Classified information from a 2017 cabinet meeting places President Dr Mokgweetsi Masisi, and the then Minister of Defence, Justice and Security Shaw Kgathi as well as Botswana Defence Force (BDF) Commander Lt General Placid Diratsagae Segokgo at the centre of the controversial Swedish Gripen fighter jets deal.
President Masisi, who is now in charge of the country has ‘repented’. With the recent developments substantiating that government has now cartwheeled on the Gripen deal, it is alleged that government is working around the clock to procure reasonably priced fighter jets of their choice. Impeccable sources within the Botswana Defence Force (BDF) told WeekendPost that President Masisi who was Vice President at the time, told a full cabinet meeting that he does not care about the costs of the Gripen fighter jets, and that they have to be procured.
Even though the debate and arguments continue about the high military spending while ordinary citizens face serious issues of poverty and unemployment, sources within the barracks say it is necessary for the military to be equipped at all times to defend both the air to air and air to ground invasion. “The State is currently faced with no military threat to warrant the purchase of high end fighter aircraft,” said the source.
A deal that went on to breakdown, nearly saw government procuring at least 16 Saab JAS 39 Gripen light single- engine multirole fighter aircrafts manufactured by the Swedish aerospace company Saab, which was going to cost government P16 billion. However, close sources said it depends on the agreement in the contract on how the money is paid, usually the country is given a timeframe of between 3- 5 years to finalise the payment.
“While they went to Sweden, it was reported that they had three to four options, the French Dassault Mirage 2000 multirole, the KAI T-50 Golden Eagle, the German Mako fighter as well as Swiss fighter jets but they settled for the Gripens even though they were too expensive. The move was influenced by the fact that South Africa, in the region currently uses the Saab JAS 39 Gripen, a light single- engine multirole fighter aircraft manufactured by the Swedish aerospace company Saab”.
It is alleged that the then Minister of Defence Shaw Kgathi failed to secure a better deal with the Swedish company in his bid to negotiate a cheaper price. “At the cabinet meeting which BDF Commander Segokgo attended together with ten men from Defence Council, agreed that there is need to maintain the BDF Air Wing and Vice President Masisi supported the BDF proposal. He later agreed in principle to the procurement of the Gripens”.
In 2013 BDF purchased five PC-7MkII aircrafts from Pilatus, a company from Switzerland that has been working with the BDF since 1989, when BDF bought seven of the first generation PC-7 aircrafts. PC-7MkII aircrafts are mainly used for basic pilot training, their predecessors, the PC-7s, were also used in search and rescue roles and several pilots are said to have graduated as a result of the PC-7 training.
However, the source defended the military budget saying the military equipment by its nature is very expensive more especially the air assets. For example the BELL 412 helicopter currently costs $6. 7 million in USA while the average cost of a CASA 235 will be $34 million. The maintenance and running costs of these aircrafts which are usually used for training is very high. “The advantage of Gripens is that they come with more advanced features as compared to the F5 fighter jets currently used by the BDF”, said the source.
Former President Lt Gen Ian Khama, who was at the helm at that time refused to comment on the basis of confidentiality. Khama said even though he is a former President, he took an oath to uphold what was discussed in cabinet with confidentiality even after office. Pressed further, former President Khama said he “cannot confirm nor deny the allegations coming from the said meeting.” The Masisi led administration would later somersault on the decision to procure Gripens owing to a hostile response from the general public and criticism from the private media.
“However, government is allegedly weighing options on procurement of the next generation fighter jets, helicopters, radar systems and military armoured vehicles,” the source said. In his maiden budget speech, Minister of Finance and Economic Development Thapelo Matsheka announced that the Ministry of Defence, Justice and Security had been allocated the second largest share – a whopping P1.94 billion which equals to 16.14 percent – of the National Budget 2020/ 21.
