The establishment of Sumer & Akkad marked the genesis of a Semitic language called Akkadian, written in a wedgelike (cuneiform) script. It is from Akkadian the Hebrew and Arabic languages evolved. Sargon, however, was not to rule Uruk or Kish as per the original wishes of the Enlilite gods. A shrewd Inanna unilaterally decided he should establish a new throne city within the broader Sumer. The reason? Zechariah Sitchin: “The same thinking, of making adversaries part of the family, probably led to the decision to establish a new, neutral national capital, Agade, whose name meant 'Union City'. Its location marked the addition of territories called Akkad, north of olden Sumer, to create a new geopolitical entity called Sumer & Akkad.”
Initially, Sargon went by the honorific title “Commanding Overseer of Ishtar, King of Kish, Great Ensi of Enlil. ” There was yet another title he went by. This was “Anointed Priest of Anu”. All kings of the day were anointed with the fat of a reptilian, seaborne creature known as the Mus-Hus in Sumeria and as the Messeh in Egypt. Today, we call this creature the crocodile. The crocodile was a symbol of virility (because of its sexual prowess), vitality (it’s the largest reptile on the planet), and longevity (it is among the oldest creatures of Earth, having existed in its present form for more than 200 million years).
Since kings of antiquity were anointed with crocodile fat, they were also known as Messiah. When Jesus was called “The Christ”, which is Greek for “Messiah”, it simply meant he was the bloodline King of Judah: there was nothing spiritual about it. Symbolically of course, kings had godly anointing but who were these gods? It were the Anunnaki, with “Our Father Who Art In Heaven” being King Anu of Nibiru. It is as simple as that.
Although Sargon was manouvered to prominence by Inanna-Ishtar, it was Enlil, the Bible’s principal Jehovah, he credited for his accession to monarchy. “It was Enlil,” he writes, “who gave me kingship and lordship”. But it was in “The Era of Ishtar” that Sargon blazed and that he did expressly acknowledged in his memoirs. A text known as The Sargon Chronicle says, “Sharrukin, King of Agade, rose to power in the era of Ishtar”. In The Legend of Sargon, Sargon gushes thus: “While I was a gardener, Ishtar granted me her love.
And for four and fifty years I exercised Kingship. The Black-Headed People I ruled and governed.” The Black-Headed Ones, Sag-Ge-Ga in Sumerian, was the Anunnaki’s nickname for mankind in that pure Earthlings all had black hair: only those with significant proportions of blood from white-skinned Anunnaki had variations like blonde or reddish hair.
Meanwhile, Sargon, ingratiated himself to his Anunnaki father Nannar-Sin by appointing one of his daughters Enheduanna as high-priestess-cum-hierodule in Sin’s temple in Ur, a position his (Sargon) own mother had occupied. Sin had taken great pleasure in bedding Sargon’s mother; now he would take pleasure in bedding Sargon’s daughter. Anunnaki morals were turd, to say the least.
SARGON STEAMROLLS OVER THE MIDDLE EAST
In his wars of conquest, Sargon was ruthless, decisive, and comprehensive. Although he was raised by Akki the agrarian, he had a step-father known as Arbakad, who had four garrisons under his command in the army of Ur-Zababa. So he had learnt a great deal about prosecuting war. By 2371 BC, he had overrun the whole of Sumer and substantially extended its boundaries. His central protagonists, however, were the gods themselves.
Not only did he have sophisticated, “mass-killing weapons” provided him by Enlil: he had the militarily brilliant and untouchable Inanna fighting alongside him right at the battlefront, where she and him at once waged war and made love during the periodical lulls. Leading his troops through the mountain passes of today's Luristani in western Iran, “Ishtar made a light to shine for him when he pressed forward in the darkness”. It was Inanna who was the commanding general of his troops. “My conquests, “he writes, “were carefully carried out by the order of my mistress, the divine Ishtar.”
But regarding the scope of the victories and the extent of the territories, Sargon effusively acknowledged Enlil. Says The Sargon Chronicle: “Sharrukin, King of Aggade, left neither rival nor opponent. He spread his terror-inspiring awe in all the lands. He crossed the sea in the east, he conquered the country of the west in its full extent … By Enlil was Sharrukin empowered; Inanna with her weapons of brilliance his warriors accompanied. Enlil did not let anybody oppose Sargon, the king of the land; from the Upper Sea (Mediterranean Sea) to the Lower Sea (Persian Gulf) Enlil gave unto him.”
