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Genital warts prevalence rates high among young females in Botswana

Genital warts are one of the most common forms of sexually-transmitted diseases, but their epidemiology has yet to be thoroughly elucidated. This sexually transmitted infection (STI) is passed on through vaginal, anal and rarely through oral sex.

Genital warts are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) and affect both women and men but women are more vulnerable to complications. They are different from the high-risk strains that can lead to cervical dysplasia and cancer. These warts can be treated, but they can come back unless the underlying infection is also treated.

Health practitioners say these warts aren’t always visible to the human eye. They may be very small and can be the colour of one’s skin or slightly darker. The top of the growths may resemble a cauliflower and may feel smooth or slightly bumpy to the touch. They may occur as a cluster of warts, or just one wart.Genital warts on males may appear on the following areas: penis, scrotum, groin, thighs or inside or around the  anus. For females these warts may appear inside of the vagina or anus, outside of the vagina or anus or on the cervix.

According to a 2019 report from the STI Clinic in Gaborone, more women aged between 15 and 19 were diagnosed with genital warts, as compared to males of the same age bracket. The STI Clinic monthly report of January 2019 indicates that the number of new female clients diagnosed with genital warts stood at 43 as compared to 19 of males who visited the clinic in the same month.That very same month, only two females aged between zero and fourteen had the STI, as compared to zero for boys.

Females aged over 30 years who identified with the virus were 31, while males of the same age were only 18.However, as a way of curbing this virus, over 4000 condoms were issued in the same month, 18 clients did Pap smear while 53 did not do the test.The report further indicated that, in February 2019 over 74 females tested for genital warts and 50 aged between 15 and 29 were diagnosed with the infection, while only 13 males were detected. Those over 30 years and diagnosed with the infection were only 18.

At least 41 adolescent girls in March were diagnosed with the STI, and only 10 males had the infection. The following month of April saw 39 girls of the same age group (15-29) diagnosed with genital warts as compared to 11 males of the same age. However, over three thousand condoms were issued, and two referrals were made. The number of girls who did not have a Pap smear test were 50, against 21 who did the test.It was further shared that in April, 13 males did the Safe Male Circumcision (SMC) and the same number did not do the operation.

In March, at least 21 did the SMC while 15 did not go for the operation.Furthermore, in May 2019, 37 young girls were diagnosed with genital warts and only 12 of their male counterparts had the infection. The report stressed that 21 women over the age of 30 years were detected with the virus. In the next month, at least 37 young girls were diagnosed with genital warts, as compared to 13 of their male counterparts.  Pap smear tests were conducted on over 23 women, while 46 did not do the tests. The clinic issued over 2000 condoms while 9 males undertook circumcision.

September saw more women identified with genital warts unlike any other month. The number of young girls recorded were 52, an increase of 9 more cases from the previous month August. Only 19 young boys were found with the infection. Further, 23 women aged over 30 were diagnosed with genital wards for the month under review. There were 4 cases where clients did not know their HIV status, and over 60 women did not do the Pap smear. The number of young girls with genital warts was lowered to 44 in the following month.

The months of November and December saw a decline in the number of young girls with genital warts. In November, only 32 girls had the infection, while 13 males were diagnosed. The following month saw the number increase by 1 to become 33 for young girls aged between 15 and 29 years.Meanwhile, close to two thousand women of all ages suffered from vaginal discharge syndrome in January 2019. The number reduced to 1459 in February, and further peaked in the following month to settle at 1589. The number increased to 1606 in April, and saw a dramatic increase to 1811 in the following month.
However, in June 2019, only 1323 women had vaginal discharge and the number further decreased to 1141 in July. 

The report further said in August, over one thousand seven hundred (1 700) women suffered from the syndrome, a number that fell by over one thousand three hundred (1 300) in September. October registered 1974 women with vaginal discharge than any other month, and the number abridged to 1442 in November, and further saw a reduction to 1291 in December, the least number of cases recorded the entire year.


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The Science of Happiness

13th September 2023

 There is an intimate relationship between material wealth and poverty of spirit, posits Jeff Golden, whose award-winning book, Reclaiming the Sacred: Healing Our Relationships with Ourselves and the World, begins with scientific revelations regarding the things that nourish the human spirit and the things that don’t, most notably money and possessions.

“As we’ve surrounded ourselves with more and more possessions, we’ve grown further from the sacredness of the world, and the sacredness of ourselves,” Golden writes. “As we’ve elevated economic growth and consumption to the highest measures of success and purpose, we’ve closed ourselves off from so much of the joy and wonder that are inherent in us and the world.”