The new Minister of Finance emphasized that the bulk of the budget would go to the BDF for air assets, vehicles and defence and communications equipment while the balance would be split between Botswana Police Service (BPS) and Botswana Prisons Services. Last week in his response to the budget speech -Member of Parliament for Kanye North, Thapelo Letsholo opposed the budget provision for air assets for the military. Commenting on the National Budget 2020/ 21 Letsholo said the country’s peace and security is not at any risk that warrants the purchase of air assets.
He said government should reconsider and not budget for any military equipment purchases now or at least for the next five years, adding that the only budget provision for the military should be for the maintenance of existing equipment. Letsholo indicated that the most serious risk to national peace and security was youth unemployment and extreme poverty. These, he argued, were the only risks that demanded a significant chunk of the budget. “Poverty and unemployment exacerbate inequality and robs people of their dignity,” stated Letsholo, adding that it was a threat to national security.
Speaking to WeekendPost last week, Minister of Defence, Justice and Security Kagiso Mmusi stated that the nation misinterpreted the statement by Minister of Finance and Development Planning, Dr Thapelo Matsheka, with regard to the contentious subject of air assets. “The budget will not be used for air crafts and Fighter Jets. I am 100 percent sure. The flying machines are not included in the air assets,” the Defence, Justice and Security Minister insisted to this publication.
He continued to explain that “air arm is a very broad sector. Some of our radars are very low. So we have to upgrade them. Because even planes cannot land safely. This means tomorrow if our pilot’s plane crashes, the public will say Mmusi is useless in his job and that we are trying to avoid that.” In Parliament, when responding to the Budget Speech as delivered by Dr. Matsheka, Mmusi also defended the budget: "I have noted misinformation and statements over the past few days with respect to the budget allocated to Ministry of Defence, Justice and Security. I wish to state categorically that the allocated funds will not be used for aircraft or Fighter Jets. The term air assets in the 2020/21 Budget Speech appears to be misunderstood, perhaps for political reasons.”
He further told Parliament that: “the amount allocated for air assets will not be used for purchasing any aircrafts but will instead go towards radar operation systems upgrades, integrated landing systems, etc. which are also air assets. As the Minister responsible for Defence, I will provide full details through my Committee of Supply speech later during the session. I want to assure Batswana that at the Ministry of Defence, Justice and Security, things will be done transparently and with utmost accountability."
As the preparations for the Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) congress are about to kick off, reports on the ground suggest that the party’s Deputy Treasurer Jackdish Shah will not defend the position in August as he contemplates relocation.
According to sources, the businessman who joined the BDP Central Committee in 2015 at the 36th Congress held in Mmadinare is ready to leave the party’s politburo. It is said he long made up his mind not to defend the position last year. A prominent businessman, Shah, when he won the position to assist Satar Dada in 2015 was expected to improve the party’s financial vibrancy. By then the party was under the leadership of Ian Khama.
According to close sources, Shah long decided not to contest because he has fallen out of favour with the party leadership. It is said he took the decision after some prominent businessmen who are BDP members and part of football syndicate decided to push him out and they used their proximity to President Mokgweetsi Masisi to badmouth him hence the decision.
“The fight at the Botswana Football Association (BFA) and Botswana Football League (BFL) has left him alone in the desert and some faces there used their close access to the President to isolate him,” said a source. Media reports say, Shah does not see eye to eye with BFA President MacLean Letshwiti who is also Masisi’s buddy hence the decision.
BFL Chairman Nicholas Zackhem is said to be not in good terms with Shah, who at one point Chaired the then Botswana Premier League (BPL). “He is seriously considering quitting because of what is unfolding at the team (Township Rollers) which is slowly not making financial gains and might be relegated and he wants to sell while it is still worth the investment,” said a highly placed source.
Shah is a renowned businessman who runs internet providing company Zebra net, H &G, game farm in Kasane, cattle farm in Ghanzi region and lot of properties in Gaborone. He also has two hotels in USA, his advisors have given him thumbs up on the possible decision of relocating provided he does not sell some of the investments that are doing well.
