Once one of the most prominent and respectable metropolitan towns in the colonial era, with architectural designs to ravel visitors, Lobatse was the hub of growth and development. Colonizers invested in it, built it and became a vocal point of trade.
Such was the case of Lobatse; a legendary 123 year old town which was nearly made this country’s capital city, failed to hang onto the economic value of the 66 year old beef abattoir that was built by Botswana’s colonial master, subsequently becoming a ghost town. One of the reasons why Lobatse died is because the beef abattoir, now known as Botswana Meat Commission (BMC), is not doing well financially and its workers left the town more than a decade ago leaving the economic status of the town moribund.
But someone has hope that the town of Lobatse will somehow revive and become what the colonialists had in mind more than a century ago. A daring and brave property investment company; Prime Time is building a P116 million mall in Lobatse at Lot 14076, situated at the town’s main bus terminal. The shopping mall is to be known as Lobatse Junction mall.
According to Botswana Stock Exchange listed Prime Time, it has found a niche in a town which has never seen new shopping centre buildings for 15 years. Lobatse holds a small population of close to 30 000, but Prime Time is hopeful that, “a steady stream of traffic passing through it as a border town (border to economic giant and biggest trading partner to Botswana, South Africa) and its position on the A1 as strategic.
“Current retail provision is concentrated in a few small malls, stand-alone units and traditional high street retail. Existing offerings are therefore generally dated with tenants holding onto premises due to a lack of other options in the market. New entrants to the Lobatse market are also frustrated by a lack of available premises,” said Prime Time justifying the idea of a mall in Lobatse and why it should be in high demand.
But this was not the first time the company invested in Lobatse and its first investment never lived up to expectations as it seemed to be swallowed or overshadowed by the ghost town. According to Prime Time, the Hillside Mall property is currently subject to a shortening ground lease and will diminish in value as the lease runs down. However, according to Prime Time, Lobatse Junction mall acquisition will protect the company’s position as a major player in the retail market in Lobatse.
According to independent valuer Benedict Kgosilentswe who valued the mall property on 13 September 2019, the 4.4204 Ha land is going to be developed with a shopping complex measuring approximately 8,805 m2. Prime Time said the property measures 4.42 hectares and is held on a 30-year lease from Lobatse Town Council with an option to renew for a period of a further 30 years. According to Kgosilentswe, the land use specifies “Mixed Use (Commercial and Civic and Community)”.
“Spar will be the anchor tenant to occupy about 1,900m2, the promoter/developer will also sign up a mixture of National and South African National stores. At the time of our survey, construction of the mall had not yet commenced,” said Kgosilentswe, a Chartered Surveyor with more than 20 years’ experience undertaking valuations of fixed property assets, commercial property valuation, agency and consultancy.
Tenants expected to join major tenant Spar are; Botswana Life, BBS, Ackermans, PEP, Jet, Clicks and Bradlows. “The proposed shopping complex will comprise a parade of 30 retail units, 10 kiosks, 15 small informal traders’ kiosks, 20 larger informal traders’ kiosks and two ATM kiosks to have 263 surface car parking bays, 14 bicycle parking bays,” said Kgosilentswe.
“I have inspected signed leases and expressions of interest and can confirm tenant demand for leasing space at the property has been exceptionally strong. The majority of interest from tenants is from regional and national players which will provide a secure income stream,” said Kgosilentswe. Kgosilentswe said Lobatse lacks high quality retail provision which will be addressed by Lobatse Junction. He said the mall is excellently located and will benefit from the busy traffic created by the bus and railway stations.
The valuer of Lobatse Junction mall also said Time Projects is providing Prime Time with a rental guarantee of 8 percent which will protect the company’s return on investment during the centre’s first year of operation, which can often be turbulent as tenants bed down. Prime Time Linked Unitholders, who holds more than 5 percent of the issued Linked Units are Botswana Public Officers Pension Fund (BPOPF) with 77,621,910 units which is 31.72 percent, Linwood Services with 16. 36 percent, Tati Company with 22, 873, 86 which is 9.35 percent and Debswana Pension Fund with 7.99 percent.
Primetime Unitholders to be paid 8.32 thebe on March
For the year ended 31 August 2019 Primetime had final interest distribution comprising of interest of 2.00 thebe per linked unit and it has been declared payable. The 2.00 thebe declared last year will be added into an interim interest distribution comprising interest of 6.32 thebe per linked unit in respect of the year ended 31 August 2020 (covering the 4-month period to 31 December 2019) which has been declared payable. Next month on the 23th unitholders will be paid a total of 8.32 thebe per linked unit (gross).
