We had previously noted that, General Lothar Von Trotha’s heavy handed offer to grant ‘mercy’ has convinced the Nama to fight on.
An English translation his 22nd of April 1905 Proclamation to the ‘Hottentots’ [Nama]:
"The mighty and powerful German Emperor will grant mercy to the Hottentot [Nama] people and will spare the lives of those who voluntarily surrender. Only those who at the beginning of the uprising murdered whites or who ordered others to do so will forfeit their lives in accordance with the law. I announce this to you and further say that those few who do not submit will suffer the same fate as the Hereros, who in their blindness believed that they could carry on successful war with the mighty German Emperor and the great German people.
I ask you where are all the Hereros today, where are their chiefs? Samuel Maharero, who once called thousands of head of cattle his own, is now harried like a wild beast and driven over the border into English territory. He has become as poor as the poorest field Herero and possesses nothing. It is the same with the other chiefs, the majority of whom have lost their lives, and the Herero people too have been annihilated – part of them dying of hunger and thirst on the desert, part killed by German soldiers, part murdered by the Owambos.
“The Hottentots will suffer the same fate if they do not surrender and give up their weapons. You should come with a white piece of cloth on a stick together with your whole village and nothing will happen to you. You will get work and receive food until the war ends at which time the Great German Kaiser will regulate anew the conditions in this territory. He who believes that mercy will not be extended to him should leave the land for as long as he lives on German soil he will be shot – this policy will go on until all such Hottentots have been killed.”
In May 1905, a series of renewed clashes between the Germans and Jakob Marengo’s commando spilled over into Bechuanaland. This pattern continued for the duration of the war with the both the Nama forces, more especially the commandos of Kooper and Morris as well as Marengo, and their German counterparts often in either flight or pursuit into Bechuanaland and the northern Cape. The Germans as well as Nama are also known to have quietly established bases inside supposedly British ruled territory.
In addition, by the end of 1905 over 2000 Nama, mostly women and children had sought refuge under Mmamosadinyana’s protection. But besides being a place of retreat and refuge the western Kgalagadi region, from Ghanzi in the north to Upington in the south, was also crucial to the Nama resistance as a source of munitions and other supplies. In the process the war came to involve people, black and white, on both sides of the border, on both sides of the conflict.
The extent to which local Batswana were involved in smuggling arms and other contraband across the Kgalagadi deserves further study. For their part the Germans communicated to the British their own suspicions that Sekgoma Letsholathebe’s Batawana and Sebele’s Bakwena were giving aid and comfort to the Kaiser’s enemies. Scattered references also exist of the involvement of various Bechuanaland and northern Cape based whites on the side of the Nama.
One such individual was Edward Presgrave, whose death by a German bullet became a cause celebre in his home country of Australia. At the age of 18 Presgrave had arrived in Southern Africa to fight in the Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902). Thereafter, he seems to have made his living as a smuggler. By the beginning of 1905 he was reported to have been supplying Marengo’s forces with arms, ammunition, food and livestock.
He is further known to have actually ridden with Marengo’s commando in June-July of 1905, resulting in his active participation in at least three armed engagements against the Germans. The first encounter was at Leukop, which ended with many of the Nama retreating across the border, only to cross back a few days later. Reinforced by a second Nama commando under Kaptien Jan Hendricks, Marengo then attacked the Germans in clashes at Narus and around Khauxanas, inflicting severe casualties. Among the fallen was Lieutenant Thilo von Trotha, who was a nephew of Lothar.
Legend has it that at this point Presgrave joined Marengo, Witbooi and Kooper at the top of the German General’s most wanted list. Having returned to Bechuanaland, in September 1905, Presgrave was lured back into German South West Africa by two Boers on the pretext of buying some cattle. Once across the border the Boers attempted to capture him with the intent of turning him over to the Germans. But, in the ensuing struggle Presgrave was shot and wounded. The next morning a German patrol arrived to finish him off.
There is little doubt that the two Boers had already been working for the Germans. Berlin’s Consulate in Cape Town maintained an extensive network of agents on the British side of the border, more especially among Boers who were bitter at their community’s recent defeat by the British.
In 2005, the Business & Economic Advisory Council (BEAC) pitched the idea of the establishment of Special Economic Zones (SEZs) to the Mogae Administration.
It took five years before the SEZ policy was formulated, another five years before the relevant law was enacted, and a full three years before the Special Economic Zones Authority (SEZA) became operational.
… courtesy of infiltration stratagem by Jehovah-Enlil’s clan
With the passing of Joshua’s generation, General Atiku, the promised peace and prosperity of a land flowing with milk and honey disappeared, giving way to chaos and confusion.
Maybe Joshua himself was to blame for this shambolic state of affairs. He had failed to mentor a successor in the manner Moses had mentored him. He had left the nation without a central government or a human head of state but as a confederacy of twelve independent tribes without any unifying force except their Anunnaki gods.
