Connect with us
Advertisement

Parliament approves P1 million for voter apathy study

Parliament has this week approved P1 million budgeted for a voter apathy study to be conducted across the country. In the just ended elections, the registration exercise attracted around 925 478 voters out of the approximately 1.2 million who are eligible to vote in Botswana’s total population of 2.2 million.

The total voter registration in 2019 was marginally lower at 73%, than in 2014 where it was 77% of the total eligible voters. Observers point out that this is reflective of voter apathy. In politics, voter apathy is a perceived indifference among eligible voters towards an election. Voter apathy or lack of interest is often cited as a cause of low turnout among eligible voters in jurisdictions where voting is optional like in Botswana.

When presenting the Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) budget estimates for 2020/21, which were entirely approved, Minister of Presidential Affairs, Governance and Public Administration Kabo Morwaeng confirmed P1 million has been set aside so far for the task. “In the Development Budget, I request for a total of One Million, Nine Hundred Thousand Pula (P1, 900,000). This amount comprises of Nine Hundred Thousand Pula (P900, 000) for the completion of Tutume office block construction project and One Million Pula (P1, 000,000) for the Voter Apathy Study,” Minister told Parliament this week.

However he observed that the Voter Apathy Study will require additional funding since the approved budget of One Million Pula (P1,000,000) will not be adequate as the project was estimated at Two Million, Five Hundred Thousand Pula (P2,500,000). Morwaeng emphasised that in an endeavour to improve the electoral process, the Commission will conduct a Voter Apathy Study during the 2020/21 financial year, “to determine the causes of low citizen participation.”


The study, he stressed, will provide recommendations and strategies for enhancing citizen participation and inclusivity in the electoral process. This comes after the IEC promised to carry out an extensive and informative voter apathy study to update the 2001 study which is currently being referred to in election researches.


“We have to do a study to establish the cause of this. We are currently using the 2001 voter apathy study that was carried out by Democracy research project. It’s the one that informed most of the education programmes that were developed between then and now,” IEC Spokesperson told WeekendPost recently.

In addition, Lt. Gen. (Retired) Dr. Sibusiso Moyo, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Trade of the Republic Of Zimbabwe and Head of the SADC Electoral Observation Mission (SEOM) in the just concluded 2019 General Elections, said voter apathy is evident and worrisome in the country. “The issue of voter apathy should be duly addressed by all stakeholders,” he maintained.

The head of SADC observer mission continued: “the Mission noted that the Electoral Act does not make provision for the continuous registration of voters up to the cut-off date before an election. Further, the IEC has no legal mandate to conduct voter education, and consequently lacks dedicated funding for this purpose; it is the observation of the Mission that more could have been done by the IEC and all relevant stakeholders in conducting voter education.”

Meanwhile, the IEC’s overall budget proposals which were approved by Parliament was a total of Seventy-One Million, Eight Hundred and Seventy-Nine Thousand, One Hundred and Thirty Pula (P71, 879,130) for the Recurrent Budget and One Million, Nine Hundred Thousand Pula (P1, 900,000) for the Development Budget as part of the Schedule of the 2020/2021 Appropriation (2020/21) Bill 2020 (No. 1 of 2020).

1 471 voter registration objections recorded in 2019 Elections

Meanwhile Minister of Presidential Affairs, Governance and Public Administration also told Parliament that during the build up to the 2019 General Elections, 1 471 voter registration objections were lodged with the Magistrate Courts. “A total of 680 objections were upheld and defendants were struck off the roll,” he highlighted. 

24 petitions also lodged with the High Court in the just ended elections

Following the General Elections, he also stated that 24 petitions were lodged with the High Court out of which two were withdrawn before hearing. 15 petitions were dismissed on preliminary points of law while seven progressed to trial. “Out of these seven, four were withdrawn and the remaining three which went for trial were all dismissed with costs.”


Minister Morwaeng continued to point out that the 15 petitions which were dismissed on preliminary points of law were filed with the Court of Appeal and subsequently 14 were dismissed on account that the Court of Appeal does not have jurisdiction over National Assembly election petitions. “One appeal for the Local Government election was allowed to progress but was later withdrawn by the petitioner,” Morwaeng said while adding that “it is worthy to note that all the petitions were disposed of within 90 days as prescribed in the Electoral Act.”

