Much of the language we speak today on Earth originate not from here but from the stars, in particular the Orion and Sirius star systems. We too originate from there, at least partly, as we shall set down in detail at an appropriate time.
On the SSS World, the throne planet of Orion, the language they spoke had certain suffixial terms (word endings) which I wish to draw attention to if we are to understand the significance of the manifold titles of the Orion Queen, who was the overall monarch as being a predominantly matriarchal society, the Orion empire is not headed by a King. I will dwell on only five.
The suffix UR meant “the first and foremost” or “the original”. The suffix US meant “one who is of or belongs to …” The suffix U meant “those who are of …” The suffix I meant “one who is at the side of …” Finally, the suffix IM meant “those who are at the side of …”
It is curious that the Illuminati of our day use the same suffixes in their coded language but in a subtle way so that we don’t get the picture. The best example is the acronym USA. This is United States of America in full. But that is simply the surface connotation. The underlying meaning is something else.
The official version of how the name America came about is that it was in honour of the pioneering Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci (1454-1512). However, researchers have now debunked this claim. It has been found that Vespucci actually changed his first name from Alberigo, his original name, to Amerigo after his return from the Americas (North and South America). In other words, the continents were already known by the name America long before he turned up there. In any case, if the two continents were to be named after him, they would have been called Vespucca, after his surname. Landmarks are named after a legend’s surname (or both names in some cases) and not his first name. One example is America’s political capital, which is known as Washington and not George.
In their 1997 book, The Hiram Key, Christopher Knight and Robert Lomas aver that America is derived from the term “Merika”. Merika, the two authors allege, was the name given by the Mandeans (the first century religious grouping that emerged from the apostolate of John the Baptist) to a prospective paradise to the far west of the globe. This paradise was marked by the evening star, the planet Venus, which Mandeans called Merika. However, the two authors did not explicitly cite a source for such a notion. Even today when they are pressed to do so, they are evasive if nor bluntly dismissive. Authors who quote The Hiram Key attribute the idea of the US being Merika to Flavius Josephus but in none of his writing does Josephus employ the term “Merika” anywhere. In any case, Jorunn Jacobsen Buckley, in his 2002 book titled The Mandeans, demonstrate that the Mandeans believed that their paradise was to be found at the North Pole and not in the West. Having said that, where then did the name America stem from?
Well, one has to scour not modern history to find the answer but ancient history etched on clay tablets. America was named after Ningishzidda – Enki’s genius son who was also known as Thoth – who was the first Anunnaki to colonise the Americas along with his dark-skinned African aides known as the Olmecs. The Mayans of Central America, where he was headquartered, referred to Ningishizidda as the god Quetzalcoatl, meaning “The Winged/Feathered Serpent” (“Serpent” because he was of Orion origin and “Winged” because he flew in an aircraft). The Peruvians, however, called him Amaruca. Amaruca derived from the ancient compound word OME-ORI-EKE, which meant “Divine Creator Spirit”, or simply God. It was Amaruca which through a linguistic twist and the evolution simply of words became America.
This then cracks the code for the acronym USA. When the founding fathers (all Freemasons) assigned such a name to the country, what they were declaring to the Masonic fraternity was that they were dedicating the country to the Anunnaki gods. They were saying, “We belong to Amaruca’s race” (US = belongs to as we have stated above and A = Amaruca), or even more importantly that, “We are Reptilians”. It all makes sense really since the motto of America is “In God We Trust”. Which God? Not the First Source, the real creator, but impostor Reptilian gods! It all harps back to the Orion Queen folks.
THE ORION QUEEN’S VERY FAMILIAR TITLES
Sovereigns go by various titles, most of which tributary. There’s no single monarch who goes by only one title. By the same token, the Orion Queen had a slew of titles, some of which have carried over into the languages we speak here on Earth.
On the SSS World, motherhood was denominated by the term MA. Every mother was a MA. Since the Queen was a mother, she too was a MA. She was actually called “THE MA”. But she was not only a mother: she was the mother of the global nation. She was therefore addressed as Her Majesty Queen MA-MA. As we have pointed out before, doubling a name or title indicated seniority. The Queen was the Big Mama, the global Mummy.
