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The Horus Factor

Benson C Saili

The baptism of Jesus was fraught with Anunnaki symbolism

In AD 29, Jesus was baptised in the River Jordan by John the Baptist. The baptism was to remain a moot point for a long time to come.

 For those who limit their inquiry into the Jesus story to the Bible only and who settle for the surface message of the scriptures, the implications of this baptism can be obscure. It is only when the gospels are read through the prism of the pesher device and relevant passages in some of the extra-biblical literature (including the so-called apocrypha that were excluded from the New Testament canon) are taken into account that one gets to the crux of the matter.

The baptism of Jesus by John militated against Pauline Christianity, which projected Jesus as the equal of God and therefore incapable of sin. People were therefore understandably forced to ask: if Jesus was inerrant, why did he have to be baptised by John for the remission of sins when he had no sins to repent of? Furthermore, in the context of ancient Judaism, rabbis or teachers baptised

their disciples: as such, Jesus’s baptism by John suggested rather persuasively that he was subordinate to and was mentored by the latter.

In the 40s AD, when the earlier versions of the gospels, as well some of the epistles of Paul, were written, both Jesus and John the Baptist were no longer on the scene but each had spawned his own movement and consequently his own following.

Thus the Johannites maintained that John was the greater of the two and the Christians were adamant that John was beneath Jesus. One reason, if not the principal one, the gospel of John arose was an attempt to rebut the view that the Baptist was superior to Jesus.

It explains why the writer of the Johannine gospel ensures that virtually every time he mentions the Baptist, he diminishes him relative to Jesus. In the gospel of John, the Baptist is made to deny that he was not the messiah, Elijah, or “the prophet” and to expressly admit that Jesus was greater than he. Clearly, this is not history we’re reading but political propagandism.

A disinclination to unequivocally admit to the “Lord’s” baptism by John is more than apparent in all the four gospels. Mark makes a point of mentioning that Jesus may have been baptised by John all right but the Baptist made it clear Jesus was preeminent in the greater scheme of things. Matthew categorically states that John was reluctant to baptise Jesus and that it was at Jesus’s insistence that John subjected him to the rite of immersion.

Luke equivocates: the message he seems to put across is that Jesus was not directly baptised by John (he makes mention of Jesus’s baptism only after John’s imprisonment). In the gospel of John, the baptism of Jesus by John is not even mentioned at all although it is implied. Just what exactly transpired?

First, let us recognise that the course of Jesus’s life was not spontaneous: it was being driven by the Illuminati of the day practically every step of the way, just as they today chart the course of affairs behind the scenes. These were the Anunnaki, the Old Testament gods who we now know were not gods at all but Aliens from another planet. Jesus was aware of their existence and their influence.  The apostle Paul too did come to know about them though by the time he did it was too late to turn back the clock and begin it all over again.

Just as the Illuminati of our day are obsessed with the bloodline thing (that is, dynastic genetics), the Anunnaki also were sticklers for lines of descent. The ancestry of Jesus did not begin with Abraham: it began with Adapa (who is not the same as Adam but like the rest of the human race stemmed from Adam), the first civilised human being who was fathered by Enki, the step brother to Enlil, called Jehovah in the Bible.

The line from Adapa all the way to Jesus and beyond was called the Sangreal. In English, this translates to “Holy Grail”. It was through the Sangreal that the Anunnaki had undertaken to indirectly rule the world. Although they were in two factions,  the Enlilites, led by Jehovah, and the Enkites, led by Enki, they typically  intermarried just to ensure they had equal claim to world rulership through the conjoined Sangreal line.

Now, the Anunnaki have a cyclical as opposed to a linear  way of conducting the affairs of Earth. They  to a lesser or greater degree duplicate events between time periods. King Solomon was very much aware of this phenomenon   and hence his assertion that, “There is nothing new under the sun. What has been will be again, what has been done will be done again” (ECCLESIASTES 1:9).

It is small wonder that when we read the history of “Saviour Sun Gods”, we find that the lives of  Horus of Egypt, Krishna of India, and Jesus of Nazareth  bear very striking parallels, a characteristic that has made modern-day historian naively dismiss such stories as the stuff of myth and legend.

