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Thursday, 18 April 2024

Hail King Cain!

Columns

Benson C Saili

THIS EARTH, MY BROTHER

 

He had a by far greater legacy and stature than the Bible gives him credit for

 
Before the banished Cain set out on a vagrant life across the world accompanied by a contingent of loyalists, he decided to get hitched first. This was crucial in that he did not wish to marry a stranger in the course of his wanderings and therefore dilute the royal bloodline, effectively disqualifying his offspring from contention in the succession stakes. Accordingly, he approached his biological father Enki to recommend a spouse as was the custom of the day.
 

The woman Enki chose for him was Luluwa, also known as Awan. Luluwa was a full-blooded Anunnaki, being the daughter of Enki himself and his fellow Anunnaki mistress Lilitu.   Since Lilitu was in turn related to Enlil as she was his granddaughter on her mother’s side, Luluwa had both Enlilite and Enkite blood coursing through her veins although the Enkite genes predominated considering that Lilitu’s father was Nergal, Enki’s second-born son.  The Anunnaki were so shamelessly incestuous one has to do a lot of mental gymnastics to come up with a flawless family tree.

 

Now, during his penal peregrinations, Cain was not permitted to settle in one particular place for long and establish a permanent settlement. He was also forbidden to cultivate land or erect brick-and-mortar structures as partially hinted in GENESIS 4:12.  This was in keeping with his sentence, which was to lead a nomadic life through six generations at the very least.  There was likely another reason for such proscriptions. Enlil didn’t want him to establish a flourishing domain of his own that could rival the Edin for supremacy.  The notion of two centres of power on one planet was anathema both to Anu and Enlil.

 

Thus it was that as he led a peripatetic life, Cain, who began as a tiller of land in the Middle East, was at various stages a Bedouin-like nomadic tent dweller who tended flocks, a musical entertainer, and a metallurgist. The musical prowess was of course inherited from Enki, who, Sumerian records tell us, was the Anunnaki’s most proficient musician (Enki excelled at everything, the only such being of his era). Metallurgy, of which alchemy (turning of the ORME elements into the versatile monoatomic white powder of gold) was a component, was a specialty of the Enkites. Enki was the “master of the craft”, described in the Sumerian chronicles as “the manifestation of knowledge and the craftsman par excellence”. By “craft” is meant all sorts of occupational arts.

 

According to Enki’s reminiscences, titled The Lost Book of Enki  by Zechariah Sitchin, it took approximately 50,000 years for Cain’s banishment to lapse. This was in the time of Lamech, Noah’s father. By that time, there had been seven generations counting from Adapa and so it was all consistent with the duration of the curse as pronounced by Enlil.  The cessation of the curse came at a time when Cain was dwelling in the Americas and had had a second-born dynastic son who was probably 30-40,000 years old. His name was Enoch, meaning “foundation”. What evidence is there that Cain did indeed venture as far as the Americas?

 

CAIN ESTABLISHES MEXICO CITY, FOUNDS A NEW RACE

 

Besides Cain and Abel, Adapa and Titi-Eve had other children. Altogether, they had 60 children, comprising of 30 sons and 30 daughters. The most prominent of these after Cain and Abel was Seth, their third son.

 

When Adapa was advancing in years, his health began to fail.  Soon he lost his sight. Knowing that he was staring death in the face, he asked to see all the members of his progeny, insisting that Cain too be fetched from wherever he was. Enki then detailed Ninurta, under whose tutelage Cain had been when he was a denizen of the Edin, to go look for him in his flying saucer.

 

With all his male offspring gathered, Adapa asked that Cain and Seth sit by him as the seniormost of the multigenerational brood.  Note that although Cain was biologically Enki’s son, legally he was Adapa’s son. Enlil, who was also present, then officially announced that Cain was no longer under a curse as it had run its course. With that declaration, Adapa proceeded to officially anoint Cain as his heir, the next King of Earthlings. A few years later, Adapa passed on.