The Queen was the First Citizen of the Orion Empire. As such, she was called THE MA-UR, meaning “First Lady”. Abbreviated, this became THE GREAT MAR. But because of the tendency on the SSS World to double titles of eminent personages, the Queen was called Her Majesty Queen MAR-MAR.
Now, in the Orion Empire, that is the SSS World plus other planets and star systems it had colonised in the 9th Sector of the Milky Way Galaxy – arguably the most powerful realm in the galaxy – the Orion Queen was recognised as the Queen of the Galactic Waters. The other name for Galactic Waters is the Ocean of the Khaa. Both these terms simply mean “cosmic space”. Since the Orion Queen was the Queen of the galactic space, the galactic space also went by the name THE GREAT MAR. This is the true origin of the Latin word Mar, which means “ocean” and from which we get such ocean-related terms as “marine” and “maritime”.
In an earlier article, we called attention to the fact that the females of the KHEB race (as the people of the SSS World called themselves) were on other worlds known simply as TT because of an aspect of their speech patterns. Their Queen, being foremost of women in the empire, was therefore referred to as Queen MA-TT, or Queen MA-TT-UR. MA-TT-UR is the true origin of our English word “mother”. As we all know, mother does not only refer to the most important woman in a nuclear family unit; it also refers to a matriarch such as “Mother Superior” in the Catholic orders for instance. All female-centred terms such as maternal, matriarch, matron, maternity, matricide, etc, stem from MA-TT or MA-TT-UR.
The same Queen of Orion was in other worlds also called Her Majesty Queen TT-TT, or Queen TTI-TTI (the true source of the English word “tit”). This was meant to emphasise the fact that she was the leading KHEB female. On the Earth of old, TTI-TTI was also pronounced as TTA-TTA – Ntate in Setswana/dad in English. In most Bantu languages, Tata or something like that is the way a father, grandfather, or a respected senior citizen is addressed. This is just one example of a term which originally meant one thing but was with time turned around to mean the direct opposite. Ntate was the Queen of Orion folks, not the King of Orion. I will be giving more examples of such words with reversed contemporary meanings as we go along.
The female population of the SSS World as we have already learnt were known in full as SSS-TT. A title of the Queen that derived from this term had to be doubled as per custom, so that she was called Queen SSSTT-SSSTT, or simply SST-SST when shortened. This was also pronounced as AST-AST. Throughout the Orion Empire, the Queen therefore became famously known as Queen AST-AST, with her throne referred to as the AST and the entire Orion Empire as the AST Empire. It is easy to understand then why the most famous Queen/Goddess of Egypt, Isis (her Greek name which was a shortened form of SSS-SSS) was known as Ast. It was clearly in honour of the Orion Queen, from which her lineage directly descended.
The people of Orion as mentioned above were known on other worlds as the SSS people (by virtue of repeated hiss sounds in their speech), indeed the reason the throne planet was called the SSS World. To denote that the Queen was the SSS sovereign, the people of the conquered worlds referred to her as Her Majesty Queen SSS-SSS. On some worlds, this was pronounced as SS-A-SS. As the First Citizen of the whole empire, her full title in this regard was shortened and rendered as SSA-UR, or simply SSAR. Does that ring a bell? Yes it does. In Russia, the King’s title was Tsar or Czar! This derived from SSAR no doubt.
It’s time you became aware folks that a great deal of the words we use in the languages of our day originate not from our world but from the world of an ancient Reptilian Queen.
HEAD OF SUPREME COURT
Like all sovereigns, the Orion Queen had a phalanx of royal assistants at the palace. As a group, the royal assistants (overwhelmingly female) were known as the SS-SS-IM, which simply meant those at the side of the Queen of the SSS World. When transposed, this gives us the English word “Miss”, whose meaning in one sense is a female assistant or deputy of some kind. The most loyal of these royal assistants were known as the SSI, or SS-US as a singular. SS-US is what eventually became Zeus in Greek, a title for their chief “god” who happened, now we know, to be the second-born son of the Anunnaki god Enlil (the Jehovah of the Bible) known as Nannar-Sin.