Linked unitholders or investors have been told that the company has started road shows to institutional investors regarding a fund raising through a rights issue and issuance of further debt instruments under the Company’s existing domestic medium term bond programme. According to Primetime’s latest cautionary announcement, the company is raising funds “to support its continuing growth strategy.”
The partnership between Debswana and Botswana Oil Limited (BOL) which was announced a fortnight ago will create under 100 direct jobs, and scores of job opportunities for citizens in the value chain activities.
In a major milestone, Debswana and BOL jointly announced that the fuel supply to Debswana, which was in the past serviced by foreign companies, will now be reserved for citizen companies. The total value of the project is P8 billion, spanning a period of five years.
“About 88 direct jobs will be created through the partnership. These include some jobs which will be transferred from the current supplier to the new partnership,” Matida Mmipi, Head of Stakeholder Relations at Botswana Oil, told BusinessPost.
“We believe this partnership will become a blueprint for other citizen initiatives, even in other sectors of the economy. Furthermore, this partnership has succeeded in unlocking opportunities that never existed for ordinary citizens who aspire to grow and do business with big companies like Debswana.”
Mmipi said through this partnership, BOL and Debswana intend to impact citizen owned companies in the fuel supply value chain that include transportation, supply, facilities maintenance, engineering, customs clearance, trucks stops and its support activities such as workshop / maintenance, tyre services, truck wash bays among others.
“The number of companies to be on-boarded will be determined by the economics at the time of engagement,” she said. BOL will play a facilitatory role of handholding and assisting emerging citizen-owned fuel supply and fuel transportation companies to supply Debswana’s Jwaneng and Orapa Letlhakane Damtshaa (OLDM) mines with diesel and petrol for their operations.
“BOL expects to increase citizen companies’ market share in the fuel supply and transportation industries, which have over the years been dominated by foreign-owned suppliers. Consequently, the agreement will also ensure security of supply for Debswana operations, which are a mainstay of the Botswana economy,” Mmipi said.
“Furthermore, BOL will, under this agreement, transfer skills to citizen suppliers and transporters during the contract period and ensure delivery of competent and skilled citizen suppliers and transport companies upon completion of the agreement.”
Mmipi said the capacitating by BOL is limited to providing citizen companies oil industry technical capability and capacity to deliver on the requirements of the contract, when asked on helping citizen companies to access funding.
“BOL’s mandate does not include financing citizen empowerment initiatives. Securing funding will remain the responsibility of the beneficiaries. This could be through government financing entities including CEDA or through commercial banks. Further to this, there are financial institutions that have already signed up to support the Debswana Citizen Economic Empowerment Programme (CEEP),” Mmipi indicated.
While BOL is established by government as company limited by guarantee, it will not benefit financially from the partnership with Debswana, as citizen empowerment in the petroleum value chain is core to BOL’s mandate.
“BOL does not pursue citizen facilitation for financial benefit, but rather we engage in citizen facilitation as a social aspect of our mandate. Citizen facilitation comes at a cost, but it is the right thing to do for the country to develop the oil and gas industry,” she said.
Mmipi said supplying fuel to Debswana comes with commercial benefits such as supply margins. These have traditionally been made outside the country when supply was done by multi-nationals for a period spanning over 50 years. With BOL anchoring supply for Debswana, this benefit will accrue locally, and BOL will be able to pay taxes and dividends to the shareholders in Botswana.
PwC Africa has presented the eighth edition of the VAT in Africa Guide – Africa re-emerging. This backdrop of renewal informs on the re-emergence of African economies and societies which have been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic.
In this edition, which has been compiled by PwC Africa’s indirect tax experts, covers a total of 41 African countries. It is geared towards sharing insight with our clients based on the constantly changing tax environments that can have a significant impact on business operations.
Within Africa, governments continue to focus on expanding the tax net by improving revenue collection through efficient compliance systems and procedures. PwC Africa has observed that revenue authorities also continue to take a keen interest in indirect taxes as part of revenue mobilisation initiatives.
Maturing VAT system and upskilling SARS
“In South Africa, VAT is becoming more relevant as a revenue source for the government,” says Matthew Besanko, PwC South Africa’s Indirect Tax Leader. “Strides have been made to upskill South African Revenue Service (SARS) staff and identify VAT revenue leakages, particularly in respect of foreign suppliers of electronic services to people and businesses in South Africa.”
Broadening the tax base and digital economy
In the past year, South Africa, Mozambique and Zimbabwe saw updates to their VAT legislation, or introduced specific legislation targeting electronically supplied services (ESS), which is in line with the global trend of attempting to tax the digital economy. “The expectation is that Botswana will also introduce VAT legislation in due course, while the National Treasury in South Africa has also made mention of revising the rules to account for further developments in the digital economy,” Besanko says.