 

Meanwhile, Cain had already established a city in today’s North America, which he began to develop in the very year his curse ceased to be operable.    In the British Museum is a Babylonian tablet catalogued BM 74329. It says, “A group of exiled people who were ‘plowmen’ … wandered and reached a land called DunnuThere,  their leader, named Ka'in, built a city whose landmark was a twin tower.” Indeed, Cain was a tiller of land (“ploughman”) and Genesis says he headed for the “Land of Nod”, which scholars interpret as simply meaning a state of endless wandering but which in truth may have been a corruption of the term Dunnu.

 

Zechariah Sitchin presents persuasive evidence that Dunnu was today’s Mexico City. He says the Aztec capital was known as Tenochtitlan, meaning “City of Tenoch”. This may well have been simply “Enoch” given the Aztecs’ orthographical tendency to prefix many words with the sound “T”. The non-canonical Book of Jasher (deliberately excluded from the Old Testament canon for one reason or another) says, “And at that time (when the curse was lifted), Cain also began to build a city: and he built the city and he called the name of the city Enoch, according to the name of his son; for in those days the Lord (Enlil) had given him rest upon the Earth, and he did not move about and wander as in the beginning.” The Babylonian tablet also says, “He (Kain) built in Dunnu a city with twin towers. Kain   dedicated to himself the lordship over the city.” Indeed, when the Spaniards arrived in and annexed the Aztec Empire (which extended from Central Mexico all the way to Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras) in the 16th century, they documented that the City of Enoch was distinguished by its twin-towered Aztec Temple.

 

Whilst in North America, Cain spawned a new race. We today call them Native Americans or Red Indians. In order to distinguish them from any other race on the planet, he called on his half-brother Ningishzidda, Enki’s genius son and a DNA expert, to  embed in them a gene that would prevent them from growing  a beard when they came of age. This certainly is what we see of Native Americans: they do not grow a beard at all unless they are of mixed blood. Sadly, this contrived genetic trait has been mistaken by scholars, who include Zechariah Sitchin himself, as the seemingly enigmatic Mark of Cain when it is far from that.     

 

Sitchin writes thus in his book Divine Encounters: “What was this ‘Mark of Cain’? The Bible does not say, and countless guesses are just that—guesses. Our own guess is that the mark might have been a genetic change, such as depriving the line of Cain of facial hair—a mark that would be immediately obvious to whoever shall find them …  This is a mark of recognition of Amerindians.” Tragically, this is a rather wild guess for as we demonstrated last time around, the Mark of Cain was a symbol of sovereignty over Earth. It identified Cain as the monarchical heir to Adapa.

 

CAIN IS KING OF EARTHLINGS

 

Following the death of Adapa, Cain returned to the Edin to succeed to the throne as the King of Earthlings (not King of Earth, please note, as that style was the preserve of Enlil, the primary Jehovah/Yahweh of the Bible).  However, instead of basing himself at Eridu, where Adapa ruled from, Cain chose to rule from a newly established city-state known as Kish. That was about 56,200 years ago, about 43,200 years before the Deluge of Noah’s day.

 

Because he was Enki’s son, the Enlilites scorned him as the “Serpent King”. Indeed, some Sumerian records refer to him as “Arwium King of Kish, the son of Masda, and successor to King Atabba (Adapa)”.  The Sumerian Arwium is the inspiration to the Hebrew Awwim, meaning “snakes”. Masda (Masenda) was another name of Enki. It meant “one who prostrates himself”, as a serpent does.

 

We have already explained the name Cain, or Kaen, in a Sumerian context (that is, “One begotten of the Lord”) but there is more to it than simply that. By some ancient accounts, the name Cain can also be rendered as Q’ayin, which in fact is the Hebrew spelling of the name. When the name is truncated to simply Ayin, it assumes the meaning “All-Seeing Eye”. This refers to Enki, who was known as “Lord of the Sacred Eye”. This is not a physical eye: it is the pineal gland, which metaphorically is said to be located between the two physical eyes behind the brow. The pineal gland is characterised as the All-Seeing Eye because it can perceive light (that is, illumination in the sense of metaphysical knowledge) out of the blackness of its situation. Enki, Ningishzidda, Adapa, and Cain – all Enkites or Serpentines – had a tremendous gift of intuitive perception, hence the adage “Be as Wise as Serpents”.  

