… as Jehovah cracks whip over the Adam “treachery”
GENESIS 3:1-5 reads as follows: 1Now the serpent was more subtle than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. 2And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?
And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden: 3But of the fruit of the tree which [is] in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die. 4And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die: 5For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.
The above passage is taken from the Hebrew Interlinear version of the Bible. This version and another one called the Anchor Bible are by most accounts reputed to be the most accurate translations and I strongly recommend them.
Both give, first, the direct translation, word for word, from the original Hebrew, then alongside that the syntactical English translation, which is the one I quote above. The mainstream versions, the so-called modern versions, such as the NIV, RSV, TEV, etc, all almost border on the fictitious because they are translations by people with a vested theological interest – the Illuminati agenda.
In fact, of the mainstream versions, the King James Version is the closest to the original languages, that is, Hebrew for the Old Testament and Greek for the New Testament. In future, all my scriptural references will derive either from the Hebrew Interlinear Bible or the Anchor Bible.
To the modern Christian and indeed in today’s parlance, serpent simply means snake. It was the Devil, so it is preached, who assuming the form of a snake tempted Adam and Eve to disobey God and partake of the forbidden fruit.
It is the classic case of a lie which when repeated time and again becomes an unassailable truth, such that when one offers a contrary take, he or she is branded a heretic at best or a Devil-worshipper masquerading as a believer at worst. Religion is on balance a good thing, but it is mental slavery because it does not allow for divergence of opinion or an interrogation of the popular dogma even if it clearly rests on very shaky foundations.
ENKI AS “THE SERPENT”
In the quoted passage, the word translated “serpent” is the Hebrew word NAHASH, which indeed means snake. However, that is a secondary meaning. The original meaning was “one who knows secrets”, or put simply, a savant, genius, or a distinctly knowledgeable person.
Those who have been following this column will be aware by now that all thesewere attributes of Enki. Enki not only was Nibiru’s greatest and most versatile scientist of all time but he was also the most esteemed Anunnaki in that there was nothing, it seemed, that he did not know. Whenever the Anunnaki were in a conundrum of some sort, they would simply say, “ask Enki who knows everything”.
One of the Anunnaki’s most meticulously guarded secret was knowledge of DNA. And who had mastery of the workings of DNA here on Earth? It was Enki and his genius son Ningishzidda. The Sumerian symbol for Enki was two entwined snakes.
Why? Firstly, the name Enki had become synonymous with snake because when he arrived on Earth, he kept a snake pond in his backyard so as to study the creature closely since it resonated with him the most (see point three below). The aphorism “Be as wise as serpents” derives not from snakes themselves but from the Being for whom they became a byword – Enki.
Secondly, Enki’s other symbol of two entwined snakes derived from his pioneering knowledge of DNA. When seen under a microscope, DNA looks like two entwined serpents. It was Enki’s surpassing knowledge of DNA that enabled him to create Adam and Eve as well as to get them to procreate. Thus, the DNA emblem was a tribute to Enki.
Even in our day, modern medicine continues to permanently invoke Enki’s name by its adoption of the caduceus (winged staff with two snakes wrapped around it) as its symbol. Once again, the winged aspect of the caduceus connotes Enki’s association with his planet Nibiru, which was typically depicted in antiquity as a winged disc.
Enki’s entwined-serpent motif was the symbol of his cult centre Eridu and of his African domains as a collective. Virtually every Sumerian cylinder seal depiction of Adam’s creation is backdropped by entwined serpents in deference to Enki.
Thirdly and perhaps fundamentally, Enki originated from Orion, the only such of the Anunnaki who came to Earth (Enlil and others originated from Sirius). Arians (beings of Orion) evolved from a snake species as we set out in detail in our earlier pieces.
They were originally known as the SURBAH. SURBAH is a compound word, with SUR standing for “majestic” and BAH meaning “being”. SURBAH therefore meant “Royal Race”. It is the term SURBAH which gives us the Sanskrit word sarpha; the Latin word serpens; and the English word serpent.
In the same quoted passage, there are five references to “God”. In the Hebrew, the words used are YAHWEH-ELOHIM (Verse 1) and simply ELOHIM in the remainder of the verses. For your own information, the term ELOHIM (meaning “lofty ones”, “tall ones”, “shining ones”, “exalted ones”, etc ) occurs 2570 times in the Hebrew version of the Bible and zero in popular English translations.
