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The Day of Judgment in Islam

Iqbal Ebrahim
UNDERSTANDING ISLAM

Every mainstream religion believes that we will all have to die one day and will be raised again on the Day of Judgement. All the Divinely appointed prophets have promised this day. They were the messengers and warner’s sent from God. As believers we have no reason to reject or refute them we must believe in their words.

In the Quran this day has also been referred to as the Day of Reckoning, the Day of Decision, the Day of Resurrection, the Dooms day or the Day of Accountability. ‘We have not created the heavens and the earth and all that is between them in mere idle play. We created them all for nothing other than a true purpose, but most of them do not understand. The Day of Decision is the time appointed for all of them. It is a day when no friend shall be of the least avail to his friend, and when none shall receive support except those upon whom God will have bestowed His grace and mercy. He alone is the Almighty, the Ever-Merciful.’ (Quran 44: 38-42)

On the Day of Judgment people will emerge from their graves and congregate. The unbelievers will be raised with distressed faces and the righteous ones with vibrant faces.  The virtuous will be given the book, result sheet in to their right hands and the evil doers will be given in to their left hands.   

The Arabic word used for the Day of Judgment is “Qayamah” literally to raise- up. What is the reason for “Qayamah”? As at the end of our school lives we are given the results of our tests, we get our results based on our performance, we either get a pass or a fail. Similarly this is the day of natural and divine justice when everyone will get the results of his life’s examination.

Humans have been created pure but they are susceptible to tendencies of both good and evil. It is through our will and effort that we choose one path or the other, making ourselves ultimately liable to receive its reward or punishment, as the case may be. It is the day when judgment is made between those who followed true guidance and those who went astray; this day goodness will be rewarded and the evil humiliated; every one will be rewarded or punished according to his deeds. 

The Quran says: “Whoever works righteousness, man or woman, and has Faith, verily to him we will give a new life, a life that is good and pure, and we will bestow on such their reward according to the best of their actions.” (Quran 16:97).

In this day and age many people live their lives in a manner that almost shows disbelief in the Day of Reckoning. Every one of us has been given guidance through our religious teachings and it is up to us if we will act upon and follow those injunctions – the choice is ours. The manner in which we chose to live our lives determines our ultimate destiny. Imagine if there had been no concept of the Day of Judgment there would have been no human morality. Even with Divine Commands and religious guidance we still have many evils in this world and we fall prey to them. The Day of Judgement is the accounting for our deeds during our life on this earth.

We all desire justice in this world of ours therefore there will also be justice in the Hereafter as we will then face Divine Justice. As the saying goes you reap what you sow – We will receive the fruits of our deeds. Your mind is a garden. Your thoughts are the seeds. You can grow flowers. Or you can grow weeds. If one has sown flowers we should be plucking flowers. If one has sown thorns he should expect to pick thorns.

‘Everyman’s fate we have fastened on his own neck.  On the Day of Judgment we shall bring out for him a scroll, which he will see spread open.  Read thine record sufficient is thy soul this day to make out an account against you.’ (Quran 17:13-14).

In Islam the belief and concept is that of two angels assigned to each one of us, maintaining a record of every thought, word, action and movement, good or bad. The account of the deeds of each one of us is being maintained and recorded during his life period.  The day of judgement is the day of justice. Nobody will be wronged. His limbs will be his witness. It is very accurate record we will see our record and the ‘video film’ will be shown to us so that there is no doubt about our past actions. ‘The death from which you flee will truly overtake you; then will you be sent back to the knower of the things secret and open; and He will tell you (the truth) of the things you did.’ (Quran 62:8)

It is about divine justice and Allah promises that in the Quran about the virtuous and righteous people when He says; ‘But those who believe and work righteousness be admitted to gardens beneath which rivers flow –  to dwell therein for ever with the permission of their lord.’ (Quran 14:23).