Asked about whether he will be contesting Shah could not confirm nor deny the reports. It is said for now it is too early as a public decision will have to be taken after the national council meeting and prior to the national congress. “As a BDP Central Committee member he cannot make that announcement now,” a BDP source said.
BDP is expected to assemble for the National Council during the July holidays while the National Congress is billed for August. It is then that the party will elect a new CC members. The last time BDP held elective congress was at Kang in 2019. The party is yet to issue writ.
The government has failed to implement some commitments and agreements that it had entered into with unions to improve conditions of public servants.
Three years after the government and public made commitments aimed at improving conditions of work and services it has emerged that the government has ignored and failed to implement all commitments on conditions of service emanating from the 2019 round of negotiations.
In its position paper that saw public service salaries being increased by 5%, the government the government has also signalled its intention to renege on some of the commitments it had made. “Government aspires to look into all outstanding issues contained in the Labour Agreement signed between the Employer and recognised Trade Union on the 27th August 2019 and that it be reviewed, revised and delinked by both Parties with a view to agree on those whose implementation that can be realistically executed during the financial years 2022/23, 2023/24 and 2024/25 respectively,” the government said.
Furthermore, in addition to reviewing, revising and de-linking of the outstanding issues contained in the Collective Labour Agreement alluded to above and taking on a progressive proposal, government desires to review revise, develop and implement human resource policies as listed below during the financial year 2022/23,2023/24,2024/25
They include selection and appointment policy, learning and development policy, transfer guidelines, conditions of service, permanent and pensionable, temporary and part time, Foreign Service, expatriate and disciplinary procedures.
In their proposal paper, the unions which had proposed an 11 percent salary increase but eventually settled for 5% percent indicated that the government has not, and without explanation, acted on some of the key commitments from the 2019/2020 and 2021/22 round of negotiations. The essential elements of these commitments include among others the remuneration Policy for the Public Service.
The paper states that a Remuneration Policy will be developed to inform decision making on remuneration in the Public Service. It is envisaged that consultations between the government and relevant key stakeholders on the policy was to start on 1st September 2019, and the development of the policy should be concluded by 30th June 2020.
The public sector unions said the Remuneration Policy is yet to be developed. The Cooperating Unions suggested that the process should commence without delay and that it should be as participatory as it was originally conceived. Another agreement relate to Medical Aid Contribution for employees on salary Grades A and B.
The employer contribution towards medical aid for employees on salary Grades A and B will be increased from 50% to 80% for the Standard Option of the Botswana Public “Officers’ Medical Aid Scheme effective 1st October 2019; the cooperating unions insist that, in fulfilling this commitment, there should be no discrimination between those on the high benefit and those on the medium benefit plan,” the unions proposal paper says.
Another agreement involves the standardisation of gratuities across the Public Service. “Gratuities for all employees on fixed term contracts of 12 months but not exceeding 5 years, including former Industrial class employees be standardized at 30% across the Public Service in order to remove the existing inequalities and secure long-term financial security for Public Service Employees at lower grades with immediate effect,” the paper states.
The other agreement signed by the public sector unions and the government was the development of fan-shaped Salary Structure. The paper says the Public Service will adopt a best practice fan-shaped and overlapping structure, with modification to suit the Botswana context. The Parties (government and unions) to this agreement will jointly agree on the ranges of salary grades to allow for employees’ progression without a promotion to the available position on the next management level.
“The fan-shaped structure is envisaged to be in place by 1st June 2020, to enable factoring into the budgetary cycle for the financial year 2021/22,” the unions’ proposal paper states. It says the following steps are critical, capacity building of key stakeholders (September – December 2019), commission remuneration market survey (3 months from September to November 2019), design of the fan-shaped structure (2 to 3 months from January to March2020) and consultations with all key stakeholders (March to April 2020).