The entire Orion Empire had a supreme court which was the court of last resort. This court, which was based on the SSS World, was known as the N Court or the AN Court, which simply meant the Court of Heaven. The N Court was presided over by the Orion Queen herself. The bench comprised of 9 members – seven females and two males and all were royals. The seven females were the seven queens of the SSS World. Each of these queens went by the title N-N, NAN (maybe the source of “Nanny”?), or simply NIN. It explains why all the leading Anunnaki females had names that began with Nin – Ninmah (Enki and Enlil’s sister) and Ninaka (Inana, the notorious granddaughter of Enlil). On the other hand, the title of the two male members was EN, meaning Lord in this context. Again we see an echo of this in the names of the leading Anunnaki men such as Enki and Enlil for instance.
Here on Earth, we address judges as “My Lord”. The US Supreme Courts both at state and federal level have nine members. The expression “To the Nth Degree” is used to mean “to the utmost degree”. All these features of our nomenclature originate from Orion.
QUEEN OF SEXUAL BLING
The Orion Queen went by another title, KHAR (KH being an abbreviation of Eke, meaning sovereign, and AR being a shortened form of Ari, meaning spirit/master). This appellation entitled her to gratify herself in any way she desired. One of these ways was sexual pleasure.
In our world, particularly in modern times, sex is generally portrayed as harmful and in some cases even taboo. There are some who even consider it as desecrating and make a vow of lifelong abstinence from it, such as the monks and nuns of the Catholic faith. In the Reptilian worlds, however, sex (between opposite sexes) is a hallowed thing for as long as it is done out of genuine love and with mutual consent (Enki and Inanna, who were famed for being very sexually expressive, were not promiscuous folks: they were simply acting out the everyday culture of the place of their origin). In the Reptilian worlds, it is permitted to have sex with anybody – daughter, sister, aunt, in-laws, etc – for as long as they consent.
This is because Reptilians know the secret of sex. When it is done with mutual affection and unselfishly, it produces an electrical connection that opens new vistas of illumination, insight, and spiritual wisdom and therefore edifies both participants. It explains why another term for sexual intercourse is “knowing”. This is supposed to be deeper spiritual knowledge as opposed to superficial temporal knowledge. The electrical spark also boosts aspects of physical health in general. Sex should not simply be physical and emotional folks: it should primarily be mental and spiritual. Women, who are innately more spiritual than men, have a better approach to it than men because in their case it is largely mental.
In order to indulge the joy of sexual pleasure, the Queen of Orion had carefully selected, gigolo-type men who were dedicated to serve her on demand on a round robin basis and not orgiastically, which was more routine than seldom. These men were in youthful bloom, healthy, exceptionally good-looking, and fine physical specimens. They were KHAR-ISMATIC (yes, that is the true source of the English word “charisma”). Since they had such a privilleged status in the Queendom, they were known as the “Chosen Ones” or the “Anointed Ones”, what you would literally call “Christs” (more on this subject at a future date). They were said to be anointed ones because by sleeping with the Queen, their members were bathed in her womanly fluids – the highest treat any male could wish for and therefore his greatest aspiration in life. They were the Supreme Males of the empire.
The official title of these alpha males was KHARIM. Besides giving us the modern word charisma, KHARIM also supplied the English words “harem” (a string of women for a single man) and “harlot” (a woman with the habit of sleeping with different men). Here on Earth, it is women who have a unsavoury sexual reputation. On the SSS Reptilian World, it were men because they were very few and far between in a female dominated realm.
But although the KHARIM had the loftiest, most envied status among men, they also faced a certain peril. Failure to satisfy the Queen in any bout of intimacy invited serious reprisals. It entailed instant termination of office and automatic exile to another planet. You never gave the Mighty Queen bad sex by simply fumbling and faltering and got away with it: that’s how much the Queen loved good sex folks. She wanted it in good measure, shaken together, pressed down, and running over: no less.
“When honesty is lost, then wait for the Hour (the Day of Judgment)”. These are the words of Prophet Muhammed (pbuh). They paint a picture of the time leading up to the Day of Judgement, when righteous people will be sorrowful due to the lack of honesty around them.
Influence of materialism
Honesty, like morality, is an in built and essential characteristic of every human but the influence of materialism and the greed and desire for status, position, fame, wealth, etc. have wreaked havoc in human society, to an extent never seen before. In the 21st century, we live in a world where honesty is less valued than ever before and in fact even shunned at times. We expect people to be honest in their dealings with us yet we ourselves promote deceit and dishonesty through our action and speech on a daily basis.Many of us even watch and applaud television shows and movies that promote and encourage lying, infidelity and deceitfulness.
