two key dynamics at play in Egypt. First, the persecution ofthe Hykso-Hebrews had reached a new high. It was not on the scale of the Holocaust of Hitler’s day but it was austere anyway.Second, the indigenous Egyptians were clamouring for the return of Armana rule. Their rallying cry was voiced through Aaron, who had stayed in Egypt after his 3-year stint as caretaker Pharaoh. Both Ramesses and his predecessor Horemheb were not royals but usurpers. In particular, Egyptians were rooting for the return of the “Royal Mosis”, as Moses was now nostalgically referred to – a term that informed his naming in the Bible when in his native Egypt he was known as Akhenaten.
When he became Pharaoh, or Pharaoh-designate in truth, Ramesses was very old, stopping just short of walking on a cane. And as we all know, people mellow with age. SO TAKING ADVANTAGE OF THE RESURGENCE OF HIS POPULARITY IN HIS MOTHERLAND, MOSES SERVED NOTICE ON RAMESSES THAT HE INTENDED TO RETURN TO EGYPT TO RECLAIM THE THRONE IN HEED OF THE WISHES OF THE EGYPTIANS.Of course Ramesses would havegiven him the middle finger as he had the power that went with incumbency but he decided not to opt for that course of action and instead gave Moses the green light to come over. Why this openhanded gesture on his part?
Well, it was simple. The pitting of wits between Moses and Ramesses was to be witnessed by the Egyptian Council of Elders, also known as Wise Men, who at least in this state of affairs were vested with the right to vote for the bona fide pharaoh. And you know as much as I do that such people are typically in the pocket of the King as they enormously enjoy his patronage. So Ramesses was hundred percent certain that even if he wasn’t the genuine-article pharaoh, the vote would go his way anyway. And once that happened, he would be in a position now to demonstrate to the Egyptians that it was not he who kept Moses at bay: it was the collective wish of the Council of Elders.The Egyptians would resultantly resign themselves to the outcome and begin to rally to Ramesses especially that he had acted so fairly and justly in the matter.
Arriving in Egypt, Moses did not head straight for an audience with Ramesses. He first fetched his cousin Aaron, the only other surviving Amarna King, and the two, along with their entourage of course, set course for the pharaoh’s residence. The meeting was held not at the official palace at Thebes in southern Egypt but at the pharaoh’s private mansion at Zaru, the mansion built for him by the slaving Hykso-Hebrews when he was Horemheb’s No. 2. It seemed Moses had insisted that Zaru be the rendezvous because that was his birthplace and therefore it had an abiding sentimental and symbolic value.
MOSES CHALLENGESRAMESSES’ RIGHT OF SUCCESSION
The Wise Men, a kind of rubber stamp parliament, were gathered in the hall at the Ramesses mansion to witness and adjudicate the rhetorical showdown between the rightful Pharaoh in Moses and the aspiring Pharaoh in Ramesses.First, Ramesses proffered reasons as to why he was the right person to succeed Horemheb. He had been duly anointed by Horemheb as successor and so had the seal of approval of the departed king.
It was not that he had usurped the throne: Horemheb had no heir and this was the reason he had settled for Ramesses. If Horemheb had come to power by foul and crook, that wasn’t of Ramesses’ making: he could not be held accountable for a sin that was committed by his predecessor. In any case, Horemheb argued, none of the Armana Kings were genuine Egyptians: they were in truth Hykso-Hebrews either paternally or maternally.On the other hand, Horemheb and he were full-blooded sons of the soil and therefore were deserving rulers of their beloved country.
Once Ramesses was done with his manifesto, Moses took the floor to make the case for his restoration as Pharaoh. Moses asserted that he was the linear pharaoh since his father Amenhotep III, that his rule was interrupted when Horemheb and company, who included Ramesses himself, leaned on him to step down and go into exile. In short, Moses was extra-legally removed from power.
Moses went on to denounce Ramesses as a commoner who therefore was not entitled to the institution of monarch. Both he and Horemheb did not have the merest drop of royal blood in them.As for the matter of his carrying Hykso-blood, Moses argued that pharaohs typically married daughters of foreign kings as minor wives and therefore it was common to find pharaohs in the annals of Egypt who had foreign blood in them as even Tuthmosis IV’s mother was a foreigner.
Above all, Moses produced incontrovertible evidence that he was indeed a pharaoh. Remember, when he went into exile 40 years before, he had taken with him his Pharaonic symbol of authority. This was a serpent rod made of bronze and shaped and engraved in the image of a scepter. The serpent was the symbol of Enki, the overall god of Africans and father to Egypt’s national god, Amen-Ra Marduk. To further buttress his case, Moses performed the ritual of the withered hand, whereby he placed his right hand limply across his chest, while supporting it with his left hand.
