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Ten Commandments for a modern-day young Kgosi


We live in an era where bogosi is under scrutiny more than ever before because many young people question its relevance in the modern world.

There is no doubt that before independence, dikgosi or bogosi helped a great deal to build our nation and it is a fact that a large number of Batswana still embrace this age old institution. Here are some of important ‘10 Commandments’ for young dikgosi that might make their reign more appealing.  

Never be haughty and think you are better than your subjects because they can either make or break you. Young dikgosi should know that although they have been given an opportunity to lead their subjects, they must learn to be humble because it is only humility that can help them to reach lofty places. Don’t refuse to shake hands with your subjects because they might think you regard them as lesser human beings. Make sure that you interact with both the poor and the rich equally and never decline a meal from a poor man’s table.

Never shun the counsel of the tribal elders, borara, because they are like vessels that contain nuggets of wisdom. Don’t be like the Biblical king who shunned the counsel of the elders, preferring to take advice of silly, young men, which led to the demise of his kingdom. Age and experience has given the elders wisdom and good character so they are better placed to help you adjudicate cases. Young people are likely to give you advice that might split the morafe because they like making rushed the decisions. Having said that, when it comes to matter of technology and advancing the morafe economically, the young people are the people to turn to for advice.  

Let it be your top priority to empower the less advantaged in your community more especially the youth and the women. The youth are the future of any morafe, so if you empower them, you are securing a better future for your people. There is a Setswana saying that says, “Mosadi, thari ya sechaba”, loosely meaning that a woman is the chief builder of her community or nation, so if you invest in empowering the women in your community, be rest assured that you are building a strong community.

Empower yourself by getting an education. Those days of dikgosi being the dullest members of the society are over. Read for a course that will help you be a good administrator and an able ‘judge’ of cases presented before you. A course in public administration and law even if they are of lower levels are most certainly the right tools for a chief. A course in counselling can also come in handy for a Kgosi and if time allows get a licence to be a marriage officer. We have heard cases in which dikgosi sentenced people to death for trivial offences, a little education can help a Kgosi know that this is beyond his jurisdiction.

Be a visionary, who thirsts to see development among your people. In the first five years of your tenure, you must set up outstanding development projects in your community. Farming cooperatives are known to be good for improving the economy of many societies if they are properly run and they are known to help fight unemployment. If possible, set up a resource centre where people can get library and internet services. Be actively involved in bringing development into your community and if time allows, supervise some of the projects and be ready to roll up your sleeves and do physical work. A great leader does not wait for government to do everything for his community. Write down a development plan for your community and share it with your people.

Don’t be involved in politics as this could sour your relationship with the people you lead in the process. If you politicise everything as a Kgosi, this might cloud your judgement and you might find yourself grappling in matters that might hamper the growth of your community. Learn to work well with the political leaders in your community despite your political inclination as this is important for the development of your people.

As a modern Kgosi, you must be in a relationship with only one woman and that’s your wife or girlfriend. We have seen even from the Bible, how great men like Solomon fell from grace because of being involved with too many women. Don’t consider your village or kingdom a harem where you could be involved with as many women as possible because that can’t be good for you. Don’t strongly desire things that belong to the community because you might end up stealing them or acquiring them in a questionable manner and landing in trouble in the process. Don’t give your rivals a lever to usurp bogosi from you because of poor administration, whether you like it or not, there are people who are always waiting in the sidelines hoping to remove you from your position.

 Make sure that there is law and order in your community. Teach your subjects to respect each other and let proper protocol be followed in community events like Kgotla meetings, funerals and wedding ceremonies. Remember, our forebears say, “Naga e senang khudutlou, bo lebeto ba ipha naga” loosely meaning, where there is no proper authority and protocol, there is lawlessness.

 Your must always present yourself in a manner that will not bring your good office into disrepute. Make sure you are always smart and appropriately dressed for different occasions. A poorly dressed Kgosi brings mockery upon himself. Never overindulge in public because your subjects are going to see your nakedness. Avoid drinking too much alcohol in public because you might start behaving in a way that you won’t be able to face your subjects the following day.

Don’t practice gluttony because a Kgosi who eats too much is always a laughing stock of his subjects. Make sure that your office and your house is always clean because you are bound to host dignitaries of a higher standing than you. If you live in a clean environment, you won’t have to do a walk of shame if you get a surprise visit from a high profile person.

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Export Processing Zones: How to Get SEZA to Sizzle

23rd September 2020
Export Processing Zone (EPZ) factory in Kenya

In 2005, the Business & Economic Advisory Council (BEAC) pitched the idea of the establishment of Special Economic Zones (SEZs) to the Mogae Administration.

It took five years before the SEZ policy was formulated, another five years before the relevant law was enacted, and a full three years before the Special Economic Zones Authority (SEZA) became operational.

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Egypt Bagged Again

23rd September 2020

… courtesy of infiltration stratagem by Jehovah-Enlil’s clan

With the passing of Joshua’s generation, General Atiku, the promised peace and prosperity of a land flowing with milk and honey disappeared, giving way to chaos and confusion.

Maybe Joshua himself was to blame for this shambolic state of affairs. He had failed to mentor a successor in the manner Moses had mentored him. He had left the nation without a central government or a human head of state but as a confederacy of twelve independent tribes without any unifying force except their Anunnaki gods.