Continue Reading

News

Veteran journalist Karima Brown succumbs to COVID-19

4th March 2021
Karima-Brown

South Africa’s veteran journalist and broadcaster, Karima Brown has died on Thursday morning from COVID-19 related complications.

Media reports from the neighbouring country say Brown had been hospitalized and on a ventilator.

Brown anchored eNCA’s The Fix and was a regular political analyst on the eNCA channel.

Continue Reading

News

Botswana imports in numbers

1st March 2021
Botswana-imports

For so many years, Botswana has been trying to be a self-sufficient country that is able to provide its citizens with locally produced food products. Through appropriate collaborations with parastatals such as CEDA, ISPAAD and LEA, government introduced initiatives such as the Horticulture Impact Accelerator Subsidy-IAS and other funding facilities to facilitate horticultural farmers to increase production levels.

Now that COVID-19 took over and disrupted the food value chain across all economies, Botswana government introduced these initiatives to reduce the import bill by enhancing local market and relieve horticultural farmers from loses or impacts associated with the pandemic.

In more concerted efforts to curb these food crises in the country, government extended the ploughing period for the Southern part of Botswana. The extension was due to the late start of rains in the Southern part of the country.

Last week the Ministry of Agriculture extended the ploughing period for the Northern part of the country, mainly because of rains recently experienced in the country. With these decisions taken urgently, government optimizes food security and reliance on local food production.

When pigs fly, Botswana will be able to produce food to feed its people. This is evident by the numbers released by Statistics Botswana on imports recorded in November 2020, on their International Merchandise Trade Statistics for the month under review.

The numbers say Botswana continues to import most of its food from neighbouring South Africa. Not only that, Batswana relies on South Africa to have something to smoke, to drink and even use as machinery.

According to data from Statistics Botswana, the country’s total imports amounted to P6.881 Million. Diamonds contributed to the total imports at 33%, which is equivalent to P2.3 Million. This was followed by food, beverages and tobacco, machinery and electrical equipment which stood at P912 Million and P790 Million respectively.

Most of these commodities were imported from The Southern African Customs Union (SACU). The Union supplied Botswana with imports valued at over P4.8 Million of Botswana’s imports for the month under review (November 2020). The top most imported commodity group from SACU region was food, beverages and tobacco, with a contribution of P864 Million, which is likely to be around 18.1% of the total imports from the region.

Diamonds and fuel, according to these statistics, contributed 16.0%, or P766 Million and 13.5% or P645 Million respectively. Botswana also showed a strong and desperate reliance on neighbouring South Africa for important commodities. Even though the borders between the two countries in order to curb the spread of the COVID-19 virus, government took a decision to open border gates for essential services which included the transportation of commodities such as food.

Imports from South Africa recorded in November 2020 stood at P4.615 Million, which accounted for 67.1% of total imports during the month under review. Still from that country, Botswana bought food, beverages and tobacco worth P844 Million (18.3%), diamonds, machinery and fuel worth P758 Million, P601 Million and P562 Million respectively.

Botswana also imported chemicals and rubber products that made a contribution of 11.7% (P542.2 Million) to total imports from South Africa during the month under review, (November 2020).

The European Union also came to Botswana’s rescue in the previous year. Botswana received imports worth P698.3 Million from the EU, accounting for 10.1% of the total imports during the same month. The major group commodity imported from the EU was diamonds, accounting for 86.9% (P606.6 Million), of imports from the Union. Belgium was the major source of imports from the EU, at 8.9% (P609.1 Million) of total imports during the period under review.

Meanwhile, Minister of Finance and Economic Development Thapelo Matsheka says an improvement in exports and commodity prices will drive growth in Sub-Saharan Africa. Growth in the region is anticipated to recover modestly to 3.2% in 2021. Matsheka said this when delivering the Annual Budget Speech virtually in Gaborone on the 1st of February 2021.

He said implementation of the African Continental Free Trade Area Agreement (AfCFTA), which became operational in January 2021, could reduce the region’s vulnerability to global disruptions, as well as deepen trade and economic integration.