Obviously, this is by deliberate design – to conceal the fact that “God” was not one individual as such but a collective reference to a pantheon of “gods” – the Anunnaki from planet Nibiru.
In Verse 1, the writer indirectly and rightly acknowledges that Enki was the most brilliant of all creation but he misrepresents that Enki was created by Enlil (Yahweh) because he is writing retrospectively: by the time he was doing the writing in the 6th century BC, Enlil was already the god of the nation of Israel and Enki had long been cast as his adversary – the “evil serpent”.
Enki again features in Verse 3 as “the tree in the midst of the garden” which Enlil had forbidden Adam and Eve not to associate with if they cherished their lives. It is Enki who in Verse 5 assures the couple through Eve that listening to him would actually elevate them intellectually to the level of the Anunnaki themselves – the “gods”.
I exhort that every time you come across the term “God” or “Lord” in the Old Testament, you ask yourself as to who exactly is being referred to: is it Anu, Enlil, Enki, any other member of the Anunnaki royalty, or the planet Nibiru itself? That way, you will understand the story better.
ADAM’S AWAKENING INFURIATES ENLIL
Enki stayed with Adam and Eve at Eridu for an extended period of time to educate them about themselves so they did not see themselves as and behave like animals. By the time he was done, Adam and Eve were so intellectually enlightened they no longer behaved like animals. In the past, they operated largely on instinct in that there was more of the animal than the Anunnaki in them; now they had a moral consciousness – they, like the Anunnaki, knew the difference between what was right and what was wrong.
As such, they could no longer move around naked but improvised loin coverings from leaves as Verse 7 clearly demonstrates. The moment Enki saw this, he knew his painstaking lessons (it’s not easy to teach and re-orientate a primitive person) had yielded dividends.
He rewarded them with clothes, a very significant gesture as we shall see. Enki also urged them to copulate regularly so they could produce their own children who would look after them when they were old and infirm. He also assured them that he was ready to defend them against any harm by Enlil for listening to him. Then promising to visit them soon, he got onto his sky chamber and flew back to the Abzu.
Not long after Enki had departed for Africa, Enlil, the Bible’s primary Jehovah/Yahweh, decided to check on Adam and Eve to determine whether they had heeded his injunctions. When he called out to them, they were hesitant in emerging for they knew that the clothes they were donning were a give-away: Enlil would straight off know it was all the work of Enki.
But finally, after some threats, they emerged and the moment Enlil saw them he was livid. Although Eve had kept her clothes on, Adam had hastily taken them off in dread of Enlil. Enlil demanded an immediate explanation from Adam as he frothed at the mouth with rage.
A shaken and unnerved Adam pointed to his wife Eve as the one who got him to listen to Enki. Eve in turn said she just could not resist Enki’s ratiocinations. The scenario is captured with a bit of spin in GENESIS 3: 8-13.
Cursing under his breath, Enlil not only called Enki a “Son of Bitch” but also “the Bloody Devil”. Still fuming, he radioed his erring brother to report to Eridu immediately.
ENKI IN DETENTION
Enlil’s fury was not merely the result of Adam’s disobedience. It had a number of ramifications, one of which had to do with their attire. “Clothes were a prerogative of the masters,” explains Earth chronicles researcher Lawrence Gardner.
“Adam and Eve’s original state of nakedness … was a reflection of their subordinate status in the prevailing environment and their covering of themselves … had to do with the fact that servants and workers of the Anunnaki were naked in those days, as depicted in reliefs of the era.
When Adam’s and Eve’s eyes were opened, they gained the knowledge of their true station – a station akin to that of domestic animals. Prior to that, they had thought nothing of their nudity, but on becoming aware that they were inferior beings (naked subordinates) they were immediately struck with the embarrassment of their situation and sought to rectify the matter.”
Thus, by clothing Adam and Eve, Enki had unilaterally elevated “inferior Earthlings” to the status of the Anunnaki. They now would enjoy the same dignity and respectability as the Anunnaki and not as the Lulu Amelu – the primitive worker – they were primarily meant to be. Enki’s action, consequently, was not only ultra vires but it was a breach of cosmic mandate.
