Former Ngwaketse West Member of Parliament, Mephato Reatile
Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) has successfully deployed its cadres across the country through the nomination of councillors’ dispensation. The Minister of Local Government and Rural development, Slumber Tsogwane increased the number of nominated councillors to 119 this term.
A number of ruling party members who lost in the just ended general elections and in the 2013 party primary elections have been given a new lease of life but with a strong mandate this time. It is understood that the deployed nominated councillors should work on ensuring that the party regains its presence in areas where it lost ground.
Indications are that some of the nominated councillors did not even apply to the District Commissioner’s office. They were handpicked and re-deployed countrywide.
This week Tsogwane presented amendments to Statutory Instruments provisions that will allow him to increase representation of nominated councillors. This move will see an increase in number of nominated councillors in Sowa Town Council, Ghanzi District Council, Francistown Town Council and Gaborone City Council.
Leader of the Opposition (LOO) Duma Boko scorned the system in his response to President Ian Khama’s State of the Nation Address saying once again the dispensation is used to award proven failures and rejects of the electoral process. “It (BDP) has used this dispensation to dilute and undermine the outcome of the recent elections,” he said, ‘I must record the indignant rage felt by us in the opposition and indeed the scornful resentment all reasonable citizens feel at this disgraceful conduct.”
This publication has it on good authority that the appointments are a pre-thought ‘political deployment’ that will help ensure that the ruling BDP increases its presence in certain constituencies to enhance its chances in the next general elections.
Mephato Reatile, Oliphant Mfa, Sylviah Muzila, Kagiso Ntime, Reaboka Mbulawa, Mpho Moruakgomo, Alec Seametso, Andy Boatile, Peter Ngoma and MacDonald Peloetletse appear to be some of the nominees in Tsogwane’s list.
Mephato Reatile recently lost Jwaneng-Mabutsane to Shawn Nthaile of Umbrella for Democratic (UDC) a constituency which BDP could win back in the next general elections.
Mfa, the former Assistant Minister of Local Government will be deployed to Sowa Township Council. Mfa lost his parliamentary seat in 2009, after losing the 2008 BDP primary elections for Nata-Gweta to Ryner Makosha. Mfa has made several efforts to make a comeback to the legislative house but on all occasion the efforts proved to be futile.
BDP also nominated the party Youth Wing chairman, Andy Boatile to serve in the Francistown City Council. Boatile has always during his leadership come in defence of BDP and President Khama. When former presidents Quiet Masire and Festus Mogae made remarks that did not sit well with the current BDP leadership, Boatile responded with strong words, warning that the two old statesmen have no business in discussing the leadership style of the BDP under Khama, pointing out that they should just stay home and enjoy ‘pension benefits.’ It is understood that Boatile is one of the youngsters who are being groomed to challenge for parliamentary seats in the next elections.
Former BNF Youth League President, Kagiso Ntime also got the nod. The controversial young politician joined BDP in 2012 and has proved to be a trusted figure within the BDP. With the opposition having done well in attracting young voters in the past elections, the likes of Ntime and Boatile are being given the opportunity to emerge as the next generation of young BDP leaders.
BDP has also given Sylviah Muzila a lifeline. Muzila was defeated by Wynter Mmolotsi of UDC in the past general elections. BDP Campaign Manager in past general elections has also been nominated. The notorious man has also previously served as a nominated councillor.
Reaboka Mbulawa who mounted one of the most expensive campaigns in the last general elections has also been nominated. Mbulawa contested and lost against Batawana royal, Kgosi Tawana Moremi II who was representing the UDC. Although BDP lost the constituency, they believe they still have the strength to retain it in the coming general elections. This is attested by the fact that, even though UDC won the constituency, the BDP won all council seats in the constituency except one.
MFA, REATILE HIT BACK AT CRITICS Asked to comment on the criticism that he is being rescued from near poverty after many years of failed comeback, former cabinet minister, Olifant Mfa hit back at his critics. He said people should know that he is a farmer of repute, “I sell just one of the cows to make a councillor’s monthly salary.
Mine is to serve the nation of Botswana. Those who are willing to appreciate reality will know that I am the founding councillor of Sowa Township and I am definitely going to make a positive input in the development agenda of that area,” he said. Mfa said he has accepted national service as directed by the party which he has served for many years. “I will continue to stand for elections as long as I am fit to render my services to Batswana and the BDP,” stressed the former Nata/Gweta MP.
Reports suggest that Mfa, who has Member of Parliament for 15 years did not apply to be nominated, but his loyalty to the party encouraged BDP leaders to deploy him to Sowa Township.
