One of the strategies adopted by the ruling elite to accumulate land in and around the major urban centres like Gaborone and Francistown is to transform some areas into dumping sites for building and construction rubbles.
Those connected to government would then make requests for special allocations with a view to rehabilitate the land. It is this kind of fraud that appears to have escalated to other sectors of the economy. Today public enterprises are deliberately destroyed only to be taken over by multinational corporations handpicked by the government.
The BCL is a clear case in point. Otherwise why would a normal government allow management of a state owned company to bring a profitable venture with huge savings to its knees in no time without timely and appropriate interventions?
Most of the public enterprises are run down on account of corruption, mismanagement, and misguided political interference. Elementary rules of governance are not followed. As a result a number of the parastatals are barely surviving.
Naturally an animal in that situation attracts vultures that would be hovering around and taking positions to pounce on the carcass. As the public enterprises struggle to survive multi-national corporations and local parasitic capitalists are reading themselves to inherit that which they are not entitled to.
There is massive looting of public enterprises that is taking place under the current regime. Deception, absence of consultation, and lack of transparency are at the centre of the mode of operation. Decisions on public assets disposal are politically motivated and mainly driven by greed.
In Botswana today the interest of the ruling class has become synonymous with national interest. As comrade Kenny Kapinga correctly put it the insecurity of the political leadership is treated as national insecurity.
Originally government policy was to privatize public intersperses such as Air Botswana, Botswana Telecommunications Corporation etc. Whether it is called privatization or liberalization the ultimate goal is the same and the consequences are well documented. Both are driven by exploitation and profit maximization.
The ultimate result is massive job losses, unemployment and poverty. Under these circumstances the idea that poverty, income inequalities and unemployment can be significantly reduced is a pipe dream.
When the policy was mooted the Botswana Congress Party (BCP) was against privatization in word and in action. Part of the reason was that given the level of development characterised by a small middle class any form of privatization would land public assets in the hands of multinational corporation triggering unprecedented capital flight.
The justification for privatization was unconvincing either. Countries emerging from political and economic crisis privatise public enterprises to raise government revenue for social and economic development.
Although Botswana is economic dependent and often behaves like a banana republic it cannot be classified among countries emerging from violent civil wars or devastating natural disasters. The position of the BCP should not be misinterpreted to mean that we are against private ownership of property.
In the privatization debate there are insinuations that private ownership is a panacea for inefficiency and mismanagement of public enterprises. It is a position that is consistently advanced by some business sections in relation to the current government facilitated failure of parastatals.
Hence there is frequent talk of private sector led economic development. As a country that is in a developmental stage the state should play a central role in the economy. It is a well-accepted fact that the state interventionist approaches propelled countries like Singapore and China to global economic power houses never imagined before.
Today Chinese state owned companies dominate the construction industry in Botswana and many other developing countries. They have successfully out-competed privately owned multi-national corporations.
To suggest that BCL and other state owned companies fail because they are not privately owned is disingenuous. Privately owned mining companies failed before BCL was placed under provisional liquidation resulting in hundreds job losses.
These include Lerala, Boseto and African Copper. Let us not forget that the recent global recession was triggered by the weaknesses of the highly glorified capitalist system. Greedy banks had dished out credits and loans to people who could not afford to service the loans.
Inflation escalated making it harder for people to pay back the loans thus creating an economic meltdown. In the United States of America the state had to intervene to rescue the failed profit driven system from total collapse.
Mismanagement and inefficiency lead to the collapse of any entity regardless of private or public ownership. The change of management not the fall in commodity prices, depth of the mine or the quality of metals is the main reason for the collapse of BCL.
This can be extended to other parastatal bodies such as the Botswana Meat Commission (BMC), Water Utilities Corporation (WUC), Botswana Railways (BR), Air Botswana etc. It would appear that these entities were set to fail with the sole intention of taking them over under the pretext that they are unprofitable.
Apparently the greedy profit driven sections of the ruling class is inpatient with the policy of privatization which they find cumbersome. They have since adopted a quick sale of public enterprises to themselves and their friends for a thebe. Under the circumstances kickbacks cannot be ruled out.
Government is virtually for sale to the highest bidder. In the case of the sale of Morupule B there are several companies that are reported to have declared interest. On the other hand there are claims that government has handpicked Chinese Machinery Engineering Corporation (CMEC) and has put up a team of public servants to negotiate on their behalf.
If it is true that Morupule B and BCL are basket cases one wonders why there is such a rush by multi-national corporations and local parasitic business linked to the ruling party to buy them.
Media reports that Micus Te haar who is the nephew of President Lieutenant Doctor Seretse Khama Ian Khama is vying for Maibwe diamond mine inside the Central Kgalagadi Game Reserve (CKGR) is scary to say the least. This is because it is widely believed that Te harr does business on behalf of the President. I smell a big rotten rat.