In the Bible, Moses’ actions (which it attributes to Aaron) before Ramesses are spun as magical feats. That is far from the truth: the “Word of God” lies folks. In Egypt, these rituals were part and parcel of a sitting pharaoh’s performance at the Sed festival, which was meant tovalidate the pharaoh’s capacity to continueruling his people. The Sedfestival was first held on the pharaoh’s 30th thronal anniversary and every three years thereafter. Typically, the rituals were performed by the Pharaoh’s aides on his behalf.The Koran documents the incident too and much more accurately in its case: Moses does not remotely come across as a magician but simply as someone who presents evidence of his authority.
In his highly insightful book, MOSES AND AKHENATEN: THE SECRET HISTORY OF EGYPT AT THE TIME OF THE EXODUS, the Egyptian historianAhmed Osman puts the serpent rod and hand rituals in context thus: “In the tomb of Kheruef, one of Queen Tiye’s stewards, a throne scene shows the queen with her husband, Amenhotep III. Under the dais of the throne we see Kheruef and other officials, each holding something that he is about to hand to the king so that he can use it during the Sedfestival celebrations of his Year 30.
In one scene, Kheruef is followed by eight palace officials, the first of whom is wearing an apron. He puts his right arm across his chest and his hand over his left shoulder while he holds his forearm with the left hand. The fourth of these officials holds a bundle of clothes in his right hand and a curved scepter with serpent’s head in his left.”
So when Moses performed the serpent rod and hand rituals before Ramesses, he was demonstrating two things. First, he was challenging Ramesses’ right of succession and making the case for his own. Second, he was reenacting the Sed festival, for had his rule not been interrupted, he would today be on the throne for more than 30 years and therefore would merit performing the Sed festival.
The authors of the Pentateuch (the first five books of the Old Testament) did not get it wrong: they simply deliberatelymisrepresented the facts. Why? BECAUSE THEY DIDN’T WANT TO MAKE IT TOO OBVIOUS TO THE JEWS THAT MOSES WAS ONCE PHARAOH OF EGYPT, A NATION THAT WAS THE JEWISH PET HATE (it would be something akin to saying Adolf Hitler was in fact a Jew).As such, they dramatised and doctored the incident and hadAaron perform the “magic” when it was Moses who did so.
MOSES GETS THE VOTE BUT RAMESSES REFUSES TO BUDGE
Both thetwo contenders for the Egyptian throne had made their case and it was now up to the Wise Men to pass a vote indicating whosedeposition had convinced them.To Ramesses’ surprise, the Wise Men all voted for Moses. The vote wasindicated by bowing their knees in front of Moses, thus confirming that he had a superior claim to the throne. Sadly, Ramesses was not having any of that.
He immediately put his army on the alert and when word seeped through that Moses was to be the new Pharaoh, Zaru erupted into jubilation on the streets. It was all in vain really, for when the pro-Moses elements in the Egyptian establishment tried to press their case for the enthronement of Moses, they were ruthlessly crashed by the highly partisan army.Furthermore, all the members of the Council of the Elders were put tothe sword.
Moses himself was untouched,being a King already of the territory of Midian. Ramesses in fact tried to convince Moses to reintegrate Midian into Egypt once again but Moses stoutly refused. INSTEAD, AN ANGRY MOSES RENOUNCED HIS EGYPTIAN NATIONALITY AND DECLARED HIMSELF A HYKSO-HEBREW. He then demanded that all the Hykso-Hebrews leave Egypt with him not for good but for only three days to hold a special festival to his god, the Aten, in the Sinai Wilderness.
Ramesses not only rejected the appeal but revved up on affliction visited on the Hykso-Hebrews. “And Pharaoh commanded the same day the taskmasters of the people, and their officers, saying, Ye shall no more give the people straw to make bricks, as heretofore: let them go and gather straw for themselves. And the tale [number] of bricks, which they did make heretofore, ye shall lay upon them; ye shall not diminish ought thereof: for they be idle; therefore they cry, saying, Let us go and sacrifice to our God" (EXODUS 5:6-8).
Since he could not have his bidding, Mosesdeparted Egypt for Midian. In the event, Ramesses was officially crowned as Egypt’s new pharaoh. Butas he was so advanced in age, he was nomore than a shadow of his old self: the person who wielded real power was his firstborn son Seti, who was also in charge of the army.
