Although Enki was a most benign and peaceable soul, his clan was a tumultuous lot. They scarcely came to terms and feuded and warred more often than not. Occasionally, some of them even allied with the Enlilites to wage war against a fellow Enkite.
When his brood scuffled or fought, the equable and gentle-natured Enki was largely a spectator. They were so intractable Enki simply locked himself in a closet to invoke the “Creator of All”, as the Anunnaki referred to the true God.
Enki, who had an Achilles prick, had children galore, some with fellow Anunnaki and others with Earthlings, but by far the overwhelming majority were female. This, arguably, was on account of the fact that like all the SSS males (the people of Orion, where Enki hailed from), he was born from an unfertilised egg and so his genetic proclivity was predominantly toward female offspring.
Sumerian records list the following as Enki’s pure Anunnaki sons: Marduk, Nergal, Gibil, Ninagal, Ningishzidda, and Dumuzi in that order. Of these, the most chronicled are Marduk, by virtual of his being Enki’s heir, and Ningishzidda, by virtue of his surpassing exploits and milestones across a spectrum of disciplines.
MARDUK THE GOD OF BABYLON
The name MARDUK is OME-ORI-DA-EKE in full, meaning “Supreme Divine Spirit/Master” (from ome [divine], ori [spirit or master], da [supreme], and eke [holy]). It was informed by the deity of the Orion Queen, Marduk’s paternal grandmother who was the most revered, venerated, and deified being in the Milky Way Galaxy at a time when Orion was the most powerful empire in our section of the cosmos. EKE was the title both of the Orion Queen and Enki himself. As Enki’s heir, it was fitting that Marduk bear the same title too.
Besides being Enki’s firstborn son, Marduk’s fame stemmed from two other attributes in the main.
First, he ruled Egypt, the capital state of Africa, for 1000 years (from 9670 to 8670 BC) under the title RA, meaning “The Bright One”. As Ra, Marduk was the Sun God, that is, one who like the Sun was there at the very beginning. He was also known as AMEN-RA. Amen meant “The Hidden One” or “The Unseen One”. This was the title of the real God who brought the Sun about. Amen-Ra thus merged First Source and the Sun into one entity personified in Marduk.
Second, at some stage during the astrological Age of Aries (2160-0 BC), Marduk assumed the title of Enlil. In other words, he became Earth’s Commander in Chief, though for a very brief spell only as the Enlilites soon spurned him and installed Enlil’s second-born son Nanna-Sin to rival him. Exactly how Marduk became the Enlil we will relate at a later stage. As the Enlil, Marduk renamed planet Nibiru after himself and introduced the decimal mathematical system (Base 10) we use today.
Marduk had from birth been tipped to inherit the Sirian-Orion throne after Enlil as per the terms of the merger of the Sirian and Orion empires. But he was disinherited when he went against the Anunnaki matrimonial code and became the first Anunnaki to marry an Earthling known as Sarpanit, which set a precedent for rank-and-file Anunnaki to follow. The Anunnaki were permitted to copulate with Earthlings all right and even procreate with them but marriage was strictly prohibited. For marrying Sarpanit, Marduk was also banned from ever returning to Nibiru or the throne planet of Sirius.
In earlier times, Marduk was based on Mars where he presided over the Igigi, the Anunnaki astronauts who manned the space stations and satellites in the orbits of both Earth and Mars. After the defeat of Kumarbi, however, he was recalled for a while but was reinstated in due course.
Marduk was a go-getter, by means foul or fair, even if it meant slugging it out with his brothers. For example, he precipitated what has become known as the Second Pyramid War when he had his youngest brother Dumuzi accidentally killed. He was sentenced to a slow death by entombment in the Giza Pyramid but the pleadings of Sarpanit saved him and his sentence was ultimately commuted to exile. At around 3113 BC, Marduk ejected his other brother Ningishzidda from the Egyptian throne, forcing his departure to South America.
During the zodiacal Age of Taurus, Marduk decided to build a spaceport in Babylon, where he was based, to rival the one in the Sinai Peninsula which was controlled by the Enlilites. A pro-Earthling dude like his father, Marduk wanted to train humans as astronauts too so that they could explore space and visit other heavenly bodies such as Mars and the Moon, but Enlil was having none of that. He had Marduk’s spaceport destroyed and Marduk’s people scattered all over the world where they were taught new languages and scripts that alienated them from each other. In the Bible, this incident is referred to as the Tower of Babel.
