If Adapa was the first human to undertake a space trip, the second was Etana if we are to go by Sumerian accounts. Etana, as we have already related, was Cain’s firstborn son who sadly has been completely ignored by the writers of Genesis when he was quite an epochal figure as monarchical successor to his father and ruler of the city-state Kish.
Exactly when Etana went to Nibiru is not that clear-cut in the Sumerian records, which can be quite difficult to time in some cases given that some of the events were couched in legendary style. Some chroniclers in fact put the advent of Etana after the Deluge, which doesn’t make sense at all.
The Sumerian King List says Etana was one of 23 kings of Kish who together ruled for a total of 24,510 years. The Deluge happened only 13,000 years ago. Etana’s time therefore could not have been post-diluvial. In any case, the Kish dynasty would have ruled for far much longer than that if we take into account the fact that some figures given by ancient historians were substantially reduced by some mathematical factor.
We did at one stage give the example of Noah, in terms of whom the Bible says the Deluge happened when he was 600 years old but which Berossus puts at a time when he was 36,000 years old – a figure clearly arrived at by multiplying 600 by a factor of 60. It is important, therefore, not to be very dogmatic about figures we encounter in ancient history: they are not unassailably conclusive.
Etana’s saga is narrated in a Sumerian text dubbed The Epic of Etana. He’s said to have been a very popular king who united all the city-states of the Edin, Eden in the Bible. Now, Kish was controlled not by Enkites but Enlilites. Thus unlike Cain, who was a diehard Enkite although he ruled in Kish (the Enlilites called him Arwium, meaning “serpent”, in mockery), Etana was very much a protégé of the Enlilites. He was particularly loved by the notoriously sex-crazed Inanna-Ishtar and was highly valued by her twin-brother Utu-Shamash. The Enlilites had such a sway on Etana that Enki, his paternal grandfather, could not hide his resentment.
Etana had a wife he valued greatly but she was unable to sustain conception because of repeated miscarriages. The Enkites in Enki and his genius son Ningishzidda, not to mention Ninmah, would have easily taken care of this handicap given their mastery of genetics and medicine but they were seemingly repulsed by Etana’s disproportionate allegiance to the Enlilites and so simply looked the other way. Etana, however, badly needed a heir and the Enlilites told him on planet Nibiru grew a fruit-of-the-womb plant known as the Plant of Birth. Soon Etana was put on a spaceship to Nibiru.
When the rocket was space-borne and Earth had disappeared from view, Etana like Adapa before him grew cold feet and demanded that the he be returned to Earth forthwith. In the process, there was a glitch and the spaceship found itself headed for a catastrophic plunge into the wall of a waterfalls. When Inanna-Ishtar got the news on radio, she put her space-navigation skills for which she was renowned to use and Etana’s spaceship was diverted into a grove, where it crash-landed but without fatalities. Etana did finally get to have a heir but how this came about is not addressed in the epic.
THE MERGER OF THE CAINITE AND SETHIAN LINES
Since Etana’s line did not lead to the iconic Noah, it does not at all feature in the Old Testament. Instead, it is that of his younger brother Enoch I and that of his cousin Seth that do. GENESIS 4 and 5 talk about the genealogies of the Cainite and Sethian lines. There are two features that are particularly arresting about the two genealogies. The first is that the names are so uncannily similar, an aspect we have already noted and pronounced upon. The second is that the writers of Genesis show a unabashed ambivalence towards the Cainite line. They at once exalt it and scoff at it.
Since the Cainites (the descendants of Cain) were Enkites, they were extraordinarily gifted thanks to Enki’s super genes. Jubal, for example, was a most entrancing musician, like Enki was, and Tubal-Cain was the most accomplished craftsman of his generation – that is, a master metallurgist – like Enki was. This the Levites, the authors of Genesis, duly recognise. On the other hand, they make a point of calling attention to the fact that the Cainites were a wicked lot.
A certain Lamech is recorded as boasting to his wives that he killed two men and that anybody who would be so foolhardy as to exact vengeance on him would earn himself 70 times the wrath of God. What is ironic, though, is that Lamech was of the conjoined Cainite and Sethian (the descendants of Seth) lines, the reason he features on both lists. How did the two lines merge and why? We did touch on this element at some point but did not sufficiently dwell on it. It thus behoves us to flesh out the argument further.
