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SoNA 2014: a Youth Development perspective

After a few weeks of uncertainty the 2014 State of the Nation Address (SoNA) has been delivered. This time around it was delayed by a legal battle over National Assembly standing orders on the type of election method to be used. This battle did not only delay parliament business it also drained public revenue. Nonetheless, it has strengthened democracy and reaffirmed the independence of our judicial system. This legal battle unconsciously created an admirable level of democratic and legal consciousness among our traditionally passive nation. 

I’m a staunch enthusiast of active citizen participation founded on the ideals of great leaders such as; Thomas Sankara (MHSRIP), Nelson Mandela (MHSRIP), Gomolemo Motswaledi (MHSRIP) and other likeminded African leaders. History teaches us that active citizen participation is a fundamental ingredient for sustainable national development and prosperity. 

For me, the recent level of public consciousness witnessed and over-heard in shopping queues, social media, public transport, and print as well as broadcast media, was a sign of an evolving democracy and governance going forward.  After the applicants exhausted their legal options to the fullest, due parliamentary process took place. The Speaker and Deputy Speaker were elected, Vice President was endorsed and,  the rest is history.

This process paved way for the long awaited and desired parliamentary business; thus 2014 SoNA was finally delivered. Normally I do not look forward to SONA nor follow its deliberations. Simply because I believe (SoNA) is an over rated exercise with little and sometimes no significant impact on the daily troubles of our people, especially the youth. However, for the first time in a few years I looked forward to this year’s address and I followed its deliberations fully.

Based on the most recent socio-political developments in our country; voters have sent an immensely strong warning to the governors of republic. Hence, I anticipated a revolutionary, inspirational address, unambiguously covering all acute issues terrorizing our citizenry. Clearly, my assumption was wrong. Surprisingly despite contemporary political developments, SoNA maintained its convectional rhetoric and glossy depiction. Nonetheless it was really refreshing to listen to a ‘milk and honey’ version of my country; a flourishing country with tremendous achievements and very few shortfalls here and there.

Youth Development component:

According to international and best practice standards SoNA has never been and will never be the ideal platform to quantity the level and prospects of Youth Development in any country. It is on this understanding that youth development institutions and advocates across the globe advocate for a State of the Youth Address (SoYA) to measure and project youth development.

In the absence of SoYA, SoNA remains our only national tool for youth development analysis and update. Like most (if not all) pro-youth compatriots and intuitions the following sections of the address grabbed most of my attention: Economic Outlook, Employment, Citizen Empowerment, Land, Agriculture, Tourism, Social Protection, Poverty Eradication, Education and, Health.

These sections are central to most youth challenges and aspirations in our republic and elsewhere.  Good news is; SoNA ‘mentioned’ most of these issues. It ‘mentioned’; youth unemployment, limited access to land, declining education standards, poverty, SMMEs development, economic diversification and other ‘conveniently’ cited socio-economic challenges inherently and otherwise associated with young citizens.

Nonetheless, SoNA was regrettably silent on several contemporary youth development challenges such as; ratification of the National Youth Charter (AYC) and the SADC Gender Protocol, skilled and unskilled labour exploitation, regulating the employment/recruitment work experience requirements,  youth social exclusion and injustice, curriculum review plus sustainable tertiary education funding prospects and, assurance that our fellow brothers and sisters will one day commence their studies at BUIST.

As acknowledged above, the address did fairly well in mentioning most customary youth development challenges. But, the same cannot be said regarding its solutions and interventions to the ‘conveniently’ cited youth development challenges. In most instances the address does not go beyond merely citing the challenges. In the few instances it modestly attempts to give practical solutions, it either recites tried and unsuccessful models such as the famous; Economic Diversification Drive (EDD) or it tactically provides ambiguous statements of intent that do not in any way bring clarity or hope.


