In an anticipated turn of events, the Botswana National Front (BNF) Vice President Reverend Dr. Prince Dibeela is challenging the incumbent party President Duma Boko at the coming elective congress scheduled for July.
The congress comes few months after the just ended 2019 General Elections in which the opposition Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) failed to win power in the contentious elections. An affiliate of UDC, Botswana National Front (BNF) is the nucleus of the Umbrella party, and has been leading it since its official formation in 2012, and therefore very central in the shape and form of UDC.
Following a humiliating loss at the polls, Dibeela confirmed his intention to challenge Boko in an exclusive interview with WeekendPost this week after keeping a low profile for some time. “I am challenging him, without a doubt,” he asserted to this publication. He would not be drawn into further details citing party regulations. However this comes at a time when UDC leader Boko has previously said in 2019 if the UDC does not perform well at the elections he will resign, the sentiment which he has defaulted on for unclear reasons.
“But if he resigns, that’s fine. It means I will automatically become the President until next elective congress,” Dibeela told this publication last year in preparation for this year’s congress, adding that Boko said so many other things that did not come to pass and therefore he can never trust his word. The former Mmathethe/Molapowabojang BNF of UDC candidate highlighted then that if the BNF leader who also doubles as the UDC President doesn’t resign as promised “I will challenge him and I am sure other people will as well because he has done too much damage.”
The BNF Vice President hinted ahead of last year’s elections, some in the party members threatened to leave the party to form a new party proposed as Social Democratic Party but, “I told them that Boko is a temporary irritant. And so we are not going anywhere. The system will spit him out.” The reverend contended then that BNF could have split long time ago but he protected it because he understood that “even though he (Boko) is like this, he has a massive following especially among people on social media who don’t know what is happening on the ground.”
He added: “I saw a possible split in the BNF if we overthrow him even though so many people making the majority in the Central Committee have long wanted to pass a motion of no confidence on him.” “At that time we were 18 in the Central Committee and those who supported me were 12. And so we had clear majority at the time. So we could have easily won. So that is what we wanted to do but the timing was never right.”
Dibeela continued: “you remember that joke which was said to be the UDC congress held at Fairgrounds, that thing was a mess. They wanted to pass a vote of no confidence on him after that but it was clear his stooges were aware of that and ready to fight and so there was going to be a split, I said to them that I don’t want to be part of that.” The renowned politician-cum-pastor predicted last year that Boko will probably lose his Bonnington North constituency ‘as his character did not resonate well with the constituents and ordinary people.’
“He thinks because of his name as a brand (well established lawyer and Advocate) he will win. But he demeans people and cares less. He is pompous,” he said. In Dibeela’s lobby list, he is deputised by Dr. Patrick Molutsi. The proposed Chairperson is Kagiso Tshekega while Secretary General is Noah Salakae. Nelson Ramaotwana is tipped for the position of Deputy Secretary General; Treasurer is Olebeng Watshipi and Organising is Tona Mooketsi.
A surprising feature is Kago Mokotedi standing in for Publicity. Mokotedi has been a staunch Boko supporter and a member of “fear fokol” cabal who defended Boko through thick and thin and bet their lives with his name. It is unclear when Mokotedi and Boko broke ranks. For Political and Labour is Shawn Ntlhaile and Eitlhopha Mokeresete and Calmon Mogalakwe is running for the International Affairs portfolio of the BNF. For Economic Affairs, Tlamelo Shadikong will stand together with Happy Bashe for Health. The pastor’s lobby list is themed “team restoration; returning the BNF to its revolutionary culture.”
Meanwhile incumbent leader Boko has themed his lobby list “organisational stability and integrity towards 2024 elections.” In the lobby, Micus Chimbombi assists the incumbent; and Dr Molutsi appears as a campaigner for chairpersonship. For Secretary General, Ketlhalefile Motshegwa has thrown in his name in the ring while Kenneth Segokgo is contesting for the Treasure General of the party. Happy Bashe is contesting for Deputy Secretary General portfolio with Incumbent Publicity Secretary Justin Hunyepa trying to defend his position.
Andrew Motsamai is tipped to be Health Secretary and Victor Phologolo for Labour Secretary. For Organising Secretary and Economic Affairs the lobby will send Tabona Masole and Ontatlhile Selatlho. Motsumi Marobela is vying for Political Education.
As the preparations for the Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) congress are about to kick off, reports on the ground suggest that the party’s Deputy Treasurer Jackdish Shah will not defend the position in August as he contemplates relocation.