Of course not every aspect of Jesus’s life as related in the gospels is historically true: there was a lot that was inserted to make the Jesus story more or less coincide with the Horus story. Such a scheme has been more than amply showcased by Gerald Massey in his book Ancient Egypt: The Light of the World.

Massey has shown that two Johns were associated with Horus, the Egyptian Anunnaki god who was a great great grandson of Enki and  who ruled Egypt for 300 years from the year 8683 BC. There was a John who baptised him and a John who wrote his story – the Two Witnesses. In the life of Jesus too is found two Johns: the John who baptised him and the John who wrote the book of Revelation, which unbeknown to most people  is a continuation of the life of Jesus and his family.

My brilliant friend LM Leteane, a columnist, author,  and researcher,  has  convincingly demonstrated that the John who was officially commissioned to document the saga of Jesus was Stephen (Stab-Aan, meaning “one like John”) but after he was killed at the instigation of Paul, another John,  the author of Revelation, stepped into the breach.

Jesus was baptised in the river Jordan and Horus was baptised in the river Iarutana, which is the same name pronounced differently. The John who baptised Horus was killed by decapitation and John the Baptist also died in exactly the same fashion.

The Bible,  folks,  has to be read with an informed mind. If you take it at face value, as most of the Christian clergy have, you will be under the  impression that you  are very knowledgeable about it when you actually know nothing! It is not seminary education or even a PhD in theology that will correctly illuminate you: it is your own quest for the real truth as institutional education, needless to say,  is pure indoctrination for the most part.  

According to the gospels, the baptism of Jesus by John the Baptist was marked by two “supernatural”  incidents. First, the “Holy Spirit” in the form of a dove  descended on him. Second, a voice from overhead bellowed out, saying, “This is my beloved son in whom I’m well pleased: listen to him”.

My fellow Brothers and Sisters in Christ will be disappointed to learn that nothing of the sort  happened. This embellishment was interpolated into the gospel by redactors who were acting under the say-so of the Anunnaki. It was the Horus story being grafted onto the Jesus story: it all harps back to ancient Egypt. Once, in ancient Egypt was the trinity of Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit (which simply meant sage, guru, or elder statesman).

These were Osiris, his son Horus, and his father Ra (Marduk) respectively – the Anunnaki,  who were addressed as gods by Earthlings. This was the clan of Enki that ruled ancient Egypt for 12,300 years according to the Egyptian priest  Manetho, who chronicled the history of Egypt in the 3rd century BC.

How many Christians are aware that when they are baptised in the name of “the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit”, they are actually being baptised in the names of  three Anunnaki gods? Now you will understand why throughout my more than 30 years as a Christian, I have stoutly refused to be baptised.

Horus was born “miraculously” so to speak. His father Osiris had been killed by Set, his half-brother, in the jockeying for the rulership of the whole of Egypt, and his body cut into pieces and scattered or over the Egyptian wilds, then lushly forested. Osiris’s wife Isis, however, managed to retrieve all the pieces except the most vital – the phallus, which she needed to extract sperm cells and produce a heir. Having failed to locate the phallus, Isis turned to her uncle Ningishizidda (Thoth).

Ningishzidda, who like his father Enki an all-knowing genius, produced sperm cells from the non-sexual cells of Osiris’s remains using a process known as artificial meiosis (which in our day still resides in the realm of theory). Isis then inseminated herself with these fashioned male gametes and that was how Horus was born. The virgin birth attributed to Jesus in the surface narrative of the gospels derive from the Horus story.

When Horus was baptised at age 30, the rite fundamentally marked three milestones. One of these was that he was now officially adopted by his grandfather Ra, the Holy Spirit,  as his son (having been fatherless). When he emerged from the water, Ra, who was in attendance, formally acknowledged  him as his “beloved son” just as the voice of God asserted in respect of Jesus. It was at this juncture that Horus adopted the symbol of a dove (indeed, Horus is in ancient depictions portrayed as a human with the head of a bird).