Further, Enki’s intellectual upgrade of Earthlings meant they would advance much quicker in all endeavours as their planet, Earth, had a far much quicker cycle. A year on Nibiru, called a shar, was 3600 Earth years: what progress the Anunnaki could make in 3600 Earth years Earthlings would make in simply one Earth Year.
So if it had taken the Anunnaki to attain space flight 360 000 Earth years, for example, it would take Earthlings only 100. It followed, therefore, that just within a shar or two, Earthlings would be a far superior force by any measure to the Anunnaki. They might even turn tables on the Anunnaki and colonise them on their own planet Nibiru!
Enlil was certain Enki had secretly done more to sophisticate the Earthlings than he had let on. King Anu would certainly not take kindly to Enki’s “treachery”. Enki arrived at Eridu in the company of his son Ningishzidda and his half sister Ninmah.
The moment he showed up, Enlil served him with a warrant of arrest: he was to be detained and interrogated over the matter of Adam and Eve and depending on the outcome of the interrogation criminally charged, tried, and sentenced.
Enki meekly yielded as his son and sister looked on with bewilderment. He seemed not to care less as he saw himself as a prisoner not of any mortal crime but of conscience.
In the interrogation session at Eridu, Enlil was bristling.
“What is the idea of the clothing of the Lulus?” he demanded of Enki.
“It’s a bestowal of honour on humanity’s First Couple,” Enki replied calmly. “I decided that they must be so recognised by elevating them to our level both morally and rationally. They are not exactly like us in these respects; they are still a long way off. And remember, it’s only Adam and Eve: their offspring won’t enjoy the same privilege. Trust me, their offspring will be left as primitive workers as per the original plan.”
Enlil rose from his seat.
“Their offspring? You mean you have given them the ability to reproduce like we do Enki? You are telling me they are now capable of procreating?”
Enki nodded his head.
“I’m afraid that’s true my brother.”
“Who mandated you to do that Enki? It was neither me nor Dad! All that was required of you was to make a slight genetic improvement on Ape-Man so he could be able to take instructions and handle tools. Under no circumstances were you to go beyond that Enki! That I made very clear!”
“But tell me my brother,” Enki responded, still unruffled. “Which of these is a sensible option: to forever use our own Anunnaki females as brood mares or to allow the worker race to produce their own offspring naturally? Why should we turn our own women into manufacturing machines in perpetuity when there is a better solution?”
“You must have lost your marbles Enki!” Enlil thundered, regarding Enki as though he intended to swallow him alive. “We’ve all had the impression you were the smartest of the Anunnaki race yet little did we know you were actually a shithead! Do you know what you have done Enki? Earthlings will no longer consider us superior: they will think we’re at par with them only we came into existence earlier.
Now that they can reproduce, they will so multiply you and I won’t have space to stand in Enki. Not only will they subdue the Earth, they will eventually subdue us: they will rise against us because this is their planet, not ours.
We have legal ownership of it all right but they have natural ownership of it. They will fight us to the death till they either send us packing or drive us into the seas! And because Earth has a much shorter and faster around-the-sun cycle than Nibiru, Earthlings will advance at a much more rapid rate than we do: at one point, which is only within a shar or two, they will overtake us scientifically and technologically.
The student will become the teacher; the servant will become the master! We might even end up being subjugated on our own planet by the very people we created! Do you get that into your thick head Enki? Do you?”
Ignoring his brother’s deprecations, Enki said: “Well, my brother, if Earthlings were destined to become a race even greater than us, there’s nothing we can do to prevent it. After all, we interfered in their evolutionary process. Maybe whatever transpires in the future is the price we have to pay for tampering with the wheel of nature.”
“You interfered in their evolutionary process Enki: you did it singlehandedly!” Then abruptly turning to the Sergeant-at-Arms, Enlil barked: “Get Ninmah and Ningishzidda in here!”
In recent years, using personal devices in working environments has become so commonplace it now has its own acronym, BOYD (Bring Your Own Device). But as employees skip between corporate tools and personal applications on their own devices, their actions introduce a number of possible risks that should be managed and mitigated with careful consideration. Consider these examples:
Si-lwli, a small family-run business in Wales, is arguably as niche a company as you could find, producing talking toys used to promote the Welsh language. Their potential market is small, with only some 300,000 Welsh language speakers in the world and in reality the business is really more of a hobby for the husband-and-wife team, who both still have day jobs. Yet, despite still managing to be successful in terms of sales, the business is now fighting for survival after recently falling prey to cybercriminals. Emails between Si-Iwli and their Chinese suppliers were intercepted by hackers who altered the banking details in the correspondence, causing Si-Iwli to hand over £18,000 (around P ¼ m) to the thieves. That might not sound much to a large enterprise, but to a small or medium business it can be devastating.
