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First Human in “Heaven”

Benson C Saili
THIS EARTH, MY BROTHER

King Anu sends for Enki’s son with Earthling woman

Christians are hardly  aware that Genesis talks not of one Adam but three.  The English version of Genesis fuses the three into one composite being giving rise to a somewhat muddled account the clergy are at pains to untangle. The original Hebrew version is less ambiguous but  it too does not crisply delineate the three Adams.   


The first Adam appears in GENESIS 1:26-29. This is not an individual: it is mankind in general. Adama in Hebrew means mankind. The passage reads as follows:


"Then God said, ‘Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.’ So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them.  

And God blessed them. And God said to them, ‘Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it, and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over every living thing that moves on the earth.’  And God said, ‘Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the face of all the earth, and every tree with seed in its fruit. HYPERLINK "https://biblia.com/bible/esv/Ge1.26-29" l "footnote7"  You shall have them for food.”


 Where you read “man” in the above passage, in the Hebrew version it is “Adama”, which should best be translated as “The Adam”. That’s why at face value, the statement “in the image of God (Elohim in Hebrew) he created him; male and female he created them” comes across as absurd in the English version as a “him” cannot be at once male and female.

 

The Hebrew, however, makes it clear that this is talking about mankind in general. This is the stage in the evolutionary process where mankind emerges  from Homo Erectus, or Ape-Man. Of course we’re aware by now that this did not happen naturally: it was contrived by the Anunnaki, the Old Testament gods represented by Enki, his step-sister Ninmah, and his genius son Ningishzidda by way of genetic engineering.  Thus the use of the term Elohim in the Hebrew version is apt: it identifies exactly who was responsible for the emergence of man – the Anunnaki and not First Source, the real God.  


 The second Adam features in GENESIS 2:7-8 and 15-25, as well as the whole of GENESIS 3. This Adam was the first physiologically sound  human being, the father of mankind. He was the first Homo Sapiens (“Thinking Man”), also known as Neanderthal Man. This is the Adam we have been talking about to date, the Adam who was married to Tiamat, wrongly identified as Eve in Genesis. This is the Adam who was taken to the Edin and then expelled after Enki intellectually conscientised him and the Shurrupak operation endued him with the capacity to produce young. He was then returned to East Africa at Enki’s life sciences laboratory known as Bit Shimti.  


 The third Adam debuts in GENESIS 4. This is a particularly special Adam. In the Sumerian records, he is known as Adapa.  Adapa was Enki’s biological son, Earth’s first demi-god being half human, half Anunnaki.  

ENKI SIRES ADAPA WITH EARTHLING LASS

Adam, the father of mankind, was a divisive figure. Though initially despised by Enlil, the Bible’s primary Jehovah, he was highly prized by Enki, his creator. A primitive being in the early stages of his development, Adam went about stark naked but he was in due course dignified with clothes by Enki. This was not simply a civilising gesture: it was a profound move. By clothing him, Enki elevated him to the same social status as the Anunnaki – a master.


As Enki continued to further enlighten and sophisticate Adam mentally and intellectually, the Enlilites took notice of him and he was duly instituted as the first human King of Earth. He was accordingly returned to Eridu in the Edin, from where he had initially been ejected by Enlil, and installed as King. He was King not over the Anunnaki though; only over fellow Earthlings, who he had himself spawned. But it was all ceremonial as he hardly had any sway over mankind: Enlil still called the shots over all and sundry anyway.


According to the Babylonian historian Berossus, Adam “ruled” for 46,800 years. Another King List titled WB-62 puts his total reign at 72,000 years. The Berossus list calls him Amelon, which means “Workman” in Akkadian, the parent language of Hebrew. This is well in accord with the Sumerian  Lulu Amelu,  or primitive worker – the purpose for which Adam was created.  The WB-62 list calls him Enkidunnu, meaning “Fashioned by Enki”, another well-premised denomination.