For his part, former Ngwaketse West Member of Parliament, Mephato Reatile indicated that opposition parties had also submitted their wish lists to be nominated, “I did not see or hear of a single name of BDP members in the opposition wish list, why should the BDP nominate them,” he asked. He said like any sane political party, the BDP has re-deployed its cadres for political purpose. “It is not about the money, we all the salaries at that level,” he pointed out.
Here is how one Permanent Secretary encapsulates the clear tension between democracy and bureaucracy in Botswana: “President Mokgweetsi Masisi’s Government is behaving like a state surrounded with armed forces in order to capture it or force its surrender. The situation has turned so volatile, for tomorrow is not guaranteed for us top civil servants.
These are the painful results of a personalized civil service in our view as permanent secretaries”. Although his deduction of the situation may be summed as sour grapes because he is one of the ‘victims’ of the reshuffle, he is convinced this is a perfect description of the rationale behind frequent changes and transfers characterising the current civil service.
The result of it all, he said, is that “there is too much instability at managerial and strategic levels of the civil service leading to a noticeable directionless civil service.” He continued: “Changes and transfers are inevitable in the civil service, but to a permissible scale and frequency. Think of soccer team coach who changes and transfers his entire squad every month; you know the consequences?”
The Tsunami has hit hard at critical departments and Ministries leaving a strong wave of uncertainty, many demoralised and some jobless. In traditional approaches to public administration, democracy gives the goals; and bureaucracy delivers the technical efficiency required for implementation. But the recent moves in the civil service are indicative of conflicting imperatives – the notion of separation between politicians and administrators is becoming blurred by the day.
“Look at what happened to Prisons and BDF where second in command were overlooked for outsiders, and these are the people who had sacrificially served for donkey’s years hoping for a seat at the ladder’s end. The frequency of the changes, at times affecting the same Ministry or individual also demonstrates some level of ineptitude, clumsiness and lack of foresight from those in charge,” remarked the PS who added that their view is that the transfers are not related to anything but “settling scores, creating corruption opportunities and pushing out perceived dissident and former president, Ian Khama’s alleged loyalists and most of these transfers are said to be products of intelligence detection.”
Partly blaming Khama for the mess and his unwillingness to let go, the PS dismissed Masisi for falling to the trap and failing to outgrow the destructive tiff. “Khama is here to stay and the sooner Masisi comes to terms with the fact that he (Masisi) is the state President, the better. For a President to still be making these changes and transfers signals signs of a confused man who has not yet started rolling his roadmap, if at all it was ever there. I am saying this because any roadmap comes with key players and policies,” he concluded.
The Ministry of Health and Wellness seems to be the most hard-hit by the transfers, having experienced three Permanent Secretaries changes within a year and a half. Insiders say the changes have everything to do with the Ministry being the centre of COVID-19 tenders and economic opportunities. “The buck stops with the PS and no right-thinking PS can just allow glaring corruption under his watch as an accounting officer. Technocrats are generally law abiding, the pressure comes with politically appointed leaders racing against political terms to loot,” revealed a director in the Ministry preferring anonymity.
The latest transfer of Kabelo Ebineng she says was also motivated by his firm attitude against the President’s blue-eyed Task Team boys. “The Task Team wants to own the COVID-19 pandemic and government interventions and always cry foul when the Ministry reasserts itself as mandated by law,” said the director who added that Masisi who was always caught between the crossfire decided on sacrificing Ebineng to the joy of his team as they (Task Team) were in the habit of threatening to resign citing Ebineng as the problem.
Ebineng joins the Office of the President as a deputy Coordinator (government implementation and coordination office).The incoming PS is the soft-spoken Grace Muzila, known and described by her close associates as a conformist albeit knowledgeable.
One of the losers in the grand scheme is Thato Raphaka who many had seen as the next PSP because of his experience and calm demeanour following a declaration of interest in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Secretary post by the current PSP, Elias Magosi.
But hardly ten months into his post, Raphaka has been transferred out to the National Strategy Office in what many see as a demotion of some sort. Other notable changes coming into OP are Pearl Ramokoka formerly with the Employment, Labour and Productivity Ministry coming in as a Permanent Secretary and Kgomotso Abi as director of Public Service Reforms.
One of the ousted senior officers in the Office of the President warned that there are no signs that the changes and transfers will stop anytime soon: “If you are observant you would have long noticed that the changes don’t only affect senior officers but government decisions as well. A decision is made today and the government backtracks on it within a week. Not only that, the President says this today, and his deputy denies it the following day in Parliament,” he warned.
