President Dr Mokgweetsi Masisi — like his predecessor, Lt Gen Ian Khama — has commissioned the construction of a publicly funded private homestead at his acknowledged farm in Sekoma. The President may be forced to walk the tight rope of the law in implementing the project, but there is likelihood of fiscal policy pitfalls.
Despite controversies that surrounded Khama’s Mosu homestead, construction works have commenced in Sekoma to build the incumbent President a similar homestead, but there are reports that there is an effort to make sure everything is within the rule book. It is reported that a number of Directorate of Intelligence (DIS) agents and Botswana Defence Force (BDF) members have been stationed there to provide security. In addition, a high profile DIS agent who is said to be a close friend to the President has been appointed to supervise the project.
Like the Mosu project, much of the costs will account for the airstrip that will be built to facilitate the President’s regular air travel to and from Sekoma. When confirming this, a source close to the developments said: “It is an upcoming project. The fact of the matter is there are constructions underway. All the controversies that had been linked with Mosu, I see a repetition, a possible likelihood of abuse of public funds if they are not careful. You know all what has been said in the past about Mosu.”
President Masisi, who was the Minister of Presidential Affairs, Governance and Public Administration when the Mosu debacle unfolded, has decided to take another bullet from the resentful public, this time around to reward himself. Khama’s Mosu homestead was considered an unnecessary and a wasteful expenditure by his administration. When taking over the baton of Presidency, Masisi had promised to promote good governance during his presidency, but the Sekoma debacle could turn out to be a serious blot on his copybook if he does not monitor the work by civil servants at his private crib.
While the public frowns against such possible abuse of public funds, Government contends that it is within the law to carry out such projects in favour of a sitting president. A sitting Presidents deserves highest possible security and a residence that matches his office, those close to Government dealings theorise. The construction of an airstrip in Mosu has previously been justified by government, a contention which was even defended by the current Minister of Defence, Justice and Security Kagiso Mmusi.
Mmusi told Parliament recently that the construction of the Mosu airstrip in 2013 was estimated at open market to cost approximately P10 million. “However as a cost saving measure the BDF opted to utilise available earth moving equipment instead of outsourcing,” clarified Mmusi. He further revealed that upon completion of the Mosu project in 2018, it was established that the cost of the project was P6 427 494.68, which was less than the initial estimate of P10 million.
Members of Parliament then raised a crucial matter when they asked Mmusi to account for all the other airstrips on the former Presidents of which he was not in a position to give the exact costs inquired on the airstrips. MPs were worried that even though the Minister says there is a specific budget allocated to Presidents as a benefit to build airstrips, it has emerged that some have erected airstrips on more than one land. Mmusi could not confirm the allegations as he said he needed time to seek appropriate information relating to the two former Presidents; Festus Mogae and Ketumile Masire.
Senior government officials had once confirmed when appearing before the Public Accounts Committee that the controversial Mosu airstrip had been built using public funds. What further raised eyebrows on the Mosu project was that its budget had been placed under the intelligence security budget. Placing the budget under the intelligence and security allegedly meant that the airstrip is a security threat which was not the case. It is believed that including the budget on the intelligence budget was allegedly to avoid further questions on the project as they would cite security considerations.
Masisi, while Presidential Affairs Minister gave an explanation as to why and how Mosu was budged for. Masisi had explained that the airstrip at Mosu was constructed by personnel and machinery of BDF as an exercise and measure of utmost economy. If the airfield was to be constructed in the open market, using prices in the open market, he said it was roughly estimated that it might have costed more than what had been budgeted for.
Therefore, frugality by the BDF and the government, led by the Botswana Democratic Party, Masisi said it was thought to have been the best alternative to engage BDF personnel whose costs would be the cost of operating the machinery, maintaining it as the personnel are in there.
African Scientists and Experts Call for the adoption of a Harm Reduction in approach in Public Health Strategies and Tobacco Control. Media have a critical role to play in accelerating Harm Reduction efforts by informing and sensitizing cigarette smokers on the availability and benefits of alternative, potentially lower risk products to cigarretes. Traditional cessation and smoking prevention norms are not the only ways that smokers who cannot or donâ€™tâ€™ want to quit can make healthier choices that cause less harm to themselves and those around them.
This was said during the 2nd Harm Reduction Exchange conference for African journalists held in Nairobi, Kenya on the 1st of December 2022. Speaking at the Harm Reduction Exchange Conference, Integra Africa Principal Dr. Tendai Mhizha emphasized the role that journalists and media houses should play in handling misinformation and disinformation in tobacco harm reduction discourse that is actually perpetuating the death and disease caused by people continuing to smoke combustible cigarettes. â€śThere has been a lot of disinformation surrounding the topic of nicotine and the alleged negative effects that e-cigarettes have on public health.
This has led to policies that disfavour risk reduces products and narratives that completely deny their benefits. The media have the difficult responsibility to curb the scourge of disinformation and misinformation on harm reduction just like on other socio-political stances that are prescriptive and do not uphold consumersâ€™ right to healthier lifestyle choices,â€ť Dr Mhizha said.