This  not only was the seal of approval by his new foster father Ra but it also denoted embodied wisdom. That’s why  the word translated “Holy Spirit” in the Bible actually means wisdom.   We see, therefore, that the dove imagery as well as the “voice of God” at the river Jordan is not historical. The event does have some underlying fact  but is strongly overlayed with Egyptian Anunnaki ritual

Besides marking his official adoption  by his grandfather Ra, Horus’s baptism had two other principal purposes.  First, it ordained him as the chief minister of the god Ra. We see the same thing with Jesus for it is only after the baptism that the ministry of a now “spirit-filled” Jesus commences in earnest. 

It is only after the baptism that we encounter statements like,  “And Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan, and was led in the Spirit” (LUKE 4:1/MATTHEW 4:1) and,  “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach good tidings to the poor: he hath sent me to proclaim release to the captives and recovery of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, to proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord. To-day hath the scripture been fulfilled in your ears” (LUKE 4:18-19). Paraphrased, what all this serves to underscore is that  Jesus was the new Horus whose mission had been commissioned by the Anunnaki, the Enkites in particular as opposed to the Enlilites.  

The other purpose of the baptism of Horus was to prepare him for a showdown with his arch-rival Set – the man (his uncle) who had murdered his father Osiris – for the throne of Egypt. Set‘s full name was Set-En, meaning Prince Set. Set-en is Satan in our day, a byword for “Devil”.  This is exactly what we see in the Jesus story. MATTHEW 4:1, which comes just after the baptism says, “Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the Devil”.

All in all, the so-called supernatural events that took place at the River Jordan were not history: they were interpolations lifted from the factual saga of the Anunnaki gods of ancient Egypt. They were inserted purely as political statements. For example, if God indeed volubly spoke at the baptism of Jesus, why did John later doubt Jesus when he was in prison, when he sent a message to Jesus wondering whether he was “the one to come or should we look for another?” (MATTHEW 11:3).

Yet just as Jesus was the Horus and John was the Anup, the gospel times had their equivalent of Set, the Satan or the Devil. Again this was not a supernatural being but a flesh-and-blood being.

His name was Judas Iscariot. It was Judas Iscariot who administered the temptation of Jesus in the wilderness.

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28th March 2023

In recent years, using personal devices in working environments has become so commonplace it now has its own acronym, BOYD (Bring Your Own Device).  But as employees skip between corporate tools and personal applications on their own devices, their actions introduce a number of possible risks that should be managed and mitigated with careful consideration.  Consider these examples:

Si-lwli, a small family-run business in Wales, is arguably as niche a company as you could find, producing talking toys used to promote the Welsh language. Their potential market is small, with only some 300,000 Welsh language speakers in the world and in reality the business is really more of a hobby for the husband-and-wife team, who both still have day jobs.  Yet, despite still managing to be successful in terms of sales, the business is now fighting for survival after recently falling prey to cybercriminals. Emails between Si-Iwli and their Chinese suppliers were intercepted by hackers who altered the banking details in the correspondence, causing Si-Iwli to hand over £18,000 (around P ¼ m) to the thieves. That might not sound much to a large enterprise, but to a small or medium business it can be devastating.

Another recent SMB hacking story which appeared in the Wall Street Journal concerned Innovative Higher Ed Consulting (IHED) Inc, a small New York start-up with a handful of employees. IHED didn’t even have a website, but fraudsters were able to run stolen credit card numbers through the company’s payment system and reverse the charges to the tune of $27,000, around the same loss faced by Si-Iwli.  As the WSJ put it, the hackers completely destroyed the company, forcing its owners to fold.

And in May 2019, the city of Baltimore’s computer system was hit by a ransomware attack, with hackers using a variant called RobinHood. The hack, which has lasted more than a month, paralysed the computer system for city employees, with the hackers demanding a payment in Bitcoin to give access back to the city.