Before stating socio-economic expectations we must recall, Botswana is a developing country with a middle income status as per the World Bank rankings. However, despite her outstanding economic growth largely from diamond revenue, she is faced with disheartening economic development challenges.

These challenges include but not limited to; poverty, unemployment, inequality, exclusion and an undiversified economy. Based on the ‘youth bulge’ phenomenon, these economic development hardships affect young people more than any other cohort in our mineral based economy. Over the years Botswana has developed a wide range of policies to mediate this reality.

These include but not limited to; EDD, Tirelo Sechaba (TS), National Internship Program (NIP), Back to School, Young Farmers Fund (YFF), Youth Development Fund (YDF) and many other parallel initiatives. Regrettably, myriad empirically findings show that such interventions are not effectively helping the youth in any way. For instance; Unemployment still remains around 20% since 2007, our Gini Index remains in excess of 0.64 one of the highest in the world, a fifth of our people live below the poverty line while underemployment and labour exploitation are the order of the day.


Reputable institution and practitioners argue strongly that our national polices and interventions are outdated and misplaced while equally reputable institutions argue that our policy drivers and implementers are the biggest obstacle to meaningful economic development. I’m of the view that it is a combination of these perspectives that is holding Botswana and Batswana back. Esteemed institutions and practitioners continue to earnestly and tirelessly provide government with best practice approaches for effective, sustainable and equitable socio-economic development.

I confidently attest to this, I have followed their recommendations in various reports, official frameworks and academic publications. I have also listened to most of them theoretically and practical narrate their recommendations in countless policy and research gatherings. Ultimately, it is up to the governors of our country to take note of these valuable submissions and effect necessary change in our country, especially for the youth.

Our governors must be constantly and consistently reminded, the price of neglecting youth is measured in terms of depletion of human and social capital; loss of opportunities for economic growth, which increases as this cohort ages without gaining experience in the workforce; more difficult to quantify are the costs of societal instability and endemic as well as generational conflicts.  In this regard O.R. Tambo warned that “a nation that does not take care of its youth does not have a future and does not deserve one.".

I’m just a mere unemployed graduate yearning for a more prosperous and equitable Botswana, I don’t have much to offer fellow countrymen except to continue echoing the words of these esteemed institutions and practitioners with hope. Hope that, one day every citizen will actualize a life of opportunities, rendered by a flourishing, diversified and resilient economy that provides meaningful jobs.


* Taziba is Youth Advocate & Researcher with keen interest in Youth Policy, Civic Engagement, Social Inclusion and Capacity Building (7189 0354/gtaziba@yahoo.co.uk)

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Botswana to Become a Vaccinated Nation: Pandemic Anxiety Over?

30th March 2021

OSCAR MOTSUMI

This is a question that should seriously exercise the mind of every Botswana citizen and every science researcher, every health worker and every political leader political.

The Covid-19 currently defines our lives and poses a direct threat to every aspect and every part of national safety, security and general well-being. This disease has become a normative part of human life throughout the world.

The first part of the struggle against the murderous depredation of this disease was to protect personal life through restrictive health injunctions and protocols; the worst possibly being human isolation and masks that hid our sorrows and lamentations through thin veils. We suffered that humiliation with grace and I believe as a nation we did a great job.

Now the vaccines are here, ushering us into the second phase of this war against the plague; and we are asking ourselves, is this science-driven fight against Covid-19 spell the end of pandemic anxiety? Is the health nightmare coming to an end? What happy lives lie ahead? Is this the time for celebration or caution? As the Non State Actors, we have being struggling with these questions for months.

We have published our thoughts and feelings, and our research reviews and thorough reading of both the local and international impacts of this rampaging viral invasion in local newspapers and social media platforms.

More significantly, we have successfully organised workshops about the impact of the pandemic on society and the economy and the last workshop invited a panel of health experts, professionals, and public administers to advance this social dialogue as part of our commitment to the tripartite engagement we enjoy working with Government of Botswana, Civil Society and Development partners. These workshops are virtual and open to all Batswana, foreign diplomatic missions based in Gaborone, UN agencies located in Gaborone and international academic researchers and professional health experts and specialists.

