Botswana’s import car industry market future looks bleak following the recent unearthing of massive tax evasion by the dealerships at the behest of Botswana Unified Revue Services (BURS).
WeekendPost has established that given the tax the car dealers have been evading for years running in millions, dealers will likely not be able to pay the dues to the government coffers anytime soon. It is understood that the move may see many of them closing down for good following the flouting of the customs duty law. One of the fong kong car dealers, Brian Tom of Tom’s Import cars, told WeekendPost this week that: “Let us forget about the import cars. The BURS guys have closed in on us, and it looks permanent (closure).”
He added that the, “tax collectors are even refusing with those cars they have possessed. They valued these cars and after we pay for the valuation they refused to give the cars back on reasons that they are investigating us. And these cars are our money. We bought them with our cash with expectation that they will be bought to accumulate back the money.” This publication understands that as the tax man cracks the whip, 1522 vehicles have been confiscated so far from 24 car dealerships in Mogoditshane.
“We have written extensive statements and affidavits at Police on how we have been buying these imported cars from Durban in South Africa. It seems like they want to further incarcerate us for doing such business,” he pointed out. The Import car dealer highlighted that it will be difficult to sell these imports going forward while adding that: “it’s either they want to stop us from doing this business or they want to do it themselves.” The car dealer emphasised that there are no jobs in the country but they are just shutting down the industry which has employed many Batswana.
“As I speak, all garages in Mogoditshane have been closed up. All offices selling cars have also been closed. Even my office is closed. It’s been closed since January up to now. As the month comes to an end I don’t know what to do for survival,” he said adding that he has even given up. “I am contemplating on removing all the branding in the office and look for a different business or go back to the village. I am giving up,” he highlighted.
Tom also took time to further tell this publication that he regrets casting his vote in favour of the ruling Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) as he did not listen to someone who persuaded him to remove the party from power. “If President Dr Mokgweetsi Masisi knows about all these things then he is not fit for office. You cannot attack an existing car industry. This industry has even employed people. People make a living through selling these cars,” he lambasted.
Meanwhile, a customer of the imported cars, Thabang Letsibogo also threw in his penny about the matter from a local customer perspective. He cited the business mogul Satar Dada who might have politically influenced the tax man to go for the dealers who sell at a cheaper price than big dealers.
“I think Satar Dada fears competition. He controls the economy of this country and enjoys monopoly. Like the infamous Guptas in South Africa, this is done just to favour him. But cars at Motor Centre and Barloworld are very expensive,” the fong kong customer stressed out. He continued to highlight that the economy of Mogoditshane is now collapsing due to the prevailing circumstances. Mogoditshane will be a ghost village soon with all car garages closed, he said.
Another customer who spoke on condition of anonymity pointed a finger at the import car dealership. He warned that “they have to do business the proper way. But it is not over. They can pay the fines, then withdraw from doing shady deals.” When a car was bought at P40 000 from Durban they must not down price it to P20 000 to dodge tax at the border, that money should have gone into the country to provide key developments.
He observed that “the only "danger" that they are facing in future, if the dealers manage to open up, as Mogoditshane cars consumers – is inflated prices. Just as example, he said, a Honda fit which now costs around P20 000 will probably then be escalated to cost approximately P45 000. When reached for comment, Motor Centre Toyota Botswana proprietor Dada dismissed the assertion that he fears competition: “We don’t sell those cheap cars. It’s totally different. Different markets.”
On his alleged political interference to curb competition from such dealers he told WeekendPost that there is: “no political interference. Nothing like that,” while attacking the fong kong import dealers to pay tax: “why do it in the first place? The problem is with these guys because they are not paying the duty. They are at fault with the law. It’s that simple. No problem in seeing that.”
Independent Lawyer view of the BURS v Car Dealers saga
A Gaborone based attorney, Karabo Nkitseng of Ndina Law Firm highlighted to Weekend Post that BURS is right to fight against Tax leakages, but only to an extent that they satisfy themselves that indeed there is tax leakage. He pointed out that the biggest worry is founded on an assumption that the actual tax payer is the customer, the question then should never be about affordability. “There should be no outcry from car dealers’ because they only paying tax over the actual cost and will recover that on the purchase price as the pass on cost to consumers,” attorney Nkitseng stated.
