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Opposition is the voice of the majority

Clearly, of all the fundamental gifts that God has given us, most of us are convinced that the gift of choice prominently stands out. I am reminded that Moses (to me an example of a classical leader) instructed his followers to choose life. I am truly fascinated by the fact that the gift of choice is inalienable to every rational person.

Yes, choice is power. The power to choose is so instrumental and permeates every aspect of our life. At some point during the course of our life we exercise the choice whom to marry if we so decide, when to marry, for what reason or whether not to marry. We make a choice of the type of house we would like to build and live in. We choose which restaurant to eat from.

We choose which school we would like to send our children to and why. We choose our most favourite colour. We choose to believe or not to believe that there is God. Given an opportunity, we would choose whether to work (and make a choice of the job we would do), go into business or venture into farming. Life comes down to choices, choices and choices we ultimately make with our lives.

I have chosen to do a series of articles on “The Power of Choice” and share with readers. I intend to interrogate the gift of choice as it affects us socially, politically, psychologically, emotionally, spiritually, physically, culturally, morally and in any other way. I have chosen to kick-start the series with the just ended 2014 general elections and make an in depth analysis of various variables. In so doing, I am not politically motivated nor do I seek score political points nor appeal for popular vote in any way. On the contrary, my objective is through the might of the pen, share the power of choice in as far as it relates to these elections.

Choice and Political Party Popular Vote
According to a report on 2009 General Elections, 725, 817 voters had registered. Out of this, a total of 555, 308 voted. Political party popular vote was as follows: BDP 290, 099 (53.26%), BNF 119, 509 (21.94%), BCP 104, 302 (19.15%) and Independent candidate 10464 (1.92%). BDP won 45 (79%) parliamentary seats, BNF 6 (10.5%), BCP 4 (7%) and Independent candidate got 1.

As per my calculations of the figures provided in “Daily News” dated Monday October 27, 2014 No 199 Page 4 and 5, out of the 824 000 registered voters, 665 588 cast their ballots. Out of the total number of ballots cast 24, 302 121 (45%) voted for the BDP. 137 270 (21%) voted for BCP, 206 019 (31%) voted for UDC while 20 178 (3%) voted for independent candidates.

BDP got 37/57 parliamentary seats (64.9%), BCP 3/57 (6%) and UDC got17/57 seats (45%).  No independent candidate got a parliamentary seat. A comparative analysis of 2009 and 2014 General Elections indicates a tremendous decline popular vote for BDP by 8.2% while that of BCP is on the increase.

Choice and Individual Popularity
Voting is basically a contestation of the degree of popularity measured in terms of choice of preference. I am well aware that I may be treading on dangerous waters. However, to that end, out of all the national ballots cast, Kgotla Autlwetse of BDP (Serowe North) garnered the most popular vote with 9 611 followed by Gilbert Mangole of UDC (Mochudi East) with 8 856 votes.

Mohammed Khan of UDC (Molepolole North) got 8 854. It is interesting to note that Pelonomi Venson-Moitoi of BDP (Serowe South) received the most popular votes (7833) followed by Same Makgowa Bathobakae of UDC with 6 442. Rre Moeng Pheto comes out as the most popular independent candidate (Lentsweletau/Mmopane).

Kgomotso Bigani of UDC (Nkange Constituency) got the least votes of 214. This seems to suggest that proportionally, Kgotla Autlwetse democratically appears to be the most popularly chosen leader by Batswana, followed by Mohammed Khan and Gilbert Mangole. Both Mma Pelonomi Venson-Moitoi and Same Bathobakae seem to be the most popular female leaders as chosen by Batswana.

Kgomotso Bigani appears to be the least preferred candidate by voters. I am well aware that some may argue from a different perspective. That is fine with me. However, my approach is what I term relative and proportional popularity from a constituency perspective.