 

Remarks Laurence Gardner on the subject: “Ayin is an ancient word for ’eye’. This spelling (a-y-i-n) is actually quite important because the original spelling of Cain (whether with a ‘C’, a ‘K’ or a ‘Q’) was not ‘C-a-i-n’ as we now know it, but ‘C-a-y-i-n’. The name Cain, in its various forms, actually denoted ‘One of the Inner Eye’ … Indeed, Cain’s father Enki-Samael was himself the Sumerians’ designated Lord of the Sacred Eye.”

 

The name Q’ayin also came to mean “smith”, a metal smith, owing to another field of Cain’s expertise.  Cain, as we hinted before, was a surpassing metallurgist. He was an artificer of metals of the highest order, a skill he passed on to some of his descendents, particularly the highly esteemed Tubal-Cain, Noah’s half-brother, who  has been described as “the greatest metallurgist of his age” and “an instructor of every artificer in brass and iron”.    

 

Furthermore, most people are not aware that both the terms King and Queen derive from Q’ayin. Kingship was actually Cainship. Let us again turn to the renowned bloodline historian Laurence Gardner: “From Kayin with a ‘K’ derived the word ‘King’, and from Qayin with a ‘Q’ derived the word ‘Queen’… Given that kingship (Malkhut) was perceived as a matrilineal inheritance through Tiamat (Adam’s wife Eve) and Lilith (Adapa’s renegade first wife Lilitu, whose daughter with Enki, Luluwa, became Cain’s wife) the name Q’ayin, identified with King, was also directly associated with Queen.”

 

Yet in the Bible, Cain is largely minimised and to a degree vilified (deliberately, by the pro-Enlil Levites, who wrote Genesis) when he was actually a colossus and a second-generation progenitor of the all-powerful bluebloods who continue to rule much of the Western world today. “The Merovingians (the across-the-centuries dynasty that emerged from the conjoined Davidic lines of Jesus and his immediate younger brother James)   trace their kingly succession to the original Dragon King, which was Cain,” writes Laurence Gardner.

 

“The first King of the Messianic Dragon succession was the biblical Cain, head of the Sumerian House of Kish …  The Dragon King was known as the King of Kings and his symbol, Draco (a serpent clutching its own tail, also known as the Ouroboros, a symbol of wholeness and wisdom) represented his succession through the Sumerian kings, Egyptian pharaohs, the Egyptian Therapeutae, the Qumran Essenes (from among whom Jesus arose) to the Merovingian kings of Europe.”

 

A VAIN BID TO SIDELINE CAINITE BLOODLINE

 

Although the Genesis writers tried their utmost to trivialise and sideline Cain (who was genetically superior being three-quarters Anunnaki), they did a very bad job of it ultimately.  From the get-go, their aim was to promote the unmerited line of his younger brother Seth (who was genetically inferior being less than half Anunnaki) but in the process they defeated this objective through very obvious, if amateurish bungling. How?

 

Let’s first of all recap a bit. Adapa’s senior wife was Lilitu, a pure-bred Anunnaki woman. But a prideful Lilitu did not have that much regard for Adapa as he was a Lulu – an Earthling. The man she had always craved was the iconic Enki, Adapa’s father. So after having given Adapa all sorts of spousal headaches, she eventually ditched him and threw herself at the feet of the Anunnaki phenom that was Enki. In the event, Lilitu and Enki had two daughters, Luluwa, also known as Awan, and Kalimath. Cain married Luluwa and Seth married Kalimath.

