A recent survey by the Afrobarometer has revealed that Batswana disapprove of the nomination of Councilors by the Minister of Local Government and Rural Development.
According to the survey, slightly more than five in ten, (51%) of Batswana, show dissatisfaction with the system of nominated councilors. This week Minister of Local Government and Rural Development Slumber Tsogwane was expected to nominate around 119 councilors nationwide, most of whom are Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) rejects of the just ended general elections.
The data of the survey was released prior to the recent nomination of the councilors. The nominations are expected to be subject of debate in the ongoing 11th Parliament which promises to produce heated debates between the opposition and the ruling party.
Parliament dominated by BDP MP’s has also moved swiftly this week to notice statutory instrument to increase the number of nominated councilors. The move is seen by observers as attempting to neutralise opposition controlled councils nationwide. Already opposition controls Gaborone City Council, Kgatleng District Council, South East District Council and Jwaneng Town Council.
Francistown South MP Wynter Mmolotsi was yesterday expected to table a motion calling for abolishment of the system of nominated councilors citing reasons that it is abused by the incumbent government – to prop-up their numbers at councils especially those that are controlled by the opposition parties.
Meanwhile the Afrobarometer survey states that, “the main criticism has been its lack of clear criteria and also for bringing back the losers against the wishes of the electorates. Some members of the Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) have also voiced concerns that the system tends to reward friends of the ministers even those coming outside the constituency, and they see this as abuse of the system and undermining their value in the party.”
“The system has always been a contentious issue with opposition political parties including some senior members of the ruling party,” survey further posits.
BDP rewards loyalists Already in the list the names of Mephato Reatile who lost Jwaneng-Mabule constituency to Shawn Ntlaile of the opposition Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC), Sylviah Muzilla who was defeated by Wynter Mmolotsi of UDC at Francistown South and Mpho Moruakgomo who was also defeated in the Mochudi East constituency by UDC’s Isaac Davids among others – have all made their way to council chambers through the minister’s nomination process.
Other BDP members who lost in the BDP primary elections last year such as Greg Losibe who lost to Jonny Sawrtz in Ghanzi North, are also said to be in the list. In addition BDP Publicity Committee Secretary Macdonald Peloetletse, Kagiso Ntime who joined the party after disapproving umbrella model of opposition parties and Andy Boatile who face stiff competition in the coming National Youth Executive Committee have also been nominated for Council.
Key Findings The survey found out that 53% of urban residents do not agree with the current system of specially nominated councilors whilst 45% say the system should be retained.
It states that there are no major differences between those in rural areas and semi-urban areas. 55% of those in rural areas do not support the system against 40% who agree with it.
It also revealed that “age plays an important role as slightly more than half (53%) of the elderly, those who are 65 and above think the system should be retained against 36% who do not support it.
There are mixed reactions regarding those who are 50 and below. 55% of the youth (18-29) are against the system whilst 40% are for it. Men, the survey says are more assertive about rejection of the system as 55% say so, compared to 50% of women who equally reject special nomination by the Minister.
The Afro barometer survey also highlighted that the system is most disliked by those close to the opposition political parties, as 65% either agree or agree strongly that the system should be abolished whilst 33% support its retention.
“Within those identifying with the ruling party, one in five (50%) believe the system works well whilst 44% say it should be done away with. This is not surprising to find that the system finds favour within the ruling party as it is used to reward its activists.”
Afrobarometer is an African-led, non-partisan research project that has measured countries’ social, political, and economic atmosphere since 1999.
Afrobarometer is funded by the UK Department of International Development (DFID), U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA), Mo Ibrahim Foundation, and World Bank. In its sixth survey round (2014-15), it is covering 35 countries. In Botswana, the face-to-face interviews of 1,200 adults were done by Star Awards (Pty) Ltd.
Despite being hailed and still regarded as a hero who saved many lives through his decision to crash the BF5 fighter Jet around the national stadium on the eve of the 2018 BDF day, the deceased Pilot, Major Clifford Manyuni’s actions were treated as a letdown within the army, especially by his master-Commander of the Air Arm, Major General Innocent Phatshwane.
Manyuni’s master says he was utterly disappointed with his Pilot’s failure to perform “simple basics.”
Manyuni was regarded as a hero through social media for his ‘colourful exploits’, but Phatshwane who recently retired as the Air Arm Commander, revealed to WeekendPost in an exclusive interview that while he appreciated Batswana’s outpouring of emotions and love towards his departed Pilot, he strongly felt let down by the Pilot “because there was nothing wrong with that Fighter Jet and Manyuni did not report any problem either.”