Desire for worldly gain
In the corporate world, ‘deceitful’ statements and figures are announced and pronounced to lure investors, glamorous yet deceitful adverts to attract customers, etc. have all become the norm and honesty goes out of the window. Even in the media industry, honesty seems to be waning very rapidly. Let alone the due regard of one’s conscience but without a second thought or due consideration of the rights of the others, stories are churned out with so-called “sensational” add-ons, etc. simply for the sake of being the “first” to break the news or for the sake of having the “best” story or maybe even for the sake of just having increased an readership or viewership.
Thoughtless individual behaviour
Without thinking, we indirectly teach our children that dishonesty is acceptable. When we expect our children to tell the caller on the telephone we are not home, this is a lesson in deceit. When we answer the cellphone and say that we are busy in a meeting yet we very much relaxed and free, or we say we are out of town yet we are at home, etc. we are being blatantly dishonest. When we refuse to settle our debts and dues making all sorts of pretences, we are actually lying. We admonish and reprimand our children for lying, yet the reality is we have been their teachers. Whether we tell lies, or whether we allow our children to live in a world surrounded by deceit, the lesson is learned and the honesty begins to disappear from the hearts of people – in particular the next generation.
Integrity and reliability
We must understand that honesty incorporates the concepts of truthfulness and reliability and it resides in all human thought, words, actions and relationships. It is more than just accuracy; it is more than just truthfulness, it denotes integrity or moral soundness. Belief in God Almighty commands truthfulness and forbids lying. In the Holy Quran, God Almighty commands that humans be honest: “O you who believe! Be conscious of God Almighty, and be with those who are true (in word and deeds).” (Ch9 : v 119). A renowned Holy Quran scholar explained the meaning of this verse. He said, “Being truthful and adhering to truthfulness, means you will be among the people of the truth (by speaking and behaving in a truthful manner) and be saved from calamity and that is what will really make a way out for you from your problems (in the long run)”.
Honesty and truthfulness go hand in hand
A true Believer, one who is truly submitted to God, has many characteristics by which he/she can be identified. The most obvious of these noble characteristics are honesty of character and truthfulness of speech. Prophet Muhammed (peace be upon him) was a perfect example of honesty. The records of history clear show that even before he was bestowed Prophet hood by The Almighty, he had earned the titles of “As Saadiq” (the truthful) and “Al Ameen” (the trustworthy one), within the community. They had full trust in his honesty and integrity to such a degree that they would accept anything he said. Prophet Muhammed (pbuh), once gathered all the people of Makkah at the base of Mount Safa and asked them, “O people of Makkah! If I say to you that an army is advancing on you from behind the mountains, will you believe me?” All said in one voice, “Yes, because we have never heard you telling a lie.” All the people, without exception, swore to his truthfulness and honesty because he had lived an unblemished and extremely upright life among them up to that point in time – for forty years.
Honesty in a comprehensive manner
This honesty, an essential ingredient of the human character, includes being truthful towards God by worshipping Him sincerely; being truthful to oneself, by adhering to God’s laws; and being truthful with others by speaking the truth and being honest in all dealings, such as buying, selling, social interaction, marriage,etc. There should be no deceiving, cheating, falsifying or withholding of information, thus a person should be the same on the inside as he/she is on the outside.
Prophet Muhammed (pbuh) informed us of the great benefits of living in an honest and truthful way and warned us of the dangers inherent in dishonesty and falsehood. He said: “Truthfulness leads to righteousness, and righteousness leads to Paradise. In addition, a person keeps on telling the truth until they are recorded by God Almighty as a very truthful person. And falsehood leads to wickedness (and evil-doing), and wickedness leads to the (Hell) Fire. In addition, and a person keeps on telling lies until they are recorded by God Almighty as a very great liar”.
For those who wish to be among the truthful, Prophet Muhammed (pbuh) has left us with these words of guidance, “Let he who believes in God and the Last Day either speak good or (otherwise) remain silent”.
A successful, vibrant society is based upon honesty and justice, and is intolerant of dishonesty in all its various forms. The Prophet Muhammed (pbuh) exhorted the faithful to be scrupulously honest in all their social dealings, business transactions, etc. at all times.
Although the interrogation ofJesus in a joint hearing by Annas and Caiaphas was not a trial, General Atiku, it was more or less conducted along the lines of a trial.
