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Who Fused Mankind’s 2nd Chromosome?

Benson C Saili
THIS EARTH, MY BROTHER

One of molecular biology’s most staggering puzzles has Enki’s fingerprints all over it

Zechariah Sitchin’s insistence that modern-day “scientific discoveries” simply affirm knowledge that was commonplace in antiquity is no empty rhetoric.

Consider the matter of mankind being “made from clay”. In GENESIS 1:19, the Bible tells us man’s eventual fate is six-feet-under for “thou at dust and unto dust shall thou return”. The Koran categorically states that God “started the creation of the human from clay”.   

We have previously made the point that the Anunnaki, who fashioned mankind, characterised us as clay material simply as a sneer. “You are nothing but a lump of soul-less clay,” they seemed to say. Man may not be the product of clay but clay did play a part in his creation and vitally at that.

Do you know   what Enki decided to do after repeated failures to come up with the perfect model of Adam? He combined the genes not in a vessel made of Nibiru crystals but in a vessel made of Earth’s clay.

This course of action did not pay off immediately but the improvement was a quantum leap and at long last led to a flawless Adam, forcing Enki’s half-sister Ninmah, who did the mixing under Enki’s supervision, to ecstatically screech, “Mine hands have made it!” Enki, the foremost scientist of his day both on Earth and Nibiru, came to realise that had he not used a test tube made of clay, he would not have succeeded in fashioning Adam. Why was clay central to the process?

In his memoirs, Enki does not explain the centrality of clay but science does! In fact, it was not until the turn of the century that science had an answer to the clay question. On October 23, 2003, the US news network MNBC featured an article headlined “MAYBE WE CAME FROM CLAY AFTER ALL”.

The gist of the story read thus: “A team at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston said they had shown that materials in clay supported processes similar to those that may have given rise to life. Specifically, a clay mixture called montmorillonite not only helps form little bags of fat and liquid but helps cells use genetic material called RNA. That, in turn, is one of the key processes of life.”

It was another feather in Sitchin’s cap, who had highlighted the instrumentality of clay in the creation of Adam in his first book published in 1976. Sitchin’s source was not the Bible but clay tablets inscribed 6000 years ago by the Sumerians, the world’s best known civilisation of old. It were these same clay tablets  the Genesis scribes based their creation story on, tablets they had access to whilst in exile in Babylonia (which arose in the same area as the antecedent Sumeria) in the 6th century BC.

BIOMEDICAL SCIENCE VALIDATES ADAM’S TRIPLE PARENTHOOD

Did you know that Adam had not two but three parents? That’s exactly what the Sumerian tablets tell us folks. Adam, we will soon establish, was the first viable test tube baby. Adam was made from a mixture of a male Anunnaki’s sperm and Ape-Woman’s egg in a procedure known today as in vitro fertilisation, or IVF. But he was not carried in Ape-Woman’s womb: he was carried in Ninmah’s. Thus technically, Adam had three parents.

IVF, which is simply fertilisation of an egg by a sperm outside the body, has been common knowledge since 1978, when the first successful test tube baby Louise Brown was born. But Louise was the offspring of only two parents: she was the product of her father’s and mother’s sex cells and was carried in her own mother’s womb. It was not until the dawn of the new millennium that IVF went a step further.

On October 18th, 2003, New Science carried a story titled “IVF CREATES FOETUSES WITH THREE PARENTS”. The breakthrough was accomplished by a team of American scientists at a Chinese medical university. It concerned a woman who had failed to conceive because her embryos ceased to develop after two days.

The woman’s egg was removed and fertilised by her husband’s sperm in a Petri dish  as usual (note that the chemical composition of Petri dish or test tube glass  used in the process has a significant clay component) but the new twist was the  involvement of a third party, a woman (called a donor or surrogate mother).

The egg of the donor had its nucleus sucked out and discarded; then the fertilised material in the Petri dish was injected into the donor’s void egg, which in turn was implanted into the donor’s womb.

The resulting baby therefore technically had three parents – the father who provided the sperm; the mother who provided the egg; and the surrogate mother who provided the womb and something else besides.

Besides providing a uterine incubator for the developing baby, the donor contributed something else at a cellular level that made it possible for the embryo of the barren woman to grow to term this time around.  This was what is termed Mitochondrial DNA, or mtDNA. This is DNA which converts the chemical energy from food into a form that cells can use.

In humans, although mtDNA is present in both males and females, it is passed on only by the female. Although mtDNA resides inside the cell, this is outside the nucleus. Hence, although the nucleus that was removed from the donor’s egg cell did carry the DNA with it, mtDNA remained. It is mtDNA which enabled the embryo to grow fully in the donor’s womb. In other words, the donor’s mtDNA was more efficient than the barren woman’s: it was the barren woman’s inefficient mtDNA that was causing the embryos to abort after two days.  

