Banks and micro-lenders like Letshego will be one of the big beneficiaries when government effects the second leg of the civil servants on April 1st, this was observed by Motswedi Securities experts recently.
Last year after trade unions and government sat down for salary negotiations, it was announced that for the financial year 2019/20 there be an increment of 10 percent for scales A and B , 6 percent for scales C and D, effective 1st April 2019. It was also announced at the same time that there will be the same manner of increment for the financial year of 2020/21, civil servants are still waiting.
When commenting on the recently released Letshego 2019 final financial results on Monday, Motswedi Securities experts said: “We are expecting the second leg of the Botswana civil servants salary increments to be effected on the 1st of April – this will likely play well into growing the retail loan book as is in line with the Group strategy. Otherwise, the group will maintain its core business of deduction at source while also looking to diversify its product offering.”
Letshego is a major lender of government and state owned companies employees who make a larger percentage of the working class in Botswana. Last year the micro-lender’s deduction code ensured that before salaries were credited into accounts of civil servants, instalments due to Letshego were collected by government workers and paid as a lump sum to the micro lender, which decreased or eliminated chances of defaults. Hence why the micro-lender has kept a fair loan book with few defaults as impairments were kept at bay according the 2019 financial results. Botswana’s Household Debt is currently standing at USD 3.6 billion.
However renowned rating agency, Moody’s Investor Service is very sceptical of this system of deduction of loan payments at source from the public sector employees because governments may change terms and regulations or impose restrictions on such platform of loan collection hence leading to a sharp rise in bad debts and impairment costs. Moody’s said this could lead to negative rating pressure being exerted on Letshego's rating if regional authorities in the company's main operating markets change the terms of loan collections from public servant.
According to Moody’s, as of June 2019 Letshego offered payroll loans to around 20 percent of Botswana’s civil servants which was less than the Namibian government workers’ 47 percent. Mozambique government employees who were offered payroll loans last year were around 23 percent. Letshego’s loan book is topped by Botswana being high at 29 percent, followed by Namibia contributing to the micro-lender’s lending by 23 percent. Rwanda does not contribute anything to Letshego’s loan book currently, while Nigeria only adds a percent.
Letshego has just woken up from a human resource fracas with exodus of top management, failing to keep a CEO for more than a year. Motswedi Securities highlighted the bright side was marked by some improvement from the prior year’s numbers, with Profit After Tax up 35 percent at P691 million from P510mn, driven by a 93 percent spike in non-interest income and a 53 percent cut in the expected credit losses. The Letshego EPS climbed to 29.2 thebe, while RoE went up 16 percent and RoA went up to 6 percent.
Letshego has 2,144,045,175 shares in offer and was trading at P0.90 with a market capitalization of 1,929,640,658. Last year just when this country was going for national polls, Letshego saw the biggest decline in its share price, losing 51.2 percent. Letshego’s 12 month low is P0.70 while its high is P1.62. “Letshego achieved growth in both income and profits in 2019, with profits after tax enjoying a strong resurgence on 2018. This is against a backdrop of a challenging year for Letshego following unexpected changes in the Group’s senior leadership team and new regulatory regimes in some of its markets.
The focus for the year was on embedding the strategy to deliver positive performance through maintaining stability, cost control, improving portfolio collection quality and stabilizing the effective tax rate," said Letshego directors. Letshego has declared final dividend of 7.7 thebe per share for the year ended 31 December 2019. The micro-lender shares go ex-dividend from 27 April 2020, while last date to register is 29 April 2020 before dividend payment date on 11 May 2020. Going forward, according to Motswedi Securities, the group maintains its stance on expansion and will not be increasing its footprint across Africa, it will remain present in 11 countries on the continent. One of the key deliverables noted by the incoming CEO Andrew Okai according to Motswedi, include a 10 percent growth in the top line while maintaining the cost to income; cost of credit to sit at around 2.5 percent, push RoE to 20 percent; and reduce the effective tax rate to a target rate of 35 percent (2019: 39%, 2018: 50%).
Respected rating agency Moody’s assigned a Ba2 Corporate Family Rating (CFR) and Ba3/Not Prime issuer ratings to Letshego two weeks ago. According to the rating agency, the outlook on Letshego is stable. “The Ba2 CFR captures the company's solid capitalisation and profitability, supported by its niche, low-cost, franchise. They also capture Letshego's growing diversification across regional countries, which makes the company more resilient to an adverse change in any of its operating markets,” said Moody’s.
According to Moody’s, Letshego’s strengths enabled it to overcome challenges such as narrow business models with high reliance on payroll deductions for loan repayment collections. Letshego also has high exposure to foreign exchange risk. The micro-lender has elevated asset quality risks. According to Moody’s, Letshego's expansion in other sub-Saharan markets, client segments and products, results in a material weakening of asset quality and profitability metrics. Letshego has a major challenge by its dependence on market-sensitive wholesale funding, Moody’s acknowledges that the micro-lender has put on action to address this weakness.