Jesus had a defending witness. This was one ofhis disciples, Bartholomew, whose real name was John Marcus. Apparently, Jesus was allowed only one such witness. Besides his principal accuser, the turncoat Judas Iscariot, there were a number of witnesses who testified against him. The gospels refer to them as false witnesses but this is probably an exaggeration: they simply misunderstood some of his statements largely because he tended to use allegorical language, which could be properly interpreted only by Gnostics. On occasion, he chose to be deliberately ambiguous, as when he said, “Do to Caesar what is due to Caesar and to God what is due to God.”
The crux of the matterwas whether there was anything in his conduct that could associate him with the Zealots. For example, he was accused of harbouring and voicing designs to destroy the Jerusalem Temple within “three days”. The Zealots did band about such threats, General. In truth, what they sought to destroy it was the Temple establishment – the priesthood and the Herodian Sadducees. The perception was that these somewhat benefitted from Roman patronage. Thus, if Jesus did instigate doing way with the Temple establishment by foul and crook, this could obviously not sit well with Annas and Caiaphas, both of whom belonged to this clique. But Jesus’ words had been taken out of context. In Gnostic language, the Temple (the correct translation should be “palace” as the Jewish word for temple and palace is the same) was the human body because it housed the real being – the spirit-soul. So what Jesus was saying to those who wished him ill, General, was that even if they physically killed him, his soul would continue to live (a person can be clinically dead but at the etheric level, he is irreversibly dead only after three days). Clearly, General, he was grossly misunderstood.
Jesus vehemently denied being a Zealot. He made it clear to the panel that every time he taught or preached, he was heard to promote peaceful co-existence with Rome. How then could he be a Zealot, who preached enmity with the Romans? Put differently, General, Jesus was saying he had played no part whatsoever in the November 32 AD riots against Pilate. The fact that Simon Zelotes was his father-in-law was pure happenstance.
In their heart of hearts, both Caiaphas and Annas were aware Jesus was not inclined to violence and therefore could not be a Zealot. So the matter they seized upon was his claim to be Priest, Prophet, and King. This was what revolted them the most, the sin for which they sought to teach him a lesson. The gospels say they set men (the Jerusalem Temple police who had escorted Caiaphas) on him who blindfolded him, slapped him around, spat on him, and dared him to “prophesy” as to “who has hit you” – a sneering allusion to his claim to be Priest and Prophet as only the High Priest could prophesy. This physical mockery did probably take place but there is an underlying symbolic language, General.When a person was spat upon (by a “holy man”, such as the High Priest), it meant he had been demoted from priest to a mere layman. A “blind man” was another characterisation for an Essene who was of Grade 8 level, a novice. A novice was not yet initiated and therefore he was blind because he had not yet “seen the light”, that is, not yet been illuminated.
What it all boils down to, General,is that by decree of the three priests Annas Sr, Caiaphas, and Jonathan Annas, Jesus had been downgraded from Grade 2, the third position in the Essene hierarchy (the first two being Grades 0 and 1), which was the position of the Davidic King (now held by his young brother James), to Grade 8, the position of a novice, a virtual nobody. Thus, when he appeared before Pontius Pilate, that was the status he would declare when his occupation was asked of him. This lowly social status would significantly bear upon Pilate’s psychology and therefore his contemplation of Jesus.
PETER DOES A JUDAS
Now, when a hearing or trial was in progress, General,the Essene rule was that there had to be two doorkeepers. These were two people who were close to the person who was the subject of the proceedings, typically a relative and an associate/friend.
In the case of Jesus, the doorkeepers he selected were Simon Peter and his mother Mary. Besides being Jesus’ disciple, Simon Peter was Jesus’ personal bodyguard and chief ecclesiastical minister. As the Davidic King, Jesus was entitled to a bodyguard and chief spokesman, both roles of which were ably performed by Peter. That made Peter arguably the closest to Jesus in an occupational sense. As for Mary, she substituted for Jesus’ wife Mary Magdalene, who was now three months pregnant and therefore was on mandatory separation from her husband according to Essene dynastic procreational rules. The two doorkeepers ceremonially opened the doors for the panelists or judges to enter the hearing room. As the male doorkeeper, Simon Peter stood by the door in the inner corridor whilst Mary stood by the same door in the outer corridor.