He explained: “I want to believe that these guys are simply saying we buy cars at 500 US dollars even though they know they bought at 2000 US dollars, so the 500 US dollars is simply for computation of customs duty, but when they get to the customer they price on the 2000 US dollars. You can imagine big players at Mogoditshane car dealers doing that with over 1000 cars?’’ he wondered.
“Which means their savings is on the leakage. That is what is happening on the ground. And how much those guys are pocketing. How much is the government losing. So to curb this it should be a joint effort between Competition and Consumer Authority with BURS. That way all stakeholders are being protected.” According to the Senior Counsel, with small individuals doing the business, for example they buy a car for BWP 50 000, then the dealer at Durban gives them a receipt of 30 000 so that 'customer' or owner of the car can pay less tax on it.
“The emphasis of paying tax should be directed mostly to big import car companies as they are seriously evading tax charges,” he highlighted.The reason right now, he explained, why one can negotiate a high price reduction at Mogoditshane is not even competition based, it’s simply the one going below just eating up on his profit margin because of the tax leakage.
He further observed that if one gets an individual buying vehicles and declaring the actual cost then customs duty is properly charged and he goes to Mogoditshane to sell, his price build up is then inclusive of customs duty price component, he is then forced to VAT register in order to recoup the tax component, he then will sell the vehicles to consumers who will be buying with a proper cost reflective price.
“Once the prices are excessive Competition and Consumer Authority would know from the declaration that was made at the time of payment of customs duty. We as customers then just buy thinking we got a better deal,” he said. According to the lawyer, the only fear car dealers are facing is that they are going to lose business. Meanwhile BURS Acting Commissioner General (CG) Segolo Lekau recently confirmed to Weekend Post that a number of businesses especially those importing goods are trespassing the customs law.
“It appears the citizens are working hand in hand with these businessmen and agree to be given falsified payment documents that do not necessarily depict the real price. At the end government is losing a lot of money because we claim less than we should be from SACU,” said the Acting CG. Lekau continued; “this now may force the government to increase tax because she may feel that what she is getting is very low as she will not be getting the actual custom duty and VAT corresponding with the product imported.”
Following the seizure of cars in Mogoditshane, Lekau told this publication that they may now start setting prices for ‘Fong-Kong’ cars. This comes after this publication recently reported that BURS is swimming in a pool of more than P3.3 billion debt emanating from uncollected tax arrears. According to BURS annual report 2018, BURS is failing to manage its debt by effectively and efficiently collecting the arrears to make sure the funds reach the government coffers for development of the country.
As the preparations for the Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) congress are about to kick off, reports on the ground suggest that the party’s Deputy Treasurer Jackdish Shah will not defend the position in August as he contemplates relocation.
According to sources, the businessman who joined the BDP Central Committee in 2015 at the 36th Congress held in Mmadinare is ready to leave the party’s politburo. It is said he long made up his mind not to defend the position last year. A prominent businessman, Shah, when he won the position to assist Satar Dada in 2015 was expected to improve the party’s financial vibrancy. By then the party was under the leadership of Ian Khama.
According to close sources, Shah long decided not to contest because he has fallen out of favour with the party leadership. It is said he took the decision after some prominent businessmen who are BDP members and part of football syndicate decided to push him out and they used their proximity to President Mokgweetsi Masisi to badmouth him hence the decision.
“The fight at the Botswana Football Association (BFA) and Botswana Football League (BFL) has left him alone in the desert and some faces there used their close access to the President to isolate him,” said a source. Media reports say, Shah does not see eye to eye with BFA President MacLean Letshwiti who is also Masisi’s buddy hence the decision.
BFL Chairman Nicholas Zackhem is said to be not in good terms with Shah, who at one point Chaired the then Botswana Premier League (BPL). “He is seriously considering quitting because of what is unfolding at the team (Township Rollers) which is slowly not making financial gains and might be relegated and he wants to sell while it is still worth the investment,” said a highly placed source.