In 1987, scientists were able to establish that mankind shared a common ancestor they called Mitochondrial Eve. They also reckoned that Mitochondrial Eve arose in East Africa over 200,000 years ago, which was within close range of what  Zechariah Sitchin had been saying all along. The scientists called our common woman ancestor Mitochondrial Eve because they studied mtDNA in the post-natal placentas of women from different races to help them estimate how long mankind had been in existence.    

AN ECHO OF ENKI’S “SEVEN AND SEVEN”

Another remarkable case of the replication (whether wittingly or unwittingly we cannot say for sure) of Anunnaki bio-medical techniques came to light in 2004 through the internationally acclaimed magazine Newsweek in its January 26 edition.

In a ten-page cover story titled  “THE NEW SCIENCE OF SEX SELECTION”, the magazine lauded the wonders of Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosys, or PGD, whereby the sex of a unborn baby could be determined using IVF. PGD entails creating a number of embryos outside the womb, that is, in a test tube, examining them for their gender, selecting a number having the desired sex, and then implanting these into the womb.

What stirred a familiar echo was the number of embryos that were created in the case featured in Newsweek. The story said, “Last November, Sharla’s eggs and Shane’s sperm were mixed in a lab dish, producing 14 healthy embryos, seven male and seven female… The lab transferred three of the female embryos into Sharla’s uterus, where two implanted successfully. If all goes well, the run of the Miller boys will end in July with the arrival of twin baby girls.”

Indeed, the couple, who hitherto only had boys, was blessed with twin baby girls as per deliberate design nine months later. The interesting aspect about the process was that it was exactly what Enki had done 300,000 years ago in his attempt to create mankind.

Enki at first used 14 volunteer “Birth Goddesses” suggested by Ninmah to become pregnant with 7 males and 7 females using a combination of cloning and IVF. It was only when he decided this process was burdensome on the part of the Birth Goddesses that he decided to fashion Adam and Eve, finally getting the couple to procreate after a bone marrow transplant operation. Details of the creation of Adam and Eve will be engaged in the next few weeks: just watch this space.

THE MECHANICS OF CHROMOSOMAL FUSION

Let’s at this juncture learn something about chromosomes.

If you took the DNA from all the cells in your body and lined it up, end to end, it would form a strand 6000 million miles long, albeit a very thin microscopic line. To efficiently and usefully store this important material, DNA is packed into compact structures called chromosomes.

A normal human cell should contain exactly 46 chromosomes, made up of 23 pairs. Pairs 1 through 22 (called autosomes) are numbered in descending order of size and are the same in males and females. The largest chromosome, Chromosome 1, contains about 8000 genes. The smallest chromosome, Chromosome 21, contains about 300 genes (Chromosome 22 should be the smallest, but the scientists made a mistake when they first numbered them!).

The 23rd pair is referred to as the sex chromosome because it is the one that determines whether the baby will be male or female. Whereas other cells in the human body contain a full set of 23 pairs of chromosomes to make a total of 46, the gametes (eggs and spermatozoa) contain only 23 single chromosomes apiece so that at fertilisation when the egg and spermatozoon fuse, the full complement of 46 is restored. 

Typically, females have 2 X chromosomes, while males have an X and a Y. Thus the sex chromosomes determine whether you are a boy (XY) or a girl (XX). The X chromosome is significantly longer than the Y chromosome and contains hundreds more genes. The Y chromosome carries only 26 genes.

During fertilisation, the sex of a baby will be determined by the spermatozoon. If the spermatozoon that attaches to the egg on-passes a X chromosome only, the baby will be female; if it on-passes a Y chromosome only, the baby will be male. On very rare occasion, “anomalies” occur when the spermatozoon on-passes an X and Y chromosome at once. When that happens, the baby is both male and female (with two sexual organs) called a hermaphrodite. The person is then sexually identified by the organ that expresses itself more in terms of size.  

Exactly how do gametes reproduce themselves? They do so by a process known as meiosis – dividing by halving.    At puberty, the first sperm cell a male produces is called a sperm mother cell, whereas the first ovum a female produces is called an ovum mother cell. Each of these mother cells has 46 chromosomes. When a sperm mother cell divides, it will first become four separate but identical gametes or spermatozoa.  Each of these four cells will contain 23 chromosomes each. The division process continues until there are about 500 million spermatozoa in one ejaculation.

When a ovum mother cell divides, it too becomes four separate cells initially. However, unlike the case of a mother sperm cell, only one of these four resulting cells matures to be a gamete; the other three die out.

The surviving gamete contains not 46 chromosomes but 23 as per the dividing and halving rules of meiosis. This sole surviving gamete is not produced in millions through repeated division all the time as is the   case with male gametes: it is produced only once in 28 days , so that at ovulation time, all 500 million sperm cells  will be gunning for only one egg after ejaculation.  

Only in very rare cases are more than one egg produced in a month, the result of which could be fraternal twins or additional sets of twins. In still rare cases, one fertilised egg divides into two, three or four copies and the result are identical twins, triplets, etc.  