Peter, however, had been assigned another role – that of the rooster of the night. The rooster that crowed three times as per the gospels was not a bird, General: it was Simon Peter. “Rooster”, or “Cock”, was the term for a religious person assigned to call out the time. Remember, they had no clocks those days and at nighttime, the sundial, which was used during the day to read time, could not be used. So during a momentous occasion such as this one (the week of Passover), a person was detailed to announce the time every three hours at Qumran. Since Jesus’ hearing took place shortly before midnight, Peter was expected to announce the times at 00:00; 3 am; and 6 am. 3 am was specifically called cock-crow (see MARK 13:34). It was just before 3 am that Peter “denied” Jesus. He did not deny him at three intervals, General: he denied him only once but before three inquisitors.
Now, Simon Peter was also a Zealot, a point we have long underscored. It explains why in the gospels he comes across as combustible, argumentative, and highly assertive. He was known as Simon Bar-jonah, which has been wrong translated as “son of John”. Bar-jonah actually derived from “baryona”, which was Aramaic (the most widely spoken language of the day in Palestine) for “outlaw”. We know, courtesy ofFlavius Josephus, that Zealots were referred to as outlaws by the Romans. So as Jesus was being interrogated, one of the witnesses against him made mention of the fact that he must have been a Zealot since his own bodyguard was a Zealot. Peter was therefore instantly called upon to confirm or deny that he was a Zealot. As could be expected, Peter stoutly denied he was. He also proceeded to say that he was not as close to Jesus as many people thought.
Once he had exculpated himself, Peter resumed his vigil as doorkeeper. The hearing lasted for hours and there were intervals in between, during which Peter also took time off to warm himself before a fire. During one such break, Mary, Joseph (Jesus’ second brother) and James (the son of Zebedee) also confronted him and demanded to know why he without shame or scruple just stopped short of disowning Jesus. Peter was unflinching, saying they were all mistaken: he was not as close to Jesus as they thought. It was at this point that he stood up to announce the time 3 am for the hearings to resume. Shortly thereafter, it dawned on him that he had stabbed Jesus in the back and later apologised teary-eyed to Mary. The man Jesus called “Rocky” was far from being a rock: he was a chicken, a flip-flopper. Maybe it was no coincidence, General, that on this fateful night he was assigned the role of a male chicken!
That said, Peter had very valid reasons to deny Jesus anyway. Jesus had elevated Judas Iscariot to his second-in-command in an independent Israel at the Last Supper and Peter was irate that that role should have been entrusted to him and not to Judas. Maybe Jesus deserved Peter’s betrayal given that Peter had served him loyally through and through both as a bodyguard and confidante.
JUDAS TREACHERY BACKFIRES
Pontius Pilate, General, arrived at Qumran towards 6 in the morning to conduct a kangaroo court trial for the people wanted for the November 32 AD uprising in which some Roman soldiers were killed. Why, if we may ask, General,did the Roman governor have to travel all the way from Jerusalem, where he was based during the Passover week, to Qumran and not insist that the trial be held in Jerusalem itself?
There were two reasons for this in the main. First and foremost, there was something in it for him. He had been backhanded with a tantalising bribe by Herod Agrippa to excuse Judas Iscariot. We know Pilate was hopelessly weak where it came to palm-greasing and extra-legal trials. Philo, the Jewish philosopher and historian who was a contemporary ofPilate, records that Pilate was prone to corruption (a streak that ran through all Roman governors and of which the emperor himself was acutely aware) and “continuous executions without even a form of a trial”. Second, a trial of the leading Zealots in Jerusalem at Passover time would have provoked another uprising as Jerusalem at this time of the year swarmed with Galilean pilgrims most of whom were either Zealots or pro-Zealot. Qumran was therefore a safe venue as it was remote and was not crawling with too many people. The trial would thus pass practically unnoticed by the wider population.
Arriving at Qumran, Pilate was determined that he was going to sentence the culprits (save for Judas of course) to death. The November uprising had tarnished the record of his emperor: it was the only insurrection in Judea during the reign ofTiberius Caesar. Pilate would use the sentence as a showcase to the emperor that he was a no-nonsense man who did not in the least brook dissident tendencies.
