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Masisi supported Gripen jets deal

Classified information from a 2017 cabinet meeting places President Dr Mokgweetsi Masisi, and the then Minister of Defence, Justice and Security Shaw Kgathi as well as Botswana Defence Force (BDF) Commander Lt General Placid Diratsagae Segokgo at the centre of the controversial Swedish Gripen fighter jets deal.

President Masisi, who is now in charge of the country has ‘repented’. With the recent developments substantiating that government has now cartwheeled on the Gripen deal, it is alleged that government is working around the clock to procure reasonably priced fighter jets of their choice. Impeccable sources within the Botswana Defence Force (BDF) told WeekendPost that President Masisi who was Vice President at the time, told a full cabinet meeting that he does not care about the costs of the Gripen fighter jets, and that they have to be procured. 

Even though the debate and arguments continue about the high military spending while ordinary citizens face serious issues of poverty and unemployment, sources within the barracks say it is necessary for the military to be equipped at all times to defend both the air to air and air to ground invasion. “The State is currently faced with no military threat to warrant the purchase of high end fighter aircraft,” said the source.

A deal that went on to breakdown, nearly saw government procuring at least 16 Saab JAS 39 Gripen light single- engine multirole fighter aircrafts manufactured by the Swedish aerospace company Saab, which was going to cost government P16 billion. However, close sources said it depends on the agreement in the contract on how the money is paid, usually the country is given a timeframe of between 3- 5 years to finalise the payment.  

 “While they went to Sweden, it was reported that they had three to four options, the French Dassault Mirage 2000 multirole, the KAI T-50 Golden Eagle, the German Mako fighter as well as Swiss fighter jets but they settled for the Gripens even though they were too expensive. The move was influenced by the fact that South Africa, in the region currently uses the Saab JAS 39 Gripen, a light single- engine multirole fighter aircraft manufactured by the Swedish aerospace company Saab”.

It is alleged that the then Minister of Defence Shaw Kgathi failed to secure a better deal with the Swedish company in his bid to negotiate a cheaper price. “At the cabinet meeting which BDF Commander Segokgo attended together with ten men from Defence Council, agreed that there is need to maintain the BDF Air Wing and Vice President Masisi supported the BDF proposal. He later agreed in principle to the procurement of the Gripens”.

In 2013 BDF purchased five PC-7MkII aircrafts from Pilatus, a company from Switzerland that has been working with the BDF since 1989, when BDF bought seven of the first generation PC-7 aircrafts. PC-7MkII aircrafts are mainly used for basic pilot training, their predecessors, the PC-7s, were also used in search and rescue roles and several pilots are said to have graduated as a result of the PC-7 training.

However, the source defended the military budget saying the military equipment by its nature is very expensive more especially the air assets. For example the BELL 412 helicopter currently costs $6. 7 million in USA while the average cost of a CASA 235 will be $34 million. The maintenance and running costs of these aircrafts which are usually used for training is very high.  “The advantage of Gripens is that they come with more advanced features as compared to the F5 fighter jets currently used by the BDF”, said the source.

Former President Lt Gen Ian Khama, who was at the helm at that time refused to comment on the basis of confidentiality. Khama said even though he is a former President, he took an oath to uphold what was discussed in cabinet with confidentiality even after office.
Pressed further, former President Khama said he “cannot confirm nor deny the allegations coming from the said meeting.”  The Masisi led administration would later somersault on the decision to procure Gripens owing to a hostile response from the general public and criticism from the private media.

 “However, government is allegedly weighing options on procurement of the next generation fighter jets, helicopters, radar systems and military armoured vehicles,” the source said. In his maiden budget speech, Minister of Finance and Economic Development Thapelo Matsheka announced that the Ministry of Defence, Justice and Security had been allocated the second largest share – a whopping P1.94 billion which equals to 16.14 percent – of the National Budget 2020/ 21.

The new Minister of Finance emphasized that the bulk of the budget would go to the BDF for air assets, vehicles and defence and communications equipment while the balance would be split between Botswana Police Service (BPS) and Botswana Prisons Services. Last week in his response to the budget speech -Member of Parliament for Kanye North, Thapelo Letsholo opposed the budget provision for air assets for the military. Commenting on the National Budget 2020/ 21 Letsholo said the country’s peace and security is not at any risk that warrants the purchase of air assets.

He said government should reconsider and not budget for any military equipment purchases now or at least for the next five years, adding that the only budget provision for the military should be for the maintenance of existing equipment. Letsholo indicated that the most serious risk to national peace and security was youth unemployment and extreme poverty. These, he argued, were the only risks that demanded a significant chunk of the budget. “Poverty and unemployment exacerbate inequality and robs people of their dignity,” stated Letsholo, adding that it was a threat to national security.

