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BDF fights Police, Prison over salaries

The inferno that gutted a 25 man barracks block that housed members of the Botswana Defence Force (BDF) at Village Garrison, is heavily linked to the ongoing cold war between the soldiers and their police and prison counterparts.

WeekendPost has established that ever since the de-linking process earlier last year where all the disciplined force members received a windfall of going two notches up from their scales, there has been lament from the junior BDF members. At the top of the query of the juniors, is the fact that despite the de-linking, they are still at the base of the pay structure as compared to their peers from Botswana Police Services (constables) and Prison’s (warders). The contention is, all the junior officers’ wages should be equal, sources say.

“So this week’s fire at Villages Garrison is heavily linked to that issue. The senior members believe that this could have been part of juniors venting out their grievances,” one senior member of the Force told WeekendPost this week. For now the junior officers who are now on B1 salary scale contend that they should also be on the C3 scale just like constables and warders who at their respective institutions are the lowest in the hierarchy. Before the 2019 delinking exercise, Privates were on B3.

“They hoped they would have been listened to but the seniors have continued to turn a deaf ear on them and it has left them more frustrated,” added a source at BDF. It is however emphasized that the juniors have not channelled their displeasure through the right channels fearing it might be interpreted as indiscipline. This is said to be making their case even difficult to attend to. With these, this publication is also informed that there is a suggestion within some army officers that, positions of lance corporal and corporal, be scrapped off.

“Look, Lance Corporal is getting what constables and warders are getting but if you look at the years, you will find that he has been practiced long before the two could even join. So if the army can do away with both lance corporal and corporal ranks then we are only have Private then it will be clear that from there you go to Sergeant as it is the case with police,” one junior member who asked for anonymity proposed. Lance Corporal Cadres are on C4 scale which is also below that of constables and warders.

The government is also advised to avoid this confrontations and should streamline all the ranks within the three arms and ensure that salaries are the same to avoid the disparity. To this end those proposing this say, a BDF Commander should be paid same as police and prison peers and this should go down all the ranks.

The de-linking of pay from rank was simply designed to recognize and place the disciplined force members at par with their counterparts in the public service and to afford them similar remuneration both at entry point and during their progression, adding that it is also geared towards retaining personnel. BDF has for a long time been treated as the most senior of Police and Prison and it is disturbing for their staff members to be paid low compared to others, says some members.

The soldiers are of the view that their Commander Lt Gen Placid Segokgo should address them on this matter. The junior concur with their boss and legislator Major Pius Mokgware who once cautioned government against not providing low ranking soldiers with decent salaries and proper conditions of service citing it as a “security risk.”

“The last time we were addressed was prior to the delinking exercise and before then no one can say he remembers us meeting with our commander and it is not right because we have a number of issues that we want to talk with the leadership,” another junior soldier said.
In its response to enquiries sent by Weekendpost, BDF through Major Monty Malomo from Directorate of Protocol and Public Affairs referred this reporter to the Permanent Secretary to the President circular No 1 OF 2019 for information on the salary scales of members of the Defence Force.

“Salaries of BDF members are determined by the Defence Council as per section 24 (1) of BDF Act No 3 of 2018,” Major Malomo answered and added. “The Commander of the BDF addresses troops from time to time and he will continue to engage them as he always emphasises engagement with subordinates on a regular basis.”

Concerning the burning of the Village Garrison, the BDF said has nothing to share other than what is contained in the press release. The release was only detailing that a 25 man barracks block was gutted by fire on Monday at 07:30 and that no casualties was reported with only personal belongings destroyed.

BDF WARNS FAT SOLDIERS

In terms of the military power, Botswana is ranked 19 out of 34 countries that have been assessed in Africa. A United States (US) site, Global Fire Power (GFP) recently published its 2019 index of powerful militaries in Africa. Botswana is sitting on spot no. 19, which is very low when put together with her counterparts, that is, she is behind countries like Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Angola and Sudan amongst others.  Although relatively ranked low by the power index, the Botswana military wing, Botswana Defence Force (BDF) prides itself that, today, it stands amongst a handful of militaries on the continent that were truly home grown.

Following last year’s report that BDF is one of the weakest armies in Africa, a decision to strengthen the force has been taken. Members of the BDF have been cautioned over failure to pass physical tests as most of them are mostly overweight. Failure to pass the routine physical, one will have to show cause why before a selected panel of jury assessing the fitness of the BDF personnel.

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Transgender persons in Botswana live a miserable life

23rd November 2020
Transgender persons

An international report complied in South Africa dubbed ‘Legal Gender Recognition in Botswana’ says that the transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana live a miserable life. The community experiences higher levels of discrimination, violence and ill health.

In this report, it has been indicated that this is because their gender identity, which does not conform to narrowly define societal norms, renders them more vulnerable. Gender identity is a social determinant of health, which means that it is a factor that influences people’s health via their social context, their communities and their experiences of social exclusion. The Ministry of Health and Wellness has recognized this, and transgender people are considered a vulnerable population under the Botswana Second National Strategic Framework for HIV and AIDS 2010-2017.