MOSES CHOSEN TO SPEARHEAD JEWISH EMANCIPATION
Meanwhile, the Enlilites, the Anunnaki faction headed by Jehovah, were pressed for time.The planet Nibiru was scheduled to return in about 700 years' time. By that time, three imperatives needed to have been accomplished fundamentally.First, the two space-related sites, Jerusalem and Baalbek in Lebanon, should have been under Enlilite control.King Anu was expected to touch down on Earth by way of either Baalbek or Jerusalem. Thus either places had to be operational once again as the aeronautical Landing Place and Mission Control Centre respectively.
Second, Canaan, more so Jerusalem, should have been dominated populationwise by the Jews, Enlil’s chosen people, who he called his sheep. Presently, the whole of Canaan was occupied by non-Hebrew peoples who were largely pro-Marduk. They were Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Girgashites, Hivites, and Jebusites.This was against the strategic designs of the Enlilites. All the non-Hebrew peoples should have been flushed out by the time Anu returnedand the Jews ensconced in their place.
Third, Marduk, who was legally Chief Executive of Earth (although the Enlilites scarcely recognized him) should have been deposed and an Enlilite installed in his place. The Enlilites wereaverse toan Enkite receiving such an august figure as Anu. They wanted that privillege to fall to them.The overriding priority presently, however, was to populate Jerusalem with Jews. The Jews at the time were concentrated in two places – Harran in today’s Turkey and Zaru in Egypt. Whereas the Jews of Harran were free people, the Jews of Zaru were in bondage. It was the latter the Enlilite decided tofree and then remove to Jerusalem.And the person they chose to spearhead the sequence of activities in this regard was none other than Moses.
Moses had a number of qualifying attributes for this purpose. First, he was a military general of masses of experience. Second, he had been King of Egypt and King of Midian for a combined total of just under 60 years.Third, he was of Hykso-Hebrew descent on his mother’s side and so would find resonance amongst the Hykso-Hebrews.
The express commissioning of Moses to the task wasassigned to Ishkur-Adad, Enlil-Jehovah’s second-born son. The Enlilites had decided thatthey would no longer show or intimate themselves to mankind as individual gods but would do so using onlyone representative on a rotational basis. This representative Anunnaki deity would go under the name ANKI, meaning, in paraphrase, “Lord of Heaven and Earth”.
IN OTHER WORDS, ANKI WOULD POSE AS BOTH ANU, THE GOD OF HEAVEN (NIBIRU), AND ENLIL, THE GOD (PUTATIVELY AND UNLAWFULLY) OF EARTH.The first person they chose to play this role was Adad. Unlike in the past when humans could physically see a god, that was no longer the case. This time around, humans would hear the voice of a god alright but may not see him. The idea was to instill a sense of awe, a sort of mystique, in the minds of Earthlings.
Thus it was that not long after Moses had returned from his rhetorical clash with Ramesses, Adad sent an “angel”, that is, a low-ranking Anunnaki, to summon him to his presence. Since this was Moses’ first encounter with an Anunnaki, he was overwhelmed and therefore acquiesced without much ado.
MOSES COMES BEFORE ISHKUR-ADAD
At the time of Moses, in the 14th century BC, the Anunnaki had all but withdrawn from direct interaction with and interference into the affairs of mankind. That did not mean they had retired or that they had left Earthlings wholly to their own devices. They were very much around and exerting subtle influence from behind the scenes.But the so-called senior gods – the likes of Enlil, Enki, Ninmah, Ninurta, and Nannar-Sin – were in semi-retirement. Only Marduk, being the executive ruler of Earth, was still active in answer to the call of duty but at a slightly diminished rate in his case too.
Nannar-Sin, Enlil’s second-born son, who would later be known as Zeus to the Greeks and Adonis to the Romans, was theprincipal Canaanite god of the day. In Canaan, Sin was simply referred to as El, meaning “God”.Sin and his wife Ningal, or Asherah to the Canaanites, had decided to settle in the southern parts of the Sinai Peninsula, in an area the Bible calls Horeb, near two twin mountain peaks known as the Mountains of the Elohim.
The Elohim, as you already know, was how the Sumerians referred to the ruling pantheon of the Anunnaki. In the Bible, the term Elohim is misleadingly translated as “God” when the right translation should be the plural “gods”, as the Anunnaki were called as a collective. Sin in particular was fond of setting up home atop or near mountainpeaks, the reason his other name was El Shaddai, meaning “Lord of the Mountains”.