Of course, hackers target governments or business giants  but small and medium businesses are certainly not immune. In fact, 67% of SMBs reported that they had experienced a cyber attack across a period of 12 months, according to a 2018 survey carried out by security research firm Ponemon Institute. Additionally, Verizon issued a report in May 2019 that small businesses accounted for 43% of its reported data breaches.  Once seen as less vulnerable than PCs, smartphone attacks are on the rise, with movements like the Dark Caracal spyware campaign underlining the allure of mobile devices to hackers. Last year, the US Federal Trade Commission released a statement calling for greater education on mobile security, coming at a time when around 42% of all Android devices are believed to not carry the latest security updates.

This is an era when employees increasingly use their smartphones for work-related purposes so is your business doing enough to protect against data breaches on their employees’ phones? The SME Cyber Crime Survey 2018 carried out for risk management specialists AON showed that more than 80% of small businesses did not view this as a threat yet if as shown, 67% of SMBs were said to have been victims of hacking, either the stats are wrong or business owners are underestimating their vulnerability.  A 2019 report by PricewaterhouseCoopers suggests the latter, stating that the majority of global businesses are unprepared for cyber attacks.

Consider that a workstation no longer means a desk in an office: It can be a phone in the back of a taxi or Uber; a laptop in a coffee shop, or a tablet in an airport lounge.  Wherever the device is used, employees can potentially install applications that could be harmful to your business, even from something as seemingly insignificant as clicking on an accidental download or opening a link on a phishing email.  Out of the physical workplace, your employees’ activities might not have the same protections as they would on a company-monitored PC.

Yet many businesses not only encourage their employees to work remotely, but assume working from coffee shops, bookstores, and airports can boost employees’ productivity.  Unfortunately, many remote hot spots do not provide secure Wi-Fi so if your employee is accessing their work account on unsecured public Wi-Fi,  sensitive business data could be at risk. Furthermore, even if your employee uses a company smartphone or has access to company data through a personal mobile device, there is always a chance data could be in jeopardy with a lost or stolen device, even information as basic as clients’ addresses and phone numbers.

BOYDs are also at risk from malware designed to harm and infect the host system, transmittable to smartphones when downloading malicious third-party apps.  Then there is ransomware, a type of malware used by hackers to specifically take control of a system’s data, blocking access or threatening to release sensitive information unless a ransom is paid such as the one which affected Baltimore.  Ransomware attacks are on the increase,  predicted to occur every 14 seconds, potentially costing billions of dollars per year.

Lastly there is phishing – the cyber equivalent of the metaphorical fishing exercise –  whereby  cybercriminals attempt to obtain sensitive data –usernames, passwords, credit card details –usually through a phoney email designed to look legitimate which directs the user to a fraudulent website or requests the data be emailed back directly. Most of us like to think we could recognize a phishing email when we see it, but these emails have become more sophisticated and can come through other forms of communication such as messaging apps.

Bottom line is to be aware of the potential problems with BOYDs and if in doubt,  consult your IT security consultants.  You can’t put the own-device genie back in the bottle but you can make data protection one of your three wishes!

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“I Propose to Diana Tonight”

28th March 2023

About five days before Princess Diana and Dodi Al Fayed landed in Paris, General Atiku, a certain Edward Williams was taking a walk in a woods in the Welsh town of Mountain Ash. Williams, then 73, was a psychic of some renown. He had in the past foretold assassination attempts on US President Ronald Reagan, which occurred on March 30, 1981, and Pope John Paul II, which came to pass on May 13, 1981.

As he trudged the woods, Williams  had a sudden premonition that pointed to Diana’s imminent fate as per Christopher Andersen’s book The Day Diana Died. “When the vision struck me, it was as if everything around me was obscured and replaced by shadowy figures,” Williams was later to reminisce. “In the middle was the face of Princess Diana. Her expression was sad and full of pathos. She was wearing what looked like a floral dress with a short dark cardigan. But it was vague. I went cold with fear and knew it was a sign that she was in danger.”

Williams hastily beat a retreat to his home, which he shared with his wife Mary, and related to her his presentiment, trembling like an aspen leaf as he did so. “I have never seen him so upset,” Mary recounted. “He felt he was given a sign and when he came back from his walk he was deeply shaken.”