Following a devastating first half of the year 2020 due to COVID-19, the global diamond industry started gaining positive momentum towards the end of the year as key markets entered into thanks giving and holiday season.
However Bruce Cleaver, Chief Executive Officer of De Beers Group cautioned that the industry is not out of the woods yet, citing prevailing challenges ahead into 2021.
The first half of 2020 was characterized by some of the worst challenges in history of global diamond trade.
The midstream, where rough diamonds are traded in wholesale and bulk to cutters and polishers, was for the most part of second quarter 2020, suffocated by international travel restrictions as countries responded to the contagious Corona Virus.
This halted movement of buyers and shipment of the rough goods , resulting in unprecedented decline of sales, in turn ballooning stockpiles as the upstream operations produced with little uptake by the midstream.
The situation was exacerbated by muted demand in the downstream where jewelry industries and tail end retailers closed to further curb the spread of COVID-19.
However towards the end of third quarter getting into the last quarter of the year, demand in both midstream and downstream started to steadily pick up as countries relaxed COVID-19 restrictions.
De Beers, the world’s largest diamond producer by value started reporting significant recovery in sales in the sixth and seventh cycle, figures began to reflect an upswing in sentiment as well as increase in uptake of rough goods by midstream.
Sales for the sixth cycle amounted to $116 Million, following a sharp downturn in the previous cycles, significant jump was realized during the seventh cycle, registering $320 million, an over 175 % upswing when gauged against the proceeding cycle.
De Beers noted that diamond markets showed some continued improvement throughout August and into September as Covid-19 restrictions continued to ease in various locations.
“Manufacturers focused on meeting retail demand for polished diamonds, particularly in certain product areas, accordingly, we saw a recovery in rough diamond demand in the seventh sales cycle of the year, reflecting these retail trends, following several months of minimal manufacturing activity and disrupted demand patterns in all major markets,” said De Beers Chief Executive, Bruce Cleaver in September last year.
The diamond mining behemoth continued to register impressive sales in the eighth and ninth cycle signaling the industry could end the year on a positive note.
The momentum was indeed carried into the last cycle of the year. The value of rough diamond sales (Global Sightholder Sales and Auctions) for De Beers’ tenth sales cycle of 2020 amounted to $440 million, a significant increase from the 2019 tenth sales cycle value.
Against what seemed like a positive year end that would split into the New Year Bruce Cleaver, CEO, De Beers Group, however warned the industry not to count eggs before they hatch.
“Positive consumer demand for diamond jewellery resulting from the holiday season is supporting the continuation of retail orders for polished diamonds from the diamond industry’s midstream sector. This in turn supported steady demand for De Beers’s rough diamonds at our final sales cycle of 2020,” Cleaver had said in December.
In caution the De Beers Chief noted that “While the diamond industry ends the year on a positive note, we must recognise the risks that the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic presents to sector recovery both for the rest of this year and as we head into 2021.”
All segments of the supply chain were severely impacted by the global lockdown measures introduced in response to the Covid-19 pandemic in the first half of 2020.
After a strong US holiday season at the end of 2019, the rough diamond industry started 2020 positively as the midstream restocked and sentiment improved.
However, from February 2020, the Covid-19 outbreak began to have a significant impact on diamond jewellery retail sales and supply chain, with many jewelers suspending all polished purchases and/or delaying payments to their suppliers.
Rough diamond sales were materially affected by lockdowns and travel restrictions, delaying the shipping of rough diamonds into cutting and trading centers and preventing buyers from attending sales events.
These resulted in significant decline in total revenue for the business in the first six months of 2020. Total revenue decreased by 54% to $1.2 billion from $2.6 billion registered in the prior half year period ended 30 June 2019.
For the entire first six (6) months of the year 2020 De Beers Rough diamonds sales fell drastically to $1.0 billion from $2.3 billion in the prior H1 period ended 30 June 2019. Sales volumes decreased by 45% to 8.5 million carats compared to 15.5 million carats registered in the prior period.
Next month Minister of Finance & Economic Development, Dr Thapelo Matsheka will face the nation to deliver Botswana‘s first budget speech since COVID-19 pandemic put the world on devastating economic trajectory.
The pandemic that broke out in late 2019 in China has put the entire world on unprecedented chaos ,killing over P1 million people across the globe , shattering economies and almost rendering the year 2020 – a 12 months stretch of complete setback.
The 2021/22 budget speech will come at time when Botswana’s economy is still trying to emerge out of this.
National lockdowns and local travel restrictions have hit small medium enterprises hard, while international travel restrictions halted movement of both good and people, delivering by far some of the heaviest and worst catastrophic blows on the diamond industry and tourism sector, the likes of which this country has never seen before on its largest economic sectors.
As Minister Matsheka faces parliament next month, the reality on the ground is that Botswana’s national current cash resource, the Government Investment Account (GIA) is depleting at lightning speed.