According to sources, the businessman who joined the BDP Central Committee in 2015 at the 36th Congress held in Mmadinare is ready to leave the party’s politburo. It is said he long made up his mind not to defend the position last year. A prominent businessman, Shah, when he won the position to assist Satar Dada in 2015 was expected to improve the party’s financial vibrancy. By then the party was under the leadership of Ian Khama.
According to close sources, Shah long decided not to contest because he has fallen out of favour with the party leadership. It is said he took the decision after some prominent businessmen who are BDP members and part of football syndicate decided to push him out and they used their proximity to President Mokgweetsi Masisi to badmouth him hence the decision.
“The fight at the Botswana Football Association (BFA) and Botswana Football League (BFL) has left him alone in the desert and some faces there used their close access to the President to isolate him,” said a source. Media reports say, Shah does not see eye to eye with BFA President MacLean Letshwiti who is also Masisi’s buddy hence the decision.
BFL Chairman Nicholas Zackhem is said to be not in good terms with Shah, who at one point Chaired the then Botswana Premier League (BPL). “He is seriously considering quitting because of what is unfolding at the team (Township Rollers) which is slowly not making financial gains and might be relegated and he wants to sell while it is still worth the investment,” said a highly placed source.
Shah is a renowned businessman who runs internet providing company Zebra net, H &G, game farm in Kasane, cattle farm in Ghanzi region and lot of properties in Gaborone. He also has two hotels in USA, his advisors have given him thumbs up on the possible decision of relocating provided he does not sell some of the investments that are doing well.
Asked about whether he will be contesting Shah could not confirm nor deny the reports. It is said for now it is too early as a public decision will have to be taken after the national council meeting and prior to the national congress. “As a BDP Central Committee member he cannot make that announcement now,” a BDP source said.
BDP is expected to assemble for the National Council during the July holidays while the National Congress is billed for August. It is then that the party will elect a new CC members. The last time BDP held elective congress was at Kang in 2019. The party is yet to issue writ.
The government has failed to implement some commitments and agreements that it had entered into with unions to improve conditions of public servants.
Three years after the government and public made commitments aimed at improving conditions of work and services it has emerged that the government has ignored and failed to implement all commitments on conditions of service emanating from the 2019 round of negotiations.
In its position paper that saw public service salaries being increased by 5%, the government the government has also signalled its intention to renege on some of the commitments it had made. “Government aspires to look into all outstanding issues contained in the Labour Agreement signed between the Employer and recognised Trade Union on the 27th August 2019 and that it be reviewed, revised and delinked by both Parties with a view to agree on those whose implementation that can be realistically executed during the financial years 2022/23, 2023/24 and 2024/25 respectively,” the government said.
Furthermore, in addition to reviewing, revising and de-linking of the outstanding issues contained in the Collective Labour Agreement alluded to above and taking on a progressive proposal, government desires to review revise, develop and implement human resource policies as listed below during the financial year 2022/23,2023/24,2024/25
They include selection and appointment policy, learning and development policy, transfer guidelines, conditions of service, permanent and pensionable, temporary and part time, Foreign Service, expatriate and disciplinary procedures.
In their proposal paper, the unions which had proposed an 11 percent salary increase but eventually settled for 5% percent indicated that the government has not, and without explanation, acted on some of the key commitments from the 2019/2020 and 2021/22 round of negotiations. The essential elements of these commitments include among others the remuneration Policy for the Public Service.
The paper states that a Remuneration Policy will be developed to inform decision making on remuneration in the Public Service. It is envisaged that consultations between the government and relevant key stakeholders on the policy was to start on 1st September 2019, and the development of the policy should be concluded by 30th June 2020.
The public sector unions said the Remuneration Policy is yet to be developed. The Cooperating Unions suggested that the process should commence without delay and that it should be as participatory as it was originally conceived. Another agreement relate to Medical Aid Contribution for employees on salary Grades A and B.
The employer contribution towards medical aid for employees on salary Grades A and B will be increased from 50% to 80% for the Standard Option of the Botswana Public “Officers’ Medical Aid Scheme effective 1st October 2019; the cooperating unions insist that, in fulfilling this commitment, there should be no discrimination between those on the high benefit and those on the medium benefit plan,” the unions proposal paper says.
Another agreement involves the standardisation of gratuities across the Public Service. “Gratuities for all employees on fixed term contracts of 12 months but not exceeding 5 years, including former Industrial class employees be standardized at 30% across the Public Service in order to remove the existing inequalities and secure long-term financial security for Public Service Employees at lower grades with immediate effect,” the paper states.