It was to Horeb, not very far from Serabit El-Khadim, Moses’ residential precincts, that Moses, so we’re given to understand by the authors of the Pentateuch, was taken by an “Angel of the Lord” – a Anunnaki messenger of Ishkur-Adad. According to the Bible, this happened when Moses, “a shepherd of the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian”, was “leading the flock behind the wilderness” (EXODUS 3:1).
This is all coded language as we have reiterated time and again. Being shepherd of Jethro’s flock simply meant Moses was the King of the Midianites. In the Bible, when the term shepherd is applied to a patriarchal figure, it means that figure wasKing. In the languageof Enlilite gods, a shepherd was a member of the human race who ruled a people, the sheep, on their (Enlilites’) behalf.
Arriving at the scene of his summons, at about sunset, Moses, the biblical story continues, was treated to a wondrous and stupefying spectacle. A THICKET THAT GREW AGAINST A MOUNTAIN SIDE WAS BURNING RATHER BRIGHTLY BUT WAS NOT BEING CONSUMED BY THE FIRE (EXODUS 3:1-22/4:1-19).Naturally, Moses was overcome with fear.But did things proceed exactly as Exodus relates them? And was the bright but seemingly cold flame a miracle?
Seventy-seven years ago, on the evening of December 2, 1943, the Germans launched a surprise air raid on allied shipping in the Italian port of Bari, which was then the key supply centre for the British 8th army’s advance in Italy.
The attack was spearheaded by 105 Junkers JU88 bombers under the overall command of the infamous Air Marshal Wolfram von Richthofen (who had initially achieved international notoriety during the Spanish Civil War for his aerial bombardment of Guernica). In a little over an hour the German aircraft succeeded in sinking 28 transport and cargo ships, while further inflicting massive damage to the harbour’s facilities, resulting in the port being effectively put out of action for two months.
Over two thousand ground personnel were killed during the raid, with the release of a secret supply of mustard gas aboard one of the destroyed ships contributing to the death toll, as well as subsequent military and civilian casualties. The extent of the later is a controversy due to the fact that the American and British governments subsequently covered up the presence of the gas for decades.
At least five Batswana were killed and seven critically wounded during the raid, with one of the wounded being miraculously rescued floating unconscious out to sea with a head wound. He had been given up for dead when he returned to his unit fourteen days later. The fatalities and casualties all occurred when the enemy hit an ammunition ship adjacent to where 24 Batswana members of the African Pioneer Corps (APC) 1979 Smoke Company where posted.
Thereafter, the dozen surviving members of the unit distinguished themselves for their efficiency in putting up and maintaining smokescreens in their sector, which was credited with saving additional shipping. For his personal heroism in rallying his men following the initial explosions Company Corporal Chitu Bakombi was awarded the British Empire Medal, while his superior officer, Lieutenant N.F. Moor was later given an M.B.E.
Remember: bricks and cement are used to build a house, but mutual love, respect and companionship are used to build a HOME. And amongst His signs is this: He creates for you mates out of your own kind, so that you may find contentment (Sukoon) with them, and He engenders love and tenderness between you; in this behold, there are signs (messages) indeed for people who reflect and think (Quran 30:21).
This verse talks about contentment; this implies companionship, of their being together, sharing together, supporting one another and creating a home of peace. This verse also talks about love between them; this love is both physical and emotional. For love to exist it must be built on the foundation of a mutually supportive relationship guided by respect and tenderness. As the Quran says; ‘they are like garments for you, and you are garments for them (Quran 2:187)’. That means spouses should provide each other with comfort, intimacy and protection just as clothing protects, warms and dignifies the body.
In Islam marriage is considered an ‘ibaadah’, (an act of pleasing Allah) because it is about a commitment made to each other, that is built on mutual love, interdependence, integrity, trust, respect, companionship and harmony towards each other. It is about building of a home on an Islamic foundation in which peace and tranquillity reigns wherein your offspring are raised in an atmosphere conducive to a moral and upright upbringing so that when we all stand before Him (Allah) on that Promised Day, He will be pleased with them all.
Most marriages start out with great hopes and rosy dreams; spouses are truly committed to making their marriages work. However, as the pressures of life mount, many marriages change over time and it is quite common for some of them to run into problems and start to flounder as the reality of living with a spouse that does not meet with one’s pre-conceived ‘expectations’. However, with hard work and dedication, couples can keep their marriages strong and enjoyable. How is it done? What does it take to create a long-lasting, satisfying marriage?
Below are some of the points that have been taken from a marriage guidance article I read recently and adapted for this purposes.