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23rd September 2020

If I say the word ‘robot’ to you,  I can guess what would immediately spring to mind –  a cute little Android or animal-like creature with human or pet animal characteristics and a ‘heart’, that is to say to say a battery, of gold, the sort we’ve all seen in various movies and  tv shows.  Think R2D2 or 3CPO in Star Wars, Wall-E in the movie of the same name,  Sonny in I Robot, loveable rogue Bender in Futurama,  Johnny 5 in Short Circuit…

Of course there are the evil ones too, the sort that want to rise up and eliminate us  inferior humans – Roy Batty in Blade Runner, Schwarzenegger’s T-800 in The Terminator,  Box in Logan’s Run,  Police robots in Elysium and  Otomo in Robocop.

And that’s to name but a few.  As a general rule of thumb, the closer the robot is to human form, the more dangerous it is and of course the ultimate threat in any Sci-Fi movie is that the robots will turn the tables and become the masters, not the mechanical slaves.  And whilst we are in reality a long way from robotic domination, there are an increasing number of examples of  robotics in the workplace.

ROBOT BLOODHOUNDS Sometimes by the time that one of us smells something the damage has already begun – the smell of burning rubber or even worse, the smell of deadly gas. Thank goodness for a robot capable of quickly detecting and analyzing a smell from our very own footprint.

A*Library Bot The A*Star (Singapore) developed library bot which when books are equipped with RFID location chips, can scan shelves quickly seeking out-of-place titles.  It manoeuvres with ease around corners, enhances the sorting and searching of books, and can self-navigate the library facility during non-open hours.

DRUG-COMPOUNDING ROBOT Automated medicine distribution system, connected to the hospital prescription system. It’s goal? To manipulate a large variety of objects (i.e.: drug vials, syringes, and IV bags) normally used in the manual process of drugs compounding to facilitate stronger standardisation, create higher levels of patient safety, and lower the risk of hospital staff exposed to toxic substances.

AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY ROBOTS Applications include screw-driving, assembling, painting, trimming/cutting, pouring hazardous substances, labelling, welding, handling, quality control applications as well as tasks that require extreme precision,

AGRICULTURAL ROBOTS Ecrobotix, a Swiss technology firm has a solar-controlled ‘bot that not only can identify weeds but thereafter can treat them. Naio Technologies based in southwestern France has developed a robot with the ability to weed, hoe, and assist during harvesting. Energid Technologies has developed a citrus picking system that retrieves one piece of fruit every 2-3 seconds and Spain-based Agrobot has taken the treachery out of strawberry picking. Meanwhile, Blue River Technology has developed the LettuceBot2 that attaches itself to a tractor to thin out lettuce fields as well as prevent herbicide-resistant weeds. And that’s only scratching the finely-tilled soil.

INDUSTRIAL FLOOR SCRUBBERS The Global Automatic Floor Scrubber Machine boasts a 1.6HP motor that offers 113″ water lift, 180 RPM and a coverage rate of 17,000 sq. ft. per hour

These examples all come from the aptly-named site    because while these functions are labour-saving and ripe for automation, the increasing use of artificial intelligence in the workplace will undoubtedly lead to increasing reliance on machines and a resulting swathe of human redundancies in a broad spectrum of industries and services.

This process has been greatly boosted by the global pandemic due to a combination of a workforce on furlough, whether by decree or by choice, and the obvious advantages of using virus-free machines – I don’t think computer viruses count!  For example, it was suggested recently that their use might have a beneficial effect in care homes for the elderly, solving short staffing issues and cheering up the old folks with the novelty of having their tea, coffee and medicines delivered by glorified model cars.  It’s a theory, at any rate.

Already, customers at the South-Korean  fast-food chain No Brand Burger can avoid any interaction with a human server during the pandemic.  The chain is using robots to take orders, prepare food and bring meals out to diners.  Customers order and pay via touchscreen, then their request is sent to the kitchen where a cooking machine heats up the buns and patties. When it’s ready, a robot ‘waiter’ brings out their takeout bag.   

‘This is the first time I’ve actually seen such robots, so they are really amazing and fun,’ Shin Hyun Soo, an office worker at No Brand in Seoul for the first time, told the AP. 

Human workers add toppings to the burgers and wrap them up in takeout bags before passing them over to yellow-and-black serving robots, which have been compared to Minions. 

Also in Korea, the Italian restaurant chain Mad for Garlic is using serving robots even for sit-down customers. Using 3D space mapping and other technology, the electronic ‘waiter,’ known as Aglio Kim, navigates between tables with up to five orders.  Mad for Garlic manager Lee Young-ho said kids especially like the robots, which can carry up to 66lbs in their trays.

These catering robots look nothing like their human counterparts – in fact they are nothing more than glorified food trolleys so using our thumb rule from the movies, mankind is safe from imminent takeover but clearly  Korean hospitality sector workers’ jobs are not.

And right there is the dichotomy – replacement by stealth.  Remote-controlled robotic waiters and waitresses don’t need to be paid, they don’t go on strike and they don’t spread disease so it’s a sure bet their army is already on the march.

But there may be more redundancies on the way as well.  Have you noticed how AI designers have an inability to use words of more than one syllable?  So ‘robot’ has become ‘bot’ and ‘android’ simply ‘droid?  Well, guys, if you continue to build machines ultimately smarter than yourselves you ‘rons  may find yourself surplus to requirements too – that’s ‘moron’ to us polysyllabic humans”!

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