And in all these military exploits, Sargon was so cruel that his own kids chided him for his blood lust. One of his daughters told him, “You will be remembered by the destruction of the rebel land, massacring its people, making its rivers run with blood.” But the gods, the Enlilites, gloated at this savagery. “It was to the gate of the House of Enlil that Sargon brought the captive kings, ropes tied to the dog collars around their necks,” says The Legend of Sargon.
The operative word put out of course was to “neutralise Marduk,” to forestall his seizure of Sumer. The truth of the matter, however, was that these grizzly wars constituted the Enlilites mass sacrifice of mankind to their Reptilian gods. Then and now, that is the fundamental aim of war. In the Vietnam War, the US’s Reptilian-controlled government sacrificed 1.3 million people. In the Gulf War, the Reptilian George W Bush sacrificed half a million Iraqis to his father the Devil (JOHN 8:44). This Earth, My Brother …
THE GRANDEUR OF AGADE
Sargon built the new capital of Sumer, Agade, not very far from Kish. It was rich, magnificent, and ostentatious. "In those days," a Sumerian historiography text relates, "the dwellings of Agade were filled with gold; its bright shining houses were filled with silver. Into its storehouses were brought copper, lead and slabs of lapis-lazuli. Its granaries bulged at the sides. Its old men were endowed with wisdom, its old women were endowed with eloquence. Its young men were endowed with the strength of weapons, its little children were endowed with joyous hearts … The city was full of music."
But Agade’s signature landmark structure was the Ulmash. This was a temple dedicated to Inanna, so named because it glittered with luxurious trappings which outdid even her Eanna in Uruk. "In Agade did holy Inanna erect a temple as her abode,” says an Akkadian text. “In the Glittering Temple she set up a throne." Besotted with a sense of grandeur, Inanna now had a temple in every major Sumerian city. “Is there a god who can vie with me?” she boasted.
It was in these times, the era of Agade, that the Enlilite gods were given new, Akkadian names being the more prominent in Sumer compared to the Enkites. Hitherto, they had been known by their Sumerian names only. Thus Inanna became Ishtar (Esther in English); Utu became Shamash; and Nannar became Sin (Suen when fully rendered); and Ishkur became Adad.
“MY TIME TO RULE HAS COME” – MARDUK
Meanwhile, Marduk in Egypt was priming himself as Earth’s new Enlil. Remember, Enlil was simply the title for Earth’s Chief Executive Officer. Marduk, who was legally entitled to take over as the Enlil in the astrological Age of the Ram, which was to follow after the present Age of Taurus, had begun to lick his chops after the Gudanna, the incumbent Enlil’s fighter craft, had been downed and vandalised by Gilgamesh’s men, who were spearheaded by Enkidu.
Marduk had taken the destruction of the Gudanna as a timely and fitting pointer to Enlil’s downfall in the very imminent Age of Aries. Soon after this stigmatic event, Marduk launched a propaganda drive meant to psychologically prepare the global citizenry for his ascendancy to supremacy. Already, Egyptian priests were hailing him as “The Eldest of Heaven, Firstborn Who is on Earth!” In hymnals composed to anticipate his rise to Enlilship, the verses now deified him as, “Lord of eternity, he who everlastingness has made, over all the gods presiding, the One who is without equal, the great solitary and sole one!”
Virtually every power and attribute of fellow gods he now ascribed to himself albeit prematurely. “As Enlil I am for lordship and decrees,” he boasted. “As Ninurta, for the hoe and combat; as Adad, for lightning and thunder; as Nannar for illuminating the night; as Utu, I am Shamash; as Nergal, over the Lower World I reign; as Gibil, the golden depths I know, whence copper and silver come I have found; as Ningishzidda numbers and their count I command.
The heavens my glory bespeak!” The latter statement features in PSALM 19:1, where it is rendered, “The heavens declare the glory of God”. What Marduk meant when he made this statement was that indications in the stellar backdrop (star pattern) of the night sky were that Taurus was given way to Aries and therefore was announcing his ascendancy to greatness.