Now, whilst Adam himself was bright and very civil thanks to his round-the-clock chaperoning by Enki, his offspring were not. Instead of intellectually advancing, they were actually regressing.   They were reverting to the Ape-Man psyche and behavioural eccentricity as they reproduced. The Anunnaki component in them (the Adamic race DNA was partly Anunnaki as we have related) was receding. Enki decided it was time he arrested this degradation.

 

He was going to bring into existence a civilised man who would be the prototype for a cleverer strain of mankind. He was also going to prevail over Enlil to introduce agriculture so that the genetically upgraded mankind would grow crops and rear animals for the sustenance of the Anunnaki, who were presently reeling from rather precarious rations.   


This time, however, Enki was not going to bring about the new “creation” using the laboratory route. He was going to do so naturally, by sexual reproduction in which he would be a direct participant. After all, he was famed for his sexual prowess, with his own daughters numbering among his conquests in this connection.  


One day as he rode in a boat along a river in the Edin accompanied only by his vizier Isimud, he saw two ravishing female Lulus frolicking naked on the river bank. He made overtures to them and with their consent as witnessed by Isimud (he didn’t want another “Sudigate” – a fate that had befallen Enlil over Sud) had a threesome “quickie” with them right on the boat. It turned out  they had been ovulating as both became pregnant. Nine months later, one gave birth to a boy and another a girl. This was in the 93rd shar, that is, 334,800 years after the Anunnaki’s first landing on Earth, or about 110,000 years ago.


When Enki saw his two little bundles of joy, he was over the moon. They were so cherubic, so cute. He decided there and then that they were going to be raised up not among the Lulus but in his own cosy household. But what    was he going to say to his wife Ninki? He and Isimud came up with an idea.

 

He was to say the two kids were found stashed in reed baskets among the bulrushes as in the Moses story.. The yarn worked: Ninki actually took a great liking to the highly adorable infants. And as was Anunnaki custom, it fell to her to confer names on them as the adoptive mother.  

She called the boy Adapa, which can also be rendered as Atabba.  Zechariah Sitchin translates this as “One who was found”. It makes sense as Ninki believed the babies were “tapped” from a body of water (in Bemba, the dominant Zambian language, to “tapa” is to draw water).  But it could also mean “The Multiplying Apa” or “Multiplying Father”. Ata in Sumerian means to proliferate and apa was the ancient term for ape. Abba meant Father.

 

Adapa was indeed meant to be the progenitor of a new generation of civilised mankind.    As for the girl, Ninki named her Titi, meaning “Lady of Life”, also rendered Ninkhawa. In Hebrew, this is Hawah, shortened Awa – Eve in English.  But the root verb that gave rise to Hawah was Hayah, meaning “to live”. Since Titi was fathered by Enki, the Enlilites would in future deride her as the “Serpent Lady”, just as they would do Marduk’s wife. This mockery would over time inform the Arabic word for female serpent – Hayah.  

KING ANU SUMMONS ADAPA

In the male chauvinistic Anunnaki society, Enki’s focus was on Adapa. As he grew, he turned out to be phenomenally brilliant, the result both of Enki’s genes and devoted tutelage.  Soon he was making waves among the Anunnaki and he was only a lad, maybe 12 years or so. Upon hearing of him, Enlil demanded to see him.

 

Enki paid heed and told him the same cock-and-bull story he had fed his wife – that he was one of two babies who had been hidden in the bulrushes by their unknown Earthling mother. When Enlil wondered as to why unlike an ordinary Lulu kid Adapa was so staggeringly intelligent, Enki rationalised to him that he was simply a new generation of Lulus as intellectual evolution was a matter of course.


Although Enlil wasn’t convinced as to tell from his appearance Adapa seemed to have substantial Anunnaki blood in him – possibly the reason the mother hid the babies as casual sexual relations between humans and the Anunnaki were forbidden – he was nevertheless smitten by the extraordinarily smart and drop-dead-gorgeous boy. Thus when Enki proposed to him that Adapa be groomed into an agriculturalist to grow food and produce meat for the Anunnaki, Enlil latched on to the idea. But first, King Anu had to be informed both about Adapa and what was envisaged of him.