According to “First-Past-the-Post” (FPP) model that Botswana currently uses, BDP emerged victorious in the just ended general elections. As the Returning Officer, on October 25th 2014 at 2:30 am the Chief Justice constitutionally pronounced Seretse Khama Ian Khama as President of the Republic of Botswana for a second term. Since his party was the first to attain 50% of votes that had been cast compared to form a new government.  According to the current democratic model, the majority have spoken. This means that BDP has been given the mandate to continue to implement its programmes and policies enshrined in its manifesto.

Nevertheless, let us hasten to recognize that 363 467 Batswana chose not to cast their votes for BDP. Precisely, they collectively chose to vote for either UDC or BCP or independent candidates to represent them in the 11th Parliament. This means that put together, those who chose not to vote for BDP are in the majority. They expressed their overwhelming discontentment and lack of confidence in BDP policies, programmes, governance, project implementation, trade and investment strategies, foreign policy and service delivery.

Can President Khama and his government hear the loud voices of these minoritized majority Batswana? What is clear though is that bo Rre Duma Boko, Ndaba Gaolathe, Mma Same Bathobakae, Rre Dithapelo Keorapetse, Rre Bagalatia Arone and the rest in the opposition camp, you are the voice of these majority of Batswana and many others who did not manage to vote.

Do your best to represent them confidently in the 11th Parliament albeit the flawed current system of representation of FPP. 363 467 Batswana (54.6%) want social, political and economic transformation from the way things are done under BDP rule. From this perspective, the minoritized majority have loudly spoken. You are their hope.

Similarly, in constituencies like Kanye North, Gaborone South, Francistown East, Bobonong, Boteti West, Francistown South, Gabane Mankgodi, Gaborone Bonnington North, Goodhope Mabule, Mochudi East to mention but a few, the wishes, aspirations and hopes of thousands of Batswana are dashed. Here I am talking about those whose power of choice is fruitless because their voices shall not be audible in the 11th Parliament.

Their wailing voices are in vain. I am deeply saddened by 3 120 Batswana whose concerns in Lentsweletau/Mmopane shall not be heard at all because their leader will not be in Parliament to articulate them. They see in Rre Moeng Pheto an influential leader whom they follow. I fight my conscience, indeed I cringe to imagine how many young people, senior citizens, teachers, nurses, students, women, men, farmers, the physically challenged and other segments of our population structures in Thamaga/Kumakwane, in Okavango, in Ngami, in Tati West and so on – are muzzled.

This is all because of the shortfall of a man-made system. What will it take to come up with a hybrid friendlier one? What is the cost of crafting one that accommodates both aspects of FPP and realistic proportional representation so as to enrich and enhance Botswana’s democracy? If the Sudanese people adapted the vote counting system to better address their challenges (I assume huge partly to a huge population), which we have adopted, what prevents us from being innovative as well?  

In conclusion Batswana have spoken. However, First-Past-The-Post system does not adequately give them a platform to express their daily concerns. As one of the thousands of voters, I appeal to those who can hear my voice to initiate remedial measures to this.

I hope in the next article we can discuss either the issue of the power of choice in relation to opposition unity or prospects of the first female Vice President of our country.

*Chabaka Sebakoa is an educationist, a gospel minister, a father, husband, poet, a social scientist and a development specialist whose research area is conflict resolution.  

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The Taiwan Question: China ramps up military exercises to rebuff US provocations

18th August 2022

US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan has violated the One-China policy, and caused the escalation of tensions across the Taiwan Strait. Experts and political observers across the spectra agree that Pelosi’s actions and subsequent pronouncements by US President Joe Biden gave impetus to an already simmering tension in the Taiwan Strait, provoking China to strengthen its legitimate hold on the Taiwan Strait waters, which the US and Taiwan deem as ‘international waters’.

Pelosi’s visit to China’s Taiwan region has been heavily criticised across the globe, with China arguing that this is a serious violation of the one-China principle and the provisions of the three China-US Joint Communiqués.  In response to this reckless move which seriously undermined China’s sovereignty, and interfered in China’s internal affairs, the expectation is for China to give a firm response. Pelosi visit violated the commitments made by the U.S. side, and seriously jeopardized peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait.