Another recent SMB hacking story which appeared in the Wall Street Journal concerned Innovative Higher Ed Consulting (IHED) Inc, a small New York start-up with a handful of employees. IHED didn’t even have a website, but fraudsters were able to run stolen credit card numbers through the company’s payment system and reverse the charges to the tune of $27,000, around the same loss faced by Si-Iwli. As the WSJ put it, the hackers completely destroyed the company, forcing its owners to fold.
And in May 2019, the city of Baltimore’s computer system was hit by a ransomware attack, with hackers using a variant called RobinHood. The hack, which has lasted more than a month, paralysed the computer system for city employees, with the hackers demanding a payment in Bitcoin to give access back to the city.
Of course, hackers target governments or business giants but small and medium businesses are certainly not immune. In fact, 67% of SMBs reported that they had experienced a cyber attack across a period of 12 months, according to a 2018 survey carried out by security research firm Ponemon Institute. Additionally, Verizon issued a report in May 2019 that small businesses accounted for 43% of its reported data breaches. Once seen as less vulnerable than PCs, smartphone attacks are on the rise, with movements like the Dark Caracal spyware campaign underlining the allure of mobile devices to hackers. Last year, the US Federal Trade Commission released a statement calling for greater education on mobile security, coming at a time when around 42% of all Android devices are believed to not carry the latest security updates.
This is an era when employees increasingly use their smartphones for work-related purposes so is your business doing enough to protect against data breaches on their employees’ phones? The SME Cyber Crime Survey 2018 carried out for risk management specialists AON showed that more than 80% of small businesses did not view this as a threat yet if as shown, 67% of SMBs were said to have been victims of hacking, either the stats are wrong or business owners are underestimating their vulnerability. A 2019 report by PricewaterhouseCoopers suggests the latter, stating that the majority of global businesses are unprepared for cyber attacks.
Consider that a workstation no longer means a desk in an office: It can be a phone in the back of a taxi or Uber; a laptop in a coffee shop, or a tablet in an airport lounge. Wherever the device is used, employees can potentially install applications that could be harmful to your business, even from something as seemingly insignificant as clicking on an accidental download or opening a link on a phishing email. Out of the physical workplace, your employees’ activities might not have the same protections as they would on a company-monitored PC.
Yet many businesses not only encourage their employees to work remotely, but assume working from coffee shops, bookstores, and airports can boost employees’ productivity. Unfortunately, many remote hot spots do not provide secure Wi-Fi so if your employee is accessing their work account on unsecured public Wi-Fi, sensitive business data could be at risk. Furthermore, even if your employee uses a company smartphone or has access to company data through a personal mobile device, there is always a chance data could be in jeopardy with a lost or stolen device, even information as basic as clients’ addresses and phone numbers.
BOYDs are also at risk from malware designed to harm and infect the host system, transmittable to smartphones when downloading malicious third-party apps. Then there is ransomware, a type of malware used by hackers to specifically take control of a system’s data, blocking access or threatening to release sensitive information unless a ransom is paid such as the one which affected Baltimore. Ransomware attacks are on the increase, predicted to occur every 14 seconds, potentially costing billions of dollars per year.
Lastly there is phishing – the cyber equivalent of the metaphorical fishing exercise – whereby cybercriminals attempt to obtain sensitive data –usernames, passwords, credit card details –usually through a phoney email designed to look legitimate which directs the user to a fraudulent website or requests the data be emailed back directly. Most of us like to think we could recognize a phishing email when we see it, but these emails have become more sophisticated and can come through other forms of communication such as messaging apps.
Bottom line is to be aware of the potential problems with BOYDs and if in doubt, consult your IT security consultants. You can’t put the own-device genie back in the bottle but you can make data protection one of your three wishes!
About five days before Princess Diana and Dodi Al Fayed landed in Paris, General Atiku, a certain Edward Williams was taking a walk in a woods in the Welsh town of Mountain Ash. Williams, then 73, was a psychic of some renown. He had in the past foretold assassination attempts on US President Ronald Reagan, which occurred on March 30, 1981, and Pope John Paul II, which came to pass on May 13, 1981.