Intelligence and Security Service Act, which is a law that establishes the Directorate of Intelligence and Security Service (DIS), provides for establishment of a Parliamentary Committee. Recently, the President announced nine names of Members of Parliament he had appointed to the Committee.
This announcement was preceded by a meeting the President held with the Speaker and the Leader of Opposition. Following the announcement of Committee MPs by the President, the opposition, through its leader, made it clear that it will not participate in the Committee unless certain conditions that would ensure effective oversight are met. The opposition acted on the non-participation threat through resignation of its three MPs from the Committee.
The Act at Section 38 provides for the establishment of the Committee to examine the expenditure, administration and policy of the Directorate. The law provides that the Parliamentary Committee shall have the same powers and privileges set out under the National Assembly (Powers and Privileges) Act.
On composition, the Committee shall consist of nine members who shall not be members of Cabinet and its quorum shall be five members. The MPs in the Committee elect a chairperson from among their number at their first meeting.
The Members of the Committee are appointed by the President after consultation with the Speaker of the National Assembly and Leader of the Opposition in the National Assembly. It is the provision of the law that the Committee, relative to its size, reflect the numerical strengths of the political parties represented in the National Assembly.
The Act provides that that a member of the Committee holds office for the duration of the Parliament in which he or she is appointed. The Committee is mandated to make an annual report on the discharge of their functions to the President and may at any time report to him or her on any matter relating to the discharge of those functions.
The Minister responsible for intelligence and security is obliged to lay before the National Assembly a copy of each annual report made by the Committee together with a statement as to whether any matter has been excluded from that copy in pursuance of the provision of the Act.
If it appears to the Minister, after consultation with the Parliamentary Committee, that the publication of any matter in a report would be prejudicial to the continued discharge of the functions of the Directorate, the Minister may exclude that matter from the copy of the report as laid before the National Assembly.
So, what are the specific demands of the Opposition and why are they not participating in the Committee? What should happen as a way forward? The Opposition demanded that there be a forensic audit of the Directorate. The DIS has never been audited since it was set up in 2008, more than a decade ago.
The institution has been a law unto itself for a longtime, feared by all oversight bodies. The Auditor General, who had no security of tenure, could not audit the DIS. The Directorate’s personnel, especially at a high level, have been implicated in corruption. Some of its operatives are in courts of law defending corruption charges preferred against them. Some of the corruption cases which appeared in the media have not made it to the courts.
The DIS has been accused of non-accountability and unethical practices as well as of being a burden on the fiscus. So, the Opposition demanded, from the President, a forensic audit for the purpose of cleaning up the DIS. They demand a start from a clean slate.
The second demand by the Opposition is that the law be reviewed to ensure greater accountability of the DIS to Parliament. What are some of the issues that the opposition think should be reviewed? The contention is that the executive cannot appoint a Committee of Parliament to scrutinize an executive institution.
Already, it is argued, Parliament is less independent and it is dominated by the executive. It is contended that the Committee should be established by the Standing Orders and be appointed by a Select Committee of Parliament. There is also an argument that the Committee should report to Parliament and not to the President and that the Minister should not have any role in the Committee.
Democratic and Parliamentary oversight of the intelligence is relatively a new phenomenon across the World. Even developed democracies are still grappling with some of these issues. However, there are acceptable standards or what might be called international best practices which have evolved over the past two or so decades.
In the UK for instance, MPs of the Intelligence and Security Committee are appointed by the Houses of Parliament, having been nominated by the Prime Minister in consultation with the Leader of the Opposition. This is a good balancing exercise of involvement of both the executive and the legislature. Consultation is taken for granted in Botswana context in the sense that it has been reduced to just informing the Leader of Opposition without much regard to his or her ideas; they are never taken seriously.
Furthermore, the current Committee in the UK has four Members of the ruling party and five MPs from the opposition. It is a fairly balanced Committee in terms of Parliamentary representation. However, as said above, the President of Botswana appointed six ruling party MPs and three from the opposition.
The imbalance is preposterous and more pronounced with clear intentions of getting the executive way through the ruling party representatives in the Committee. The intention to avoid scrutiny is clear from the numbers of the ruling party MPs in the Committee.
There is also an international standard of removing sensitive parts which may harm national security from the report before it is tabled in the legislature. The previous and current reluctance of the executive arms to open up on Defence and Security matters emanate from this very reason of preserving and protecting national security.
But national security should be balanced with public interest and other democratic principles. The decision to expunge certain information which may be prejudicial to national security should not be an arbitrary and exclusive decision of the executive but a collective decision of a well fairly balanced Committee in consultation with the Speaker and the minister responsible.