Cain and Luluwa had two sons. The first was Etana, and the second was Enoch I. Since he was the firstborn, it was Etana who succeeded after Cain as King of Kish and of Earthlings overall. In fact, there are five documented kings of Kish after Cain, all of whom stemmed from the Cainite stock. However, the Genesis writers completely ignored Etana’s kingly line, focussing instead on the junior line of Enoch I, whereas Sumerian genealogical records, which predated Genesis by at least 2500 years, rightly focus on Etana’s line, which eventually led to the pharaohs of Egypt.  The Genesis snub of Etana can be easily explained: Etana’s line did not lead to Noah, the hero of the Deluge. As such, the Genesis chroniclers decided to write the line out of history and promote the line that did – that of Enoch I.

 

The line of Cain through Enoch I is listed in GENESIS 4:17-18. It is Enoch I; Irad (Jared); Mehujael; Methuselah; and Lamech (if we were to include Adapa and Cain, this is a total of seven generations).

 

The line of Seth is recorded in GENESIS 4:26 and 5:1-25. What is striking about the Sethian line and what your pastor will never talk about is that five names in there are identical with those found in the Cainite line, only they are listed in a slightly different order and with slightly different spellings in some cases.  These are Enoch;  Jared; Mehujael; Methuselah;   and Lamech.  The only names particular to the Sethian line are Enosh and a certain Cainan. 

How can two different family lines carry practically the same names? This has led Israel’s Hebrew University to posit that “the line from Seth down to Noah as given in the Bible is probably mythical”. But it was not exactly mythical. It was simply grafted onto the Cainite line with a view to lend it legitimacy. Without the Cainite connection, the Sethian line would have been rendered immaterial. It was the Cainite connection that legitimised the Sethian line because it was the Cainite line that carried the gene of royalty.

Exactly how did the Sethian line genetically blend with the Cainite line?  That we unpack in a forthcoming piece.

 

NEXT WEEK: WHY DID ADAPA AND HIS SCIONS LIVE SO EXTRAORDINARILY LONG?

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GONE FISHING

28th March 2023

In recent years, using personal devices in working environments has become so commonplace it now has its own acronym, BOYD (Bring Your Own Device).  But as employees skip between corporate tools and personal applications on their own devices, their actions introduce a number of possible risks that should be managed and mitigated with careful consideration.  Consider these examples:

Si-lwli, a small family-run business in Wales, is arguably as niche a company as you could find, producing talking toys used to promote the Welsh language. Their potential market is small, with only some 300,000 Welsh language speakers in the world and in reality the business is really more of a hobby for the husband-and-wife team, who both still have day jobs.  Yet, despite still managing to be successful in terms of sales, the business is now fighting for survival after recently falling prey to cybercriminals. Emails between Si-Iwli and their Chinese suppliers were intercepted by hackers who altered the banking details in the correspondence, causing Si-Iwli to hand over £18,000 (around P ¼ m) to the thieves. That might not sound much to a large enterprise, but to a small or medium business it can be devastating.

Another recent SMB hacking story which appeared in the Wall Street Journal concerned Innovative Higher Ed Consulting (IHED) Inc, a small New York start-up with a handful of employees. IHED didn’t even have a website, but fraudsters were able to run stolen credit card numbers through the company’s payment system and reverse the charges to the tune of $27,000, around the same loss faced by Si-Iwli.  As the WSJ put it, the hackers completely destroyed the company, forcing its owners to fold.

And in May 2019, the city of Baltimore’s computer system was hit by a ransomware attack, with hackers using a variant called RobinHood. The hack, which has lasted more than a month, paralysed the computer system for city employees, with the hackers demanding a payment in Bitcoin to give access back to the city.

Of course, hackers target governments or business giants  but small and medium businesses are certainly not immune. In fact, 67% of SMBs reported that they had experienced a cyber attack across a period of 12 months, according to a 2018 survey carried out by security research firm Ponemon Institute. Additionally, Verizon issued a report in May 2019 that small businesses accounted for 43% of its reported data breaches.  Once seen as less vulnerable than PCs, smartphone attacks are on the rise, with movements like the Dark Caracal spyware campaign underlining the allure of mobile devices to hackers. Last year, the US Federal Trade Commission released a statement calling for greater education on mobile security, coming at a time when around 42% of all Android devices are believed to not carry the latest security updates.