The following day, Williams frantically sauntered into a police station to inform the police of his premonition. The officer who attended to him would have dismissed him as no more than a crackpot but he treated him seriously in view of the accuracy of his past predictions. He  took a statement and immediately passed it on to the Special Branch Investigative  Unit.

The report read as follows:

“On 27 August, at 14:12 hrs, a man by the name of Edward Williams came to Mountain Ash police station. He said he was a psychic and predicted that Princess Diana was going to die. In previous years, he has predicted that the Pope and Ronald Reagan were going to be the victims of assassination attempts. On both occasions he was proved to be correct. Mr Williams appeared to be quite normal.”

Williams, General, was spot-on as usual: four days later, the princess was no more.

Meanwhile, General,  even as Dodi and Diana were making their way to the Fayed-owned Ritz Hotel in central Paris, British newspapers were awash with headlines that suggested Diana was kind of deranged. Writes Andrew Morton in Diana in Pursuit of Love: “In The Independent Diana was described as ‘a woman with fundamentally nothing to say about anything’. She was ‘suffering from a form of arrested development’. ‘Isn’t it time she started using her head?’ asked The Mail on Sunday. The Sunday Mirror printed a special supplement entitled ‘A Story of Love’; The News of the World claimed that William had demanded that Diana should split from Dodi: ‘William can’t help it, he just doesn’t like the man.’ William was reportedly ‘horrified’ and ‘doesn’t think Mr Fayed is good for his mother’ – or was that just the press projecting their own prejudices? The upmarket Sunday Times newspaper, which had first serialised my biography of the princess, now put her in the psychiatrist’s chair for daring to be wooed by a Muslim. The pop-psychologist Oliver James put Diana ‘On the Couch’, asking why she was so ‘depressed’ and desperate for love. Other tabloids piled in with dire prognostications – about Prince Philip’s hostility to the relationship, Diana’s prospect of exile, and the social ostracism she would face if she married Dodi.”


Before Diana and Dodi departed the Villa Windsor sometime after 16 hrs, General, one of Dodi’s bodyguards Trevor Rees-Jones furtively asked Diana as to what the programme for the evening was. This Trevor did out of sheer desperation as Dodi had ceased and desisted from telling members of his security detail, let alone anyone else for that matter, what his onward destination was for fear that that piece of information would be passed on to the paparazzi. Diana kindly obliged Trevor though her response was terse and scarcely revealing. “Well, eventually we will be going out to a restaurant”, that was all Diana said. Without advance knowledge of exactly what restaurant that was, Trevor and his colleagues’ hands were tied: they could not do a recce on it as was standard practice for the security team of a VIP principal.  Dodi certainly, General, was being recklessly by throwing such caution to the winds.

At about 16:30, Diana and Dodi drew up at the Ritz Hotel, where they were received by acting hotel manager Claude Roulet.  The front entrance of the hotel was already crawling with paparazzi, as a result of which the couple took the precaution of using the rear entrance, where hopefully they would make their entry unperturbed and unmolested. The first thing they did when they were ensconced in the now $10,000 a night Imperial Suite was to spend some time on their mobiles and set about touching base with friends, relations, and associates.  Diana called at least two people, her clairvoyant friend Rita Rogers and her favourite journalist Richard Kay of The Daily Mail.

Rita, General,  was alarmed that Diana had proceeded to venture to Paris notwithstanding the warning she had given Dodi and herself in relation to what she had seen of him  in the crystal ball when the couple had consulted her. When quizzed as to what the hell she indeed was doing in Paris at that juncture, Diana replied that she and Dodi had simply come to do some shopping, which though partially true was not the material reason they were there. “But Diana, remember what I told Dodi,” Rita said somewhat reprovingly. Diana a bit apprehensively replied, “Yes I remember. I will be careful. I promise.” Well,  she did not live up to her promise as we shall soon unpack General.

As for Richard Kay, Diana made known to him that, “I have decided I am going to radically change my life. I am going to complete my obligations to charities and to the anti-personnel land mines cause, but in November I want to completely withdraw from formal public life.”