The Harm Reduction Exchange cast a spotlight on alternative ways to reduce harm among tobacco smokers. Held under the theme Harm Reduction: Making a difference in Africa, the conference focused on the progress being made through harm reduction strategies in all fields related to public health such as drug and alcohol abuse, excessive sugar consumption, skin lightening and other addictive and behavioral practices. A wide array of harm reduction strategies and initiatives that are deployed towards reducing unnecessary deaths through non-communicable diseases were presented and discussed.
It applies to areas where there is a need to reduce the harm associated with a practice or consumption of a substance that is overused in society leading to increased morbidity and mortality. â€śInnovative Harm Reduction initiatives will help to keep more Africans alive. Tobacco Harm Reduction initiatives, including the use of popular e-cigarettes, nicotine patches and chewing gums, have continued to generate a lot of misunderstanding in both the public health community and in the media. However, there is evidence that the use of potentially less harmful alternatives than cigarettes for those who are not willing or cannot give up smoking with currently approved methods may be a solution, not necessarily the best for everyone but by far better than continuous smoking.
Tobacco Harm Reduction was introduced to mitigate the damage caused by cigarette smokingâ€”the most dangerous form of tobacco use, and the leading cause of preventable diseases, including cardiovascular disease, lung cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. â€śNicotine has an addictive potential but plays a minor role in smoking-related morbidity and mortality. Across the world, there is growing interest among experts in novel approaches towards tobacco control and there is an ongoing discussion that reducing the negative effects of smoking can be also achieved by tobacco harm reduction,â€ť Dr. Kgosi Letlape, an ophthalmologist and President of Africa Medical Association and the president of the Association of Medical Councils of Africa, said.
Tobacco cessation is a key factor in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Abstinence from tobacco smoking is one of the primary goals for health promotion and management globally but it is unachievable in a huge amount of cases. This task remains unaccomplished despite extensive public campaigns on the health dangers of tobacco smoking. Thus, the development of novel strategies to reduce smoking is imperative. Moreover, the use of innovations in smoking products has been currently adopted by several smokers to reduce the health risks of smoking.
â€śThe Harm Reduction approach prevents drug-related deaths and overdose fatalities and is the only way out for addicts. In the same way these alternative technologies can reduce tobacco harm and accelerate the journey to a smoke-free world as they reduce exposure to toxicants,â€ť Bernice Apondi, A Policy Manager at Voices of Community Action and Leadership Kenya (VOCAL-Kenya), said.
During the Harm Reduction Exchange, journalists drawn from Southern, West and East African countries, including: Nigeria, Botswana, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Eswatini, Tanzania, Uganda, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe debated and set forth several resolutions in regards to the present and future as well as the challenges and progress made in Harm Reduction,and science-led regulation.
The Harm Reduction Exchange brought together high-level policy makers, physicians, scientists and health policy experts with media stakeholders from Africa in a lively mix of speeches, presentations, and panel discussions. The key note speakers included Prof Abdoul Aziz Kasse, Ms Bernice Opondi, Joseph Magero, Jonathan Fell, Chimwemwe Ngoma, Clive Bates, Dr. Kgosi Letlape, Dr. Vivian Manyeki and Dr. Tendai Mhizha.
Over 2,000 civil servants in the public sector have been interdicted for a variety of reasons, the majority of which are criminal in nature.
According to reports, some officers have been under interdiction for more than two years because such matters are still being investigated. Information reachingÂ WeekendPostÂ shows that local government, particularly councils, has the highest number of suspended officers.
In its annual report, the Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC) revealed that councils lead in corrupt activities throughout the country, and dozens of council employees are being investigated for alleged corrupt activities. It is also reported that disciplined forces, including the Botswana Defence Force (BDF), police, and prisons, and the Directorate of Intelligence and Security (DIS) have suspended a significant number of officers.
The Ministry of Education and Skills Development has also recorded a good number of teachers who have implicated in love relationships with students, while some are accused of impregnating students both in primary and secondary school. Regional education officers have been tasked to investigate such matters and are believed to be far from completion as some students are dragging their feet in assisting the investigations to be completed.
This year, Mmadinare Senior Secondary reportedly had the highest number of pregnancies, especially among form five students who were later forcibly expelled from school. Responding to this publicationâ€™s queries, Permanent Secretary to the Office of the President Emma Peloetletse said, â€śas you might be aware, I am currently addressing public servants across the length and breadth of our beautiful republic. Due to your detailed enquiry, I am not able to respond within your schedule,â€ť she said.
She said some of the issues raised need verification of facts, some are still under investigation while some are still before the courts of law.
Meanwhile, it is close to six months since the Police Commissioner Keabetwe Makgophe, Director General of the Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC) Tymon Katlholo and the Deputy Director of the DIS Tefo Kgothane were suspended from their official duties on various charges.
Efforts to solicit comment from trade unions were futile at the time of going to press.
Some suspended officers who opted for anonymity claimed that they have close to two years while on suspension. One stated that the investigations that led him to be suspended have not been completed.
â€śIt is heartbreaking that at this time the investigations have not been completed,â€ť he toldÂ WeekendPost, adding that â€śwhen a person is suspended, they get their salary fully without fail until the matter is resolvedâ€ť.
Makgophe, Katlholo and Kgothane are the three most high-ranking government officials that are under interdiction.
Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) and some senior government officials are abuzz with reports that President Mokgweetsi Masisi has requested his Vice President, Slumber Tsogwane not to contest the next general elections in 2024.