This time of the year is well-known for wish-lists, individuals and collectives are busy updating and circulating their desired whish-lists for the festive season and/or the year(s) ahead. A 'Wish-list' is simply a record of desired items or occurrences (Oxford Dictionaries; 2014). The list's author(s) will then distribute copies of their wish-list to stakeholder(s) who are capable of transforming the wish-list for the would-be recipient(s). The fundamental goal of any wish-list is to facilitate communication between the author(s) and respective stakeholder(s). Wish-lists normally contain realistic expectations that stakeholder(s) can fulfill directly and/or indirectly.
Therefore, it is fitting for me and like minded youth advocates to circulate our desired wish-list, on behalf of our constituents, with hope that relevant authorities find it worthy to grant Youth some, if not all their desires in this list. That is, if they find Youth deserving of such wishes, we are mindful of the fact that, wishes can only be granted those considered deserving.
This wish-list is more than a gradient of desired expectations; it also serves as a ‘needs based’ template for youth advocates, legislatures and policy makers alike. Youth development is a stubborn and escalating problem in Botswana. This reality persists despite frequent establishment of numerous youth development initiatives/projects plus pleasing financial and political will. Youth in Botswana are faced with divers and equally pressing socio-economic challenges, these inform and guide this ‘Youth Constituency’ wish-list.
We wish for equitable distribution of wealth and resources, we want the enormous and growing gap between the ‘Rich’ and the ‘Poor’ to be completely obliterated. Our country should translate its remarkable Economic Growth to remarkable Economic Development. Our Gini Index is in excess of 0.64, one of the highest in the whole world. Best practice approaches to equitable economic development are obvious and well known, these include; decentralization, genuine citizen participation, needs based programing and transparency.
Equitable economic development hurdles are obvious and well known, these include; corruption, centralization, top-down apprach and, nepotism. We refuse to accept that countries such as; Mauritius and Denmark are mere fairytales; we should emulate, and surpass such countries. We want Decentralization over Recentralization; services should go to the people not vice versa. Botswana is characterized by disturbing levels of rapid Rural-Urban migration; this is because all economic development opportunities and basic public services are centralized in one area.
The socio-economic impacts of Rural-Urban migration on both urban & rural communities are well known and at play in our motherland. The recent land pandemonium in Odi and overwhelming poverty in rural settlements are classic signs of rapid Rural-Urban migration. This decentralization should incorporate youth socio-economic integration through; Cooperatives, Localization, Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) and, the Economic Diversification Drive (EDD).
We yearn for permanent decent jobs and sustainable livelihoods: Unemployment in our country has been around 20 percent since 2007. Not only have we failed to create new jobs since 2007, we have correspondingly failed to protect the few jobs in our economy. About 70% of our total unemployment is youth unemployment, furthermore youth fall within the intermediate sector with low paying jobs. Youth face a new phenomenon of skilled and unskilled labor exploitation/servitude termed ‘underemployment’.
This reality restricts ‘majority’ of youth from living sustainable livelihoods, resulting in undesirable socio-economic tribulations, like the recent Thamaga ‘Merubisi’ invasion. Furthermore, we yearn for earnest sustainable 'socioeconomic safety nets' that bring youth to mainstream economic membership, instead of keeping them in the sidelines. We wish for improved Education and Skills Development; we want BIUST to be fully and eternally operational by January. We hope troubled Botswana Accountancy College (BAC) survives or recovers from its apparent P3 million debt legal battle. We yearn for appropriate management and leadership at Good-Hope Senior School, Tonota College of Education and other troubled institutions, for proper teaching and learning to prevail. We wish universal public Early Childhood Education provision will take-off soon.