A VERY UNSEEMLY CHROMOSOME

The one puzzle that has plagued scientists since days immemorial is, who tampered with mankind’s DNA?  There are just too many things about our DNA and genetic structure that just do not seem to add up.  One riddle is that of all living organisms, we have the longest DNA molecule. Yet we only use about 2  percent of it: the rest, a whopping 98 percent, is what is called junk DNA, a mere waste. It has no use whatsoever. All other living things use far much more of their DNA than we do; some animal species use up to 98 percent.

If God is the one who physically created us, why would he pack us with a surfeit of DNA which we hardly use? Obviously somebody must have deliberately switched off the greater part of our DNA and that somebody was not God. No wonder we use less than 10 percent of our brain capacity.    

Another mystery  is that as complex as we are, we have a smaller gene aggregate than organisms that are less complex than us. A chimpanzee, for instance, has more genes than the much smaller species such as the mouse, chicken, zebra fish, and fruit fly. Yet curiously, we have fewer genes than our closest cousin, the chimpanzee. As if that is not embarrassing enough, we have fewer genes than a chicken and a mouse and are practically level with a roundworm. This, of course, was a deliberate intervention by some superior intellect: we were genetically engineered as such.

Perhaps the most bamboozling aspect about human genetics is the structure of  our genome. We have underscored the fact that mankind has 46 chromosomes made up of  23 pairs. Apes have 48 chromosomes made up of 24 pairs. Since the line that led to mankind and the line that led to chimpanzees share a common ancestor from which they diverged 6 million years ago, logic dictates that man and apes should have the same number of chromosomes – 24 pairs.

But hear this: Chromosome 2 in mankind is not a single chromosome: it is made of two chromosomes, 2A and 2B, which were fused to form a composite Chromosome 2! Put differently, the second chromosome has another entire chromosome "tacked" on to it to carry 24 chromosomes in the space of  23. The world’s most respected science magazine, Nature, says Chromosome 2 “arose from the fusion of two ancestral ape chromosomes”. In other words, Chromosome 2 did not naturally arise; it was a manipulation. Who was behind this manipulation?

“The only way that this could have happened,” says one scientist “is that at one point a mother (primate) with 24 chromosomes had to have an egg removed from her body, and the 2nd-3rd chromosomes fused. And this is the important part:  the father had to have a natural 23 chromosome-half  to contribute.” Who was the “father”? How did the 24 chromosome – half from the mother primate – fit into the space of 23  while still carrying the 24th chromosome?

Answer: the “father” was Enki, the great Anunnaki who genetically engineered mankind from the biological essences of Ape-Woman and the Anunnaki’s. It was Enki who, like the scientific genius he was, slotted 24 chromosomes in the space of only 23 so that mankind could resemble the Anunnaki, who were born with 23 chromosomes!

How I love Lord Enki folks!

NEXT WEEK: ANUNNAKI PARTICLES IN MAN

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A “Virgin” Conceives

2nd March 2021
IT’S THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS, STUPID

Princess Mary falls pregnant only one month after her betrothal to Prince Joseph

To put the lineage of Mary the mother of Jesus in context, General Atiku, it is in order that we begin with her grandfather Yehoshua  (Jesus in Greek) III.

Mary was offspring of two royal lines, the Davidic line and the Hasmonean line. Yehoshua III was the Herod–appointed High Priest of Israel between 36 and 23 BC.  He had no sons, only three daughters namely Joanna, Elizabeth, and Anna, all of whom he organised dynastic suitors.

Elizabeth would be married off into the House of Aaron, the legitimate priestly line, and Joanna and Anna would be married off into the House of David, the legitimate kingly line. That’s how Elizabeth became the wife of Zechariah of the tribe of Levi and in due course the mother of John the Baptist.

Mainstream Israel up to the level of the Sanhedrin had recognised Anna as the eligible mother of the future King of Israel and not the sitting impostor Herod (it is not clear what happened to first-born Joanna but she probably passed away before she got married). Anna was accordingly married off to Alexander III, a Davidic and Hasmonean prince who was best known as Heli as indeed the genealogy of Luke clearly attests.

Heli and Anna too had no sons. They only had daughters, the firstborn of whom was Dorcas, whose was born in 26 BC and whose titular name was Mary.  Mary was orphaned early in her childhood when her father Heli was killed in 17 BC at the orders of the increasingly paranoid Herod and when her mother Anna died a year or so later.

Since she was a dynastic heiress, it was likely that Herod would come after her. The Essenes thus secreted her somewhere in remote Galilee. It was actually in Galilee that most members of the Davidic royal line were concentrated not only to keep as far away from Herod as possible but to also enjoy the protective custody of the Zealots, who were the secret military wing of the Essenes and a thorn in the side of both Herod and the Romans.  Joseph was also officially based in Galilee although both he and Mary were in truth based at Qumran in the Judean wilds.

JOSEPH CALLED TO “DUTY”

Dynastic marriages are often more politically strategic than spontaneous, General. For example, the union of Prince Charles and Princess Diana was motivated by the need to fuse the Windsor genes with those of the Stuarts as the Windsors, being predominantly Reptilians, were finding it increasingly difficult to maintain their human form.

