This week the International Air Transport Association (IATA) has forecasted that the impact of the coronavirus could result in passenger airlines losing up to P1.3 trillion in revenues this year while listed airline prices have fallen on average of nearly 25 percent since the outbreak of the deadly virus last year.
Coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak recorded the first case in China last year November, it has since spread across the globe, causing fatalities, fear and economic lows. China is the world’s largest exporter of goods since 2009, its coronavirus deaths have this week exceeded 3000 as the virus continues to spread across the globe. The world is anxious that the almost dependent second biggest economy will also export the coronavirus.
Coronavirus may be shipped or transported by airlines to Botswana. When the World Health Organization (WHO) defines contact with an infected person as being seated within two rows of one another, this could explain how coronavirus spreads inside an airline. National flag carrier Air Botswana just like other airlines across the globe is scanning passengers for coronavirus at airports. “Considering that this health crisis is now of global magnitude and some events are either being cancelled or differed, some business impact is to be expected,” Air Botswana Public Relations and Communications Manager Kefilwe Kebafetotse told BusinessPost this week.
Kebafetotse however explained that at this time it would not be clear to discern the impact of coronavirus on the national airline. She said as this is generally a low airline activity period (known as low season), it would be to establish a clear discernible pattern and determine how much could be attributed to this global health crisis. “This is a low season period which makes impact measurement difficult, advance bookings seem to be not significantly affected from the norm over the next 90 days. The situation over the peak travel period (June to August) will largely depend on the handling of the crisis over the next 30 days or so. Currently our level of operation is comparable to the same period in prior years,” said Kebafetotse.
On Thursday the first case of coronavirus was recorded in South Africa, Botswana’s neighbour and main importer of goods. Between South Africa and Botswana, there are 79 direct flights between Gaborone and Johannesburg covering a distance of 291 kilometres in around 56 minutes. Batswana on social media who usually travel to Botswana by road or air were worried that their neighbour may just sneeze the virus on them. But the problem comes from China where the virus has established itself as incurable and deadly. According to statistics, Botswana exports from China was P570 million during 2018, according to the United Nations COMTRADE database on international trade.
Air Botswana spokesperson Kebafetotse said passengers will note modifications to their boarding procedures so as to accommodate coronavirus control precautionary measures. She said the travelling community and the public are also urged to be vigilant and take the necessary precautions, as advised by health authorities. An eye observation at Sir Seretse Khama International Airport shows a routine check when one jumps off an aircraft, followed by a coronavirus form then few detecting machines and sterilization of hands. But this is not enough for most Batswana who have taken their panic to social media networks.
The ever calm and well-groomed Air Botswana hostess clad in blue dresses always wearing faces oozing with confidence have shown their typical class, assuring safety of passengers and that it is business as usual. However during an observation few days ago when an aircraft landed at the Sir Seretse Khama International Airport, the usual on duty classy countenance always held by air hostesses escaped one face as anxiety took over when she remarked, “where are all these Chinese coming from…I am scared, are we really safe from coronavirus.” She said these words in vernacular as she watched few face masked passengers appearing to originate from the coronavirus infested regions, holding red and black passports engraved in what seemed to be Mandarin letters.
“The approach to handling and managing CONVID-19 in this county is not limited to AirBotswana, there are other two (2) key stakeholders who are playing even bigger roles namely; Ministry of Health – Public Health Authorities and Civil Aviation Authority of Botswana (CAAB). Air Botswana on a regular basis engages with these stakeholders to monitor developments related to the CONVID-19,” reminded Kebafetotse.
She said the Civil Aviation Authority has issued guidelines on Communicable Disease Response Procedure, which the Airline adheres to. “Additional steps to provide assurances emanate from our Operations Manual on Managing Communicable Diseases. You may have noticed that Ministry of Health, through Health Port provide temperature scans on arrival and departure,” Kebafetotse told BusinessPost.
At the beginning of last month Botswana and China agreed to limit travel by citizens of both countries as part of measures to reduce the spread of the deadly coronavirus. That is when Chinese Ambassador to Botswana Zhao Yanbo said those who recently arrived from China are advised to self-house at least 14 days from time of arrival. He said about 150 Chinese who have been to China have volunteered to self-contain.
Minister of Health and Wellness Lemogang Kwape had last month assured Parliament that measures are put in place to ensure the disease does not spread into the country. At the beginning of last month WHO Representative Dr Josephine Namboze and Kwape toured key facilities including the Sir Seretse Khama International Airport in the capital Gaborone, the isolation facility in Block 8 and Sir Ketumile Masire Teaching Hospital, in case of increasing numbers of people needing isolation and management. It is reported that Dr Namboze and Minister Kwape had also toured the busiest land border post between Botswana and South Africa to monitor health facilities and staff. That is the time when the country had 5 suspected cases of coronavirus and until now no confirmed case has been recorded.
The Bulb World Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and entrepreneur, Ketshephaone Jacob has been selected as a 2021 Top 50 Africa’s Business Hero.
Jacob was chosen from a pool of 12,000 applicants – many of whom are highly-skilled and accomplished entrepreneurs.