The result of 12 years of research, Reclaiming the Sacred draws upon the work of thousands of psychologists and economists, cosmologists and activists, saints and poets, to ground readers in their inherent joy, purpose and belonging — both for their own sakes and for the sake of the world.

Golden explores the profound consequences of materialism, including how it impacts the global climate crisis. Then he goes beyond all of that, diving into the very heart of humanity’s existence, by charting a path — both scientific and mystical — for reclaiming the inherent joy and richness of life.

Money accounts for just 2-4% of our happiness, according to former Vassar College instructor and activist Jeff Golden. What about the remaining 96-98%? Jeff’s thoroughly researched insights provide the answers, and he shares them in his new book, Reclaiming the Sacred, which received the 2023 Nautilus Book Awards Grand Prize, putting him in the company of the Dalai Lama, Barbara Kingsolver, Eckhart Tolle, Deepak Chopra and other luminaries.

Reclaiming the Sacred explores profound questions, including:

  • How important is money to happiness?
  • What is the optimal amount of money and possessions for a person to be happy?
  • Does having kids make people happy? Getting married? Having sex? Working?
  • What are some of the most serious effects of global warming?
  • What kinds of changes will people have to make as individuals and as a society as a result of global warming? How will those changes allow people to actually live better lives?
  • What does the economic system get wrong when it comes to what really matters, and how should progress be measured?

Ultimately, Reclaiming the Sacred takes readers on a journey that follows the golden threads of happiness, abundance and belonging — and leads them home.

“We have an opportunity to reweave ourselves back into the human community and the family of all living beings, the family of the land and trees, the otters and grasses — to live with them in relationships of respect and wonder,” Golden adds. “We have an opportunity to reclaim ourselves and this world as sacred.”

About the Author

Jeff Golden has been teaching and writing about the topics he covers in his book for over 30 years, most recently at Vassar College. He was a Fulbright Scholar in sustainable development and a recipient of the State Department’s Millennium International Volunteer Award. He is a prison reform and animal rights activist, and has headed several nonprofits promoting social justice, sustainability and international education. A native of Idaho, he resides in the Mohicanituk Valley in New York, with his children, the river and the stars.


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Spring and outdoor sex!

13th September 2023

The best sex of sexually active persons begins in Spring. Well, this season is time to pack up puffer coats and throw on some lacy lingerie, just so the bedroom is lightened up and the sex gets spicier. For singles, and just in case the libido has been hibernating all winter, it has now become crucial to bring in some heat.

Sexologists and therapists say better sex means different things to different people and it can mean changing many things over time, but one thing’s for sure, to improve sex life in any way, one got to be ready for change.

Certified Sex Therapist Kendra Capalbo suggests that lovers should make most of the weather. “Studies have shown the positive correlation between sunlight and mood, and now that there is more of it, harness the impact it can have on the mood of your relationship. One study from Tel Aviv University showed that increased exposure to sunlight can enhance romantic passion.”

Moving around outside won’t only improve your mood and possible mental approach to sex though, Clinical Sexologist Megwyn White says. “It has physical benefits too. It increases libido by releasing endorphins and improving self-confidence, and it brings more blood flow to the genitals.”

Removing negativity can also work this Spring. Think of the warm weather as a time in which to reset your mindset as well, especially when it comes to your time in the bedroom (or in this case the camping tent.)

“No more negative self-talk or other people’s opinions holding you back. If there is that one fantasy that you and your partner keep agreeing, then make it your mission to finally check it off your bucket list. Spring is all about adventure, so it is time to embrace it.”

Therapists also say that something about Spring makes people want to strip down. Plus, the mild forecast does wonders for your skin and hair, and you can see your legs again. The season allows sex enthusiasts to engage with windows open. Think of it as exhibitionism without the threat of jail time.

Its just as sensual as summer, without the sweat. Those summer months get all the sexual glory, but it’s hard to feel hot when you’re actually, legitimately so hot! When the bedroom turns into a sauna mid-hookup, it’s a little hard to get in the mood.

Experts say there are a number of factors that make Spring sensual. “The weather is the catalyst. Ever since the spring equinox, the days have been getting longer. More exposure to sunlight increases our production of serotonin, a neurotransmitter that boots mood. And happy people tend to be horny people,” said Danielle Forshee, a psychologist, family, marriage and individual therapist.

Having started her business in 2016, Forshee specializes in the evaluation and treatment of high-conflict family problems, high-risk behaviors, and psychological disorders within and outside of the family court system.