This is an era when employees increasingly use their smartphones for work-related purposes so is your business doing enough to protect against data breaches on their employees’ phones? The SME Cyber Crime Survey 2018 carried out for risk management specialists AON showed that more than 80% of small businesses did not view this as a threat yet if as shown, 67% of SMBs were said to have been victims of hacking, either the stats are wrong or business owners are underestimating their vulnerability.  A 2019 report by PricewaterhouseCoopers suggests the latter, stating that the majority of global businesses are unprepared for cyber attacks.

Consider that a workstation no longer means a desk in an office: It can be a phone in the back of a taxi or Uber; a laptop in a coffee shop, or a tablet in an airport lounge.  Wherever the device is used, employees can potentially install applications that could be harmful to your business, even from something as seemingly insignificant as clicking on an accidental download or opening a link on a phishing email.  Out of the physical workplace, your employees’ activities might not have the same protections as they would on a company-monitored PC.

Yet many businesses not only encourage their employees to work remotely, but assume working from coffee shops, bookstores, and airports can boost employees’ productivity.  Unfortunately, many remote hot spots do not provide secure Wi-Fi so if your employee is accessing their work account on unsecured public Wi-Fi,  sensitive business data could be at risk. Furthermore, even if your employee uses a company smartphone or has access to company data through a personal mobile device, there is always a chance data could be in jeopardy with a lost or stolen device, even information as basic as clients’ addresses and phone numbers.

BOYDs are also at risk from malware designed to harm and infect the host system, transmittable to smartphones when downloading malicious third-party apps.  Then there is ransomware, a type of malware used by hackers to specifically take control of a system’s data, blocking access or threatening to release sensitive information unless a ransom is paid such as the one which affected Baltimore.  Ransomware attacks are on the increase,  predicted to occur every 14 seconds, potentially costing billions of dollars per year.

Lastly there is phishing – the cyber equivalent of the metaphorical fishing exercise –  whereby  cybercriminals attempt to obtain sensitive data –usernames, passwords, credit card details –usually through a phoney email designed to look legitimate which directs the user to a fraudulent website or requests the data be emailed back directly. Most of us like to think we could recognize a phishing email when we see it, but these emails have become more sophisticated and can come through other forms of communication such as messaging apps.

Bottom line is to be aware of the potential problems with BOYDs and if in doubt,  consult your IT security consultants.  You can’t put the own-device genie back in the bottle but you can make data protection one of your three wishes!

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“I Propose to Diana Tonight”

28th March 2023

About five days before Princess Diana and Dodi Al Fayed landed in Paris, General Atiku, a certain Edward Williams was taking a walk in a woods in the Welsh town of Mountain Ash. Williams, then 73, was a psychic of some renown. He had in the past foretold assassination attempts on US President Ronald Reagan, which occurred on March 30, 1981, and Pope John Paul II, which came to pass on May 13, 1981.

As he trudged the woods, Williams  had a sudden premonition that pointed to Diana’s imminent fate as per Christopher Andersen’s book The Day Diana Died. “When the vision struck me, it was as if everything around me was obscured and replaced by shadowy figures,” Williams was later to reminisce. “In the middle was the face of Princess Diana. Her expression was sad and full of pathos. She was wearing what looked like a floral dress with a short dark cardigan. But it was vague. I went cold with fear and knew it was a sign that she was in danger.”

Williams hastily beat a retreat to his home, which he shared with his wife Mary, and related to her his presentiment, trembling like an aspen leaf as he did so. “I have never seen him so upset,” Mary recounted. “He felt he was given a sign and when he came back from his walk he was deeply shaken.”

The following day, Williams frantically sauntered into a police station to inform the police of his premonition. The officer who attended to him would have dismissed him as no more than a crackpot but he treated him seriously in view of the accuracy of his past predictions. He  took a statement and immediately passed it on to the Special Branch Investigative  Unit.