In a recent study that shed light on the lived experiences of transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana, transgender persons often experience discrimination because of their gender identity and expression. The study was conducted by the University of Cape Town, LEGABIBO, BONELA, as well as Rainbow Identity Association and approved by the Health Ministry as well as the University of Botswana.

Of the 77 transgender and gender non-conforming people who participated in the study, less than half were employed. Two thirds, which is approximately 67% said that they did not have sufficient funds to cover their everyday needs. Two in five had hidden health concerns from their healthcare provider because they were afraid to disclose their gender identity.

More than half said that because of their gender identity, they had been treated disrespectfully at a healthcare facility (55%), almost half (46%) said they had been insulted at a healthcare facility, and one quarter (25%) had been denied healthcare because of their gender identity.

At the same time, the ‘Are we doing right’ study suggests that transgender and non-conforming people might be at higher risks of experiencing violence and mental ill-health, compared to the general population. More than half had experienced verbal embarrassment because of their gender identity, 48% had experienced physical violence and more than one third (38%) had experienced sexual violence.

The study showed that mental health concerns were high among transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana. Half of the transgender and gender non-conforming study participants (53%) showed signs of depression. Between one in four and one in six showed signs of moderate or severe anxiety (22% among transgender women, 24% among transgender men and 17% among gender non-conforming people).

Further, the study revealed that many had attempted suicide: one in three transgender women (32%), more than one in three transgender men (35%) and three in five gender non-conforming people (61%).

International research, as well as research from Botswana, suggests that not being able to change one’s gender marker has a negative impact on access to healthcare and mental health and wellbeing. The study further showed that one in four transgender people in Botswana (25%) had been denied access to healthcare. This is, at least in part, linked to not being able to change one’s gender marker in the identity documents, and thus not having an identity document that matches one’s gender identity and gender expression.

In its Assessment of Legal and Regulatory Framework for HIV, AIDS and Tuberculosis, the Health Ministry noted that “transgender persons in Botswana are unable to access identity documents that reflect their gender identity, which is a barrier to health services, including in the context of HIV. In one documented case, a transwoman’s identity card did not reflect her gender identity- her identity card photo indicated she was ‘male’. When she presented her identity card at a health facility, a health worker called the police who took her into custody.”

The necessity of a correct national identity document goes beyond healthcare. The High Court of Botswana explains that “the national identity document plays a pivotal role in every Motswana’s daily life, as it links him or her with any service they require from various institutions. Most activities in the country require every Motswana to produce their identity document, for identification purposes of receiving services.”

According to the Legal Gender Recognition in Botswana report, this effectively means that transgender, whose gender identity and expression is likely to be different from the sex assigned to them at birth and from what is recorded on their identity document, cannot access services without risk of denial or discrimination, or accusations of fraud.

In this context, gays and lesbians advocacy group LEGABIBO has called on government through the Department of Civil and National Registration to urgently implement the High Court rulings on gender marker changes. As stated by the High Court in the ND vs Attorney General of Botswana judgement, identity cards (Omang) play an important role in the life of every Motswana. Refusal and or delay to issue a Motswana with an Omang is denying them to live a complete and full-filing life with dignity and violates their privacy and freedom of expression.

The judgement clarified that persons can change their gender marker as per the National Registrations Act, so changing the gender marker is legally possible. There is no need for a court order. It further said the person’s gender is self-identified, there is no need to consult medical doctors.

LEGABIBO also called on government to develop regulations that specify administrative procedure to change one’s gender marker, and observing self-determination process. Further, the group looks out for government to ensure members of the transgender community are engaged in the development of regulations.

“We call on this Department of Civil and National Registration to ensure that the gender marker change under the National Registration Act is aligned to the Births and Deaths Registry Act to avoid court order.

Meanwhile, a gay man in Lobatse, Moabi Mokenke was recently viciously killed after being sexually violated in the streets of Peleng, shockingly by his neighbourhood folks. The youthful lad, likely to be 29-years old, met his fate on his way home, from the wearisome Di a Bowa taverns situated in the much populated township of Peleng Central.

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Khato Civils fights back, dares detractors

23rd November 2020
Khato-civil

CEO of Khato Civils Mongezi Mnyani has come out of the silence and is going all way guns blazing against the company’s adversaries who he said are hell-bent on tarnishing his company’s image and “hard-earned good name”

Speaking to WeekendPost from South Africa, Mnyani said it is now time for him to speak out or act against his detractors. Khato Civils has done several projects across Africa. Khato Civils, a construction company and its affiliate engineering company, South Zambezi have executed a number of world class projects in South Africa, Malawi and now recently here in Botswana.

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UDC petitioners turn to Saleshando

23rd November 2020
Dumelang Saleshando

About ten (10) Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) parliamentary candidates who lost the 2019 general election and petitioned results this week met with UDC Vice President, Dumelang Saleshando to discuss the way forward concerning the quandary that is the legal fees put before them by Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) lawyers.

For a while now, UDC petitioners who are facing the wrath of quizzical sheriffs have demanded audience with UDC National Executive Committee (NEC) but in vain. However after the long wait for a tete-a-tete with the UDC, the petitioners met with Saleshando accompanied by other NEC members including Dr. Kesitegile Gobotswang, Reverend Mpho Dibeela and Dennis Alexander.

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