Though we should, we will not dwell much on ‘Curriculum Review’, in this regard, we fittingly refer you to recommendations of the Kedikilwe Education Commission (1993) and the Education with Production principle by renowned educationalist, Patrick van Rensburg. We wish for better and efficient Monitoring and Evaluation of Tertiary Institutions, to ensure their services gratify market demands and our citizens get value for money. We yearn for expansion and diversification of our education system; it ought to vigorously incorporate ‘Non-Formal’ and ‘Out of School Education’. These should focus on life and entrepreneurial skills instead of basic literacy and numeracy skills.
We genuinely yearn for land; the revised Tribal Land Act (1993) and the Constitution of Botswana (section 14 and 15) assurance us land ownership anywhere in the country is our constitutional right. Though decent shelter and accommodation is our right, today we do not plead on constitutional/legal grounds. We simply plead for land as a socio-economic and human development basic need as demonstrated by renewed psychologist, Abraham Maslow, in his distinguished ‘Hierarchy of Needs’ theory. We desire effective and equitable distribution of land; we know there is plenty to go around for everyone.
We want to be allocated tribal land from 18yrs or earlier, why should we wait for 21yrs? We also know the waiting list stands at, 140 000 in Mogoditshane, 16 348 in Palapye and, 5 146 in Mochudi, but we refuse to believe this is the best our country can do. We know about the six year old Land Administration, Procedures and Systems (LAPCAS), but we have our reservations. We refuse to believe the land situation in countries like France is a fairy-tale and luck; it is a result of deliberate policy interventions and unquestionable political will. We should emulate, and surpass such countries.
We yearn for genuine Youth participation; to be precise we yearn for ratification of the African Youth Charter (AYC). AYC is a legal framework to guide and support policies, programs and actions for youth development and empowerment across Africa (Mac-Ikemenjima; 2009). We also plead for ‘needs based’ programing through a ‘bottom-up approach’ opposed to the current ‘top-down and one size fits all approach’. We yearn for bottom-up policy approach because it is the only approach best placed to address the diverse youth development challenges across our country.
This approach is cognizant of the fact that; youth are not a ‘homogenous group’ they confront diverse realities. Their differences in age, gender, experience, marital status, interests and preferences, family background, income, and religion, amongst others, creates a wide gap between the needs, aspirations and expectations of youth in our country. The options and constraints they face vary widely; so does their description of opportunities. Therefore, there can never be a universal initiative that addresses all youth challenges at once. In this regard, we also yearn for the overdue Youth Parliament.
Empowerment of young women is also our wish; traditional and contemporary hardships facing young women are well and widely documented. We cannot pretend these social, cultural, political and economic hardships do not exist. Hence, we yearn for ratification and compliance to among others; SADC Gender Protocol and Conventions on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDA. Our disturbing youth development situation affects females more than their male counterparts. Therefore if any significant strides are to be actualized, sustainable empowerment and development of young women should be a deliberate action item.
Unfortunately we have exceeded the word-count; hence we shall stop here. There is a lot more we wish to include in our ‘youth constituency’ wish-list. We will certainly find a way of advancing all wishes left out in this list.
* Taziba is Youth Advocate & Researcher with keen interest in Youth Policy, Civic Engagement, Social Inclusion and Capacity Building (7189 firstname.lastname@example.org)
This is a question that should seriously exercise the mind of every Botswana citizen and every science researcher, every health worker and every political leader political.
The Covid-19 currently defines our lives and poses a direct threat to every aspect and every part of national safety, security and general well-being. This disease has become a normative part of human life throughout the world.
The first part of the struggle against the murderous depredation of this disease was to protect personal life through restrictive health injunctions and protocols; the worst possibly being human isolation and masks that hid our sorrows and lamentations through thin veils. We suffered that humiliation with grace and I believe as a nation we did a great job.
Now the vaccines are here, ushering us into the second phase of this war against the plague; and we are asking ourselves, is this science-driven fight against Covid-19 spell the end of pandemic anxiety? Is the health nightmare coming to an end? What happy lives lie ahead? Is this the time for celebration or caution? As the Non State Actors, we have being struggling with these questions for months.