Speaking to WeekendPost last week, Minister of Defence, Justice and Security Kagiso Mmusi stated that the nation misinterpreted the statement by Minister of Finance and Development Planning, Dr Thapelo Matsheka, with regard to the contentious subject of air assets.
“The budget will not be used for air crafts and Fighter Jets. I am 100 percent sure. The flying machines are not included in the air assets,” the Defence, Justice and Security Minister insisted to this publication.

He continued to explain that “air arm is a very broad sector. Some of our radars are very low. So we have to upgrade them. Because even planes cannot land safely. This means tomorrow if our pilot’s plane crashes, the public will say Mmusi is useless in his job and that we are trying to avoid that.” In Parliament, when responding to the Budget Speech as delivered by Dr. Matsheka, Mmusi also defended the budget: "I have noted misinformation and statements over the past few days with respect to the budget allocated to Ministry of Defence, Justice and Security. I wish to state categorically that the allocated funds will not be used for aircraft or Fighter Jets. The term air assets in the 2020/21 Budget Speech appears to be misunderstood, perhaps for political reasons.”

He further told Parliament that: “the amount allocated for air assets will not be used for purchasing any aircrafts but will instead go towards radar operation systems upgrades, integrated landing systems, etc. which are also air assets. As the Minister responsible for Defence, I will provide full details through my Committee of Supply speech later during the session. I want to assure Batswana that at the Ministry of Defence, Justice and Security, things will be done transparently and with utmost accountability."

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Botswana still weighing in on Maseko’s assassination

27th January 2023

The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Dr. Lemogang Kwape says Botswana has not taken any position regarding the killing of a renowned human rights lawyer, Thulani Maseko, who was gunned down at his house in Mbabane, Eswatini.

In a brief interview with WeekendPost, Dr Kwape said Botswana has not yet taken any position regarding his death. He said the purported incident should be thoroughly probed before Botswana can form an opinion based on the findings of the inquiries.

“Botswana generally condemns any killing of human life by all means,” says Dr. Kwape. He wouldn’t want to be dragged on whether Botswana will support the suspension of Eswatini from SADC.

“We will be guided by SADC organ Troika if they can be an emergency meeting. I am not sure when the meeting will be called by Namibian president,“ he said.

However, the Namibian president Hage Geingob notes with deep concern reports coming out of Eswatini about the killing of Mr. Maseko. In a statement, he called upon the “Government of the Kingdom of Eswatini to ensure that the killing of Maseko is swiftly, transparently and comprehensively investigated, and that any or all persons suspected of committing this heinous crime are brought to justice.”

Maseko was chairperson of the Multi-Stakeholder Forum which was established as a coalition of non-State actors to advocate for a process of national political dialogue aimed at resolving the security and political challenges confronting the Kingdom.

“SADC expresses its deepest and heartfelt condolences to the family of Mr. Maseko, his friends, colleagues, and to the people of the Kingdom of Eswatini for the loss of Mr. Maseko. In this context, SADC further calls upon the people of the Kingdom of Eswatini to remain calm, exercise due care and consideration whilst the appropriate structures conduct the investigations and bring the matter to completion,” the statement says.

Geingob reiterated the need for peaceful resolution of the political and security challenges affecting the country.

Meanwhile political activists are calling on SADC to suspend Eswatini from the block including the African Union as well.

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Kopong Murder: Accused interferes with witnesses again!

27th January 2023

State prosecutor, Seeletso Ookeditse revealed before the Broadhurst Magistrate Jobbie Moilatshimo that the third accused involved in the murder of Barulaganye Aston, has interfered with the State witnesses again.

The second and third accused (Lefty Kosie and Outlwile Aston) were previously accused of interference when they were caught in possession of cellphones in prison. They were further accused of planning to kill the deceased’s brother, who is currently the guardian to the children of the deceased.

Ookeditse indicated that Outlwile had earlier went to challenge the magistrate’s decision of denying him bail at the High Court before Judge Michael Motlhabi.

“The third accused approached the High Court and made a bail application, which was dismissed on the same day,” Ookeditse said.

However, even after the High Court verdict on their bail application, the duo (Kosie and Aston) has once again applied for bail this week.

Ookeditse plead with the court to stop the accused from abusing the court process.

“Yesterday, Directorate of Public Prosecutions (DPP) received papers of his bail application filed before the Broadhurst Magistrates Court. However, the papers do not speak to changed circumstances, therefore this back and forth about bail must be put to a stop,” said the State prosecutor.

While giving evidence before court, the Investigations Officer, Detective Inspector Quite Zhalamonto, said his investigations have proved that there is interference continuing regarding the accused trio.

He told the court that on the 12th of January 2023, he received a report from Thato Aston, who is the son of the accused and the deceased. The son had alleged to the Investigation Officer that he received a call from one Phillip Molwantwa.

According to Zhalamonto, Thato revealed that Molwatwa indicated that he was from prison on a visit to the Outlwile Aston and went on to ask where he was staying and where his siblings (Aston’s children) are staying.