The Stuarts, the clan of Diana, had by far more human genes than Reptilian and they too were an aristocratic family. That’s why once Charles had produced a  “heir and a spare”, he completely sidelined Diana, who he had never loved, and devoted himself to his real love – Camilla Parker-Bowles.

The marriage of Joseph to Mary, General, was equally strategic. Although both were from the tribe of Judah and of the royal Davidic line, they were from different branches.  Joseph was a descendant of Solomon, whereas Mary was a descendant of Nathan, Solomon’s elder brother. The line of Solomon, as we once underlined, had been tainted by the Jeconiah curse.

The line of Nathan was clean. Since the son of Joseph and Mary would be the future King of Israel, it was important that he not be compromised by the baggage, rightly or wrongly, of the Jeconiah curse. Hence the desirability of the union of Prince Joseph and Princess Mary.

Now, both Joseph and Mary’s clans were Essenes. As such, their marriage process, formalities, and protocols had to strictly adhere to Essene dynastic rules. The Essenes were in ranks. Amongst the higher echelons were the two great dynasties, the Davids and the Zadoks, who had been the high priests and kings of Israel respectively before the destruction of the Temple by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BC.

The Davids and Zadoks lived a strictly holy life, typically in a monastery at Qumran, the reclusive headquarters of the Essenes. They were sequestered there so that they did not fall prey to the machinations of the bloodthirsty King Herod though officially their address was Galilee.  In fact, the major reason the Essene movement had come into existence was to preserve and safeguard the Davidic and Zadokite lines, the religio-politico haunt of Herod and the Hasmoneans initially.

According to the Essene code, General, the Zadoks and the Davids were not to engage in sex for recreational purposes because it was regarded as defiling: it diluted holiness. The only times they were supposed to do so was when need arose to produce heirs. In 8 BC, it was now opportune for Joseph, the David, to produce a heir and so he was excused from a life of chastity.

At this point in time in fact, the Essenes were focused on two dynastic figures. These were Joseph and Zechariah. The two were expected to produce the Messiah of David and the Messiah of Aaron, that is, the future King of Israel and the future High Priest of Israel.

According to Essene rules, the David had to marry at age 36, so that by the time he was 40, he had already sired a heir. The new heir had to be born when the David was 37. If the child was a daughter, she could not inherit, and so the David had to set about the procreation of a second-born, who hopefully would be a boy (copulation to that end was allowed only when the daughter was 3 years old).

The Davidic heir had to be born not in any other month but in September, the holiest in the Jewish calendar. In order to conform to these parameters, a betrothal ceremony was held at the beginning of June. During the betrothal period – the three months from beginning of June to end of August – sexual relations were not permitted.

Then at the beginning of September, a First Marriage was held. This was the beginning of the marriage proper as now the couple were allowed to become intimate. However, the intimacy began only in December, with a view to delivering a heir in September the following year. At the end of March, the Second Marriage was held for it was hoped that by that time the spouse was three months pregnant if there hadn’t been a miscarriage. With the Second Marriage, the wedlock was permanent: divorce was never allowed whatsoever.

Meanwhile, General, if the spouse hadn’t conceived in December, sexual relations were suspended till December the following year. The husband would then leave her spouse and return either to the monastery at Qumran or embark on a tour of duty elsewhere in furtherance of the Essene cause.

A BINDING ENGAGEMENT

According to the Dead Sea Scrolls, General, the Essenes were not only a spiritual, revolutionary, and philosophical movement. They were also ardent believers in astrology. They meticulously studied the stars and the movements of planets to read what they portended about the future.

Thus the reason a Davidic heir had to be born in September was not only because this was the holiest month of the year: it was also in recognition of the fact that September was ruled by the constellation Virgo. In other words, September was astrologically the month of the virgin. That was what Mary was.

Mary was both a virgin physically and a virgin titularly. A bride of the future king was required to be a virgin. As an Essene, Mary belonged to the Order (not the tribe) of Dan.  This was the Order of Nuns, or virgins, both legal and physical virgins. Thus in the Order of Dan, a woman was not a virgin only before she slept with a man: she was a virgin until she was six months pregnant. In the case of a dynastic spouse like Mary, this was up to end of June.  From then henceforth, she was promoted within the Order to the first stage of a Mother.

Joseph’s betrothal to Mary took place at Qumran in June 8 BC. Now, in our day, betrothal simply means engagement to be married. In ancient Israel up to New Testament times, betrothal was part and parcel of the marriage contract. It was definite and binding upon both groom and bride, who were considered as man and wife in all legal and religious aspects, except that sexual relations were not permitted.

For example, in 2 SAMUEL 3:14, King David refers to his betrothed woman as “my wife”. Also in DEUTERONOMY 22:24, a betrothed woman is referred to as “his neighbour’s wife”.  In the betrothal formalities, dowry and bride price were included. If a bride and groom for one reason or the other wanted to opt out of the betrothal after the betrothal ceremony, they had to seek a formal divorce.

