It was indeed refreshing to read an article in the Weekend Post edition of 17th January 2015 by Kgosi Kgafela II titled “2015 is a year for forgiveness”. After stating that Bakgatla have, for the past six years, undergone a remarkable journey of challenges in Botswana and South Africa, Kgosi Kgafela II states several significant issues which I consider hereunder. In making such consideration, the underlying theme of my intervention will be that, for the sake of our beloved country, government and Bakgatla should forgive each other and reconcile.
Firstly, Kgosi Kgafela II says “through these challenges, we have exposed the truth where it mattered most, consequent to which we have gained valuable lessons about the status of society and the future we should build”. As regards ‘exposing the truth’, there is no doubt that government would also profess that, in seeking to enforce the law, it stood by the truth. However, both government and Bakgatla would agree that each of them, as per Kgosi Kgafela II’s words, ‘gained valuable lessons about the status of society and the future we should build’.
The lesson that Bakgatla may have learnt from this six year journey is that because our law is influenced by the Positivist as opposed to the Natural approach, our law is not "Law as it ought to be" or "Society as it ought to be", but, as the English jurist John Austin (1790-1859) said, “The existence of law is one thing; its merit and demerit another. Whether it be or be not is one enquiry; whether it be or be not conformable to an assumed standard, is a different enquiry.” (1832, p. 157). Therefore, even if Bakgatla’s view on our law (e.g. the validity of the Constitution) had some merit from a Naturalist point of view, government’s view was always going to prevail from a Positivist point of view.
On the other hand, government’s greatest lesson may have been that when dealing with a Kgosi, especially if he or she has the support of his or her tribe like Kgosi Kgafela II has, you cannot pretend that you are dealing with an ordinary person. Government should have learnt this lesson when it, in 1994, suspended Kgosi Seapapitso IV and installed his son, the then heir apparent, Leema Gaseitsiwe, on acting capacity.
There arose such acrimony between government and BaNgwaketse that government business in the tribal area was compromised. Leema Gaseitsiwe’s life would never be the same because though he was, after Kgosi Seapapitso IV’s reinstatement, appointed as Court President in Jwaneng where he worked before he had car accident in 1999 which left him paralyzed, he never lived like an heir apparent until his death.
Though in terms of the doctrine of the rule of law our law rightly provides that all are equal before the law, just like the state President, cabinet ministers, Diplomats and Members of Parliament (MPs) are not treated as ordinary people, a Kgosi cannot be treated as an ordinary person. While enforcement of the law should be without fear or favour as our Constitution demands, diplomacy, privilege, or, at the bare minimum, etiquette, should have informed government to deal with Kgosi Kgafela II differently.
Secondly, Kgosi Kgafela II says “our names have indeed risen from the ashes… and resurrected a new life through serendipitous circumstances”. Though he says this in reference to his publication, The King’s Journal, I wish to construe this to mean that, though it took too long, reconciliation efforts between Bakgatla and government have commenced.
Though it will have been born of serendipitous circumstances, as Kgosi Kgafela II says, the peace and harmony that would emanate therefrom will be a resurrection of a new life where Bakgatla, like other tribes, live in peace and harmony with their government. Not only that. It will also be a resurrection of a new life where Bakgatla, like other tribes, live in peace and harmony with each other since the stand-off inevitably divided both the tribe and the royal family.
Thirdly, and perhaps most importantly, Kgosi Kgafela II says “the Greatest Lessons learnt so far, are those of forgiveness; where we shall find in 2015 people forgiving their adversaries for the perceived wrongs committed – as King David did in 2 Samuel Chapter 18 & 19”.
It is this phrase which persuaded me to write this article for I hear from Kgosi Kgafela II a yearning for forgiveness between Bakgatla and government. Therefore, regardless of the perceived wrong that either party believes the other has committed there should be forgiveness. If forgiveness can be possible between adversaries, as King David did, there can certainly be forgiveness between Bakgatla and government since they are not adversaries.