The report read as follows:

“On 27 August, at 14:12 hrs, a man by the name of Edward Williams came to Mountain Ash police station. He said he was a psychic and predicted that Princess Diana was going to die. In previous years, he has predicted that the Pope and Ronald Reagan were going to be the victims of assassination attempts. On both occasions he was proved to be correct. Mr Williams appeared to be quite normal.”

Williams, General, was spot-on as usual: four days later, the princess was no more.

Meanwhile, General,  even as Dodi and Diana were making their way to the Fayed-owned Ritz Hotel in central Paris, British newspapers were awash with headlines that suggested Diana was kind of deranged. Writes Andrew Morton in Diana in Pursuit of Love: “In The Independent Diana was described as ‘a woman with fundamentally nothing to say about anything’. She was ‘suffering from a form of arrested development’. ‘Isn’t it time she started using her head?’ asked The Mail on Sunday. The Sunday Mirror printed a special supplement entitled ‘A Story of Love’; The News of the World claimed that William had demanded that Diana should split from Dodi: ‘William can’t help it, he just doesn’t like the man.’ William was reportedly ‘horrified’ and ‘doesn’t think Mr Fayed is good for his mother’ – or was that just the press projecting their own prejudices? The upmarket Sunday Times newspaper, which had first serialised my biography of the princess, now put her in the psychiatrist’s chair for daring to be wooed by a Muslim. The pop-psychologist Oliver James put Diana ‘On the Couch’, asking why she was so ‘depressed’ and desperate for love. Other tabloids piled in with dire prognostications – about Prince Philip’s hostility to the relationship, Diana’s prospect of exile, and the social ostracism she would face if she married Dodi.”

DIANA AND DODI AT THE RITZ

Before Diana and Dodi departed the Villa Windsor sometime after 16 hrs, General, one of Dodi’s bodyguards Trevor Rees-Jones furtively asked Diana as to what the programme for the evening was. This Trevor did out of sheer desperation as Dodi had ceased and desisted from telling members of his security detail, let alone anyone else for that matter, what his onward destination was for fear that that piece of information would be passed on to the paparazzi. Diana kindly obliged Trevor though her response was terse and scarcely revealing. “Well, eventually we will be going out to a restaurant”, that was all Diana said. Without advance knowledge of exactly what restaurant that was, Trevor and his colleagues’ hands were tied: they could not do a recce on it as was standard practice for the security team of a VIP principal.  Dodi certainly, General, was being recklessly by throwing such caution to the winds.

At about 16:30, Diana and Dodi drew up at the Ritz Hotel, where they were received by acting hotel manager Claude Roulet.  The front entrance of the hotel was already crawling with paparazzi, as a result of which the couple took the precaution of using the rear entrance, where hopefully they would make their entry unperturbed and unmolested. The first thing they did when they were ensconced in the now $10,000 a night Imperial Suite was to spend some time on their mobiles and set about touching base with friends, relations, and associates.  Diana called at least two people, her clairvoyant friend Rita Rogers and her favourite journalist Richard Kay of The Daily Mail.

Rita, General,  was alarmed that Diana had proceeded to venture to Paris notwithstanding the warning she had given Dodi and herself in relation to what she had seen of him  in the crystal ball when the couple had consulted her. When quizzed as to what the hell she indeed was doing in Paris at that juncture, Diana replied that she and Dodi had simply come to do some shopping, which though partially true was not the material reason they were there. “But Diana, remember what I told Dodi,” Rita said somewhat reprovingly. Diana a bit apprehensively replied, “Yes I remember. I will be careful. I promise.” Well,  she did not live up to her promise as we shall soon unpack General.

As for Richard Kay, Diana made known to him that, “I have decided I am going to radically change my life. I am going to complete my obligations to charities and to the anti-personnel land mines cause, but in November I want to completely withdraw from formal public life.”

Once she was done with her round of calls, Diana went down to the hair saloon by the hotel swimming pool to have her hair washed and blow-dried ahead of the scheduled evening dinner.