Marduk had three sons with Sarpanit. They were Shu, Tefnut, and Nabu. Of these, Nabu was the closest and the most ambitious on behalf of his father. It was through the instrumentality of Nabu that Marduk decided to capture the Sinai spaceport in 2024 BC with disastrous results: his armies were intercepted by the Enlilite forces commanded by the now famous General Abraham, and the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah which according to Abraham’s spies were sheltering Nabu were struck with nuclear weapons, causing Enki, who had brought mankind into existence, to go into a period of mourning that lasted seven years.
Marduk never quite got along with his father Enki, who he panned as too meek and too docile compared to Enlil.
Initially, Marduk’s numerical rank was 10. It rose to 50 when he became the Enlil in 2023 BC. He is historically associated with the planet Mars as the god Ares. His emblem was the mus-hus, described as a “a scaly dragon with hind legs resembling the talons of an eagle, feline (lion-like) forelegs, a long neck and tail, a horned head, a snake-like tongue, and a crest” (see accompanying sketch).
Marduk’s cult centre was Babylon, of which his name is largely invoked. In the Bible, Marduk is referred to as BEL (BA-AL in Akkadian, which simply meant “Lord”, in this case the Lord of the enemy – the Babylonians who were at odds with Enlil’s Hebrews) or MERODACH. The Old Testament scriptures ISAIAH 46:1 (“Bel bows down, Nebo [Nabu, his son] stoops low; their idols are borne by beasts of burden. The images that are carried about are burdensome, a burden for the weary) and JEREMIAH 50:2 ("Announce and proclaim among the nations, lift up a banner and proclaim it; keep nothing back, but say, 'Babylon will be captured; Bel will be put to shame, Merodach filled with terror. Her images will be put to shame and her idols filled with terror) both are talking about Marduk.
NINGISHZIDDA THE GOD OF KNOWLEDGE
If Enki was the Anunnaki’s foremost genius, Ningishzidda was not far behind. Although he was best known as the God of Knowledge, Ningishzidda actually mirrored Enki in a whole host of respects, the only difference being that unlike his skirt-chasing dad, he had very strong moral scruples. The Greeks invoked him as HERMES TRISMAGISTUS (“Thrice Greatest”: greatest of kings, greatest of magicians [magic here referring to ancient technology], greatest of priests).
Ningishzidda is the builder of the iconic Giza Pyramids. The Anunnaki’s Sinai spaceport and the famed Stonehenge were also built by him. It was Ningishzidda who carved the Sphinx, and the face it initially carried was his. When Enki genetically engineered mankind into existence in a laboratory in today’s East Africa, he was partnered by Ningishzidda. Ningishzidda was also capable of raising people from the dead if they had been dead for only a few days and this was just one of the many wonders he was capable of.
Like Nanna-Sin, the second-born son of Enlil, Ningishzidda was born on Earth. His mother was not Sarpanit though but Ereshkigal, the granddaughter of Enlil. That, coupled with his innate good-naturedness, made him a bridge-builder between the Enlilites and the Enkites and therefore a rallying point. Indeed, the name Ningishzidda means “Great Soul”, something he lived up to as he was the most spiritual and soulful of the Anunnaki.
When Marduk was banished to Babylon in 8670 BC, Enki and Enlil by a compromise compact installed Ningishzidda as ruler of Egypt. Ningishzidda ruled Egypt for 1560 years. During the Second Pyramid War, it was Ningishzidda who rescued Marduk from deathly confinement in the Giza Pyramid on the pleadings of his wife Sarpanit. This was in spite of the fact that the two brothers had long been estranged. The Egyptians called him THOTH, meaning “Teacher” as he was a seamless repository of knowledge.
At the height of his rivalry with Marduk over the Egyptian throne circa 3113 BC, Enki advised Ningishzidda to simply throw in the sponge and head far afield in Mesoamerica, where a new Anunnaki colony was to be founded. He took with him a band of faithful African followers now known as the Olmecs, with whom he brought about the Mayan civilisation. There, the Incas called him VIRACOCHA (“Creator of all there is”) whereas the Mayas and Aztecs called him QUETZALCOATL (“The Flying Serpent” because he was of serpentine evolutional ancestry through his father Enki and flew in a plane). His other title was KUKULCAN (which can be paraphrased as “Wise Being Who Flew in a Bird-like Craft”).
Ningishzidda contended for hegemony in Mesoamerica with Enlil’s combustive son Ishkur-Adad. As a result, the trouble–averse Ningishziddadeparted the place and settled in Asia, where he sparked a new age of enlightenment as the first Buddha. The countries Nepal (“Nepa-El”, meaning “Righteous God”) and Japan (whose name is actually Nippon, “NEPA-EN”, meaning “Righteous Lord”) are named after him. So too is the Himalayan Mountains (“Herma-Laya”, meaning “Great Teacher”). The principal tenets of Tibetan Buddhism (to me the most truthful religion on Earth) are based on the teachings of Ningishzidda, who was a vegetarian through and through.