Now, Herod Antipas had learnt of Agrippa’s bribe to Pilate and he and Agrippa rarely saw eye to eye, being rival claimants to the Jewish monarchy. Antipas was aware that the crucifixion Jesus would be subjected to would not be fatal but a partial one that would ensure his survival. However, Theudas Barabbas was too old to bear the strain of even partial crucifixion whereas Jesus and Simon Zelotes were much younger. Chances therefore were that Barabbas might perish right on the cross. So in a private meeting with Pilate before the trial commenced, Antipas offered Pilate a bribe substantially higher than that which Agrippa had given him. Accordingly, the two agreed that Judas should be reinstated as a culprit. At the same time, Barabbas should be released. It was game, set, and match, General.
MAKE-BELIEVE REFERAL TO ANTIPAS
The trial was held in the north vestry, the same place where the hearings by Annas and Caiaphas took place. Annas, Caiaphas, the Herods, and the brothers of Jesus were in attendance.
The trial, General, was a farce. The proceedings were almost wholly orchestrated. On trial was Judas Iscariot too, who courtesy ofthe Antipas bribe had been re-arrested, bringing the number ofrespondents in the dock to four. Judas, as the overall commander of the Zealots, pleaded guilty. That is what the gospels mean when they say he “hung himself”. Now penitent of having falsely implicated Jesus, Judas also told the court that Jesus was innocent and had played no part whatsoever in the November 32 AD insurrection. Judas’ absolution ofJesus is what is cryptically referred to in the gospels as “returning the 30 pieces of silver to the chief priest”, meaning he no longer was leader of the 30-man group that John the Baptist had established: its leadership had now reverted to the current Essene high priest Jonathan Annas. Judas was resultantly sentenced to death by crucifixion along with Simon Zelotes and Theudas Barabbas.
However, General, Agrippa was determined that Jesus be found guilty in order to get even with his brother-in-law Antipas. He and Caiaphas were in full flow, insisting that Jesus not only was a “Galilean”, which was another code name for Zealots, but he urged Jews to refrain from paying taxes and also fancied himself as “King of the Jews” when that title now belonged to Emperor Tiberius Caesar. This was treason and for that he deserved to die.
Although Pilate had no intentions of acquitting Jesus (it was he who was to be sacrificed for Barabbas as per his stratagem with Antipas), he at least wanted to superficially cast himself as a reasonable and impartial judge. Judas had exonerated Jesus and the priests had countered that. So Pilate announced to the gathering that since Jesus was of Galilean origin (he feigned ignorance of the fact that the term Galilean was used in the context ofhis being a Zealot), Herod Antipas, under whosejurisdiction Galilee fell, was to break the ice. Antipas was asked to try Jesus in another room and whatever verdict he rendered would be binding. This aspect was not part of the pre-plan with Antipas but Antipas did welcome it nonetheless as it openly underlined that in the eyes ofRome, he took precedence over his rival Agrippa. As for Agrippa, all he could do was froth at the mouth. From that day on, General, Pilate became his mortal enemy: on the other hand, Antipas and Pilate became abiding friends.
No one could have predicted what we have just gone through with COVID 19, lock downs, State of Emergency, banning of international travel etc. etc. In fact that’s not quite true as many had been predicating the possibility of a global pandemic for a while – I guess it was the case of not listening or not wanting to listen.
This week I was left thinking what life would be like if the internet crashed. This was prompted after being deprived of social media when the services of Facebook, Instagram & WhatsApp were disrupted for hours on Monday night. I am not much of a user of the 2 former platforms but I do use Whatsapp extensively and even had a call scheduled on the app which I was clearly unable to make. It is also the main way that I keep immediately updated of family whereabouts, comms etc.
Like many I felt quite cut off even though I could have made a normal telephone call or gone on the internet and sent mail messages. People kept saying that the internet was down because to some people Facebook is the internet!Twitter, realising this, saw it as the perfect time to enjoy its rare spotlight and tweeted “Hello literally everyone” from its main account. It garnered 2.4 million “likes” in just four hours and a stampede of users eager to sign up.
In other parts of the world where apps are essential to commerce, health care and basic functioning of government it was a serious matter. In India, doctors sounded the alarm about being unable to coordinate their schedules or share patient scans. And in Malaysia, some small-business owners were left without a way to manage day-to-day operations as all business communications are conducted through the app.