She also said that the pleasant weather also urges sex lovers outdoors, where they’re likely to socialize and meet potential new partners. “It encourages us to shed some of the bulky layers we’ve been wearing all winter too. People are coming out of hibernation, and they’re swapping out their sweats and comfy clothes for more, shall we say, ‘scantily clad’ options.”

“They are exposing more body parts. As humans we notice those things, and it makes us more apt to go into mating mode.”

Whether you are looking for a casual hookup or you just want to get more loving from your partner, Spring will boost your desire. According to a study published in the US National Library of Medicine, animal mating habits are directly correlated to the changing of the seasons.

“We’re attuned to our biological clocks. Our bodies know that offspring survival rates soar when the weather is warmer; food is plentiful, climate is temperate and no one will freeze to death. Therefore, when Spring hits and warm weather abounds, our biological mating siren is ticked off.”

Now, while there is conflicting discourse on whether Spring fever is an actual illness, most scientists agree that there are documented psychological changes associated with the change in season.

“Spring fever is not a definitive diagnostic category. But I would say it begins as a rapid and yet unpredictable fluctuating mood and energy state that contrasts with the relative low winter months that precede it,” said Michael Terman, Director of the Center for Light Treatment and Biological Rhythms at Columbia University Medical Center.

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Glotto to showcase at New York Fashion Week

6th September 2023

The country’s Afrocentric and most popular youth fashion brand, Glotto, continues to dominate the fashion industry and shape fashion trends. It is reaching heights and staying relevant in a fast-paced and ever-changing landscape. Without doubt, the youthful fashion brand has revolutionized the fashion and lifestyle industry in Botswana.

Not only that, its iconic logo and tagline have become synonymous with style and sophistication, and Glotto’s influence extends far beyond the world of fashion. Haute couture, elegant designs and ready to wear is what Glotto has to offer.

New York Fashion Week (NYFW), a semi-annual series of events in Manhattan typically spanning seven to nine days when international fashion collections are shown to buyers, the press and fashion enthusiasts is coming up, and Glotto has been invited to showcase at the same top fashion event.

This is one of four major fashion weeks in the world, collectively known as the “Big Four”, along with those in Paris, London and Milan. This year’s NYFW schedule includes a range of runway shows and presentations for both men’s and women’s clothing lines.

Designers such as Marc Jacobs, Ralph Lauren, The Blonds, Proenza Schouler and Carolina Herrera will be showcasing their upcoming collections in a variety of different formats ranging from traditional runway shows to virtual showrooms and digital activations.

NYFW organizers say every great designer began as an “unknown”, so in addition to some of fashion’s most storied names, their schedule includes independent and emerging designers, many making their appearance on the runway for the first time.

“This is where NYFW becomes a true journey of discovery, the perfect opportunity to discover emerging designers who are pushing the boundaries of fashion and style. Some are new, and others are successful designers in their home country making an appearance at NYFW for the first time.”

Talking about making an appearance at the NYFW, WeekendLife had a conversation with the creative behind Glotto, Mboko Basiami this week, who unpacked how she was invited to showcase in New York and how things are unfolding.

When speaking to this publication, Basiami said a series of invitations were sent via email and social media, inviting her to be a part of the fashion week, something that she wouldn’t trade for anything.

She expanded a bit on collections that she will be showcasing, saying “It’s a seven-look collection and this is our first time participating in the NYFW. Glotto was founded seven years ago and everything is going to come altogether and of course, our attention to detail and texture and a lot of storytelling is what fashion lovers should expect.”

Quizzed if this is a self-sponsored trip to New York, Basiami stressed that in the business of fashion, one can’t expect to have talented runway models, hair, makeup and two assistants sponsored, therefore the trip will be taking money from her pockets. “It is heavily subsidized but there is still a 7000 US Dollar bill to it.”

Networking, global reach and exposure is what is motivating Glotto to go and shine in Manhattan. This is predominantly because New York Fashion Week has been there for so many years, having established itself as the most reputable fashion week in the whole world.

There is the media, right buyers, great location, investors and scholarships. “It will also allow me to compare the quality of my garments with that of designers all over the world. This adds on our unique product offering and what makes Glotto competitive, something that we have been striving for even though we are a local brand.

In preparing for this phenomenal opportunity, a lot needs to be done and thus far, everything is on track. According to Basiami, “I’m trying to balance not worrying about the business and accounts side of things, but rather about the looks and integrity of garments and fashion sustainability. We have reached out corporates who are willing to support us on the journey, the moral support is beautiful and heartwarming.

Meanwhile, Glotto recently showcased at the US-Africa Business Summit in Gaborone. The fashion brand hosted President Mokgweetsi Masisi, who was introduced to ready to wear collections and Glotto live mannequins.




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