At the time the message was beamed to Nibiru, the planet was already in the ecliptic plane in its 3600-year-orbit and so it was closer to Earth. Albeit, King Anu demanded that Adapa be brought to Nibiru forthwith to enable him make a firsthand assessment. The injunction alarmed all three – Enki, Enlil, and Adapa.

 

Enlil feared that if Anu was overly pleased with Adapa, he might provide him with the “Food of Life” and the “Water of Life” (both simply aspects of Ormus-rich foodstuffs), which would make Earthlings live nearly as long as the Anunnaki. Were that to happen, Earthlings would no longer be in awe of the Anunnaki and would treat them as equals and not as superiors. Enki feared that maybe a snare was being laid for his cherished Adapa: being a Lulu, he might suffer a subtle victimisation leading either to his demise or intellectual atrophy.

 

As for Adapa himself, he was loathe to venture into the anonymity and desolation of space. Enki had taught him about the possible perils of space travel and he dreaded such an eventuality as any faint-hearted kid would. But an order by King Anu was inviolable and so the journey was inevitable: Adapa just had to go to Nibiru notwithstanding lingering misgivings. 


ADAPA SETS OFF FOR NIBIRU

King Anu sent his vizier, Ilabrat, to fetch young Adapa.  Of course Ilabrat’s journey to Earth must have taken a few months even using the much speedier warp-drive propulsion. Meanwhile, Enki appointed two “gods”, as the Anunnaki called themselves, to accompany Adapa to the “Planet of the Gods”. They were his sons Ningishzidda and Dumuzi, both born on Earth. Then he sat them down together with Adapa to administer to them joining instructions.

 

To Adapa he said thus: “Adapa, to Nibiru, the planet whence we had come, you will be going. Before Anu our king you will come, to his majesty you will be presented.  Before him you shall bow. Speak only when asked, to questions short answers give! New clothing you will be given; the new garments put on. A bread on Earth not found they to you will give; the bread is death, do not eat! In a chalice an elixir to drink they to you will give; the elixir is death, do not drink! With you Ningishzidda and Dumuzi my sons will journey, to their words hearken, and you shall live!”


Note that Enki warned Adapa not to take any kind of food he was given at the palace as he was of the strong suspicion his son might be tactfully eliminated by Anu, who like Enlil did not have a very high regard for Earthlings and frowned upon cross-racial intercourse. Adapa’s riddance would serve as a warning to the Anunnaki not to sexually consort with the inferior Lulus. King Anu would straightaway know Adapa had Anunnaki blood in him as he way lighter than Adam. As we have already pointed out, the Anunnaki were predominantly chalky white: only a tiny minority were dark-skinned, such as the Olmecs.


To Dumuzi and Ningishzidda, who like Adapa were visiting Nibiru for the first time, Enki said thus: “Before Anu the king, my father, you are coming. To him you shall bow and homage pay. By princes and nobles do not be cowered, of them you are the equals. To bring Adapa back to Earth is your mission, by Nibiru's delights be not charmed!” Enki made a point of emphasising to his sons that they were not to stay for good on Nibiru having been mesmerised by its infrastructural beauty and sophistication. Their commission was to deliver Adapa to King Anu and ensure he was returned safely back to Earth. He also reiterated to them that they were not to be in awe of the Nibiru nobility as they too were nobles. They were not subordinate in any way.


Finally, the day of departure arrived. It was the first time Adapa had boarded a flying craft. When it took off, he was at once amazed and apprehensive that an “Eagle” could “fly without wings”, a reflection both of his naivety as a youngster and Earthlings as a whole, who regarded Anunnaki technology as “magic”. And when at long last the sky ship was coursing yonder in space and Earth had disappeared from view, Adapa thought he had been lured into a death trap: he cried out aloud to be returned back to the planet. Among Ningishzidda’s personal effects was a parcel Enki had given him to deliver to King Anu, a “sealed tablet”, which was simply an encrypted data stick.  