The Levites were Jews and the Jews were Enlil’s chosen people, Enlil being the most prominent Jehovah/Yahweh as he was Earth’s Chief Executive, initially substantively and in due course only in a patriarchal sense as other members of the Anunnaki pantheon also had their chances at being an Enlil (remember Enlil was simply a title for the Anunnaki ruler of Earth: his own name according to some ancient records was Anen).
We have already related that Adapa, Enki’s son with an Earthling woman, was the first Priest-King of the Earthlings, the Sanga-lugal or Melchizedek. When he died, he was succeeded by Cain. Cain was in turn succeeded by his firstborn son Etana. However, Etana’s line did not lead to Noah, the hero of the Deluge. The line that led to Noah was that of Enoch I, Cain’s second-born son. This is the line that in turn led to Shem, whose descendants, the Jewish people, found favour with Enlil.
As such, Etana’s line became obscure and Enoch I’s line became preeminent, just as Esau’s line became obscure and that of Jacob, his younger brother who appropriated the birthright from him, became preeminent. It was all politics at play rather than merit, consistent with the Enlilites’ characteristic divide and rule stratagem.
Meanwhile, Cain’s younger brother Seth began his own line through his firstborn son Enshi, Enosh in the Bible. Seth also had a second-born child, a daughter called Noam. Now, Seth was the favourite of the Enlilites because unlike Cain, who was fathered by Enki, he was fathered by Adapa and so was easier to co-opt into their faction.
The Enlilite thus wanted his offspring to have a genetic stake in the ruling line. That was only possible if his line merged with Cain’s royal line. As such, a uniting intermarriage was orchestrated. Enoch I and Noam came together in holy matrimony. It is the resultant conjoined line that led to Noah and to Shem.
You will now understand why in Genesis the Cainite line and Sethian line for the most part carry identical names. They were the same people. But since Cain was an Enkite, the pro-Enlil authors of Genesis wanted to give the spurious impression that the Jews sprang from Seth alone and had nothing to do with Cain. In order to create and embed this fiction, they gave two separate Cainite and Sethian lines when in truth the two lines did integrate into one bloodline from the very beginning with the marriage of cousins Enoch I from the Cainite line and Noam from the Sethian line.
If Cain hadn’t been the carrier of the royal gene, his name wouldn’t have come into the mix in the genealogical passages. He would have been ignored altogether. But it was essential to feature him because it was he who lent legitimacy to the conjoined line. Sadly, Christendom has missed this most fundamental of truths and simply dismissed Cain as no more than a cold-blooded murderer.
THE INCEPTION OF WORSHIP
Although the Anunnaki were not gods, humans worshipped them anyway and we continue to worship them today, albeit unwittingly for most. Every time a Christian kneels down to worship Jehovah, scarcely is he or she aware that they are worshipping an Anunnaki being, principally Enlil. Other mainstream religions worship the same Anunnaki gods under different names. The world’s most worshipped gods are Enlil and his second-born son Nannar-Sin, who is the god of the most influential religion in the Middle East.
On their part, the ancients did not worship the Anunnaki at all. This is the generation from Adam to Cain I’m talking about. The Anunnaki came to Earth about 445,000 years ago and created mankind about 300,000 years ago. Yet they were not worshipped by Earthlings until about 95,000 years ago. Initially, there was no worship: there was only workship. Humans were created to serve the Anunnaki, to work for them, and not to worship them.
Even when Adapa became Earth’s first Priest-King, none of his obligations entailed worshipping the Anunnaki. A priest was a shepherd or trustee. That is to say, he took care of the human “flock” on behalf of the Anunnaki. This was not a religious role: it was a jurisprudential role, whereby he saw to it that they unfailingly abided by codes of conduct and civilised norms. That role changed 95,000 years ago to become a religious role. Exactly what happened 95,000 years ago to bring about such a seismic shift?
It was the birth of Enosh to Seth and his Anunnaki wife Kalimath. Of the third generation from Adapa, this being Cain’s sons Etana and Seth’s son Enosh, Enosh was the most human in that he had the least amount of Anunnaki blood coursing in his veins. The name Enosh actually means “Human” in Hebrew but in a demeaning sense as it has connotations of one who is frail or mortal, like we sometimes say “I’m only human” when we perpetrate an outrageous act. Thus the name Enosh was a disparagement. Its other connotation was that of a “commoner”. This was to contrast him with the Cainite line, which was an aristocratic line by virtual of carrying much more Anunnaki blood.