Now Marduk was neither wrong nor right when he made this assertion. True, mathematically speaking, he was right. By mathematical reckoning, a zodiacal age (e.g. Taurus) lasted 2160 years, after which another (Aries according to the sequence) commenced. But theory and reality scarcely coincide. Some zodiacal ages, or constellations, are bigger than other in terms of the expanse of the heavenly space they occupy.
Since there are 12 constellations and the celestial arc in which they move is 360 degrees in total, each constellation ideally ought to occupy 30 degrees. However, some constellations occupy more than 30 degrees. A case in point is Taurus. As such, even if the mathematical 2160 years in which it is supposed to “rule” will have passed, it will still physically linger in the night sky for about 200 more years before a new sky pattern (of Aries) emerges. So in one sense, Marduk was correct in that chronologically, Taurus was on the wane: in another sense, he was wrong because celestially, the Taurian stellar backdrop still had pride of place in the night sky.
ENKI AND OTHERS GAINSAY MARDUK’S CLAIMS
Given the above contrarieties, when the other gods heard of Marduk’s claims, they were perturbed. “By these proclamations, the Anunnaki leaders were greatly alarmed,” say the Sumerian records. “To their father Enki the brothers of Marduk spoke; Nergal to Ninurta their concerns conveyed. What has you overpowered? Enki to his son Marduk said. Unheard of are your pretensions! The heavens (night time star pattern) my supremacy bespeak! Marduk his father Enki answered. The Bull of Heaven (the Gudanna), Enlil's constellation sign, by his own offspring was slain. In the heavens, the Age of the Ram, my age, is coming, unmistakable the omens are!”
Since the ramifications of Marduk’s claim would be far reaching, a selected team of the Anunnaki, amongst whom was their most versatile scientist Enki himself, took to a meticulous monitoring of the night sky once every year on the first day of the season of spring (March 20 in the northern hemisphere and September 22 in the southern hemisphere). “In his abode, in Eridu, the circle of the twelve constellations Enki examined: on the first day of spring, the beginning of a year, sunrise was carefully observed.”
The reports were unanimous in their findings. “In the constellation stars of the Bull was the sun that day rising. In Nibruki (Nippur) and Urim (Ur), Enlil and Nannar the observations made. In the Lower World (Southern Africa), where the Instruments Station was (at Cape Aghulhus in South Africa), Nergal the results attested: still remote was the time of the Ram, the Age of the Bull of Enlil it still was!”
But Marduk was by no means deterred by the concerted findings of his fellow gods: as far as he was concerned, it was the mathematical zodiacal time that counted, not the rather subjective celestial time. “In his domains, Marduk in his assertions did not relent. By Nabu (his heir) he was assisted. To domains not his, emissaries he sent, to announce to the people that his time (to rule Earth) has come.”
LORD OF THE THREE REGIONS
As Sargon aged, he became more and more foolhardy and therefore daring. His greatest undoing of course was his goddess and mistress Inanna-Ishtar. Inanna bedded King Anu, “Our Father Who Art In Heaven” every time he visited Earth and that made her think she was untouchable as far as the Earth-based gods were concerned. So whatever Inanna dinned into his thick mind, Sargon heeded it without giving it a second thought.
Thus far in his conquests, Sargon had steered clear of the domains of the Enlilites’ most fearsome gods. These were Lagash, Ninurta’s cult city, and Lebanon, Ishkur-Adad’s jurisdiction. But egged on by Inanna, he overran these too, so that he now had latitude over the aviational Landing Place at Baalbek, which not only was within Adad’s territory but was directly overseen by Utu-Shamash.
As far as Tilmun, the interplanetary spaceport in the Sinai Peninsula, was concerned, Sargon did not seize it: all he did was station his troops at its gazetted entry points under the pretext that he was trying to ward off Marduk’s designs to bring it into his sphere of influence, which of course was false. Sargon in fact showboatingly called himself “Lord of the Three Regions”, namely Sumer-Akkad, Egypt, and the Indus Valley. The only region he excluded was the fourth – the “neutral” Sinai Peninsula.
Sargon’s aversion to Marduk of course was not innately his: it was implanted in him by Inanna. Inanna never ever forgave Marduk for his role, so she believed, in the death of her husband Dumuzi, who was the greatest love of her life. As such, Inanna had vowed that Marduk could only become the new Enlil over her dead body. The new Enlil had to be none other than she herself: in the soon-to-dawn Age of Aries, she would rule Earth from the new city Sargon had built for her, Agade.