We have published our thoughts and feelings, and our research reviews and thorough reading of both the local and international impacts of this rampaging viral invasion in local newspapers and social media platforms.
More significantly, we have successfully organised workshops about the impact of the pandemic on society and the economy and the last workshop invited a panel of health experts, professionals, and public administers to advance this social dialogue as part of our commitment to the tripartite engagement we enjoy working with Government of Botswana, Civil Society and Development partners. These workshops are virtual and open to all Batswana, foreign diplomatic missions based in Gaborone, UN agencies located in Gaborone and international academic researchers and professional health experts and specialists.
The mark of Covid-19 on our nation is a painful one, a tragedy shared by the entire human race, but still a contextually painful experience. Our response is fraught with grave difficulties; limited resources, limited time, and the urgency to not only save lives but also avert economic ruin and a bleak future for all who survive. Several vaccines are already in the market.
Parts of the world are already doing the best they can to trunk the pestilential march of this disease by rolling out mass-vaccinations campaigns that promise to evict this health menace and nightmare from their public lives. Botswana, like much of Africa, is still up in the disreputable, and, unenviable, preventative social melee of masked interactions, metered distances, contactless commerce.
We remain very much at the mercy of a marauding virus that daily runs amuck with earth shattering implications for the economy and human lives. And the battle against both infections and transmissions is proving to be difficult, in terms of finance, institutional capacities and resource mobilization. How are we prepared as government, and as citizens, to embrace the impending mass-vaccinations? What are the chances of us succeeding at this last-ditch effort to defeat the virus? What are the most pressing obstacles?
Does the work of vaccines spell an end to the pandemic anxieties?
Our panellists addressed the current state of mass-vaccination preparedness at the Botswana national level. What resources are available? What are the financial, institutional and administrative operational challenges (costs and supply chains, delivery, distribution, administering the vaccine on time, surveillance and security of vaccines?) What is being done to overcome them, or what can be done to overcome them? What do public assessments of preparedness tell us at the local community levels? How strong is the political will and direction? How long can we expect the whole exercise to last? At what point should we start seeing tangible results of the mass-vaccination campaign?
They also addressed the challenges of the anticipated emerging Vaccinated Society. How to fight the myths of vaccines and the superstitions about histories of human immunizations? What exactly is being done to grow robust local confidence in the science of vaccinations and the vaccines themselves? More significantly, how to square these campaigns vis-vis personal rights, moral/religious obligations?
What messages are being sent out in these regards and how are Batswana responding? What about issues of justice and equality? Will we get the necessary vaccines to everyone who wants them? What is being done to ensure no deserving person is left behind?
They also addressed issues of health data. To accomplish this mass-vaccination campaign and do everything right we need accurate and complete data. Poor data already makes it very hard to just cope with the disease. What is being done to improve data for the mass-vaccination campaign? How is this data being collected, aggregated and prepared for real life situation/applications throughout Botswana in the coming campaign?
We know in America, for example, general reporting and treatment of health data at the beginning of vaccinations was so poor, so chaotic and so scattered mainstream newspapers like The Atlantic, Washington Post and the New York Times had to step in, working very closely with civil society organizations, to rescue the situation. What data-related issues are still problematic in Botswana?
To be specific, what kind of Covid-19 data is being taken now to ready the whole country for an effective and efficient mass-vaccination program?
Batswana must be made aware that the end part of vaccination will just mark the beginning of a long journey to health recovery and national redemption; that in many ways Covid-19 vaccination is just another step toward the many efforts in abeyance to fight this health pandemic, the road ahead is still long and painful.
For this purpose, and to highlight the significance of this observation we tasked our panellists with the arduous imperative of analysing the impact of mass-vaccination on society and the economy alongside the pressing issues of post-Covid-19 national health surveillance and rehabilitation programs.