The other agreement signed by the public sector unions and the government was the development of fan-shaped Salary Structure. The paper says the Public Service will adopt a best practice fan-shaped and overlapping structure, with modification to suit the Botswana context. The Parties (government and unions) to this agreement will jointly agree on the ranges of salary grades to allow for employees’ progression without a promotion to the available position on the next management level.
“The fan-shaped structure is envisaged to be in place by 1st June 2020, to enable factoring into the budgetary cycle for the financial year 2021/22,” the unions’ proposal paper states. It says the following steps are critical, capacity building of key stakeholders (September – December 2019), commission remuneration market survey (3 months from September to November 2019), design of the fan-shaped structure (2 to 3 months from January to March2020) and consultations with all key stakeholders (March to April 2020).
The unions and government had also signed an agreement on performance management and development: A rigorous performance management and reward system based on a 5-point rating system will be adopted as an integral part of the operationalization of the new Remuneration System.
Performance Management and Development (PMD) will be used to reward workers based on performance. The review of the Performance Management System was to be undertaken in order to close the gaps identified by PEMANDU and other previous reports on PMS between 1st September 2019 and 30th June 2020 as follows; internal process to update and revise the current Performance Management System by January 2020.
A job evaluation exercise in the Public Service will also be undertaken to among others establish internal equity, and will also cover the grading of all supervisory positions within the Public Service. Another agreement included overtime Management. The Directorate of Public Service Management (DPSM) was to facilitate the conclusion of consultations on management of overtime, including consideration of the Overtime Management Task Team’s report on the same by 30th November 2019.
A public health expert, Dr Edward Maganu who is also the former Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Health has said that unlike many who are expressing shock at the population census growth decline results, he is not, because the 2022 results represents his expectations.
He rushed to dismiss the position by Statistics Botswana in which thy partly attributes the low growth rates to mortality rates for the past ten years. “I don’t think there is any undercounting. I also don’t think death rates have much to do with it since the excessive deaths from HIV/AIDS have been controlled by ARVs and our life expectancy isn’t lower than it was in the 1990s,” he said in an interview with this publication post the release of the results.
Preliminary results released by Statistics Botswana this week indicated that Botswana’s population is now estimated to be 2,346,179 – a figure that the state owned data agency expressed worry over saying it’s below their projected growth. The general decline in the population growth rate is attributed to ‘fertility’ and ‘mortality’ rates that the country registered on the past ten years since the last census in 2011.
Maganu explained that with an enlightened or educated society and the country’s total fertility rate, there was no way the country’s population census was going to match the previous growth rates. “The results of the census make sense and is exactly what I expected. Our Total Fertility Rate ( the average number of children born to a woman) is now around 2.
This is what happens as society develops and educates its women. The enlightened women don’t want to bear many children, they want to work and earn a living, have free time, and give their few children good care. So, there is no under- counting. Census procedures are standard so that results are comparable between countries.
That is why the UN is involved through UNFPA, the UN Agency responsible for population matters,” said Maganu who is also the former adviser to the World Health Organisation. Maganu ruled out undercounting concerns, “I see a lot of Batswana are worried about the census results. Above is what I have always stated.”
Given the disadvantages that accompany low population for countries, some have suggested that perhaps a time has come for the government to consider population growth policies or incentives, suggestions Maganu deems ineffective.
“It has never worked anywhere. The number of children born to a woman are a very private decision of the woman and the husband in an enlightened society. And as I indicated, the more the women of a society get educated, the higher the tendency to have fewer children. All developed countries have a problem of zero population growth or even negative growth.
The replacement level is regarded as 2 children per woman; once the fertility level falls below that, then the population stops growing. That’s why developed countries are depending so much on immigration,” he said.
According to him, a lot of developing countries that are educating their women are heading there, including ourselves-Botswana. “Countries that have had a policy of encouraging women to have more children have failed dismally. A good example is some countries of Eastern Europe (Romania is a good example) that wanted to grow their populations by rewarding women who had more children. It didn’t work. The number of children is a very private matter,” said Maganu
For those who may be worried about the impact of problems associated with low growth rate, Maganu said: “The challenge is to develop society so that it can take care of its dependency ratio, the children and the aged. In developed countries the ratio of people over 60 years is now more than 20%, ours is still less than 10%.”
The preliminary results show that Mogoditshane with (88,098) is now the biggest village in the country with Maun coming second (85,293) and Molepolole at third position with 74,719. Population growth is associated with many economic advantages because more people leads to greater human capital, higher economic growth, economies of scale, the efficiency of higher population density and the improved demographic structure of society, among many others.