SARGON IRKS THE GODS
Now, every city that was the seat of kingship had what was known as the “Pavilion of Heaven”. This was a kind of public square where the Shuhadaku was emplaced. The Shuhadaku, defined as "Supreme Strong Bright Weapon," was first commissioned in Kish, the first city-state to be overseen by an Earthling King, by Anu and Enlil. It was made of alloyed metal. Every time kingship moved from one city to the other, the Shuhadaku followed too. But it was not instituted in the ordinary way: it was embedded in special, sacred soil. This was the soil of Babylon, Marduk’s cult city but which he had been made to vacate as punishment for erecting the infamous space-launch platform known as the Tower of Babel.
Why Babylon of all cities in Sumer? Well, Babylon had initially been set aside as a place where King Anu’s host city was to be built. It had therefore been consecrated and sanctified for the purpose. Then when King Anu came to Earth in 4000 BC, he transferred his rights to Babylon land to Marduk. Marduk therefore inherited the holiest place, theoretically, in Sumer, which explains why every throne city had to be commissioned with Babylonian soil.
Although Marduk now was based in Egypt, he was still recognised as the de facto god of Babylon. Thus if Babylonian soil was to be extracted for purposes of laying the Shuhadaku in a new city of kingship, express permission had to be sought from him. Presently, kingship had been commandeered to Agade by Inanna unilaterally. Agade, however, lacked legitimacy in that the Shuhadaku had been installed without the pre-conditional Babylonian soil.
Inanna was aware that his arch-enemy Marduk would never accede to her request for Babylonian soil. So what does she do? She gets Sargon to bulldoze his way into Babylon and appropriate the hallowed soil. When Marduk heard of this thievery, he filed a protest before the Pantheon of the Anunnaki gods and threatened that if the soil was not returned, he would make a forceful comeback to Babylon and from there wage war on Sargon.
But Inanna was not done yet as far as her supremacist histrionics were concerned. She announced that she was going to build her own spaceport in Agade so she could be in command of her own interplanetary missions. If you recall, Marduk had attempted just such a unilateral project in the form of the Tower of Babel in Babylon, which was bombed to rabble by Ninurta with the assistance of Inanna herself. Once again, Marduk took up the matter with the pantheon, arguing that he had been ejected from Babylon for exactly the same sin Inanna was contemplating.
By this time, even the Enlilites had had enough of Sargon’s belligerence and the antics of Inanna. Long story short, the Enlilites tacitly encouraged Marduk to trace his way back to Babylon and help tame the wayward Inanna and her equally intransigent bedfellow in Sargon. That, folks, was a hallmark of the Enlilites: from time to time, they used an enemy to punish a person or a people who fell out with them. The fate of the nation of Israel is a case in point: they endured all sorts of hardships and violations at the hands of foreign armies every time they rubbed Enlil or Ishkur-Adad the wrong way. Could Marduk tame the monster?
The Central Bank has by way of its Monetary Policy Statement informed us that the Botswana economy is likely to contract by 8.9 percent over the course of the year 2020.
The IMF paints an even gloomier picture – a shrinkage of the order of 9.6 percent. That translates to just under $2 billion hived off from the overall economic yield given our average GDP of roughly $18 billion a year. In Pula terms, this is about P23 billion less goods and services produced in the country and you and I have a good guess as to what such a sum can do in terms of job creation and sustainability, boosting tax revenue, succouring both recurrent and development expenditure, and on the whole keeping our teeny-weeny economy in relatively good nick.
Joseph’s and Judah’s family lines conjoin to produce lineal seed
Just to recap, General Atiku, the Israelites were not headed for uncharted territory. The Promised Land teemed with Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites. These nations were not simply going to cut and run when they saw columns of battle-ready Israelites approach: they were going to fight to the death.
Parliament has begun debates on three related Private Members Bills on the conditions of service of members of the Security Sector.
The Bills are Prisons (Amendment) Bill, 2019, Police (Amendment) Bill, 2019 and Botswana Defence Force (Amendment) Bill, 2019. The Bills seek to amend the three statutes so that officers are placed on full salaries when on interdictions or suspensions whilst facing disciplinary boards or courts of law.