Research suggests the aftermath of Covid-19 vaccination is going to be just as difficult and uncertain world as the present reality in many ways, and that caution should prevail over celebration, at least for a long time. The disease itself is projected to linger around for some time after all these mass-vaccination campaigns unless an effort is made to vaccinate everyone to the last reported case, every nation succeeds beyond herd immunity, and cure is found for Covid-19 disease. Many people are going to continue in need of medications, psychological and psychiatric services and therapy.
Is Botswana ready for this long holdout? If not, what path should we take going into the future? The Second concern is , are we going to have a single, trusted national agency charged with the mandate to set standards for our national health data system, now that we know how real bad pandemics can be, and the value of data in quickly responding to them and mitigating impact? Finally, what is being done to curate a short history of this pandemic? A national museum of health and medicine or a Public Health Institute in Botswana is overdue.
If we are to create strong sets of data policies and data quality standards for fighting future health pandemics it is critical that they find ideological and moral foundations in the artistic imagery and photography of the present human experience…context is essential to fighting such diseases, and to be prepared we must learn from every tragic health incident.
Our panellists answered most of these questions with distinguished intellectual clarity. We wish Batswana to join us in our second Mass-vaccination workshop.
Today is International Women’s Day – it’s a moment to think about how much better our news diet could be if inequities were eliminated. In 1995, when the curtains fell in one of the largest meetings that have ever brought women together to discuss women in development, it was noted that women and media remain key to development.
Twenty-six years later, the relevant “Article J” of the Beijing Platform for Action, remains unfulfilled. Its two strategic objectives with regard to Women and Media have not been met. They are Increase the participation and access of women to expression and decision-making in and through the media and new technologies of communication
Promote a balanced and non-stereotyped portrayal of women in the media.
Today, as we mark International Women’s Day, it’s an indictment on both media owners and civil society that women remain on the periphery of news-making. They cannot claim equal space in either the structures of newsrooms or in the content produced, be that as sources of news or as the subjects of reports. Indeed, the latest figures from WAN-IFRA’s Women in News Programme show just one in five voices in news belong to women*, be they as sources, as the author or as the main character of the news report.
Some progress was evident several years back, with stand-out women being named as chief executive officers, editors in chief, managing editors and executive editors. But these gains appear short lived in most media organisations. Excitement has turned to frustration as one-step forward has been replaced with three steps backwards. In Africa, the problem is acute. The decision-making tables of media organisations remain deprived of women and where there are women, they are surrounded by men.
Few women have followed in the footsteps of Esther Kamweru, the first woman managing editor in Kenya, and indeed sub-Saharan Africa. Today’s standout women editors include Pamela Makotsi-Sittoni (Nation Media Group, Kenya), Barbara Kaija (New Vision, Uganda), Mary Mbewe (Daily Nation, Zambia), Margaret Vuchiri (The Monitor, Uganda), Joyce Shebe (Clouds, Tanzania), Tryphinah Dongwana (Weekend Post, Botswana), Joyce Mhaville (Independent Television -ITV, Tanzania) and Tuma Abdallah (Standard Newspapers,Tanzania). But they remain an exception.
The lack of balance between women and men at the table of decision making has a rollback effect on the content that is produced. A table dominated by men typically makes decisions that benefit men.
So today, International Women’s Day is a grim reminder that things are not rosy in the news business. Achieving gender balance in news and in the structure of media organisations remains a challenge. Unmet, it sees more than half of the population in our countries suffer the consequences of bias, discrimination and sexism.
The business of ignoring the other half of the population can no longer be treated as normal. It’s time that media leaders grasp the challenge, not only because it is the right thing to do, but because it also makes a whole lot of business sense: start covering women, give them space and a voice in news-making and propel them to all levels of decision making within your organisation.
We can no longer afford to imagine that it’s only men who make and sell the news and bring in the shillings to fund the media business. Women too are worthy newsmakers. In all of our societies, there are women holding decision making positions and who are now experts in once male-only domains such as engineers, doctors, scientists and researchers.