Fourthly, Kgosi Kgafela II says “the forgiveness discussed is not the false type designed to conceal cowardice, or to obfuscate responsibility; but one that comes from the bottom of the heart, as a result of having appreciated the lessons of Nature arising in a challenge: And applying those lessons in a way aimed at bringing about a miracle of change taught in the book ‘A Course in Miracles”. Certainly, if Bakgatla, Kgosi Kgafela II in particular, and government have learnt the lessons from their stand-off the forgiveness described herein should be possible.
In the result, Bakgatla, Kgosi Kgafela II in particular, and government have to swallow their pride and take responsibility for their actions by either apologizing to each other or facing whatever consequence they have to face if such is truly inevitable. This will indeed be the beginning of forgiveness for forgiveness does not mean abdication of responsibility. Nor does it go hand in hand with forgetting. In fact, ‘forgiving and forgetting’ is potentially dangerous since it leads to half-hearted forgiveness.
If such genuine forgiveness were to obtain, Bakgatla and government will have gained valuable lessons about the status of the society and the future they should build. That future requires that Bakgatla be led by their Kgosi, Kgosi Kgafela II, not from South Africa, but from Botswana where his seat of power truly is.
That future requires that Bakgatla, like other tribes, have their Kgosi in Ntlo ya Dikgosi. That future requires that Bakgatla, like other tribes, be under the full control of government. History cannot forgive us if the history of Bakgatla were to be distorted by the banishment, albeit self-imposed, of their Kgosi. Similarly, history cannot forgive us if it were to be recorded that there is a time when Bakgatla’s allegiance to the state was in doubt.
â€¨Kgosi Kgafela II concludes his article with a quotation so illuminating that failing to reproduce it will be unforgiveable. It says: “Can you imagine how beautiful those you forgive will look to you? In no fantasy have you ever seen anything so lovely. Nothing you see here, sleeping or waking, comes near to such loveliness. And nothing will you value like unto this, nor hold so dear. Nothing that you remember that made your heart sing with joy has ever brought you even a little part of the happiness this sight will bring you”. (p.352 paragraph 1 lines 1-5: The forgiven World).
In 2005, the Business & Economic Advisory Council (BEAC) pitched the idea of the establishment of Special Economic Zones (SEZs) to the Mogae Administration.
It took five years before the SEZ policy was formulated, another five years before the relevant law was enacted, and a full three years before the Special Economic Zones Authority (SEZA) became operational.
… courtesy of infiltration stratagem by Jehovah-Enlil’s clan
With the passing of Joshua’s generation, General Atiku, the promised peace and prosperity of a land flowing with milk and honey disappeared, giving way to chaos and confusion.
Maybe Joshua himself was to blame for this shambolic state of affairs. He had failed to mentor a successor in the manner Moses had mentored him. He had left the nation without a central government or a human head of state but as a confederacy of twelve independent tribes without any unifying force except their Anunnaki gods.
If I say the word ‘robot’ to you, I can guess what would immediately spring to mind – a cute little Android or animal-like creature with human or pet animal characteristics and a ‘heart’, that is to say to say a battery, of gold, the sort we’ve all seen in various movies and tv shows. Think R2D2 or 3CPO in Star Wars, Wall-E in the movie of the same name, Sonny in I Robot, loveable rogue Bender in Futurama, Johnny 5 in Short Circuit…
Of course there are the evil ones too, the sort that want to rise up and eliminate us inferior humans – Roy Batty in Blade Runner, Schwarzenegger’s T-800 in The Terminator, Box in Logan’s Run, Police robots in Elysium and Otomo in Robocop.
And that’s to name but a few. As a general rule of thumb, the closer the robot is to human form, the more dangerous it is and of course the ultimate threat in any Sci-Fi movie is that the robots will turn the tables and become the masters, not the mechanical slaves. And whilst we are in reality a long way from robotic domination, there are an increasing number of examples of robotics in the workplace.
ROBOT BLOODHOUNDS Sometimes by the time that one of us smells something the damage has already begun – the smell of burning rubber or even worse, the smell of deadly gas. Thank goodness for a robot capable of quickly detecting and analyzing a smell from our very own footprint.