The unions and government had also signed an agreement on performance management and development: A rigorous performance management and reward system based on a 5-point rating system will be adopted as an integral part of the operationalization of the new Remuneration System.
Performance Management and Development (PMD) will be used to reward workers based on performance. The review of the Performance Management System was to be undertaken in order to close the gaps identified by PEMANDU and other previous reports on PMS between 1st September 2019 and 30th June 2020 as follows; internal process to update and revise the current Performance Management System by January 2020.
A job evaluation exercise in the Public Service will also be undertaken to among others establish internal equity, and will also cover the grading of all supervisory positions within the Public Service. Another agreement included overtime Management. The Directorate of Public Service Management (DPSM) was to facilitate the conclusion of consultations on management of overtime, including consideration of the Overtime Management Task Team’s report on the same by 30th November 2019.
A public health expert, Dr Edward Maganu who is also the former Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Health has said that unlike many who are expressing shock at the population census growth decline results, he is not, because the 2022 results represents his expectations.
He rushed to dismiss the position by Statistics Botswana in which thy partly attributes the low growth rates to mortality rates for the past ten years. “I don’t think there is any undercounting. I also don’t think death rates have much to do with it since the excessive deaths from HIV/AIDS have been controlled by ARVs and our life expectancy isn’t lower than it was in the 1990s,” he said in an interview with this publication post the release of the results.
Preliminary results released by Statistics Botswana this week indicated that Botswana’s population is now estimated to be 2,346,179 – a figure that the state owned data agency expressed worry over saying it’s below their projected growth. The general decline in the population growth rate is attributed to ‘fertility’ and ‘mortality’ rates that the country registered on the past ten years since the last census in 2011.
Maganu explained that with an enlightened or educated society and the country’s total fertility rate, there was no way the country’s population census was going to match the previous growth rates. “The results of the census make sense and is exactly what I expected. Our Total Fertility Rate ( the average number of children born to a woman) is now around 2.
This is what happens as society develops and educates its women. The enlightened women don’t want to bear many children, they want to work and earn a living, have free time, and give their few children good care. So, there is no under- counting. Census procedures are standard so that results are comparable between countries.
That is why the UN is involved through UNFPA, the UN Agency responsible for population matters,” said Maganu who is also the former adviser to the World Health Organisation. Maganu ruled out undercounting concerns, “I see a lot of Batswana are worried about the census results. Above is what I have always stated.”
Given the disadvantages that accompany low population for countries, some have suggested that perhaps a time has come for the government to consider population growth policies or incentives, suggestions Maganu deems ineffective.
“It has never worked anywhere. The number of children born to a woman are a very private decision of the woman and the husband in an enlightened society. And as I indicated, the more the women of a society get educated, the higher the tendency to have fewer children. All developed countries have a problem of zero population growth or even negative growth.
The replacement level is regarded as 2 children per woman; once the fertility level falls below that, then the population stops growing. That’s why developed countries are depending so much on immigration,” he said.
According to him, a lot of developing countries that are educating their women are heading there, including ourselves-Botswana. “Countries that have had a policy of encouraging women to have more children have failed dismally. A good example is some countries of Eastern Europe (Romania is a good example) that wanted to grow their populations by rewarding women who had more children. It didn’t work. The number of children is a very private matter,” said Maganu
For those who may be worried about the impact of problems associated with low growth rate, Maganu said: “The challenge is to develop society so that it can take care of its dependency ratio, the children and the aged. In developed countries the ratio of people over 60 years is now more than 20%, ours is still less than 10%.”
The preliminary results show that Mogoditshane with (88,098) is now the biggest village in the country with Maun coming second (85,293) and Molepolole at third position with 74,719. Population growth is associated with many economic advantages because more people leads to greater human capital, higher economic growth, economies of scale, the efficiency of higher population density and the improved demographic structure of society, among many others.