They can be deliberately picked out to share their perspectives and expertise and bring balance to the profile of experts quoted on our news pages. Media is the prism through which society sees itself and women are an untapped audience. So, as we celebrate International Women’s Day, let us embrace diversity, which yields better news content and business products, and in so doing eliminate sexism. We know that actions and attitudes that discriminate against people based on their gender is bad for business.
As media, the challenge is ours. We need to consciously embrace and reach the commitments made 26 years ago when the Beijing Platform for Action was signed globally. As the news consuming public, you have a role to play too. Hold your news organization to account and make sure they deliver balanced news that reflects the voices of all of society.
Jane Godia is a gender development and media expert who serves as the Africa Director of Women in News programme. WOMEN IN NEWS is WAN-IFRA’s ground-breaking programme to increase women’s leadership and voices in the news. It does so by equipping women journalists and editors with the skills, strategies, and support networks to take on greater leadership positions within their media. www.womeninnews.org
The eve of International Women’s Day presents an opportunity for us to think about gender equality and the long and often frustrating march toward societies that are truly equal.
As media, we are uniquely placed to drive forward this reflection and discussion. But while focusing on the challenges of gender in society, we owe it to our staff and the communities we serve to also take a hard look at the obstacles within our own organisations.
I’m talking specifically about the scourge of sexual harassment. It’s likely to have happened in your newsroom. It has likely happened to a member of your team. It happens to all genders but is disproportionately directed at women. It happens in every industry, regardless of country, culture or context. This is because sexual harassment is driven by power, not sex. Wherever you have imbalances in power, you have individuals who are at risk of sexual harassment, and those who abuse this power.
I’ve been sexually harassed. The many journalists and editors, friends and family members who I have spoken to over the years on this subject have also been harassed. Yet it is still hard for leaders to recognize that this could be happening within their newsrooms and boardrooms. Why does it continue to be such a taboo?
Counting the cost of sexual harassment
Sexual harassment is, simply put, bad for business. It can harm your corporate reputation. It is a drain on the productivity of staff and managers. Maintaining and building trust in your brand is an absolute imperative for media organisations globally. If and when a case gets out of control or is badly handled – this can directly impact your bottom line.
It is for this reason that WAN-IFRA Women in News has put eliminating sexual harassment as a top priority in our work around gender equality in the media sector. This might seem at odds with the current climate where social interactions are fewer and remote work scenarios are in place in many newsrooms and businesses. But one only needs to tune into the news to know that the abuse of power, manifested as verbal, physical or online harassment, is alive and well.
Preliminary results from an ongoing Women in News research study into the issue of sexual harassment polling hundreds of journalists in Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia indicate that more than 1 in 3 women media professionals have been physically harassed, and just under 50% have been verbally harassed. Just over 15% of men in African newsrooms reported being physically harassed, and slightly less than 1 in 4 reports being verbally harassed. The numbers for male media professionals in Southeast Asia are slightly higher than a quarter on both forms of harassment.
The first step in confronting sexual harassment is to talk about it. We need to strip away the stigma and discomfort around having open conversations about what sexual harassment is and isn’t. Media managers, it is entirely in your power to create dynamics in your own teams that are free from sexual harassment.
Publishers and CEOs, you set the organisational culture in your media company.
By being vocal in recognising that it happens everywhere, and communicating to your employees that you will not tolerate sexual harassment of any kind, you send a powerful message to your teams, and publicly. With these actions, you will help us overcome the legacy of silence around this topic, and in doing so take an important first step to create media environments that truly embrace equality.
Melanie Walker is Executive Director of Media Development of the World Association of News Publishers (WAN-IFRA). She is a creator of Women in News, WAN-IFRA’s ground-breaking programme to increase women’s leadership and voices in the news. It does so by equipping women journalists and editors with the skills, strategies, and support networks to take on greater leadership positions within their media. www.womeninnews.org