THE “TELL ME YES” RING IS DELIVERED

Since the main object of their Paris trip was to pick up the “Tell Me Yes” engagement ring  Dodi had ordered in Monte Carlo a week earlier, Dodi decided to check on Repossi Jewellery, which was right within the Ritz prencincts, known as the Place Vendome.  It could have taken less than a minute for Dodi to get to the store on foot but he decided to use a car to outsmart the paparazzi invasion. He was driven there by Trevor Rees-Jones, with Alexander Kez Wingfield and Claude Roulet following on foot, though he entered the shop alone.

The Repossi store had closed for the holiday season but Alberto Repossi, accompanied by his wife and brother-in-law,  had decided to travel all the way from his home in Monaco  and momentarily open it for the sake of the potentially highly lucrative  Dodi transaction.  Alberto, however, disappointed Dodi as the ring he had chosen was not the one  he produced. The one he showed Dodi was pricier and perhaps more exquisite but Dodi  was adamant that he wanted the exact one he had ordered as that was what Diana herself had picked. It was a ploy  on the part of Repossi to make a real killing on the sale, his excuse to that effect being that Diana deserved a ring tha was well worthy of her social pedigree.  With Dodi having expressed disaffection, Repossi rendered his apologies and assured Dodi he would make the right ring available shortly, whereupon Dodi repaired back to the hotel to await its delivery. But Dodi  did insist nonetheless that the pricier ring be delivered too in case it appealed to Diana anyway.

Repossi delivered the two rings an hour later. They were collected by Roulet. On inspecting them, Dodi chose the very one he had seen in Monte Carlo, apparently at the insistence of Diana.  There is a possibility that Diana, who was very much aware of her public image and was not comfortable with ostentatious displays of wealth, may have deliberately shown an interest in a less expensive engagement ring. It  may have been a purely romantic as opposed to a prestigious  choice for her.

The value of the ring, which was found on a wardrobe shelf in Dodi’s apartment after the crash,  has been estimated to be between $20,000 and $250,000 as Repossi has always refused to be drawn into revealing how much Dodi paid for it. The sum, which enjoyed a 25 percent discount, was in truth paid for not by Dodi himself but by his father as was the usual practice.

Dodi was also shown Repossi’s sketches for a bracelet, a watch, and earrings which he proposed to create if Diana approved of them.

DIANA AND DODI GUSH OVER IMMINENT NUPTIALS

At about 7 pm,  Dodi and Diana left the Ritz and headed for Dodi’s apartment at a place known as the Arc de Trompe. They went there to properly tog themselves out for the scheduled evening dinner. They spent two hours at the luxurious apartment. As usual, the ubiquitous paparazzi were patiently waiting for them there.

As they lingered in the apartment, Dodi beckoned over to his butler Rene Delorm  and showed him  the engagement ring. “Dodi came into my kitchen,” Delorm relates. “He looked into the hallway to check that Diana couldn’t hear and reached into his pocket and pulled out the box … He said, ‘Rene, I’m going to propose to the princess tonight. Make sure that we have champagne on ice when we come back from dinner’.” Rene described the ring as “a spectacular diamond encrusted ring, a massive emerald surrounded by a cluster of diamonds, set on a yellow and white gold band sitting in a small light-grey velvet box”.

Just before 9 pm, Dodi called the brother of his step-father, Hassan Yassen, who also was staying at the Ritz  that night, and told him that he hoped to get married to Diana by the end of the year.

Later that same evening, both Dodi and Diana would talk to Mohamed Al Fayed, Dodi’s dad, and make known to him their pre-nuptial intentions. “They called me and said we’re coming back  (to London) on Sunday (August 31) and on Monday (September 1) they are

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RAMADAN – The Blessed Month of Fasting

28th March 2023

Ramadan is the fasting month for Muslims, where over one billion Muslims throughout the world fast from dawn to sunset, and pray additional prayers at night. It is a time for inner reflection, devotion to Allah, and self-control. It is the ninth month in the Islamic calendar. As you read this Muslims the world over have already begun fasting as the month of Ramadan has commenced (depending on the sighting of the new moon).