Unfortunately in todays’ times there are many people the world over who proclaim to be sceptics, agnostics, non-believers or atheists, in other words do not believe in a God.  As a result of this they question or even disbelieve the logic about the Day of Judgment. Some of these unbelievers may even question as to how it can happen.  After death when we will be turned into dust, then how can we resurrect?  The Quran announces; ‘Does not man realize that we created him from fluid?  Yet he does not believe and forgets even his own creation. He says: who can give life to dry bones and decomposed ones at that and bring them back to life again.’ (Quran 36:79).

After giving the above argument of their birth, the Quran gives them another verse in which it says: “one of the clear divine signs is that you see the earth barren and desolate, but as soon as Allah pours rain on it, it comes to life and becomes fertile and green.  Allah who revives the dead earth to life will also revive the dead man to life.  Allah has power over all things.’ (Quran 41:39).

The Quran says: “We have not created the heavens and the earth and all that is between them in vain, though this is the belief of the infidels. Woe to the disbelievers; they will suffer the torment of the Hellfire. Do we consider the righteously striving believers equal to the evil doers in the earth?  Are the pious ones equal to those who openly commit sins?” (38:27-28).

May Allah Grant us guidance to do good deeds and abstain from evil deeds so that on the Day of Reckoning we will be granted the Heavenly abode.

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Export Processing Zones: How to Get SEZA to Sizzle

23rd September 2020
Export Processing Zone (EPZ) factory in Kenya

In 2005, the Business & Economic Advisory Council (BEAC) pitched the idea of the establishment of Special Economic Zones (SEZs) to the Mogae Administration.

It took five years before the SEZ policy was formulated, another five years before the relevant law was enacted, and a full three years before the Special Economic Zones Authority (SEZA) became operational.

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Egypt Bagged Again

23rd September 2020
Samson

… courtesy of infiltration stratagem by Jehovah-Enlil’s clan

With the passing of Joshua’s generation, General Atiku, the promised peace and prosperity of a land flowing with milk and honey disappeared, giving way to chaos and confusion.

Maybe Joshua himself was to blame for this shambolic state of affairs. He had failed to mentor a successor in the manner Moses had mentored him. He had left the nation without a central government or a human head of state but as a confederacy of twelve independent tribes without any unifying force except their Anunnaki gods.

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‘RO, ‘RO ‘RO YOUR ‘BOT

23rd September 2020

If I say the word ‘robot’ to you,  I can guess what would immediately spring to mind –  a cute little Android or animal-like creature with human or pet animal characteristics and a ‘heart’, that is to say to say a battery, of gold, the sort we’ve all seen in various movies and  tv shows.  Think R2D2 or 3CPO in Star Wars, Wall-E in the movie of the same name,  Sonny in I Robot, loveable rogue Bender in Futurama,  Johnny 5 in Short Circuit…

Of course there are the evil ones too, the sort that want to rise up and eliminate us  inferior humans – Roy Batty in Blade Runner, Schwarzenegger’s T-800 in The Terminator,  Box in Logan’s Run,  Police robots in Elysium and  Otomo in Robocop.

And that’s to name but a few.  As a general rule of thumb, the closer the robot is to human form, the more dangerous it is and of course the ultimate threat in any Sci-Fi movie is that the robots will turn the tables and become the masters, not the mechanical slaves.  And whilst we are in reality a long way from robotic domination, there are an increasing number of examples of  robotics in the workplace.

ROBOT BLOODHOUNDS Sometimes by the time that one of us smells something the damage has already begun – the smell of burning rubber or even worse, the smell of deadly gas. Thank goodness for a robot capable of quickly detecting and analyzing a smell from our very own footprint.

A*Library Bot The A*Star (Singapore) developed library bot which when books are equipped with RFID location chips, can scan shelves quickly seeking out-of-place titles.  It manoeuvres with ease around corners, enhances the sorting and searching of books, and can self-navigate the library facility during non-open hours.