In many developing countries, services including WhatsApp, Facebook and Facebook Messenger have become deeply integrated into the delivery of primary health care, education and other government services,” Marcus Leaning, a digital media education professor at the University of Winchester in the U.K., said. “In the global North, we tend to (merely) use such services as supplementary to other channels of communication, so the global outage will have a disproportionate impact.”These platforms are also often offered on restricted-access (or non-smart) phones, meaning that those on lower income were disproportionatelydisaffected in 3rd World countries, our own included.
Meanwhile, as netizens (citizens of the internet) were feeling somewhat inconvenienced and annoyed, Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg took a financial hit losing $6 billion in just a few hours as Facebook stocks plunged, principally through lost advertising revenue and loss of business confidence and he himself personally dropped to No. 5 on the list of the world’s richest, below Gates. Talk about a bad day at the office!
The impact on myself was considerably less but with my ability to WhatsApp stopped I did feel quite put out and wondered what it would be like if the whole internet crashed one day and what that would it do to the markets, the military, the hospitals, not to mention how would I be able access all the movies on Netflix?
It couldn’t really happen, could it, if you understand that all the internet is, is a bunch of interconnected computers and that they would all have to crash at once? Conventional wisdom tells us that as a planetary network of computers and machines the internet is too big, too decentralised and too redundant to all fail at once? But wait! Didn’t they say something similar when the Titanic was built? Surely the lessons of that hubris are still valid today?
According to Laura Brandimarte, Assistant Professor, Management Information Systems, University of Arizona, ‘Everything being connected today may bring along significant convenience, but it also implies that everything can be hacked. What if the nation’s power grid were successfully attacked? No electricity also means no internet access. The internet also relies on physical infrastructure, such as subsea cables and other fiber cables: any infrastructure issues (cable cuts, damages), whether due to criminal activity or natural disasters that were to affect major subsea cables could potentially shut down the Internet.
In a different sense, authoritarian governments can also potentially shut down the internet if they somehow all colluded against it, either blocking internet access to citizens altogether (we have seen that in Egypt during the Arab Spring, for example, or in the Democratic Republic of the Congo HYPERLINK “https://www.rappler.com/world/regions/africa/81477-dr-congo-block-internet-kinshasa” \t “_blank” during a period of unrest); or substantially limiting it (we see that in countries where internet censorship is widespread and information access is controlled by the central government, as it happens in China). There are ways around censorship, of course: Privacy Enhancing Technologies, or PETs, such as virtual private networks or VPNs, and anonymous browsers such as Tor, can help circumvent it, but censorship essentially prevents the vast majority of the population, who may not be familiar with these tools, to access the internet, de facto making it disappear.’
And there are natural disasters that also could create havoc. Patrick Juola, a computer science professor at Duquesne University, offers up one such interplanetary electronic disaster. “A sufficiently powerful solar flare could produce an electromagnetic solar pulse [EMP] that would shut down most of the computers in the world. While some systems are protected against EMPs, any human-built protection is only so strong, and the sun can be a lot more powerful.”
An internet crash resulting from this type of solar flare sounds like science fiction or one of those once-every-10,000-years events, but it isn’t. The worst recorded X-class (highest level) solar flare, called the Carrington Event, was a coronal mass ejection that produced a geomagnetic storm that spread across the earth over two days, September 1-2, 1859. The storm produced auroras around the world. The ones in the northern hemisphere reached as far south as the Caribbean, and were so bright people in the north-eastern United States could read newspapers by their light at night. The major electric utilities affected were the telegraph systems that failed across Europe and North America. The telegraph pylons threw sparks and shocked operators still at their keys.
The frequency of recorded CMEs is worrying. Less powerful geomagnetic storms were recorded in 1921 and 1960, and a 1989 storm disabled power over large sections of Quebec. Then, on July 23, 2012, a “Carrington-lass” solar superstorm narrowly missed the earth by nine days when it crossed the planet’s orbit.
The Titanic was built to be unsinkable – all engineers and scientists agreed to that. Yet obviously they had not thought of every conceivable scenario and so when the boat was in the wrong place at the wrong time, the rest, as they say, was history. The same must be true of the internet. The thing that can take it down – not so much governmental censorship but some of that super global warming we hear so much about – could yet prove its downfall.Now that really is solar power!