‘The month of Ramadan is that in which the Qur’an was revealed as guidance for people, in it are clear signs of guidance and Criterion, therefore whoever of you who witnesses this month, it is obligatory on him to fast it. But whoever is ill or traveling let him fast the same number of other days, God desires ease for you and not hardship, and He desires that you complete the ordained period and glorify God for His guidance to you, that you may be grateful”. Holy Qur’an  (2 : 185)

Fasting during Ramadan is one of the five pillars upon which the structure of Islam is built. The other four are: the declaration of one’s belief in Allah’s oneness and in the message of Muhammad (PBUH); regular attendance to prayer; payment of zakaat (obligatory charity); and the pilgrimage to Mecca.

As explained in an earlier article, fasting includes total abstinence from eating, drinking, smoking, refraining from obscenity, avoiding getting into arguments and including abstaining from marital relations, from sunrise to sunset. While fasting may appear to some as difficult Muslims see it as an opportunity to get closer to their Lord, a chance to develop spiritually and at the same time the act of fasting builds character, discipline and self-restraint.

Just as our cars require servicing at regular intervals, so do Muslims consider Ramadan as a month in which the body and spirit undergoes as it were a ‘full service’. This ‘service’ includes heightened spiritual awareness both the mental and physical aspects and also the body undergoing a process of detoxification and some of the organs get to ‘rest’ through fasting.

Because of the intensive devotional activity fasting, Ramadan has a particularly high importance, derived from its very personal nature as an act of worship but there is nothing to stop anyone from privately violating Allah’s commandment of fasting if one chooses to do so by claiming to be fasting yet eating on the sly. This means that although fasting is obligatory, its observance is purely voluntary. If a person claims to be a Muslim, he is expected to fast in Ramadan.

 

The reward Allah gives for proper fasting is very generous. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) quotes Allah as saying: “All actions done by a human being are his own except fasting, which belongs to Me and I will reward it accordingly.” We are also told by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) that the reward for proper fasting is admittance into heaven.

Fasting earns great reward when it is done in a ‘proper’ manner. This is because every Muslim is required to make his worship perfect. For example perfection of fasting can be achieved through restraint of one’s feelings and emotions. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said that when fasting, a person should not allow himself to be drawn into a quarrel or a slanging match. He teaches us: “On a day of fasting, let no one of you indulge in any obscenity, or enter into a slanging match. Should someone abuse or fight him, let him respond by saying: ‘I am fasting!’”

This high standard of self-restraint fits in well with fasting, which is considered as an act of self-discipline. Islam requires us to couple patience with voluntary abstention from indulgence in our physical desires. The purpose of fasting helps man to attain a high degree of sublimity, discipline and self-restraint. In other words, this standard CAN BE achieved by every Muslim who knows the purpose of fasting and strives to fulfill it.

Fasting has another special aspect. It makes all people share in the feelings of hunger and thirst. In normal circumstances, people with decent income may go from one year’s end to another without experiencing the pangs of hunger which a poor person may feel every day of his life. Such an experience helps to draw the rich one’s conscience nearer to needs of the poor. A Muslim is encouraged to be more charitable and learns to give generously for a good cause.

Fasting also has a universal or communal aspect to it. As Muslims throughout the world share in this blessed act of worship, their sense of unity is enhanced by the fact that every Muslim individual joins willingly in the fulfillment of this divine commandment. This is a unity of action and purpose, since they all fast in order to be better human beings. As a person restrains himself from the things he desires most, in the hope that he will earn Allah’s pleasure, self-discipline and sacrifice become part of his nature.

The month of Ramadan can aptly be described as a “season of worship.” Fasting is the main aspect of worship in this month, because people are more attentive to their prayers, read the Qur’an more frequently and also strive to improve on their inner and outer character. Thus, their devotion is more complete and they feel much happier in Ramadan because they feel themselves to be closer to their Creator.

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