“Thato revealed that Phillip went on to ask if he or his siblings saw their father murdering their mother, and he was referring to the crime scene. Thato told me that he, however, refused to answer the questions as he was afraid especially because he was asked about where him and his siblings stay,” said Zhalamonto.

Zhalamonto alluded to the court that he then went to Orange to confirm the communication between Thato and Molwantwa where he found the case.

“I have arrested Philip yesterday and when I interviewed him, he did not deny that he knows Aston and that he has indeed called Thato and asked questions as to where him and his siblings resides even though he failed to give reasons for asking such questions,” Zhalamonto told the court.

He further revealed that Molwantwa indicated that he had received a call from an unknown man who refused to reveal himself.

“Phillip told me that the unknown man said he was sent by the accused (Aston), and that Aston had instructed him to tell me to check if there was still some money in his bank accounts, and he also wanted to know where the kids were residing, the unknown man even asked him to meet at Main Mall” the Investigation Officer told the court.

He further informed the court that he is working tirelessly to identify the “unknown caller” and the route of the cell number.

Furthermore, the fourth accused, Kebaleboge Ntsebe, has revealed to the court through a letter that she was abused and tortured by the Botswana Police Services. She wrote in her letter that she suffered miscarriage as a result of being beaten by the police.

Ntsebe is on bail, while a bail ruling for Aston and Kosie will be delivered on the 6th of next month

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Ngamiland Cattle Farmers Gain Green Zone Revenue

27th January 2023

Cattle farmers from Eretsha and Habu in the Ngamiland district, supported by the Community Based Trade (CBT) project, recently generated over P300 000.00 for sales of 42 cattle to the Botswana Meat Commission (BMC) in Maun. This milestone was achieved through support from various stakeholders in conservation, commodity-based trade and the government, in collaboration with farmers. Ordinarily, these farmers would not have made this direct sale since the area is a designated Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) Red Zone.

Traditional livestock farming contributes toward livelihoods and formal employment in the North-West District (Ngamiland) of Botswana. However, primarily due to the increase in FMD outbreaks over the past two decades and predation by wildlife, the viability of livestock agriculture as a source of income has declined in the region. This has led to a greater risk of poverty and food insecurity. Access across the Okavango River (prior to the construction of a bridge) restricted access for farmers in Eretsha. This lack of access hampered sales of cattle beyond Shakawe, further discouraging farmers from investing in proper livestock management practices. This resulted in negative environmental impacts, poor livestock health and productivity.

To address this challenge, farmers are working with a consortium led by Conservation International (CI), with funding secured from the European Union (EU) to pilot a CBT beef project. The project focuses on supporting and enabling communal farmers to comply with standards and regulations that will improve their chances to access markets. An opportunity to earn higher income from cattle sales could incentivize the adoption of restorative rangelands management practices by farmers.

These collaborative efforts being piloted in Habu and Eretsha villages also include the Pro-Nature Enterprises Project for the People of Southern Africa, funded by Agence Française de Développement (AFD) and Le Fonds français pour l’environnement mondial (FFEM). This complementary funding from AFD and FFEM supports the implementation of the Herding4Health (H4H) model and Rangeland Stewardship Agreements across four rangeland sites in Southern Africa, including Habu and Eretsha, to incentivize best practices that could offer sustainability in the long term for livelihoods, conservation and human-wildlife coexistence.

“We spend a lot of money getting our cattle to Makalamabedi quarantine site, the herder spends on average two months taking care of the cattle before they are taken into quarantine – that needs money. All these costs lead to us getting less money from BMC,” said one of the farmers in the programme, Mr Monnaleso Mosanga.

Farmers that participate in the project agree for their cattle to be herded and kraaled communally by fulltime professional herders (eco-rangers). At the core of this pilot is the use of predator-proof bomas (cattle kraals), planned grazing systems and mobile quarantine bomas (electrified enclosures) for the cattle, facilitated in support with the Department of Veterinary Services. The first successful exit from the mobile quarantine bomas in the Habu and Eretsha villages, in December 2022, saw cattle quarantined on-site and directly transported to BMC in Maun. Farmers received almost double the average sales within this region, as costs including transportation to quarantine sites, herder’s fees and other associated costs incurred before qualifying for BMC sales were no longer included.

“This pilot mobile quarantine is leveraging the techniques and protocols we are using at our current permanent quarantine sites, and we are still observing the results of the project. The outcome of this pilot will be presented to the World Organisation of Animal Health to assess its effectiveness and potentially be approved to be used elsewhere,” said Dr Odireleng Thololwane, the Principal Veterinary Officer (Maun).

Through co-financing of almost P1 billion from the Botswana government and Green Climate Fund, these interventions will be replicated, through The Ecosystem Based Adaptation and Mitigation in Botswana’s Communal Rangelands project, across the country. Both projects aim to improve the economic benefits of cattle owners and multitudes of Batswana households, while contributing to land restoration and climate change efforts by the Botswana government

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