In terms of the Public Service Act, 2008 which took effect in 2010, civil servants who are indicted are paid full salary and not a portion of their emolument. Section 35(3) of the Act specifically provides that “An employee’s salary shall not be withheld during the period of his or her suspension”.
However, when parliament reformed the public service law to allow civil servants to unionize, among other things, and extended the said protection of their salaries, the process was not completed. When the House conferred the benefit on civil servants, members of the disciplined forces were left out by not accordingly amending the laws regulating their employment.
The Bills stated above seeks to ask Parliament to also include members of the forces on the said benefit. It is unfair not to include soldiers or military officers, police officers and prison waders in the benefit. Paying an officer who is facing either external or internal charges full pay is in line with the notion of ei incumbit probation qui dicit, non qui negat or the presumption of innocence; that the burden of proof is on the one who declares, not on one who denies.
The officers facing charges, either internal disciplinary or criminal charges before the courts, must be presumed innocent until proven otherwise. Paying them a portion of their salary is penalty and therefore arbitrary. Punishment by way of loss of income or anything should come as a result of a finding on the guilt by a competent court of law, tribunal or disciplinary board.
What was the rationale behind this reform in 2008 when the Public Service Act was adopted? First it was the presumption of innocence until proven otherwise.
The presumption of innocence is the legal principle that one is considered “innocent until proven guilty”. In terms of the constitution and other laws of Botswana, the presumption of innocence is a legal right of the accused in a criminal trial, and it is an international human right under the UN’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 11.
Withholding a civil servant’s salary because they are accused of an internal disciplinary offense or a criminal offense in the courts of law, was seen as punishment before a decision by a tribunal, disciplinary board or a court of law actually finds someone culpable. Parliament in its wisdom decided that no one deserves this premature punishment.
Secondly, it was considered that people’s lives got destroyed by withholding of financial benefits during internal or judicial trials. Protection of wages is very important for any worker. Workers commit their salaries, they pay mortgages, car loans, insurances, schools fees for children and other things. When public servants were experiencing salary cuts because of interdictions, they lost their homes, cars and their children’s future.
They plummeted into instant destitution. People lost their livelihoods. Families crumbled. What was disheartening was that in many cases, these workers are ultimately exonerated by the courts or disciplinary tribunals. When they are cleared, the harm suffered is usually irreparable. Even if one is reimbursed all their dues, it is difficult to almost impossible to get one’s life back to normal.
There is a reasoning that members of the security sector should be held to very high standards of discipline and moral compass. This is true. However, other more senior public servants such as judges, permanent secretary to the President and ministers have faced suspensions, interdictions and or criminal charges in the courts but were placed on full salaries.
The yardstick against which security sector officers are held cannot be higher than the aforementioned public officials. It just wouldn’t make sense. They are in charge of the security and operate in a very sensitive area, but cannot in anyway be held to higher standards that prosecutors, magistrates, judges, ministers and even senior officials such as permanent secretaries.
Moreover, jail guards, police officers and soldiers, have unique harsh punishments which deter many of them from committing misdemeanors and serious crimes. So, the argument that if the suspension or interdiction with full pay is introduced it would open floodgates of lawlessness is illogical.
Security Sector members work in very difficult conditions. Sometimes this drives them into depression and other emotional conditions. The truth is that many seldom receive proper and adequate counseling or such related therapies. They see horrifying scenes whilst on duty. Jail guards double as hangmen/women.
Detectives attend to autopsies on cases they are dealing with. Traffic police officers are usually the first at accident scenes. Soldiers fight and kill poachers. In all these cases, their minds are troubled. They are human. These conditions also play a part in their behaviors. They are actually more deserving to be paid full salaries when they’re facing allegations of misconduct.
To withhold up to 50 percent of the police, prison workers and the military officers’ salaries during their interdiction or suspensions from work is punitive, insensitive and prejudicial as we do not do the same for other employees employed by the government.
The rest enjoy their full salaries when they are at home and it is for a good reason as no one should be made to suffer before being found blameworthy. The ruling party seems to have taken a position to negate the Bills and the collective opposition argue in the affirmative. The debate have just began and will continue next week Thursday, a day designated for Private Bills.