The mark of Covid-19 on our nation is a painful one, a tragedy shared by the entire human race, but still a contextually painful experience. Our response is fraught with grave difficulties; limited resources, limited time, and the urgency to not only save lives but also avert economic ruin and a bleak future for all who survive. Several vaccines are already in the  market.

Parts of the world are already doing the best they can to trunk the pestilential march of this disease by rolling out mass-vaccinations campaigns that promise to evict this health menace and nightmare from their public lives. Botswana, like much of Africa, is still up in the disreputable, and, unenviable, preventative social melee of masked interactions, metered distances, contactless commerce.

We remain very much at the mercy of a marauding virus that daily runs amuck with earth shattering implications for the economy and human lives. And the battle against both infections and transmissions is proving to be difficult, in terms of finance, institutional capacities and resource mobilization. How are we prepared as government, and as citizens, to embrace the impending mass-vaccinations? What are the chances of us  succeeding at this last-ditch effort to defeat the virus? What are the most pressing obstacles?

Does the work of vaccines spell an end to the pandemic anxieties?

Our panellists addressed the current state of mass-vaccination preparedness at the Botswana national level. What resources are available? What are the financial, institutional and administrative operational challenges (costs and supply chains, delivery, distribution, administering the vaccine on time, surveillance and security of vaccines?) What is being done to overcome them, or what can be done to overcome them? What do public assessments of preparedness tell us at the local community levels? How strong is the political will and direction? How long can we expect the whole exercise to last? At what point should we start seeing tangible results of the mass-vaccination campaign?

They also addressed the challenges of the anticipated emerging Vaccinated Society. How to fight the myths of vaccines and the superstitions about histories of human immunizations? What exactly is being done to grow robust local confidence in the science of vaccinations and the vaccines themselves? More significantly, how to square these campaigns vis-vis personal rights, moral/religious obligations?

What messages are being sent out in these regards and how are Batswana responding? What about issues of justice and equality? Will we get the necessary vaccines to everyone who wants them? What is being done to ensure no deserving person is left behind?

They also addressed issues of health data. To accomplish this mass-vaccination campaign and do everything right we need accurate and complete data. Poor data already makes it very hard to just cope with the disease. What is being done to improve data for the mass-vaccination campaign? How is this data being collected, aggregated and prepared for real life situation/applications throughout Botswana in the coming campaign?

We know in America, for example, general reporting and treatment of health data at the beginning of vaccinations was so poor, so chaotic and so scattered mainstream newspapers like The Atlantic, Washington Post and the New York Times had to step in, working very closely with civil society organizations, to rescue the situation. What data-related issues are still problematic in Botswana?

To be specific, what kind of Covid-19 data is being taken now to ready the whole country for an effective and efficient mass-vaccination program?

Batswana must be made aware that the  end part of vaccination will just mark the beginning of a long journey to health recovery and national redemption; that in many ways Covid-19 vaccination is just another step toward the many efforts in abeyance to fight this health pandemic, the road ahead is still long and painful.

For this purpose, and to highlight the significance of this observation we tasked our panellists with  the arduous imperative of  analysing the impact of mass-vaccination on society and the economy alongside the pressing issues of post-Covid-19 national health surveillance and rehabilitation programs.

Research suggests the aftermath of Covid-19 vaccination is going to be just as difficult and uncertain world as the present reality in many ways, and that caution should prevail over celebration, at least for a long time. The disease itself is projected to linger around for some time after all these mass-vaccination campaigns unless an effort is made to vaccinate everyone to the last reported case, every nation succeeds beyond herd immunity, and cure is found for Covid-19 disease. Many people are going to continue in need of medications, psychological and psychiatric services and therapy.