After his Mesoamerican exploits, Ningishzidda came to be associated with the number 52 after he promised the Mayans that he was going to return after 5200 years. According to the Mayan prophecy, the return fell due in 2012, but Ningishzidda was nowhere to be seen. Their calculations apparently were out by a very long shot.
Ningishzidda’s consort wasGeshtinanna, his half-sister, who was born to Enki and Ninmah.
MARDUK’S BLOOD BROTHERS
To us Africans, it seems the most influential of Enki’s sons was Nergal. It was from Nergal we get the term “negro”, the black race. Nergal, Enki’s second son with his official wife Damkina, initially ruled southern Africa but it seems he later moved to West Africa as the river Niger is obviously named after him. Because he ruled southern Africa, the Abzu, which over time was miscomprehended as abyss, and was in charge of underground mines, he is in mythology referred to as the god of the underworld, also characterised as Hell.
His African warriors, the Kutheans, a formidable fighting force, at one time conquered swathes of Mesopotamia for a while during his short-lived alliance with Inanna-Ishtar, Enlil’s granddaughter. Circa 2024 BC, Nergal, who was also known as Erra, turned against his elder brother Marduk, resulting in the nuking of the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah by Utu-Shamash, Enlil’s grandson, and he (Nergal). Nergal was married to Ereshkigal, who in turn was Ningishizidda’s mother. Enki had Ningishzidda with Ereshkigal before she married Nergal thanks to the Anunnaki’s labyrinthine incestuous relationships.
Gibil, Enki’s third son with Damkina, was a metallurgist who worked very closely with his father in the Abzu mines of modern-day Zimbabwe and South Africa.
Ninagal was Enki’s fourth son with Damkina. Known as “Lord of the Great Waters”, that is, the seas, he was the Anunnaki’s greatest navigator and superintended over the shipping of ores from the Abzu to the Edin in Sumeria. It was Ninagal who assisted in the construction of Noah’s ark (actually a submarine) and it was he who piloted it throughout the duration of the floods, the only Anunnaki who remained on the Earth surface at that tempestuous time.
The ill-fated Dumuzi was Enki’s last born son with Damkina. Dumuzi, one of Enki’s most beloved sons, was an expert in animal husbandry. When he fell in love with Inanna-Ishtar and was in the process of tying the knot with her, Marduk took very strong exception and whilst Dumuzi was being pursued by Marduk’s men, he fell off a cliff and passed away, a death which precipitated the Second Pyramid War in which Inanna sought vengeance against Marduk. Most of the love poems in the Bible’s Song of Solomon are based on the Romeo- and-Juliet-like romance of Dumuzi and Inanna. When Adam was taken to Nibiru to be shown off to King Anu, he was accompanied by Dumuzi and Ningishzidda.
OSIRIS, SET AND HORUS
Osiris (Ashur), the most famous Egyptian “god” alongside Horus, was Enki’s most beloved grandchild. He was one of four children of Geb and his wife Nut. Geb and Nut had married as half-siblings, being the children of Marduk. Their four kids were sons Set and Osiris, and daughters Isis and Nephtys. But the state of affairs was not as straightforward as that.
Although Osiris was legally the son of Geb, his real father was Marduk, again thanks to the incestuous proclivities for which the Anunnaki were famed. Isis too was only legally the daughter of Geb: her real father was Ningishzidda. The only true children of Geb were Set and Nephtys. This had implications for the politics of succession for what it entailed was that Osiris, though younger than Set, ranked higher in the line of succession senior since Marduk was of senior pedigree. Moreover, Osiris was married to Isis, his half-sister, which further cemented his eligibility to the throne as according to the Anunnaki succession code, a half-sister took precedence over a full sister.
But in 8970 BC, Geb divided Egypt into north and south. The north he bequeathed to Osiris and the south to Set. Set, however, wanted all of Egypt to himself and therefore had Osiris murdered. To ensure the likes of Ningishzidda did not do a resuscitation job on him, Set had Osiris’s corpse cut into 14 pieces which he scattered all over the Egyptian wilds, then a lush jungle. Isis launched a dogged search, assisted by her father/uncle Ningishzidda, and at long last managed to retrieve all the parts except the genitalia, which were crucial as she wished to extract semen from the scrotal sac and impregnate herself with a view to raise a heir.
