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Dow blasts opposition over popular vote rhetoric

Unity Dow says she is more popular than most legislators

Specially Elected Member of Parliament, Dr Unity Dow, who is also Assistant Minister of Education and Skills Development, has weighed heavily on the debate concerning the country’s electoral system – First Past The Post (FPTP), and the Special Election of Members of Parliament as well as Nomination of Councillors.


Responding to President Lt Gen Ian Khama’s State of the Nation Address this week, Dow was not impressed with the opposition chants that the Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) was not popularly elected, hence it was a minority government. The opposition has also condemned the Special Election of MPs and Nomination of Councillors, labelling the two dispensations, a fraud meant to reward losers and rejects.  


Dow herself was Specially Elected by Parliament after losing to Gilbert Mangole in the Mochudi West constituency during the October general election. Mangole was voted by 8856 people while Dow trailed with 6085 votes and the BCP’s Alfred Ramono Pilane was voted by 3558 residents.


First on Dr Dow’s radar was the question of popular vote, which she took time to dissect to the National Assembly, explaining that it can be understood in many facets. She even dispelled the said popularity of some Members of Parliament who come from constituencies similar in size to the one she contested. She stressed that she was in fact more popular than most MPs; hence their being in the house could be subjected to similar scrutiny.


DOW ON SPECIAL ELECTION OF MPS
“I believe we can all agree that the Special Election of MPs process was designed to give newly elected party a chance to assess its winning margin and to audit the expertise delivered by the electorate and to then decide how to ensure that it has both the numbers and the expertise to deliver on its elections promises. That is how my party employed the system,” observed Dow.


She said if anyone does not like the system, a system regulated by law; they do not call the system a “dictatorship” and “devilish” as some MPs have decided. “They propose a reasoned and rational amendment to the law, “if the law does not pass, the UDC will be put on notice on how the UDC, they ever take power, will amend that particular law,” she said.


DOW ON POPULAR VOTE
Dow further observed that complaints against the current electoral system were not limited to the SEMP system only. “There are complaints that the current electoral system of First Past the Post (FPTP) allows for the BDP to have won when it did not get the “popular vote”. The Assistant Minister of Education and Skills Development said the BDP, according to the opposition should not be in power because it did not win the popular vote –m meaning that it did not get more than 50 percent of the votes cast.


Dow said it appears that the opposition only wants to employ the popular vote rhetoric where it suits them. She gave a number of examples of Members of Parliament who she said did not get the popular votes from constituencies where they contested. She further stressed that she got more votes than most of the Members of Parliament.

Dow gave examples of MPs Wynter Mmolotsi (5261 votes), Dithapelo keorapetse (4247), Haskins Nkaigwa (5738), Sedirwa Kgoroba (4180), Dr Tlamelo Mmatli (5 967), Noah Salakae (3999), Phenyo Butale (4601 votes), among others as examples of MPs who fail the popular vote test. She indicated that she got 6085 votes, a number significantly higher than ones achieved by the MPs she mentioned.


“Candidate to Candidate, I received more votes than any of these individuals – Candidate to candidate, I received a higher popular vote than any of these gentlemen did – by what right then are they sitting in this house?”  Dow said if the popular should be the yardstick, then none of those with votes less than hers should be in the National Assembly. “But they are and they are entitled to be; because the electoral laws allow it. Perhaps the UDC wishes to change the law; if they do, I invite them to propose legislative amendments to the law,” she said.  


According to Dow, only 27 of the 57 Members of Parliament got the popular vote. She cited the examples of Bagalatia Arone, Guma Moyo, Edwin Batshu, Pelonomi Venson-Moitoi, Prince Maele, among others. She said only six of the UDC’s 17 Members of Parliament received the popular vote, and only one of the BCP’s three Members of Parliament received the popular vote.

“So the devilish dictatorship that Honourable Phenyo Butale is complaining about has served him well. He has not received the popular vote. He was voted by only 4601 people. The City of Gaborone has a population of 231 592. Assuming that a fifth are in Hon Butale’s constituency, there are 46 300 people in his constituency. Of these only 11 609 registered to vote. Of these 4601 sent him to Parliament. Mochudi West has about the same number of people, 46 500. Of those 6085 voted for me. That is 1484 more than those who voted Hon Phenyo Butale,” she said.


Dow encouraged the opposition to suggest legislative reforms so that no one enters the National Assembly without having achieved the “magical popular vote.”

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Government sitting on 4 400 vacant posts

14th September 2020
(DPSM) Director Goitseone Naledi Mosalakatane

Government is currently sitting on 4 400 vacant posts that remain unfilled in the civil service. This is notwithstanding the high unemployment rate in Botswana which has been exacerbated by the recent outbreak of the deadly COVID-19 pandemic.