To give context to China’s position over Taiwan region, the history behind gives us perspective. It is also important to note that the history between China and Taiwan is well documented and the US has always recognized it.

The People’s Republic of China recognises Taiwan as its territory. It has always been  the case even before the Nationalist Republic of China government fled to the previously Japanese-ruled Island after losing the civil war on the mainland in 1949. According to literature that threat was contained for decades — first with a military alliance between the US and the ROC on Taiwan, and after Washington switched diplomatic recognition to the PRC in 1979 by the US One China policy, which acknowledges Beijing’s position that Taiwan is part of One China. Effectively, Taiwan’s administration was transferred to the Republic of China from Japan after the Second World War in 1945, along with the split between the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (ROC) as a consequence of the Chinese Civil War. Disregarding this history, as the US is attempting to do, will surely initiate some defence reaction on the side of China to affirm its sovereignty.

However, this history was undermined since Taiwan claimed to democratise in the 1990s and China has grown ever more belligerent. Furthermore, it is well documented that the Biden administration, following the Trump presidency, has made subtle changes in the way it deals with Taipei, such as loosening restrictions on US officials meeting Taiwanese officials – this should make China uneasy. And while the White House continues to say it does not support Taiwanese independence, Biden’s words and actions are parallel to this pledge because he has warned China that the US would intervene militarily if China attacked Taiwan – another statement that has provoked China.

Pelosi, in her private space, would know that her actions amount to provocation of China. This act of aggression by the USA seriously undermines the virtues of sovereignty and territorial integrity which has a huge potential to destabilize not only the Taiwan Strait but the whole of the Asia- Pacific region.  The Americans know very well that their provocative behavior is deliberately invoking the spirit of separatism masqueraded as “Taiwan independence”.  The US is misled to think that by supporting separatism of Taiwan from China that would give them an edge over China in a geopolitics. This is what one Chinese diplomat said this week: “The critical point is if every country put their One-China policy into practice with sincerity, with no compromise, is going to guarantee the peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait.”  Therefore, it was in the wake of US House speaker Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan, that China, in a natural response revealed plans for unprecedented military exercises near the island, prompting fears of a crisis in the Taiwan Strait and the entire Asia-Pacific region. The world community must promote and foster peace, this may be achieved when international laws are respected. It may also happen when nations respect the sovereignty of another. China may be in a better space because it is well capacitated to stake its territorial integrity, what about a small nation, if this happens to it?

As to why military exercises by Beijing; it is an expected response because China was provoked by the actions of Pelosi. To fortify this position, Chinese President, Xi signed a legal basis for China’s People’s Liberation Army to “safeguard China’s national sovereignty, security and development interests”. The legal basis will also allow military missions around disaster relief, humanitarian aid and peacekeeping. In addition the legal changes would allow troops to “prevent spillover effects of regional instabilities from affecting China, secure vital transport routes for strategic materials like oil, or safeguard China’s overseas investments, projects and personnel.  It then follows that President Xi’s administration cannot afford to look weak under a US provocation. President Xi must protector China’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, of which Taiwan is a central part.” Beijing is very clear on One-China Policy, and expects all world players to recognize and respect it.

The People’s Liberation Army has made it clear that it has firepower that covers all of Taiwan, and it can strike wherever it wants. This sentiments have been attributed to Zhang Junshe, a researcher at the PLA Navy Research Institute. Zheng further said, “We got really close to Taiwan. We encircled Taiwan. And we demonstrated that we can effectively stop intervention by foreign forces.” This is a strong reaction from China to warn the US against provocation and violation of the One-China Policy.

Beijing’s military exercises will certainly shake Taiwan’s confidence in the sources of its economic and political survival. The potential for an effective blockade threatens the air and shipping routes that support Taiwan’s central role in global technology supply chains. Should a humanitarian situation arise in Taiwan, the blame would squarely be on the US.