Africa’s Business Hero, sponsored by technology entrepreneur, Jack Ma, aims to identify, support and inspire the next generation of African entrepreneurs who are making a difference in their local communities, working to solve the most pressing problems, and building a more sustainable and inclusive economy for the future.
The initiative is as inclusive as possible and applications were open in English and French to entrepreneurs from all African countries, all sectors, and all ages who operate businesses formally registered and headquartered in an African country, and that have a 3 year-track record.
Every year, finalists are selected to compete in the ABH finale pitch competition and participate in a TV Show that will be broadcast online and across the continent.
The finalists will compete for a share of US $1.5 million in grant money.
The Bulb World, is home grown LED light manufacturing company, which was partly funded by Citizen Entrepreneurial Development Agency (CEDA) at the tune of P4 million, to manufacture LED lighting bulbs for both commercial and residential use in 2017.
The Bulb World operate from the Special Economic Zone of Selibe Phikwe. Early this year, The BulB World announced its expansion to South Africa, setting in motion its ambitious Africa expansion plan.
During the first quarter of 2021, production in Botswana’s economic nucleus- the mining sector contracted by 12 percent. This is according to Mining Production Index released by Statistics Botswana this week.
The country’s central data body revealed that Index of Mining production stood at 74.4 during the first quarter of 2021, showing a negative year on-year growth of 12.0 percent, from 84.6 registered during the first quarter of 2020.
The main contributor to the decline in mining production came from the Diamonds sector, which contributed negative 11.7 percentage points. Soda Ash was the only positive contributor in the mining production, contributing 0.1 of a percentage point. However Soda Ash’s contribution was insignificant to offset the negative contribution made by Diamonds.
The quarter-on-quarter analysis by Statistics Botswana experts shows an increase of 16.3 percent from the index of 64.0 during the fourth quarter of 2020 to 74.4 observed during the period under review.
Diamond production decreased by 12.1 percent during the first quarter of 2021 compared to the same quarter of the previous year. The decrease was as a result of planned strategy to align production with weaker trading conditions mostly linked to Covid-19 protocols restrictions.
Botswana’s diamond sector is underpinned by Debswana, the country’s flagship rough producer- a 50-50 joint venture between government and global mining giant De Beers Group. The other producer is Canadian based Lucara Diamond Corp through its wholly owned Karowe Mine which is a relatively small but significant production that has made a name for itself worldwide with rare diamond recoveries of unprecedented carat size.
On the other hand, quarter-on quarter analysis shows that production has improved, registering a positive growth of 17.5 percent during the first quarter of 2021 compared to the preceding quarter – 2020 Q4.
Though production was significantly lower in the first quarter, the two producers ended Q2 with rare diamond recoveries. Debswana early last month found the world’s third largest gem diamond – weighing 1098 carat at Jwaneng Mine, its flagship gem quality diamonds producer, also regarded the world’s richest diamond mine.
A week later Lucara announced its second biggest recovery, the 1174 carat clivage near-gem dug from its Karowe Mine. The diamond is the world third in carat size after the plus-3000 carat Cullinan found in South Africa back in 1905 and the 1758 carat Sewelo unearthed at its Karowe mine in 2019. Debswana and Lucara are investing billions of pulas in underground mining projects to extend the life of its mines, Jwaneng & Karowe respectively.
In terms of Gold which is produced at Mupani mine near Botswana’s second city of Francistown output decreased by 17.9 percent during the first quarter of 2021 compared to the same quarter of the previous year.
Similarly, quarter-on-quarter analysis reflects that production decreased by 21.4 percent during the first quarter of 2021, compared to the preceding quarter. The decrease was as a result of the deteriorating lifespan of the mine as well as the impact of COVID-19 which slowed down the mining activities.
Soda Ash production increased by 11.1 percent during the first quarter of 2021 compared to the same quarter of the previous year. In terms of quarter-on-quarter Soda Ash production also showed an increase, picking up by 2.1 percent during the period under review. The increase in production is attributable to the effectiveness of the plant following refurbishment which occurred in the third quarter of 2020.
Salt production decreased by 34.0 percent during the first quarter of 2021, compared to the same quarter of the previous year. Similarly, the quarter-on-quarter analysis shows that salt production registered a decrease of 32.9 percent during the period under review. Both salt and Sodash are produced by partly government owned Botswana Ash (BotsAsh) operating from Sowa town near Makgadikgadi pans.
Coal production decreased by 11.2 percent during the first quarter of 2021, compared to the corresponding quarter of the previous year. The decrease was attributed to the reduced demand from Morupule B Power Station following the remedial works being undertaken, as one boiler was in operation during the period under review.
Although production fell, Statistics Botswana says there was no shortfall in supply of coal due to stockpiling. On the other hand, the quarter-on-quarter comparison shows that coal production increased by 20.4 percent compared to the preceding quarter.
Botswana’s flagship coal producer is Morupule Coal Mine; a wholly state owned mining company located in Palapye producing primarily for Botswana Power Corporation (BPC)’s power generation plants Morupule A & B.
The other coal producer is Botswana Stock Exchange listed Minergy which operates a 390 MT Coal Resource mine in Masama near Media in the southwestern edge of the Mmamabula Coalfields.