Once she was done with her round of calls, Diana went down to the hair saloon by the hotel swimming pool to have her hair washed and blow-dried ahead of the scheduled evening dinner.


Since the main object of their Paris trip was to pick up the “Tell Me Yes” engagement ring  Dodi had ordered in Monte Carlo a week earlier, Dodi decided to check on Repossi Jewellery, which was right within the Ritz prencincts, known as the Place Vendome.  It could have taken less than a minute for Dodi to get to the store on foot but he decided to use a car to outsmart the paparazzi invasion. He was driven there by Trevor Rees-Jones, with Alexander Kez Wingfield and Claude Roulet following on foot, though he entered the shop alone.

The Repossi store had closed for the holiday season but Alberto Repossi, accompanied by his wife and brother-in-law,  had decided to travel all the way from his home in Monaco  and momentarily open it for the sake of the potentially highly lucrative  Dodi transaction.  Alberto, however, disappointed Dodi as the ring he had chosen was not the one  he produced. The one he showed Dodi was pricier and perhaps more exquisite but Dodi  was adamant that he wanted the exact one he had ordered as that was what Diana herself had picked. It was a ploy  on the part of Repossi to make a real killing on the sale, his excuse to that effect being that Diana deserved a ring tha was well worthy of her social pedigree.  With Dodi having expressed disaffection, Repossi rendered his apologies and assured Dodi he would make the right ring available shortly, whereupon Dodi repaired back to the hotel to await its delivery. But Dodi  did insist nonetheless that the pricier ring be delivered too in case it appealed to Diana anyway.

Repossi delivered the two rings an hour later. They were collected by Roulet. On inspecting them, Dodi chose the very one he had seen in Monte Carlo, apparently at the insistence of Diana.  There is a possibility that Diana, who was very much aware of her public image and was not comfortable with ostentatious displays of wealth, may have deliberately shown an interest in a less expensive engagement ring. It  may have been a purely romantic as opposed to a prestigious  choice for her.

The value of the ring, which was found on a wardrobe shelf in Dodi’s apartment after the crash,  has been estimated to be between $20,000 and $250,000 as Repossi has always refused to be drawn into revealing how much Dodi paid for it. The sum, which enjoyed a 25 percent discount, was in truth paid for not by Dodi himself but by his father as was the usual practice.

Dodi was also shown Repossi’s sketches for a bracelet, a watch, and earrings which he proposed to create if Diana approved of them.


At about 7 pm,  Dodi and Diana left the Ritz and headed for Dodi’s apartment at a place known as the Arc de Trompe. They went there to properly tog themselves out for the scheduled evening dinner. They spent two hours at the luxurious apartment. As usual, the ubiquitous paparazzi were patiently waiting for them there.

As they lingered in the apartment, Dodi beckoned over to his butler Rene Delorm  and showed him  the engagement ring. “Dodi came into my kitchen,” Delorm relates. “He looked into the hallway to check that Diana couldn’t hear and reached into his pocket and pulled out the box … He said, ‘Rene, I’m going to propose to the princess tonight. Make sure that we have champagne on ice when we come back from dinner’.” Rene described the ring as “a spectacular diamond encrusted ring, a massive emerald surrounded by a cluster of diamonds, set on a yellow and white gold band sitting in a small light-grey velvet box”.

Just before 9 pm, Dodi called the brother of his step-father, Hassan Yassen, who also was staying at the Ritz  that night, and told him that he hoped to get married to Diana by the end of the year.

Later that same evening, both Dodi and Diana would talk to Mohamed Al Fayed, Dodi’s dad, and make known to him their pre-nuptial intentions. “They called me and said we’re coming back  (to London) on Sunday (August 31) and on Monday (September 1) they are

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RAMADAN – The Blessed Month of Fasting

28th March 2023

Ramadan is the fasting month for Muslims, where over one billion Muslims throughout the world fast from dawn to sunset, and pray additional prayers at night. It is a time for inner reflection, devotion to Allah, and self-control. It is the ninth month in the Islamic calendar. As you read this Muslims the world over have already begun fasting as the month of Ramadan has commenced (depending on the sighting of the new moon).