Since the betrothal took place in June, General, Joseph and Mary were not supposed to make love till December, that is, six months after the betrothal ceremony and three months after the First Marriage ceremony in September. Just one month after the betrothal ceremony (that is, at the beginning of July 8 BC), however, Mary became pregnant. Was it Joseph, General? Was it rape by a Roman soldier called Panthera as some contemporary records suggest? Or was it simply the supernatural act of the “Holy Spirit” as Christendom holds?

THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS

Those who hold that the circumstances of Mary’s pregnancy were supernatural, General, can be excused. This is because the language employed therein smacks of ethereality – Holy Spirit, Angel Gabriel, Son of the Most High, etc. To those who have read and rigorously studied the Dead Sea Scrolls, however, such terminology is well within the temporal context.

That is to say, it does not carry spiritual connotations as such. True, the idea of an angel speaking to Joseph and Mary in their sleep may seem supernatural but the dreams are theological interpolations, inserted into the gospels in onward editing to fit a contrived agenda – what Karl Marx called the opium of the masses.

The Dead Sea Scrolls are so named because they were discovered in caves around the Qumran plateau of the West Bank (about 40 km east of Jerusalem), at the northwest corner of the Dead Sea, in March 1947. The discoverer was a Bedouin shepherd kid who was looking for a lost goat. The scrolls were found hidden in jars.

The 1947 find was the initial discovery: more discoveries were made after further excavations on the same site spanning 11 years in a series of 11 caves. Altogether, 972 texts were   turned up. They are written in four languages, namely Hebrew (the majority), Aramaic, Greek, and Nabatean, mostly on parchment. Other texts were inscribed on papyrus and bronze.

Most of the Dead Sea Scrolls are fragments. Fragments of all the Old Testament books have been found save for the book of Esther. The only complete book is Isaiah.  There are also apocryphal books (those arbitrarily excluded from the Old Testament canon by the Constantine-convened Nicene Council of AD 325) such as the Book of Enoch and the Book of Jubilees, and sect-specific writings that embody rules and beliefs of the people who compiled them.

The latter include commentaries on the Old Testament, paraphrases that expand on the Law of Moses, rule books of the community, war conduct, thanksgiving psalms, hymnic compositions, benedictions, liturgical texts, and sapiential (wisdom) writing. These texts have been given appropriate titles such as the War Scroll; Manual of Discipline; the Community Rule; the Temple Scroll; the Copper Scroll; etc.

The Dead Sea Scrolls were written/preserved by the Essenes between 168 BC and 68 AD. We know this because Pliny, the first century Roman historian, wrote that, “On the west coast of Lake Asphaltitis (the Dead Sea) are settled the Essenes, at some distance from the noisome odours that are experienced on the shore itself.

They are a lonely people, the most extraordinary in the world, who live without women, without love, without money, with the palm trees for their only companions.”   The Essenes stashed away the scrolls sometime in 70 AD, when Roman General Flavius Titus overran Jerusalem and laid waste to the Temple following a catastrophic Jewish uprising – led by the Zealots, the military wing of the Essenes – that began in 66 BC.

This they did in heed of JEREMIAH 32:14, which says, “Thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel; Take these evidences … and put them in an earthen vessel, that they may continue many days.” The Dead Sea Scrolls have given us invaluable insight into the beliefs, customs, rituals, politics, philosophies, and traditions of first century Palestine.

NEXT WEEK: THE PANTERA INVOLVEMENT

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A crash course in publicity

2nd March 2021

The rivalry between luxury German automotive marques Mercedes-Benz and BMW is legendary. Both brands offer high-end, high-priced desirable models, always at the forefront of cutting-edge driving technology and excellence. And in the annals of the advertising world, a campaign between the two rivals is equally legendary and it happened on our own doorstep.

Many of you will be familiar with the coastal road out of Cape Town called Chapman’s Peak. It is a beautiful, sightseeing attraction, the road winding through spectacular coastal-mountain scenery, with cliffs sinking into the  Atlantic ocean on one side, and steep mountains towering over the road on the other. However, the road is also notoriously dangerous, with its 114 sharp, meandering bends . It’s reputation is well-deserved . Several years ago, when a major coastal cleanup campaign was launched, a helicopter pulled a total of 22 wrecked cars out of the water adjacent to Chapman’s Peak and it was one such accident which prefaced the notorious marketing battle. The story is thus:

In 1988 an Irish businessman lost control of his Mercedes Benz when driving along this road, plunging 100 metres down the cliff. Miraculously, he not only survived the accident, but crawled out of the wreckage with hardly a scratch on his body.

When Mercedes heard the details, the marketing department decided to base a new advertisement on the story to promote the safety features and stability of the brand. In the video ad they intentionally drove an identical model off the road in the exact same location, having it plunge off the edge of the cliff, the driver stepping out similarly unscathed, proving the phenomenal survivability and strength of Mercedes Benz.