“This could also help boost competition and productivity. Successful implementation of AfCFTA will, of necessity, require Member States to eliminate both tariffs and non-tariff barriers, and generally make it easier to do business and invest across borders.”

Matsheka, who is also a Member of Parliament for Lobatse, an ailing town which houses the struggling biggest meat processing company in the country- Botswana Meat Commission, (BMC), said the Southern African Customs Union (SACU) recognizes the need to prioritize the key processes required for the implementation of the AfCFTA.

“The revised SACU Tariff Offer, which comprises 5,988 product lines with agreed Rules of Origin, representing 77% of the SACU Tariff Book, was submitted to the African Union Commission (AUC) in November 2020. The government is in the process of evaluating the tariff offers of other AfCFTA members prior to ratification, following which Botswana’s participation in AfCFTA will come to effect.”

Continue Reading

News

Sheila Tlou: On why women don’t get votes

1st March 2021
Sheila Tlou

BARAPEDI KEDIKILWE

Women continue to shadow men in politics – stereotypes such as ‘behind every successful man there is a woman’ cast the notion that women cannot lead. The 2019 general election recorded one of Botswana’s worst performances when it comes to women participation in parliamentary democracy with only three women elected to parliament.

Botswana’s former Minister of Health, Professor Sheila Tlou who is currently the Co-Chair, Global HIV Prevention Coalition & Nursing Now and an HIV, Gender & Human Rights Activist is not amused by the status quo. Tlou attributes this dilemma facing women to a number of factors, which she is convinced influence the voting patterns of Batswana when it comes to women politicians.

Professor Tlou plugs the party level voting systems as the first hindrance that blocks women from ascending to power. According to the former Minister of Health, there is inadequate amount of professionalism due to corrupt internal party structures affecting the voters roll and ultimately leading to voter apathy for those who end up struck off the voters rolls under dubious circumstances.

Tlou also stated that women’s campaigns are often clean; whilst men put to play the ‘politics is dirty metaphor using financial muscle to buy voters into voting for them without taking into consideration their abilities and credibility. The biggest hurdle according to Tlou is the fallacy that ‘Women cannot lead’, which is also perpetuated by other women who discourage people from voting for women.

There are numerous factors put on the table when scrutinizing a woman, she can be either too old, or too young, or her marital status can be used against her. An unmarried woman is labelled as a failure and questioned on how she intends on being a leader when she failed to have a home. The list is endless including slut shaming women who have either been through a divorce or on to their second marriages, Tlou observed.

The only way that voters can be emancipated from this mentality according to Tlou is through a robust voter education campaign tailor made to run continuously and not be left to the eve of elections as it is usually done. She further stated that the current crop of women in parliament must show case their abilities and magnify them – this will help make it clear that they too are worthy of votes.

And to women intending to run for office, Tlou encouraged them not to wait for the eleventh hour to show their interest and rather start in community mobilisation projects as early as possible so that the constituents can get to know them and their abilities prior to the election date.

Youthful Botswana National Front (BNF) leader and feminist, Resego Kgosidintsi blames women’s mentality towards one another which emanates from the fact that women have been socialised from a tender age that they cannot be leaders hence they find it difficult to vote for each other.

Kgosidintsi further states that, “Women do not have enough economic resources to stage effective campaigns. They are deemed as the natural care givers and would rather divert their funds towards raising children and building homes over buying campaign materials.”

Meanwhile, Vice President of the Alliance for Progressives (AP), Wynter Mmolotsi agrees that women’s participation in politics in Botswana remains a challenge. To address this Mmolotsi suggested that there should be constituencies reserved for women candidates only so that the outcome regardless of the party should deliver a woman Member of Parliament.

Mmolotsi further suggested that Botswana should ditch the First Past the Post system of election and opt for the proportional representation where contesting parties will dutifully list able women as their representatives in parliament.

On why women do not get elected, Mmolotsi explained that he had heard first hand from voters that they are reluctant to vote for women since they have limited access to them once they have won; unlike their male counterparts who have proven to be available night or day.

The pre-historic awarding of gender roles relegating women to be pregnant and barefoot at home and the man to be out there fending for the family has disadvantaged women in political and other professional careers.

Continue Reading
Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!