It was the inimitable Ningishzidda who did his “magic”. Using a process known as artificial meiosis (which still resides in the realm of theory in our day), Ningishzidda was able to create sperm cells from Osiris’s retrieved non-sexual parts. These were inseminated into Isis when she was ovulating and that’s how the legendary Horus was born.
When Horus came of age, after being raised secretly by her mother, he waged war against Seth, the First Pyramid War, and drove him out of Egypt. Seth’s wicked act against Osiris would over time see his name, SET-EN in full, meaning “Prince Set”, become a synonym of SATAN.
NEXT WEEK: THE GODDESSES
LIKE MESSIAH LIKE JESUS: The mus-hus as depicted on the Great Gate of Ishtar which stood at the entrance to Babylon. The mus-hus, from which Messiah, the title of Jesus, derives, was the emblem of Marduk, Enki’s firstborn son who was the god of Babylon in modern-day Iraq. It has been described as “a scaly dragon with hind legs resembling the talons of an eagle, feline (lion-like) forelegs, a long neck and tail, a horned head, a snake-like tongue, and a crest”. In addition to Marduk, Enki had five other sons, of whom Ningishzidda, a genius only second to Enki, is the most renowned. Enki’s most famous grandson and great grandson are Osiris and Horus, both of whom were prominent Egyptian gods. The Enkites were in the habit of fighting each other, far much more so than the rival Enlilites.
Seventy-seven years ago, on the evening of December 2, 1943, the Germans launched a surprise air raid on allied shipping in the Italian port of Bari, which was then the key supply centre for the British 8th army’s advance in Italy.
The attack was spearheaded by 105 Junkers JU88 bombers under the overall command of the infamous Air Marshal Wolfram von Richthofen (who had initially achieved international notoriety during the Spanish Civil War for his aerial bombardment of Guernica). In a little over an hour the German aircraft succeeded in sinking 28 transport and cargo ships, while further inflicting massive damage to the harbour’s facilities, resulting in the port being effectively put out of action for two months.
Over two thousand ground personnel were killed during the raid, with the release of a secret supply of mustard gas aboard one of the destroyed ships contributing to the death toll, as well as subsequent military and civilian casualties. The extent of the later is a controversy due to the fact that the American and British governments subsequently covered up the presence of the gas for decades.
At least five Batswana were killed and seven critically wounded during the raid, with one of the wounded being miraculously rescued floating unconscious out to sea with a head wound. He had been given up for dead when he returned to his unit fourteen days later. The fatalities and casualties all occurred when the enemy hit an ammunition ship adjacent to where 24 Batswana members of the African Pioneer Corps (APC) 1979 Smoke Company where posted.
Thereafter, the dozen surviving members of the unit distinguished themselves for their efficiency in putting up and maintaining smokescreens in their sector, which was credited with saving additional shipping. For his personal heroism in rallying his men following the initial explosions Company Corporal Chitu Bakombi was awarded the British Empire Medal, while his superior officer, Lieutenant N.F. Moor was later given an M.B.E.
Remember: bricks and cement are used to build a house, but mutual love, respect and companionship are used to build a HOME. And amongst His signs is this: He creates for you mates out of your own kind, so that you may find contentment (Sukoon) with them, and He engenders love and tenderness between you; in this behold, there are signs (messages) indeed for people who reflect and think (Quran 30:21).
This verse talks about contentment; this implies companionship, of their being together, sharing together, supporting one another and creating a home of peace. This verse also talks about love between them; this love is both physical and emotional. For love to exist it must be built on the foundation of a mutually supportive relationship guided by respect and tenderness. As the Quran says; ‘they are like garments for you, and you are garments for them (Quran 2:187)’. That means spouses should provide each other with comfort, intimacy and protection just as clothing protects, warms and dignifies the body.
In Islam marriage is considered an ‘ibaadah’, (an act of pleasing Allah) because it is about a commitment made to each other, that is built on mutual love, interdependence, integrity, trust, respect, companionship and harmony towards each other. It is about building of a home on an Islamic foundation in which peace and tranquillity reigns wherein your offspring are raised in an atmosphere conducive to a moral and upright upbringing so that when we all stand before Him (Allah) on that Promised Day, He will be pleased with them all.
Most marriages start out with great hopes and rosy dreams; spouses are truly committed to making their marriages work. However, as the pressures of life mount, many marriages change over time and it is quite common for some of them to run into problems and start to flounder as the reality of living with a spouse that does not meet with one’s pre-conceived ‘expectations’. However, with hard work and dedication, couples can keep their marriages strong and enjoyable. How is it done? What does it take to create a long-lasting, satisfying marriage?
Below are some of the points that have been taken from a marriage guidance article I read recently and adapted for this purposes.