Is Botswana ready for this long holdout? If not, what path should we take going into the future? The Second concern is , are we going to have a single, trusted national agency charged with the  mandate to set standards for our national health data system, now that we know how real bad pandemics can be, and the value of data in quickly responding to them and mitigating impact? Finally, what is being done to curate a short history of this pandemic? A national museum of health and medicine or a Public Health Institute  in Botswana is overdue.

If we are to create strong sets of data policies and data quality standards for fighting future health pandemics it is critical that they find ideological and moral foundations in the artistic imagery and photography of the present human experience…context is essential to fighting such diseases, and to be prepared we must learn from every tragic health incident.

Our panellists answered most of these questions with distinguished intellectual clarity. We wish Batswana to join us in our second Mass-vaccination workshop.

*Oscar Motsumi: Email:oscar.motsumi@gmail.com

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The women you see in the news matter. Here’s why

9th March 2021
Jane Godia

Jane Godia

Today is International Women’s Day – it’s a moment to think about how much better our news diet could be if inequities were eliminated. In 1995, when the curtains fell in one of the largest meetings that have ever brought women together to discuss women in development, it was noted that women and media remain key to development.

Twenty-six years later, the relevant “Article J” of the Beijing Platform for Action, remains unfulfilled. Its two strategic objectives with regard to Women and Media have not been met. They are
Increase the participation and access of women to expression and decision-making in and through the media and new technologies of communication

Promote a balanced and non-stereotyped portrayal of women in the media.

Today, as we mark International Women’s Day, it’s an indictment on both media owners and civil society that women remain on the periphery of news-making. They cannot claim equal space in either the structures of newsrooms or in the content produced, be that as sources of news or as the subjects of reports. Indeed, the latest figures from WAN-IFRA’s Women in News Programme show just one in five voices in news belong to women*, be they as sources, as the author or as the main character of the news report.

Some progress was evident several years back, with stand-out women being named as chief executive officers, editors in chief, managing editors and executive editors. But these gains appear short lived in most media organisations. Excitement has turned to frustration as one-step forward has been replaced with three steps backwards. In Africa, the problem is acute. The decision-making tables of media organisations remain deprived of women and where there are women, they are surrounded by men.

Few women have followed in the footsteps of Esther Kamweru, the first woman managing editor in Kenya, and indeed sub-Saharan Africa. Today’s standout women editors include Pamela Makotsi-Sittoni (Nation Media Group, Kenya), Barbara Kaija (New Vision, Uganda), Mary Mbewe (Daily Nation, Zambia), Margaret Vuchiri (The Monitor, Uganda), Joyce Shebe (Clouds, Tanzania), Tryphinah Dongwana (Weekend Post, Botswana), Joyce Mhaville (Independent Television -ITV, Tanzania) and Tuma Abdallah (Standard Newspapers,Tanzania). But they remain an exception.

The lack of balance between women and men at the table of decision making has a rollback effect on the content that is produced. A table dominated by men typically makes decisions that benefit men.

So today, International Women’s Day is a grim reminder that things are not rosy in the news business. Achieving gender balance in news and in the structure of media organisations remains a challenge. Unmet, it sees more than half of the population in our countries suffer the consequences of bias, discrimination and sexism.

The business of ignoring the other half of the population can no longer be treated as normal. It’s time that media leaders grasp the challenge, not only because it is the right thing to do, but because it also makes a whole lot of business sense: start covering women, give them space and a voice in news-making and propel them to all levels of decision making within your organisation.

We can no longer afford to imagine that it’s only men who make and sell the news and bring in the shillings to fund the media business. Women too are worthy newsmakers. In all of our societies, there are women holding decision making positions and who are now experts in once male-only domains such as engineers, doctors, scientists and researchers.