Since Enosh was of a lesser standing genetically, the Enlilites decided to turn him into their worshipper. It was during his advent that mankind began to worship the Anunnaki. GENESIS 4:36 underscores that when it says, “To Seth also a son was born, and he called his name Enosh. At that time people began to call upon the name of the LORD.” Worship of the Anunnaki folks was instituted not by Enki but by Enlil.
From the time Enosh became of age at 12 years old, the Enlilites took him under their wing. They based him at Nippur, Enlil’s cult centre in the Edin, where he was taught three things basically. The first were the rites of worship, all the ceremonies and rituals that were required in the worship of Enlil. The second was to prepare the perfumes for anointing humans who would be brought before the presence of Enlil, a task that Enlil entrusted to Nannar-Sin. The third was to prepare a medicinal potion from what was called the Inbu fruit.
This potion was meant to power the libido of the Anunnaki for we learn from the Epic of Gilgamesh that the nymphomaniacal Inanna-Ishtar begged the well-endowed Gilgamesh to “give me of your Inbu fruit”, that is, make love to her. The skill of preparing the Inbu potion was imparted to Enosh by Ishkur-Adad, Enlil’s youngest son.
Be that as it may, the conduct of worship in Anunnaki days was different from that of our day. In Anunnaki times, people went not to a church or temple: they went to the home of the Anunnaki god himself. And once there, they did not process into the house but simply hovered within the wider premises.
The worship itself was not prayer or supplication: it was simply paying homage, like tourists do when they visit Buckingham Palace, and singing praise and thanksgiving songs. Whatever needs the people wanted to present before the Anunnaki god was done through the Priest-King. It was he only who was allowed to enter the house of the god. Even then, he did not do this alone: he was presented before the god by one member of the Anunnaki pantheon.
THE LINE OF ADAPA
From Adapa to Noah, there were ten generations. Adapa (born about 110,000 years ago) fathered Cain (legally, that is, as he was Enki’s biological son), Abel, and Seth. This was the second generation. Cain begot Etana and Enoch I, whereas Seth (born 103,000 years ago) begot Enosh (95,000 years ago). These marked the third generation.
Enoch I married Noam, Seth’s daughter, to integrate the Cainite and Sethian lines. About 92,000 years ago, the couple had a son Kunin (Cainan in the Bible). Kunin marked the fourth generation. “Kunin, He of the Kilns, his name had the meaning,” relates Enki in The Lost Book of Enki. “For by Ninurta in Bad-Tibira he was tutored, of furnace and kiln there he learned. How with bitumens fires to make, how to smelt and refine he was taught; in the smelting and refining of gold for Nibiru he and his offspring toiled. In the 98th shar did this matter come about.”
Approximately 89,000 years ago, Kunin fathered a son with his half-sister Mualit. His name was Malalu (Mahalaleel/Mehujael in Genesis). “He Who Plays, his name meant,” says Enki. “In music and song he excelled. For him Ninurta a stringed harp made, a flute for him he shaped. Hymns to Ninurta Malalu played, with his daughters before Ninurta they sang.” Malalu was the fifth generation Adapite.
Malalu married his paternal cousin Dunna, by whom he had a son called Irid (Jared/Irad in the Bible). This was 85,000 years ago. Jared meant “He of the sweet waters”. Of him, Enki says, “Dumuzi how wells to dig had taught, for flocks in distant meadows water to provide”. Jared marked the sixth generation since Adapa.
Like Malalu, Jared married his paternal cousin Baraka and about 79,000 years ago the couple had a son they named Enkime, known as Enoch in the Bible and the apocryphal books. We may as well dub him Enoch II to distinguish him from Enoch the son of Cain. Enoch II marked the seventh generation.
Just under 71,000 years ago came a eighth generation Adapite, born to Enoch II and his wife Edinni. He was named Matushal (Methuselah in the Bible). His name meant “God’s Helper”. Enoch II was the father of Lumach (Lamech in the Bible), born about 56,000 years ago, when Adapa died. Adapa thus was alive through the first nine generations of his progeny. The name Lumach meant “Mighty Man”.