POSITIVITY Spouses should have far more positive than negative interactions. If there is too much negativity — criticizing, demanding, name-calling, holding grudges, etc. — the relationship will suffer. However, if there is never any negativity, it probably means that frustrations and grievances are not getting ‘air time’ and unresolved tension is accumulating inside one or both partners waiting to ‘explode’ one day.
“Let not some men among you laugh at others: it may be that the (latter) are better than the (former): nor let some women laugh at others: it may be that the (latter) are better than the (former): nor defame nor be sarcastic to each other, nor call each other by (offensive) nicknames.” (49:11)
We all have our individual faults though we may not see them nor want to admit to them but we will easily identify them in others. The key is balance between the two extremes and being supportive of one another. To foster positivity in a marriage that help make them stable and happy, being affectionate, truly listening to each other, taking joy in each other’s achievements and being playful are just a few examples of positive interactions. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “The believers who show the most perfect faith are those who have the best character and the best of you are those who are best to their wives”
Another characteristic of happy marriages is empathy; understanding your spouses’ perspective by putting oneself in his or her shoes. By showing that understanding and identifying with your spouse is important for relationship satisfaction. Spouses are more likely to feel good about their marriage and if their partner expresses empathy towards them. Husbands and wives are more content in their relationships when they feel that their partners understand their thoughts and feelings.
Successful married couples grow with each other; it simply isn’t wise to put any person in charge of your happiness. You must be happy with yourself before anyone else can be. You are responsible for your actions, your attitudes and your happiness. Your spouse just enhances those things in your life. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “Treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and committed helpers.”
Successful marriages involve both spouses’ commitment to the relationship. The married couple should learn the art of compromise and this usually takes years. The largest parts of compromise are openness to the other’s point of view and good communication when differences arise.
When two people are truly dedicated to making their marriage work, despite the unavoidable challenges and obstacles that come, they are much more likely to have a relationship that lasts. Husbands and wives who only focus on themselves and their own desires are not as likely to find joy and satisfaction in their relationships.
Another basic need in a relationship is each partner wants to feel valued and respected. When people feel that their spouses truly accept them for who they are, they are usually more secure and confident in their relationships. Often, there is conflict in marriage because partners cannot accept the individual preferences of their spouses and try to demand change from one another. When one person tries to force change from another, he or she is usually met with resistance.
However, change is much more likely to occur when spouses respect differences and accept each other unconditionally. Basic acceptance is vital to a happy marriage. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “It is the generous (in character) who is good to women, and it is the wicked who insults them.” “Overlook (any human faults) with gracious forgiveness.” (Quran 15:85)
COMPASSION, MUTUAL LOVE AND RESPECT
Other important components of successful marriages are love, compassion and respect for each other. The fact is, as time passes and life becomes increasingly complicated, the marriage is often stressed and suffers as a result. A happy and successful marriage is based on equality. When one or the other dominates strongly, intimacy is replaced by fear of displeasing.
It is all too easy for spouses to lose touch with each other and neglect the love and romance that once came so easily. It is vital that husbands and wives continue to cultivate love and respect for each other throughout their lives. If they do, it is highly likely that their relationships will remain happy and satisfying. Move beyond the fantasy and unrealistic expectations and realize that marriage is about making a conscious choice to love and care for your spouse-even when you do not feel like it.
Seldom can one love someone for whom we have no respect. This also means that we have to learn to overlook and forgive the mistakes of one’s partner. In other words write the good about your partner in stone and the bad in dust, so that when the wind comes it blows away the bad and only the good remains.
Paramount of all, marriage must be based on the teachings of the Noble Qur’an and the teachings and guidance of our Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). To grow spiritually in your marriage requires that you learn to be less selfish and more loving, even during times of conflict. A marriage needs love, support, tolerance, honesty, respect, humility, realistic expectations and a sense of humour to be successful.
The past week or two has been a mixed grill of briefs in so far as the national employment picture is concerned. BDC just injected a further P64 million in Kromberg & Schubert, the automotive cable manufacturer and exporter, to help keep it afloat in the face of the COVID-19-engendered global economic apocalypse. The financial lifeline, which follows an earlier P36 million way back in 2017, hopefully guarantees the jobs of 2500, maybe for another year or two.
It was also reported that a bulb manufacturing company, which is two years old and is youth-led, is making waves in Selibe Phikwe. Called Bulb Word, it is the only bulb manufacturing operation in Botswana and employs 60 people. The figure is not insignificant in a town that had 5000 jobs offloaded in one fell swoop when BCL closed shop in 2016 under seemingly contrived circumstances, so that as I write, two or three buyers have submitted bids to acquire and exhume it from its stage-managed grave.