On the other hand the COVID-19 economic mess is prevailing, the virus is reported to have taken a new dangerous shape of a deadly variant, spreading like fueled veld fire and causing some of the world’s super powers back to tough restrictions of lockdown.
According official figures released by Bank of Botswana, in October 2020 the GIA was running at P6 billion compared to the P18.3 billion held in the account in October 2019.
However reports indicate that the account could be currently holding just about P3 billion. The draw down from the GIA has been by exacerbated by declining diamond revenue, the country‘s largest cash cow. The sector was experiencing significant revenue decline even before COVID-19 struck.
When the National Development Plan (NDP) 11 commenced three (3) financial years ago, government announced that the first half of the NDP would run at a budget deficits.
This as explained by Minister of Finance in 2017 would be occasioned by decline in diamond revenue mainly due to government forfeiting some of its dividend from Debswana to fund mine expansion projects.
Cumulatively, since 2017/18 to 2019/20 financial year the budget deficit totaled to over P16 billion, of which was financed by both external and domestic borrowing and drawing down from government cash balances.
Taking into account the COVID-19 economic mess in 2020/21 financial year, the budget deficit could add up to P20 billion after revised figures.
Drawing down from government cash balances to finance these budget deficits meant significant withdrawals from the Government Investment Account, hence the near depletion of this buffer.
Meanwhile should Botswana’s revenue streams completely dry up to zero levels; the country would only have 11 months, before calling out for humanitarian aids and international donors, because foreign reserves are also on slow down.
During 2019, the foreign exchange reserves declined by 8.7 percent, from Seventy One Billion, Four Hundred Million Pula (P71.4 billion) in December 2018 to Sixty Five Billion, Three Hundred Million Pula (P65.3 billion) in December 2019.
The reserves declined further in 2020, falling by 2.3 percent to Sixty Three Billion, Seven Hundred Million Pula (P63.7 billion) in July 2020. This was revealed by President Masisi during State of the Nation Address in November last year.
The decrease was mainly due to foreign exchange outflows associated with Government obligations and economy-wide import requirements.
However latest statistics(October 2020) from Bank of Botswana reveal that Botswana’s foreign reserves are estimated at P58.4 billion, with government’s share of these funds significantly low.
Government has since introduced several measures to contain costs and control expenditure with the most recent intervention being the halting of recruitment in government departments and parastatals.
Furthermore, Value Added Tax has been signaled to go up from 12% to 14% in April this year with more hikes and service fees anticipated as government embarks on unprecedented domestic revenue mobilization.
Botswana Stock Exchange listed hotel group Cresta Marakanelo Limited (“CML” or “the Company”) announced the signing of a lease agreement for Phakalane Golf Estate Hotel & Convention Centre, which will see CML extend its footprint by adding the 4 star Gaborone property to its already impressive portfolio. The agreement is subject to regulatory approvals therefore the effective date of the transaction is expected to be 1 February 2021.
CML brings a wealth of expertise to the lease and despite the difficult year for the tourism and hospitality industry, due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, CML remains confident in the recovery of the sector and the need to invest in expanding the Company’s footprint.
CML Managing Director, Mr Mokwena Morulane commented: “Our continued efforts to improve our offerings, understand the market dynamics and modern day trends in the face of global challenges, means we are ready for the changing face of tourism and international travel, and this addition to the Cresta portfolio signals our confidence in the future.
“Despite the headwinds faced in 2020, Management has continued to focus on projects that enhance CML’s product offering such as the refurbishments at Cresta Mowana Safari Resort & Spa in the tourism capital Kasane and the ongoing refurbishment of Cresta Marang Residency in Francistown. The signing of the lease for the 4 star Phakalane Golf Estate Hotel & Conference Centre is a great addition to the Cresta portfolio and will unlock shareholder value in the future.
“We remain vigilant to value-enhancing opportunities including acquisitions or leases, after having reconsidered our pipeline against current and expected market conditions.”
Commenting on the lease agreement, the Chief Executive Officer, Mr S Parthiban, speaking on behalf of Phakalane noted; “No hotel chain holds as much expertise in the region, understands our local culture and tastes and what hospitality is about better than Cresta Marakanelo Limited. We believe that the renovations done to the property has made Phakalane Hotel and Convention Centre a unique product in Botswana and at par with international facilities. We believe that this lease will benefit not only us as Phakalane , but the market in general as Cresta has run hotels successfully in Botswana for over 30 years and is therefore expected to bring new offerings that appeal to the local and international markets as well as the residents and visitors to the Golf Estate. We look forward to a long mutually beneficial relationship with Cresta.”
CML like the rest of the tourism and hospitality industry and the entire value chain was hard hit by lockdowns with the surge of COVID-19. By investing during the low period, the company hopes to realise the future value of spending time in preparing for the new consumer dynamics and behaviour. Despite business interruptions as a result of a six-month long state of emergency and several lock-down periods declared by the Government of Botswana to limit the spread of COVID-19, the Company is starting to record an increase in occupancies, which bodes well for the recovery of the industry and the Company’s future prospects.