As China’s military exercises along the Taiwan Strait progress and grow, it remains that the decision by Nancy Pelosi to visit China’s Taiwan region gravely undermined peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait, and sent a wrong signal to “Taiwan independence” separatist forces. This then speaks to international conventions, as the UN Secretary-General António Guterres explicitly stressed that the UN remains committed to the UN General Assembly Resolution 2758. The centerpiece is the one-China principle, namely, there is but one China in the world, the government of the People’s Republic of China is the sole legal government representing the whole of China, and Taiwan is a part of China. It must be noted that the US and the US-led NATO countries have selectively applied international law, this has been going on unabated. There is a plethora of actions that have collapsed several states after they were attacked under the pretext of the so-called possession of weapons of mass destruction illuminating them as threats – and sometimes even without any valid reason. to blatantly launch military strikes and even unleash wars on sovereign countrie

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Internal party-democracy under pressure

21st June 2022

British novelist, W. Somerset Maugham once opined: “If a nation values anything more than freedom, it will lose its freedom; and the irony of it is that if it is comfort or money that it values more, it will lose that too.”

The truism in these words cannot be underestimated, especially when contextualizing against the political developments in Botswana. We have become a nation that does not value democracy, yet nothing represent freedom more than democracy. In fact, we desire, and value winning power or clinging to power more than anything else, even if it harms the democratic credentials of our political institutions. This is happening across political parties — ruling and opposition.

As far as democracy is concerned, we are regressing. We are becoming worse-off than we were in the past. If not arrested, Botswana will lose its status as among few democratic nations in the Africa. Ironically, Botswana was the first country in Africa to embrace democracy, and has held elections every five years without fail since independence.

We were once viewed as the shining example of Africa. Those accolades are not worth it any more. Young democracies such as South Africa, with strong institutions, deserves to be exalted. Botswana has lost faith in democracy, and we will pay a price for it. It is a slippery slope to dictatorship, which will bring among other excess, assault on civil liberties and human rights violations.

Former President, Festus Mogae once stated that Botswana’s democracy will only become authentic, when a different party, other than the Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) wins elections, and when the President of such party is not from Serowe.

Although many may not publicly care to admit, Mogae’s assertion is true. BDP has over the years projected itself as a dyed-in-the-wool proponent of democracy, but the moment its stay in power became threatened and uncertain, it started behaving in a manner that is at variance with democratic values.  This has been happening over the years now, and the situation is getting worse by the day.

Recently, the BDP party leadership has been preaching compromise and consensus candidates for 2024 general elections. Essentially, the leadership has lost faith in the Bulela Ditswe dispensation, which has been used to selected party candidates for council and parliament since 2003. The leadership is discouraging democracy because they believe primary elections threaten party unity. It is a strange assertion indeed.

Bulela Ditswe was an enrichment of internal party democracy in the sense that it replaced the previous method of selection of candidates known as Committee of 18, in which a branch committee made of 18 people endorsed the representatives. While it is true that political contest can divide, the ruling party should be investing in political education and strengthening in its primary elections processes. Democracy does not come cheap or easy, but it is valuable.

Any unity that we desire so much at the expense of democracy is not true unity. Like W. Somerset Maugham said, democracy would be lost in the process, and ultimately, even the unity that was desired would eventually be lost too. Any solution that sacrifice democracy would not bring any results in the long run, except misery.

We have seen that also in opposition ranks. The Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) recently indicated that its incumbent Members of Parliament (MPs) should not be challenged for their seats. While BDP is sacrificing democracy to stay in power, UDC is sacrificing democracy to win power. It is a scary reality given the fact that both parties – ruling and opposition — have embraced this position and believe democracy is the hindrance to their political ambitions.

These current reality points to one thing; our political parties have lost faith in democracy. They desire power more than, the purpose of power itself. It is also a crisis of leadership across the political divide, where we have seen dissenting views being met with persecution. We have seen perverting of political process endorsed by those in echelons of power to manipulate political outcomes in their favour.