‘The month of Ramadan is that in which the Qur’an was revealed as guidance for people, in it are clear signs of guidance and Criterion, therefore whoever of you who witnesses this month, it is obligatory on him to fast it. But whoever is ill or traveling let him fast the same number of other days, God desires ease for you and not hardship, and He desires that you complete the ordained period and glorify God for His guidance to you, that you may be grateful”. Holy Qur’an  (2 : 185)

Fasting during Ramadan is one of the five pillars upon which the structure of Islam is built. The other four are: the declaration of one’s belief in Allah’s oneness and in the message of Muhammad (PBUH); regular attendance to prayer; payment of zakaat (obligatory charity); and the pilgrimage to Mecca.

As explained in an earlier article, fasting includes total abstinence from eating, drinking, smoking, refraining from obscenity, avoiding getting into arguments and including abstaining from marital relations, from sunrise to sunset. While fasting may appear to some as difficult Muslims see it as an opportunity to get closer to their Lord, a chance to develop spiritually and at the same time the act of fasting builds character, discipline and self-restraint.

Just as our cars require servicing at regular intervals, so do Muslims consider Ramadan as a month in which the body and spirit undergoes as it were a ‘full service’. This ‘service’ includes heightened spiritual awareness both the mental and physical aspects and also the body undergoing a process of detoxification and some of the organs get to ‘rest’ through fasting.

Because of the intensive devotional activity fasting, Ramadan has a particularly high importance, derived from its very personal nature as an act of worship but there is nothing to stop anyone from privately violating Allah’s commandment of fasting if one chooses to do so by claiming to be fasting yet eating on the sly. This means that although fasting is obligatory, its observance is purely voluntary. If a person claims to be a Muslim, he is expected to fast in Ramadan.


The reward Allah gives for proper fasting is very generous. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) quotes Allah as saying: “All actions done by a human being are his own except fasting, which belongs to Me and I will reward it accordingly.” We are also told by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) that the reward for proper fasting is admittance into heaven.

Fasting earns great reward when it is done in a ‘proper’ manner. This is because every Muslim is required to make his worship perfect. For example perfection of fasting can be achieved through restraint of one’s feelings and emotions. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said that when fasting, a person should not allow himself to be drawn into a quarrel or a slanging match. He teaches us: “On a day of fasting, let no one of you indulge in any obscenity, or enter into a slanging match. Should someone abuse or fight him, let him respond by saying: ‘I am fasting!’”

This high standard of self-restraint fits in well with fasting, which is considered as an act of self-discipline. Islam requires us to couple patience with voluntary abstention from indulgence in our physical desires. The purpose of fasting helps man to attain a high degree of sublimity, discipline and self-restraint. In other words, this standard CAN BE achieved by every Muslim who knows the purpose of fasting and strives to fulfill it.

Fasting has another special aspect. It makes all people share in the feelings of hunger and thirst. In normal circumstances, people with decent income may go from one year’s end to another without experiencing the pangs of hunger which a poor person may feel every day of his life. Such an experience helps to draw the rich one’s conscience nearer to needs of the poor. A Muslim is encouraged to be more charitable and learns to give generously for a good cause.

Fasting also has a universal or communal aspect to it. As Muslims throughout the world share in this blessed act of worship, their sense of unity is enhanced by the fact that every Muslim individual joins willingly in the fulfillment of this divine commandment. This is a unity of action and purpose, since they all fast in order to be better human beings. As a person restrains himself from the things he desires most, in the hope that he will earn Allah’s pleasure, self-discipline and sacrifice become part of his nature.

The month of Ramadan can aptly be described as a “season of worship.” Fasting is the main aspect of worship in this month, because people are more attentive to their prayers, read the Qur’an more frequently and also strive to improve on their inner and outer character. Thus, their devotion is more complete and they feel much happier in Ramadan because they feel themselves to be closer to their Creator.

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