ADAPA WOOS NIBIRUIANS

The moment the flying saucer touched down on the landing apron in the throne city Agade, there was a lot of fanfare. Throngs had gathered to see a being from another planet. Adapa was conducted to the palace in an open-topped levitating vehicle so that the masses who had lined the streets could see him. The first Earthling to set foot on Nibiru, he impressed them immensely as he was beautiful and looked a great deal like them when most had envisaged an animal-like being.


At the palace, the three visitors were given new clothes, Nibiru attire, and doused with perfumed oils, a precondition if one was to come before the presence of the King. A whole contingent of the Nibiru nobility was also in attendance, each craning his or her neck to glimpse the cute young human.


When Ilabrat led the three into the throne room, King Anu was exhilarated to see his two grandsons, shedding tears of glee as he bear-hugged and kissed them.  It struck the King that they looked much older than they would have been had they been born and lived on Nibiru.


The King had Ningishzidda and Dumuzi  sit on his flanks. Then turning to young Adapa, who stood before him in a rather pensive mood, he asked Ilabrat: “Does he our speech understand?” Ilabrat replied: “Indeed he does; by the Lord Enki he was taught.” The great King, the most powerful man in the Peshmeten, the 9th Passageway of the Milky Way Galaxy, asked the young lad to step forward. “Come hither Adapa ,” he said. “What is your name and your occupation?”  The King asked Adapa of his occupation because in Anunnaki culture, one began to cultivate a trade from childhood.


“Adapa is my name,” the boy answered. “Of the Lord Enki I am a servant! He’s training me in all sorts of crafts.” Up until now, Enki had not divulged to Adapa that the two were father and son. Adapa therefore was of the belief that he was Enki’s resident student and understudy. He called him Master and not Dad as he ideally should have.  


After asking him a series of probing questions, Anu thought he sounded as intelligent and as eloquent as any of the Anunnaki savants and yet he was only a little boy. “A wonder of wonders on Earth has been attained,” the King declared, highly extolling Enki. Thus impressed, he now announced that, “Let there a celebration be, let us our guests thus welcome!”  

NEXT WEEK: THE TWINS WITH AN INTERESTING TWIST
 

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Appendicitis: Recognising the Signs

29th March 2022

Many a times I get clients casually walking into my room and requesting to be checked for “appendix”.  Few questions down the line, it is clear they are unaware of where the appendix is or what to expect when one does have it (appendicitis). Jokingly (or maybe not) I would tell them they would possibly not be having appendicitis and laughing as hard as they are doing. On the other hand, I would be impressed that at least they know and acknowledge that appendicitis is a serious thing that they should be worried about.

So, what is Appendicitis?

Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix; a thin, finger-like pouch attached to the large intestine on the lower right side of the abdomen. Often the inflammation can be as a result of blockage either by the faecal matter, a foreign body, infection, trauma or a tumour. Appendicitis is generally acute, with symptoms coming on over the course of a day and becoming severe rapidly. Chronic appendicitis can also occur, though rarely. In chronic cases, symptoms are less severe and can last for days, weeks, or even months. 

Acute appendicitis is a medical emergency that almost always ends up in the operating theatre. Though the appendix is locally referred to as “lela la sukiri”, no one knows its exact role and it definitely does not have anything to do with sugar metabolism. Appendicitis can strike at any age, but it is mostly common from the teen years to the 30s.

Signs to look out for

If you have any of the following symptoms, go and see a Doctor immediately! Timely diagnosis and treatment are vital in acute appendicitis;

Sudden pain that starts around the navel and shifts to the lower right abdomen within hours

The pain becomes constant and increases in severity (or comes back despite painkillers)

The pain worsens on coughing, sneezing, laughing, walking or deep breaths

Loss of appetite

Nausea and vomiting

Fever

Constipation or diarrhoea

Abdominal bloating/fullness

Diagnosis

The doctor often asks questions regarding the symptoms and the patient’s medical history. This will be followed up by a physical examination in which the Doctor presses on the abdomen to check for any tenderness, and the location of the pain. With acute appendicitis, pressing on and letting go of the right lower abdomen usually elicits an excruciatingly unbearable pain. Several tests may be ordered to determine especially the severity of the illness and to rule out other causes of abdominal pain. The tests may conditions include: blood tests, a pregnancy test, urinalysis, abdominal  “How do ultrasound scans work?” ultrasound (scan), CT scan or MRI Scan.