Department of Mines in the Ministry of Mineral Resources, Green Technology & Energy Security has awarded mining licence to Tshukudu Metals-a subsidiary of Aussie firm Sandfire Resources ,giving the company a green light to start piecing the ground at its Motheo Copper Project near Gantsi.
Lefoko Moagi, minister in charge of mineral resources in Botswana confirmed to weekendpost on Tuesday. Minister Moagi revealed that “the licence has been approved , but Sandfire Resources as a listed company will report to its shareholders and investors then make an official public statement” he said.
Based on a forecast copper price of US$3.16/lb (reflecting current long-term consensus pricing) the Base Case 3.2Mtpa – Ghantsi copper project is forecast to generate US$664 million (over P7 billion) in pre-tax free cash-flow and US$987 million (over P10 billion) in EBITDA (Earnings Before Interest, Tax, Depreciation and Amortisation), at a forecast all-in sustaining cost of US$1.76/lb over its first 10 years of operations.
In December 2020, the Board of Sandfire Resources approved the commercial development of the Motheo Copper Mine located in the Kalahari Copper Belt in Botswana, marking a key step in its transformation into a global, diversified, and sustainable mining company.
Tshukudu Metals Botswana (Pty) Limited (Tshukudu) a 100% owned subsidiary will be the owner and operator of the Motheo Copper Mine which is scheduled to produce up to 30,000 tonnes per annum of copper in concentrate over a 12 year mine life.TMB is targeting development of its Motheo Copper Mine in 2021 and 2022, with its first production in 2023.
GOVERNMENT NOT TAKING UP 15 % STAKE ON OFFER
Beginning of this year presentations were made to the Department of Mines as part of the Mining Licence approval process and to the Ghanzi Regional Council, additional information was requested by Department of Mines in April and was duly supplied by the company.
As part of the Mining Licence approval process, the Government of Botswana has a right to acquire up to a 15% fully contributing interest in all mining projects locally. Quizzed on whether government through Mineral Development Corporation Botswana (MDCB) would be taking up stake in the project Minister Moagi said, “No consideration is being made on that regard”.
“Government is not considering taking up a stake in the Ghantsi Copper Mine project, every opportunity is assessed on all risks, but Government makes money all the while from leases, taxes and royalties, remember if you take stake you are liable for liabilities of the project as well,” Moagi said.
Last month Sandfire announced that it has awarded over P5 billion worth mining contract to African Mining Services (AMS), a subsidiary of Perenti, to deliver the open cast operation.
The contract, which has an estimated value of US$496 million (over 5 billion), is the largest single operational contract for the new Motheo Project covering a period of 7 years and 3 months, with provision for a one-year extension.
The contract according to Sandfire Resources was awarded following a competitive 3-stage tender process which saw a number of key factors taken into consideration when selecting the preferred contractor.
These included Citizen Economic Empowerment, safety culture, equipment suitability and availability, commercial terms and identified improvement opportunities. Under the terms of the contract, AMS has agreed to form a 70:30 Joint Venture with a suitable local Botswana partner or partners.
The JV is expected to be finalized ahead of commencement of mining in early 2022. African Mining Services has been operating in Africa for over 30 years. AMS’ parent company, ASX listed diversified mining services group Perenti, already has a presence in Botswana through Barminco, their underground mining division, at the large-scale Khoemacau Copper Mine located 200km north-east of Motheo.
Last month Sandfire executives said the award of the open pit mining contract represents another key milestone in advancing the Motheo Project towards production, with all components of the contract in line with the key parameters outlined in the December 2020 Definitive Feasibility Study (DFS).
The company said full-scale construction of the US$279 million (over P 3 billion ) mine development is expected to commence immediately upon receipt of the Mining Licence, with mining scheduled to commence in early 2022 ahead of first production in early 2023. This week Sandfire Resources advertised over 10 positions in calling on applications from geologists, mining engineers and geotechnical engineers.
The Motheo mine has an initial mine life of 12.5 years based on production from the T3 pit. The initial development is expected to generate approximately 1,000 jobs during the construction phase and 600 direct full-time jobs during operations, with at least 95% of the total mine workforce expected to be made of up of Botswana citizens.
Later in the week Sandfire Resources announced in the company website that it has received the licence. Sandfire’s Managing Director and CEO, Mr Karl Simich, said the award of the Mining Licence represented a major milestone that would see a significant increase in construction and development activities on site.
“We are absolutely delighted to now be in a position to move to full-scale construction at Motheo, with our construction crews expected to mobilise to site over the next few days. I would like to thank the Government of Botswana for their support throughout the approvals process, which will see Motheo come on-stream in 2023 as one of very few new copper mines commencing production globally.”
Simich said the project is expected to generate approximately 1,000 jobs during construction and 600 full-time jobs during operations, and represents the foundation for Sandfire’s long-term growth plans in Botswana.
“Our vision is that Motheo will form the centre of a new, long-life copper production hub in in the central portion of the world-class Kalahari Copper Belt, where we hold an extensive ground-holding spanning Botswana and Namibia,” he said.