Finally came the tenth generational, the most famous of Adapa’s offspring. This was Ziusudra, meaning “Wise Man”. In the Bible, Ziusudra is known as Noah, the hero of that infamous globalwide flood that decimated the population of mankind. Noah was born to Lamech and his wife Batanash 49,000 years ago, but there is a biological twist to the circumstances surrounding his conception courtesy of Enki that we will address at the appropriate time.
We see, therefore, that between the birth of Adapa and the birth of Noah, about 61,200 years passed. The progenitor of the line himself, Adapa, lived for about 55,800 years. The year of Cain’s death is not known but since he was alive when Adapa died, he too must have lived for nearly as long as Adapa. As we have long pointed out, the ages we read in Genesis were microscoped by a certain mathematical factor: they were not literal as the Adapite line lived for thousands of years thanks to the ingestion of Star Fire.
Seventy-seven years ago, on the evening of December 2, 1943, the Germans launched a surprise air raid on allied shipping in the Italian port of Bari, which was then the key supply centre for the British 8th army’s advance in Italy.
The attack was spearheaded by 105 Junkers JU88 bombers under the overall command of the infamous Air Marshal Wolfram von Richthofen (who had initially achieved international notoriety during the Spanish Civil War for his aerial bombardment of Guernica). In a little over an hour the German aircraft succeeded in sinking 28 transport and cargo ships, while further inflicting massive damage to the harbour’s facilities, resulting in the port being effectively put out of action for two months.
Over two thousand ground personnel were killed during the raid, with the release of a secret supply of mustard gas aboard one of the destroyed ships contributing to the death toll, as well as subsequent military and civilian casualties. The extent of the later is a controversy due to the fact that the American and British governments subsequently covered up the presence of the gas for decades.
At least five Batswana were killed and seven critically wounded during the raid, with one of the wounded being miraculously rescued floating unconscious out to sea with a head wound. He had been given up for dead when he returned to his unit fourteen days later. The fatalities and casualties all occurred when the enemy hit an ammunition ship adjacent to where 24 Batswana members of the African Pioneer Corps (APC) 1979 Smoke Company where posted.
Thereafter, the dozen surviving members of the unit distinguished themselves for their efficiency in putting up and maintaining smokescreens in their sector, which was credited with saving additional shipping. For his personal heroism in rallying his men following the initial explosions Company Corporal Chitu Bakombi was awarded the British Empire Medal, while his superior officer, Lieutenant N.F. Moor was later given an M.B.E.
Remember: bricks and cement are used to build a house, but mutual love, respect and companionship are used to build a HOME. And amongst His signs is this: He creates for you mates out of your own kind, so that you may find contentment (Sukoon) with them, and He engenders love and tenderness between you; in this behold, there are signs (messages) indeed for people who reflect and think (Quran 30:21).
This verse talks about contentment; this implies companionship, of their being together, sharing together, supporting one another and creating a home of peace. This verse also talks about love between them; this love is both physical and emotional. For love to exist it must be built on the foundation of a mutually supportive relationship guided by respect and tenderness. As the Quran says; ‘they are like garments for you, and you are garments for them (Quran 2:187)’. That means spouses should provide each other with comfort, intimacy and protection just as clothing protects, warms and dignifies the body.
In Islam marriage is considered an ‘ibaadah’, (an act of pleasing Allah) because it is about a commitment made to each other, that is built on mutual love, interdependence, integrity, trust, respect, companionship and harmony towards each other. It is about building of a home on an Islamic foundation in which peace and tranquillity reigns wherein your offspring are raised in an atmosphere conducive to a moral and upright upbringing so that when we all stand before Him (Allah) on that Promised Day, He will be pleased with them all.
Most marriages start out with great hopes and rosy dreams; spouses are truly committed to making their marriages work. However, as the pressures of life mount, many marriages change over time and it is quite common for some of them to run into problems and start to flounder as the reality of living with a spouse that does not meet with one’s pre-conceived ‘expectations’. However, with hard work and dedication, couples can keep their marriages strong and enjoyable. How is it done? What does it take to create a long-lasting, satisfying marriage?
Below are some of the points that have been taken from a marriage guidance article I read recently and adapted for this purposes.
POSITIVITY Spouses should have far more positive than negative interactions. If there is too much negativity — criticizing, demanding, name-calling, holding grudges, etc. — the relationship will suffer. However, if there is never any negativity, it probably means that frustrations and grievances are not getting ‘air time’ and unresolved tension is accumulating inside one or both partners waiting to ‘explode’ one day.