Treatment

The gold standard treatment of acute appendicitis is surgical removal of the appendix known as appendectomy. Luckily, a person can live just fine without an appendix! Surgical options include laparoscopy or open surgery and the type will be decided on by the Surgeon after assessing the patient’s condition. Painkillers and antibiotics are also given intravenously usually before, during and after the surgery.

Complications

Appendicitis can cause serious complications such as;

Appendicular mass/abscessIf the appendix is inflamed or bursts, one may develop a pocket of pus around it known as an abscess. In most cases, the abscess will be treated with antibiotics and drained first by placing a tube through one’s abdominal wall into the abscess. The tube may be left in place for a few hours or days while the infection is clearing up but ultimately one would still have surgery to remove the appendix.

Peritonitis – without treatment, the appendix can rupture/burst. The risk of this rises 48–72 hours after symptoms start. A ruptured appendix spreads the infection throughout the abdomen (peritonitis). This is life threatening and requires immediate surgery to remove the appendix and clean the abdominal cavity.

Death – The complications of appendicitis (and appendectomy) can be life threatening, only if the diagnosis has been missed and no proper treatment has been given on time. This is rare though with the evolved medical care.

If you need further advice or treatment please call 4924730, email  HYPERLINK “mailto:info@themedicscentre.co.bw” info@themedicscentre.co.bw or visit www.themedisccentre.co.bw

Antoinette Boima, MBBS, BMedSci, PgDip HIV/AIDS, Cert Aesth Med is the Managing Director of The Medics Centre in Palapye.

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A degree of common sense

7th February 2022

Here’s a news item from last month you may have missed. In December 2021 the University of Staffordshire announced it would be offered a degree course in pantomime! Yes, that’s right, a degree in popular festive entertainment, the Christmas panto.

We used to have one here, put on by the Capitol Players, though it seems to have fallen away in recent times, but the spectacle is still alive and well in the UK, both in local ad-dram (amateur dramatic ) societies and on the London stage and most of the major cities, these latter productions usually featuring at least one big-draw name from the world of show business with ticket prices commensurate with the star’s salary.

In case you’re unfamiliar with the pantomime format, it consists of a raucous mixture of songs and comedy all based around a well-known fairy or folk tale. Aladdin and His Magic Lamp, Cinderella, Jack & The Beanstalk & Dick Whittington are perennial favourites but any well-known tall tale goes. There is no set script, unlike a play, and storyline is just a peg to hang a coat of contemporary, often bawdy, gags on, in what should be a rollicking production of cross dressing – there has to be at least one pantomime dame, played by a man and always a figure of fun, and a Principal Boy, ostensibly the male lead, yet played by an attractive young woman.

As an art form it can trace its roots back to 16th century Italy and the Commedia Del’Arte which used a mélange of music, dance, acrobatics along with a cast of comic stock characters so it has a long and proud theatrical tradition but you have to wonder, does that really qualify it as a suitable subject for a university? Further, what use might any degree be that can be acquired in a single year? And last but not least, how much standing does any degree have which comes from a jumped-up polytechnic, granted university status along with many of its ilk back in 1992, for reasons best known to the government of the time? Even more worrying are the stated aims of the course.

Staffordshire University claims it is a world first and the masters course is aimed at people working inside as well as outside the industry. Students on the course, due to start in September 2022, will get practical training in the art form as well as research the discipline.

“We want to see how far we can take this,” Associate Professor of Acting and Directing Robert Marsden said. The role of pantomime in the 21st Century was also going to be examined, he said, “particularly post Me Too and Black Lives Matter”. Questions including “how do we address the gender issues, how do we tell the story of Aladdin in 2021, how do we get that balance of male/female roles?” will be asked, Prof Marsden added.