As he trudged the woods, Williams had a sudden premonition that pointed to Diana’s imminent fate as per Christopher Andersen’s book The Day Diana Died. “When the vision struck me, it was as if everything around me was obscured and replaced by shadowy figures,” Williams was later to reminisce. “In the middle was the face of Princess Diana. Her expression was sad and full of pathos. She was wearing what looked like a floral dress with a short dark cardigan. But it was vague. I went cold with fear and knew it was a sign that she was in danger.”
Williams hastily beat a retreat to his home, which he shared with his wife Mary, and related to her his presentiment, trembling like an aspen leaf as he did so. “I have never seen him so upset,” Mary recounted. “He felt he was given a sign and when he came back from his walk he was deeply shaken.”
The following day, Williams frantically sauntered into a police station to inform the police of his premonition. The officer who attended to him would have dismissed him as no more than a crackpot but he treated him seriously in view of the accuracy of his past predictions. He took a statement and immediately passed it on to the Special Branch Investigative Unit.
The report read as follows:
“On 27 August, at 14:12 hrs, a man by the name of Edward Williams came to Mountain Ash police station. He said he was a psychic and predicted that Princess Diana was going to die. In previous years, he has predicted that the Pope and Ronald Reagan were going to be the victims of assassination attempts. On both occasions he was proved to be correct. Mr Williams appeared to be quite normal.”
Williams, General, was spot-on as usual: four days later, the princess was no more.
Meanwhile, General, even as Dodi and Diana were making their way to the Fayed-owned Ritz Hotel in central Paris, British newspapers were awash with headlines that suggested Diana was kind of deranged. Writes Andrew Morton in Diana in Pursuit of Love: “In The Independent Diana was described as ‘a woman with fundamentally nothing to say about anything’. She was ‘suffering from a form of arrested development’. ‘Isn’t it time she started using her head?’ asked The Mail on Sunday. The Sunday Mirror printed a special supplement entitled ‘A Story of Love’; The News of the World claimed that William had demanded that Diana should split from Dodi: ‘William can’t help it, he just doesn’t like the man.’ William was reportedly ‘horrified’ and ‘doesn’t think Mr Fayed is good for his mother’ – or was that just the press projecting their own prejudices? The upmarket Sunday Times newspaper, which had first serialised my biography of the princess, now put her in the psychiatrist’s chair for daring to be wooed by a Muslim. The pop-psychologist Oliver James put Diana ‘On the Couch’, asking why she was so ‘depressed’ and desperate for love. Other tabloids piled in with dire prognostications – about Prince Philip’s hostility to the relationship, Diana’s prospect of exile, and the social ostracism she would face if she married Dodi.”
DIANA AND DODI AT THE RITZ
Before Diana and Dodi departed the Villa Windsor sometime after 16 hrs, General, one of Dodi’s bodyguards Trevor Rees-Jones furtively asked Diana as to what the programme for the evening was. This Trevor did out of sheer desperation as Dodi had ceased and desisted from telling members of his security detail, let alone anyone else for that matter, what his onward destination was for fear that that piece of information would be passed on to the paparazzi. Diana kindly obliged Trevor though her response was terse and scarcely revealing. “Well, eventually we will be going out to a restaurant”, that was all Diana said. Without advance knowledge of exactly what restaurant that was, Trevor and his colleagues’ hands were tied: they could not do a recce on it as was standard practice for the security team of a VIP principal. Dodi certainly, General, was being recklessly by throwing such caution to the winds.
At about 16:30, Diana and Dodi drew up at the Ritz Hotel, where they were received by acting hotel manager Claude Roulet. The front entrance of the hotel was already crawling with paparazzi, as a result of which the couple took the precaution of using the rear entrance, where hopefully they would make their entry unperturbed and unmolested. The first thing they did when they were ensconced in the now $10,000 a night Imperial Suite was to spend some time on their mobiles and set about touching base with friends, relations, and associates. Diana called at least two people, her clairvoyant friend Rita Rogers and her favourite journalist Richard Kay of The Daily Mail.