When the marketing suits at BMW saw this ad, they took a bold and ingenious decision to mimic it but with a twist. Only a week later, whilst the first ad was still fresh in the public’s minds, they shot their ad showing a BMW driving along the exact same stretch of road in the rain. However, when it reached the point at which the Mercedes plunged off the cliff, the BMW negotiated it safely, and continued driving along the road.

The catchphrase of the ad was “BMW beats the bends” . Or was it? It was cunningly recorded so that it could equally have been ‘beats the Benz’, implying that their cars had superior cornering and stability to their rival, Even more sneakily, they launched their campaign on a Saturday, mindful of the rules on competitive advertising in South Africa, safe in the knowledge that no objectionable actions could be taken till the new working week.

Mercedes-Benz wasted no time on Monday in issuing an injunction, the ad was swiftly pulled but the damage was done and the dog had had its day. The ad campaign ranks high in the history of advertising and can still be found online to this day. Meanwhile the rivalry between the two automotive greats goes on.

I reference this piece of marketing history in the light of this week’s horror crash by golfing great, Tiger Woods. Driving from a luxury holiday resort in California to a nearby country club Tiger Woods lost control of his vehicle on a downhill stretch of the road, smashed through a road sign, crossed over the central reservation and rolled his car several hundred feet. He had to be cut out and pulled to safety through the windscreen and the vehicle was so badly damaged, the attending police officers said he was ‘lucky to survive’.

The vehicle Woods was driving was a rented Genesis GV80 SUV. If you are unfamiliar with the brand that is not surprising since it is a relatively new spin-off from the South Korean Hyundai marque. The Genesis utility vehicle, not available locally yet, retails for around $50,000 or half a million pula, placing it in the higher end of town and country SUVs in the USA.

The model has certainly been widely publicised in the media coverage of the high-profile sportsman’s accident and I suspect that if asked to comment, Hyundai/Genesis would disagree with the police assessment, putting Woods’ survival down to build quality and in-built safety features such as crumple zones, anti-roll bars and airbags, which were deployed in the crash and would most certainly have played their part cushioning the effects of the rolling and ultimate impact. There is , of course, no suggestion that the manufacturers will capitalise on Woods’ survival but certainly it will have done the brand no harm that he did indeed emerge with recoverable injuries.

Comparing the two accidents, the driver of the Mercedes driving along Chapman’s Peak was, of course, an ordinary member of the public whilst Tiger Woods is a household name. That said, in humanitarian terms each tale of survival carries equal weight but the fact remains that the former was just another local story of yet one more victim of a notoriously tricky stretch of road whilst the latter went round the world in an instant because of the fame and name of the driver.

There is also no evidence that that stretch of Californian urban highway carried any inherent risk. His appears to have been just a loss of control and a freak accident. However, in the event that Hyundai/Genesis should consider making capital from that accident, a note of caution needs to be sounded.

In the advertising world, the use of celebrities to promote a product is a fall-back stance to sell anything from washing-up liquid to whisky but statistics have shown that it can be a double-edged sword in that yes, the ads are memorable and the public love them when the celeb is popular and personable. But…..what is often remembered is the name of the famous promoter, not the name of the product. In other words, they sell themselves far better than they sell the item.

In golfing terminology Hyundai/Genesis are not ‘out of the Woods’ yet and maybe they should go with a completely different Driver!

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Pact with the Devil

2nd March 2021
THE LORD’S GREAT GRANDMOTHER

How Jesus’s grandfather sold his birthright to megalomaniac Herod

If you were to ask a Christian to name the main Jewish sects, General Atiku, he would no doubt begin with the Pharisees (because Jesus had innumerable slanging matches with  them according to the gospels), followed by the Sadducees.  Yet there was a third, equally momentous sect – the Essenes.

Although there’s not a single, one mention of the Essenes in the Bible, General, the New Testament is filled with Essene-type language as anybody who has read the Dead Sea Scrolls would readily recognise.

In point of fact, it was the Essenes who produced Jesus as well as the infamous Jewish band of freedom fighters known as the Zealots. Furthermore, almost all the New Testament writers were either Essenes or champions of the Essene cause as is apparent in their language and the drift of their overall philosophy.   The Essenes have a palpable presence in the Bible, albeit a cloaked one.

The Essenes, General, were the most popular, the most esteemed, and the most influential of the Jewish sects. The Jewish historian Philo (20 BC-50 AD) devotes 90 percent of his description of the Jewish sects to the Essenes. He wrote that the Essenes  “dwell in many cities of Judea and in many villages and in great societies of many numbers”.

Hyppolytus of Rome (170-236 AD) devoted nine-and-half chapters to the Essenes and only one to the Sadducees.     The Essenes are the authors of the famous Dead Sea Scrolls, which were discovered in 1947 in Israel at a place called Qumran and which have given us even greater insight into the happenings in the first century than the Bible itself.

How did the Essene movement come about, General?  The Essenes, meaning “puritans of the faith”, were the Jewish sect that was the most loyal to the Davidic dynasty. They set themselves apart from the mainstream Jewish community circa 175 BC and established their headquarters at Qumran,  about 40 km from Jerusalem.

