100-bed treatment center in Liberia 60 ambulances, 100 motorcycles… 480 medical staff from the PLA US$ 6 m donation to UN Ebola Response
The Ebola epidemic has now become the most severe public health crisis to the international community in modern history, which not only threatens the lives and health of people in the epidemic-afflicted countries, but also poses a practical threat to world peace and stability.
In assisting Africa in the fight against Ebola, on October 24 in 2014, when meeting President Kikwete of Tanzania, Chinese President Xi Jinping announced the forth round of assistance measures totaling 500 million RMB on behalf of the Chinese government, which includes:
A 100-bed treatment center in Liberia, which will be managed and operated by the elite squad of the People's Liberation Army of China (PLA) who has the experience of fighting SARS. The center, which will be the only treatment center in the three epidemic-stricken countries up to now that is constructed, staffed and operated by a foreign country is expected to be put into use within 30 days;
480 medical staff from the PLA will be dispatched to Liberia in three batches, each consisting 160 people, to treat local Ebola patients;
60 ambulances, 100 motorcycles, 10,000 health-care kits, 150,000 personal protection equipment and other materials such as hospital beds, pick-up trucks, and incinerators, etc.
6 million US$ cash donation to the UN Ebola Response Multi-partner Trust Fund;
Public health experts consultancy teams and more public health personnel will be sent to help with and participate in epidemic prevention and control.
As a matter of fact, China had already sent three batches of emergency assistance to Western African countries to fight Ebola in April, August and September worth of around 250 million RMB in total. Up to now, China's total assistance to Africa has reached 750 million RMB, covering 13 African countries as well as international and regional organizations such as the UN, the WHO and the AU.
There are nearly 200 medical staff in the region at present and with the addition of the fourth batch of assistance, the experts and medical staff sent by China to the region will surpass 700.
China took the lead of assisting the epidemic-stricken countries in their fight against the Ebola disease when the international community had not paid enough attention, and escalated its assistance as situation requires. And, as long as the Ebola epidemic is not eradicated in West Africa, China's assistance will not stop.
All these demonstrates that China is a responsible big power and the nature of China-Africa relations featuring "the sharing of weal and woe". It has also reflected China's concept on China-Africa cooperation featuring "sincerity, real results, affinity, and trust-worthiness" through its real action.
Currently, the Ebola epidemic in West Africa is far from being under control and poses a real threat to the people of the epidemic stricken countries and the whole world. Thus, the fight against Ebola is not only the responsibility of those epidemic-hit countries, but also an obligation of the whole international community.
China strongly urges the international community, the developed countries in particular, to take urgent measures, to enhance communication and coordination, and to support the leading and coordinating role of the UN and the WHO to make the assistance more effective and targeted with greater synergy so that we can win the final victory in the joint fight against Ebola.
An international report complied in South Africa dubbed ‘Legal Gender Recognition in Botswana’ says that the transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana live a miserable life. The community experiences higher levels of discrimination, violence and ill health.
In this report, it has been indicated that this is because their gender identity, which does not conform to narrowly define societal norms, renders them more vulnerable. Gender identity is a social determinant of health, which means that it is a factor that influences people’s health via their social context, their communities and their experiences of social exclusion. The Ministry of Health and Wellness has recognized this, and transgender people are considered a vulnerable population under the Botswana Second National Strategic Framework for HIV and AIDS 2010-2017.
In a recent study that shed light on the lived experiences of transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana, transgender persons often experience discrimination because of their gender identity and expression. The study was conducted by the University of Cape Town, LEGABIBO, BONELA, as well as Rainbow Identity Association and approved by the Health Ministry as well as the University of Botswana.
Of the 77 transgender and gender non-conforming people who participated in the study, less than half were employed. Two thirds, which is approximately 67% said that they did not have sufficient funds to cover their everyday needs. Two in five had hidden health concerns from their healthcare provider because they were afraid to disclose their gender identity.
More than half said that because of their gender identity, they had been treated disrespectfully at a healthcare facility (55%), almost half (46%) said they had been insulted at a healthcare facility, and one quarter (25%) had been denied healthcare because of their gender identity.