Eek! Sounds like Prof. Marsden wants to rob it of both its history and its comedic aspects – well, good luck with that! Of course that isn’t the only bizarre, obscure and frankly time and money-wasting degree course available. Staying with the performing arts there’s Contemporary Circus and Physical Performance at Bath Spa University. Sounds like fun but why on earth would a circus performer need a university degree?

Or how about a Surf Science and Technology degree at Cornwall College (part of the University of Plymouth). Where the one thing you don’t learn is….how to surf!

Then there is a  degree in Floral Design at University Centre Myerscough. No, I hadn’t heard of it either – turns out it’s a college of further education in Preston, a town that in my experience fits the old joke of ‘I went there once…..It was closed’ to a ‘T’!

Another handy (pun intended) art is that of Hand Embroidery BA (Hons), offered at the University for the Creative Arts. Or you could waste away sorry, while away, your time on a course in Animal Behaviour and Psychology. This degree at the University of Chester teaches you about the way animals think and feel. Cockroaches have personalities according to the subject specs– you couldn’t make it up.

Happily all these educational institutes may have to look to their laurels and try to justify their very existence in the near future. In plans announced this week, universities could face fines of up to £500,000 (P750m), be stripped of their right to take student loans or effectively shut down if they cannot get 60 per cent of students into a professional job under a crackdown on ‘Mickey Mouse’ courses. Further, at least 80 per cent of students should not drop out after the first year, and 75 per cent should graduate.

The rules, published by the Office for Students (OfS), aim to eliminate ‘low-quality’ courses by setting new standards & requiring courses to improve their rating in the TEF, the official universities ratings system. Universities not meeting the new standards will not be able to charge full annual fees of £9,250. Unconventional courses that could fall victim to the new rules could include the University of Sunderland’s BA in Fashion Journalism, where students learn essential’ skills such as catwalk reporting and the history of Chanel.  They have only a 40 per cent chance of entering highly skilled work 15 months after leaving.

At University College Birmingham, BSC Bakery and Patisserie Technology students – who learn how to ‘make artisan bread’ – have a 15 per cent chance of a professional job within 15 months. Universities minister Michelle Donelan welcomed the move, saying ‘When students go to university, they do so in the pursuit of a life-changing education, one which helps pave their path towards a highly skilled career. Any university that fails to match this ambition must be held to account.’

OfS found that at 25 universities, fewer than half of students find professional work within 15 months.  Business and management courses at the University of Bedfordshire (14.8 per cent) were among the least likely to lead to graduate-level jobs.  Asked to comment, the University of Sunderland said it always looked ‘to find ways to improve outcomes’; University College Birmingham said data on graduates and definition of ‘professional work’ was limited. I’ll bet it is! As the saying goes, ’what the eye doesn’t see, the heart doesn’t grieve over’. What a pantomime!

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Why regular health checks are important!

7th February 2022

With the world still reeling from the negative impact of the Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19), and the latest Omicron variant (which is responsible for the ongoing global forth wave) on everyone’s lips, we should not forget and neglect other aspects of our health.

While anyone can get infected with corona virus and become seriously ill or die at any age, studies continue to show that people aged 60 years and above, and those with underlying medical conditions like hypertension, heart and lung problems, diabetes, obesity, cancers, or mental illness are at a higher risk of developing serious illness or dying from covid-19.

It is a good habit to visit a doctor regularly, even if you feel healthy. Regular health checks can help identify any early signs of health issues or assess your risk of future illness hence prompting one to take charge and maintain a healthy lifestyle. Heart disease, diabetes, some cancers and other non-communicable diseases (even communicable) can often be picked up in their early stages, when chances for effective treatment are high.