Rita, General, was alarmed that Diana had proceeded to venture to Paris notwithstanding the warning she had given Dodi and herself in relation to what she had seen of him in the crystal ball when the couple had consulted her. When quizzed as to what the hell she indeed was doing in Paris at that juncture, Diana replied that she and Dodi had simply come to do some shopping, which though partially true was not the material reason they were there. “But Diana, remember what I told Dodi,” Rita said somewhat reprovingly. Diana a bit apprehensively replied, “Yes I remember. I will be careful. I promise.” Well, she did not live up to her promise as we shall soon unpack General.
As for Richard Kay, Diana made known to him that, “I have decided I am going to radically change my life. I am going to complete my obligations to charities and to the anti-personnel land mines cause, but in November I want to completely withdraw from formal public life.”
Once she was done with her round of calls, Diana went down to the hair saloon by the hotel swimming pool to have her hair washed and blow-dried ahead of the scheduled evening dinner.
THE“TELL ME YES” RING IS DELIVERED
Since the main object of their Paris trip was to pick up the “Tell Me Yes” engagement ring Dodi had ordered in Monte Carlo a week earlier, Dodi decided to check on Repossi Jewellery, which was right within the Ritz prencincts, known as the Place Vendome. It could have taken less than a minute for Dodi to get to the store on foot but he decided to use a car to outsmart the paparazzi invasion. He was driven there by Trevor Rees-Jones, with Alexander Kez Wingfield and Claude Roulet following on foot, though he entered the shop alone.
The Repossi store had closed for the holiday season but Alberto Repossi, accompanied by his wife and brother-in-law, had decided to travel all the way from his home in Monaco and momentarily open it for the sake of the potentially highly lucrative Dodi transaction. Alberto, however, disappointed Dodi as the ring he had chosen was not the one he produced. The one he showed Dodi was pricier and perhaps more exquisite but Dodi was adamant that he wanted the exact one he had ordered as that was what Diana herself had picked. It was a ploy on the part of Repossi to make a real killing on the sale, his excuse to that effect being that Diana deserved a ring tha was well worthy of her social pedigree. With Dodi having expressed disaffection, Repossi rendered his apologies and assured Dodi he would make the right ring available shortly, whereupon Dodi repaired back to the hotel to await its delivery. But Dodi did insist nonetheless that the pricier ring be delivered too in case it appealed to Diana anyway.
Repossi delivered the two rings an hour later. They were collected by Roulet. On inspecting them, Dodi chose the very one he had seen in Monte Carlo, apparently at the insistence of Diana. There is a possibility that Diana, who was very much aware of her public image and was not comfortable with ostentatious displays of wealth, may have deliberately shown an interest in a less expensive engagement ring. It may have been a purely romantic as opposed to a prestigious choice for her.
The value of the ring, which was found on a wardrobe shelf in Dodi’s apartment after the crash, has been estimated to be between $20,000 and $250,000 as Repossi has always refused to be drawn into revealing how much Dodi paid for it. The sum, which enjoyed a 25 percent discount, was in truth paid for not by Dodi himself but by his father as was the usual practice.
Dodi was also shown Repossi’s sketches for a bracelet, a watch, and earrings which he proposed to create if Diana approved of them.
DIANA AND DODI GUSH OVER IMMINENT NUPTIALS
At about 7 pm, Dodi and Diana left the Ritz and headed for Dodi’s apartment at a place known as the Arc de Trompe. They went there to properly tog themselves out for the scheduled evening dinner. They spent two hours at the luxurious apartment. As usual, the ubiquitous paparazzi were patiently waiting for them there.
As they lingered in the apartment, Dodi beckoned over to his butler Rene Delorm and showed him the engagement ring. “Dodi came into my kitchen,” Delorm relates. “He looked into the hallway to check that Diana couldn’t hear and reached into his pocket and pulled out the box … He said, ‘Rene, I’m going to propose to the princess tonight. Make sure that we have champagne on ice when we come back from dinner’.” Rene described the ring as “a spectacular diamond encrusted ring, a massive emerald surrounded by a cluster of diamonds, set on a yellow and white gold band sitting in a small light-grey velvet box”.
Just before 9 pm, Dodi called the brother of his step-father, Hassan Yassen, who also was staying at the Ritz that night, and told him that he hoped to get married to Diana by the end of the year.