They can be deliberately picked out to share their perspectives and expertise and bring balance to the profile of experts quoted on our news pages. Media is the prism through which society sees itself and women are an untapped audience. So, as we celebrate International Women’s Day, let us embrace diversity, which yields better news content and business products, and in so doing eliminate sexism. We know that actions and attitudes that discriminate against people based on their gender is bad for business.

As media, the challenge is ours. We need to consciously embrace and reach the commitments made 26 years ago when the Beijing Platform for Action was signed globally. As the news consuming public, you have a role to play too. Hold your news organization to account and make sure they deliver balanced news that reflects the voices of all of society.

Jane Godia is a gender development and media expert who serves as the Africa Director of Women in News programme.  
WOMEN IN NEWS is WAN-IFRA’s ground-breaking programme to increase women’s leadership and voices in the news. It does so by equipping women journalists and editors with the skills, strategies, and support networks to take on greater leadership positions within their media. www.womeninnews.org

Jane Godia, Director, Africa, Women in News

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Why is the media so afraid to talk about sexual harassment?

9th March 2021

MELANIE WALKER

The eve of International Women’s Day presents an opportunity for us to think about gender equality and the long and often frustrating march toward societies that are truly equal.

As media, we are uniquely placed to drive forward this reflection and discussion. But while focusing on the challenges of gender in society, we owe it to our staff and the communities we serve to also take a hard look at the obstacles within our own organisations.

I’m talking specifically about the scourge of sexual harassment. It’s likely to have happened in your newsroom. It has likely happened to a member of your team. It happens to all genders but is disproportionately directed at women. It happens in every industry, regardless of country, culture or context. This is because sexual harassment is driven by power, not sex. Wherever you have imbalances in power, you have individuals who are at risk of sexual harassment, and those who abuse this power.

I’ve been sexually harassed. The many journalists and editors, friends and family members who I have spoken to over the years on this subject have also been harassed. Yet it is still hard for leaders to recognize that this could be happening within their newsrooms and boardrooms. Why does it continue to be such a taboo?

Counting the cost of sexual harassment

Sexual harassment is, simply put, bad for business. It can harm your corporate reputation. It is a drain on the productivity of staff and managers. Maintaining and building trust in your brand is an absolute imperative for media organisations globally. If and when a case gets out of control or is badly handled – this can directly impact your bottom line.

It is for this reason that WAN-IFRA Women in News has put eliminating sexual harassment as a top priority in our work around gender equality in the media sector. This might seem at odds with the current climate where social interactions are fewer and remote work scenarios are in place in many newsrooms and businesses. But one only needs to tune into the news to know that the abuse of power, manifested as verbal, physical or online harassment, is alive and well.

Preliminary results from an ongoing Women in News research study into the issue of sexual harassment polling hundreds of journalists in Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia indicate that more than 1 in 3 women media professionals have been physically harassed, and just under 50% have been verbally harassed. Just over 15% of men in African newsrooms reported being physically harassed, and slightly less than 1 in 4 reports being verbally harassed. The numbers for male media professionals in Southeast Asia are slightly higher than a quarter on both forms of harassment.

The first step in confronting sexual harassment is to talk about it. We need to strip away the stigma and discomfort around having open conversations about what sexual harassment is and isn’t. Media managers, it is entirely in your power to create dynamics in your own teams that are free from sexual harassment.

Publishers and CEOs, you set the organisational culture in your media company.

By being vocal in recognising that it happens everywhere, and communicating to your employees that you will not tolerate sexual harassment of any kind, you send a powerful message to your teams, and publicly. With these actions, you will help us overcome the legacy of silence around this topic, and in doing so take an important first step to create media environments that truly embrace equality.

Melanie Walker is Executive Director of Media Development of the World Association of News Publishers (WAN-IFRA). She is a creator of Women in News, WAN-IFRA’s ground-breaking programme to increase women’s leadership and voices in the news. It does so by equipping women journalists and editors with the skills, strategies, and support networks to take on greater leadership positions within their media. www.womeninnews.org

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