Shah is a renowned businessman who runs internet providing company Zebra net, H &G, game farm in Kasane, cattle farm in Ghanzi region and lot of properties in Gaborone. He also has two hotels in USA, his advisors have given him thumbs up on the possible decision of relocating provided he does not sell some of the investments that are doing well.
Asked about whether he will be contesting Shah could not confirm nor deny the reports. It is said for now it is too early as a public decision will have to be taken after the national council meeting and prior to the national congress. “As a BDP Central Committee member he cannot make that announcement now,” a BDP source said.
BDP is expected to assemble for the National Council during the July holidays while the National Congress is billed for August. It is then that the party will elect a new CC members. The last time BDP held elective congress was at Kang in 2019. The party is yet to issue writ.
The government has failed to implement some commitments and agreements that it had entered into with unions to improve conditions of public servants.
Three years after the government and public made commitments aimed at improving conditions of work and services it has emerged that the government has ignored and failed to implement all commitments on conditions of service emanating from the 2019 round of negotiations.
In its position paper that saw public service salaries being increased by 5%, the government the government has also signalled its intention to renege on some of the commitments it had made. “Government aspires to look into all outstanding issues contained in the Labour Agreement signed between the Employer and recognised Trade Union on the 27th August 2019 and that it be reviewed, revised and delinked by both Parties with a view to agree on those whose implementation that can be realistically executed during the financial years 2022/23, 2023/24 and 2024/25 respectively,” the government said.
Furthermore, in addition to reviewing, revising and de-linking of the outstanding issues contained in the Collective Labour Agreement alluded to above and taking on a progressive proposal, government desires to review revise, develop and implement human resource policies as listed below during the financial year 2022/23,2023/24,2024/25
They include selection and appointment policy, learning and development policy, transfer guidelines, conditions of service, permanent and pensionable, temporary and part time, Foreign Service, expatriate and disciplinary procedures.
In their proposal paper, the unions which had proposed an 11 percent salary increase but eventually settled for 5% percent indicated that the government has not, and without explanation, acted on some of the key commitments from the 2019/2020 and 2021/22 round of negotiations. The essential elements of these commitments include among others the remuneration Policy for the Public Service.
The paper states that a Remuneration Policy will be developed to inform decision making on remuneration in the Public Service. It is envisaged that consultations between the government and relevant key stakeholders on the policy was to start on 1st September 2019, and the development of the policy should be concluded by 30th June 2020.
The public sector unions said the Remuneration Policy is yet to be developed. The Cooperating Unions suggested that the process should commence without delay and that it should be as participatory as it was originally conceived. Another agreement relate to Medical Aid Contribution for employees on salary Grades A and B.
The employer contribution towards medical aid for employees on salary Grades A and B will be increased from 50% to 80% for the Standard Option of the Botswana Public “Officers’ Medical Aid Scheme effective 1st October 2019; the cooperating unions insist that, in fulfilling this commitment, there should be no discrimination between those on the high benefit and those on the medium benefit plan,” the unions proposal paper says.
Another agreement involves the standardisation of gratuities across the Public Service. “Gratuities for all employees on fixed term contracts of 12 months but not exceeding 5 years, including former Industrial class employees be standardized at 30% across the Public Service in order to remove the existing inequalities and secure long-term financial security for Public Service Employees at lower grades with immediate effect,” the paper states.
The other agreement signed by the public sector unions and the government was the development of fan-shaped Salary Structure. The paper says the Public Service will adopt a best practice fan-shaped and overlapping structure, with modification to suit the Botswana context. The Parties (government and unions) to this agreement will jointly agree on the ranges of salary grades to allow for employees’ progression without a promotion to the available position on the next management level.
“The fan-shaped structure is envisaged to be in place by 1st June 2020, to enable factoring into the budgetary cycle for the financial year 2021/22,” the unions’ proposal paper states. It says the following steps are critical, capacity building of key stakeholders (September – December 2019), commission remuneration market survey (3 months from September to November 2019), design of the fan-shaped structure (2 to 3 months from January to March2020) and consultations with all key stakeholders (March to April 2020).