Later that same evening, both Dodi and Diana would talk to Mohamed Al Fayed, Dodi’s dad, and make known to him their pre-nuptial intentions. “They called me and said we’re coming back (to London) on Sunday (August 31) and on Monday (September 1) they are
Ramadan is the fasting month for Muslims, where over one billion Muslims throughout the world fast from dawn to sunset, and pray additional prayers at night. It is a time for inner reflection, devotion to Allah, and self-control. It is the ninth month in the Islamic calendar. As you read this Muslims the world over have already begun fasting as the month of Ramadan has commenced (depending on the sighting of the new moon).
‘The month of Ramadan is that in which the Qur’an was revealed as guidance for people, in it are clear signs of guidance and Criterion, therefore whoever of you who witnesses this month, it is obligatory on him to fast it. But whoever is ill or traveling let him fast the same number of other days, God desires ease for you and not hardship, and He desires that you complete the ordained period and glorify God for His guidance to you, that you may be grateful”. Holy Qur’an (2 : 185)
Fasting during Ramadan is one of the five pillars upon which the structure of Islam is built. The other four are: the declaration of one’s belief in Allah’s oneness and in the message of Muhammad (PBUH); regular attendance to prayer; payment of zakaat (obligatory charity); and the pilgrimage to Mecca.
As explained in an earlier article, fasting includes total abstinence from eating, drinking, smoking, refraining from obscenity, avoiding getting into arguments and including abstaining from marital relations, from sunrise to sunset. While fasting may appear to some as difficult Muslims see it as an opportunity to get closer to their Lord, a chance to develop spiritually and at the same time the act of fasting builds character, discipline and self-restraint.
Just as our cars require servicing at regular intervals, so do Muslims consider Ramadan as a month in which the body and spirit undergoes as it were a ‘full service’. This ‘service’ includes heightened spiritual awareness both the mental and physical aspects and also the body undergoing a process of detoxification and some of the organs get to ‘rest’ through fasting.
Because of the intensive devotional activity fasting, Ramadan has a particularly high importance, derived from its very personal nature as an act of worship but there is nothing to stop anyone from privately violating Allah’s commandment of fasting if one chooses to do so by claiming to be fasting yet eating on the sly. This means that although fasting is obligatory, its observance is purely voluntary. If a person claims to be a Muslim, he is expected to fast in Ramadan.
The reward Allah gives for proper fasting is very generous. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) quotes Allah as saying: “All actions done by a human being are his own except fasting, which belongs to Me and I will reward it accordingly.” We are also told by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) that the reward for proper fasting is admittance into heaven.
Fasting earns great reward when it is done in a ‘proper’ manner. This is because every Muslim is required to make his worship perfect. For example perfection of fasting can be achieved through restraint of one’s feelings and emotions. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said that when fasting, a person should not allow himself to be drawn into a quarrel or a slanging match. He teaches us: “On a day of fasting, let no one of you indulge in any obscenity, or enter into a slanging match. Should someone abuse or fight him, let him respond by saying: ‘I am fasting!’”
This high standard of self-restraint fits in well with fasting, which is considered as an act of self-discipline. Islam requires us to couple patience with voluntary abstention from indulgence in our physical desires. The purpose of fasting helps man to attain a high degree of sublimity, discipline and self-restraint. In other words, this standard CAN BE achieved by every Muslim who knows the purpose of fasting and strives to fulfill it.
Fasting has another special aspect. It makes all people share in the feelings of hunger and thirst. In normal circumstances, people with decent income may go from one year’s end to another without experiencing the pangs of hunger which a poor person may feel every day of his life. Such an experience helps to draw the rich one’s conscience nearer to needs of the poor. A Muslim is encouraged to be more charitable and learns to give generously for a good cause.
Fasting also has a universal or communal aspect to it. As Muslims throughout the world share in this blessed act of worship, their sense of unity is enhanced by the fact that every Muslim individual joins willingly in the fulfillment of this divine commandment. This is a unity of action and purpose, since they all fast in order to be better human beings. As a person restrains himself from the things he desires most, in the hope that he will earn Allah’s pleasure, self-discipline and sacrifice become part of his nature.
The month of Ramadan can aptly be described as a “season of worship.” Fasting is the main aspect of worship in this month, because people are more attentive to their prayers, read the Qur’an more frequently and also strive to improve on their inner and outer character. Thus, their devotion is more complete and they feel much happier in Ramadan because they feel themselves to be closer to their Creator.