Since the Jewish nation revered the Davidic royal line, the only legitimate and rightful rulers of Judah in their view, they rallied to the Essenes en masse. And because the Essenes were disparaging of the Hasmonean rule (140 BC to 63 BC), the mainstream Jews also took a dismissive view of Hasmonean rule too.

The Essenes were so highly regarded because of their virtue and spirituality. The legendary Jewish historian Flavius Josephus (37-100 AD) writes thus of them: “They are more mutually affectionate than the others (Pharisees and Sadducees). Whereas these men shun the pleasures as vice, they consider self-control and not succumbing to the passions virtue  … Since [they are] despisers of wealth –  their communal stock is astonishing – one cannot find a person among them who has more in terms of possessions.

For by a law, those coming into the school (that is, the Essene fold) must yield up their funds to the order, with the result that in all [their ranks] neither the humiliation of poverty nor the superiority of wealth is detectable, but the assets of each one have been mixed in together, as if they were brothers, to create one fund for all.”

In time, the Essenes, General, became quite influential even with occupying powers. For instance, when the Greek General Pompey installed Hyrcanus II as ruler of  Palestine in 63 BC,  he sought the opinion  of the Essenes. The Essenes recommended that Hyrcanus go by the titles High Priest and Prince, not King, to which Pompey paid heed. In  142 BC, when Simon was installed by the Seleucids as ruler of Palestine, the Essenes had insisted on the same titular style. To the Essenes, everybody who occupied Israel’s seat of authority was simply holding fort for the real deal – the Davidic  King.

In 37 BC, when Herod became King of Palestine, the potential Davidic King was Jacob-Eliakim – the father of the Joseph of the gospels – who was an Essene himself. It was in order to win the blessings of the historically popular Jewish royal family that Herod sought to curry favour with the Essenes.

JACOB’S PACT WITH HEROD

About the time Herod came to power, General, there were three citizens of considerable stature in Palestine – Hillel, Menahem, and Jacob-Eliakim, the grandfather of Jesus. Hillel is by all accounts ancient Israel’s greatest teacher and scholar.

He was the foremost spiritual sage in the development of the Talmud and the Mishnah, the most authoritative religious references of the Jews which are second only to the Old Testament in esteem.   The renowned “Golden Rule”, which is invariably attributed to Jesus, was actually coined by Hillel. It is not certain whether Hillel was an Essene but his teachings did have a profound influence both on Essene philosophy and that of Jesus, who was an Essene too.

It was Menahem, however, who was an incontrovertible Essene. The Essenes were of two main branches, General. First, there were the puritans, the Palestinian Essenes. Then there were the liberals, the Diaspora Essenes, who sneered at the Palestinian Essenes’ dogmatism and rather strict views on morality. Menahem was the leader of the  Diaspora Essenes.

He was also privilleged to be advisor to King Herod. Herod did hold Menahem in very high regard. Josephus relates that when Herod was a school-going lad, Menahem had patted him on his back and said to him, “one day you will be King young man.” Since the prophecy came to pass, Herod had a certain, atypical respect both for Menahem and the order of Essenes.

Jacob-Eliakim’s significance was by virtue of his pedigree. He was of the royal line of David and was therefore the uncrowned King of the Jews. Now, as we have already indicated, Herod had his own grand designs about rulership of the world notwithstanding the fact that he was in reality a vassal of Rome.

When he made overtures to the trio, they didn’t mince words: they told him that in the new Israel, the Israel that would rule Earth once the Romans had been toppled from the pedestal of world power, it was a Davidic King who would reign. Herod took very strong  exception to such a prospect. Herod was neither a full-blooded Jew nor of Davidic stock but he was royalty in his own right.

His father, Antipater,  had been the governor of Idumea and in due course Judea in  the Hasmonean government and was in fact the real ruler of the entire Palestine, with John Hyrcanus being a  mere figurehead king.  When he (Herod) was only 25 years old, his father had appointed him governor of Galilee.   Herod thus had strutted the corridors of power from the day he was born and he wasn’t going to give that up easily either for his own sake or that of his descendants.

As such, General, Herod maintained to the trio that in the new, overarching Kingdom of Israel, he was going to be the emperor and would be based in Jerusalem. Just like the Greek empire of Alexander had been a triarchy (a kingdom divided into three governments), the global Kingdom of Israel (“Thy Kingdom Come” in the Lord’s Prayer) was going to be likewise.

There was going to be a ruler in the east, a ruler in the west, and a ruler in the centre, that is Jerusalem, under the oversight of Herod himself. Hillel would rule in Jerusalem; Menahem in the east; and Jacob-Eliakim in the west. If these three happened to have disappeared from the Earthly scene by the time the Kingdom of Israel came into being, their descendants would observe the same setup.