Some observers have blamed the turmoil in the civil service partly to lack of accountable presidential advisers or kitchen cabinet properly schooled on matters of statecraft. They point out that politicians or those peripheral to them should refrain from hampering the technical and organizational activities of public managers – or else the party (reshuffling) won’t stop.
In the view expressed by some Permanent Secretaries, Elias Magosi, has not really been himself since joining the civil service; and has cut a picture of indifference in most critical engagements; the most notable been a permanent secretaries platform which he chairs. As things stand there is need to reconcile the imperatives of democracy and democracy in Botswana. Peace will rein only when public value should stand astride the fault that runs between politicians and public managers.
Former Permanent Secretary to the President, Carter Morupisi, is fighting for survival in a matter in which the State has charged him and his wife, Pinnie Morupisi, with corruption and money laundering.
Morupisi has joined a list of prominent figures that served in the previous administration and who have been accused of corruption during their tenure in office. While others have been emerging victorious, Morupisi is yet to find that luck. The High Court recently dismissed his no case to answer application.
United States President, Joe Biden, is faced with a decision to make relating to the Covid-19 vaccine intellectual property after 175 former world leaders and Nobel laurates joined the campaign urging the US to take “urgent action” to suspend intellectual property rights for Covid-19 vaccines to help boost global inoculation rates.
According to the world leaders, doing so would allow developing countries to make their own copies of the vaccines that have been developed by pharmaceutical companies without fear of being sued for intellectual property infringements.
“A WTO waiver is a vital and necessary step to bringing an end to this pandemic. It must be combined with ensuring vaccine know-how and technology is shared openly,” the signatories, comprising more than 100 Nobel prize-winners and over 70 former world leaders, wrote in a letter to US President Joe Biden, according to Financial Times.
A measure to allow countries to temporarily override patent rights for Covid related medical products was proposed at the World Trade Organization by India and South Africa in October, and has since been backed by nearly 60 countries.
Former leaders who signed the letter included Gordon Brown, former UK Prime Minister; François Hollande, former French President; Mikhail Gorbachev, former President of the USSR; and Yves Leterme, former Belgian Prime Minister.
In their official communication, South Africa and India said: “As new diagnostics, therapeutics and vaccines for Covid-19 are developed, there are significant concerns [about] how these will be made available promptly, in sufficient quantities and at affordable prices to meet global demand.”
While developed countries have been able to secure enough vaccine to inoculate their citizens, developing countries such as Botswana are struggling to source enough to swiftly vaccine their citizens, something which world leaders believe it would work against global recovery therefore proving counter-productive.
Since the availability of vaccines, Botswana has been able to secure only 60 000 doses of vaccines, 30 000 as donation as from the Indian government, while the other 30 000 was sourced through COVAX facility. Canada, has pre-ordered vaccines in surplus and it will be able to vaccinate each of its citizens six times over. In the UK and US, it is four vaccines per person; and two each in the EU and Australia.
For vaccines produced in Europe, developing countries are forced to pay double what European countries are paying, making it more expensive for already financially struggling economies. European countries however justify the price of vaccines and that they deserve to buy them cheap since they contributed in their development.
It is evident that vaccines cannot be made available immediately to all countries worldwide with wealthy economies being the only success story in that regard, something that has been referred to as a “catastrophic moral failure”, head of the World Health Organisation (WHO), Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.
The challenge facing developing countries is not only the price, but also the capacity of vaccine manufactures to be able to do so to meet global demand within a short time. The proposal for a patent waiver by India and South Africa has been rejected by developed countries, known for hosting the world leading pharmaceutical companies such US, European Union, the United Kingdom, and Switzerland.
According to the Financial Times, US business groups including pharmaceutical industry representatives, have urged Biden to resist supporting a waiver to IP rules at the WTO, arguing that the proposal led by India and South Africa was too “vague” and “broad”.
The individuals who signed the letter, including Nobel laureates in economics as well as from across the arts and sciences, warned that inequitable vaccine access would impact the global economy and prevent it from recovering.
“The world saw unprecedented development of safe and effective vaccines, in major part thanks to US public investment,” the group wrote. “We all welcome that vaccination rollout in the US and many wealthier countries is bringing hope to their citizens.”
“Yet for the majority of the world that same hope is yet to be seen. New waves of suffering are now rising across the globe. Our global economy cannot rebuild if it remains vulnerable to this virus.” The group warned that fully enforcing IP was “self-defeating for the US” as it hindered global vaccination efforts. “Given artificial global supply shortages, the US economy already risks losing $1.3tn in gross domestic product this year.”