The unions and government had also signed an agreement on performance management and development: A rigorous performance management and reward system based on a 5-point rating system will be adopted as an integral part of the operationalization of the new Remuneration System.
Performance Management and Development (PMD) will be used to reward workers based on performance. The review of the Performance Management System was to be undertaken in order to close the gaps identified by PEMANDU and other previous reports on PMS between 1st September 2019 and 30th June 2020 as follows; internal process to update and revise the current Performance Management System by January 2020.
A job evaluation exercise in the Public Service will also be undertaken to among others establish internal equity, and will also cover the grading of all supervisory positions within the Public Service. Another agreement included overtime Management. The Directorate of Public Service Management (DPSM) was to facilitate the conclusion of consultations on management of overtime, including consideration of the Overtime Management Task Team’s report on the same by 30th November 2019.
A public health expert, Dr Edward Maganu who is also the former Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Health has said that unlike many who are expressing shock at the population census growth decline results, he is not, because the 2022 results represents his expectations.
He rushed to dismiss the position by Statistics Botswana in which thy partly attributes the low growth rates to mortality rates for the past ten years. “I don’t think there is any undercounting. I also don’t think death rates have much to do with it since the excessive deaths from HIV/AIDS have been controlled by ARVs and our life expectancy isn’t lower than it was in the 1990s,” he said in an interview with this publication post the release of the results.
Preliminary results released by Statistics Botswana this week indicated that Botswana’s population is now estimated to be 2,346,179 – a figure that the state owned data agency expressed worry over saying it’s below their projected growth. The general decline in the population growth rate is attributed to ‘fertility’ and ‘mortality’ rates that the country registered on the past ten years since the last census in 2011.
Maganu explained that with an enlightened or educated society and the country’s total fertility rate, there was no way the country’s population census was going to match the previous growth rates. “The results of the census make sense and is exactly what I expected. Our Total Fertility Rate ( the average number of children born to a woman) is now around 2.
This is what happens as society develops and educates its women. The enlightened women don’t want to bear many children, they want to work and earn a living, have free time, and give their few children good care. So, there is no under- counting. Census procedures are standard so that results are comparable between countries.
That is why the UN is involved through UNFPA, the UN Agency responsible for population matters,” said Maganu who is also the former adviser to the World Health Organisation. Maganu ruled out undercounting concerns, “I see a lot of Batswana are worried about the census results. Above is what I have always stated.”
Given the disadvantages that accompany low population for countries, some have suggested that perhaps a time has come for the government to consider population growth policies or incentives, suggestions Maganu deems ineffective.
“It has never worked anywhere. The number of children born to a woman are a very private decision of the woman and the husband in an enlightened society. And as I indicated, the more the women of a society get educated, the higher the tendency to have fewer children. All developed countries have a problem of zero population growth or even negative growth.
The replacement level is regarded as 2 children per woman; once the fertility level falls below that, then the population stops growing. That’s why developed countries are depending so much on immigration,” he said.
According to him, a lot of developing countries that are educating their women are heading there, including ourselves-Botswana. “Countries that have had a policy of encouraging women to have more children have failed dismally. A good example is some countries of Eastern Europe (Romania is a good example) that wanted to grow their populations by rewarding women who had more children. It didn’t work. The number of children is a very private matter,” said Maganu
For those who may be worried about the impact of problems associated with low growth rate, Maganu said: “The challenge is to develop society so that it can take care of its dependency ratio, the children and the aged. In developed countries the ratio of people over 60 years is now more than 20%, ours is still less than 10%.”
The preliminary results show that Mogoditshane with (88,098) is now the biggest village in the country with Maun coming second (85,293) and Molepolole at third position with 74,719. Population growth is associated with many economic advantages because more people leads to greater human capital, higher economic growth, economies of scale, the efficiency of higher population density and the improved demographic structure of society, among many others.