If I say the word ‘robot’ to you, I can guess what would immediately spring to mind – a cute little Android or animal-like creature with human or pet animal characteristics and a ‘heart’, that is to say to say a battery, of gold, the sort we’ve all seen in various movies and tv shows. Think R2D2 or 3CPO in Star Wars, Wall-E in the movie of the same name, Sonny in I Robot, loveable rogue Bender in Futurama, Johnny 5 in Short Circuit…
Of course there are the evil ones too, the sort that want to rise up and eliminate us inferior humans – Roy Batty in Blade Runner, Schwarzenegger’s T-800 in The Terminator, Box in Logan’s Run, Police robots in Elysium and Otomo in Robocop.
And that’s to name but a few. As a general rule of thumb, the closer the robot is to human form, the more dangerous it is and of course the ultimate threat in any Sci-Fi movie is that the robots will turn the tables and become the masters, not the mechanical slaves. And whilst we are in reality a long way from robotic domination, there are an increasing number of examples of robotics in the workplace.
ROBOT BLOODHOUNDS Sometimes by the time that one of us smells something the damage has already begun – the smell of burning rubber or even worse, the smell of deadly gas. Thank goodness for a robot capable of quickly detecting and analyzing a smell from our very own footprint.
A*Library Bot The A*Star (Singapore) developed library bot which when books are equipped with RFID location chips, can scan shelves quickly seeking out-of-place titles. It manoeuvres with ease around corners, enhances the sorting and searching of books, and can self-navigate the library facility during non-open hours.
DRUG-COMPOUNDING ROBOT Automated medicine distribution system, connected to the hospital prescription system. It’s goal? To manipulate a large variety of objects (i.e.: drug vials, syringes, and IV bags) normally used in the manual process of drugs compounding to facilitate stronger standardisation, create higher levels of patient safety, and lower the risk of hospital staff exposed to toxic substances.
AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY ROBOTS Applications include screw-driving, assembling, painting, trimming/cutting, pouring hazardous substances, labelling, welding, handling, quality control applications as well as tasks that require extreme precision,
AGRICULTURAL ROBOTS Ecrobotix, a Swiss technology firm has a solar-controlled ‘bot that not only can identify weeds but thereafter can treat them. Naio Technologies based in southwestern France has developed a robot with the ability to weed, hoe, and assist during harvesting. Energid Technologies has developed a citrus picking system that retrieves one piece of fruit every 2-3 seconds and Spain-based Agrobot has taken the treachery out of strawberry picking. Meanwhile, Blue River Technology has developed the LettuceBot2 that attaches itself to a tractor to thin out lettuce fields as well as prevent herbicide-resistant weeds. And that’s only scratching the finely-tilled soil.
INDUSTRIAL FLOOR SCRUBBERS The Global Automatic Floor Scrubber Machine boasts a 1.6HP motor that offers 113″ water lift, 180 RPM and a coverage rate of 17,000 sq. ft. per hour
These examples all come from the aptly-named site www.willrobotstakemyjob.com because while these functions are labour-saving and ripe for automation, the increasing use of artificial intelligence in the workplace will undoubtedly lead to increasing reliance on machines and a resulting swathe of human redundancies in a broad spectrum of industries and services.
This process has been greatly boosted by the global pandemic due to a combination of a workforce on furlough, whether by decree or by choice, and the obvious advantages of using virus-free machines – I don’t think computer viruses count! For example, it was suggested recently that their use might have a beneficial effect in care homes for the elderly, solving short staffing issues and cheering up the old folks with the novelty of having their tea, coffee and medicines delivered by glorified model cars. It’s a theory, at any rate.
Already,customers at the South-Korean fast-food chain No Brand Burger can avoid any interaction with a human server during the pandemic. The chain is using robots to take orders, prepare food and bring meals out to diners. Customers order and pay via touchscreen, then their request is sent to the kitchen where a cooking machine heats up the buns and patties. When it’s ready, a robot ‘waiter’ brings out their takeout bag.
‘This is the first time I’ve actually seen such robots, so they are really amazing and fun,’ Shin Hyun Soo, an office worker at No Brand in Seoul for the first time, told the AP.
Human workers add toppings to the burgers and wrap them up in takeout bags before passing them over to yellow-and-black serving robots, which have been compared to Minions.
Also in Korea, the Italian restaurant chain Mad for Garlic is using serving robots even for sit-down customers. Using 3D space mapping and other technology, the electronic ‘waiter,’ known as Aglio Kim, navigates between tables with up to five orders. Mad for Garlic manager Lee Young-ho said kids especially like the robots, which can carry up to 66lbs in their trays.
These catering robots look nothing like their human counterparts – in fact they are nothing more than glorified food trolleys so using our thumb rule from the movies, mankind is safe from imminent takeover but clearly Korean hospitality sector workers’ jobs are not.
And right there is the dichotomy – replacement by stealth. Remote-controlled robotic waiters and waitresses don’t need to be paid, they don’t go on strike and they don’t spread disease so it’s a sure bet their army is already on the march.
But there may be more redundancies on the way as well. Have you noticed how AI designers have an inability to use words of more than one syllable? So ‘robot’ has become ‘bot’ and ‘android’ simply ‘droid? Well, guys, if you continue to build machines ultimately smarter than yourselves you ‘rons may find yourself surplus to requirements too – that’s ‘moron’ to us polysyllabic humans”!