During a health check, your doctor will take a thorough history from you regarding your medical history, your family’s history of disease, your social life and habits, including your diet, physical activity, alcohol use, smoking and drug intake. S/he will examine you including measuring your weight, blood pressure, feeling your body organs and listening to your heart and lungs amongst the rest. Depending on the assessment, your doctor will notify you how often you need to have a health check. If you have a high risk of a particular health condition, your doctor may recommend more frequent health checks from an early age.

Diet – a healthy diet improves one’s general health and wellbeing. It is recommended that we have at least two serves of fruit and five serves of vegetables daily. Physical activity – regular physical activity has significant health benefits on one’s body, mind & soul. It contributes to preventing and managing non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, cancers and diabetes, reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety, enhances thinking, learning, and judgment skills and improves overall well-being. According to the world health organisation (WHO), people who are insufficiently active have a 20% to 30% increased risk of death compared to people who are sufficiently active. Aim for 30 minutes to an hour of moderate physical activity at least four days in a week. Examples of moderate physical activity include brisk walking, gentle swimming and social tennis.

Weight – maintaining a healthy weight range helps in preventing long-term complications like cardiovascular disease, diabetes and arthritis. It is also vital for one’s mental wellbeing and keeping up with normal activities of daily living. Ask your doctor to check your body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference annually. If you are at a higher risk, you should have your weight checked more frequently and a stern management plan in place.

Alcohol – as per WHO reports, alcohol consumption contributes to 3 million deaths each year globally as well as to the disabilities and poor health of millions of people. Healthy drinking entails taking no more than two standard drinks per drinking day with at least two alcohol-free days in a week.

Smoking –Nicotine contained in tobacco is highly addictive and tobacco use is a major risk factor for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, many different types of cancer, and many other debilitating health conditions. Every year, at least a whopping 8 million people succumb from tobacco use worldwide. Tobacco can also be deadly for non-smokers through second-hand smoke exposure. It is not ‘fashionable’ if it is going to cost you and your loved ones lives! If you are currently smoking, talk to your doctor and get help in quitting as soon as possible to reduce the harm.

Blood pressure: Hypertension is a serious medical condition and can increase the risk of heart, brain, kidney and other diseases. It is a major cause of premature death worldwide, with upwards of 1 in 4 men and 1 in 5 women – over a billion people – having the condition. Have your blood pressure checked annually if it is normal, you are aged under 40 and there is no family history of hypertension. You might need to have it checked more frequently if you are over 40, your blood pressure is on the high side, or you have a personal or family history of high blood pressure, stroke or heart attack. Your doctor will be there to guide you.

Dental care – eating a low-sugar diet and cleaning and flossing the teeth regularly can reduce one’s risk of tooth decay, gum disease and tooth loss. Visit a dentist every six months for a dental examination and professional cleaning, or more frequently as per your dentist’s advice.
Blood tests – annual to five-yearly blood tests may be done to further assess or confirm risk of disease. These may include blood sugar levels, cholesterol levels, kidney function, liver function, tumour markers, among other things. They may be done frequently if there is already an existing medical condition.

Cancer screening – various screening techniques can be done to detect different cancers in their early or pre-cancer stages. These include; skin inspections for any suspicious moles/spots, two-yearly mammograms for those at risk of developing breast cancer, Pap smear or the new Cervical Screening Test (CST) every five years, stool tests and colonoscopy (every five years) for those at most risk of bowel cancer, prostate cancer screening for those at risk (over 45 years of age, family history of cancers etc.). Discuss appropriate tests with your doctor.

Vaccinations – You should discuss with your doctor about the necessary routine immunisation, in particular; the Covid-19 vaccines, an annual flu shot, a five-yearly pneumococcal vaccine if you have never had one or you are immunocompromised and any other boosters that you might need.

If you need further advice or treatment please call 4924730, email HYPERLINK “mailto:info@themedicscentre.co.bw” info@themedicscentre.co.bw or visit www.themedisccentre.co.bw

Antoinette Boima, MBBS, BMedSci, PgDip HIV/AIDS, Cert Aesth Med is the Managing Director of The Medics Centre in Palapye.

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