At the same time, the ‘Are we doing right’ study suggests that transgender and non-conforming people might be at higher risks of experiencing violence and mental ill-health, compared to the general population. More than half had experienced verbal embarrassment because of their gender identity, 48% had experienced physical violence and more than one third (38%) had experienced sexual violence.
The study showed that mental health concerns were high among transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana. Half of the transgender and gender non-conforming study participants (53%) showed signs of depression. Between one in four and one in six showed signs of moderate or severe anxiety (22% among transgender women, 24% among transgender men and 17% among gender non-conforming people).
Further, the study revealed that many had attempted suicide: one in three transgender women (32%), more than one in three transgender men (35%) and three in five gender non-conforming people (61%).
International research, as well as research from Botswana, suggests that not being able to change one’s gender marker has a negative impact on access to healthcare and mental health and wellbeing. The study further showed that one in four transgender people in Botswana (25%) had been denied access to healthcare. This is, at least in part, linked to not being able to change one’s gender marker in the identity documents, and thus not having an identity document that matches one’s gender identity and gender expression.
In its Assessment of Legal and Regulatory Framework for HIV, AIDS and Tuberculosis, the Health Ministry noted that “transgender persons in Botswana are unable to access identity documents that reflect their gender identity, which is a barrier to health services, including in the context of HIV. In one documented case, a transwoman’s identity card did not reflect her gender identity- her identity card photo indicated she was ‘male’. When she presented her identity card at a health facility, a health worker called the police who took her into custody.”
The necessity of a correct national identity document goes beyond healthcare. The High Court of Botswana explains that “the national identity document plays a pivotal role in every Motswana’s daily life, as it links him or her with any service they require from various institutions. Most activities in the country require every Motswana to produce their identity document, for identification purposes of receiving services.”
According to the Legal Gender Recognition in Botswana report, this effectively means that transgender, whose gender identity and expression is likely to be different from the sex assigned to them at birth and from what is recorded on their identity document, cannot access services without risk of denial or discrimination, or accusations of fraud.
In this context, gays and lesbians advocacy group LEGABIBO has called on government through the Department of Civil and National Registration to urgently implement the High Court rulings on gender marker changes. As stated by the High Court in the ND vs Attorney General of Botswana judgement, identity cards (Omang) play an important role in the life of every Motswana. Refusal and or delay to issue a Motswana with an Omang is denying them to live a complete and full-filing life with dignity and violates their privacy and freedom of expression.
The judgement clarified that persons can change their gender marker as per the National Registrations Act, so changing the gender marker is legally possible. There is no need for a court order. It further said the person’s gender is self-identified, there is no need to consult medical doctors.
LEGABIBO also called on government to develop regulations that specify administrative procedure to change one’s gender marker, and observing self-determination process. Further, the group looks out for government to ensure members of the transgender community are engaged in the development of regulations.
“We call on this Department of Civil and National Registration to ensure that the gender marker change under the National Registration Act is aligned to the Births and Deaths Registry Act to avoid court order.
Meanwhile, a gay man in Lobatse, Moabi Mokenke was recently viciously killed after being sexually violated in the streets of Peleng, shockingly by his neighbourhood folks. The youthful lad, likely to be 29-years old, met his fate on his way home, from the wearisome Di a Bowa taverns situated in the much populated township of Peleng Central.
CEO of Khato Civils Mongezi Mnyani has come out of the silence and is going all way guns blazing against the company’s adversaries who he said are hell-bent on tarnishing his company’s image and “hard-earned good name”
Speaking to WeekendPost from South Africa, Mnyani said it is now time for him to speak out or act against his detractors. Khato Civils has done several projects across Africa. Khato Civils, a construction company and its affiliate engineering company, South Zambezi have executed a number of world class projects in South Africa, Malawi and now recently here in Botswana.
About ten (10) Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) parliamentary candidates who lost the 2019 general election and petitioned results this week met with UDC Vice President, Dumelang Saleshando to discuss the way forward concerning the quandary that is the legal fees put before them by Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) lawyers.
For a while now, UDC petitioners who are facing the wrath of quizzical sheriffs have demanded audience with UDC National Executive Committee (NEC) but in vain. However after the long wait for a tete-a-tete with the UDC, the petitioners met with Saleshando accompanied by other NEC members including Dr. Kesitegile Gobotswang, Reverend Mpho Dibeela and Dennis Alexander.