The pecking order would thus be like this: Herod as the emperor; Hillel as the senior king; Menahem as the second-ranked king; and Jacob-Eliakim as the junior king. Put differently, Herod had by the stroke of a pen reduced the Davidic dynasty from foremost to least important as it posed the most serious threat to his office. Meanwhile, the three kings-in-waiting would go by the names of the Old Testament patriarchs.

Hillel would henceforth be called the Abraham, or the Father (or Papa, which later morphed into Pope), since Abraham was the Father of the Jewish nation; Menahem would be called the Isaac (Abraham’s son); and Eliakim the Jacob (Isaac’s son). Half a loaf was better than nothing at all and so Jacob-Eliakim meekly accepted this arrangement.

When Jesus later said, “Many will come from east and west and sit at table with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in the new Kingdom of Heaven (MATTHEW 8:11),” he did not mean an afterlife kingdom: he referred to the Earthly setup proposed by King Herod.

FALLOUT WITH ESSENES

Those days, General, the Davidic heir used the title “Jacob” rather than “David” as the latter title was very risky, particularly under the Hasmonean government. Given that Joseph was the most beloved son of the Old Testament Jacob, the next in line, that is, the firstborn son of the Jacob, used the title “Joseph”.

In September 44 BC, a son was born to Jacob-Eliakim. As the crown prince to the Jacob, he was given the titular name Joseph, the name by which he became best-known.  Like his father Jacob-Eliakim, Joseph was a missionary. But he also had a trade. He was a carpenter, a boat builder primarily, and a master of his craft. The word translated “carpenter” in the Bible is the ancient Greek word “ho hekton” which means a master artisan or craftsman.

In 31 BC, Qumran, the Essenes’ Judean wilderness bastion, was struck by an earthquake. The hermitic Essenes had no choice but to trek back to Jerusalem, from where they operated indefinitely at a place they called the Essene Gate. Then in 23 BC, Herod struck again. He had Jacob-Eliakim killed on trumped-up charges of sedition, his motive simply being a continuation of a systematic purge of  the Davidic “pretenders” to his throne.

The Essenes were wroth. They now set about promulgating to the Diaspora Essenes that Herod would have no part to play in the coming Kingdom. Instead, the overall King would be Joseph, the son of Jacob-Eliakim. This, General, was the beginning of a permanent rift between Herod and the Essene sect.

THE SAGA OF JOSEPH

The prospective global world, General, was subdivided into ten provinces to facilitate governance and tax collection. Palestine would have two provinces, Judea and Samaria, the latter of which would include Galilee. Asia Minor (largely present-day Turkey), where the bulk of Diaspora Jews were concentrated, would have five provinces.

The last three provinces would be Babylon, Rome, and Alexandria in Egypt. The future capital of the West was not Rome: it was Ephesus in Asia Minor. Having been allocated the West, it was in Ephesus and Alexandria that Jacob-Eliakim spent most of his time evangelizing to fellow Jews about the future Kingdom of Israel. This was the beginning of the New Covenant, whereby Jews who converted to the ideal of a new Kingdom of Israel were baptised by immersion in water.

To mainstream Palestinian Jews, General, Jacob-Eliakim was a sellout. Herod had demoted his pedigree but to somewhat placate him, he gave him the honorary title of Patriarch or Prince of Jerusalem. By subordinating the Davidic throne-in-waiting to Herod, Jacob-Eliakim had  gone against what the nation of Israel’s God, Enlil, the Bible’s main Jehovah, decreed – that every King of Judah had to be a descendant of  David. So when the unpredictable Herod had him killed in 23 BC for “sedition”, as part of a pogrom against the line of David, there was very little sympathy for him.

In 44 BC, Joseph had been born to Jacob-Eliakim. Joseph was a title: it was not his real name. At the death of his father, Joseph became the Jacob. However, he preferred the title “David”, the more apt one historically. Joseph would become the father of Jesus. When Joseph attained 30 years of age in 14 BC, his uncles and the Essene sages sent him to Rome and Alexandria to do his part in missionary work, which was simply about promulgating to the Diaspora Jews the future Kingdom of Israel in which a Son of David, that is a descendant of King David, would rule.   Egypt was also a special place because Joseph’s maternal relations were Egyptians.

Jacob-Eliakim, General, had two wives. The one was called Euchariah, a Jewish princess, of whom very little is known, and the other, the dynastic wife, was an Egyptian princess, a daughter of Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Julius Caesar. Jacob-Eliakim and this princess had three sons: they were Joseph, the father of Jesus, and the twins Cleopas (after whom James, Jesus’ immediate younger brother, whose given name was Cleopas, was named) and Ptolas. Joseph was thus the Davidian Prince of Israel as well as contender to Crown Prince of Egypt. Despite pretences to the contrary on the part of the Jews, Egypt and Israel have always had ties of monarchical kinship.

In 8 BC, General, Joseph was required by Essene custom to return home and fulfill his obligations for a dynastic marriage. A wife-to-be had already been chosen for him by his uncles  and other patriarchal Essenes. This was Dorcas, better known today by her title name Mary.

NEXT WEEK: HOW HEROD MINIMISED THE HOUSE OF DAVID

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