DRUG-COMPOUNDING ROBOT Automated medicine distribution system, connected to the hospital prescription system. It’s goal? To manipulate a large variety of objects (i.e.: drug vials, syringes, and IV bags) normally used in the manual process of drugs compounding to facilitate stronger standardisation, create higher levels of patient safety, and lower the risk of hospital staff exposed to toxic substances.

AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY ROBOTS Applications include screw-driving, assembling, painting, trimming/cutting, pouring hazardous substances, labelling, welding, handling, quality control applications as well as tasks that require extreme precision,

AGRICULTURAL ROBOTS Ecrobotix, a Swiss technology firm has a solar-controlled ‘bot that not only can identify weeds but thereafter can treat them. Naio Technologies based in southwestern France has developed a robot with the ability to weed, hoe, and assist during harvesting. Energid Technologies has developed a citrus picking system that retrieves one piece of fruit every 2-3 seconds and Spain-based Agrobot has taken the treachery out of strawberry picking. Meanwhile, Blue River Technology has developed the LettuceBot2 that attaches itself to a tractor to thin out lettuce fields as well as prevent herbicide-resistant weeds. And that’s only scratching the finely-tilled soil.

INDUSTRIAL FLOOR SCRUBBERS The Global Automatic Floor Scrubber Machine boasts a 1.6HP motor that offers 113″ water lift, 180 RPM and a coverage rate of 17,000 sq. ft. per hour

These examples all come from the aptly-named site www.willrobotstakemyjob.com    because while these functions are labour-saving and ripe for automation, the increasing use of artificial intelligence in the workplace will undoubtedly lead to increasing reliance on machines and a resulting swathe of human redundancies in a broad spectrum of industries and services.

This process has been greatly boosted by the global pandemic due to a combination of a workforce on furlough, whether by decree or by choice, and the obvious advantages of using virus-free machines – I don’t think computer viruses count!  For example, it was suggested recently that their use might have a beneficial effect in care homes for the elderly, solving short staffing issues and cheering up the old folks with the novelty of having their tea, coffee and medicines delivered by glorified model cars.  It’s a theory, at any rate.

Already, customers at the South-Korean  fast-food chain No Brand Burger can avoid any interaction with a human server during the pandemic.  The chain is using robots to take orders, prepare food and bring meals out to diners.  Customers order and pay via touchscreen, then their request is sent to the kitchen where a cooking machine heats up the buns and patties. When it’s ready, a robot ‘waiter’ brings out their takeout bag.   

‘This is the first time I’ve actually seen such robots, so they are really amazing and fun,’ Shin Hyun Soo, an office worker at No Brand in Seoul for the first time, told the AP. 

Human workers add toppings to the burgers and wrap them up in takeout bags before passing them over to yellow-and-black serving robots, which have been compared to Minions. 

Also in Korea, the Italian restaurant chain Mad for Garlic is using serving robots even for sit-down customers. Using 3D space mapping and other technology, the electronic ‘waiter,’ known as Aglio Kim, navigates between tables with up to five orders.  Mad for Garlic manager Lee Young-ho said kids especially like the robots, which can carry up to 66lbs in their trays.

These catering robots look nothing like their human counterparts – in fact they are nothing more than glorified food trolleys so using our thumb rule from the movies, mankind is safe from imminent takeover but clearly  Korean hospitality sector workers’ jobs are not.

And right there is the dichotomy – replacement by stealth.  Remote-controlled robotic waiters and waitresses don’t need to be paid, they don’t go on strike and they don’t spread disease so it’s a sure bet their army is already on the march.

But there may be more redundancies on the way as well.  Have you noticed how AI designers have an inability to use words of more than one syllable?  So ‘robot’ has become ‘bot’ and ‘android’ simply ‘droid?  Well, guys, if you continue to build machines ultimately smarter than yourselves you ‘rons  may find yourself surplus to requirements too – that’s ‘moron’ to us polysyllabic humans”!

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