South Africa’s National Treasury has also drafted legislation with the intention to introduce a reverse charge on gold, which is expected to come into effect later in 2022. While in Zimbabwe, revenue authorities have introduced a tax on the export of raw medicinal cannabis ranging between 10% and 20%, which came into effect on 1 January 2021.
ESG and carbon tax
Key strides have also been made within the Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) space. “ESG leadership, strategising and reporting is essential now for organisations that wish to flourish and remain relevant,” Kabochi says. He adds that companies need to consider how ESG and tax intersect, since tax is a significant value driver when businesses need to deliver on their ESG goals.
In South Africa, a carbon tax regime, which is being implemented in three phases, has been adopted. The second phase was scheduled to start in January 2023, however phase one was extended by three years until 31 December 2025.
Until then, taxpayers will enjoy substantial tax-free allowances which reduce their carbon tax liability. At the beginning of 2022, the South African government increased the carbon tax rate to R144 (about US$9), which is expected to increase annually to enable South Africa to uphold its COP26 commitments.
With effect from 1 January 2023, carbon tax payers in South Africa will also be required to submit carbon budgets and adhere to the provisions of the carbon budgeting system which will be governed by the Climate Change Bill. Where set carbon budgets are exceeded, the government plans to impose penalties. “At PwC, we are continuously focused on our renewed global strategy, ” The New Equation,” Kabochi says. “Through this strategy, a key focus area for PwC Africa is to support clients in adding value to their ESG ambitions and building trust through sustained outcomes.”
The New Equation is also an acknowledgement of the fundamental changes in the business environment in which PwC’s clients and other stakeholders operate. PwC continues to reinvent and adapt to these changes as a community of problem solvers, combining knowledge and human-led technology to deliver quality services and value.
Local and international economists have lowered their projections on Botswana’s economic growth for 2022 and 2023, saying the country is highly likely to fail to maintain high growth rate recorded in 2021 hence will not reach initial forecasts.
Economists this week lowered 2022 forecasts for Botswana’s economic growth rate, from the initial 5.3% to 4.8% and added that in 2023 growth could further decline to 4.0%. The lower projections come on the backdrop of an annual economic growth that recovered sharply in 2021 with figures showing that year-on-year real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth increased to 11.4%, up from a contraction of 8.7% in 2020.
Economists from the local research entity, E-consult, this week stated that the 2021 double digit growth that exceeded projections made at the time of the 2022 budget may be short lived due to other developments taking place in the global economy. E-consult Economist Sethunya Kegakgametse stated that the war in Ukraine has worsened supply problems in the global economy and added that before the war, macroeconomic indicators were seen as improving and returning to pre-COVID levels.
According to the economist the global economy was projected to improve in 2022 and 2023. Recent figures show that global growth projections have been revised downwards from the initial forecast of 4.9% in 2022 with the World Bank’s new estimate for global growth in 2022 at 3.2%.
The statistics also shows that International Monetary Fund revised their growth projections for 2022 and 2023 down by 0.8% and 0.2% respectively, falling to 3.6% for both years. “The outbreak of war has severely dampened the global recovery that was under way following the COVID-19 pandemic,” said the economist.
She stated that despite Botswana being geographically removed from the conflict, the country has not and will not be exempt from the disruptions in the global economy. “The disruptions to global supply chains resulting from the war will have a negative effect on both Botswana’s growth and trade activities.
The economic sanctions against diamonds from Russia will add uncertainty to the market which will have knock on effects to Botswana’s growth, exports, and government revenues,” said the economists who added that the disruptions are driving prices up and result with very high inflation in the local economy.
Kegakgametse projected that in an attempt to limit inflation Bank of Botswana will be forced to raise interest rate “Should the sharp increase in both global and local inflation persist, Bank of Botswana much like other central banks around the world will be forced to raise interest rates in a bid to control rising prices. This would mean an end to the expansionary monetary policy stance that had been adopted post COVID-19 to aid economic growth,” she said.
In the latest projections, the UK based economic research entity Fitch Solutions lowered 2022 real GDP growth forecast for Botswana from 5.3% to 4.8% “In 2023, we see economic growth rate decelerating to 4.0%,” said Fitch Solutions economists who also noted that the 2022 and 2023 economic growth projections may come out lower than the current forecasts, as it is possible that new vaccine-resistant virus variants may be identified, which could result in the re-implementation of restrictions. “In such circumstances, we cannot rule out that Botswana’s economy may post weaker growth than our baseline scenario currently assumes,” said the economists.
According to the projections, Fitch Solution stated that there is limited scope for Botswana government to increase diamond production and exports, following the economic sanctions imposed on Russian diamond mining companies operating in Botswana. The research entity added that De Beers is unlikely to scale up diamond output from Botswana in order to prop up diamond prices.