A*Library Bot The A*Star (Singapore) developed library bot which when books are equipped with RFID location chips, can scan shelves quickly seeking out-of-place titles. It manoeuvres with ease around corners, enhances the sorting and searching of books, and can self-navigate the library facility during non-open hours.
DRUG-COMPOUNDING ROBOT Automated medicine distribution system, connected to the hospital prescription system. It’s goal? To manipulate a large variety of objects (i.e.: drug vials, syringes, and IV bags) normally used in the manual process of drugs compounding to facilitate stronger standardisation, create higher levels of patient safety, and lower the risk of hospital staff exposed to toxic substances.
AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY ROBOTS Applications include screw-driving, assembling, painting, trimming/cutting, pouring hazardous substances, labelling, welding, handling, quality control applications as well as tasks that require extreme precision,
AGRICULTURAL ROBOTS Ecrobotix, a Swiss technology firm has a solar-controlled ‘bot that not only can identify weeds but thereafter can treat them. Naio Technologies based in southwestern France has developed a robot with the ability to weed, hoe, and assist during harvesting. Energid Technologies has developed a citrus picking system that retrieves one piece of fruit every 2-3 seconds and Spain-based Agrobot has taken the treachery out of strawberry picking. Meanwhile, Blue River Technology has developed the LettuceBot2 that attaches itself to a tractor to thin out lettuce fields as well as prevent herbicide-resistant weeds. And that’s only scratching the finely-tilled soil.
INDUSTRIAL FLOOR SCRUBBERS The Global Automatic Floor Scrubber Machine boasts a 1.6HP motor that offers 113″ water lift, 180 RPM and a coverage rate of 17,000 sq. ft. per hour
These examples all come from the aptly-named site www.willrobotstakemyjob.com because while these functions are labour-saving and ripe for automation, the increasing use of artificial intelligence in the workplace will undoubtedly lead to increasing reliance on machines and a resulting swathe of human redundancies in a broad spectrum of industries and services.
This process has been greatly boosted by the global pandemic due to a combination of a workforce on furlough, whether by decree or by choice, and the obvious advantages of using virus-free machines – I don’t think computer viruses count! For example, it was suggested recently that their use might have a beneficial effect in care homes for the elderly, solving short staffing issues and cheering up the old folks with the novelty of having their tea, coffee and medicines delivered by glorified model cars. It’s a theory, at any rate.
Already,customers at the South-Korean fast-food chain No Brand Burger can avoid any interaction with a human server during the pandemic. The chain is using robots to take orders, prepare food and bring meals out to diners. Customers order and pay via touchscreen, then their request is sent to the kitchen where a cooking machine heats up the buns and patties. When it’s ready, a robot ‘waiter’ brings out their takeout bag.
‘This is the first time I’ve actually seen such robots, so they are really amazing and fun,’ Shin Hyun Soo, an office worker at No Brand in Seoul for the first time, told the AP.
Human workers add toppings to the burgers and wrap them up in takeout bags before passing them over to yellow-and-black serving robots, which have been compared to Minions.
Also in Korea, the Italian restaurant chain Mad for Garlic is using serving robots even for sit-down customers. Using 3D space mapping and other technology, the electronic ‘waiter,’ known as Aglio Kim, navigates between tables with up to five orders. Mad for Garlic manager Lee Young-ho said kids especially like the robots, which can carry up to 66lbs in their trays.
These catering robots look nothing like their human counterparts – in fact they are nothing more than glorified food trolleys so using our thumb rule from the movies, mankind is safe from imminent takeover but clearly Korean hospitality sector workers’ jobs are not.
And right there is the dichotomy – replacement by stealth. Remote-controlled robotic waiters and waitresses don’t need to be paid, they don’t go on strike and they don’t spread disease so it’s a sure bet their army is already on the march.
But there may be more redundancies on the way as well. Have you noticed how AI designers have an inability to use words of more than one syllable? So ‘robot’ has become ‘bot’ and ‘android’ simply ‘droid? Well, guys, if you continue to build machines ultimately smarter than yourselves you ‘rons may find yourself surplus to requirements too – that’s ‘moron’ to us polysyllabic humans”!