POSITIVITY Spouses should have far more positive than negative interactions. If there is too much negativity — criticizing, demanding, name-calling, holding grudges, etc. — the relationship will suffer. However, if there is never any negativity, it probably means that frustrations and grievances are not getting ‘air time’ and unresolved tension is accumulating inside one or both partners waiting to ‘explode’ one day.
“Let not some men among you laugh at others: it may be that the (latter) are better than the (former): nor let some women laugh at others: it may be that the (latter) are better than the (former): nor defame nor be sarcastic to each other, nor call each other by (offensive) nicknames.” (49:11)
We all have our individual faults though we may not see them nor want to admit to them but we will easily identify them in others. The key is balance between the two extremes and being supportive of one another. To foster positivity in a marriage that help make them stable and happy, being affectionate, truly listening to each other, taking joy in each other’s achievements and being playful are just a few examples of positive interactions. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “The believers who show the most perfect faith are those who have the best character and the best of you are those who are best to their wives”
Another characteristic of happy marriages is empathy; understanding your spouses’ perspective by putting oneself in his or her shoes. By showing that understanding and identifying with your spouse is important for relationship satisfaction. Spouses are more likely to feel good about their marriage and if their partner expresses empathy towards them. Husbands and wives are more content in their relationships when they feel that their partners understand their thoughts and feelings.
Successful married couples grow with each other; it simply isn’t wise to put any person in charge of your happiness. You must be happy with yourself before anyone else can be. You are responsible for your actions, your attitudes and your happiness. Your spouse just enhances those things in your life. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “Treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and committed helpers.”
Successful marriages involve both spouses’ commitment to the relationship. The married couple should learn the art of compromise and this usually takes years. The largest parts of compromise are openness to the other’s point of view and good communication when differences arise.
When two people are truly dedicated to making their marriage work, despite the unavoidable challenges and obstacles that come, they are much more likely to have a relationship that lasts. Husbands and wives who only focus on themselves and their own desires are not as likely to find joy and satisfaction in their relationships.
Another basic need in a relationship is each partner wants to feel valued and respected. When people feel that their spouses truly accept them for who they are, they are usually more secure and confident in their relationships. Often, there is conflict in marriage because partners cannot accept the individual preferences of their spouses and try to demand change from one another. When one person tries to force change from another, he or she is usually met with resistance.
However, change is much more likely to occur when spouses respect differences and accept each other unconditionally. Basic acceptance is vital to a happy marriage. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “It is the generous (in character) who is good to women, and it is the wicked who insults them.” “Overlook (any human faults) with gracious forgiveness.” (Quran 15:85)
COMPASSION, MUTUAL LOVE AND RESPECT
Other important components of successful marriages are love, compassion and respect for each other. The fact is, as time passes and life becomes increasingly complicated, the marriage is often stressed and suffers as a result. A happy and successful marriage is based on equality. When one or the other dominates strongly, intimacy is replaced by fear of displeasing.
It is all too easy for spouses to lose touch with each other and neglect the love and romance that once came so easily. It is vital that husbands and wives continue to cultivate love and respect for each other throughout their lives. If they do, it is highly likely that their relationships will remain happy and satisfying. Move beyond the fantasy and unrealistic expectations and realize that marriage is about making a conscious choice to love and care for your spouse-even when you do not feel like it.
Seldom can one love someone for whom we have no respect. This also means that we have to learn to overlook and forgive the mistakes of one’s partner. In other words write the good about your partner in stone and the bad in dust, so that when the wind comes it blows away the bad and only the good remains.
Paramount of all, marriage must be based on the teachings of the Noble Qur’an and the teachings and guidance of our Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). To grow spiritually in your marriage requires that you learn to be less selfish and more loving, even during times of conflict. A marriage needs love, support, tolerance, honesty, respect, humility, realistic expectations and a sense of humour to be successful.
The past week or two has been a mixed grill of briefs in so far as the national employment picture is concerned. BDC just injected a further P64 million in Kromberg & Schubert, the automotive cable manufacturer and exporter, to help keep it afloat in the face of the COVID-19-engendered global economic apocalypse. The financial lifeline, which follows an earlier P36 million way back in 2017, hopefully guarantees the jobs of 2500, maybe for another year or two.
It was also reported that a bulb manufacturing company, which is two years old and is youth-led, is making waves in Selibe Phikwe. Called Bulb Word, it is the only bulb manufacturing operation in Botswana and employs 60 people. The figure is not insignificant in a town that had 5000 jobs offloaded in one fell swoop when BCL closed shop in 2016 under seemingly contrived circumstances, so that as I write, two or three buyers have submitted bids to acquire and exhume it from its stage-managed grave.