“Let not some men among you laugh at others: it may be that the (latter) are better than the (former): nor let some women laugh at others: it may be that the (latter) are better than the (former): nor defame nor be sarcastic to each other, nor call each other by (offensive) nicknames.” (49:11)
We all have our individual faults though we may not see them nor want to admit to them but we will easily identify them in others. The key is balance between the two extremes and being supportive of one another. To foster positivity in a marriage that help make them stable and happy, being affectionate, truly listening to each other, taking joy in each other’s achievements and being playful are just a few examples of positive interactions. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “The believers who show the most perfect faith are those who have the best character and the best of you are those who are best to their wives”
Another characteristic of happy marriages is empathy; understanding your spouses’ perspective by putting oneself in his or her shoes. By showing that understanding and identifying with your spouse is important for relationship satisfaction. Spouses are more likely to feel good about their marriage and if their partner expresses empathy towards them. Husbands and wives are more content in their relationships when they feel that their partners understand their thoughts and feelings.
Successful married couples grow with each other; it simply isn’t wise to put any person in charge of your happiness. You must be happy with yourself before anyone else can be. You are responsible for your actions, your attitudes and your happiness. Your spouse just enhances those things in your life. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “Treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and committed helpers.”
Successful marriages involve both spouses’ commitment to the relationship. The married couple should learn the art of compromise and this usually takes years. The largest parts of compromise are openness to the other’s point of view and good communication when differences arise.
When two people are truly dedicated to making their marriage work, despite the unavoidable challenges and obstacles that come, they are much more likely to have a relationship that lasts. Husbands and wives who only focus on themselves and their own desires are not as likely to find joy and satisfaction in their relationships.
Another basic need in a relationship is each partner wants to feel valued and respected. When people feel that their spouses truly accept them for who they are, they are usually more secure and confident in their relationships. Often, there is conflict in marriage because partners cannot accept the individual preferences of their spouses and try to demand change from one another. When one person tries to force change from another, he or she is usually met with resistance.
However, change is much more likely to occur when spouses respect differences and accept each other unconditionally. Basic acceptance is vital to a happy marriage. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “It is the generous (in character) who is good to women, and it is the wicked who insults them.” “Overlook (any human faults) with gracious forgiveness.” (Quran 15:85)
COMPASSION, MUTUAL LOVE AND RESPECT
Other important components of successful marriages are love, compassion and respect for each other. The fact is, as time passes and life becomes increasingly complicated, the marriage is often stressed and suffers as a result. A happy and successful marriage is based on equality. When one or the other dominates strongly, intimacy is replaced by fear of displeasing.
It is all too easy for spouses to lose touch with each other and neglect the love and romance that once came so easily. It is vital that husbands and wives continue to cultivate love and respect for each other throughout their lives. If they do, it is highly likely that their relationships will remain happy and satisfying. Move beyond the fantasy and unrealistic expectations and realize that marriage is about making a conscious choice to love and care for your spouse-even when you do not feel like it.
Seldom can one love someone for whom we have no respect. This also means that we have to learn to overlook and forgive the mistakes of one’s partner. In other words write the good about your partner in stone and the bad in dust, so that when the wind comes it blows away the bad and only the good remains.
Paramount of all, marriage must be based on the teachings of the Noble Qur’an and the teachings and guidance of our Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). To grow spiritually in your marriage requires that you learn to be less selfish and more loving, even during times of conflict. A marriage needs love, support, tolerance, honesty, respect, humility, realistic expectations and a sense of humour to be successful.
The past week or two has been a mixed grill of briefs in so far as the national employment picture is concerned. BDC just injected a further P64 million in Kromberg & Schubert, the automotive cable manufacturer and exporter, to help keep it afloat in the face of the COVID-19-engendered global economic apocalypse. The financial lifeline, which follows an earlier P36 million way back in 2017, hopefully guarantees the jobs of 2500, maybe for another year or two.
It was also reported that a bulb manufacturing company, which is two years old and is youth-led, is making waves in Selibe Phikwe. Called Bulb Word, it is the only bulb manufacturing operation in Botswana and employs 60 people. The figure is not insignificant in a town that had 5000 jobs offloaded in one fell swoop when BCL closed shop in 2016 under seemingly contrived circumstances, so that as I write, two or three buyers have submitted bids to acquire and exhume it from its stage-managed grave.