Democracy should not be optional, it should be mandatory. Any leader proposing curtailing of democracy should be viewed with suspicion, and his adventures should be rejected before it is too late. Members of political parties, as subscribers of democracy, should collectively rise to the occasion to save their democracy from self-interest that is becoming prevalent among Botswana political parties.

The so-called compromise candidates, only benefits the leadership because it creates comforts for them. But for members, and for the nation, it is causing damage by reversing the gains that have been made over the years. We should reject leaders who only preach democracy in word, but are hesitant to practice it.

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The Big Deal About Piracy

21st June 2022

Piracy of all kinds continues to have a massive impact on the global creative industry and the economies of the countries where it thrives.

One of the biggest misconceptions around piracy is that an individual consumer’s piracy activities, especially in a market the size of Botswana’s, is only a drop in the pool of potential losses to the different sectors of the economy piracy affects.

When someone sitting in Gaborone, Botswana logs onto an illegal site to download King Richard online, they don’t imagine that their one download will do anything to the production house’s pocket or make a dent in the actors’ net worth. At best, the sensitivity towards this illegal pirating activity likely only exists when contemplating going about pirating a local musician’s music or a short film produced locally.

The ripple effects of piracy at whatever scale reach far beyond what the average consumer could ever imagine. Figures released by software security and media technology company, Irdeto, show that users in five major African territories made approximately 17,4 million total visits to the top 10 identified piracy sites on the internet.

The economic impact of this on the creative industry alone soars to between 40 and 97.1 billion dollars, according a 2022 Dataprot study. In addition, they estimate that “illegally streamed copyrighted content consumes 24% of global bandwidth”.

As Botswana’s creative industry remains relatively slight on the scale of comparison to industries such as Nollywood and Nilewood where the creative industry contributes a huge proportion to West and East Africa’s respective GDPs, that does not imply that piracy activities in Botswana do not have a similar impact on our economy and the ability of our creative industry to grow.

When individuals make decisions to illegally consume content via internet streaming sites they believe they are saving money for themselves in the name of enjoying content they desire to consume. Although this is a personal choice that remains the prerogative of the consumer, looking beyond the fact that streaming on illegal content sites is piracy, the ripple effect of this decision also has an endless trail of impact where funds which could be used to grow the local creative industry through increased consumption, and revenue which would otherwise be fed back into Botswana’s economy are being diverted.

“Why can’t our local creative industry grow?” “Why don’t we see more home-grown films and shows in Botswana?” are questions constantly posed by those who consume television content in Botswana. The answer to this lies largely in the fact that Botswana’s local content needs an audience in order for it to grow. It needs support from government and entities which are in a position to fund and help the industry scale greater heights.

Any organisational body willing to support and grow the local creative industry needs to exist and operate in an economy which can support its mandates. Content piracy is a cycle that can only be alleviated when consumers make wiser decisions around what they consume and how.

This goes beyond eradicating piracy activities in so far as television content is concerned. This extends to the importation and trade in counterfeit goods, resale of goods and services not intended for resale across the border, outside its jurisdiction, and more. All of these activities stunt the growth of an economy and make it nearly impossible for industries and sectors to propel themselves to places where they can positively impact society and reinvest into the country’s economy.

So what can be done to turn the tide here in Botswana in order to see our local production houses gain the momentum required to produce more, license more and expand their horizons? While those who enforce the law continue to work towards minimizing piracy activities, it’s imperative that as consumers we work to make their efforts easier by being mindful of how our individual actions play a role in preventing the success of our local creative networks and our economy’s growth.

Whether you are pirating a Hollywood Blockbuster, illegally streaming a popular Motswana artist’s music, or smuggling in an illegal decoder to view content restricted to South Africa only, your actions have an impact on how we as a nation will make our mark on the global landscape with local creative productions. Thembi Legwaila is Corporate Affairs Manager, MultiChoice Botswana

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