Just before the burst of COVID-19, official data released by Statistics Botswana in January 2020, indicate that unemployment in Botswana has increased from 17.6 percent three years ago to 20.7 percent. “Unemployment rate went up by 3.1 percentage between the two periods, from 17.6 to 20.7 percent,” statistics point out.

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FNBB projects deeper 50 basis point cut for Q4 2020

14th September 2020
Steven Bogatsu

Leading commercial bank, First National Bank Botswana (FNBB), expects the central bank to sharpen its monetary policy knife and cut the Bank Rate twice in the last quarter of 2020.

The bank expects a 25 basis point (bps) in the beginning of the last quarter, which is next month, and another shed by the same bps in December, making a total of 50 bps cut in the last quarter.  According to the bank’s researchers, the central bank is now holding on to 4.25 percent for the time being pending for more informed data on the economic climate.

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Food suppliers give Gov’t headache – report

14th September 2020
Food suppliers give Gov’t headache

An audit of the accounts and records for the supply of food rations to the institutions in the Northern Region for the financial year-ended 31 March 2019 was carried out. According to Auditor General’s report and observations, there are weaknesses and shortcomings that were somehow addressed to the Accounting Officer for comments.

Auditor General, Pulane Letebele indicated on the report that, across all depots in the region that there had been instances where food items were short for periods ranging from 1 to 7 months in the institutions for a variety of reasons, including absence of regular contracts and supplier failures. The success of this programme is dependent on regular and reliable availability of the supplies to achieve its objective, the report said.

There would be instances where food items were returned from the feeding centers to the depots for reasons of spoilage or any other cause. In these cases, instances had been noted where these returns were not supported by any documentation, which could lead to these items being lost without trace.

The report further stressed that large quantities of various food items valued at over P772 thousand from different depots were damaged by rodents, and written off.Included in the write off were 13 538 (340ml) cartons of milk valued at P75 745. In this connection, the Auditor General says it is important that the warehouses be maintained to a standard where they would not be infested by rodents and other pests.

Still in the Northern region, the report noted that there is an outstanding matter relating to the supply of stewed steak (283×3.1kg cans) to the Maun depot which was allegedly defective. The steak had been supplied by Botswana Meat Commission to the depot in November 2016.

In March 2017 part of the consignment was reported to the supplier as defective, and was to be replaced. Even as there was no agreement reached between the parties regarding replacement, in 51 October 2018 the items in question were disposed of by destruction. This disposal represented a loss as the whole consignment had been paid for, according to the report.

“In my view, the loss resulted directly from failure by the depot managers to deal with the matter immediately upon receipt of the consignment and detection of the defects. Audit inspections during visits to Selibe Phikwe, Maun, Shakawe, Ghanzi and Francistown depots had raised a number of observations on points of detail related to the maintenance of records, reconciliations of stocks and related matters, which I drew to the attention of the Accounting Officer for comments,” Letebele said in her report.

In the Southern region, a scrutiny of the records for the control of stocks of food items in the Southern Region had indicated intermittent shortages of the various items, principally Tsabana, Malutu, Sunflower Oil and Milk which was mainly due to absence of subsisting contracts for the supply of these items.

“The contract for the supply of Tsabana to all depots expired in September 2018 and was not replaced by a substantive contract. The supplier contracts for these stocks should be so managed that the expiry of one contract is immediately followed by the commencement of the next.”

Suppliers who had been contracted to supply foodstuffs had failed to do so and no timely action had been taken to redress the situation to ensure continuity of supply of the food items, the report noted.

In one case, the report highlighted that the supplier was to manufacture and supply 1 136 metric tonnes of Malutu for a 4-months period from March 2019 to June 2019, but had been unable to honour the obligation. The situation was relieved by inter-depot transfers, at additional cost in transportation and subsistence expenses.

In another case, the contract was for the supply of Sunflower Oil to Mabutsane, where the supplier had also failed to deliver. Examination of the Molepolole depot Food Issues Register had indicated a number of instances where food items consigned to the various feeding centres had been returned for a variety of reasons, including food item available; no storage space; and in other cases the whole consignments were returned, and reasons not stated.

This is an indication of lack of proper management and monitoring of the affairs of the depot, which could result in losses from frequent movements of the food items concerned.The maintenance of accounting records in the region, typically in Letlhakeng, Tsabong, and Mabutsane was less than satisfactory, according to Auditor General’s report.

In these depots a number of instances had been noted where receipts and issues had not been recorded over long periods, resulting in incorrect balances reflected in the accounting records. This is a serious weakness which could lead to or result in losses without trace or detection, and is a contravention of Supplies Regulations and Procedures, Letebele said.

Similarly, consignments of a total of 892 bags of Malutu and 3 bags of beans from Tsabong depot to different feeding centres had not been received in those centres, and are considered lost. These are also not reflected in the Statement of Losses in the Annual Statements of Accounts for the same periods.

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