The deceased Pilot, Manyuni was known within the army to be an upwardly mobile aviator and in particular an air power proponent.
“I was hurt and very disappointed because nobody knows why he decided to crash a well-functioning aircraft,” stated Phatshwane – a veteran pilot with over 40 years of experience under the Air Arm unit.
Phatshwane went on to express shock at Manyuni’s flagrant disregard for the rules of the game, “they were in a formation if you recall well and the guiding principle in that set-up is that if you have any problem, you immediately report to the formation team leader and signal a break-away from the formation.
Manyuni disregarded all these basic rules, not even to report to anybody-team members or even the barracks,” revealed Phatshwane when engaged on the much-publicised 2018 incident that took the life of a Rakops-born Pilot of BDF Class 27 of 2003/2004.
Phatshwane quickly dismisses the suggestion that perhaps the Fighter Jet could have been faulty, “the reasons why I am saying I was disappointed is that the aircraft was also in good condition and well-functioning. It was in our best interest to know what could have caused the accident and we launched a wholesale post-accident investigation which revealed that everything in the structure was working perfectly well,” he stated.
Phatshwane continued: “we thoroughly assessed the condition of the engine of the aircraft as well as the safety measures-especially the ejection seat which is the Pilot’s best safety companion under any life-threatening situation. All were perfectly functional.”
In aircrafts, an ejection seat or ejector seat is a system designed to rescue the pilot or other crew of an aircraft in an emergency. The seat is propelled out of the aircraft by an explosive charge or rocket motor, carrying the pilot with it.”
Manyuni knew about all these safety measures and had checked their functionality prior to using the Aircraft as is routine practice, according to Phatshwane. Could Manyuni have been going through emotional distress of some sort? Phatshwane says while he may never really know about that, what he can say is that there are laid out procedures in aviation guiding instances of emotional instability which Manyuni also knew about.
“We don’t allow or condone emotionally or physically unfit Pilots to take charge of an aircraft. If a Pilot feels unfit, he reports and requests to be excused. We will subsequently shift the task to another Pilot. We do this because we know the risks of leaving an unfit pilot to fly an aircraft,” says Phatshwane.
Despite having happened a day before the BDF day, Phatshwane says the BDF day mishap did not really affect the BDF day preparations, although it emotionally distracted Manyuni’s flying formation squad a bit, having seen him break away from the formation to the stone-hearted ground. The team soldiered on and immediately reported back to base for advice and way forward, according to Phatshwane.
Sharing the details of the ordeal and his Pilots’ experiences, Phatshwane said: “they (pilots) were in distress, who wouldn’t? They were especially hurt by the deceased‘s lack of communication. I immediately called a chaplain to attend to their emotional needs.
He came and offered them counselling. But soldiers don’t cry, they immediately accepted that a warrior has been called, wiped off their tears and instantly reported back for duty. I am sure you saw them performing miracles the following day at the BDF day as arranged.”
Despite the matter having attracted wide publicity, the BDF kept the crash details a distance away from the public, a move that Phatshwane felt was not in the best interest of the army and public.
“The incident attracted overwhelming public attention. Not only that, there were some misconceptions attached to the incident and I thought it was upon the BDF to come out and address those for the benefit of the public and army’s reputation,” he said.
One disturbing narrative linked to the incident was that Manyuni heroically wrestled the ‘faulty’ aircraft away from the endangered public to die alone, a narrative which Phatshwane disputes as just people’s imaginations. “Like I said the Aircraft was functioning perfectly,” he responded.
A close family member has hinted that the traumatised Manyuni family, at the time of their son’s tragedy, strongly accused the BDF ‘of killing their son’. Phatshwane admits to this development, emphasising that “Manyuni’s mother was visibly and understandably in inconsolable pain when she uttered those words”.
Phatshwane was the one who had to travel to Rakops through the Directorate of Intelligence Services (DIS) aircraft to deliver the sad news to the family but says he found the family already in the know, through social media. At the time of his death, Manyuni was survived by both parents, two brothers, a sister, fiancée and one child. He was buried in Rakops in an emotionally-charged burial. Like his remains, the BDF fighter jets have been permanently rested.
A matter in which former President Lt Gen Ian Khama had brought before Broadhurst Police Station in Gaborone, requesting the State to charge Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC) lead investigator, Jako Hubona and others with perjury has been committed to Headquarters because it involves “elders.”
Broadhurst Police Station Commander, Obusitswe Lokae, told this publication this week that the case in its nature is high profile so the matter has been allocated to his Officer Commanding No.3 District who then reported to the Divisional Commander who then sort to commit it to Police Headquarters.