There is no doubt that the DIS has been a rogue institution. The reluctance by the President to commit to democratic-parliamentary oversight reforms presupposes a lack of commitment to democratization. The President has no interest in seeing a reformed DIS with effective oversight of the agency.
He is insincere. This is because the President loathes the idea losing an iota of power and sharing it with any other democratic institution. He sees the agency as his power lever to sustain his stay in the high office. He thought he could sanitize himself with an ineffective DIS Committee that would dance to his tune.
The non-participation of the opposition MPs renders the Committee dysfunctional; it cannot function as this would be unlawful. Participation of the opposition is a legal requirement. Even if it can meet, it would lack legitimacy; it cannot be taken seriously. The President should therefore act on the oversight demands and reform the DIS if he is to be taken seriously.
For years I have trained people about paradigm shifts – those light-bulb-switch-on moments – where there is a seismic change from the usual way of thinking about something to a newer, better way.
I like to refer to them as ‘aha’ moments because of the sudden understanding of something which was previously incomprehensible. However, the topic of today’s article is the complete antithesis of ‘aha’. Though I’d love to tell you I’d had a ‘eureka ‘, ‘problem solved’ moment, I am faced with the complete opposite – an ‘oh-no’ moment or Lost Leader Syndrome.
No matter how well prepared or capable a leader is. they often find themselves facing perplexing events, confounding information, or puzzling situations. Confused by developments of which they can’t make sense and by challenges that they don’t know how to solve they become confused, sometimes lost and completely clueless about what to do.
I am told by Jentz and Murphy (JM) in ‘What leaders do when they don’t know what to do’ that this is normal, and that rapid change is making confusion a defining feature of management in the 21st century. Now doesn’t that sound like the story of 2020 summed up in a single sentence?
The basic premise of their writing is that “confusion is not a weakness to be ashamed of but a regular and inevitable condition of leadership. By learning to embrace their confusion, managers are able to set in motion a constructive process for addressing baffling issues.
In fact, confusion turns out to be a fruitful environment in which the best managers thrive by using the instability around them to open up better lines of communication, test their old assumptions and values against changing realities, and develop more creative approaches to problem solving.”
The problem with this ideology however is that it doesn’t help my overwhelming feelings of fear and panic which is exacerbated by a tape playing on a loop in my head saying ‘you’re supposed to know what to do, do something’. My angst is compounded by annoying motivational phrases also unhelpfully playing in my head like.
Nothing happens until something moves
The secret of getting ahead is getting started
Act or be acted upon
All these platitudes are urging me to pull something out of the bag, but I know that this is a trap. This need to forge ahead is nothing but a coping mechanism and disguise. Instead of owning the fact that I haven’t got a foggy about what to do, part of me worries that I’ll lose authority if I acknowledge that I can’t provide direction – I’m supposed to know the answers, I’m the MD! This feeling of not being in control is common for managers in ‘oh no’ situations and as a result they often start reflexively and unilaterally attempting to impose quick fixes to restore equilibrium because, lets be honest, sometimes we find it hard to resist hiding our confusion.
To admit that I am lost in an “Oh, No!” moment opens the door not only to the fear of losing authority but also to a plethora of other troubling emotions and thoughts: *Shame and loss of face: “You’ll look like a fool!” * Panic and loss of control: “You’ve let this get out of hand!” * Incompetence and incapacitation: “You don’t know what you’re doing!”
As if by saying “I’m at a loss here” is tantamount to declaring “I am not fit to lead.” Of course the real problem for me and any other leader is if they don’t admit when they are disoriented, it sends a signal to others in the organisation stating it’s not cool to be lost and that, by its very nature encourages them to hide. What’s the saying about ‘a real man never asks for direction. ..so they end up driving around in circles’.
As managers we need to embrace the confusion, show vulnerability (remember that’s not a bad word) and accept that leadership is not about pretending to have all the answers but about having the courage to search with others to discover a solution.
JM point out that “being confused, however, does not mean being incapacitated. Indeed, one of the most liberating truths of leadership is that confusion is not quicksand from which to escape but rather the potter’s clay of leadership – the very stuff with which managers can work.”
2020 has certainly been a year to remember and all indications are that the confusion which has characterised this year will still follow us into the New Year, thereby making confusion a defining characteristic of the new normal and how managers need to manage. Our competence as leaders will then surely be measured not only by ‘what I know’ but increasingly by ‘how I behave when I accept, I don’t know, lose my sense of direction and become confused.
.I guess the message for all organizational cultures going forward is that sticking with the belief that we need all-knowing, omni-competent executives will cost them dearly and send a message to managers that it is better to hide their confusion than to address it openly and constructively.
Take comfort in these wise words ‘Confusion is a word we have invented for an order not yet understood’!